Imágenes de páginas


The quotations in illustration of that position are :

1689,* Declar. Estates of Scotl.,' April 11 (which CONTENT 8.-N° 143.

is given in extenso in Steele’s ‘Crisis '); 1735–8, NOTES :-“ Constitution,” 221 - Bunhill Fields,, 222MS: Bolingbroke, On Parties '; 1750, Chestert.

Prager Book, 223 – Brewer's Dictionary;' 224 Parlia Letters' (1744), iii. 2; 1789, Const. U.S., " Blim" – Lord Lynedoch, 225 – Sea-monster-John Smea Preamb.; 1789-92, A. Young. "Trav. France, ton, F.R.S.-A Šister of Dickens-Deadlock-Relics of 124; 1791, Paine, Rights of Man.' Charles I., 226.

There is no such terminus a quo for the meaning Domestication of swallows Disposition of Property from in this section of the great dictionary. Written the Pulpit-Coleclough of Tintern-Dr. Coyle-Pepys's documentary constitutions were no eighteenth conguage at Madrid-George Charles, LL.D., 227-Stanstead tury novelties. The portent would have been to -Poems by T. K. Hervey--Greencastle-Recent Words borrow Cicero's joke about the snake and the crowSnake Stones Hill Holding my back hand "Louis bar-the sudden bursting of a full-blown unwritten XIV. and the Pyrenees-Miss James-Deft, 228-French Illustrations-Agostino Cozza-Authors Wanted, 229.

constitution upon a startled world. The following REPLIES :-Joan I. of Naples, 229–Wolfe's Sword - Hamil- quotations have been picked up almost at random

ton's State Papers’-Sir David Rae-Sir William Rae- along the bighway of English history; and any 1 " Descamisado, 231— William Waller-Geason-Ohurches reader of 'N. & Q.' can easily add to them out

in the City of London, 232–Address Wanted-Sir Martin of his own treasury. Wright-Skull of Sir T. Browne, 233—Place-names-Pronunciation of “Hindostan"-Lemon Sole-Qucen of Sheba Taking the last reference as a starting point, I -A Pioneer Newspaper, 234—“Lengthy” - Yeoman

find the following in " A Defence of the Pamphlet Village Superstitions-Burke's 'Landed Gentry'_"Betterment." 235" Protestant "-Pharaoh of the Oppression, ascribed to John Reeves, Esq., and entitled 236–Burial in Point Lace-Robert Pollok --Abarbanel, 231 Thoughts on the Eoglish Government,' by the -Griffith, 238 — "Bullifant" – Lady Charlotte Edwin Kepler-Haggerston, 239.

Rev. J. Brand, A.M.” (aot the antiquary), 1796 :NOTES ON BOOKS :-Tomlinson's Dante, Beatrice, and “ It will be of use, therefore, to commence these

the Divine Comedy'-Hall Caine's Thé Manxman observations with a definition of the term Constitution, Maitland's Records of Parliament'-Mason's Principles in its genuine and original senge. Our Laws are divisible of Chess'-Radford's 'Shylock and Others '-Montague's into two classes : Those which relate to the subject as ‘English Constitutional History,' &c.

euch ; and those which relate to the Governors as such ; Notices to Correspondents.

or in the exercise of the functions of Government. The whole mass of the latter form the Constitution of

Government; the parts of which are found scattered up Notes.

and down in the Statute and Common Law, and the Con.

stitution is, in this sense, what is so already constituted, « CONSTITUTION" IN A POLITICAL SENSE. and nothing else.”

A glance at any book of reference (e.g., 'Cham From Reeves's “Thoughts on the English Governbers's Encyclopædia ') in which this political term ment'(1795), I may quote :is treated will show that

“ The abdication of King James the Second, and the “it is commonly understood that elsewhere than in transactions that ensued upon the vacancy thereby England) since the formation of the federal government made in the Throne......bave......been vulgarly called of the United States of America, or, at least, since the the Revolution ; upon what authority, I know not; it first French Revolution, the idea of a Constitution 'has was not so named by Parliament, nor is it a term known been generally that of a body of written public law, pro- to our Laws. This term had certainly no better origin mulgated at once by the sovereign power."

than the conversation and the pamphlets of the time.

..... Too many among us...... have no love for the ConMacaulay says ('Hist.,' i. 1);

stitution, but for that which was formed at the Revolution; “A constitution of the Middle Ages was not, like aand they are good subjects and loyal, only upon Revolution constitution of the eighteenth or nineteenth century, principles."--P. 39. created entire by a single act, and fully set forth in a “They [i. e., "the Republicans, Presbyterians, and single document......As eloquence exists before syntax, Sectaries...... who bad taken their stand among the and song before prosody, so government may exist in a Wbigs"] invented the term Revolution, to blind and high degree of excellence long before the limits of legis- mislead......and by the glorious spell of-ihe Constitution lative, executive, and judicial power bave been traced - they can conjure up any form, fashion, modification, with precision."

reform, change, or innovation in Government they please, I think it will be acknowledged by the historical and it shall still be nothing more than the genuine true student that the treatment of this word-one of nothing in itself objectionable; a plain man might the most important in the English language-in receive it without suspicion of any mischievous implicathe 'N. E. D.' is hardly satisfactory, so far as tion lurking under it. It might be understood as a short sections six and seven are concerned. Under way of speaking, for the Constitution of the Government. section seven, there is a very long editorial note to But those who introduced this mode of expression were the effect that the songe

men famous for doing nothing without desiga."-P. 45.

“But these visionary zealots were reserved for a dig. "the system or body of fundamental principles accord- grace more mortifying than this, and from a quarter ing to which a nation, state, or body politic is constituted where it was, to say the truth, not deserved, and not at and governed......gradually arose out of tho prec. be- all to be expected. We live in an age of Constitutions ; tween 1689 and 1789."

all the world are writing and talking upon Constitutione.

At this moment of culmination and triumph, the "And here it may not be amies to observe that instead Constitution-makers of France and America, baving of the old way of expression, the Laws of this Kingdom, arrived at such skill in this trade as to out-do their or nation, bis Majesty's laws, the laws of the land, or mastere, turn upon them, and tell them, The English the common law, come affect to use the word constitubave no Constitution at all !' and they follow up this tion; which in itself is no bad word, and means no other assault by attacking the Revolution itself; questioning than as before. But it is commonly brought forward and reviling it in such terms as if they would insinuate with a republican face, as if it meant somewhat exclud. that we had no more of a Revolution than of a Con- ing or opposite to the monarchy, and carried an insinua. stitution."-P, 54,

tion as of a co-ordination, or coercion of the monarchy." To digross for a moment; I am bero reminded I cannot give the page, but it may easily be found, of what the writer of the article “Constitution "in as the Examen' is indexed. But whether North the 'Penny Cyclopædia' (1837) says :

wrote that about the time of the Scottish Declara“The practice of torturing the words of all written tion, or later, it is quite certain that the term law, till in effect the law or rule is made to express the meant at that date “no other than as before." contrary of what seemed to be at first intended, appears Somers's famous tract, The Security of Englishto be deeply implanted in the English race, and in those men's Lives; or, the Trust, Power, and Duty of forms on the other side of the Atlantic. The value of all the Grand Juries of England Explained,' begins as written instruments, whether called constitutions or not, follows (I quote from the reprint of 1682. In the seems considerably impaired by this peculiar aptitude to preface to the reprint of 1766 it is stated that construe words which once seemed to have one plain • Bishop Barnet informs us that this tract was meaning only, so that they shall mean anything which written on occasion of the Grand Jary of the City the actual circumstances may require, or may seem to of London returning an Ignoramus upon a bill of require.

But to return to my task of traversing the indictment presented against Lord Shaftesbury in *N. E. D.'s' century. In Arthur Young's pamph. the year 1681 "):let • The Example of France a Warning to Eng.

The Principal Ends of all Civil Government, and of Japd' (second edition, 1793) I find the following Humane Society, were the Security of Mens Lives,

Liberties and Properties, mutual Aseistance and Help, on p. 123:

each unto other, and Provision for their common Benefit “They have been paying their incomes into the hands and Advantage ; and where the Fundamental Laws and of men who are ready to convert the interest they make Constitution of any Government have been wisely upon it to the establishment of a Convention in England, adapted unto those ends, such Countries and Kingdoms to consist of brother citizens of equality; to subecribe have increased in Virtue, Prowess, Wealth and Happi. money, food, cloatbs, and arms for the assassins and nees, whilst others, through the want of such excellent regicides of France, to enable them, by success at home, Constitutions, or neglect of preserving them, have been to subdue the vices of the British constitution, by a radical a Prey to the Pride, Lust, and Cruelty of the most reform. This supine inattention, which turns a man's Potent.” money to his own destruction, is highly reprehensible.

J. P. Owen. Let those who are real friends to the constitution, expend

48, Comeragh Road, West Kensington. their income with men whose principles are known, and not become, unthinkingly, promoters of sedition, and

(To be continued.) encouragers of republicanism.' I pass by Burke's celebrated work, and only

BUNHILL FIELDS BURIAL-GROUND: adviso tbe younger reader to study it in Mr. Payne's

REV. DR. RIPPON, edition, with its suggestive introduction and scholarly notes. See also 'Thoughts on the Pre- time in my keeping appears from its interesting

The annexed transcript of a MS. paper at this sent Discontents' (1770).

Lord Chatham, in his speech on Jan. 9, 1770, I character to merit publication in the columns of said :

'N. & Q.' Dr. Rippon's petition was presented "My Lords, it is to your ancestors, it is to the English at the meeting of the Court of Common Council barons that we are indebted for the laws and constitution held on Oct. 11, 1827 :we possess...... My lords, I think that bistory has not " To the Right Honourable Anthony Brown, Esq., done justice to their conduct, when they obtained from Lord Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commons of the City of their sovereign that great acknowledgment of national London, in Common Council assembled. rights contained in Magna Cbarta; they did not confine “ The Memorial of John Rippon, of Dover Place, in it to themselves alone, but delivered it as a common the New Kent Road, in the County of Surroy, D.D. F.A.S. blessing to the whole people."

“Showeth, - That your Memorialist many years since Bolingbroke's brilliant ' Remarks on English His. contemplated writing the History of Bunbill Fields tory' swarms with the term constitution in its Burial Ground, in the City Road (an estate which has

been for nearly two centuries in the hands of the City various bearings.

of London), and of publishing the same, with the bioReever, in the pamphlet already quoted from, graphy of several hundred of most eminent and learned refers to á ‘Discourse on the English Constitution,' persons who have been interred tbore since the year extracted from Roger North's 'Examen.' The 1665, when the same was consecrated and enclosed with *Examen' was finished in 1714, but the passage in the Mayoralty of Sir John Lawrence, Knight.'

a Brick Wall, at the sole Charge of the City of London, quoted by Reeves is probably much earlier than

" That with a view to such object, and particularly in that date :

order to avail himself of the fullest means of research as

to the families and interments connected with that and that too lineally; and also pointing out the characters cemetery, your Memoralist first of all proceeded to of letter in which they are cut; whether in Old English, obtain a copy of the Register of Burials from the time Capital, Italic, Roman, German Text, or otherwise, and of its commencement in the year 1713, which your showing whether inscribed in words at length, or conMemorialist was enabled to accomplish under the friendly tracted, and how contracted; and the same have been auspices and permission of Mr. William Mountague, the bound in six large quarto manuscript volumes in alphathen Keeper of such burial ground; and your Memorialist, betical order. with his own band, and by the dictation of bis son, Mr. " That in the course of such labour and examination, John Rippon, then a lad, then penned from the said several hundreds of tombs and head stones were found Register an Alphabetical and Chronological Copy of all to be, and have since become, quite defaced, unintelliBurials there, and down to the year 1790, consisting of gible, and incapable of future identity or use ; neverthenearly forty thousand names.

less, great numbers of them bave, during the series of “Teat in furtherance of such your Memorialist's years in which your Memorialist and bis said son have desiga, be devoted two ball-days of time weekly during continued their researches and investigation, been several summers, aided by his said son and several other capable of identity by them; and can now by their said persons, in obtaining and copying all the inscriptions manuscripts be pointed out to the descendants of the then visible on the several thousands of tombs and monu- families of any such of them who bave not become meuts placed in such ground-for the accomplishment extinct; or who, by receipts for premiums paid, and of which, and in the brusbiog, washing, cleansing, and other proofs of title in them, may have just right to their digging up of many bundreds of them which had either appropriation and use; but without whicb, however, become nearly obsolete or bad sunk below the surface of your Memorialist submits that the same will ever herethe earth, vast labour and expense were incurred.

after be worse than useless, as such monuments occupy Tbat the only aid which your Memorialist and his several hundreds of places which, in common justice, said son have over obtained in their research, has been ought to be used and appropriated for the benefit of the afforded to them by the use of a very scarce and small public, and the increase of the annual revenue of the publication of inscriptions, printed in 1717, by Mr. City of London, which would be produced from the emRichard Rawlinson, an antiquarian, and by Mr. John ployment thereof, Strype's improved and enlarged edition of Stowe's Sur

" That your Memorialist and his said son are, convey of the City of London, printed in 1720, both of sequently, able, by their said manuscripts, to point out which works, nevertheless, only contain about 150 in. and identify all such tombs and other monuments, as scriptions, and many of wbich have long since mouldered have long been, or are now incapable of identity by any into dust.

persons, except themselves, and they can likewise disa " That in order to the precise identity of all such tinguish therefrom, if necessary, all auch of them as monuments, and particularly of those nearly obsolete, have not been interred in, or used within the last three most of which were monuments for persons of the great generations, whereby the just rights of the public may est learning and celebrity, who have ever been deposited be ascertained and preserved, the eminence of the most there, your Memorialist then also identified the situations renowned depository of the dead in all Europe continued of every one of the monuments then erected and standing, and increased, and the annual revenue of the City of and at the same time corrected every manuscript inscrip: London arising from that estate must be greatly augtion taken, and inserted thereon, with his own hand, its mented. exact situation, according to certain numbers, then

" That it is the intention of your Memorialist and his recently placed on the walls, for the purpose of 'future said Son, to publish an elegant map of the ground, conascertainment of places of interment.

taining the names of all the persons upon whose tombs "That in the midst of your Memorialist's pursuit and and monuments inscriptions are now visible, in the prosecution of such intentions relative to the said history, situations which they occupy, according to the numbers and after the preparation of the biography of several placed on the walls, and likewise to publish the said hundreds of the most learned and eminent persons in History and Inscriptions in chronological and alphaterred in such ground, it pleased Divine Providence betical order, to be interspersed with the biography of sorely to afflict him in his bodily health, insomuch that the most distinguished persons whose remains have been he was for a long time in imminent danger, and his life deposited there, together with great numbers of their was despaired of; and he was also assailed by other portraits, autographs, arms, and other embellishments, considerable family afflictions, which became the occasion executed by the first artiste. of the said work being then laid aside and abandoned by

“ It is also intended to publish the said History by him.

subscription, and in parts, and to dedicate the same, if "That your Memorialist's said son, with a view to the permission be granted, to the Right Honourable the final completion of such work, has since the year 1790, con Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of the City of tinued to obtain and copy a continued Alphabetical and London." Chronological Register of the burials there, down to the

DANIEL HIPWELL. end of the last year (1826), and has also continued, from time to time, down to the same period, to obtain and copy verbatim et literatim all the inscriptions which have A MS. PRAYER BOOK OF MARY, QUEEN OF been subsequently placed on the same, and all additional Scots. In the Catholic Magazine and Review

of monuments which have been erected ; and he hath

like: November, 1831, is a very interesting account of a situation of every tomb, head and foot stone, that is now beautiful Ms. Latin Prayer Book which belonged standing there, with a view to the preparation and pub. to Mary, Queen of Scots. The writer of the lication of a map of the said ground, and of its said article, who signs M. H., says he saw this relic intended history.

“That all of such inscriptions, with their respective some time since at Cheltenham, through the kindplaces of situation, additions, and variations, have been dess of a Catholic gentleman there, in whose ascertained and examined up to the present time, de possession it war.

to describes the MS. as on signating the same as they now appear, or have appeared, vellam, splendidly illuminated and adorned with

innumerable pictures ; a small quarto, with rich “Elysabeth ye Quene's," the last word, and two crimson cover and gold clasps. He adds that it others which follow it, being nearly illegible. far exceeded in beauty all the illuminated MSS. he It may be that this volume is well known, and ever saw, and, from internal evidence, he should that it is safely housed in some great collection, judge it was written in France some 200 years but in any case I think these much curtailed before the time of Mary. He proceeds to say notes may interest some readers of N. & Q. The that it has been well ascertained ibat it was used month verses seem to me particularly curious and by the captive queen in her prison of Fotheringay, noteworthy.

JAMES HOOPER. and delivered as a legacy of departing affection to

Norwich. her faithful companion Dorothy Willoughby,

BREWER'S DICTIONARY OF PARASE AND daughter of Sir Christopher Willoughby and of Elizabeth, sister and heiress of Gilbert, Lord FABLE.'- It is a treat to find a new edition of this Talbois, of Kine, Lincolnshire.

wide-embracing work, to which querists of all The book commences with a beautiful calendar. sorts have for many years been under obligations, At the head of each month a sign of the zodiac issued in a form in which it can be easily inter is elegantly painted. The following very ancient leaved, and bound at one's discretion. and curious Leonine verses are also written at the May I make humble objection to the retention head of each month :

of the phrase à l'outrance in the part just issued ?

In former editions the phrase was given as French; January. Prima dies mensis et septima, truncat ut ensis.

it is now given as Anglo-French. I would February.

venture the assertion that it was never French, Quarta subit mortem, prosternit tertia fortem. and that now it is not even Anglo-French, though March,

in the early days of the Dictionary' it was so. An Primus mandentem, disrupit quarta bibentem.

extract from a Standard of those days is retained April. Denus et undenus est mortis vulnere plenus.

as an example. Those were the days in which May.

Taine wrote to an English paper an English letter, Tertius occidit et septimus ora relidit.

into wbich he introduced, for want of a good June.

English equivalent, the French phrase à outrance, Depus pallescit, quindenus foedera nescit.

and found when it had passed through the press July. Tredecimus mactat Julii, denus labefacta t.

the Anglo-French à l'outrance substituted. But August.

now in the office of a well-edited English paper Prima necat fortem, perditque secunda cohortem. the process would, if necessary, be reversed. HaySeptember.

ward, indeed, wrote à l'outrance in the Quarterly, Tertia Septembris et denus fert mala membris.

but it is nearly sixty years since, and I do not October. Tertius et denus est sicut mors alienus.

think the Quarterly would pass it now. November.

If we want to put on record current specimens Scorpius est quintus et tertius est nece cinctus. of Anglo-French have we not our dear old December.

chaperone, and, pace Dr. Brewer, nom de plume ? Septimus exanguis, virosus denus ut anguis.

KILLIGREW. A detailed list of various pictures in the MS. is given, and from the Litany of Saints a number of

All readers of 'N. & Qi' will observe with names not commonly met with ; among others, pleasure that the venerable Dr. Brewer is issuing Oswald, Alan, Wollepande, Agapitus, Bavo, but in this age of " up-to-dateness” it is to be

a new and enlarged edition of his valuable work; Amand, Petronilla, Amilburga, Ossatha, Tecla, Elena, Faith, Hope, Charity, and Susanna.

deplored that several old errors have been St. Thomas of Canterbury is erased, in accord

retained. ance with an order of Henry VIII. that bis name Babrios' was a Greek. Now Babrius has been shown

Thus, under “Æsop's Fables” we are told that should be blotted out from the calendar and by Crusius to have been a Roman, probably one litanies when his bones were burnt.

At the close of the office of the Passion is Valerius Babrius, tutor to Branchus, son of the a very curious antiphon, headed “Loco Salve Emperor Alexander Severus.

Ave Maria" is said to be “the first two words Regina ista Antiphona est dicenda.”

There is also a long paraphrase on every word of the angel's salutation to the Virgin Mary of the “Salve Regina” in Latin verse, preceded by (Luke i. 28). This passage as given in the Vulgate these five lines :

is Ave gratia plena ; the “Maria,” as Albertus Has videas laudes qui Sacrâ Virgine gaudes,

Magnus states, was added by the Church. Et venerando piam studeas laudare Mariam,

Under “ Avalon " we are told that the name Virginis intactæ dum veneris ante figuram,

Glastonbury "is derived from the Saxon glastn Prætereundo cave ne taceatur Ave,

(green like grass).” Prof. Skeat (introduction to Invenies veniam sic salutando Mariam.

Joseph of Arimathie,' E.E.T.S.) says that it means On the lower margin of p. 43 is written “the borough of the sons of Glæst.”


Under " Ambrosian Chant" Gregory the Great takes occasion more than once to praise that is made responsible for the introduction of writer's" refined” and “polished" style. But in Gregorian chants. There is no reliable evidence to his 'Invasion of the Crimea' there is one phraseshow that Gregory the Great took the slightest unnecessary in itself, and annoying by its repeti, interest in music, and the term “Gregorian" was tion-which I submit is both inelegant and merely used to denote the Roman method of inexact. For instance, “they were, each of them, chanting as opposed to the Ambrosian or Milan in a condition to be......rolled up."; "they weré

“It is more than probable (almost certain) neither of them on ground from which any Russian that the system of music to which St. Gregory's could be seen (1877, v. 194, 204). "To what name has, without any reason, been assigned came verbs, respectively, are each” and “neither" into existence between the eighth and tenth the nominatives ?

W, C. B. centuries” (R. O. Hope, 'Mediæval Music,' p. 54). But perhaps the most startling information

"BLIM.”—This word appears in Halliwell, contained in the first part of Messrs. Cassell's where it is explained as meaning “to gladden issue is that Thomas à Becket wrote three of the on the authority of the ' Promptorium.' It is true Arthurian romances, viz. 'The Launcelot,' The that in the Harl. MS. of this dictionary there Quest of the San Graal,' and 'The Mort d'Arthur.' occurs blym, with the Latin rendering letifico; but

E. S. A.

in the King's College MS. the word is written

blyym, and Pynson prints blithen. It is quite clear PARLIAMENTARY NICKNAMES.—The few nick that blym is due to an older reading blyym, and names by which Edmund Burke was, at various that blyym is an error for blyyin, written for blypin times during his parliamentary career, known, are (cp. the next gloss). In the Harleian and Winprobably familiar to most readers of 'N. & Q.' chester MSS. the character y frequently does duty of these Mr. Froy has recorded and explained for þ as well as y. Halliwell also cites for the some three or four in his work on Nicknames word blim a passage from Guy of Warwick,' quite and Sobriquets,' but I do not find included there unintelligible and hopelessly corrupt, and therefore among them one wbich I have recently lighted properly ignored by Dr. Murray in the 'N. E. D.' upon, to wit, the “Dinner Bell.” In an article

A. L. MAYAEW. dealing with Burke in Parliament in 'Curiosities Oxford. of Orators and Oratory, Past and Present,' the

LORD LYNEDOCH AND MRS. GRAHAM.—A fine compiler writes as follows: "One of his (Burke's) friends remarks : Though three-quarters length, in a standing posture,

portrait of Sir Thomas Grabam, the hero of Barossa, upon great occasions Burke was one of the most eloquent men that ever sat in the British senate, he had in wearing the uniform of a general officer, was painted ordinary matters as much as any man the faculty of by Sir Thomas Lawrence, and is well engraved in tiring bis auditors. During the later years of his life Chambers's Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen' the failing grew

so much upon him that he more than (vol. v.). Is it known in what collection the ori. once dispersed the House, a circumstance that procured ginal portrait is to be found ? His military career, told of a gentleman going one day into the House and a very distinguished one, originated from the meeting a great number of people coming out in a body. following circumstance. Born about 1749-50, he

Is the House up?' said he. No,' answered one of the entered the army at the mature age of forty-three, fugitives, ' but Mr. Burke is up.'

owing to his inconsolable grief at the death of his It is curious to observe how the phrase - is wife, a most beautiful woman, to whom he was up," in a parliamentary sense, persists. Even at devotedly attached. Graham fleshed his maiden this day, in the now fashionable daily “pictures of sword at an age two or three years younger than life at Westminster," the descriptive writer fre- that at which Wellington and Napoleon fought quently adverts to the excitement which prevails their last battle (Waterloo), affording a parallel to in the House when the word goes round that Julius Cæsar, whose career was political until a some one of importance “is up." In Macaulay's similar age. Graham died in 1843, at the great time things were very much the same in this age of ninety-four. respect. In a 'History of the Session 1852–3'| There is a noble portrait of Mrs. Grahamthe author makes passing reference to the effect of perhaps the chef-d'ouvre of Gainsborough, which the intelligence on members of the House when when once seen can never be forgotten – in the the word was passed, “Macaulay's up." From National Gallery at Edinburgh. She is reprethe lobby it was a veritable race by the members sented as a very beautiful woman, in the prime of towards the House when they learned Macaulay life, in a standing posture, quite life sized, perhaps was "in for a speecb.”

C. P. HALE a little larger, with her dress thrown open in order

to show the quilted satin petticoat underneath, " THEY WERE THEM."-In Mr. and in her hand she holds a fan of feathers.

The Leslie Stephen's account of the late Mr. Kinglake, glazing of the picture bas tended much to its in the 'Dictionary of National Biography,' he servation, for the colouring is remarkably




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