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have you provided me here half a dozen sufficient make as many holes in an enemy's battle, as thoa men ?

hast done in a woman's petticoat? Shal. Marry, have we, sir. Will you sit?

Feeble. I will do my good will, sir ; you can Ful. Let me see them, I beseech you.

have no more. Shal. Where's the roll? where's the roll | 5 Fal. Well said, good woman's taylor! well said, where's the roll ?-Let me see, let me see, let me courageous Feeble! Thou wilt be as saliant as the see. So, so, so, so: Yea, marry, sir:-Ralph wrathtul dove, or most magnanimous mouse. Mouldy :--let them appear as I call; let them do Prick the woman's taylor well, master Shallow: -Let me see; Where is Mouldy?

deep, master Shallow. Moul. Here, an't please you.

10 Feeble. I would, Wart might hare gone, sis. Shal. What think you, Sir John? a good-limb’d Fal. I would, thou wert a man's taylor; that fellow : young, strong, and of good friends. thou might'st mend hin), and make him fit to go. Fal. Is thy name Nouldy?

I cannot put him to a private soldier, that is the Moul. Yea, an't please you.

leader of so many thousands: Let that suffice, most Fal. 'Tis the more time thou wert us'd. 15 forcible Feeble.

Shal. Ha, ha, ha! most excellent, i faith! Feeble. It shall suffice, sir. things, that are mouldy, lack use: Very singular Fal. I am bound to thee, reverend Feeble.good !-Well said, Sir John ; very well said.

Who is next? Ful. Prick him.

Shal. Peter Bull-calf of the green! Moul. I was prick'd well enough before, an 20 Fal. Yea, marry, let us see Bull-calf. you could have let me alone: my old dame will Bull. Here, ir. be undone now, for one to do her husbandry, and Ful. Trust me, a likely fellow!-Conne, prick her drudgery: you need not to have prick'o me ; me Bull-calf, till he roar again. there are other men fitter to go out than I. Bull. Oh! good ıny bra captain,

Fal. Go to; peace, Mouldy, you shall go.25 Ful. Wha!, cost thouroar before thouari prick'e Mouldy, it is time you were spent.

Bull. O lord, sir! I am a cliseas'd man. Moil. Spent!

Fal. What disease hast thou? Shal. Peace, fellow, peace; stand aside; Know Bull. A whoreson cold, sir; a cold, sir; which you where you are?-For the other, Sir Jolin:- I caught with ringing in the king's affairs, upor let me see:--Simon Shadow!

|30 bis coronation day, sir. Fal. Ay marry, let me have him to sit under: Fal. Come, thou shalt go to the wars in a gown; he's like to be a cold soldier.

we will have away thy cold; and I will take such Shal. Where's Shadow ?

order, that thy friends shall ring for thee.—Is here Shad. Here, sir.

all ? Fal. Shadow, whose son art thou?

35 Shal. There is two more call'd than your num. Shad. My mother's son, sir.

ber, you must have but four here, sir; -and so, I Fal. Thy mother's son! like enough; and thy pray you, go in with me to dinner. father's shadow: so the son of the female is the tal. Come, I will go drink with you, but I shadow of the male: It is often so, indeed; but cannot tarry dinner. I am glad to see you, in not much of the father's substance.

40 good troth, master Shallow. Shal. Do you like him, Sir John'

Shal. O, Sir John, do you remember since we Fal. Shadow will serve for summer,-prick lay all night in the wind-mill in St. George's-fields him ;-for we have a number of shadows to fill Fal. No more of that, goud master Shallow, 10 up the muster-book'.

more of that. Shal. Thomas Wart! ·

145 Shal. Ha, it was a merry night. And is Jane Fal. Where's he?

Night-work alive? Wart. Here, sir.

Fal. She lives, master Sliallow. Fal. Is thy naine Wart?

Shal. She could never away? with me. Wart. Y ea, sir.

Ful. Never, never: she would always say, she Fal. Thou art a very ragged wart.

50 could not abide master Shallow. Shal. Shall I prick him, Sir John?

Shal. By the mass, I could anger her to the Fal. It were superfluous ; for bis apparel is heart. She was then a bona-roba. Doth she hold built upon

his back, and the whole frame stands her own well? upon pins: prick him no more.

Ful. Old, old, master Shallow. Shal. Ha, ha, ha !—you can do it, sir: you can 35 Shul. Nav, she must be old; she cannot chuse do it. I commend you well.--Francis Feeble! but be old; certain, she's old, and had Robin Feeble. Here, sir.

Night-work by Old Night-work, before I came to Fal. What trade art thou, Feeble?

Clement's-imri. Fueble. A woman's taylor, sir.

Sil. That fifty-five years ago. Shal. Shall I prick him, sir?

60 Shal. Ha, cousin Silence, that thou hadst seen Hul. You may: but if he had been a man's that that this knight and I have seen !-Ha, Sir taylor; he would have prick'd you.-Wilt thou Holu, said I well?

That is, we have in the muster-book many names for which we receive pay, though we have not the men. : This is an expression of dislike.

Fal.

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Fal. We have heard the chimes at midnight, And this same half-fac'd fellow Shadow,—give me master Shallow,

this man; he presents no mark to the enemy; the Shal. That we have, that we have, that we fore-man may with as great aim level at the edge have; in faith, Sir John, we have; our watch- of a pen-knite: And, for a retreat,- how swiftly word was, Hem, boys !--Come, let's to dinner; 5 will this Feeble, the womau's taylor, run off? O, conne, let's to dinner :-0, the days that we have give me the spare men, and spare me the great seen!-Come,come.[Excunt Fulstad); undJustices. ones.---Put me a caliver into Wart's hand,

Bull. Good master corporate Bardolph, stand Bardolph. my friend; and here is four Harry ten shillings in Bard. Hold, Wart, traverse; thus, thus, thus. French crowns for you. In very truth, sir, I had 10 Fal. Come, manage me your caliver. So: as lief be hang'u, sir, as go : and yet for mine own very well:--goto:-- very good:-exceeding good: part, sir, I do not care: but, rather, because I ain LŐ, give me aways a little, lean, old, choppid, unwilling, and, for mine own part, have a desire bald shot. Well said, Wart; thou’rt a good to stay with my friends; else, sir, I did not care, scab: hold, there's a tester for thee. for mine own part, so much.

15 Shal. ile is not his craft's master, he doth not Burd. Go to; stand aside.

do it right. I remember at Mile-end green, when Moul. And, good inaster corporal captain, for I lay at Clement's-inin, (I was then Sir Dagonet my old dame's sake, stand my friend: she bias 10. in Arthur's show) there was a little quiver fellow, body to do any thing about her, when I am gone; and 'a would manage you his picce'thus: and's and she is old, and cannot help herself: you sha:) 20 would abotit, and about, and come you in, and have forty, sir.

come you in: rah, tah, tah, would ’a say; bounce, Bard. Go to; stand aside.

would'a say; and away again would 'a go, and Feeble, I care not ;-a man can die but once; again would 'a come;---I shall never see such a we owe God a death ;—I'll ne'er bear a base fellow. mind:-an't be my destiny, so: an't be not, so : 25 Fal. These fellows will do well, master Shal. No man's too good to serve his prince: and let il low.—God keep you, master Silence; I will not go which way it will, he that dies this year, is use many words with you:--Fare you well, quit for the next.

gentlemen both : I thank you: I must a dozen Burd. Well said ; thou’rt a good fellow. mile to-night.Bardolph, give the soldiers Feeble. 'Faith, I'll bear no base mind.

30 coats. [Re-enter Falstaff, and Justices. Shal. Sir John, beaveo bless you, and prosper Fal. Come, sir, which men shall I have? vour arfairs, and send us peace! As you return, Shal. Four of which you please.

visit my house; let our old acquaintance be reBard. Sir, a word with you :--I have three new'd:

peradventure I will with you to the court pound to free Mouldy and Bull-calf.

Fal. I would you would, master Shallow. Fal. Go to; well.

Shal. Go to; I have spoke, at a word. Fare Shal. Come, Sir John which four will you have:

(Exeunt Shallow and Silence. Fal. Do you chuse for me.

Fal. Fare you well, gentle gentlemen. ---On, Shal. Marry then,-Mouldy, Bull-calf, Feeble, Bardolph;leadthemenaway - [Exeunt Bardolph, and Shadow.

40 Recruits, d:c.)--As I return, I will fetch off these Ful. Mouldy, and Bull-calf: For you, Mouldy, ljustices; I do see the bottom of justice Shallow. stay at home iill you are past service:-and, for Lord, lord, how subject we old men are to this vice your part, Bull-calf,-grow'till you come unto it; of lying! This same starved justice hath done noI will none of you.

thing but prate to me of the wildness of his youth, Shal. Sir John, Sir John, do not yourself wrong : 45 and the feats he hath done about Turnbull-street"; they are your likeliest men, and I would have you and every third word a lie, cheer paid to the hearer serv'd with the best.

than the Turk's tribute. I do remember hiin at Fal. Will you tell me, master Shallow, how to Clement's-inn, like a man made after supper of a chuse a man? Care l for the limb, the thewes', cheese-paring; when he was naked, be was, for the statuře, bulk, and big assemblance of a man 50 all the world, like a fork'd radish, with a licad fangiveme the spirit, master Shallow.-Here's Wart; tastically carved upon it with a knife: he was so

-- you see what a ragged appearance it is: he shail forlorn, that his dimensions to any thick sight were charge you, and discharge you, with the motion of invisible; he was the very Genius of famine; yet a pewterer's hammer; come oil, and on, swifter Jecherous as a monkey, and the whores cali'd him than he that gibbets on the brewer's bucket?. 55 —mandrake: he came ever in the rear-ward of

'i. e. the muscular strength or appearance of manhood. ? That is, swifter than he who carries beer from the vat to the barrel

, in buckets hung upon a gibbet or beain crossing his shoulders. 3A hand-gun. * Shot is used for shooter, one who is to fight by shooting. » Dr. Johnson observes, that the story of Sir Dagonet is to be found in La Mort d' Arthure, av old romance inuch celebrated in our author's time, or a little before it. In this romance Sir Dagonet is king Arthur's fool (Dr. Warburton says, his squire). Shakspeare would not have shewn his Justice capable of representing any higher cha

Turnbull or Turnmill-street is near Cow-Cross, West Smithfield, which was forinerly called Ruffian's Hall, where turbulent fellows met to try their skill at sword and buckler, and was notorious for the number of its houses of ill-fame.

the

135

you well.

racter.

the fashion; and sung those times to the over- might have truss’d him, and all his apparel, into scutcht' huswives, that he heard the carmen an eel-skin: the case of a treble hautboy was a whistle, and sware-they were his fancies, or his mansion for him, a court: and now he hath land good-nights. And now is this vice's dagger be- and beeves. Well; I will be acquainted with him, come a squire; and talks as familiarly of John of 5 if I return: and it shali go hard, but I will make Gaunt, as if he had been sworn brother to bim: and him a philosopher's two stones to me: Ifthe young I'll be sworn he never saw him but once in the dace be a bait for the old pike, I see no reason, Tilt-yard; and then he burst* his head, for croud- in the law of nature, but I may spap at him'. ing among the marshal's men. I saw it; and told Let time shape, and there an end. [Ereuni. John of Gaunt, he beat his own name': for you 101

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SCENE I.

|201. Mess. West of this forest, scarcely off a mile, A Forest in Yorkshire.

In goodly forin corres on the enemy:

And, by the ground they hide, I judge their number Enter the Archbishop of York, Mowbray, Hast Upon, or near, the rate of thirty thousand. [out, tings, and others.

Mowb. The just proportion that we gave then York. WHAT is this forest call’d? 25 Let us sways on, and face them in the field. Hast. 'Tis Gualtree iv.est, an't

Enter Westmoreland. shall please your grace;

[forth, York. What well-appointed leader frontsus here? York. Ilerestand, my lords: and send discoverers Mowb. I think, it is ney lord of Westmoreland. To know the numbers of our enemies.

West. Ilealth and fair greeting from ourgeneral, Flast. We have sent forth already,

30 The prince, lord John, and duke of Lancaster. York. 'Tis well done.

York. Say on, mylordof Westmoreland, in peace; My friends and brethren in these great affairs, What doth concern your coming ? I must acquaint you, that I have receiv'd

West. Then, my lord,
New-dated letters from Northumberland; Unto your grace do I in chief address
Their cold intent, tenour, and substance, thus:- 35 The substance of my speech. If that rebellion
Here doth he wish bis person, with such powers Came like itself, in base and abject routs,
As might hold sortance with bis quality, Led on by bloody youth'', guarded" with rage,
The which he could not levy; whereupon And countenanc'd by boys, and beggary;
He is retir’d, to ripe his growing fortunes,

I
say,

if damn'd commotion so appeard,
To Scotland: and concludes in hearty prayers, 110 In his true, native, and most proper shape,
That your attempts may over-live the bazard, You, reverend father, and these noble lords,
And fearful meeting of their opposite. [ground, Had not been here, to dress the ugly form

Mowb. Thus do the hopes we had in him touch Of base and bloody insurrection And dash themselves to pieces.

With your fair honours. You, lord archbishop, Enter a Messenger.

45 Whose see is by a civil peace maintain’d; Hast. Now, what news?

Whose beard the silver hand of peace hath touch'd; ' i. e. according to Mr. Pope, whipt, carted; though Dr. Johnson rather thinks that the word means dirty or grimed;

and that the word huswires agrees better with this sense. Ray, however, among his north-country words, confirms Pope's meaning, by saying that an overswitch'd huszife is a struinpet. * Fancies and Goodnights were the titles of little poems. 3 l'ice was the name given to a droll figure, heretofore much shewn upon our stage, and brought in to play the fool and make sport for the populace. His dress was always a long jerkin, a fool's cap with asses' ears, and a thin wooden dagger, such as is still retained in the modern figures of Harlequin and Scaramouch. The word is an abbrevation of device; for in our old dramatic shows, where he was first exhibited, he was nothing more than an artificial figure, a puppet moved by machinery, and then originally called device or rice. The smith's machine called a vice, is an abbreviation of the same sort. It was very satirical in Falstaff to compare Shallow's activity and impertinence to such a machine as a wooden dagger in the hands and management of a buffoon. *To break and to burst were, in our poet's time, synonimously used. To brast had the same meaning. 5 That is, beat gaunt, a fellow so slender, that his name might have been Gaunt. • One of which was an universal medicine, and the other a transmuter of base metals into gold. *. That is, if it be the law of nature that the stronger may seize upon the weaker, Falstaff may, with great propriety, devour Shallow. * Dr. Johnson thinks this word, which is used in Holinshed, was intended to express the uniform and forcible motion of a compact body. Well-uppointed is completely accoutred. 10 Bloody youth means only sanguine youth, or youth full of blood, and of those passions which blood is supposed to incite or noarish. Guarded is an expression taken froin dress and means the same as faced, turned up.

Whose learning and good letters peace hathtutor'd; H'est. When ever yet was your appeal deny'd?
Whose white investments' tigure innocence, Wherein have you been galled by the king?
The dove and very blessed spirit of peace, What peer hatlı been suborn'd to grate on you?
Wherefore do you so ill translate yourself That you should seal this lawless bloody book
Out of the speech of peace, that bears such grace, 501 forg'd rebellion with a seal divine,
Into the harsh and buistrous tongue of war? And consecrate commotion's civil edge”?
Turning your books to graves“, your ink to blood, York. My brother-general, the common-wealth,
Your pens to lances; and your tongue divine To brother born an household cruelty,
To a loud trumpet, and a point of war?

I make my quarrel in particular*. York. Wheretore do I thisi- ---so the question 10 Hist. There is no need of any such redress; stands.

Or, if there were, it not belongs to you. Briefly, to this end: We are all diseas'd;

Noub. Why not to him, in part; and to us all, And, with our surleiting, and wanton hours, That feel the bruises of the days before; Have brought ourselves into a burning fever, And suiter the condition of these times And we must bleed for it: of which disease 15 To lay a heavy and unequal hand 0:r late king, Richard, bemg infected, dy'd. l'pon our honours? But, my most noble lord of Westmoreland,

West. O my good lord Mowbray, I take not ou me here as a physician:

Construe the times to their necessities,
Nor do l, as an enemy to peace,

And
you
shall

say indeed,—it is the time, Troop in the throngs of military men:

20 And not the king, that doth you injuries. But, rather, shew a while like fearful war,

Yet, for your part, it not appears to me, To diit rank minds, sick of happiness;

Either from the king, or in the present time, And purge the obstructions, which begin to stop That

you shall have an inch of any ground Our very veins of life. licar me more plainly. To build a grief on: Were you not restor'd I have in equal balance justly weigh'd

25 To all the duke of Norfolk's seigniories, What wrongs our arms may do, what wrongs we Your noble and right-well-remember'd father's ? suiter,

Mowb. What thing, in honour, had my father And find our griefs heavier than our offeyces.

lost, We see which way the stream of time doth run, That need to be reviv'd, and breath'd in me? And are enforc'd from our most quiet sphere 30 The king, that lov'd him as the state stood then, By the rough torrent of occasion;

Was, force perforce, compell’d to banish him: And have the summary of all our griefs,

And then, when Harry Bolingbroke, and he, When time shall serve, to shew in articles; Being mounted, and both roused in their seats, Which, long ere this, we otter'd to the king, Their neighing coursers daring of the spur, And might by no suit gain our audience: 35 Theirarmed staves in charge', their beavers down, When we are wrong'd, and would unfold our griefs, Their eyes of tire sparkling through sights of We are deny'd access unto his person

steel, Even by those men that most have done us wrong. And the loud trumpet blowing them together; The dinger of the days but newly gone,

Then, then, when there was nothing could have (Whose memory is written on the earth 1401

staid With yet appearing blood), and the examples My father from the breast of Bolingbroke, Of every minutt's instance, (present now) 10, when the king did throw his warder down, Have put us in these ill-beseeming arms; His own life hung upon the statt he threw : Not to break peace, or any branch of it;

Then threw he down himself, and all their lives, But to establish here a peace indeed,

45 l'hat, by indictment, and by dint of sword, Concurring both in name and quality.

Have since miscarried under Bolingbroke. * Forinerly, all bishops wore white even when they travelled. The rehite investment meant the episcopal rochet.

Dr.Warburton very plausibly reads glures, and is followed by Sir Thomas Hanmer. Mr. Steevens says, "We might perhaps as plausibly readgreitis, which is spelled gravesin Warner's silbion's Enghind,”' i. e. armour for the legs, a kind of boots: and adds, that the rretamorphosis oftea han coters of books into greates, i.e. boots, seems to be more appositethan the conversion of them into instrunents of war. Glave is the Erse word for a broad-sword, and glaif is Welsh for a hook. * It was an old custom, continued from the time of the first croisades, for the pope to consecrate the general's sword, which was employed in the service of the church. To this custom the line in question alludes. * Dr. Vi arburton explains this passage thus: “ My brother general the commonwealth, which ought to distribinte its benefits equally, is become an enemy to those of his own house, to brothers born, by giving some all, and others none; and this (says he) I make my quarrel or grievance, that honours are unequaily distributed;" the constant birth of male-contents

, and source of civil commotions. Dr. Johnson, however, believes there is an error in the first line, wisich perhaps may be rectitied thus: “Mi quarrel general, the common-icealth, &c. That is, my general cause of discontent is public mismanagement; ny particular cause a domestic injury cione to my natural brother, who had been beheaded by ihe king's order;" a circunstance mentioned in the First Part of the Play. An urmed stuij' is a lance. To be in charge, is to be fixed in the rest for the encounter. Or, the visiers, i e. the perforated part of their helmets, through which they could see to direct their aim.

2

For grutes

est.

is weary,

West. You speak, lord Mowbray, now you know That no conditions of our peace can stand. not what:

Hust. Fear you not that: if we can make our peace The earl of Hereford was reputed then

Upon such large terms, and so absolute, lu England the most valiant gentleman :

As our conditions shall insist upon, Who knows, on whom fortune would then have 5 Our peace shall stand as firm as rocky mountainş. smild?

Mowb. Ay, but our valuation shall be such, But, if your father had been victor there, That every slight and false-derived cause, He ne'er had borne it out of Coventry:

Yea, every idle, nice, and wanton reason, For all the country, in a general voice,

Shalí

, to the king, taste of this action: Cry’dlate upon him; andalltheir prayers and love, 10 That, were our loyal faiths martyrs in love, Were set on Hereford, whom they doated on, We shall be winnow'd with so rough a wind, And bless'd, and grac d'indeed, more than the king. That even our corn shall seem as light as chaff, But this is mere (igression troin' my purpose.

And good from bad find no partition. Here come 1 from our princely general,

York. No, no, my lord; Note this,-the king To know your griets; to tell you from his grace, 15 That he will give you audience: and wherein Of dainty and suih picking, grievances : It shall appear, that your demands are just, For he hath found, -to end one doubt by death, You shall enjoy them; every thing set off, Revives two greater in the heirs of life, That might so much as think you enemies. And therefore will he wipe his tables clean“;

Moub. But he hath torc'dusto compel this offer; 20 And keep no tell-tale to his memory, And it proceeds from policy, not love.

That may repeat and history his loss West. Mowbray, you over-ween, to take it so; To new remembrance: For full well he knows, This offer comes from mercy, not from lear: He cannot so precisely wsed this land, For, lo! within a ken, our army lies;

As his misdoubts present occasion : Upon minc honour, all too couiident

25 Ilis foes are so enrooted with his friends, To give adınittance to a thought of fear.

That, plucking to untix an enemy,
Our battle is more full of names than yours, Ile doth unfasten so, and shake a friend:
Our men more perfect in the use of arıms,

So that this land, like an offensive wife,
Our arınour all as strong, our cause the best; That hath enragéd him on to offer strokes;
Then reason wills, our hearts should be as good: 30 As he is striking, holds his infant up,
Say you not then, our offer is compell’d. And hangs resolv'd correction in the arm
Mowb. Well, by my will, we shall admit no That was upreard to execution.
parley.

Hast. Besides, the king hath wasted all his rods
West. That argues but the shame of your offence: On late offenders, that he now doth lack
A rotten case abides no handling.

|35|The very instruments of chastisement: Hast. Hath the prince John a full commission, So that his power, like to a fangless lion, In very ample virtue of his father,

May offer, but not hold. To hear, and absolutely to determine

York. 'Tis very true; Of what conditions we shall stand upon ?

And therefore be assured, my good lord marshal, West. That is intended' in the general's name: 40 If we do now inake our atonement well, I muse, you make so slight a question.

Our peace will, like a broken limb uvited,
York. Then take, my lord of Westmoreland, Grow stronger for the breaking.
this schedule;

Mowb. Be it so.
For this contains our general grievances:-- Here is return'd my lord of Westmorelard.
Each several article herein redress'd;

45

Re-enter Westmoreland. All members of our cause, both here and hence, West. The prince is here at hand: Pleaseth your That are insinew'd to this action,

lordship, Acquitted by a true substantial forno;

To meet his grace just distance 'tween our armies! And present execution of our wills

Nowb. Your grace of York, in heaven's name To us, and to our purposes, confin'd';

50

then set forward. We come within our awful banks again,

York. Before, and greet his grace :-iny lord, And knit our powers to the arm of peace. West. This will I shew the general. Please

[Exeunt.

SCENE II.
In sight of both our battles we may meet ; 55
And either end in peace, which heaven so frame!

Another part of the forest.
Or to the place of diiterence call the swords Enteron one side Morchray,tle Archbishnp, Hast-
Which must decide it.

ings, and others : from the other side, Prince York. My lord, we will do so. [Exit West. Jolin of Lancaster, 'l'estmoreland, Officers, &c. Mowb. There is a thing within my bosom 60 Lan. You are well encounter'd here, my cousin

Mowbray :-Meaning, included in the office of a general. * That is, by a pardon of due form and legal validity. · For confined, Mr. Steerens proposes to read confirm'd. * Ampul banks are the proper linits of revé rence. Perhaps we might read-lateful. Si. e. piddling, insignificant grievances. Alluding to a table-book of slate, ivory; &c.

Good

we come.

you, lords,

tells me,

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