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his party go out."-Lytton, England and the English,' On this election being declared void. Illustrations of Character,' “ Tom Whitehead" (the William Cotesworth

80 Preface is dated July, 1833).

Hon. Philip Bertie ...

60 * Two causes militate against the compact solidity of 1713 Richard Wynn

130 this democratic body; corruption is the firet. A second

Henry Heron

101 caure is to be found in the establisbment of Political

William Cotesworth

6L Unions, or combinations under whatever name—Chartist, 1729 Vice Henry Pacey, dead. Radical, or Conservative."--Ibid., p. 274.

Lord Coleraine

71 Hookbam Frere uses the term, as that of his

Wood

46 own party, at about the same date as my last

Langton

16 quotation. He subsequently said, however, that

Marten

13 a Conservative was a Tory who was ashamed of Polls in Smith, 1719, 1722, 1747, 1780, 1784, 1790, 1796, his Dame (I am relying on memory).

1802, 1803, 1806, 1807, 1812 (two), 1818, 1820, 1826, 1830,

1831, J. P. OWEN.

Grantham. 48, Comeragh Road, West Kensington.

1710 Sir William Ellis, Bart.
Marquis of Granby....

176 Sir John Thorold, Bart.

175 POLLS AT PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS

On petition Thorold vice Granby.
BEFORE 1832.
1714 Edward Rolt

302 (Continued from 8th 8. v. 204.)

John Heathcote

195 Leicestershire. Andrew Hacket

147 1702 John Wilkins 2475 1722 Francis Fisher

186 Hon. John Verney ...

2457
Viscount Tyrconnel

166 Lord Sherrard

2054
Edward Rolt

156 Lord Roos

2020

Polls in Smith, 1796, 1802, 1807, 1818, 1820 (two), 1826, Polls in Smith, 1719, 1741, 1775, 1818, 1830.

1830, 1831. Leicester.

Grimsby. 1654 William Stanley

Polls in Smith, 1700, 1701, 1702, 1705, 1710, 1713, 1741, Sir Arthur Hazlerigg, Bart.

35 1784, 1790, 1796, 1802, 1807, 1812, 1818, 1820, 1826, 1830, Grey

1831 (two), Francis Hacker

2

Lincoln,
James Winstanley

1688 Sir Henry Monson, Bart.
Cornelius Burton

Sir Christopber Nevill, Knt.
Sir Thomas Meres, Knt.

9 1656 Sir Arthur Hazlerigg, Bart.

53

Monson and Nevill are said to have polled each more
William Stanley

tban 200.
Lord Grey
James Winstanley
1713 Thomas Lister

392 John Sibthorpe

304 1658 William Stanley

55
Richard Grantham

232 Sir Arthur Hazlerigg, Bart.

51 Thomas Pochin

541 21 1727 Sir John Monson, Bart. Charles Hall

362 Richard Ludlam

Sir John Tyrwhitt, Bart. ...

329 1660 John Grey

63 Thomas Armstrong

47

1723 Vice Monson, created Lord Monson, Sir Arthur Hazlerigg, Bart.

257 20

Sir John Tyrwhitt, Bart.
Charles Monson

221 1722 Lawrence Carter

795 Sir George Beaumont, Bart.

509 766

1734 Charles Monson Thomas B. Skrymsher

461 660

Coningsby Sibthorpe

Thomas Chaplin 1734 Sir George Beaumont, Bart.

1080 George Wright

635 1028 1754 Hon. George Monson Walter Ruding

617 704

Jobn Chaplin
William Hewitt

436
264
Robert Craoroft

733 1737 Vice Beaumont, dead.

1761 Hon, George Monson

486 James Wigley

993

Coningsby Sibthorp Walter Ruding

373 654

Lister Scrope Polls in Smith, 1705, 1754, 1768, 1790, 1796, 1800, 1802,

Polls in Smith, 1741, 1747, 1768, 1774, 1780, 1790, 1806, 1807, 1812, 1826.

1808, 1818, 1820, 1826.

Stamford.
Lincolnshire.

Polls in Smith, 1734, 1809, 1812, 1818, 1830, 1831, 1705 George Whichcote ...

2492 Hop. Albemarle Bertio

Middlesex.

2373 Hon. Lewis Dymoke

720 1679 Sir William Roberte, Bart.

1990 Sir John Thorold, Bart.

670 1742

Sir Robert Peyton, Kot.
Sir Francis Gerard, Bart.

100 Polls in Smith, 1721, 1724, 1807, 1816, 1818, 1824.

Sir William Smith ...
Boston.
1681 Sir William Roberts, Bart.

1054 2711 Vice Hon. Peregrine Bertie, dead.

Nicholas Raynton

874 William Cotosworth

125
Middleton

607
Hon, Philip Bertie ...
60 Sir Charles Gerard, Bart. ...

415

216

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1695 Sir John Wolstenholme, Bart.

974 belief that cokinus or cockney could be derived Edward Russell Sir Charles Gerard, Bart...

964 from any other word than the Latin coquinus. 658

The wardrobe accounts called the officer in question Ralph Hawtrey

612

a coquinus, or cockney, because he had something to 1701 Warwick Lake

902 John Austen

869

do with the king's kitchen, that is, the king's Sir John Wolstenholme, Bart.

862 kitchen supplied the man's dinners. Possibly the Hugh Smithson

848 cockney helped occasionally in the kitchen or at Scorie Barker

214 meals ; in any event, his name had something to Sir John Bucknall, Knt. 212 do with the royal kitchen,

a part 1702 Warwick Lake

1175 of the king's household, but held a subordinate Hugh Smithson

1159 Sir John Wolstenholme, Bart.

position that made letter carrying a proper em

1127 John Austen

114 ployment. Being employed at court, the cockney 1705 Scorie Barker

1657

would be well dressed, perhaps a little affected in Sir John Wolstenholme, Bart.

1630 bis speech, and not always a sturdy Englishman. Warwick Lake

1349 The wardrobe accounts call him cockney in good Hugh Smithson

1336 faith; the men of London would call him cockney 1714 Hon. James Bertie ...

1604 in derision; English speech followed suit. Cockney Hugh Smithson

1553

originally meant a courtier who had his meals from Sir John Austen, Bart.

1330 Henry Barker

1325

the king's kitchen, and tried to be a swell on that 1722 Hon, James Bertie

account. In French he became a mere scamp; in

1800 Sir John Austen, Bart.

967

English he remained an effeminate person that Henry Barker

908 loves to bask in the sunshine of real or pretended Sir George Cook, Knt.

662 noblemen.

C. W. ERNST. William Withers

228 Boston, Mass. 1727 Hon. James Bertie...

1410 Francis Child

1305 “PUNCA.”—In the diary of Henry Teonge, Lord Paget

1039 chaplain on board H.M. Ships Assistance, Bristol, Henry Barker

1074 Pollo in Smith, 1740, 1747, 1749, 1768 (two), 1769, 1784, 1675, is the following entry :

and Royal Oak (1675-9), under date of June 1, 1802, 1804, 1806, 1807, 1820.

W. W. BEAN. Omnia mea mecum portans I take water, and com 4, Montague Place, Bedford Square.

on board the ship Assistance (then still in the Longe

Reach); drank part of three boules of punch (a liquor (To be continued.)

very strange to me), and so to bed in a cabin so much

out of order that when I thought to find my pillow on “COCKNEY.”—Better men than I have looked the topp. I found it slipt between the coards and under into the origin of the esteemed cockney, but with the bed." indifferent success. If the ' New English Diction. In a note on this entry the editor observes :ary' and Prof. Skeat will forgive me, I shall think “ In Fryer's Travels to the East Indies' (1672), we that the cockney is named after something nearer bave the following account of our mixture called punch : London than the Welsh language and the lord of die Goa, with which the English on this coast make that hens. Here is my reason. In that book dear to enervating liquor called paunch (which is Indostan for those engaged in postal studies, the "Report from five) from five ingredients, as the pbysicians name this the Secret Committee on the Post-Office,' printed composition Diapente or from four things Diatessaron.' in the Parliament Papers of 1844, Sir Francis Pal.

JNO. H. grave, ever happy in such things, printed a series Willesden Green, N.W. of wardrobe accounts from the thirteenth century. These accounts, written in Latin, called the persons

THE SKULL OF SIR THOMAS BROWNE.—The who carried the court letters by a series of graded following statement appeared in the Yarmouth names. The chief letter carriers were called nuncius. Mercury of Dec. 23, 1893, and I have been waitThe men next in order were the cokinus, the garcio, ing to hear some further account of it ; but as the the valetus, and others. The cokinus disappeared matter seems to be at rest, I venture to send it to with the thirteenth century. But in that century 'N. & Q.':he is frequently mentioned by the wardrobe " The Skull of Sir Thomas Browne. — Considerable accounts ; and generally as a letter carrier. In interest has been excited in Norwich by a dispute con other words, the court officer who carried the cerning the skull of Sir

Thomas Browno, the writer of king's letters to the king's friends and the members of St. Peter Mancroft Church, about a couple of cen

Religio Medici.' His body was interred in the chancel of the royal family was called cockney. It is not turies ago; and in 1840 some workmen, in digging a reasonable to think that in the thirteenth century vault, broke the lid of the coffin. The remains were the word cockney can have

been a term of reproach. examined by a local antiquary, who ordered the coffin It denoted a trusty officer at the king's court; and that the sexton took possession of the skull

, which was very cogent reasons must be alleged to support the purchased by a celebrated Norwich surgeon, and on his

death was handed over to the Norfolk and Norwich rendered him incapable of doing his duty. The Hospital Museum, where it now remains. Recently the officers and sailors were unable to manage the ship, attention of tbe Vicar of St. Peter was called to the cir.

so the captain placed the command of the vessel in cumstances, and naturally regarding the removal as an act of desecration and dishonour, the vestry requested the hands of the count. Two days later they saw the Hospital authorities to restore the skull of this illus- land, which the sailors said was Sachalin. 'Here trious man to its resting place. This application, how he wished to stay, ostensibly to repair the damage ever, has been refused; and at another vestry meeting done to the ship, really to endeavour to escape it was agreed by eight votes to six, that no further steps from slavery. "All the rhetoric I could use was should be taken. The vicar bas expressed his intention of consulting Sir Walter Pbillimore on the matter."

incapable of prevailing over the crew, who...... W. B. GERISH.

obliged me to bear away from the coast of Korea" Great Yarmouth.

(he means Sachalin). He continues “It was in

vain that I made use of iron and garlic to falsify THE TEMPERATURE OF A PLACE WHEREIN ONE the compass." In a note (p. 114) the editor LIES DEAD.-In a nurse's story given in J. K. remarks :Jerome's "Novel Notes' (p. 199), occurs the fol " This so-called stratagem, or ruse, is difficult to come lowing remark :

prehend. How iron and garlic could falsify the compass "In that part of the country where I was born and

more_than use of iron alone is decidedly puzzling. grew up, the folk fay that wherever the dead lie, there The Freuch text is : « J'employai inutilement le fer et round them, whether the time be summer or winter, the l'ail pour donner une fausse inclination à l'aiguille de la air grows colder and colder, and that no fire, though you been an abbreviated hieroglyphic for l'aimant' or

boussole......' It is just possible the l'ail' may bave pile the logs half-way up the chimney, will ever make it pierre d'aimant,'

a magnet or loadstone." warm." ST. SWITHIN.

PAUL BIERLEY. THE QUEEN'S GREAT-GRANDSON. It seems

“ BONESHAW.”-For this word, see the 'New worth noting that this is, as I believe, the only English Dictionary.' Dr. Murray does not give time in British history that four generations, three the etymology of the latter syllable. direct heirs in succession to the throne of England

Shaw corresponds to a Norse skag.. The Icel. have been alive at the same time. Even had the skaga is to project, stick out, and skagi is a proPrincess Charlotte and her babe lived, there was, of jection of almost any kind; see Norweg. skage, course, the possibility that in case of Queen Bb., anything that sticks out; and see Rietz Caroline's death George IV. might have married (Swedish Dialect Dictionary'). again and a prince might have been born who

Hence boneshaw, or sciatica, was supposed, oriwould have superseded the princess; but here we

ginally, to be caused by some sort of lump on the have, as I believe, a perfectly unique event in bone. This is not trạe, so far I know, but was a English history. The only corresponding circum- patural idea. In modern times, the sense of shar stances, so far as I know, are that of (in France) being lost, it has been altered to shave; as if the Louis XIV., who died in 1715; his son, Louis le disease were due to a scraping of the bone. But

in Somersetshire the word still means Dauphin, died 1711 ; his grandson, Louis, Duke

an horny of Burgundy, died 1712; his great-grandson, Louis,

excrescence on the heel of a borse." Precisely so.

WALTER W. SKEAT. Duke of Adjou, born 1710, succeeded to the throne on his great-grandfather's death as Louis XV.; and ST. BENNET's, Paul's WHARF. — In going in our own time, in Germany, that of the Emperor through the original allegation books of the Bishop William, who died 1888; bis son, afterwards the of London, I am struck by the number of marEmperor Frederick; his grandson, the present riages to be solemnized at this church. The reason, Emperor, whose son, the present Crown Prince, I suppose, was its then proximity; the parties were was born in 1882. In each case the four genera- either in a desperate burry or unable to select a tions were soon broken. Absit omen.

hymeneal altar, and the officials would naturally CHARLOTTE G. BOGER. choose the nearest. Any way, St. Bennet's register St. Saviour's.

should be interestiog, for the couples came from all parts.

C. E. GILDERSOME-DICKINSON. IRON AND GARLIC TO FALSIFY THE COMPASS.

Eden Bridge. -Count Benyowsky ("The Memoirs and Travels of Mauritius Augustus, Count de Benyowsky, LANGDALE'S 'SYSTEM OF SAORTHAND,' - In edited by Capt. 8. P. Oliver) states in chap. iii. that most modern lists of shorthand inventors there he and other exiles embarked at Ochoczk in the occurs the name of Langdale, who is said to have $t. Peter and St. Paul for Kamchatka, and that published his system in the year 1825. His name during the voyage they encountered a most vio- is duly chronicled in Julius Ensign Rockwell's lent storm, during which the captain and his men Shorthand Instruction and Practice, published got drunk. At three in the morning the main by the Bureau of Education at Washington in mast sprang, and as the captain came on deck 1893 (p. 15), and an engraved specimen of his part of the wreck fell on him, broke his arm, and system is given in Carl Faulmann's 'Historisch

Grammatik der Stenographie,' Vienna, 1887, 8vo. beyond. It is said to have been introduced by Dr. Westby-Gibson, in bis ' Bibliography of Short- the landscape-gardener Bridgman. Horace Wal. hand,' has inserted the following entry :

pole attributed the pame ha-ha to the supposed “ Langdale, 1825. [Date given from Thompson exclamation of surprise which such an unexpected Cooper, • Parliamentary History of Shorthand.' We obstacle would elicit from a stranger. A corredo not know the name of his work.]"

spondent in N. & Q.' (6th S. vii. 206) calls this After a good deal of trouble I have succeeded in “ a mistaken derivation," and says the Rev. W. ascertaining that Langdale was not the author, but D. Macray discovered in a document of the year merely the publisher of the system explained in 1194 the haha meaning a hedge. Now this is the following anonymous work :

exactly what a ha-ha is not. A hedge and a ha-ha Short Hand Simplified. , Quid nimis? Ripon : are just the opposites of each other ; one is an printed and sold by T. Langdale : sold also by Baldwin, elevation, the other a depression. Chaucer uses Cradock & Joy, Paternoster Row; Oliver & Boyd, Edin- haw to mean a hedge :burgh; and H. Mozley, Derby, 1824. Price four shillings

Like thee to scorn Dame Nature's single fence, [8v0., 17 pp., and 4 plates)."

Leap each ha-ha of truth and common sense. Dr. Westby-Gibson (p. 205) gives the title -page

Mason's 'Heroic Epistle to Sir William correctly, except that the publisher is wrongly

Chambers,' 1773. described as D. Langdale.

If the ha-ha originated with Bridgman, the name The system is a modification, though in my also was probably due to him, and it would be judgment by no means an improvement, of the preposterous to suggest an Anglo-Saxon derivation : well-known Mason-Gurney system. The signs for

A little Saxon is a dangerous thing; the initial vowels are discarded, and the device of Drink deep, or tasto not of the Anglian spring. indicating medial vowels by position or "mode"

J. Dixon. is seldom resorted to; the general result being that a slight increase of speed is obtained, while the RAFFLING FOR BIBLES.—The following is a legibility of the writing is sacrificed. In brief, the cutting from the Standard of May 17 :distinctive principles of the Gurney system have “ The annual custom of raffling for Bibles at the been abandoned by the anonymous author.

parish of St. Ives, Hunts, took place on Tuesday. The THOMPSON COOPER, F.S.A.

money for the Bibles is obtained under an old charity

known as Wylde's Charity, which provides six Bibles, “ ALSIKE.”—This word in the 'N. E. D.' only to be won by three boys and three girls who shall score stands for a species of clover, named from Alsike, the highest points whilst raffiing on the altar table. near Upsala, and the first quotation is dated 1852; Frederick Ibbott, Henry Watson, Mary Golding, Eliza

The successful candidates this year were Sydney Stevens, but I recently found the following stanza devoted beth Brairs, and Hilda Škeelee.” to another alsike in the translation of Palladius

CELER ET AUDAX. on Husbondrie,' published by the Early English Text Society, from a MS. of about 1420 :

WILLIAM TAYLOR, OF NORWICH.-I am preAlsike is made with barly, half mature

paring a monograph on William Taylor, of Norwich, A party grene and uppon repes bounde,

with special reference to bis influence in introducing And in an oven ybake and made to endure German literature into England. I should feel That lightly on a querne it may be grounde, greatly obliged if any one possessing letters written Nowe til a strike a litel salt infounde

by, or addressed to, Taylor would kindly place As it is grounde, and kepe it therin boote is. This Juyn and Juyl accorde ia houres footes.

copies of them at my disposal. Of course, I would This is stanza 20 of book vii. of the poem, and has undertake not to print êhem without the consent

of the owners.

GEORGE HERZFELD. this marginal note :

68, Loudoun Road, N.W. “ Alica [sic] is made of upripe barley, bound in sheaves and roasted in an oven until hard enough to HOLLY HUNTING AS A NAME. -On Friday, grind in a mill."

June 15, at Harleston Petty Sessions, Holly HuntIt is hardly likely that this is the only example ing, a butcher, was before the Bench. of the word in early English, nor is it likely that

WM. VINCENT. any word in the publications of the E.E.T.Š. has Belle Vue Rise, Norwich. escaped Dr. Murray and his coadjutors. I therefore conclude that there was some good reason

DATE OF THE BATTLE OF WORCESTER.-As for its exclusion (with the meaning given above) one of the many instances how an error once made from the 'N. E. D.' In any case the word deserves gets repeated, it may be worth while to point out a corner in ‘N. & Q.'

JAMES HOOPER.

that the date of this battle is given as September 3, Norwich,

1654 (three years after the true date), in the

eighth edition of the 'Encyclopædia Britannica,' “HA-HA.”—This name is given to a deep dry and that the mistake is not corrected in the ninth ditch, bounding a lawn, and giving it the appear-edition. The writer had evidently forgotten the ance of being continuous with grass or garden silly story told in Echard (left by bim "to the

acro88;

Reader's Faith and Judgment and not to any in the midst of King Arthur's country and of Determination of our own”) that Cromwell bad undoubted Roman origin; the second is Silchester, an interview with the Devil in a wood on the which was the coronation city of the Pendragons or morning of the battle, in which he signed a con- supreme kings of Britain after the Roman exodus. tract that, on condition of having everything his Arthur was crowned here by St. Dubritius, Archown way for seven years, he was to be at the com bishop of Caerlleon upon

Usk. mand of the evil spirit afterwards. Probably his

SHACKLETON HALLETT, death, exactly seven years after the battle (his crowning mercy," as he called it), on September 3, James Johnstone of Westerhall, married Elizabeth

COL. KEENE. -John Johostone, fourth son of Sir 1658, gave occasion to the invention on the part Caroline, daughter of Col. Keene, and niece to of his enemies, of an absurdity which Echard might Bishop Keene of Ely and Sir Benjamin Keene. well have omitted, though the author of his life in Who was the mother of Miss Keene; and where the Dictionary of National Biography' thinks his history is chiefly remarkable for its inser- can I find an account of Col. Keene's family? tion. It will do, however, for a mnemonic of the Replies can be sent direct. date of the battle.

A W. CORNELIUS HALLEN. W. T. LYNN. Blackbeath.

Alloa, N.B.

OLD RAYME WANTED.-Can any one let me Queries.

know where I can fiod a complete copy of the We must request correspondents desiring information rhyme, commencing, on family matters of only privato interest to affix their There was a little man, and he had a little horse, names and addresses to their queries, in order that the And he saddled it, and bridled it, and threw his leg answers may be addressed to thom direct.

With a high diddle, diddle, &c. ? VISITING CARDS.— When did they come into

O. H. Sp. P. use ? By whom were they introduced? Are there

FUSSELL.-Eliza

Ann, younger daughter of the any allusions to them in the works of authors who late Henry Finch, Esq., Lieutenant 13th Regiment wrote more than a hundred years ago ? Are they B. N. I., and Eliza, née Martindell, bis wife, and English in origin, or introduced from abroad ?

granddaughter of John Finch, Esq., of Redheath, MARCUS BRAND.

Watford, married Fussell, Esq. I shall be glad CELLIWIG.--I should be glad if any of your to know to what county and branch of the Fussell readers could identify the town of Celliwig. This family, and to what profession this last gentleman place is described in the 'Historical Triads of the belonged. I notice in the 'Clergy List” for 1868 Island of Britain' as being one of the three chief the following : Rev. James Fussell, C.C., M.A., Courts of King Arthur in Britain, the otber two H. M. Inspector of Schools, Council Office, Whitebeing Caerlleon upon Usk, in Wales, and Edin- hall, 1868. Was this gentleman in any way conburgb, in North Britain. At these chief courts nected with him ?

HENRY C. Finch, the Triads say King Arthur kept the three chief

Crandeen Gate, Henley-on-Thames. festivals – Christmas, Easter, and Whitsuntide. Another of the Triads describes Celliwig as being of the German Church historian Gams, – the

GAMs. — Will a contributor give me a biography one of the three archbishoprics of the Island of Britain, the other two being (temp. Arthur) Caerl dates of birth and death, principal works, &c.! He leon upon Usk and Edinburgh. Bed win is de appears to have been a prolific and learned writer.

E. C. scribed as Archbishop of Celliwig (temp. Arthur). The difficulty in fizing the locality of Celliwig TAE SCRATCH-BACK.-In Chambers's Book of arises from the Triad stating that Čelliwig is in Days,' vol. ii. p. 237, there are some particulars Cornwall. I have searched the county bistories concerning a curious little instrument called the and works on topography in vain, and can find no scratch-back. It is stated to be rare, and that few trace of any such place. I find, however, one palp- readers bave heard of it and fewer have seen it in able copyist's error in these Triads. “Boadicea" the present day, although it was in general use in the is written, by an evident blunder, for “Cartis. past century. I think it is not quite so rare as the mandua” or Cartismunda" as the betrayer of writer supposes, for several examples have como Caractacus. It seems to me not improbable that under my notice. A collector in Hull has three the word translated as Cornwall must originally specimens, another has one, and I have two. A have been Lloegyr or Lloegria, which includes all friend bought me one in London the other day the country south of the Thames and south of that for a few shillings from a dealer in curiosities. It portion of Wansdyke connecting the Severn and has a beautifully carved white bone handle, about the Thamer, and in this case two likely places sug- nine inches in length, in which is fastened an gest themselves as the site of King Arthur's Celli- elegantly carved slender shaft of ivory, five inches wig. The first is Ilchester (Somersetshire), situated in length, and at the end is a beautifully carved

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