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Lessons for the Twenty-eighth Day of the Month, continued.

September 28. October 28. November 28. December 28.
Morn. Tob. ii. Morn. Job xxiv. xxv. Morn. Isa. x.

Morn. Jer. xxxi. to v. 18.
Mark i.
Luke xiv. (12)

John xx.

Acts XXV.
Even. Tob. iïi. Even. Job xlii. Even. Isa. xi. Even. Wisd. i.
1 Cor. xiii. (11) Phil. ii. (13)

Heb. iv.

1 John v. (15)

(11) ante, 81.

(12) ante, 214. 179.

(13) ante, 101.

(14) ante, 137. 147. 40.

(15) ante, 144.

for ever ;

for ever.

mercy endureth

for ever.


7. Who hath made great Psalm cxxxvi. (h)

lights : for his mercy endureth O GIVE thanks unto the Lord, for he is gracious: and his mercy | his mercy endureth for ever ;

8. The sun to rule the day : for endureth for ever. (i)

9. The moon and the stars to 2. O give thanks unto the God of all gods : for his mercy en

govern the night : for his mercy dureth for ever.

endureth for ever. 3. O thank the Lord of all

10. Who smote Egypt (k) with lords : for his mercy endureth

their first-born : for his mercy

endureth for ever; 4. Who only doeth great won

11. And brought out Israel ders : for his mercy

from among them: for his mercy

endureth for ever ; 5. Who by his excellent wis

12. With a mighty hand and dom made the heavens : for his stretched-out arm : for his mercy mercy endureth for ever.

endureth for ever ; 6. Who laid out the earth above

13. Who divided the Red the waters : for his mercy en

Sea (l) in two parts : for his dureth for ever.

mercy endureth for ever ; (k) An invocation to the praise of God, 2 Chron. xx. 21. to 23. This Psalm on account of the works of the creation, (though perhaps written before) was proand his peculiar interpositions in favour bably what the singers sang before the of the Israelites in opposition to the army. heathen. It was called

16 The great

(i) v. 1. “ His mercy endureth for " Thanksgiving.” When the children of “ ever.When David appointed the Ammon, of Moab, and of Mount Seir, Levites to minister before the ark of the went up against Jehoshaphat, and God Lord, some of them were fixed upon “ to gave Jehoshaphat an assurance of deliver- “ give thanks unto the Lord, because his ance, Jehoshaphat“ appointed singers mercy endureth for ever. (1 Chron. xvi.

unto the Lord, that should praise the 4. 41.") And when Solomon dedicated "beauty of holiness, as they went out the temple, and the glory of the Lord “ before the arniy, and to say, · Praise filled the house, the people “ worshipped the Lord, for his mercy endureth for “ and praised the Lord, saying, for " ever :'” and God stirred up the children "he is good, for his mercy endureth of Ammon and of Moab against the for ever.' (2 Chron. vii. 3."í It is not inhabitants of Mount Seir, utterly to improbable that the whole choir, in full destroy them, which they did ; they chorus, joined in the latter division of then destroyed each other, so that when each verse. Jehoshaphat came up against them, be- (k) v. 10. “ Egypt." See Ps. cxxxv. hold they were dead bodies fallen to 8, 9. and the references there. the earth, and none escaped. See (1) v. 13. “Red Sea, &c." See Ps.cxiv

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for ever;

14. And made Israel to go

God of heaven : for his mercy through the midst of it: for his endureth for ever. mercy endureth for ever.

27. O give thanks unto the 15. But as for Pharaoh (m) and Lord of lords : for his mercy his host, he overthrew them in endureth for ever. the Red Sea : for his mercy endureth for ever.

Psalm cxxxvii. (p) 16. Who led his people through By the waters of Babylon we sat the wilderness : for his mercy en

down and wept: when we rememdureth for ever.

bered thee, O Sion. 17. Who smote great kings : 2. As for our harps, we hanged for his mercy endureth for ever; them up: upon the trees that are

18. Yea, and slew mighty therein. kings : for his mercy endureth 3. For they that led us away

captive required of us then a 19. Sehon (n) king of the Amo- song, and melody in our heavirites : for his mercy endureth for ness : “ Sing us one of the songs ever ;

« of Sion.” 20. And Og (n) the king of 4. How shall we sing the Lord's Basan : for his mercy endureth song : in a strange land ?

5. If I forget thee, O Jerusa21. And gave away their land lem: let my right hand forget for an heritage (0): for his mercy her cunning. (9) endureth for ever;

6. If I do not remember thee, 22. Even for an heritage unto let my tongue cleave to the roof Israel his servant: for his mercy of my mouth : yea, if I prefer not endureth for ever.

Jerusalem in my mirth. (r) 23. Who remembered us when 7. Remember the children of we were in trouble: for his mercy Edom, O Lord, in the day of Je. endureth for ever;

rusalem : how they said, “ Down 24. And hath delivered us from “ with it, down with it, even to our enemies : for his mercy en

“ the ground.” dureth for ever.

8. O daughter of Babylon, 25. Who giveth food to all flesh : wasted with misery : yea, happy for his mercy endureth for ever. shall he be that rewardeth (s) thee,

26. O give thanks unto the as thou hast served us.

for ever;

(m) v. 15. « Pharoah.” See Psalm lxxiv. 14.

(n) v. 19, 20. “ Sehon," “ Og." See Psalm cxxxv. 11.

(o) v. 21. “ An heritage." See Joshua xii. 1 to 24.

(p) A mournful hymn, calling to mind some of the occurrences during the Baby. lonish captivity, expressing their attachment to Jerusalem, and calling for vengeance upon their enemies. The Jews, that is, the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, were carried captive to Babylon about

606 years before our Saviour's birth, and remained there seventy years. The other tribes, the subjects of the kings of Israel, had been carried into captivity about 138 years before, and from that captivity they never returned.

(9) v. 5. “Her cunning," i. e. “her skill “ in playing upon the harp, all her powers."

(-) v. 6. “In my mirth,” “ even in my “happiest hours at Babylon."

(8) d. 8. “ That rewardeth thee, &c." and verse 9. “ throweth them, &c." In God's denunciation against Babylon,

9. Blessed shall he be that ways of the Lord : that great is taketh thy children : and throw- the glory of the Lord. eth (s) them against the stones. 6. For though the Lord be

high (y), yet hath he respect unto Psalm cxxxviii. (1)

the lowly : as for the proud, he

beholdeth them afar off. I will give thanks unto thee, O Lord, with my whole heart:

7. Though I walk (2) in the even before the gods (u) will i midst of trouble, yet shalt thou

refresh me : thou shalt stretch sing praise unto thee. 2. I will worship toward thy

forth thy hand upon the furious

ness of mine enemies, and thy holy temple, and praise thy Name, because of thy loving-kindness

and right hand shall save me. truth (x): for thou hast magni- his loving-kindness toward me;

8. The Lord shall make good fied thy Name and thy word above all things.

yea, thy mercy, O Lord, endureth 3. When I called upon thee,

for ever; despise not then the

works of thine own hands. thou heardest me : and enduedst my soul with much strength. 4. All the kings of the earth

MORNING PRAYER. shall praise thee, O Lord : for they have heard the words of thy O LORD, thou hast searched me

Psalm cxxxix. (a) mouth.

5. Yea, they shall sing in the out, and known me: thou know

Isaiah li. he says (amongst other things)

“ that hath his dwelling so high, and yet verse 24. “ I will render unto Babylon “ humbleth himself to behold the things " and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea, " that are in heaven and earth."

all their evil that they have done in (z) v. 7. “ Though I walk, &c.” So

Zion in your sight, saith the Lord ;" Psalm xxiii. 4. “ Yea, though I walk and it had been foretold by Isaiah long “ through the valley of the shadow of before the captivity commenced, (Isaiah “ death, I will fear no evil ; for thou art xiii. 16.) “ their children also shall be “ with me, thy rod and thy staff com“dashed to pieces before their eyes." See

« fort me." also Ezek. xxv. 12 to 14. The 9th verse

(a) Upon God's presence in every of this Psalm, therefore, may be con- place, his perfect knowledge of all our sidered, not as an imprecation that this actions and concerns, with an expostulacruelty of throwing the children against tion against the wicked, and an appeal to the stones should be practised against God as to the writer's uprightness and them, but as a blessing upon the men who sincerity. The Psalm is supposed to have should be the instruments to execute such been written by David after it had been vengeance as God required. See Psalm imputed to him that he had evil designs cxlix. 9.

against Saul, for which reason he illus(t) A grateful thanksgiving to God for trates the folly of attempting to dissemble some signal instance of protection and with God, and shews the impossibility mercy, and a profession of the utmost of succeeding in any such attempt. Mr. confidence in his support.

Addison says of it, (Spectator, No. 399.), (u) v. I. “Gods," i. e. “ the great men “ The two kinds of hypocrisy, of de“ of the earth.” See Psalm lxxxii. 1. « ceiving ourselves and imposing upon

(3) v. 2. “ Truth," (probably) “ in ac- " the world, are touched with wonderful complishing thy promises."

“ beauty in this Psalm : the folly, of the (y) v. 6. « High.” The same idea is “ first is set forth by reflections on expressed with great spirit, Psalm cxiii. 5. « God's omniscience and omnipresence, “Who is like unto the Lord our God, “ which are celebrated in as noble strains

est my down-sitting (6), and mine 9. Even there also shall thy up-rising: thou understandest my hand lead me : and thy right thoughts long before.

hand shall hold me. 2. Thou art about my path,

10. If I say,

• Peradventure and about my bed : and spiest “ the darkness shall cover me :" out all my ways.

then shall my night be turned 3. For lo, there is not a word in

to day. my tongue : but thou, O Lord, 11. Yea, the darkness is no kñowest it altogether.

darkness with thee, but the night 4. Thou hast fashioned (c) me is as clear as the day : the darkbehind and before: and laid thine ness and light to thee are both hand upon me.

alike. 5. Such knowledge is too won- 12. For my reins (8)

g) are derful and excellent for me: I thine (h): thou hast covered me cannot attain unto (d) it.

in my mother's womb. 6. (e) Whither shall I

go 13. I will give thanks unto then from thy Spirit? or whither thee, for I am fearfully and wonshall I go then from thy pre- derfully (i) made : marvellous sence ?

are thy works, and that my soul 7. If I climb up into heaven, knoweth right well. thou art there: if I go down to 14. My bones are not hid from hell, thou art there also.

thee : though I be made secret8. If I take the wings of the ly, and fashioned beneath in the morning: and remain in the utter- earth. most parts of the sea;

15. Thine eyes (k) did see my

“ of poetry as I ever met with :: the “ them down : and though they hide « other kind is intimated in the last two “ themselves in the top of Carmel, I will “ verses, where the Psalmist addresses

“ search and take them out thence: and « himself to the great Searcher of hearts “ though they be hid from my sight in “ in that emphatical petition, v. 23. “ Try “ the bottom of the sea, thence will I “ me, O God, &c. &c.” So Bp. Newton, “ command the serpent, and he shall bite (2. Newt. Dissert. 374.) “ Nothing was « them, &c.Amos prophesied about ever celebrated in a finer strain of

787 years before our Saviour's birth, “ poetry than the divine omnipresence in rather more than 200 years after David's • this Psalm. Take the antient Lyrics, time. See also Ecclus. xvi. 17. “ read any of their hymns, and see whe- (g) v. 12. “ My reins, &c." From the “ ther there is any ode in Horace or observation that darkness and light are “ Pindar to be compared with it from the both alike to God, he passes naturally “ beginning to the end.”

to the reflection, that even our inmost (6) v. 1. “My down-sitting, &c." i. e. parts, where no light can penetrate or my motions."

touch approach, are open to the eye and (c) v. 4. “ Fashioned," or

hand of God. “ passed.” B. T. reads “ beset."

(h) “ Thine," i.e. “ thy creation." (d) v. 5. “ Attain unto," or

« under

li) v. 13. “Wonderfully.” From the " stand."

perfect mechanism of the human frame, (e) v. 6. 7. So God declares the im

Dr. Paley has admirably illustrated the possibility of escaping from his vengeance existence of God. See Paley's Natural in a similar manner, (Amos. ix. 2, 3.) Theology. “ Though they dig into hell, thence shall (k) v. 15. “ Thine eyes, &c." i. e. “ my hand take them : though they “ thou sawest the progress of my for“ climb up to heaven, thence will I bring


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66 art my

substance, yet being imperfect :

tongues like a serpent : adders' and in thy book were all my poison is under their lips. members written;

4. Keep me, O Lord, from the 16. Which day by day were

hands of the ungodly : preserve fashioned : when as yet there was me from the wicked men, who none of them.

are purposed to overthrow my 17. How dear are thy counsels goings. unto me, O God : 0 how great 5. The proud have laid a snare is the sum of them!

for me, and spread a net abroad 18. If I tell them, they are with cords : yea, and set traps in more in number than the sand :

my way when I wake up, I am present

6. I said unto the Lord, « Thou with thee.

God: hear the voice of 19. Wilt thou not slay the

my prayers, O Lord.” wicked, O God? depart from me, 7. O Lord God, thou strength ye blood-thirsty men.

of my health : thou hast covered 20. For they speak unright- my head in the day of battle. eously against thee : and thine 8. Let not the ungodly have enemies take thy Name in vain. his desire, O Lord : let not his

21. Do not 'I hate then, o mischievous imagination prosper, Lord, that hate thee? and am not lest they be too proud. I grieved with those, that rise up 9. Let the mischief of their own against thee?

lips fall upon the head of them ; 22. Yea, I hate them right sore: that compass me about. even as though they were (1) mine 10. Let hot burning coals fall enemies.

upon them : let them be cast into 23. Try me, O God, and seek the fire, and into the pit, that they the ground of my

never rise up again. me, and examine my thoughts. 11. A man full of words shall 24. Look well if there be any

not prosper upon the earth : evil way of wickedness in me: and shall hunt the wicked person to lead me in the way everlasting. overthrow him.

12. Sure I am, that the Lord Psalm cxl. (m)

will avenge the poor : and mainDeliver me, O Lord, from the tain the cause of the helpless. evil man: and preserve me from

13. The righteous also shall give the wicked man;

thanks unto thy Name: and the 2. Who imagine mischief in just shall continue in thy sight. their hearts : and stir up strife

Psalm cxli. (n) all the day long.

3. They have sharpened their Lord, I call upon thee, haste thee

heart : prove

(1) v. 22. “Mine," emphatically, “ as " though they had offended me."

(m) An anxious prayer for deliverance, supposed to have been written by David whilst he was persecuted by Saul, complaining of the machinations of his enemies,

praying for their discomfiture, calling to mind some former instance of protection, and assuring himself that God would still

support him.

(n) This Psalm is supposed to have been written by David either after his


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