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development of its crop; but which, in form and proportions, had little to recommend it. All pigeons are capable of inflating their crop with air, and thus of distending it. In the pouter, the crop is remarkably capacious, and, when inflated, assumes an almost globular form, extending from the under mandible to the top of the chest. This vast inflation of the crop does not, in our eyes, add anything to the beauty of the bird, as it produces an appearance of distortion, while the bird in order to carry it with ease is obliged to carry itself upright, with the legs straight and stiff, in a line with the erect body. Some think this gives the bird a majestic air, but it seems to us to be a stiff unnatural strut. The pouter often measures eighteen inches in length from the point of the beak to the end of the tail; the legs, or tarsi, are long and covered with fine white down ; the back is concave, and the tail large. The general colours are blue, rufous, or fawn, regularly pied with white; we have seen many
of a pure white, but these are not preferred. In the arrangement of the markings, and in various minor details, pigeon fanciers find much to interest themselves; to us they appear un
worthy of serious attention. Two varieties of the. pouter are respectively termed the Parisian pouter and the uploper ; but of these we do not know that we have ever seen any specimens. The former is beautifully mottled and variegated.
The Barb.—The name of this variety seenis to indicate that it was originally brought from the north of Africa. It is a bird of remarkable appearance ; there is a small carunculated wattle at the base of the beak, which latter is short and thick, and a rather large naked circle of bright red spongy rounds the eye; a short crest of prettily circled feathers generally ornaments the back of the head. The plumage is of a uniform black, occasionally dun.
THE FAN-TAIL.—Among the more curious varieties of the domestic pigeon must be enumerated the fan-tail or broad-tailed shaker. These appellations it acquires from the peculiarity of its tail, which is carried in a manner very
similar to that of a common hen, but rather more expanded. In proportion to the size of the bird, it is also more ample, being composed of four and twenty feathers, and, in some cases, even six and thirty, instead of the ordinary number, twelve. This development of supernumerary tail feathers is
remarkable, and would alone give the bird a strange aspect ; but besides this, it has the habit of throwing back its slender delicate neck till the head almost touches the tail, while, at the same time, the neck quivers with a tremulous motion. In this attitude, the chest is thrown forward, and the wings droop, while the bird seems to exult in the display. The beak is very short, the head small, and the plumage generally of a pure snowy white. Pied birds are not in estimation. There is a variety called narrow-tailed shaker, which appears to us to be nothing more than a cross between the fan-tail and some common breed. Neither of these birds have much power of flight.
Tue JACOBINE, OR CAPPER.-- This pretty little variety is remarkable for the development, silkiness, and reversion of the plumes of the back and sides of the neck, which are so disposed as to form a sort of full hood or muff in which the head is almost buried. The head is small, the beak short, the iris of the
of a clear pearl colour. The plumage varies in colour, but fawn-yellow birds are preferred : the head, the quill-feathers, and the tail, are
white. In powers of flight the jacobine is very inferior, but is much valued for its beauty. There are two allied varieties, the ruff and the capuchin, neither of which, however, are so much esteemed as the jacobine, the general characters of which they exhibit, but in an inferior degree.
THE TURBIT.- This is a small pigeon, remarkable for a frill on the top of the chest, consisting of a tuft of feathers, which opens and spreads both ways laterally with a curl ; this is termed "purle." The head is small, the beak short, the colour various, but the under parts and quill feathers are usually white. An allied variety is called the owl, from the crookedness of its beak, which is short, stout, and curved. Its chest is frilled.
The Nun.---This pigeon is very pretty, and much admired from the contrast of its markings. The general plumage is white, with the exception of the head, quill feathers and tail, which are yellow, blue, or black; the latter the most preferred. On the top of the coloured head, is a white tuft of carded feathers, which, from a fancied resemblance to a veil, has obtained for this variety its appellation. The beak is small, the iris pearl-white. A variety
called the helmet is closely allied to the preceding, but instead of a full tuft or hood on the head, has a crest somewhat resembling that of a helmet. In other respects, there is no difference, except, perhaps, that the latter is rather the largest bird. THE TRUMPETER.--This variety is not often
It has a tuft on the back of the head, and another springing above the base of the beak over the forehead; the legs and toes are feathered. The plumage is generally mottled. Its cooing in the spring is loud and harsh, whence it has obtained the name of trumpeter.
THE TUMBLER.-The tumbler is a small pigeon, much esteemed for the peculiarity of its flight, and when a flock is on the wing, the sight is not uninteresting. The title of tumbler is given in allusion to the backward summersets, often several times repeated, which these birds make in the air, but whether from amusement, or from some cause or other they become overbalanced, is not very clear; we have observed that when they prepare to alight, these somersets are most frequently repeated, and as it would seem, hinder the bird for some time from accomplishing its object. Perhaps, however, this is all in playfulness, for the