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Mar. 13. 23.

Mar. 14. 10.

28 Now when these things begin to be fulfilled, look up and

lift up your heads, because your deliverance approacheth. 29 He proposed to them also this comparison : Consider the fig- Matt. 24. 32. 30 tree, and the other trees. When ye observe them shooting 31 forth, ye know of yourselves that the summer is nigh. Know ye

in like manner, when ye shall see these events, that the 32 reign of God is nigh. Verily I say unto you, that this genera33 tion shall not pass until all be accomplished. Heaven and earth 34 sball fail; but my words shall not fail. Take heed, therefore,

to yourselves, lest your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting

and drunkenness and worldly cares, and that day come upon 35 you unawares : for as a net it shall enclose all the inhabitants 36 of the earth. Be vigilant, therefore; praying, on every occa

sion, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these im

pending evils, and to stand before the Son of Man. 37

Thus Jesus taught in the temple by day, but retired at night 38 to the mountain called the Mount of Olives. And every morn

ing the people resorted early to the temple to hear him. XXII. Now the feast of unleavened bread, called the passover, Mat: 12.1. 2 being near, the chief priests and the scribes sought how they 3 might kill him ; for they feared the people. Then Satan en- Matt. 26. 14.

tered into Judas, surnamed Iscariot, who was of the number of 4 the twelve. And he went and concerted with the chief priests 5 and officers, how he might deliver Jesus into their hands. And 6 they were glad, and agreed to give him a certain sum ; which

Judas having accepted, watched an opportunity to deliver him

up without tumult. 7 Now the day of unleavened bread being come, on which the Matt. 26. 17. 8 passover must be sacrificed, Jesus sent Peter and John, saying : 9 Go and prepare for us the passover, that we may eat it. They 10 asked him : Where wilt thou that we prepare it? He answered:

When ye enter the city, ye will meet a man carrying a pitcher 11 of water; follow him into the house which he shall enter, and

say to the master of the house, The Teacher asketh thee,

Where is the guest-chamber, where I may eat the passover 12 with my disciples ?' And he will show you a large upper-room 13 furnished : make ready there. So they went, and having found

every thing as he had told them, prepared the passover. 14 When the hour was come, he placed himself at table 15 with the twelve apostles, and said to them: Much bave I 16 longed to eat this passover with you before I suffer ! for I de

clare to you, that I will never partake of another, until it be ac17 complished in the kingdom of God. Then taking a cup, he gave 18 thanks, and said : Take this, and share it amongst you: for I as

sure you that I will not again drink of the product of the vine, until 19 the reign of God be come. Then he took bread, and having giv- Matr. 26. 26. Vol. II.


Mar. 14. 12.

Mar. 14. 22.
I Cor. 11. 23.

Matt. 26. 21.
Mar. 14. 18.
Jo. 13. 21.

Matt. 20. 25.
Mar. 10. 42.

en thanks, broke it, and gave it to them, saying: This is my

body which is given for you. Do this in commemoration of 20 me.

He likewise gave the cup after supper, saying : This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is shed for you. 21 Mark, however, that the hand of him who betrayeth me, is 22 on the table with mine. The Son of Man is going away, as

hath been determined; nevertheless, wo unto that man by 23 whom he is betrayed. Then they began to inquire among

themselves, which of them it could be that would do this. 24 There had been also a contention among them, which of 25 them should be accounted the greatest. And he said to them :

The kings of the nations exercise dominion over them, and they 26 who oppress them are styled benefactors. But with you it

must be otherwise : nay, let the greatest amongst you be as the 27 smallest, and bim who governeth, as he who serveth. For,

whether is greater; he who is at table, or he who serveth? Is

it not he that is at table ? Yet I am amongst you as one who 28 serveth. Ye are they who have continued with me in my tri29 als. And I grant unto you to eat and to drink at my table in

my kingdom, (forasmuch as my Father hath granted me a kingdom), and to sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of

Israel. 31 The Lord said also: Simon, Simon, Satan hath obtained per32 mission to sift you all as wheat ; but I have prayed for thee that

thy faith fail not: do thou, therefore, when thou hast recovered Matt. 26. 34. 33 thyself, confirm thy brethren. He answered : Master, I am

34 ready to accompany thee both to prison and to death. Jesus

replied: I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow to-day, be

fore thou have thrice denied that thou knowest me. Matt. 10. 9. 35 Then he said to them : When I sent you without purse, and

scrip, and shoes, did ye want anything ? Nothing, answered 36 they. But now, said he, let him that hath a purse take it, and

likewise his scrip; and let him who hath no sword, sell his loa. 53. 12. 37 mantle and buy one ; for I tell you that this Scripture," he

was ranked among malefactors," is now to be accomplished in 38 me : for the things relating to me must soon be fulfilled. They

said : Master, here are two swords. He replied: It is enough. 39 Then he went out, and repaired, as he was wont, to the Mount

of Olives, and his disciples followed him. Matt. 26. 36. 40 Being arrived there, he said to them: Pray that ye may not

41 yield to temptation. Then being withdrawn from them about a 42 stone's cast, he kneeled down and prayed, saying: Father, if

thou wilt, take this cup away from me ; nevertheless, not my 43 will, but thine be done. And there appeared to him a mes44 senger from heaven strengthening him. And being in an agony

of grief, he prayed the more fervently, and his sweat fell like

Mar. 14. 34.

Mar. 14. 13.

45 clotted blood to the ground. Having arisen from prayer, and

returned to his disciples, he found thern sleeping, oppressed 46 with grief, and said to them: Why do ye sleep? Arise and

pray, lest the trial overcome you. 47 Before he had done speaking, he saw a multitude, and he Matt. 76. 14.

who was called Judas, one of the twelve, walkęd before then. Jo. 18. 3. 48 and came up to Jesus to kiss him. Jesus said to him: Judas, 49 betrayest thou the Son of Man with a kiss ? Now those who

were with him, foreseeing what would happen, said to him : 50 Master, shall we strike with the sword?" And one of them

struck the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear. 51 Jesus said : Let this suffice; and touching his ear, he healed 52 him. Then Jesus said to the chief priests, and the officers of

the temple-guard, and the elders who were come to apprehend

him: Do ye come with swords and clubs, as in pursuit of a 53 robber? While I was daily with you in the temple, ye did

not attempt to arrest me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness.



Jo. 18. 16. & 25.

54 THEN they seized him, and led him away to the high- Matt. 26. 57. 55 priest's house. And Peter followed at a distance. When they Jo. 18. 13, 34.

had kindled a fire in the middle of the court, and were sitting Mar. 14. 66. 56 round it, Peter sat down among them. And a maid servant

having observed him sitting by the fire, and viewed him atten57 tively, said : This man also was with him. But he disowned 58 him, saying: Woman, I know him not. A little while after,

another seeing him, said: Thou also art one of them. Peter 59 answered, Man, I am not. About an hour aster, another aver

red the same thing, saying: This man was surely with him, for

he is a Galilean. Peter answered : Man, I know nothing of 60 this matter. And just as he spake the word, the cock crew. 61 Then the Lord turning, looked upon Peter, and Peter called to 62 mind the word which the Lord had said unto him, “ Before the

cock crow, thou wilt disown me thrice.” And Peter went out,

and wept bitterly. 63 Meantiine, they who had Jesus in charge, mocked and beat 64 him; and having blindfolded him, struck him on the face, and 65 asked him, saying: Divine who it is that smote thee. And

many other abusive things they said against him.

As soon as it was day, the national senate, with the chief Matt. 27. I.

priests and scribes, were assembled, who having caused him to 67 be brought into their council-chamber, said to him: If thou be 68 the Messiah, tell us. He answered: If I tell you, ye will not


Mar. 15. 2.

believe ; and if I put a question, ye will neither answer me, nor 69 acquit me. Hereafter the Son of Man shall be seated at the 70 right hand of Almighty God. They all replied: Thou art 71 then the Son of God? He answered : Ye say the truth. Then

they cried: What further need have we of evidence? We

have heard enough ourselves from his own mouth.

XXIII. AND the assembly broke up, and conducted Jesus to Matt. 27.11. 2 Pilate. And they accused him, saying: We found this man

perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Cæsar, 3 calling himself Messiah the King. Then Pilate asking him,

said : Thou art the king of the Jews ? He answered: Thou 4 sayest right. Pilate said to the chief priests and the multitude: 5 I find nothing criminal in this man. But they became more

vehement, adding: He raiseth sedition among the people, by

the doctrine which he spreadeth through all Judea, from Gali6 lee, where he began, to this place. When Pilate heard them

mention Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Galilean. 7 And finding that he belonged to Herod's jurisdiction, he sent

him to Herod, who was also then at Jerusalem. 8 And Herod was very glad to see Jesus: it was what he had

long desired; having heard much of him, and hoping to see 9 bim perform some miracle. He, therefore, asked him many 10 questions; but Jesus returned him no answer. Yet the chief

priests and the scribes who were present, accused him with u eagerness. But Herod and his military train despised him :

and having in derision arrayed him in a shining robe, remanded 12 him to Pilate. On that day Pilate and Herod became friends : for before they had been at enmity.

Pilate having convened the chief priests, the magistrates, 14 and the people, said to them: Ye have brought this man be

fore me, as one who exciteth the people to revolt; yet having

examined him in your presence, I have not found him guilty of Matt. 27. 2. 15 any of those criines whereof ye accuse him. Neither hath

Herod; for I referred you to him. Be assured, then, that he 16 hath done nothing to deserve death. I will therefore chastise 17 him, and release him. For it was necessary that he should re18 lease one to them at the festival. Then all cried out together : 19 Away with this man, and release to us Barabbas. Now Ba

rabbas had been imprisoned for raising sedition in the city, and 20 for murder. Pilate, willing to release Jesus, again expostulat21. ed. But they cried, saying: Crucify, crucify him. A third

time he repeated, Why? what evil hath this man done? I do

not find him guilty of any capital crime ; I will therefore chas23 tise him, and release him. But they persisted, demanding, with 24 much clamor, that he might be crucified. At last their clam

ors, and those of the chief priests, prevailed : and Pilate pro


Jo. 18. 38. & 19. 4.

Matt. 27. 32.

25 nounced sentence, that it should be as they desired. Accord

ingly he released to them a man who had been imprisoned for sedition and murder, whom they required, and gave up Jesus

to their will. 26 As they led him away, they laid hold of one Simon a Cyre

nian coming from the country, and laid the cross on him, that 37 he might bear it after Jesus. And a great multitude followed

him, amongst whom were many women who lamented and be28 wailed him. But Jesus turning to them, said: Daughters of

Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for 29 your children: for the days are coming wherein they shall say,

'Happy the barren, the wombs wbich never bare, and the breasts Isa. 2. 19. 30 which never gave suck:' then they shall cry to the mountains, Rev. 6. 16. 31 Fall on us, and to the hills, Cover us :' for if it fare thus 32 with the green tree, how shall it fare with the dry? And two

malefactors were also led with bim to the execution. 33 When they were come to the place called Calvary, they there Matt. 27. 35.

nailed him to the cross, and the malefactors also, one at his Jo. 19. 18. 34 right hand, the other at his left. And Jesus said : Father, for

give them, for they know not what they do. And they parted 35 bis garments by lot. While the people stood gazing, even their Mar. 15. 24.

rulers joined then in ridiculing him, and saying: This man

saved others ; let him save himself, if he be the Messiah, the 36 elect of God. The soldiers likewise mocked him, coming and 37 offering him vinegar, and saying, If thou be the King of the 38 Jews, save thyself. There was also an inscription over his

head, in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING

OF THE JEWS. 39 Now, one of the malefactors who suffered with him, reviled

him, saying: If thou be the Messiah, save thyself and us. 40 The other rebuking him, answered : Hast thou no fear of God, 41 thou who art undergoing the same punishment? And we

indeed justly ; for we receive the due reward of our deeds : but 42 this man hath done nothing amiss. And he said to Jesus, Re43 member me, Lord, when thou comest to thy kingdom. Je

sus answered: Verily I say unto thee, To-day thou shalt be

with me in paradise. 44 And about the sixth hour there was darkness over all the 45 land, which lasted till the ninth. The sun was darkened, and 46 the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. And Jesus said Ps. 31.5.

with a loud voice: Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit ; 47 and having thus said, expired. Then the centurion, observing

what had happened, gave glory to God, saying: Assuredly 48 this was a righteous man. Nay, all the people who were pre

sent at this spectacle, and saw what passed, returned, beating 49 their breasts. And all his acquaintance, and the women who

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