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Sec, 11.

The President, in his discretion, is authorized to detail any medical officer of the Government to serve in the office of the consul at any foreign port for the purpose of furnishing information and making the inspection and giving the bills of health hereinbefore mentioned. Any vessel clearing and sailing from any such port without such bill of health, and entering any port of the United States, shall forfeit to the United States not more than five thousand dollars, the amount to be determined by the court, which shall be a lien on the same, to be recovered by proceedings in the proper district court of the United States. In all such proceedings the United States district attorney for such district shall appear on behalf of the United States; and all such proceedings shall be

conducted in accordance with the rules and laws governAug. 18, 1894. ing cases of seizure of vessels for violation of the revenue

laws of the United States. The provisions of this section shall not apply to vessels plying between foreign ports on or near the frontiers of the United States and ports of the United States adjacent thereto; but the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized, when, in his discretion, it is expedient for the preservation of the public

health, to establish regulations governing such vessels. Feb. 15, 1893.

Any vessel sailing from any foreign port without the Mar. 3, 1901. bill of health required by section two of this Act, and

arriving within the limits of any collection district of the United States, and not entering or attempting to enter any port of the United States, shall be subject to such quarantine measures as shall be prescribed by regulations of the Secretary of the Treasury, and the cost of such measures shall be a lien on said vessel, to be recovered by proceedings in the proper district court of the United States and in the manner set forth above as regards vessels from foreign ports without bills of health and entering any port of the United States.

316. Quarantine regulations. Feb. 15, 1893. The Surgeon-General of the Public Health Service July 1, 1902. shall, immediately after this act takes effect, examine Aug. 14, 1912. the quarantine regulations of all State and municipal

boards of health, and shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, coöperate with and aid State and municipal boards of health in the execution and enforcement of the rules and regulations of such boards and in the execution and enforcement of the rules and regulations made by the Secretary of the Treasury to prevent the introduction of contagious or infectious diseases into the United States from foreign countries, and into one State or Territory or the District of Columbia from another State or Territory or the District of Columbia, and all rules and regulations made by the Secretary of the Treasury shall operate uniformly and in no manner discriminate against any port or place; and at such ports and places within the United States as have no quarantine

Sec. 3.

regulations under State or municipal authority, where such regulations are, in the opinion of the Secretary of the Treasury, necessary to prevent the introduction of contagious or infectious diseases into the United States from foreign countries, or into one State or Territory or the District of Columbia from another State or Territory or the District of Columbia, and at such ports and places within the United States where quarantine regulations exist under the authority of the State or municipality which, in the opinion of the Secretary of the Treasury, are not sufficient to prevent the introduction of such diseases into the United States, or into one State or Territory or the District of Columbia from another State or Territory or the District of Columbia, the Secretary of the Treasury shall, if in his judgment it is necessary and proper, make such additional rules and regulations as are necessary to prevent the introduction of such diseases into the United States from foreign countries, or into one State or Territory or the District of Columbia from another State or Territory or the District of Columbia, and when said rules and regulations have been made they shall be promulgated by the Secretary of the Treasury and enforced by the sanitary authorities of the States and municipalities, where the State or municipal health authorities will undertake to execute and enforce them; but if the State or municipal authorities shall fail or refuse to enforce said rules and regulations the President shall execute and enforce the same and adopt such measures as in his judgment shall be necessary to prevent the introduction or spread of such diseases, and may detail or appoint officers for that purpose. The Secretary of the Treasury shall make such rules and regulations as are necessary to be observed by vessels at the port of departture and on the voyage, where such vessels sail from any foreign port or place to any port or place in the United States, to secure the best sanitary condition of such vessel, her cargo, passengers, and crew; which shall be published and communicated to and enforced by the consular officers of the United States. None of the penalties herein imposed shall attach to any vessel or owner or officer thereof until a copy of this act, with the rules and regulations made in pursuance thereof, has been posted up in the office of the consul or other consular officer of the United States for ten days, in the port from which said vessel sailed; and the certificate of such consul or consular officer over his official signature shall be competent evidence of such posting in any court of the United States.

The Secretary of the Treasury shall from time to time Feb. 15, 1893. issue to the consular officers of the United States and to the medical officers serving at any foreign port, and otherwise made publicly known, the rules and regulations made by him, to be used and complied with by vessels in foreign ports, for securing the best sanitary condition

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of such vessels, their cargoes, passengers, and crew, be-
fore their departure for any port in the United States, and
in the course of the voyage; and all such other rules and
regulations as shall be observed in the inspection of the
same on the arrival thereof at any quarantine station
at the port of destination, and for the disinfection and
isolation of the same, and the treatment of cargo and
persons on board, so as to prevent the introduction of
cholera, yellow fever, or other contagious or infectious
diseases; and it shall not be lawful for any vessel to enter
said port to discharge its cargo, or land its passengers,
except upon a certificate of the health officer at such quar-
antine station certifying that said rules and regulations
have in all respects been observed and complied with, as
well on his part as on the part of the said vessel and its
master, in respect to the same and to its cargo, passen-
gers, and crew; and the master of every such vessel shall
produce and deliver to the collector of customs at said
port of entry, together with the other papers of the ves-
sel, the said bills of health required to be obtained at the
port of departure and the certificate herein required to
be obtained from the health officer at the port of entry;
and that the bills of health herein prescribed shall be con-
sidered as part of the ship's papers, and when duly certi-
fied to by the proper consular officer or other officer of the
United States, over his official signature and seal, shall be
accepted as evidence of the statements therein contained
in any court of the United States.
317. Quarantine inspection.

On the arrival of an infected vessel at any port not provided with proper facilities for treatment of the same, the Secretary of the Treasury may remand said vessel, at its own expense, to the nearest national or other quarantine station, where accommodations and appliances are provided for the necessary disinfection and treatment of the vessel, passengers, and cargo; and after treatment of

, any infected vessel at a national quarantine station, and after certificate shall have been given by the United States quarantine oflicer at said station that the vessel, cargo, and passengers are each and all free from infectious disease, or danger of conveying the same, said vessel shall be admitted to entry to any port of the United States named within the certificate. But at any ports where sufficient quarantine provision has been made by State or local authorities the Secretary of the Treasury may direct vessels bound for said ports to undergo quarantine at said State or local station.

318. Quarantine anchorage. Feb. 15, 1893. The Surgeon-General, with the approval of the SecreMar. 3, 1901. tary of the Treasury, is authorized to designate and mark

the boundaries of the quarantine grounds and quarantine

Sec. 6.

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anchorages for vessels which are reserved for use at each
United States quarantine station; and any vessel or officer
of any vessel or other person, other than State or munici-
pal health or quarantine officers, trespassing or otherwise
entering upon such grounds or anchorages in disregard
of the quarantine rules and regulations, or without per-
mission of the officer in charge of such station, shall be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to arrest,
and upon conviction thereof be punished by a fine of not
more than three hundred dollars or imprisonment for not
more than one year, or both, in the discretion of the
court. Any master or owner of any vessel, or any person
violating any provision of this Act or any rule or regula-
tion made in accordance with this Act, relating to inspec-
tion of vessels or relating to the prevention of the
introduction of contagious or infectious diseases, or any
master, owner, or agent of any vessel making a false
statement relative to the sanitary condition of said vessel
or its contents or as to the health of any passenger or
person thereon, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor
and subject to arrest, and upon conviction thereof be
punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars
or imprisonment for not more than one year, or both, in
the discretion of the court.
319. Suspension of commerce.

Whenever it shall be shown to the satisfaction of the Feb. 15, 1893. President that by reason of the existence of cholera or other infectious or contagious diseases in a foreign country there is serious danger of the introduction of the same into the United States, and that notwithstanding the quarantine defense this danger is so increased by the introduction of persons or property from such country that a suspension of the right to introduce the same is demanded in the interest of the public health, the President shall have power to prohibit, in whole or in part, the introduction of persons and property from such countries or places as he shall designate and for such period of time as he may deem necessary.

Whenever it shall be made to appear to the satisfaction Mar. 27, 1890. of the President that cholera, yellow fever, small-pox or plague exists in any State or Territory, or in the District of Columbia, and that there is danger of the spread of such disease into other States, Territories, or the District of Columbia, he is hereby authorized to cause the Secretary of the Treasury to promulgate such rules and regulations as in his judgment may be necessary to prevent the spread of such disease from one State or Territory into another, or from any State or Territory into the District of Columbia, or from the District of Columbia into any State or Territory, and to employ such inspectors and other persons as may be necessary to execute such regulations to prevent the spread of such disease. The

Sec. 7.

Sec. 2.

Sec. 3.

said rules and regulations shall be prepared by the SurJuly 1, 1902. geon-General of the Public Health Service under the Aug. 14, 1912. direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, and any per

son who shall willfully violate any rule or regulation so made and promulgated shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars, or imprisonment for not more than two years, or both, in the discretion of the court.

320. Penalties. Mar. 27, 1890. Any officer, or person acting as an officer, or agent of

the United States at any quarantine station, or other person employed to aid in preventing the spread of such disease, who shall willfully violate any of the quarantine laws of the United States, or any of the rules and regulations made and promulgated by the Secretary of the Treasury as provided for in section one of this act, or any lawful order of his superior officer or officers, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be punished by a fine of not more than three hundred dollars or imprisonment for not more than one year, or both, in the discretion of the court.

When any common carrier or officer, agent, or employee of any common carrier shall willfully violate any of the quarantine laws of the United States, or the rules and regulations made and promulgated as provided for in section one of this act, such common carrier, officer, agent, or employee shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars, or imprisonment for not more

than two years or both, in the discretion of the court. Aug. 1, 1888.

Whenever any person shall trespass upon the grounds belonging to any quarantine reservation,

such person, trespassing, * shall, upon conviction thereof, pay a fine of not more than three hundred dollars, or be sentenced to imprisonment for a period of not more than thirty days, or shall be punished by both fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the court. And it shall be the duty of the United States attorney in the district where the misdemeanor shall have been com

mitted to take immediate cognizance of the offense, upon July 1, 1902; report made to him by any medical officer of the Public Aug. 14, 1912.

Health Service, or by any officer of the customs service,
or by any State officer acting under authority of section
five of said act.
321. State health laws.

The quarantines and other restraints established by the health-laws of any State, respecting any vessels arriving in, or bound to, any port or district thereof, shall be duly observed by the officers of the customs revenue of the United States, by the masters and crews of the several

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R. S., 4792

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