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Most of Alfred's people seem to have received the impress of its University--they are gentle, kindly, and well spoken, with a suggestion of "difference" perhaps due to the observance of Saturday as the “Sabbath." On that day the stores are all closed, secular activities being resumed on Sunday. The University, however, observes both holy days. Even the small children know the distinction between the days. "Do you go to Sunday school?" a visitor asked a little boy. "No, sir," was the prompt reply: "I go to Sabbath school." The University has spread a circle of influence throughout the region in which it is situated that surprises and pleases the sojourner

who comes to Alfred for a summer holiday



10 this day I have looked forward flect upon that vote and gain courage to much more than ever before. They seem often, always with a feeling of sor- believe that I may not be an altogether not only more interesting, but more userow, and sometimes with dread. hopeless ass, after all.

ful. "There," I say, "is something I must It has stood in my mind as the boundary When first the suspicion dawned on remember. It's a good line to spring on mark between the two stages of my me that perhaps I might not "do things," So-and-So next time he starts to argue." life, and the happier one the one behind. I was worried. When suspicion changed I make a note of it, and when next I It is my thirtieth birthday.

to substantial certainty, I was pro- meet my friend So and So I find that I Thirty is, in itself, the most unsatis- foundly depressed-depressed and mel. have completely forgotten it.

If any factory of ages. At thirty one does not ancholy and spiritless. The depression argument starts, he, as usual, wins it have the matured judgment of middle lasted for several years—years that I by default. Nor am I at all chagrined; age nor the philosophic calm that is wasted in futile regret when I might it rather amuses me to reflect that he said to be the redeeming joy of senes- have had so much fun out of life, My is mentally classing me as a "crackcence. At thirty one's opinions have to regret now is for the wasted years brained parlor Bolshevik." He uses be proved and not merely stated; one rather than for the vanished visions, "crack-brained" in preference to “longmay be listened to with interest or though, after all, it is a bit sad to haired" because, knowing what I look amazement, but not always with respect. know that with only one life to live like, he knows that the latter is an And, worst of all, at thirty one is youth- there is scant hope of making as much obvious misstatement. But what he ful but no longer young. out of it as one would like.

thinks, and in especial what he thinks No startling metamorphosis has taken Then came the war, and with it one of me, no longer matters. place since yesterday, when I was high adventure, one short romance, and Therein lies the advantage of liberaltwenty-nine, for, after all, a birthday is one great sorrow. The end of 1919 ism; therein also are the satisfactions only a date and not a reagent. Yet it found me still more embittered, disillu. of incompetency. For when one is a is a far different world from the one I sioned, and nearly lost to hope. I read liberal he believes in many unpopular used to know five years ago, and quite tremendously. I tried to write myself, movements, and adheres too passionately another thing altogether from what I and couldn't. I talked and worked and to none; if he did, he would cease to be thought I saw at twenty-one. I like it associated with radicals and reformers just a liberal and would be a Socialist, better. I have discovered what might be of all sorts. I became interested in or a Communist, or a Single-Taxer, or called the "satisfactions of incompe- politics and economics, subjects that I something else instead. And when one tency."

had detested in college. And in the end is an incompetent he too may be acutely By "incompetency" I imply the alter. I arrived somewhere—just where I do interested in many things and actively native definition according to Messrs. not know. When one in his rambles involved in none. Only those whose Funk & Wagnalls—“lack of the special comes upon an unexpectedly lovely spot, help is valuable are called upon to spend qualities required for a particular pur. its name is unimportant.

their lives in helping; only those who pose." I can do many things fairly well; It is somewhere in what I have heard have accomplished somethirg does any I have even been able to make a very described as "the twilight zone called one bother to slander. decent living under more than com- liberalism" that I now am, and I find it The path of the incompetent, there. monly agreeable conditions. But none very pleasant. Excepting other liberals, fore, is easy. If he be an incompetent of all the dreams and hopes and aspira- there are few who care what a liberal who once dreamed dreams, he may entions that I had at twenty-one has been thinks, and still fewer why he thinks it. joy vicariously the fruits of another's realized, or ever will be. I lack the The reactionaries class him with the success without the accompanying pains special qualities to do any one thing radicals, and the radicals class him with of travail. The spark of divine disconthoroughly well.

the dubs. My own friends think that tent that once smoldered within him has I had dreams in my early twenties, I am a bit crazy. It leaves me free to flickered and gone out, and there are rather fine dreams, of the things that I form, and occasionally to express, my left only a few gray ashes-gray ashes was going to do. Some of them come to own opinions without the obligation of and a few pale ghosts of unborn desires. me still—wistful waifs that sometimes explaining them, a thing which I do But they are pleasant ghosts withal, hover about when I cannot sleep o' very poorly indeed.

and if sometimes the ashes seem too nights and look at me a bit reproach- We who stand here in this twilight gray he may warm his hands at the fire fully. But if in their vague shapes zone like to think that we see things a more competent person has kindled. there is a little of sadness for what from the proper angle. People who The genius has fame, but the incompenever was, there is also a deal of the stand elsewhere also like to think the tent has fun. beauty of what might have been. They same thing, and we all have the privi- And so to-day, at this milestone, I are rather agreeable ghosts to have lege of thinking the other a fool. Yet feel that life has not used me so badly, haunt one.

for myself, I know that in other days and that the world is a rather decent Perhaps I hoped for too much. In I never experienced the keen pleasure of place, after all. With a body that is the early twenties a mild form of ego- discrimination that I experience now. still young, I have already secured some tism is almost a virtue, and, in any It makes even the daily newspapers in- of the compensations supposedly reevent, I was inoculated with it, for at teresting.

served for old age. For, once my high that age I had just left college, where a As random examples of what I mean, ambitions had faded. I came to feel, not goodly measure of success had been I have learned to appreciate, almost that nothing matters, but that nothing mine. I had entered, an unknown fresh- automatically, such things as the vital matters much. man afflicted with an offensive shyness. difference between Lloyd George and Is this an immoral philosophy at When I was graduated, I had become Jan Smuts, while not lost in complete which I have arrived? I do not think one of the "big" men of the university. and rapt admiration for either, or beBy undergraduate standards I had tween Henry van Dyke and Edgar Lee To know one's own limitations, so that achieved everything worth trying for Masters. It is, by the way, in literature one need no longer doubt; to have hopes save the 'Varsity letter in athletics. To especially that this new discrimination that are strong but not consuming; to cap the climax, in the spring of senior gives me its chiefest rewards. Some au- discover that one's weaknesses are measyear, when so many other inconse- thors I now cannot read at all, but, on ured only by another's strength-these quential "statistics" are compiled, I was the other hand, I can these days enjoy are the satisfactions of incompetency. voted "the brightest man in the class.” the ancient works of Plato and Marcus To-day I am thirty, an admitted in. I went out into the world with great Aurelius quite as much as a new book competent, and I am beginning to enjoy curiosity and few doubts.

Even now, by Zona Gale or Rose Macaulay. And life again after ten years of futile diswhen things go particularly badly I re- the books that I do enjoy I enjoy so content.

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(C) Paul Thompson


(C) Paul Thompson


THE COMMON WEAL OF (C) Harris & Ewing







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EN years ago, the Fourth of July support an unconditional treaty of arbi- It is with particular pleasure that

was celebrated only by Americans, tration, covering all subjects, between there has been received from Viscount

as their own exclusive National England and America. While there is Bryce, O.M., whose Ambassadorship in anniversary. To-day, the Fourth of in this country a widespread sentiment the United States was so memorable, July is claimed by others. It belongs among many people in favor of some this message in his own hand: to the entire commonwealth of peoples kind of a league of nations to prevent

One of the things that is most who speak the English language. Over war, I am unable as yet to support needed in our time is the creation of the Houses of Parliament in London unconditional arbitration between the a public opinion of the civilized world we have seen waving on this day United States and all countries. For which, being formed by the best the Stars and Stripes, honored equally instance, there is the immigration prob- minds of the leading nations and with the Union Jack. For years Sulgrave lem affecting Japan, and even Italy, on

supported by the solid sense of the

more educated part of the mass of Manor, the home of George Washing. which I should not consent to arbitrate.

the people everywhere could judge ton's ancestors, has been as carefully But with Britain I am ready. I think, by

political and social questions with tended as Mount Vernon, the home of the way, that you should clear up your more fairness and deliver a weightier Washington himself.

Irish question as quickly as possible. judgment upon them than any single These amenities express a fact of pro- It does you harm in the United States, nation can do. In the formation of found importance—that for the whole and also, from what I learn, in Canada such a "world opinion"—and there world good relations between the United and Australia."

are already some few signs that it States of America and the British Com- That opinion may well stand first

may be formed the opinion of the I shall

English-speaking peoples will monwealth of Nations are essential to on this Fourth of July.


the most powerful factor, for they peace-essential, therefore, to the bless- never forget the little room, the two or

are the most numerous and most ings which depend on peace. Hence it three books on the table at Mr. Roose

widely spread over the whole earth. has seemed good to the editors of The velt's hand, and the vigorous, kindly, Possessed of the same traditions Outlook to write me to collect for this indomitable man lying there, without from their early history, and cherishFourth of July a number of messages apparently one thought of his own cir- ing the same ideals, they can underfrom eminent men expressive of the cumstances. No war within the stand one another better than can any common sense of the common wealth English-speaking nations that was

other peoples. It is for the interest

of mankind as a whole, as well as invested in Anglo-American friendship. among his last thoughts.

for their own interest that they A few days before he died Theodore The visit of the Prince of Wales

should bring an opinion as far as Roosevelt was good enough to ask me to evoked a most cordial response from

possible united to bear upon the socall upon him in hospital. I doubt Americans of all parties and creeds. It is

lution of the great problems, perhaps whether he knew how near he was to therefore gratifying to record that The more difficult than ever before, which the end, and, while I could see that he Outlook has received from the personal mankind has to solve now that all its was unusually pale, I certainly did not secretary of the Prince a request that peoples are being drawn together realize that I was intrusted perhaps with this Special Number be sent to his Royal

more and more closely.

JAMES BRYCE. his last message to a journalist on for Highness at St. James's Palace, where it eign policy. "I want you to under- is recognized that we are dealing "with Since leaving the United States, Visstand," he said, "that, in my judgment, the question which he [the Prince of count Bryce has entered the House of no cause of difference can ever arise Wales) has very closely at heart.” Lords. It is, however, significant that anywhere or at any time which would A personal note has also been re- he still signs himself in plain American justify war between your country and ceived from former President Taft—the fashion-James Bryce-as he used to do mine. I do not know that I should have advocate of international arbitration, as Ambassador at Washington. been ready to say this five years ago or who sends his "best wishes" for the For centuries no Lord High Chan. ten years ago, but I am now prepared to Fourth of July Number of The Outlook. cellor of England had, until recently,

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left the shores of Great Britain during affinity "opens large perspectives down his official guardianship of the Great which, I fear, I cannot pause to look." Seal, which is the badge of supreme Every lawyer in the English-speaking authority under the British crown. The countries of the world recognizes that first Lord Chancellor to break this the "large perspectives” of Anglo-Saxon precedent was Viscount Haldane, O.M., jurisprudence are a common heritage of and he crossed the ocean in order to our courts. visit the United States. Lord Haldane's Sir Robert L. Borden, for many years message is as follows:

Prime Minister of Canada, writes thus:

28, Queen Anne's Gate,

Westminster. To the Editor of The Outlook:

I think that in regions not yet fully known to the public in both countries, the relationship between the people of the United States and Great Britain, in modes of thought and action, is growing more and more intimate. In Philosophy, in Science, in Jurisprudence, in the Theory of the State, new knowledge is growing up for both nations. Each is influencing the other, and the mutual stimulation which is taking place is highly beneficial. It is also important as contributing to unison of spirit in other directions.

HALDANE. 27 May, 1921.

In the great democracies of the world the issue of peace or war is more and more controlled by the people. The course of the British Government in 1914 and that of the American Government in 1917 exemplify this truth. Thus the individual responsibility of each citizen for the peace of the world has become more strikingly manifest. Upon a solemn and abiding sense of that personal responsibility among the people and in the press peace must chiefly rest in the future.

The struggle for economic advantage or supremacy powerfully influences the attitude and policy of each nation. Surely we have learned that the inconceivable and farreaching destruction and waste resulting from war under modern conditions offsets a hundred times all advantage that war can bring even to the victor. And the destruction is not physical alone; it affects also the moral fabric of society.

In the methods of determining international disputes humanity has made little, if any, advance during

more than twenty centuries. Democracy as we realize it is a new thing in the world. Let it bring to humanity this great service of ensuring peace by substituting international arbitrament for international murder. If our two democracies kindred in race, language, institutions, and ideals cannot meet that supreme test, the future is clouded with darkness and even with despair, R. L. BORDEN.

Ottawa, 14 June, 1921. In the Senate of the United States to. day there is a personality that stands out boldly and is known throughout the world. Senator Borah, of Idaho, the champion of disarmament, writes for The Outlook in these terms:

There are very few Americans who do not realize the importance of friendly relations between the two great English-speaking peoples. Perhaps civilization itself, as we understand the word, depends upon that relationship. For illustration, the cause of disarmament must halt and die if the United States and Great Britain are to be at enmity. And if disarmament is to fail and the race of armaments is to go forward, economic chaos, bankruptcy, and war are not far removed,

I do not mean to say that these two Powers alone should disarm, but I do mean to say that, unless they are willing to do so, nothing can be accomplished, and if they are willing to do so, other Powers will be induced to accede to a like programme. While

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