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many years in the neighbourhood, and has had stones of the building itself, the street front of the much to do with its development as London -is fine work of Inigo Jones at Whitehall. Genius Jobn Braithwaite, mechanical engineer, one of the recognized, and the master chimney-sweeper conifirst successful constructors of the diving-bell. By pensated for the loss of bis apprentice, the boy was its means in 1783 he rescued from the Royal educated, sent to Italy to study, and on his return George, sunk at Spithead the preceding year, employed and introduced by his patron as an imany of her guns and the sheet-anchor; and in architect. He was eminently successful, and 1788 recovered dollars to the value of 38,0001. when employed by the Earl of Chesterfield to build from the wreck of the Hartwell, lost off Boavista, bis splendid mansion-get existing in May Fairone of the Cape Verd Islands. Braithwaite died was allowed to appropriate certain

materials, which in June, 1810, at the Manor House, which for be transported to Westbourne Green, and used many years after was occupied by his son, another there in the house destined for himself. WestJobn Braithwaite, who, originally distinguished, bourne Place appears to have been built near an like his father, as a mecbanist (and as the con old " messuage of the same name, shown by structor of “the Novelty," one of the first loco- Lysons to have existed in the reign of Heory VIII. motives), became a civil engineer, when the making (see Robins's 'Paddiogton,' p. 35). Ware died of railways gave rise to that profession. The Jap. 5, 1766. His successor was Sir William Eastern Counties, now the Great Eastern, was his Yorke, Bart., a distinguished lawyer, who became principal work. The second Braithwaito appears Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, Ireland. to have vacated the Manor House about 1840, and He let the house for a sbort time to the Venetian was soon after succeeded there by William Charles Ambassador (we have not the name of His Excel. Carbonell, of the firm of wine merchants then and leacy), and in 1768 sold the property to Jukes now located in Regent Street. Mr. Carbonell did Coulson, iron merchant and eminent anchormuch towards the improvement of his resideoce, smitb," of Thames Street, who, as I have said and gave it up in 1854. The last tenant was Jobo (8h S. v. 354), spent much money on the house Humphreys, the coroner for East Middlesex; he and grounds. Coulson died at the beginning of lived here twelve years, and the Manor House, the century, and the next owner of Westbourne which holds its place on the Post Office Directory Place was Samuel Pepys Cockerell, an architect of Map of 1866, is in tbat of 1867 expunged; the considerable practice and surveyor to the East great wave of London bad swept it away.

India Company. His name came to bim through I will, if allowed, conclude iny notes on West- his mother, the daughter of John Jackson, nephew bourne Green by enumerating collectively the and heir of Samuel Pepye, the writer of the famous priocipal persons associated with its history. Con

* Diary.

Charles Robert Cockerell, the eminent sidering its small extent and seclusion before architect and author, who died in 1863, and was absorption by London, the list is not a scant one, deemed worthy of sepulture beside Wren in St. and it is certainly a witness to the former beauty Paul's, was a younger son of the above, and pro. and salubrity of the place which attracted so many bably spent his boybood here. S. P. Cockerell notable people here to seek pleasant retirement. died July 12, 1827, and a year or two later the Io the Universal Magazine of a hundred years mansion was occupied, as I bave shown (gch S. since (September, 1793), the green is described as v. 453), by General Lord Hill, the hero of Almaraz. one of those beautiful rural spots for wbich Pad and Waterloo. dington was distinguished ; the rising ground Leaving Westbourne Place and proceeding tocommanded pleasant views of Hampstead, High-wards the country, at Desborough Lodge some time gate, and “the village of Paddington,” and “as no resided Charles Kemble with his talented wife and part of London could be seen, a person disposed to children, John Mitchell Kemble, the distinguished enjoy the pleasures of rural retirement might here Anglo-Saxon scholar, Fanny Kemble (Mrs. Pierce forget his proximity to the busy bum of men." Butler), and Adelaide Kemble (Mrs. Sartoris). Hughson, however, quoting this in 1809, includes Fifty yards further up the bill was found Westin the prospect “the distant city," which had pro-bourne Farm, afterwards Desborough House, for gressed westward. The article in the magazine is twelve years the home of Mrs. Siddons, and twents. accompanied by a view of Westbourne Place. eight years later of Charles James Mathews and

Isaac Ware, the builder of Westbourne Place, Lucia Elizabeth Vestrie. Then, crossing the canal, was eminent as an architect and as an exponent was reached the Manor House associated with the of Palladio, whose works be edited in Eoglish. Braithwaites, father and son, both great engineers. His career had an interesting, though perhaps not To these may be added the Marquis of Buckinguncommon origin ; the story is related in Nol- ham, George Nugent-Temple-Grenville, a promi. lekens and his Times,' by J. T. Smith, 1828. A nent politician of his time, and twice Lord Lieuthin, sickly little chimney-sweeper was one morning tenant of Ireland, who is said in the article of the observed by a gentleman of taste and fortune Universal Magazine above quoted to have at that drawing with a piece of chalk, on the basement period (1793) occasionally occupied a farmhouse

close to Mr. Coulson's mansion. Could this have ouch of gold with a sapphire in the middle, worth been Westbourne Farm; or was there another house 158.” A little to the south of Westbourne Place ? If, IV. i. 21.–As this expression still remains a indeed, the "cottage” which later Mrs. Siddons puzzle, and as it is better to have a poor interprefound necessary to enlarge, the master of Stowe tation of a passage than none at all, I venture to must have experienced but narrow accommodation suggest that there is a play on the word pound in his quarters at Westbourne Green.

intended, and that the line should read :Thus the list is no mean record, comprehending Ay, buy a thousand pounds a year; ay, buy a rope. as it does Isaac Ware, Sir William Yorke, the

The mention of a rope may bring to Dromio's Venetian Ambassador, Jukes Coulson, the two remembrance the beatings that he is constantly Cockerells, Lord Hill, the Kembles, Mrs. Siddons, receiving, and he may think that when the rope is Charles James Mathews, Madame Vestris, the bought he is sure to get a taste of it for his wages two Braithwaiter, and the Marquis of Buckingham. iv. 30-40). He therefore rubs his shoulder as Tradition, moreover, claims as sometime residents he departe, and mutters the words to bimcell. The at Westbourne Green, Ben Jonson, General Iretor, objection to this explanation is that there is no General Desborough (to whom in previous mention substantive corresponding to the verb pound= I did not give full rank), and Giulia Grisi, of Ita- to beat. "A thousand pound” was a common lian Opera fame, wbich gifted lady is reported to expression, and it may be that it is a slip of the have at one time occupied ebe cottage formerly Mrs. pen for "a thousand marks "—the mark being Siddoos's.

W. L. ROTTON.

often mentioned in this comedy, but the pound 27, Elgin Avenue, Westbourne Green (now Park).

never, except in this instance. In any case it looks as if “I” should be printed ay..

IV. iii, 25.SHAKSPEARIANA. *TAE COMEDY OF ERRORS,' II. i. 109-115.-them a sob and 'rests them.”

The man, sir, that, wben gentlemen are tired, gives Could not a more satisfactory emendation of this passage than that osually adopted be obtained bip to "fob," but neither of the words makes any

The Folio bas “gob,” which is similar in MS. taking “and no to be a misprint for "away 80

"? “That others touch” may be an error for that there was a pun intended (cf. 'Romeo,' II. iv. 35)

sense of the passage. As it is very likely that soffers touch,” but it is not necessary to alter the it is possible that “form” has been changed to text here :

fob,” either in transcribing (through “fobbe"), I see the jewel best enamelled

or through the word having been imperfectly Will lose his beauty; yet the gold bides still That others touch, and often touching will

beard, "gives them a form and rests them." OF Wear gold away; '80 man that bath a name course, this conjecture implies that in ShakeBy falsehood and corruption doth it shame: peare's time a warrant was produced when an Since that my beauty cannot please his eye, arrest for "overrunning the constable” was made, I'll weep what's left away, and weeping die.

or, if not a warrant, a document containing a stateUnder the metaphor of the jewel is Adriana ment of the amount of debt due. I have not alluding to her husband or to berself? She says noticed that Shakespeare uses form elsewhere above that a look of his would soon restore her in the sense of document, but it is so used in Mar. beauty; and it may be her meaning is that she is lowe's 'Edward II.':the jewel that has lost its enamel, yet the gold

Lancaster, Here is the form of Gaveston's exile ; (herself) remains; but as often touching gold May it please your lordship to subscribe your name. wears even it away, eo ber husband's treatment of Archbishop. Give me the paper. Act I. sc. iv. ber will wear her down to the grave. In this case, IV. iii. 13.-Dromio would be astonished to 1). 112, 113 would be a parenthesis. Her emotion find bis master unattended by the sergeant, so it increases towards the end of the scene, which is probable that his question should read,“ Where would lead to her thoughts being expressed some have you got the picture," &c. G. Joicey. what disjointedly.

Is the Henry Irving edition correct in taking 'Two GENTLEMEN OF Verona,' II. iii. 30.“ jewel enamelled” to be a piece of enamelled “ Now come I to my mother : Oh that she could speak substance in a gold setting, and not an ornament now like a would-woman.”—First Folio. of gold overlaid with some delicate ornamentation ? The Globe, following Theobald, substitutes In Mr. Boyle's 'County of Durham' (p. 310) it is “wood” for “would "; but why should Launce quoted that Edward II., visiting Durbam, offered wish that the shoe (which, as representing his at St. Cathbert's shrine "an ouch of gold mother, he speaks of as “sbe") could speak like enamelled, worth 20s." This seems to describe an a mad woman ! A far slighter change in the ouch covered with edamel, for the other ouches origioal text gives a far more appropriate meaning. offered by the king, all of which bore stones, are I think we should read, “Oh that she could speak described as having the stone in the middle, now like as would woman." No doubt the ex

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pression is colloquial. It is all the fitter for the meet," upon which Lilith went over to the enemy, mouth of Launce.

whom she sorely tried. She had 480 troops of II. iv. 196.

devils under her control. Is it mine, or Valentine's praise ?

Touching the Devil's mother, there is an old It is strange that this manifestly defective line

French saying, should persistently bold its place in the text, when

Où le diable ne peut aller, the cause of misprint is so obvious, and the emen

Sa mère tabcbe d'y mander. dation so simple. Most certainly, as I think, we The comparison "moucher la chandelle comme should read :

le diable moucha sa mère" has reference to a man Is it mine eyne, or Valentinus' praise ?

named Le Diable, who, on the point of being “ Eyne” has been lost through absorption by in the farewell kiss, to mark his sense of the bad

executed for his crimes, bit off his mother's nose the cognate. The full form

St. SWITHIN.
pecessary to complete the verse, occurs elsewhere training she had given him.
in the play at I. iii. 68,-

Shakspeare mentions the devil and his dam
With Valentinus in the emperor's court.

many times. In 'Titus Andronicus' Aaron calls
What, Proteous asks himself, can excuse his in. Tamora the devil's dam, because she is the mother
fidelity to Julia ? Is it what he himself has seen of a black child. In 'King John' Constance
of Silvia's superior beauty; or wbat he has heard says:
from Valentine in her praise ?

Being as like
R. M. SPENCE, M.A.

As rain to water or devil to his dam.
Mange of Arbuthnott, N.B.

All this is fatal to the conjecture of MR. COL-
LINGWOOD LEE that “ dam

means dame. MEASURE. FOR MEASURE,' II, i.

E. YARDLEY.
O thou caitiff ! 0 thou varlet !
O thou wicked Hannibal !

CHURCHES IN THE CITY OF LONDON.
It is Elbow, the “ poor Duke's Constable,” who
thus rates the clown for saying that his (Elbow's) old London now passing away. My letter does

One feels indebted for any account of the bits of wife was "respected with him before he was not go into destruction, but alterations and repairs. married to her."

Shakespeare is generally rough on constables, Having been born within the sound of Bow bells, and Elbow is a veritable Mrs. Malaprop all through anything relatiog to the City churches I take the the play, and especially in this scene. He brings deepest interest in, more particularly so St. Marybefore Angelo, "two notorious benefactors, precise

le-Bow, Cheapside. villains, void of all profanation in the world that side perished, and with it the churches of all

In the Great Fire of London, 1666, all Cheapgood Christians ought to have.” * Hannibal" is malaprop for “cannibal,” and is

hallowes Honey Lane, St. Pancras Soper Lane, so explained in my old Shakespeare,

and St. Mary-le-Bow, all of which three parishes Inquiring for any other interpretation of the being subsequently united, the new edifice in term is something like inquiring whether the Cheapside was appointed the parish church. For Nurse's husband in Romeo and Juliet' had been a period of over thirty-six years I was on and off really a merry man ” or not.

church warden and overseer of St. Pancras Soper J. StandiSU HALY.

Lane. I remember the heavy gales which passed Temple,

over the City in November, 1877, doing so much

damage to the vane, the celebrated "dragon," of 'THE DEVIL AND HIS Dam” (8th S. iv. 442; St. Mary-le-Bow Church, that it was thought V. 442).- Under the heading 'Devil beats bis advisable by the united vestries to have it reported Wife' some instructive articles may be found upon; and the result was that it was ordered to 4th S. vi. 25, 400 ; vii, 273, 356. To my thinking be taken down. This was done under the superthere can be no doubt that originally * dam," in intendence of Messrs. Procter & Co., engineers, the phrase cited above, meant wife, and not mother. and when it was at their establishment I received When hoary tradition was lost sight of, and the a note from those gentlemen :current meaning of “dam," only, remembered by Mr. Tegg.

December 11, 1877. writers, the other signification may have been DEAR SIR, -On repairing the ball of the vane of Bow attached to it. According to some, Satan had Church wo find the name of Tegg on it

. Supposing four wives—Lilith, Lamech's daughter Naama, might like to see it; if so, please call at our works by 11 Igereth and Machalath. Lilith is best known to o'clock in the morning, as we are going to gild to-morrow. She is said to bave been the first wife of -Yours, &c.,

PROCTER & Co. Adam, simultaneously created ; but her temper Turnagain Lane, Farringdon Street. was such that the grand forefather could not put In 1819 a committee was appointed to inquire up with her, and Eve was given him as an help and report upon the state of the spire. It was

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found to be so bad that George Gwilt, Esq., archi

Mrs. Susannah Scrimshaw tect, was commissioned to undertake its rebuild.

died 11th of December, 1782 ing. The late Mr. Tegg was on the committee,

aged 69.

WILLIAM Tega. and no doubt, upon the completion of the work, be being a very active member and churchwarden, his

13, Doughty Street, W.C. name was placed on the ball. I may say the

ARCHIEPISCOPAL ENGLISH. — The “Form of dragon measures 8 ft. 8 in. in length, the beigbt of Prayer and Thanksgiving " used on the first of this the church, with spire, 235 ft. Sir C. Wren pro month in Church of England places of worship in vided in building the belfry for twelve bells, but celebration of the birth of a prince who is proonly eight were furnished during his lifetime, four bably destined to become our king, is so remarkbeing added from time to time, the last two treble able a specimen of the Queen's English that I bells in 1881. Old Stow records that they set up wonder its phraselogy has called forth no comment. this rhyme :

Surely “Cbristianly trained,” if English, is clumsy Clarke of Bow Bells with the yellow lockes,

Eoglish. In "Quicken in us all dutiful affections For the late ringing, thy head sball have knocks.

to our Sovereiga Lady the Queen," the “all” is To which the clerk humbly replied,

somewhat ambiguous. The phrase “Make her Children of Cheape, hold you all still,

Royal House true lovers of thy people For you shall bave the Bow Bells rung at your will. grammatical, but it is bardly felicitous. The

If my memory serves me, the dragon of Bow hypercritical will see other blemishes in this short Church and the grasshopper of the Royal Exchange composition; e. g., while" Son”. (i.e., the infant

" thee" and were also in Messrs. Procter's yard, both under prioce) bas a capital initial letter, going repairs caused by the storm in 1877. One

"thou,” addressed to God, have small initials.

cannot be of Mother Shipton's prophecies states that when Such a document as this' “ Form the dragon of Bow Church and the grasshopper of classed with such ephemeral compositions as the Exchange shall meet the London streets would prayers written for occasional services, for the bo deluged with blood.” The old lady here is a &c. It is historical, and should have been written

laying of foundation stones, the launching of ships, little out.

House No. 2, Bow Lane.—This house, formerly in pure and simple language. I submit that it is two, was left to the rector and churchwardens by not such an example of the English of our day as the will of John Dod, dated in 1479, and proved deserves to be handed down to posterity.

HENRY ATTWELL. in the Court of Hustings, for the maintenance of

Barnes. Bow bells, whicb, after the death of a person therein named, testator directed to be rung nightly William Day, BISHOP OF WINCHESTER. - All at 9 P.M.

the biographers of this prelate appear to have been Those who know Bow Church will have noticed unaware of the fact that on Aug. 29, 1569, he was the balcony under the clock. That balcony carries instituted to the rectory of Lavenham, in Sufwith it one of the most pleasing reminiscences of folk, on the presentation of the queen. Canon London pageantry.

On all Lord Mayors' days Venables, in his memoir of Day in the Dictionary and those of civic processions this was the position of National Biography,' has omitted to mention of honour for royalty to view them from.

that the bishop was the author of “Narratio de During the alterations in the interior of St. Mary- Festivitate D. Georgii in reginali Palatio Westle-Bow Church, Aug. 21, 1878, the workmen came monasteriensi per Reginam Elizabetham Ordinis across five coffins in the centre aisle.

ejusdem Divi supremam, Commilitonesque plures, Mr. Smith and myself, church wardens of St. die 22 mensis Aprilis, anno regni sui 26 (1584] Pancras Soper Lane, proceeded to the church, and celebrata.” In Harleian MS. 304, f. 144. after inspecting the coffins, ordered them to be

THOMPSON Cooper, F.S.A. carefully removed and placed in the crypt. One coffin being all broken, we ordered the remains to

JEWS AND PLACE-NAMES. Several Jewish be gathered up and placed in another coffin,

putting families in England, mostly of foreign extraction, the plates with the inscriptions outside.

derive their surnames from localities abroad, such The following are the inscriptions on four of as Berlin, Emden, Frankfort, Hamburg, &c. the coffins :

Frequently an er is added, as in Berliner, HamMr. Anthony Harrison

burger, and such like. English towns and cities Died Sept. 1st, 1773.

are almost unknown. London as a surpame is Mrs. Sarah Harrison

common enough, but is foreign in this respect. Died Dec. 3rd, 1772

Some early ancestor resided there once, but quitIn her 70th year,

ted the capital, proceeding abroad, dropping his William Charles Bird

ordinary name, and substituting his old home. died Sept. 18th, 1758

His descendants retained the appellation in their In the 29th year of his age.

native place, and continued to use it on their

arrival in this country. In our national records— miserable world.” Ay, it's a varsal world," those that relate to events occurring in Eogland be has been the reply in answer to the announcement fore the expulsion of the Jews in 1290—numerous of some disagreeable tidings. place-names are mentioned. I bave noted Abra

F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. ham Dorking, Bodenfant Sagmoor (Sedgemoor),

ANIMALS EMPLOYED AS THIEVES AND BORIsaac Polet and Pulet (Oxon.), Isaac Suwerk (Southwark), Jacob Burlingbam, Vives Grenefield,

GLARS. (See gib S. v. 366.)-MR. WALLER's note and others.

M. D. Davis.

on Poe prompts me to inquire what animals bave

been employed in fiction or in fact as thieves or AGES OF ANIMALS.—The founder of N. & Q.' burglars. MR. WALLER, in his pote, seems to did a great service to his fellow creatures when by show that the employment of a baboon in the his work on “The Longevity of Man' he showed capacity of a thief actually occurred in 1834; but I the baselessness of many of the well-known stories doubt the correctness of the statement that the regarding very old men and women. It is much baboon had been taught to "burgle.” In The to be desired that some one would give us in a Lenton Croft Robberies,' investigated by Martin similarly popular form an account of what is really Hewitt, in the Strand Magazine for March last koown as to the ages attained by some of the (pp. 308-321), the agent of the robbery is disbigher animals. I am led to make this remark by covered to be a “parrot” belonging to the secrehaving come upon the following passage relating tary of Sir James Norris. The jackdaw of Rheims to the age of the horse :

has earned a world-wide reputation, and moreover “M. Pessina computes the natural age of the horse at points a moral in the shape of the adornment of a thirty. We have several instances in this country of bedraggled tail. The number of animals capable of horses living to beyond forty; and Mr. Percival produces being so employed is, I imagine, very limited ; but the well-authenticated one of the Mersey and Irwell the subject is one of some interest. A. C. W. Navigation horse that died at sixty-six."-Sporting Magazine, 1829, vol. xxiii. Now Series, p. 217.

St. SWITHON.—The spelling of this saint's dame I do not know who the Mr. Percival was who is inquired after, under_another heading, in is here quoted. It would be interesting to ascer-'N. & Q.,' ante, p. 15. The A.-S. spelling was tain in what the testimony consisted which he "Swith-hun," as in Ælfric ; for the obvious reason regarded as authentic.

K. P. D. E. that it was compounded of swath (strong) and

hiin (Bavage). One h was dropped (like the VANISHING LONDON.

one t in eightth) because it looked odd. The “Another relic of old London is about to be handed spelling "Swithin" arose from loss of the etymoover to the bousebreakers.' The Goose and Gridiron, a logy and indistinctness of speech ; it has nothing tavern to Londou House Yard, rich with old-world as80 to recommend it except that it is much in vogue. ciations, is coming down to make room for some modern structure. It was in this hostelry that the workmen

WALTER W. SKEAT. received their wages during the rebuilding of St. Paul's Cathedral, and here it was that the St. Paul's Free: cutting from the Evening Post (Jersey) of Feb

EARLY Milliner's BILL.- The following is a master for thirteen years, held its meetings. Before it ruary 27:became the Goose and Gridiron the house was known as “ The earliest specimen of a milliner's bill bas just the Mitre, and was the first music house in London. been discovered on a chalk tablet at Nippur, in Chaldea. Robert Herbert, who was sworn servant to His The inscription enumerates 92 robes and tunics, 14 of Majesty,' kept the house prior to 1664, when he enter which were perfumed with myrrb, aloes, and cassia. The tained his visitors with good liquor and music, as well as date of this curious relic of antiquity cannot be later than with a curious museum of natural rarites collected with 2,800 years before the Christian era. great industrie, cost, and thirty years' travel into foreign

CELER ET AUDAX. countries. Among the treasures belonging to the old Goose and Gridiron are three beautifully carved mabo HANDSH AKING.-An incident in the assassinagany candlesticks given by Sir Christopher Wren, together tion of President Carnot illustrates in a curious with the trowel and mallet used by him in laying the way the significance of the custom of handsbaking, first stone of the cathedral in 1675."- Nerocastle Weekly Chronicle, June 2.

now so greatly fallen into abuse. Originally a JOSEPH COLLINSON.

ceremonial token of confident friendship-or, at Wolsingham, co. Durham.

least, friendliness—the clasp of the right hand has

become degraded by incessant use in canvassing “VarsaL WORLD.”—These words are, I dare and other democratic proceedings. By the insay, familiar to most of your readers as having tensely tragic circumstance at Lyons we been used by the Nurse in 'Romeo and Juliet,' suddenly reminded of the true nature of the II. iv., when she remarks, with respect to Juliet's pledge, namely, that when two persons meet, each not favouring the suit of Paris, " But I'll warrant surrenders his right hand (the weapon wielder) you, when I say so, she looks as pale as any clout into the grasp of the other's right hand, thereby in the versal world." I have heard the expression giving practical and physical surety of amity, used in Lincolnshire, but as equivalent to "a President Carnot allowed every one of the

are

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