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make haste and come down, for to-day I must abide at thy 6 house. And he made haste, and came down, and received him 7 joyfully. When the multitude perceived this, they said, mur8 muring: He is gone to be entertained by a sinner. But Zac
cheus presenting himself before Jesus, said : Master, the half of
my goods I will give to the poor ; and if in aught I have wrong. 9 ed any man, I will restore fourfold. And Jesus said concern
ing him : To-day is salvation come to this house, inasmuch as Matt. 18. 11. 10 he is also a son of Abraham. For the Son of Man is come to
seek and recover that which was lost. 11
As the people were attentive, he added this parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and they fancied the reign of God 12 would immediately commence : A certain nobleman went
abroad to procure for himself the royalty, and then return; 13 and having called ten of his servants, and delivered to them ten 14 pounds, he said, · Improve these till I return.' Now his citizens
bated him; and sending an embassy after him, protested,' We 15 will not have this man for our king. When he returned, vest
ed with royal power, he commanded those servants to be
called to whom he had committed the money, that he might 16 know what every one had gained. Then came the first, and 17 said, 'My Lord, thy pound* hath gained ten pounds. He
answered, “Well done, good, servant; because thou hast been
faithful in a very small matter, receive thou the government of 18 ten cities. And the second who came said, 'My Lord, thy 19 pound hath gained five pounds.' He answered, · Be thou too 20 governor of five cities." Another came, saying, My Lord, 21 here is thy pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin ; for
I was afraid of thee, because thou art a hard master : thou ex
actest what thou didst not give, and reapest what thou didst not 22 sow. He answered, Out of thine own mouth, thou malig
nant servant, I will condemn thee. Didst thou know that I am 23 a hard master, exacting what I did not give, and reaping what
I did not sow? Why then didst not thou put my money into
the bank, that at my return I might have received it with
24 interest ?' Then he said to bis attendants, Take the pound Matt. 13. 12. 25 from bim, and give it to him who hath ten pounds.' They anMar. 4. 25. 26 swered, ' My Lord, he hath ten pounds.' He replied, ' I tell
you, that to every one who hath, more shall be given ; but from 27 him who hath not, even that which be hath shall be taken. But
as for those mine enemies, who would not have me for their king ; bring them hither, and slay then in my presence.'
ch. 8. 18.
Probably about 164 dollars.
SECTION XII.-THE ENTRY INTO JERUSALEM.
28 AFTER this discourse Jesus walked foremost, travelling Matt. 21. 1. 29 towards Jerusalem. When he approached Bethphage and Beth Mar. 11. 1.
any, near the mountain called the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples, saying: Go to yonder village, wherein, as ye
enter, ye will find a colt tied on which no man ever rode ; loose 31 bim and bring him. If any one ask why ye loose him, ye shall 32 answer, · Because the Master needeth him. Accordingly they
who received this order, went and found every thing as he had 33 told them. As they were loosing the colt, the owners said to 34 them: Why loose ye the colt? They answered, The Mas- Jo. 12. 14. 35 ter needeth him. So they brought him to Jesus, and having 36 thrown their mantles upon the colt, set Jesus thereon. As he
went, the people spread their mantles in the way before him. 37 When he was so near as the descent of the Mount of Olives,
the whole multitude of the disciples began to praise God in
loud acclamations, for all the miracles which they had seen, say38 ing :
Blessed be the King who cometh in the name of the 39 Lord; peace in heaven, and glory in the highest heaven.'
Upon this some Pharisees in the crowd said to him: Rabbi, 40 rebuke thy disciples. He answered : I tell you that, if these
were silent, the stones would cry out. 41 When he came near and beheld the city, he wept over it, 42 saying: Othat thou hadst considered, at least in this thy day, ,
the things which concern thy peace! But now they are hid43 den from thine eyes : For the days are coming upon thee
when thine enemies will surround thee with a rampart, and en44 close thee, and shut thee up on every side, and will level thee ch. 21. 6.
with the ground, and thy children, and will not leave thee one stone upon another, because thou didst not consider the time
when thou wast visited. 45 Afterwards he went into the temple, and drove out thence Matt. 21. 12 46 those who sold and those who bought therein, saying to them :
It is written, My house is a house of prayer, but ye have made Isa. 56 7.
it a den of robbers.' 47 And he taught daily in the temple, while the chief priests
and scribes, and the persons of principal note, sought his destruc48 tion, but could not devise how to effect it; for all the people
heard him with the greatest attention. XX. One of those days, as he was teaching the people in the Matt. 21. 23.
temple, and publishing the good tidings, the chief priests and 3 the scribes, with the elders, came upon him, saying : Tell us
by what authority thou dost these things, or who is he that em3 powered thee! He answering, said unto them: I also have a
Matt. 24. 2.
Matt. 11. 15.
Mar. 12. 1.
4 question to put to you. Tell me then, Was the title which 5 John had to baptize, from heaven or from men? But they
reasoned thus with themselves, If we say, ' From heaven, he 6 will reply, . Why then did ye not believe him ? And if we
say, 'From men,' all the people will stone us; for they are 7 persuaded that John was a prophet. They therefore answered, 8 that they could not tell whence. Jesus replied: Neither tell
I you by what authority I do these things. Matt. 21. 22. 9
Then he spake to the people this parable: A man planted
a vineyard, and farmed it out, and having travelled, continued 10 long abroad. The season being come, he sent a servant to the
husbandmen, to receive of the produce of the vineyard ; but 11 they beat him, and sent him back empty. Afterwards, he sent
another servant, whom they, having beaten and used him 12 shamefully, also sent away empty. He, afterwards, dispatched
a third to them. Him likewise they wounded and drove away. 13 Then the proprietor of the vineyard said, 'What shall I do? 'I
will send my beloved son; they will surely reverence him, 14 when they see him. But when the husbandmen saw him,
they reasoned thus among themselves, 'This is the heir ; come, 15 let us kill him, that the inheritance may be our own.' And
having thrust him out of the vineyard, they killed him. What, 16 therefore, will the proprietor of the vineyard do to them? He
will come and destroy those husbandmen, and give the vine
yard to others. And some of his hearers said : God forbid. Matt. 21. 42. 17 Jesus, looking on them, said: What meaneth that expres
sion of Scripture, " A stone which the builders rejected is made 1 Pet. 2. 6. 18 the head of the corner. Whosoever shall fall upon that stone,
shall be bruised; but 'on whomsoever it shall fall, it will crush 19 bim to pieces.” At that time the chief priests and the scribes,
knowing that he had spoken this parable against them, would
have laid hands on him, but feared the people. Matt. 22. 15. 30 And they watched him, and set spies upon him, instructing
them to personate conscientious men, and surprise him in his
words, that they might consign him to the power and authority 21 of the procurator. These accosted him with this question :
Rabbi, we know that thou speakest and teachest uprightly,
and that, without respect of persons, thou faithfully recommend22 est the way of God. Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Cæsar 23 or not? He perceiving their subtlety, answered: Why would 24 ye inveigle me? Show me a denarius. Whose image and in25 scription hath it? They answered: Cæsar's. He replied :
Render, therefore, to Cæsar that which is Cæsar's, and to 26 God that which is God's. Thus they could not surprise him
in his discourses before the people ; wherefore, admiring his answer, they kept silence.
Ps. 118. 22.
Mar. 12. 13.
27 Afterwards some of the Sadducees, who deny a future state, Matt. 22. 23. 28 came to him with this question: Rabbi, Moses hath enjoined Aet: 23.8
in his writings, that a man whose brother died childless outlived Deut. 25. 5. by his wife, shall marry the widow, and raise issue to his broth
Now there were seven brothers, the first of whom having 30 taken a wife, died childless; the second married the widow, and 31 also died childless; the third too married her, as did likewise 32 the rest ; and all the seven died leaving no children. Last of 33 all the woman also died. To which of them, therefore, will sbe
be the wife at the resurrection; for she hath been married to 34 all the seven? Jesus answering, said unto them: The peo35 ple of this world marry and are given in marriage ; but among
them who shall be honored to share in the resurrection and the
other world, there will be neither marrying nor giving in mar36 riage : For they cannot die any more ; because angel-like they 37 are children of God, being children of the resurrection. But
that the dead are raised, even Moses hath suggested, calling the
Lord who appeared in the bush, the God of Abraham, and the 38 God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Now he is not a God of
the dead, but of the living; for they are all, though dead to us, 39 alive to him. Then some of the Scribes said to him : Rabbi, 40 thou hast spoken well. After that they did not venture to ask
him any more questions. 41 And he said to them : Why is it affirmed that the Messiah Matt. 22. 41. 42 must be a son of David ? Yet David himself says in the book Mari 112, 35. 43 of Psalms, “ The Lord* said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand 44 until I make thy foes thy footstool.” As David thus calleth
him his lord, how can he be David's son ? 45 Then in the audience of the people he said to his disciples : ch. 11. 43. 46 Beware of the scribes, who love to walk in robes, and affect
salutations in public places, and the principal seats in the syna- Mart. 33.14. 47 gogues, and the uppermost places at feasts; who devour the
families of widows, and make long prayers for a disguise. These
shall suffer the severest punishinent. XXI. As Jesus was observing the rich casting their gifts into the Mar. 12. 41. 2 treasury, he saw an indigent widow throw in two mites. And 3 he said : I tell you truly, that this poor widow hath cast in 4 more than any of them ; for all these, out of their superfluous
Matt. 23. 6.
store, have thrown into the sacred chest; whereas she hath thrown in all the little she had to subsist upon.
SECTION XIII. -THE LAST SUPPER.
Matt. 24. 1. Mar. 13. 1. ch. 19. 44.
Matt. 24. 3.
5 SOME having remarked that the temple was adorned with 6 beautiful stones and presents, he said : The time will come
when these things which ye behold shall be so razed, that one 7 stone will not be left upon another. Then they asked him,
saying : Rabbi, when will these thinys be; and what will be 8 the sign when they are about to be accomplished ? He answer
ed: Take care that ye be not seduced; for many will assume
my character, saying, I am the person, and the time ap9 proacheth; therefore do not follow them. But when ye shall
hear of wars and insurrections, be not terrified; for these things
must first happen, but the end will not immediately follow. Matt. 24. 7. 10
He added : Then will nation rise against nation, and king11 dom against kingdom. And there shall be great earthquakes
in sundry places, and famines, and pestilences : there shall be 12 also frightful appearances and great prodigies in the sky. But,
before all this, ye shall be apprehended and prosecuted, and
consigned to synagogues, and imprisoned, and dragged before 13 kings and governors, because of my name : and this will afford 14 scope for your testimony. Be therefore resolved not to pre15 meditate what defence ye shall make ; for I will give you an
utterance and wisdom, which none of your adversaries shall be 16 able to refute or resist. And ye shall be given up even by pa
rents and brothers, and kinsmen, and friends; and some of you 17 they will put to death. And, on my account, ye shall be hated 18. universally. Yet not a hair of your head shall be lost. Save yourselves by your perseverance.
Now, when ye shall see Jerusalern invested with armies, 21 know that the desolation thereof is nigh. Then let those in
Judea flee to the mountains ; let those in the city make their 22 escape, and let not those in the country enter the city : for
these will be days of vengeance, wherein the denunciations of 23 Scripture shall be accomplished. But wo unto the women with
child, and unto them who give suck in those days: for there
shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon this people. 24 They shall fall by the sword; they shall be carried captive in
to all nations; and Jerusalem shall be trodden by the Gentiles, Matt. 24. 29. 25 until the times of the Gentiles be over. And there shall be
signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars ; and upon Ezek, 327. 26 the earth the anguish of desponding nations; and roarings in
the seas and floods ; men expiring with the fear and apprehen
sion of those things which are coming upon the world; for the 27 powers of heaven shall be shaken. Then they shall see the
Son of Man coming in a cloud with great glory and power.
Matt. 24. 15.
Mar. 13. 24. j