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But that your sufficiency, as your worth is able,
25 And let them work ^ The nature of our people, The Duke's Palace.
Our city's institutions, and the terins Enter Duke, Escalus, and Lords. For conimon justice, you are as pregnant' in, Duke: ESCALCS,
As art and practice hath enrich'd any Escal. My lord.
That we reinember: There is our commission, Duke. Of government the properties to unfold, 30 From which we would not have you warp.-Call Would seem in me to affect speech and discourse; I say, bid come before us Angelo. [hither, Since I am put to know“, that your own science What tigure of us think you he will bear? Exceeds, in that, the lists of all advice
For you must know, we have with special souls My strength can give you: Then no more remains, Elected him our absence to supply;
The story of this play is taken from the Promos and Cassandra of George Whetstone, published in 1578, and which was probably originally borrowed from Cinthio's Norels. 2 Meaning, I am obliged to acknowledge. Limits. * This passage has much exercised the sagacity of different editors. Theobald is of opinion, that either from the impertinence of the actors, or the negligence of the copyists, it has come mutilated to us by a line being accidentally left out, and proposes to read thus:
-Thin no more remains,
And let them work.
Then no more remains,
A will to serve us, as your worth is able. Dr. Warburton is for reading, instead of But that, Put to your sufficiency, which he says here means authority, and then the sense will be as follows: Put your skill in gorerning (says the duke) to the power which I give you to exercise it, and let them work together. Dr. Johnson, however, approves Teither of Theobald's conjecture, nor of Warburton's amendment. That is, ready, or knowing in. : That is, of special favour or afiection.
Lent him our terror, drest him with our love ; Though it do well, I do no not relish well
Their loud applause, and Ave's vehement;
That dues affect it. Once more, fare you well. To undergo such ample grace and hovour, 5 Ang. The heavens give safety to yonr purposes ! It is lord Angelo
Escal. Lead forth, and bring you back in happiness! Enter Angelo.
Duke. I thank you: Fare you well. [Exit.
Escal. I shall desire you, sir, to give me leave Duke. Look whcre he comes.
To have free speech with you; and it concerus me Ang. Always obedient to your grace's will, 110 To look into the bottom of my place: I come to know your pleasure.
A power I have; but of what strength and nature Duke. Angelo,
I am not vet instructed.
[ther, There is a kind of character in thy life,
Ang. 'I'is so with me:-Let us withdraw togeThat, to the observer, doth thy history
And we may soon our satisfaction have
Escal. I'll wait upon your honour. [Exeunt. Thyself upon thy virtues, thein on thee.
SCENE II. Heaven doth with us, as we with torches do ;
The Street. Not light them for themselves: for if our virtues Did not go forth with us, 'twere all alike 20 Enter Lucio and two Gentlemen. As ifwe had them not. Spirits are not finelytouchd, Lucio. If the duke, with the other dukes, come But to fine issues ? : nor nature never lends not to composition with the king of Hungary, The smallest scruple of her excellence,
why, then all the dukes fall upon the king. But, like a thrifty goddess, slie deterinines
i Gent. Heaven grant us its peace, but not the Jlerself the glory of a creditor,
25 king of Hungary's! Both thanks and use. But I do bend my speech 2 Gent. Amen. To one that can my part in him advertise*: Lucio. Thou concludst like the sanctimonions Ilold therefore Angelo':
pirate, that went to sea with the ten cominandIn our reinove, be thou at full ourself:
nants, but scrap'd one out of the table. Mortality and mercy in Vienna
30 2 Gent. Thou shalt not steal? Live in thy tongue and heart: Old Escalus, Lucio. Ay, that he raz'd. Though tirst in question', is thy secondary. 1 Gent. Why, 'twas a coinmandment to comTake thy commission.
inand the captain and all the rest from their funcAng. Now, good my lord,
tions; they put forth to steal: There's not a solLet there be some more test made of my metal, 35 dier of us all, that, in the thanksgiving before meat, Before so noble and so great a figure
doth relish the petition well that prays for peace. Be stamp'd upon it.
2 Gent. I never heard any soldier dislike it. Duke. No more evasion :
Lucio. I believe thee; for, I think, thou never We have with a leaven'd' and prepared choice wast where grace was said. Proceeded to you ; therefore take your honours. 40 2 Gent. No? a dozen times at least. Our haste from bence is of so quick condition, 1 Gent. What? in metre? That it prefers itself, and leaves unquestion'd Lucio. In any proportion "", or in any language. Matters of needful value. We shall write to you, I Gent. I think, or in any religion. As time and our concernings shall importune, Lucio. Ay! why not? Grace is grace, despight llow it goes with us; and do look to know 45 of all controversy : As for example; Thou thyself What doth befall you here. So, fare you well: art a wicked villain, despight of all grace. To the hopeful execution do I leave you
i Gent. Well, there went but a pair of shears Of your commissions,
between us 'l. Ang. Yet, give leave, my lord,
Lucio. I grant; as there may between the lists That we may bring you something on the way. 50 and the velvet: Thou art the list. Duke. My haste inay not admit it;
I Gent. And thou the velvet: thou art good velXor need you, on ininé honour, have to do vet; thou art a three-pil'd piece, I warrant thee ; I With any scruple: your scope R is as mine own; had as lief be a list of an English kersey, as be pild, So to intorce, or qualify the laws,
as thou art pild, for a French velvet. Do I speak As to your soul seems good. Give me your hand : 55 feelingly now? I'll privily away: I love the people,
Lucio. I think thou dlost; and, indeed, with most But do not like to stage me to their eyes: painful feeling of thy speech: I will, out of thine 1 That is, are not so much thy own property. To great consequences.
3 Two negatives not rised to make an atirmative, are common in Shakspeare's plays. * That is, one that can inform himself of that which otherwise it would be my part to tell hin. 5 That is, continue to be Angelo. « Thai is, first appointed. 'A learend choice means a choice not hasty, but considerate. s l'hat is, Your fullness of power. There are metrical graces in the Primers, which probably were used in Shakspeare's time. 10 That is, in any form. 1 Meaning, we are both of the same piece.
own confession, learn to begin thy health ; but Clown. Groping for trouts in a peculiar river. u bilst I live, forget to drink after thee.
Bawd. What, is there a maid with child by him? I Gent. I think, I have done myself wrong;
Clown. No; but there's a woman with maid by have I not?
him: You have not heard of the proclamation, 2 Gent. Yes, that thou hast ; whether thou art 5 have you? tainted, or free.
Buivd. What proclamation, man? Lució. Behold, behold, where madain Mitigation Clown. All houses in the suburbs of Vienna itust comes! I have purchas'd as many diseases under be pluck'd down.
[city? her roof, as comes to
Bawd. And what shall become of those in the 2 Gent. To what, I pray?
10 Clown. They shall stand for seed: they had gone i Gent. Judge.
down too, but that a wise burgher put in for them. 2 Gent. To three thousand dollars' a year. Bawd. But shall all our houses of resort in the I Gent. Ay, and more.
suburbs' be pull'd down? Lucio. A French crown more.
Clown. To the ground, inistress. i Gent. Thou art alwaysfiguring diseases in me: 15 Bawd. Why, here's a change, indeed, in the but thou art full of error; I am sound.
commonwealth! What shall become of me? Lucio. Nay, not, as one would say, healthy; but Clown. Come; fear not you: good counsellors so sound, as things that are hollow: thy bones are lack no clients : though you change your place, hollow; impiety has made a feast of thee. you need not change your trade; I'll be your Enter Bawd.
20 tapster still. Courage; there will be pity taken or i Gent. How now? Which of your hips has the you: you that have worn your eyes almost out in most profound sciatica?
lihe service, you will be considered. Bawd. Well, well; there's one yonder arrested, Bawd. What's to do bere, Thomas Tapster? and carried to prison, was worth tive thousand of Let's withdraw.
25 Clown, Here comes signior Claudio, led by the i Gent. Who's that, I prythee?
provost to prison : and there's madam Juliet. Barod. Marry, sir, that's Claudio, signior Claudio.
[Exeunt Bawd and Clor:n 1 Gent. Claudio to prison! 'tis not so.
SCENE III. Bawd. Nay, but I know 'tis so: I saw him arrested; saw him carry'd away; and, which is 30 Enter Propost, Claudio, Juliet, and Oficers;
Lucio and two Gentlemen. more, within these three days his head is to be chopp'd off.
Claud. Fellow, why dost thou show me thus to Lucio. But, after all this fooling, I would not
the world? have it so: Art thou sure of this?
Bear me to prison, where I am committed. Buwd. I am too sure of it: and it is for getting 35 Prov. I do it not in evil disposition, madam Julietta with child.
But from lord Angelo by special charge. Lucio. Believe me, this may be: he promised to Claud. Thus can the demi-god, authority, meet me two bours since; and he was ever precise Make us pay down for our offence by weight.-in promise-keeping
The words of heaven:-on whom it will, it will; 2 Gent. Besides, you know, it draws something 400n whom it will not, so; yet still 'tis just. near to the speech we had to such a purpose.
Lucio. Why, how now, Claudio: whence coines I Gent. But most of all agreeing with the pro
this restraint ? clamation.
Claud. From too muchliberty, my Lucio, liberty: Lucio. Away; let's go learn the truth of it. As surfeit is the father of much fast,
[Ereurt. 45 So every scope by the immoderate use Manet Barod.
Turns to restraint: Our natures do pursue, Bawd. Thus, what with the war, what with (Like rats that ravin down their proper bane) the sweat', what with the gallows, and what with A thirsty evil; and, when we drink, we die. poverty, I am custom-shrunk. --Ilow now? wbat's Lucio. If I could speak so wisely uoder an arrest, the news with you?
50 1 would send for certain of my creditors: And yet, Enter Clown.
to say the truth, I had as lief have the foppery of Clown. Yonder man is carry'd to prison.
freedom, as the morality of imprisonment. What's Bawd. Well; what has he done
thy offence, Claudio?
[again. Cloron. A woman.
Claud. What, but to speak of, would oifend Bard. But what's his offence?
Lucio. What is it? murder?
" A quibble intended between dollars and dolours. 2 Lucio means here not the piece of money so called, but that renercal scab, which among the surgeons is styled corona Veneris.
Alluding pro bably to the method of cure then used for the diseases contracted in brothels. * The verb to do, is here used in a sense now obsolete, but which the reader will easily guess at from the modern application of the phrase of “ undoing a woman,” or “ a woman's being undone.” Hence the name of Orer-don', which Shakspeare las in this play appropriated to the burid. Meaning all bawdy-houses.
*RuTinc is an obsolete word for prey.
Claud. with you.
Enter Duke and Friur Thomas.
thought; Lucio. A hundred, if they'll do you any good.- Believe not that the dribbling dart of love Is lechery so look'd after?
[contract, Can pierce a compleat bosom: why I desire thee Claud. Thus stands it with me.
,-Upon a true To give me secret harbour, hath a purpose I got possession of Julietta's bed;
10 More grave and wrinkled than the ainis and ends You know the lady; she is fast my wife, Of burning youth. Save that we do the denunciation lack
Fri. May your grace speak of it ? Of outward order: this we came not to,
Duke. My holy sir, none better knows than you Only for propagation of a dower
How I have ever lov'd the life remov'. * ; Remaining in the coffer of her friends ; 15 And held in idle price to haunt assemblies, From whom we thought it meet to hide our love, Where youth, and cost, and witless bravery keeps. Tilltirie had made them for us. But it chances, I have deliver'd to lord Angelo The stealth of our most mutual entertainment, (A man of stricture', and firm abstinence) With character too gross, is writ on Juliet. My absolute power and place here in Vienna, Lucio. With child, perhaps ?
20 And he supposes me travell'd to Poland; Claud. Unhappily, even so.
For so I have strew'd it in the common ear, And the new deputy now for the duke - And so it is receiv'd: Now, pious sir, Whether it be the fault and glimpse of newness?; You will demand of me, why I do this? Or whether that the body public be
Fri. Gladly, my lord.
[laws, A horse whereon the governor doth ride, 25 Duke. We have strict statutes, and most biting Who, newly in the seat, that it
(The needfulbits andcurbs for head-strong steeds) He can command, lets it straight feel the spur: Which for these nineteen years we have let sleep; Whether the tyranny be in his place,
Even like an o'er-grown lion in a cave, Or in his eininence that fills it up,
goes not out to prey: Now, as fond fathers I stagger in:-But this new governor
30 Having bound up the threat'ning twigs of birchi, Awakes me all the enrolled penalties, (wall Only to stick it in their children's sight, Which have, like unscour'd armour, hung by the For terror, not to use; in time the rod So long, that nineteen zodiacks have gone round, Becomes more mock'd, than fear'd: so our decrees, And none of them been worn; and, for a name, Dead to intliction, to themselves are dead; Now
puts the drowsy and neglected act 35 And liberty plucks justice by the nose; Freshly on me :-'tis, surely, for a name. The baby beats the nurse, and quite athwart
Lucio. I warrant, it is: and thy head stands so Goes all decoruin. tickle? on thy shoulders, that a mill-maid, if she Fri. It rested in your grace be in love, may sigh it off. Send after the duke, Tounloose this ty’d-up justice, when you pleas'd: and appeal to him
40 And it in you more dreadful would have seem'd, Claud. I have done so, but he's not to be found. Than in lord Angelo. I prythee, Lucio, do me this kind service:
Duke. I do fear, too dreadful: This day my sister should the cloister enter, Sith’twas my fault to give the people scope, And there receive her approbation :
Twould be my tyranny to strike and gall them, Acquaint her with the danger of my state ; 45 For what I bid them do: For we bid this be done, Inıplore her, in my voice, that she make friends Whenevildeeds havetheirpermissivepass, (father, To the strict deputy; bid herself assay him ; And not the punishment. Therefore, indeed, my I have great hope in that : for in her youth I have on Angelo impos'd the office; There is a prone' and speechless dialect, Cart Who may, in the ambushofmy name, strike home, Such as moves men; beside, she hath prosperous 50 And yet, my nature never in the siglit When she will play with reason and discourse, To do it slander: And to behold his sway, And well she can persuade.
I will, as 'twere a brother of your order, Lucio. I pray, she may: as well for the encou- Visit both prince and people: therefore, I pr'ythee, ragement of the like, which else would stand un- Supply me with the habit, and instruct me der grievous imposition; as for the enjoying of thy How I may formally in person bear me life, who I would be sorry should be thus foolishly Like a true friar. More reasons for this action, lost at a game of tick-tack. I'll to her.
At our more leisure shall I render you ; Claud. I thank you, good friend Lucio. Only, this one:-Lord Angelo is precise; Lucio. Within two hours,
Stands at a guard' with envy; scarce confesses Claud. Come, officer, away. [Ereunt.100 That his blood tlows, or that his appetite
* That is, whether it be the seeming enormity of the action, or the glare of new authority. The fault and glimpse is the same as the fault or glimpse, i. e. a fault arising from the mind being dazzled by a novel authority. ? That is, ticklish. * Prone hero scems to mean humble. * Meaning a life of retirenent. • Stricture is probably here used for strictniss. . That is, stands on terms of dctiance.
Is more to bread than stone: Ilence shall we see, Expresseth his full tilth and husbandry: [Juliet? It power change purpose, what our seemers be. İsab. Soine one with child by hiin?-Mycousin
Lucio. Is she your cousin? (names, SCENE V.
Isab, Adoptedly; as school-maids change their A Nunnery.
5 By vain though apt affection. Enter Isabella and Francisca.
Lucio. She it is. Isab. And have you nuns no farther privileges ? Isab. 0, let him
her! Nun. Are not these large enough?
Lucio. This is the point. Isab. Yes, truly: I speak not as desiring more The duke is very strangely gone from hence; But rather wishing a more strict restraint 10 Bore many gentlemen, myself being one, l'pon the sister-hood, the votarists of saint Clare. In hand, and hope of action*: but we do learn
Lucio. [//ithin.] Ho! Peace be in this place! By those that know the very nerves of state, Isub. Who's that which calls?
His givings-out were of an infinite distance Nun. It is a man's voice: Gentle Isabella, From his true meant design. Upon his place, Turn you the key, and know his business of him; 15 And with full lines of his authority, You may, I may not; you are yet unsworn: Governs lord Angelo: A man whose blood When you have vow'd, you must not speak with Is very snow-broth; one who never feels But in the presence of the prioress: (inen, The wanton stings and motions of the sense; Then, if you speak, you must not shew your face; But doth rebate and blunt his natural edge Or, if you shew your face, you must not speak. 120 With profits of the mind, study and fast. He calls again; 'I pray you, answer him. He (to give fear to use and liberty',
[Erit Frunc. Which have, for long, run by the hideous law, Isab. Peace and prosperity! Who is't that calls: As mice by lions) hath pick'd out an act, Enter Lucio.
Under whose heavy sense your brother's life Lucio. Hail, virgin, if you be; as those cheek (25 Falls into forfeit: he arrests him on it ;
Ind follows close the rigour of the statute, Proclaim you are no less! Can you so stead me, To make him an example: all hope is gone, As bring ine to the sight of Isabella,
Unless you have the grace' by your fair
prayer A novice of this place, and the fair sister To soften Angelo: and that's my pith: To her unhappy brother Claudio?
30 Of business 'twixt you and your poor brother.
Lucio. Gentle and fair, your brother kindly A warrant for his execution.
(judge, To do him good?
Lucio. Our doubts are traitors, Isab. Sir, make ine not your story.
40 And make us lose the good we oft might win, Lucio. 'Tis true: I would not (though 'tis my By fearing to attempt: Go to lord Angelo, familiar sin
And let him learn to know, when maidens sue, Slith maids to see the lapwing, and to jest, Men give like gods, but when they weepand kneel, Tongue far from heart)play with all virgins so: All their petitions are as truly theirs I hold you as a thing ensky'd, and sainted; 45 As they themselves would owe to them. By your renouncement, ani inmortal spirit;
Isab. PIl see what I can do. And to be talked with in sincerity,
Lucio. But speedily. As with a saint.
(me. Isub. I will about it strait; Isab. You do blaspheme the good, in moching No longer staying but to give the mother !!
Lucio. Donot believeit. Fewness' and truth, 'tis 50 Notice of my'atiair. I humbly thank you : Your brother and his lover have embrac'd: (thus: Commend me to my brother : soon at night As those that seed grow full; as blossoming time I'll send him certain word of my success. ? That from the seedness the barc fallow brings Lucio. I take my leave of you. To teening loyson'; so her plenteous womb Isab. Good sir, adieu.
That is, in few words. 2 For that, we should probably read doth; and instead of brings, bring. * That is, plenty, abundance. * The meaning is
, he kept many gentlemen in expectation and dependance.
$ That is, tul estent. • That is, to intimidate practices long countenanced by custom. That is, the power of gaining favour. The principal part of my message. • That is, bas stin. tenced hm, 10 To ome, bure signities, to possess, to hute. 1. The abbess,