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35 the porter to watch. Watch ye therefore ; for ye know not
when the master of the house will return, whether in the eve36 ning, * or at midnight, or at cock-crowing, I or in the morning, $ 37 lest coming suddenly he find you asleep. Now, what I say un
to you, I say unto all, Watch.
SECTION VIII.-THE LAST SUPPER.
Lu. 22: 1. Jo. 11: 47, 53.
Matt. 26: 6.
Deut. 15; 11.
Matt. 6: 1. XIV. AFTER two days was the feast of the passover, and of
unleavened bread. And the chief priests and the scribes were
contriving how they might take Jesus by surprise, and kill him. 2 They said, however: Not during the festival, for fear of an in
surrection among the people. 3 Now being at table in Bethany, in the house of Simon [for
merly] a leper, there came a woman who had an alabaster box
of the balsam of spikenard, which was very costly: and she 4 broke open the box, and poured the liquor upon his head. There
were some present who said, with secret indignation : Why this 5 profusion of the balsam ? For it could bave been sold for more
than three hundred denarii,|| which might have been given to 6 the poor. And they murmured against her. But Jesus said:
Let her alone. Why do ye molest her? She hath done me 7 a good office. For ye will have the poor always amongst you,
and can do them good whenever ye please ; but me ye will not 8 always have. She hath done what she could. She hath be9 forehand embalmed my body for the funeral. Verily I say un
to you, in whatsoever corner of the world the gospel shall be preached, what this woman hath done shall be mentioned to
her honor. Matt. 26: 14. 10
Then Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, repaired to the chief 11 priests, to betray Jesus to them. And they listened to him
with joy, and promised to give him money. Afterwards he
sought a favorable opportunity to deliver him up. Matt. 26: 17. 12
Now the first day of unleavened bread, when the passover is sacrificed, his disciples said to him : whither shall we go to 13 prepare for thy eating the passover? Then he sent two of his
disciples, saying to them : Go into the city, where ye will meet 14 a man carrying a pitcher of water; follow him; and wherev
er he shall enter, say to the master of the house, “The teacher
saith, Where is the guest-chamber, in which I may eat the pass15 over with with my disciples ?' And he will show you a large 16 upper room ready furnished; there prepare for us. According
Lu. 22: 3.
Lu. 22: 7.
| Three in the morning. Six.
Nine, afternoon. f Twelve. || Upwards of L. 9 Sterling.
Matt. 26, 31.
ly his disciples went away, and being come into the city, found
every thing as he had told them, and prepared the passover. 17 In the evening he went thither with the twelve. As they Matt. 26: 20. 18 were at table eating, Jesus said : Verily I say unto you, that Jo. 13; 21. 19 one of you who eateth with me will betray me. Upon this
they became very sorrowful, and asked him all of them, one 20 after another : Is it I? He answering, said to them: It is one Ps. 41 9.
of the twelve, he who dippeth his morsel in the dish with me. 21 The Son of Man departeth in the manner foretold in Scripture
concerning him : but wo unto that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed; it had been better for that man never to have
been born. 22 While they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and after the Matt, 26; 26.
blessing, broke it, and gave it to them, saying: Take, eat, this i Cor. 11; 23. 23 is my body. Then he took the cup, and having given thanks, 24 gave it to them, and they all drank of it. And he said to them :
This is my blood, the blood of the new covenant, shed for ma25 ny. Verily I say unto you, that I will drink no more of the
product of the vine, until that day when I shall drink it new in 26 the kingdon of God. And after the hymn they went out to the
Mount of Olives. 27 And Jesus said to them: This night I shall prove a stum- Jo. 16: 32.
bling-stone to you all ; for it is written, 'I will smite the shep- Zech13; 7. 28 herd; and the sheep shall be dispersed. Nevertheless, after 29 I ain raised again, I will go before you to Galilee. Peter then
said to him : Though they all should stumble, I never will. 30 Jesus answered him: Verily I say unto thee, that to-day, this
very night, before the cock crow twice, even thou wilt disown 31 me thrice. But Peter insisted on it, adding, Although I should
die with thee, I never will disown thee. And all the rest said
the same. 32 Then they came to a place named Gethsemane, where he Matt, 26; 30. 33 said to bis disciples : Stay here while I pray. And he took
with him Peter, and James, and John, and being seized with 34 grief and horror, said to them ; My soul is overwhelmed with 35 a deadly anguish ; tarry here and watch. And going a little
before, he threw himself on the ground, and prayed that, if it
were possible, he might be delivered from that hour, and said: 36 Abba, (that is Father), all things are possible to thee; take this
cup away from me; yet not what I would, but what thou 37 wilt. Then he returned, and finding them asleep, said to Peter :
Simon, sleepest thou? Couldst thou not keep awake a single 38 hour? Watch and pray that ye be not overcome by tempta39 tion: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak. Again 40 he retired and prayed, using the same words. When he re
turned, he again found them sleeping; for their eyes were over
Lu. 22: 40.
Matt. 26; 47.
41 powered, and they knew not what to answer him. A third
time he came and said to them : Sleep on now, and take your
rest : all is over : the hour is come; and the Son of Man is 42 consigned to the hands of sinners. Arise. Let us be going.
Lo! he who betrayeth me is drawing near. 43 Immediately, ere he had done speaking, appeared Judas,
one of the twelve, with a great multitude armed with swords
and clubs, who were sent by the chief priests, the scribes, and 44 the elders. Now the betrayer bad given them this signal: The
man whom I shall kiss is he; seize him, and lead him away 45 safely. He was no sooner come, than accosting Jesus, he said: 46 Rabbi, Rabbi, and kissed him. Then they laid hands on him, 47 and seized him. But one of those who were present drew his
sword, and smiting the high-priest's servant, cut off his ear. 48 Then Jesus addressing them, said : Do ye come with swords
and clubs to apprehend me, like people in pursuit of a robber? 49 I was daily amongst you, teaching in the temple, and ye did 50 not arrest me. But hereby the Scriptures are accomplished.
Then they all forsook him and fled. 51 Now there followed him a youth who had only a linen cloth 52 wrapped about his body: the soldiers having laid hold of him,
he left the cloth, and fled from them naked.
SECTION IX.-THE CRUCIFIXION.
Lu. 22; 66.
Matt. 26; 57. 53
THEN they took Jesus away to the high-priest, with whom Lu. 22, 54. Jo. 18;13, 24. all the chief-priests, the elders, and the scribes were convened.
54 And Peter followed hiin at a distance, as far as the court of
the high-priest's house, and sat there with the officers, warm
ing himself at the fire. Matt. 26; 59. 55 Meanwhile the chief priests and all the sanhedrim sought
for evidence against Jesus, in order to condemn him to die, but
56 found none : for many gave false testimony against him, but Jo. 2; 19. 57 their testimonies were insufficient. Then some arose who tes
58 tified falsely against him, saying: We heard him say, ' I will
demolish this temple made with hands, and in three days will 59 build another without hands.' But even here their testimony 60 was defective. Then the high-priest, standing up in the midst,
interrogated Jesus, saying: Dost thou answer nothing to what 61 these men testify against thee? But he was silent, and gave
no answer. Again, the high-priest interrogating him, said : 62 Art thou the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One? Jesus an
swered, I am; nay, ye shall see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Almighty, and coming in the clouds of heav
Then the high-priest rent his garments, saying: What
Matt. 26: 69.
further need have we of witnesses ? Ye have heard the blas
phemy. What is your opinion? And they all pronounced 65 m worthy of death. Then some began to spit on him; oth
ers to cover his face and buffet him, saying to him : Divine who
it is. And the officers gave him blows on the cheeks. 66 Now Peter being below in the court, one of the maid-ser- Lu. 2255.
vants of the high-priest came thither, who seeing Peter warm- Jo 18: 17, 67 ing himself, looked on him, and said : Thou also wast with the 68 Nazarene Jesus. But he denied, saying: I know him not ;
nor do I understand what thou meanest. Immediately he went 69 out into the portico, and the cock crew. The maid seeing him 70 again, said to the standers-by: This is one of them. Again he
denied. And a little after, those who were present said to Pe
ter; Thou art certainly one of them; for thou art a Galilean; 71 thy speech showeth it. Upon this he affirmed, with impreca
tions and oaths, that he did not know the man of whom they spake. 72 Then the cock crew the second time: and Peter recollected ch. 14; 30.
the word whichJesus had said to him: · Before the cock crow twice, thou wilt disown me thrice. And reflecting thereon, he
wept. XV. EARLY in the morning, the chief-priests with the elders, Ma...
the scribes, and all the sanhedrim, after consulting together, Jo. 18; 28.
bound Jesus, carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate. 2 Pilate asking him, said : Thou art the king of the Jews ? Matt,,??: 11. 3 He answered: Thou sayest right. Now the chief-priests ac4 cused him of many things. Again Pilate asked him, saying:
answerest thou nothing ? Observe how many crimes they ar5 raign thee for. But Jesus answered no more, insomuch that
Pilate was astonished. 6 Now, at the festival, he always released to them any one Lo. 23: 17. 7 prisoner whom they desired. And there was one Barabbas Jo. 18; 39.
that had been imprisoned with his seditious associates, who in 8 their sedition had committed murder. And with clamor the 9 multitude demanded of Pilate what he used to grant them. He 10 answered them, saying : Shall I release to you the king of the
Jews? (For he knew that through envy the chief-priests had 11 delivered him up.) But the chief-priests incited the multitude
to insist on the release of Barabbas, in preference to Jesus. 12 Pilate again interposed, saying: What ihen would ye have 13 me to do with him whom ye call king of the Jews? They 14 cried : Crucify him. Pilate asked them: Why? What evil
hath he done? But they cried the more vehemently, Crucify 15 him. Then Pilate, desirous to gratify the crowd, released Ba
rabbas to them, and having caused Jesus to be scourged, de-
Matt. 27: 15
Matt. 27; 27. 16
Matt. 27: 32 21
& 33: Jo. 19. 17.
Jo. 19: 23.
And the soldiers brought him into the hall called pretorium, Jo. 19: 1.
17 where, having convened all the band, they arrayed him in pur
ple, and crowned him with a wreath of thorns, and saluted him, 18 saying: Hail, king of the Jews! Then they struck him on 19 the head with a reed, and spat upon him, and paid him homage 20 on their knees. And when they had mocked him, they strip
ped him of the purple, and dressed him in his own clothes, and
took him away to be crucified. Lu. 23: 36,
And they constrained one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, in coming from the country, the father of Alexander and 22 Rufus, to carry the cross. And they brought him to Golgotha, 23 that is to say, the place of skulls, where they gave him wine
to drink, mingled with myrrh, which he would not receive. 24 When they had nailed him to the cross, they parted his gar25 ments, dividing by lot what every man should take. Now it 26 was the third hours when they nailed him to the cross. And
the inscription, bearing the cause of his death, was in these 27 words, THE KING OF THE JEWS. They likewise cruci
fied two robbers with him, one at his right hand, the other at his
28 left. And that Scripture was fulfilled, which saith, ' He was Isa. 53: 12. ranked among malefactors.' Matt. 27: 39. 29 Meantime they who passed by reviled him, shaking their
heads, and saying: Ah! thou who demolishest the temple 30 and rebuildest it in three days; save thyself, and come down 31 from the cross. The chief priests likewise, with the scribes,
deriding him, said among themselves : He saved others; can32 not he save himself? Let the Messiah, the king of Israel, de
scend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. Even
those who were crucified with him reproached him. Matt. 27: 45. 33 Now from the sixth hours until the ninth, $ darkness covered
34 all the land. At the ninth hour|| Jesus cried aloud, saying:
Eloi, eloi, lamma sabachthani ? which signifieth, “ My God, 35 my God, why hast thou forsaken me?' Some who were pre36 sent, hearing this, said: Hark! he calleth Elijah. One at the
same time ran and dipped a sponge in vinegar, and having fastened it to a stick, presented it to him to drink, saying : Let
alone, we shall see whether Elijah will come to take him down.
37 And Jesus sending forth a loud cry, expired. Matt. 27:51. 38 Then was the vail of the temple rent in two, from top to
39 bottom. And the centurion who stood over against him, ob
serving that he expired with so loud a cry, said : Surely this man was the Son of God.
Lu. 23: 35.
Lu. 23. 44.
Lu. 23: 45.
* The governor's palace, or hall of audience. | Nine in the morning.
1 Twelve, Noon. $ Three, afternoon.
|| Three, afternoon.