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hand in ivory, slightly over an inch in length. The speaks of the magistrates as being susceptible to fingers on the band are extremely well cat. The bribes, &c., he asks, “ Had they a standyoge at whole length of the instrument is about fifteen Shoters hyll or Stangat take a purse ?” inches. Under a raised piece of the handle sball be thankful to any one who will inform is a hole for passing through a band to hang it up me, through the columns of 'N. & Q.' or other. by in the dressing-room, or to be fastened to the wise, as to what and where were Sboters hill ” dress if taken to the play, for use in the theatre. and "Stangat hole." The above quotation of In bygone days, when ladies were not so particular Bishop Latimer is from a 12mo. volume of his serin respect to personal cleanliness, and when high mons, “Imprinted at London by Ihon Daye head-dresses once fixed remained without being dwellynge at Aldersgate & William Seres dwelldisturbed for a montb, much to the annoyance of yoge in Peter College." the wearer and her friends, the little instrument

THEODORE REYNOLDS. for scratching the back must have proved useful. Monson, Mass., U.S. I believe the instrument is still in use in India.

TRANSLATION.— Will one of your readers kindly Not long ago one with a neatly carved hand in bone affixed to the end of a slender shaft of wood inform me if there is a good English translation was brought for me from Bombay by a Hull seaman.

of the French song “Marlborough s'en va-t-en It is the same length as the fine example bought


AUG. MARROT. in London. Can any reader kindly refer me to BLAKE Family.-Can any reader inform me any notes on this subject ? I have only seen those whether there is anywhere published a pedigree of in the Book of Days.' WILLIAM ANDREWS. the family of Blake, of Hants (Andover and LinkHull Press.

enholt) and of Wilts, showing their connexion with Bolton.—I should be much obliged if any borne by the two families being the same.

the family of Admiral Robert Blake ?-the arms reader of ‘N. & Q.' would inform me when and to

GILBERT W. WEST. whom the following crest was granted, or whether it is only fictitious: “A horse courant saddled " The Derby."—Would some of your readers and bridled.” Burke, in his 'General Armory,' kindly inform me if the first “ Derby" was run at attributes this crest to “Bolton or Boulton," and Castletown, Isle of Man, during the time the adds that the arms belonging to it are, "Ar., Stanleys held the governorship of the island ? on a chevron gu. a lion's head or." Under

F. A. “Boultoun (Suffolk)" he gives “ Ar., on a chevron SHERIFFS OF LEICESTERSHIRE.- Who served gu. a leopard's face of the field." The motto was, the office of High Sheriff of Leicestershire in the I believe, “Bolt on,” being, of course, a play of years 1832 and 1833 ? From the reign of Henry II. words on the family name. The above arms were down to the ninth year of Elizabeth the counties used by Ralph Bolton, of Wigan, co. Lanc., who of Leicester and Warwick were under one sheriff. died about 1842. He married, first, a Miss Davies, For what reason and by what authority were the and by her had one son, William Bolton, of Wigan, two counties placed under separate sheriffs in the who changed his name to Davies, and died unmarried

year 1566 ?

W. FLETCHER. about October, 1867. Ralph Bolton married, secondly, Dinah Nixson, of Carlisle, co. Cumber DESPAIR,' a mezzotint engraving. Size of plate, land. He had a brother, Robert Bolton, who was 154 in. by 10; in. Wanted, any information conpartner with him in a copper foundry in Wigan. cerning the subject of the engraving, the date of Any further information with reference to this publication, and the names of the artists employed. family would be very acceptable. Can any reader

ERNEST RADFORD. tell me the inscription on the stone in memory of

Hillside, Liverpool Road, Kingston-on-Thames. this Ralph Bolton and his second wife in the churchyard of the old parish church, Wigan ?


one refer me to any work, other than the Four R. B.

Masters, supplying trustwortby information about Regent STREET. — When I was a boy at Charter. this remarkable personage, often called the Irish house School, 1835-40, I recollect reading in a Helen MacGregor ?

J. B. S. magazine a song, the burden of each verse of which Manchester. ran thus: “I'm always young in Regent Street." Can any reader of 'N. & Q.' refer me to it?

Militia OLUB.- In the High Ercall ChurchE. WALFORD, M.A.

wardens' Accounts is the following: “ 1795, " SATERS HYLL" AND

Ap. 25th. Returned to the Club 21. 28., which the

“ STANGAT HOLE.— Revd. Mr. Pryse extracted from them thro: the In reading " The thyrde sermon of Mayster Hughe power of Eloquence.” The club here alluded to Latimer whyche he preached before the kynge may possibly be the Militia Club, which in 1808 wythin bys graces Palace at Westminster the xxii received from fifty-four subscribers 591. 148., but daye of Marche-MCCCCCXLIX,” I notice, where he expended over 2181. in bounties (varying from

25l. to 491. 78.) given to five" Militia Substitutes, and in "earnest money," swearing in, “ examinant

Beplies. surgeon," "colours," expenses in engaging substitutes, &c. I should be much obliged for any in

SIMON DE MONTFORT, formation regarding such a method of recruiting at

(8th S. vi. 9.) the period mentioned.

The works relating to the great Earl of Leicester GILBERT H. F. VANE. which are mentioned in the subjoined list will, it High Ercall Vicarage, Wellington, Salop.

is hoped, meet MR, FLETCHER's inquiry :SIR DANIEL CARREL.- What is known of Sir

The Barons' War, by Wm. Hy. Blaauw, London, 1844, Daniel Carrel (or Caryel), living at Fulbam 1714?

4to. Second edition, with additions and corrections, by CHAs. Jas. FÈRET.

C. W. Pearson, London, 1871, 8vo.

Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, the Creator of TURNER, VIEWS OF FOLKESTONE AND HYTHE. the House of Commons, by Reinhold Pauli, translated by --I have recently bought two small views as above Una M. Goodwin, London, 1876, 8vo. by J. M. W. Turner, R.A., that of Hythe en

The original German work was published at graved by Geo. Cooke, 1824, published by J. & A. Tübingen in 1867. Arch, 1824 ; tbat of Folkestone engraved by Robert

The Life of Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, by Wallis, 1825, also published by Arcb, 1826. Is it the Rey, M. Creighton, London, 1877, 8vo. known whether any others of this neighbourhood, special reference to the Parliamentary History of his

Tbe Life of Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, with particularly Sandgate, were drawn by Turner, and Timo, by G. W. Prothero, London, 1877. published 1

R. J. FYNMORE. Simon de Montfort, Comte de Leicester, sa vie, son Sandgate.

role politique en France et en Angleterre, par Charles

Bémont, Paris, 1884, 8vo. NEW TUNBRIDGE WELLS, LONDON.-In perusing

WINSLOW JONES. some old family correspondence, I have come upon Exmouth. a letter, dated June 15, 1753, from a young lady then staying in London, containing the following

MR. W. FLETCHER will find a full and exhaustive

account of the life and work of this great man, passage :

“Creator of the House of Commons," in the “ Yesterday I went with Miss Coles to ye new Tun. bridge wells, and think it is a very pretty Romantick thirty-eighth volume of the ‘ Dictionary of National place, and they say it is very much alter'd within these Biography.' This excellent account was written by lour years....... drank a Glass of the water and think it Miss Kate Norgate, and abundant authorities are is very much like Bath water, but makes one vastly cold given in support.

Geo. F. CROWDY. and Hungary.”

The Grove, Faringdon, Can any of your correspondents inform me whether there was at this time a spring in London

A history of Simon de Montfort, by M. Creighwhich had obtained the name of “New Tunbridge Waterloo Place, London, and may be what is

ton, M.A., was published, 1877, by Rivingtons, Wells"?

C. L. S.

JOAN HASLEWOOD. TRACT WANTED.-Will any one who possesses

Ingleside, Maidstone Road, Rochester. a copy of the tract whose title I give below be so

There is a life of Simon de Montfort, by Dr. kind as to lend it to me for a few days ?

Pauli, in German, and a more recent and probably "John Dunton.-A true journall of the Sally Fleet a better one in English, by G. W. Prothero, Fellow with the proceedings of the voyage whereunto is of King's College, Cambridge (London, Longmans, annexed a list of the Sally Captives' names, and the 1877), who was appointed the other day to the places where they dwell. London, 1637."

Professorship of History in Edinburgh University.

J. T. B. Dunstan House, Kirton-in-Lindsey.

Pistols.—A friend asks me if I can give him KNIGHTS OF THE CARPET (8th S. v. 447).any information on the following point. Will your Your correspondent will find an answer to the readers kindly help me? Perhaps I had better first of his queries in the 'N. E. D., s.v. state the question in my friend's own words : “Carpet." The following is from Rees's Cyclo

“ Can you tell me whether pistols in the year 1677, or pædia':thereabouts, were double-barrelled, and did they cock ? “ Carpet-knights, a denomination given to gown-men, I give you the question as it was asked me. My notion and others, of peaceable professions, who, on account of is that I have seen in museums double-barrelled pistols their birth, office, or merits to the public, or the like, in, say, the time of the Commonwealth; and I take it that are, by the prince, raised to the dignity of knighthood. a fint pistol, as well as later cap pistols, and firearms They take the appellation carpet,' because they usually generally, could all be said to cock; that is to say, the receive their honours from the king's bands in the court, trigger or bammer could be put at full or half cock, 80 kneeling on a carpet. By which they are distinguished that one movement of the finger could send the trigger from knights created in the camp, or field of battle, on off.”

account of their military prowess. Carpet-knights JONATHAN BOUCHIER. possess & medium between those called truck, or dunghill

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koights, who only purchase, or merit the honour by their triplets (girle, the daughters of a late muchwealth; and knights bachelors, who are created for their esteemed solicitor in this city) grow up into three services in the war.'

of the finest women in the place. One, if not two, I find a variant notice in Blount's 'Law Dic of these are married, and although it may be tionary,' 1691 ed.:

passing ungallant to guess a lady's age (and Knights of the Chamber (Milites Cameræ), mention’a especially so when there are three in the nest), they in 2 Inst. fol. 666, and in Rot. Pat. 29 Ed. 3, par. 1, m. cannot be a day less than thirty years old. 29, seem to be such Knights Batcbelers, as are made in Time of Peace, because Knighted commonly in the

To-day's (July 14) Sloper's Half-holiday, in an Kings Chamber, not in the field, as in time of War.”

account of " Bendigo," a great prize-fighter in my F. ADAMS.

boybood days, says:

Bendigo was one of three boys at a birth, and these Archdeacon Nares was of opinion that “Knights were playfully dubbed Shadrach, Mesbech, and Abed. of the Carpet" was not an order, but only one nego. The popular vernacular corruprion of Abed-nego of social jocularity, like that of the Odd Fellows, was Bendigo. Knights of the Green Cloth, &c.; tbat they were The “champion's" real name was William Thompknights dubbed in peace on a carpet, by mere

HARRY HEMS. court favour, not in a field for military prowe88.

Fair Park, Exeter. He gives many quotations from old authors in support of this theory. For references to 'Carpet THOMSON (8th S. vi. 4). – I see that I have Knights' and 'Knights of the Carpet,' see ‘N. &Q.,omitted a letter, and made Waller write ungram3rd Š. ii. 388, 476 ; iii. 15; 50b Š. iv. 428 ; v. 15, matically. In justice to him I may mention that 54 ; 8th S. ii. 225.

he wrote trees in the plural number, no: tree in EVERARD HOME COLEMAN.

the singular : 71, Brecknock Road.

Ripe fruits and blossoms on the same trees live;

At once they promiee what at once they give. SiR JOHN BIRKENHEAD (8th S. v. 288, 395).

E. YARDLEY. The mother of Sir John Birkenhead may possibly


Compare also the first passage quoted from which settled in Cheshire, descended from a com- 'Spring' with Rapin's description" (Gardiner's

":mon ancestor with the Myddeltons of Chirk. She translation) of “ Atlantick apples”. certainly was not the daughter of Sir Thomas They still new Robes of Fruit and Bloggoms wear, Myddelton, the Parliamentary general, for she is

And fading Charms with fresh Supplies repair. stated in her father's funeral certificate and also on

C. C. B. his monument in Chirk Church to have died a maid. There is a letter of hors preserved at Chirk | (86b S. vi. 26). —Dr. Kirkland's name does not

THOMAS KIRKLAND, M.D., MEDICAL WRITER Castle, dated" Chirk Castel,” Dec. 2 (1641), signed “Margarett Myddelton,” to her father “SrThomas appear in the list of graduates in medicine in the Myddelton Ko at Doctor Chamberlain's house in M.D. was conferred on him by the University

University of Edinburgh, because the degree of Whiteffriers.'

W. M. MYDDELTON. St. Albans.

of St. Andrews. His diploma of M.D., dated

December 27, 1769, is in my possession, and also The father of Sir John died in 1636, and in his bis diploma as a member of the Medical Society will calls himself of Northwich, Cheshire, saddler. of Edinburgb, dated 8th Calends of May, 1777. The name Nantwich was a foolish slip of the pen. In the 'Dict. Nat. Biog.? he is stated to The Lord Mayor Middleton had only two bave been a native of Scotland, but such was daughters, Alice, daughter by his first marriage, not the case ; he belonged to a family resident in wife of John Dolbyn, of Haverfordwest, and Mary, Derbyshire for several conturies. daughter by his second, married to Sir John May There are two inaccuracies in MR. HIPWELL'S nard, K.B. G. MILNER.GIBSON-CULLUM. communication. Joseph Palmer died in London

in December, 1759 (not 1750), and Elizabeth, his RACES RIDDEN BY WOMEN (8th S. vi. 26).— wife, was probably born in 1686 (not 1689), as There is an allusion to these races when the Duke she was baptized at Ashby-de-la-Zoucb, Jan. 6, of Cumberland's army was at Fort Augustus in 1686/7.



By an obvious misprint, Dr. Kirkland's baptism TRIPLETS ATTAINING THEIR MAJORITY (8th S. is recorded at the above reference as having been vi. 6). —When the Birmingham Daily Post for solemnized in 1772 in lieu of 1722. His son, Nov. 14, 1893, remarked that medical authorities James Kirkland, Surgeon to the Tower of London, “state that a case of triplets reaching the age of published in 1813, 8vo., "An Appendix to an Intwenty-one is unprecedented in England," either quiry into the Present State of Medical Surgery, the paper or the doctors made a great mistake. by the late Thomas Kirkland, M.D., taken from Every middle-aged man hereabouts has been his MSS. with a Preface and Introduction

( Biographical Dictionary of Living Authors,' is open, while the arch opening into the choir bas 1816, p. 191). DANIEL HIPWELL. a stone screen across it.


Canterbury. SCOTTS OF ESSEX (766 S. v. 468).-If not too late to answer a query which appeared so long ago as

NIECE OF John Wilson CROKER (8th S. v. 1888, may I say that I shall be very grateful if 429). – At the above reference I should have BALIOL will kindly let me see bis notes respecting written Sir George (not_Sir John) Barrow, who the Scotts of Essex ?


married Miss Rosamond Hester Elizabeth Pennell, 2, Pump Court, Temple.

Croker's sister-in-law and adopted daughter.

Obas. Jas. FÈRET. ENGLISH PROSODY (8th S. v. 487).- The best elementary treatise on rhythm and prosody is, I

A reference to Mr. Walford's 'County Families think, Dr. Angus's "Handbook of the English (ed. 1865), would have saved the trouble of this Tongue,' published by the Religious Tract Society. who married Sir George Barrow in 1832. The

query. The lady was Miss Rosamond Pennell,

CHAS. JAS. FÈRET. There is :

'Annual Register' calls her “Miss Croker **

(Ixxiv. 172) EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. The Art of English Poetry, containing : I. Rules for Hastings. Making Verses. II. A Collection of the Most Natural, Agreeable and Sublime Thoughts, from the best

" INFANT CHARITY (8th S. v. 480). See English Poets. III. A Dictionary of Rbymes. By N. & Q., 40 S. 2. 332, 381, 459 ; 566 8. i. 413 Edw. Bysshe, Gent. Lon., 1702, with many reprints, 8vo.

JONATHAN BOUCHIER. 'Tho Art of Poetry on a New Plan,' Lon., 1762, SOURCE OF QUOTATION (gth S. vi. 27).--I am 12m0., compiled by Newbery, revised by Gold familiar with this quotation, as such.' I have smith. See Prior’s Life of Goldsmith,' vol. i. twice been asked lately where it comes from. Bat p. 389 (Lowndes); Guest': 'History of Eoglish 18 it a quotation which 'N. & Q. can properly Rythms,' Lon., 1838 (revision by Prof. Skeat).

assist in supplying ? This is not a literary ques. ED. MARSHALL.

tion, proper. The quotation is given out by one GREEN-WAX PROCESS (8th S. v. 508).- Estreats of the literary (80i-disant) papers with the offer of delivered to the Sheriffs of the Exchequer, under a large prize. Unless I am much mistaken, the the seal of that court, made in green wax, were so principal cause, or, at any rate, a chief cause of called. An estreat was a true copy or note of some such insertions is to promote the sale of the paper. original writing or record, and especially of fines The answer is, in all probability, in a pigeon-bole at and amercements imposed in the rolls of a court,


the office. and extracted or drawn out thence and certified

Unsuspecting correspondents who can answer into the Court of Exchequer, wbereupon process this should be informed that there is a prize of was awarded to the sheriff to levy the same. 250l. offered for so doing. The most persistent


endeavours are being made to get this information Richmond, Surrey.

gratuitously. I have been asked several times for This word is mentioned in stat. 7 Hon. IV., c. 3. it, and no one bas been straightforward enough to Tomlins, in his ‘Law Dictionary,' gives the follow say anything about the prize.

W. L. ing definition:

" CAREFULLY EDITED "Green-war is whero estreats are delivered to the Bayne's note on " a reprint of the original edition

(8th S. vi. 24). - MR. sheriffs out of the Exchequer, under the seal of that court, made in green-wax, to be levied in the several of Scott's ‘Border Minstrelsy,' carefully edited by counties.”

Alex. Murray, Dec. 26, 1868," raises the question CONSTANCE ROSSELL. whether this reprint is not identical with the edition Swallowfield, Reading.

produced by Mr. Alex. Murray, and enjoined by “Estreats delivered to the Sheriffs of the Exchequer, the Scotch courts as a piracy. About the year under the seal of that court made in green-wax. Cowel? mentioned Messrs. A. & C. Black brought an Blount.”-Williams, ' Law Dictionary.'

action against Mr. Alex. Murray for publishing & O. E. GILDERSOME-DICKINSON, piratical reprint of the Border Minstrelsy,' and Eden Bridge.

succeeded in having it declared an infringement of

their copyright. Messrs. Black did not exact the SALISBURY AND OTHER Closes (8 s. v. penalty of confiscating the stock in band, and it 445). „In so far as Canterbury Cathedral is con- is, therefore, just possible MR. BAYNE may have cerned, may I correct E. L. G.'s correction ? The become possessed of a contraband copy of this four central openings under the tower of our interdicted publication.

A. W. B. cathedral are not all crossed by “strutting arches." The arches across the nave and the south trapsept SIR ALEXANDER BORNES (8th S. vi. 27).-In are so treated, the arch across the north transept the 'Genealogical Memoirs of the Family of Robert

Burns,' by the Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D., printed The only example of it that I bave ever seen is for the Royal Historical Society, London, in 1877, that quoted from Skelton in the 'N. E. D. I have it is stated that the grandfather of Sir Alexander long been curious about it, for if Skelton's meanBurnes was brother to the father of Roberting could be interpreted we might, perbaps, arrive Burns, the poet. From this work MAJOR PEARSE at the origin of the surname, which, though rare, might obtain the information he seeks, or Mr. certainly exists. Some twenty years ago there Jobn Muir, of 48, Abbotsford Place, Glasgow, who were persons so called in the Isle of Axbolme and I find from a newspaper cutting dated July 18, the parts adjacent. White's 'Lincolnshire Direct1892, is the editor of a publication called the ory' for the year 1882 records the existence of Annual Burns Chronicle, could give MAJOR Thomas Bullivant, of Wbitton, and Jobo T. BulliPEARSE the name of the present representative of vant, of Cammeringbam. Both of these were the family.

R. O. BOSTOCK. farmers. There was at the same time a grocer MAJOR PEARSE, I am sure, would obtain all the at Stamford who bore the name of Edward Bulliinformation that he requires by addressing Mrs.


EDWARD PEACOCK. Burnes (widow of Dr. James Burnes, K...,


Bardsley, in English Surnames,' says : “EvilAlexander's brother), at 40, Ladbroke Square. child found itself face to face with Malenfant,

E. WALFORD, M.A. Little-desire with Petitsire, Goodchild with Bopy: Ventnor,

fant, Bodenfant, or Bullivant, as we now have it." ECCLESIASTICAL ORNAMENTS (8th S. v. 448). In the British Museum

Catalogue there is only one Could “rede birds” mean lecterns ?

instance of the name, and that of a woman, 'HanA. F. G. LEVESON GOWER.

Dah Bullevant, Account of the Murder of,' by E. Belgrade,


PAUL BIERLEY. DOMRÉMY (8th S. vi. 9).Domrémy (Vosges) is

Four instances of the occurrence of Bullevant not the equivalent of Remichurch, but of St. Rémy Directory' for the current year.

as a surname will be found in the ‘Post Office (Bouches du Rhône), dôme being a loan-word from the Italian duomo, which did not find its way

EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. into French before the fifteenth century.. Dom

71, Brecknock Road. rémy is a contraction of Domnus Remigius, the There was a Wesleyan minister named BulliLatin dominus becoming domnus in the Imperial vant living at Melton Mowbray when I was a period, and the title domnus being applied in child. Bardsley says the name is a corruption of Merovingian times to ecclesiasticalo dignitaries, “Bonenfant.”

O. O. B. especially to bishops and abbots. The common village names Dommartin and Dammartin are Prusias (8th S. vi. 8, 38). -Prusias, the servile from dedications to Domnus Martinus, St. Martin King of Bithynia, was an eminent contrast to of Tours, Dompierre and Dampierre to Domnus Cæsar

. Livy, in the last chapter of his history, so Petrus, Dammard and Dammas to Domnus Med far as we have it, sums up the character of Prusias ardus, Domleger to Domnus Leodegarius, Dom- by a translation from Polybius : marie, Dammarie, and Dannemarie to Domna " Polybius, eum regem indignum magistate nominis Maria. On the Belgian and Spanish frontier dom tanti

, tradit; pileatum, capite raso, obviam vie legatis often becomes don, thus Saint-Jean-de-Luz, near solitum, libertumque se populi Romani ferre ; et ideo inBiarritz, is known among the Basque peasantry as

signia ordinis ejus gerere. * Romæ quoque, quum veniret Don-lban-Lohizun. We have a somewhat similar gisse : et Deos servatores suos' senatum appellasse,

in curiam, submississe se, et osculo limen curiae contiprefix in Ireland, Donnybrook, for instance, being aliamque orationem, non tam honorificam audientibus, Broe," the Old Irish domnach, a loan-word from triginta haud amplius dies in regnum est profectus." the Latin dominica, meaning a

church " and also Prusias was put to death by his son Nicomedes, Sunday." We are told in the tripartite · Life

of who had come with him to Rome, having been St. Patrick' that the title domnach was only first brought to a state of ignominy :applied to churches of which the first stone was laid “Prusias regno spoliatus a filio, privatusquo redditus, on a Sunday, but it seems more probable that it etiam a servis deseritur. Cum in latebris ageret, non was a general term for the Lord's house as well as

minori scelere, quam filium occidi jusserat interficitur."

'Justin.,'). xxxiv, o, 4. for the Lord's day. As for the book St. SWITHIN

ED. MARSHALL, wants, I may inform him that I have in the press a work summarizing recent researches on the subject

GALVANI (84b S. v. 148, 238, 469).-Having of French place-names, which will, I hope, meet his read SIGNOR BELLEZZA’s interesting bote, 1 ven requirements.


ture to remind him that the prosperity of a new

fact, like that of a rare seed, depends upon the “BULLIFANT” (8th S. v. 469).—I cannot make kind of soil that receives it. When Sulzer placed a reasonable guess as to the meaning of this word. bis tongue between two dissimilar metals and

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