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black-necked swan

of Chili, we shall say nothing; indeed, our notice of the wild swans of the northern hemisphere is intended rather to give a list of the species allied more or less to the tame or mute swan, than to enter into the minutiæ of their history.

Here, then, we may close our account of the birds legitimately coming under the head of domestic poultry. A few words may be permitted on another subject. We commenced the work with a reference to the early history of man, and endeavoured to show from several facts, and among others, from his availing himself, even at the outset of his career of labour, of the services of such animals as would assist him by their docility, strength, or intelligence, or supply him with food and clothing, that a savage condition is alien to his nature. This is emphatically declared by Scripture. - God created man in his own image,” and though that image is defaced, it is not obliterated ; nor has he lost that “dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth


the earth,” with which the Creator invested him. This dominion consists not only in superiority, connected with the

possession of intellect, of reason, but arises also from the total difference as to the end and aim of his creation-his future destiny and condition. He is destined for immortality, he is gifted with reason-a knowledge of good and evil, and language in which to express his ideas, and worship the Giver of every good and perfect gift. When we contemplate man in this light, we cannot but see his position in creation ; but he holds another position,--a position before his God who is his Creator, and will be his Judge. Is this position one of perfect innocence and holiness ? No! Man fell from his first estate and lost that position, and the human race now stands before God, as guilty, as criminal, as condemned by the law, to break one tittle of which is to break the whole. Man is amenable to punishment; and is there means of escape? Yes, he can escape, for the door of mercy is not closed ; nay, he is invited to flee for refuge from the wrath to come, and so plain is the path, that the wayfaring man cannot err therein. It is through the atonement made by our Lord Jesus Christ, who “bore our sins in his own body on the tree,” when he in whom the fulness of the Godhead dwelt bodily, was crucified, offering ap himself as a sacrifice for the guilt of the world ; "he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities : the chastisement of our peace was upon him ; and by his stripes we are healed. The Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all,” Isa. liii. 5, 6. It is through faith in the great atonement which Jesus made when he gave up his life as a ransom for sinners, that man can escape the judgment of God. This faith must be a lively principle implanted in him by the holy Spirit, which God has promised to those who ask in true sincerity. (See Luke xi. 13.) There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.” Rom. viii. 1.

It was on this atonement, promised to Adam, after his fall, that the prophets and holy men of old depended,—but they saw as through a glass, darkly. To us a purer light is given, a bright revelation full of hope and joy is made, and while it humbles our pride, or self-sufficiency, and shows us our guilt, it offers us pardon and peace, and the bliss of heaven, where the Redeemer, once rejected by men, sits on a throne of glory.

How transcendently joyful are the prospects of the Christian !

But all are not Christians even among those who claim to be so accounted, and whole nations are involved in worse than Egyptian darkness,-the darkness of the soul. Yet the day will come, in which all nations shall be brought to the knowledge of the truth, for to the Messiah is promised the heathen for an inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for a possession. (Psalm ii. 8.) Such, then, is the exaltation upon earth, to which the Divine decree has appointed the human race. Even now the day is brightening; Christianity can number among its sincere professors men of every clime, from the ice-bound north, to the sunny

isles of the southern seas; the skinclad Greenlander, familiar with the waves ; the hardy Russ and Sclavonian ; the Anglo, the Frank, the Hindoo, the Negro, the red rover of the American forest, and the fierce Polynesian, once an idolater and a cannibal. Surely Providence is bringing the great work to pass, when wars, and cruelty, and oppression shall cease, and "the knowledge of the Lord shall cover the earth as the waters cover the



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