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copy of which may be seen in the Library of the 'L'Art de Vérifier les Dates,' great as is the Corporation of the City of London, Guildhall. authority of that work. Sigebert Gemblacenses,
EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. or rather the continuation of his chronicle by 71, Brecknock Road.
Robert de Monte, say8, sub 1118,
tertius regoat So far as I know there is not a single example of [i. e.,. in Jerusalem] Balduinus filius Hugonis an English Easter sepulchre made of wood in Comitis de Reitesta." Baldwin de Berg (or Bourg) existence. I have made inquiries in the hope that did marry a lady of the name of Ida, as Sigebert one, at least, might have come down to our time,
bimself says, under 1084, comes Montensis but have never received a satisfactory answer to the Balduinus uxorem ducit Idam.” Why Ida has questions I have asked. There is a very valuable been taken to be a daughter of Count Eustace paper on Easter sepțlcbres, by Major Alfred Heales, with the Whiskers I know not. She is not menin the forty-second volume of the Archæologia. tioned by Ordericus Vitalis. Perhaps the name of Mention of Easter sepulchres made of wood occurs Ida being also the name of Eustace's wife suggested in my English Church Furniture,' pp. 34, 39, 44, the relationship. I thank C. H. for calling atten50, 60, 65, 67, 73, 99, 108, 120, 143, 152, 167.
tion to what clearly seems an error. T. W. EDWARD PEACOCK.
Aston Clinton. Dunstan House, Kirton-in-Lindsey.
LADY DANLOVE (8th S. v. 88; vi. 57).—The The information will be found fully will of “Dame Jacoba Vanloore, widow, late wife treated in Bloxam's 'Principles of Gothic Archi. of Sir Peter Vanloore, late of London, knight, tecture,' 1882, vol. ii. pp. 98–124. After stating deceased,” was dated Sept. 6, 11 Car., anno 1635, that some of the best examples of sepulchral arches and proved in the P.C.C. by Thomas Crompton, or receptacles for the movable wooden structures of Westminster, gentleman, the sole executor, are to be found at Cubbington and Long Itching- April 27, 1636. ton, Warwickshire; Garthorpe, Leicestershire ; Amongst other legacies, sbe bequeathes, Hawton and St. Peter Sibthorp, Notts ; Hecking "to the poor of the city of Westminster 101.; to the poor ton, Navenby, and Lincoln Minster, Lincolnsbire ; of the parish of Fulham 101.; to the poor of the parish Patrington, Yorks; Northwold, Norfolk; and of Chelsey 101.; to each of my grandchildren, being Holcome Burnell, Devon-Bloxam says :
children of my late daughter Katherine, late wife of Sir
Thomas Glembam, Kt., and of my daughter Elizabeth, “What appears to have been the movable Easter late wife of Jobn Vandenbemden, 5001. apiece; to my sepulchre formerly belonging, I think, to Kilsby son-in-law Sir Edward Powell, Kt, and Bart., one of Church, Northamptonsbire......consists of a wooden H.M. Masters of the Court of Requests, 5001. ; to my coffer, 3 ft. 9 in. in length, 1 ft. 3 in. in width, and executor, in trust for my daughter, dame Mary Powell, 1 ft. 9 in, in heigbt, exclusive of modern supports. The now wife of Sir Edward Powell, Kt. and Bart., her cover is comparatively modern. The back, which was executors and assigns, all my late husband's adventures placed against the north wall of the chancel, is plain, in the East and West Indian Companies ; to my son-inbut the ends and front have five square panels carved in law Sir Thomas Glembam, Kt. '1001. for a ring in relief, one at each end and three in front. Each panel memory of me. Whereas I have been much vexed and is about 13 in. by 11 in. These panels have each a group troubled with suits by my son Sir Peter Vanloore (Bart.), of figures."
and he bas been disobedient and undutiful to me, and I Commencing with the east end, (1) our Lord before i have been put to expense and questioned by my son-inPilate ; (2) our Saviour in the garden after the law, Sir Charles Cæsar, Kt., I have therefore given resurrection appearing to Mary Magdalene ; (3) -Register Pile 42.
nothing to them or their children by this my will." the resurrection ; (4) partly destroyed, appears to
B. W. GREENFIELD. represent the deposition from the cross (ladder, Southampton. hammer, and pincers, and probably the Blessed Virgin and St. John); (5) our Lord bearing the
I would beg to suggest to Mr. FÈRET that there cross. This,"
,” adds Bloxam, “is the only is, after, all a particle of doubt, and that the true movable Easter sepulchre of wood (for such 1 name is not "Vanlore," as given in the Fulham believe it to be) I have met with." From the
rate book, 1628–36, nor Wanlore,” as in the hood Pilate wears the author quoted would attri- Chelsea register of burials, 1636, but really "Van bute the coffer to the reign of Richard II. or the Loor,” which is unmistakably the way her husband last twenty years of the fourteenth century. No signed a deed on April 28, 1618, jointly with Sir sepulchral arches appear to be of earlier date than Baptiste Hicks (afterwards Viscount Campden). the thirteenth century.
The deed is bound up in a grangerized Faulkner's H. POSTLETAWAITE POLLARD.
'Kensington, otherwise I would with pleasure
send it for MR. FÈRET's inspection. Books and authorities on this subject are cata
FREDK. HENDRIKS. logued at gth S. i. 310.
W. C. B. Kensington. PARENTS OF BALDWIN (8th S. v. 229, 411; vi. Maid RIDIBONE (8th S. vi. 47).-The legend of 14).–Baldwin II. I now admit to have been a son Sancta Puella Ridibone, believed to be Redbourne, of Hugb, Count of Rethel, but not in deference to Herts, is given by Walsingham (edit. 1603, Frank
fort, p. 164). It is said that in the year 1344, one-third of the poem, published at a few shillings,
C. R. MANNING. look out words for others, and I do not know why
this should be expected for English any more than 325). The following is a cutting from the Daily of a Latin word, he is expected to look it out for Telegraph of July 21:
himself, As R. R. prefers passages from old "The Lady Mayoress of Manchester is shortly to be authors, the same book will provide them. I copy presented with an official collar and badge, the gift of these : Layamon, 16777 later text); Trevisa, Sir William Cunliffe Brooke, Bart. It is an example of ii. 203; 0. Eng. Homilies, i. 225, 233. British art-goldsmith work of the Tudor style, and is
As to sneeze, it is all in my ‘Dictionary.' The made of the finest wrought gold. The design consists of ten Lancaster roses, hammered in three tiers, onamelled Greek véw is to blow; the cognate A.-S. fnēosan in ruby translucent red, alternating with ten miniature is to sneeze, also to sport or puff
, as in fnæst, a cotton bales, enamelled white. These emblems are puff, blast. Hence Mid. Eng. fneosen or fnesen, united by links on the pattern of those found in an ancient cairn known as the Lucky Links of Glen Tana, Swed. fnysa. Owing to the difficulty of pronoun
to snort or sneeze ; cf. Du. fniezen, Dan. fnyse, served in the museum at Copenhagen. The badge shows cing fn, some people dropped the F, and others the armorial bearings of the city of Manchester. The turned it into s; so that freeze, neeze, and sneeze are shield, its supporters, crest, and motto (Concilio et all one word, with the various senses of sport, puff, Labore), chased in pure gold, are in their heraldic and sneeze.
If “ passages
are desired, see the colours. This official collar was made by Messrs. Phillipe, art-goldsmiths, Cockspur Street, who claim that
• Tale of Beryn,' 42; Cbaucer, 'Cant. Tales,
I say that I highly commend bis plan of reading
authors for oneself, and getting information at “ NIVELING” (8th S. v. 248, 395, 437, 493 ; vi. first hand. This is where we are quite at one, 15, 51).— It is difficult to continue this discussion, and I hope he will forgive all rhetorical expressions. as I surely do not want “to find all the fault
WALTER W. SKEAT. possible.” Far from it ; I merely thought it hard VISITING CARDS (8th S. vi. 67). --- Visiting cards that my book should be condemned without were in use at the date of 'St. Ronan's "Well, examination.
put somewhat indefinitely as the time when “the The new charge against me is that my work is Peninsular War was at its height." But they were learned and exhaustive. I fear there are errors, not then called " cards." Lady Penfeather sends and that many things are missed. I merely ex- the earl “a card for her blow-out"; but when plained what I could make out, and this is resented Captain Jekyl, of the Guards, introduces bimself as spoiling guess-work. That is no reason why I he presents с his ticket.” W. F. WALLER. should not try to do my best. There are several editions of my 'Piers Plow
Disused playing cards appear to have been man.'. The exhaustive” edition is that published utilized as visiting and also as cards of invitation for the English Text Society. The Oxford edition, à la Mode,' plate iv., painted in 1745, there are
during the last century. In Hogarth's Marriage in parallel columns, is much reduced, in the interest of the general reader, and is now being offered
* I doubt if the u means w in this word. We find at a guinea. Lastly, there is the edition of about nuel, neuelinge, nyuelinge; the u may be vocalic.
several lying on the floor. On one of them is in- half an ounce weight, but one penny per ounce was scribed, Count Basset begs to no how Lade not in force till April, 1865. Squander sleapt last nite.” N. & Q.,' 3rd S. i. The Mulready covers, which were the first issued, 267, gives two instances of their use in 1799 and were on paper manufactured by Mr. Dickinson, with 1800, in one of which the visitors are said to have three red silken cords stretched through its sub“only dropped tickets.”
stance above the design, and two in blue at the EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. lower part of the sheet, which measured nine 77, Brecknock Road.
inches by seved.
EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. I have among my autograph collections a The cover mentioned by MR. JAMES B. MORRIS quantity of the cards used by titled personages. was a mere essay," and never in use. It is unThey are almost all addressed to George Selwyn, common. MR. MORRIS will find some account of in Chesterfield Street. Many of them are written it, and other postal proposals of the 1837-40 on the backs of cards which have been used and period, in London and Westminster Review, 1840, handled at gaming clubs or at private houses ; and p. 504; Magasin Pittoresque, 1863, pp. 119, they would seem to have served the same purpose as 151, 199 ; Stamp Collector's Magazine, 1863, the cards on which ladies to-day enclose short com. pp. 37, 52, 56 ; 1868, p. 130 ; 'Catalogue of Postmunications. A few of them have the names of age Stamps,' by Mount Brown, fifth edition, 1864 ; the senders printed or engraved. These would Catalogue of Postage Stamps,' by J. E. Gray, range mostly between 1770 and 1780, and seem to fourth edition, 1866 ; Postage and Telegraph solve MR. MARCUS BRAND's question approximately Stamps of Great Britain,' by F. A. Philbrick and at least.
E. WALFORD. W. A. S. Westoby, 1881. P. J. ANDERSON. Ventnor.
Aberdeen University. GRIFFITH=GEOFFREY (8th S. v. 507). — Accord Rev. EDWARD WOODCOCK, LL.D. (8th S. vi. 28). ing to Miss Yonge, Griffith or Griffin is the - Edward Woodcock, of Corpus Christi College, Welsh equivalent for Rufus, red, and is entirely admitted M.A. at Cambridge per Literas Regias in distinct from Geoffrey or Godfry.
1762, proceeded to the degree of LL.D. in that C. E. GILDERSOME-DICKINSON.
university in 1771. He was instituted to the Eden Bridge.
vicarage of Watford, co. Hertford, July 30, 1762, DELIA BACON (8th S. vi. 47, 74).—The alleged
on the presentation of William, Earl of Essex. biography of this unfortunate lady is a mere rhap. His death is thus recorded in Gent. Mag., June, sody; indeed, it is very difficult to write seriously 1792, vol. lxii. pt. i. p. 580 :about Delia's delusions. The Bacon craze does
“June 6. At Keloton, near Bath, the Rev. Dr. Woodnot belong to the study or illustration of Shakopere parishes of St. Michael, Wood-street and St. Mary
cock, vicar of Watford, Herts, and rector of tbe united as an author, but to the criticism of his com- Steyning, in the city of London." mentators. The attempt to show that Francis
DANIEL HIPWELL. Bacon personated William Shakspere is one of those mysticisms that arise from spiritualistic in
Pin (845 S. vi. 7, 76).—Two correspondents Agences; the thing is physically impossible. There I stated that a pin represented four gallons and
have strangely misunderstood my very plain query. are some similarities in idea and diction, which half of ale ; but I wished to know why the name may be rationally explained by the assumption pin was given to that measure.
This I still wish that Shakspere saw some of the Essays ' in manu
J. Dixon. script before publication and assimilated it. Miss Bacon was probably influenced by the similarity “SYNALL” (8th S. v. 347; vi. 17). -I am obliged of her family name to do a gomething to identify to MR. ADAMS for his reply to my inquiry, but, as her personality with his lordship. Her prolusions I have in a private letter informed him, there is no appeared first in Putnam's Magazine for January, doubt as regards the correctness of the decipher1856; Mr. W. H. Smith lectured thereon in Lon ment of the word synall. The manuscript volumes don a few weeks later, and contests priority. The in which it is to be found are for the most part in lady died onder restraint in 1859, owing to dis- very legible handwriting, and when at Madras appointment in a love affair. A. HALL.
I satisfied myself that there was no possibility of AN EARLY Postal COVER (8th S. vi. 9).- The South Indian language, or in any Arabic, Persian,
a misreading. The word cannot be traced in any postal cover given in the pamphlet published by or Hindustani lexicon. It does not appear to be Sir Rowland Hill in 1837 must have been an of Dutch or Portuguese origin. illustration or specimen of one proposed for general
ARTHUR T. PRINGLE. use when the Act of Parliament (which was sub
Cheltenham. sequently passed in 1839) came into operation.
The penny post commenced on Jan. 10, 1840, CREOLE (8th S. iv. 488, 535; v. 135, 178, 277).with the uniform rate of one penny per letter of In Mauritius—which, though it has been a British
colony for nearly a century, is still practically a knowledge, but there can be little doubt that the
GEO. NEILSON. the island.
J. D. C. Glasgow, Exits=Exit (8th S. v. 248, 478).—I do not
GOLF (8th S. iv. 87, 178, 272, 297, 338, 378, 415, think that Mr. Chas. Jas. FÈRET has quite 512; V. 256, 313).—May I send a belated note on understood the point of my objection to the use of this? In Act III. of Shadwell's 'Royal Shepexits. I fail to perceive any earthly reason why herdess'a “shepherd's song" begins : the long-continued stage directions exit and exeunt Thus all our Life long we are frolick and gay, should be supplanted by a modern verb to exit,
And, instead of Court-Revels, we merrily play which your correspondent says is a recognized
At Trap, and at Keels, and at Barlibreakrun,
At Goff, and at Stool-ball, and when we have done Euglish word. If it is so, I for one have not met
Chorus—These Innocent Sports, we laugh, and lie down, with it. But even if it is, exit and exeunt are
And to each pretty Lass we give a green gown,
Bailey also has “Goff, a sort of play at ball."
The date of the Royal Shepherdess is 1669, and
the edition of Bailey which I quote is dated 1728. SHERIDAN'S 'Rivals' (8th S. vi. 87).—Mr. From this it would seem that the form golf is comCox, a great and ingenious mechanician, watch- paratively modern. Wright, in his Provincial maker, and jeweller, resided at 103, Shoe Lane, Dictionary' (Bobn, 1857), says that golf is an old Fleet Street. His collection of mechanical curi- game with a ball and club, very fashionable at the osities, consisting of fifty-six pieces, and valued at beginning of the seventeenth century. Webster 197,5001., was exhibited in 1773 and 1774 in gives the pronunciation golf, and says the word is Spring Gardens.
derived from the Danish kolf, a club or bat. Is The catalogue was entitled 'A Descriptive this etymology correct ? JAMES HOOPER. Inventory of the several exquisite and magnificent Norwich. Pieces of Mechanism and Jewellery, comprised in the Schedule annexed to an Act of Parliament,
“DEMI-PIQUE" (gth S. v. 447).-There is another made in the 13th George III., for enabling Mr. reference to this kind of saddle, which seems to James Cox, of the City of London, Jeweller, to have been adapted to chargers, in 'The Antiquary. dispose of his Museum by way of Lottery,' London, It is said of Sir Anthony Wardour, the father of 1774. The lottery commenced at Guildball, May 1, Sir Arthur, in the outbreak of 1745:1775.
“He talked much, indeed, of taking the field for the A good deal of interesting matter connected rights of Scotland and Charles Stuart; but his demi-pique with Cox's Museum will be found in ‘N. & Q.,' no means be brought to stand fire."-Chap. v.
would suit only one of his horses, and that horse could by 2nd S. iv. 32, 75 ; ix. 367 ; 3rd S. v. 305 ; vi. 46 ; ix. 91 ; 46 s. i. 271 ; 5'5 S. iv. 46, 92 ; also in and an inspection of the caparisons of the figures
I should say that a visit to the Tower of London, the Gentleman's Magazine and Annual Register? in armour there, would throw some light upon the for 1771, and Wood's 'Curiosities of Clocks and Watches,' 150-155.
point queried. No doubt in many private collec
tions such saddles may be seen. EVERARD HOME COLEMAN.
M.A. 71, Brecknock Road.
Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. “AS DRUNK AS David's sow” (8th S. vi. 88).Since sending my query I have obtained the in
TAE Queen's GREAT-GRANDSON (86b S. vi. 65). formation I require on the subject. It is not new
- It is nearly 217 years since a Duchess of York to the pages of N. & Q.,' I find; but at the time gave birth to a son. On Wednesday, November 7, of writing I was not able to consult the back 1677, the Princess Mary Beatrice d'Este, wife of volumes.
James, Duke of York (afterwards James II.), and
sister-in-law to King Charles II., was safely dePIPERDAN (8th S. vi. 89). — The site of this livered of a prince at St. James's Palace, who was battle, fought September 10, 1436, was, I believe, baptized the day following by the name of Charles, in the north of Berwickshire, within the bounds of the king himself being godfather. Although both the present parish of Cockburnspath. It is styled the parents of the royal infant were members of the by the earliest Scots authority the “conflictus de Roman Catholic Church, he was baptized with all Piperden” (Bower's Scotichronicon,' xvi. 25). the rites and ceremonies prescribed by the Book of The 'Extracta ex Cronicis,' p. 235, refers to it as Common Prayer, Dr. Crew, Bishop of Durham, “Bello Piperdene.” I regret I have no local | performing the ceremony. The nation rejoiced in
his birth, as they saw in him a probable successor of Halm's 'Griseldis!; and although we cannot rank to the throne who might prove the ancestor of a
Halm's drama very higbly, we must commend the edilong line of Protestant Stuarts. He died, how- torial labours of the professor, who gives us a lucid,
scholarly introduction and very valuable notes. The ever, on Wednesday, December 12 following, play itself is elegant and mellituous, and is, therefore, having lived exactly five weeks, and was buried well suited for Dr. Buchheim's special purpose, since it in the royal vault at Westminster the day after- is in essence a Lesedrama. Halm
has departed from the wards. He was styled Duke of Cambridge, which old Griselda legend of Boccaccio, Petrarch, and Chaucer, title had been borne by three elder brothers who and has made the evil conduct of the husband the result
of a wager with Arthur's Queen Ginevra, Halm's Perpredeceased him; but no patent of creation ever cival is no improvement upon the old Gualtiero, and the passed the Great Seal.
names of his dramatis personce comprise & singular H. MURRAY LANE, Chester Herald. mixture and jumble of Knights of the Round Table, of
Kenneth of Scotland, of Cedric, of Ronald, of Allan and RAFFLING FOR BIBLES (8th S. vi. 66). - Perhaps Athelstan, of Oriano, and the drama plays chiefly in I may be allowed to supplement your correspond
Pendennys" Castle. Halm is fortunate to bave found ent's cutting from the Standard of May 17 with such an editor as Dr. Buchheim. another from the same paper of May 21 :
Georgian Folk-Tales. Translated by Marjory Wardrop. Sir,—The Standard of Wednesday last contained a TAE “Grimm Library
starts well with this volume, paragraphe professing to give an account of the rating and we cordially wish it all success. Charmingly printed for Bibles in the church of this parish. Asa consider and bound, it is a delightful collection of tales. We able
number of people have written to me after seeing have read them through; and though they are the old, this in your columns, I shall be glad if you will allow me to say that the raffling does not take place upon the altar; dress
they are just as readable and delightful as ever. The
old favourites, in their Georgian, Mingrelian, or Gurian but upon an ordinary table, which bas been used for this purpose for some years, in the nave of the church. I devil gets outwitted, the soul resides in an object outside am, Sir, your obedient servant, Salisburg J. M. Price, through great troubles, but all ends well, and the stories
the body, beroes bave to accomplish tasks, heroines go The Vicarage, St. Ives, Hunts, May 19.
add one more point to the questions wbich have been
W, D. OLIVER. asked so many times in vain, whence they come and Comberford, Teignmouth,
wbat is their value for historical purposes. Some features are specially interesting. The pregnancy of a woman by eating an apple, the winning of a bride by
shooting an arrow, the marriage by substitute incident Miscellaneous.
in which the proxy husband places a sword between
himself and his friend's wife, and other incidents of NOTES ON BOOKS, &o.
importance, occur in these tales in somewhat different
order and significance to the more general cases. The Count Robert of Paris and The Surgeon's Daughter. By story of Ghothiga vari seems to be just starting on its way Sir Walter Scott, Bart. Edited by Andrew Lang. towards epic form, and it would be interesting if Mies (Nimmo.)
Wardrop could find out if it is arrested at its present The penultimate portion of Mr. Nimmo's noble reprint of stage or if it is still in growth. We have not been able the Waverley Novels" bas now appeared, and next to test the translations, but the language is singularly month will see the entire work in the hands of the public. frank and simple, and therefore well suited for its purNot all Mr. Lang's admiration for Scott can blind him to pose. As this is the first English collection from Georgia the fact that neither of the works now repripted is worthy it is all the
more welcome. of the Wizard's reputation. Not all the luxury of type and the excellence of the illustrations can tempt us to The Annual Register for 1893, New Series. (Loug. reread The Surgeon's Daughter,' wbich alone among mans & Co.) Scott's works bas been perused by us but once. Scenes In saying that the Annual Register' is indispensable, all and passages in 'Count Robert of Paris' dwell in the that is necessary is said. So soon as it appears the memory; but the whole is dull and uninteresting. Had labours of the editor and journalist are diminished, and it been duller than it is, it would have bad to be included the volume, with a sigh of thankfulness and relief, is in the series. Few of the novels have been better illus- placed within immediate reach. Each part of it is trated. The Rescue of Bertha by Heroward,' which is admirably done. Unlike more ambitious undertakings, the frontispiece to the first volume, is a delightfully also, the information supplied is wholly trustworthy-a spirited design, and the following pictures are not less record of fact, not a work of fiction. The obituary alone admirable. We have noted the appearance of each renders the student yeoman's service, and the splendid succeeding volume, and now that all but the entire index brings within easiest reach the stores of informaseries is before us we find no words of eulogy excessive. tion which the book contains. If a journalist or a poliThe book-lover and the connoisseur will look at no other tician is to have but one book, that book must be the edition,
* Annual Register.' Clarendon Press Series : German Classics. Edited, with MR. RUNCIMAN's article on 'Musical Criticism and the
English Notes, by C. A. Buchheim.-Halm's Griseldis. Critics,' in the Fortnightly, is readable and impertinent. (Oxford, Clarendon Press.)
As an avowal of its author's opinions with regard to his ELEGIUS FREIHEGR von MÜNCA.BELLINGHAUSEN (1806– predecessors and contemporaries it causes some amuse1871) was, under the nom de plume of Friedrich Halm, a ment. Mr. Runciman is in favour of the new criticism, prolífic and popular German dramatist, best known in this a chief function in which appears to consist of the country as author of the play which we call 'Ingomar.' arraignment of critics rather than musicians. For the Prof. Buchheim, who has rendered so many services to general public the whole matter has no special interest, Eoglish students of German, has just issued an edition A much more important contribution is an essay on