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Japan, instead of being left to fight her battle alone, should be included in the comradeship of the Great Powers. where her prestige would be acknowledged without effort on her part, military or otherwise.”
It is our aim to show every side of this great problem. The Hon. George Foster Peabody is a close friend of former President Woodrow Wilson, a Director of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, and a firm believer in international idealism. To The Outlook he sends this message:
If the principle of the brotherhood of all men be made the basis of a closer relationship between the peoples and Governments of the British Empire and the United States, there will be the greatest hope from every approach to a clearer understanding of the spirit of the men and women whose religious practice and political faith have common basis in Magna Charta, from which our Declaration of Independence logically evolved.
Our so-called melting-pot experience adds the emphasis needed upon the equal qualities and capacities of peoples of all races and languages. Therefore any closer union to be effective must at every point recognize the equal rights of all peoples and nations and definitely avoid any alliance that would mean in effect an overlordship or super-leadership by the Anglo-Saxon peoples with or without other allies.
From this standpoint, Anglo-American co-operation should be founded upon a common service and sacrifice for others.
Another distinctive view is expressed in a letter received from Mr. Darwin P. Kingsley, the President of the New York Life Insurance Company, who has long
insisting, as the people of this coun-
There are two great problems
Owing to some misunderstanding, it was recently announced that Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, President of Columbia University, New York, would address the Imperial Conference of Prime Ministers, now assembling in London. Dr. Butler has proceeded to London, and will undoubtedly confer in perhaps more informal fashion with statesmen there gathered; and before sailing he was consulted by President Harding, who is, it is safe to assume, fully cognizant of Dr. Butler's large conception of American policy, based as it is upon a new view of Anglo-American cooperation in Asia. Dr. Butler was good enough to give me a special interview for The Outlook.
"I was present," he said, "in the
House of Commons when Gladstone's Government was defeated in 1886 over the first Home Rule Bill. It seemed to me even then to be a grave error in political psychology. That first rejection of Home Rule was surely a solemn blunder. Not that I can now give any solution either for your Irish or for our Negro problem.”
Dr. Butler discounted the idea of a conflict between the United States and Japan. He thought that Japan would agree to shut off all further immigration into California provided that immi. grants already admitted were received, like Hungarians or Poles, into full American citizenship. He is not, however, entirely at ease over the renewal of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. He would apply a solution of wider scope to the Asiatic situation. "From the Nile to the Ganges,” said he, “there is a definite propaganda fomenting unrest, which is essentially the same in all Oriental countries. This agitation may be compared with the free silver campaign in the United States, which was promoted by means of little meetings here, there, and everywhere, with one invariable theme under discussion. England is being thus attacked in the East not because she is England, but because she is the chief representative of European civilization as a whole. The East is being aroused against the politics, the economics, and the religion of the West. It is a definite challenge which we should meet with a definite answer. The Five Great PowersFrance, the United States, Japan, Italy, and Britain--should act together. Brit. ain and France should be supported by the rest of us in their large respon. sibilities throughout the East. And
leading nations and suppented by the solid suure of
mine furniers and deliver a weegthen judgment upon them
the an any segle natinicando le tue
any other heller for
the intercit of mantenich as a while, uswell a.. ho then on interest that then, should bring
huiui ar for as possible united to hanefen the solution of the
great hooblem, hechammare difficult non than one hefre, whech hanteriel has to solve um that allit hedder me wangermen together one vana, Bryce
advocated what Tennyson called "the
Itae ting The world is controlled politically
។ by sovereignties. Sovereignties are bound, by the
line curaten of " hablis chinen
1 very nature of their being, to en
he croach on each other; a struggle for
inlich, hring formed by the best nnico of existence has naturally followed, and the fit and powerful alone survive.
By the developments of science the world has so shrunk that the United
ducated host , the news of the heable enery States and the British Empire together are not as large, measured in terms of transportation and the
wch ne transmission of information, as the thirteen colonies were in 1789.
This has intensified the struggle. Germany's determination to burst the "ring of iron" by which she claimed
the onein of to be bound in 1914 was an acute phase of the conflict of sovereignties.
Leagues or courts in which the units are sovereignties are mere palliatives; they solve no problems.
The problems cannot be solved by any artificial structure; they will be solved only by a plan which assumes and provides for organic growth. The idea (if not the model) lies in the Federal Government of the United States. All the , Englishspeaking states of the world should
It federate under a constitution modeled on the Constitution of the United States.
Such federation-quite apart from its preponderant power-would end war over more than half the earth. As the Federal Government ex
wa uwe closedy panded from thirteen to forty-eight States, so might the federation of the English world expand until it finally
FACSIMILE OF THE LETTER FROM VISCOUNT BRYCE included all civilized peoples. This would be organic growth.
variety of professional gatherings- woman, to help bring about a solid This would not destroy nationality, so that the academic world on each friendship between England and but create a finer instrument to meet side of the line understands its America. The English actor has higher needs. neighbor.
more power for good or evil in this This would end war. With gracious readiness, Mr. David
respect than the average private inBetween American and Canadian col- Belasco, as representing the American
dividual. There are several clubs and leges there are now intimate associa.
associations in America designed to drama, writes for The Outlook as fol.
promote friendship between the two tions. Sir Robert A. Falconer, President lows:
countries, but the theatrical profesof the University of Toronto, writes for
Our theater grows daily more and sion as a body can do so much more The Outlook as follows:
more cosmopolitan. The American than all these manufactured associaThe universities of Canada and the
public has a place in its heart for all tions put together, l'nited States have very many points
comers worthy of the great rewards of similarity, though the national it has to give. Our relations and
Mr. Arliss tells the story of Blakerey characteristics of the two peoples are interchange of players with the Eng
(or someone else) who slipped on a marked upon these institutions. For
lish stage have been particularly a generation students have been go- gratifying.
banana skin in New York and cried
The bond of language ing in large numbers from the and sympathy has always been a
out, in his undignified sitting posture, Canadian universities to such uni- strong one. While in London, on my
"I knew I shouldn't like the beastly versities as Johns Hopkins, Harvard,
recent trip abroad, I was struck by country!" Not among actors only, but and Yale for post-graduate work,
the ease, finish, and charm of many among all who cross the ocean, there and in more recent years to Colum
actors and actresses, and, generally is this tendency to judge of one country bia, Cornell, Chicago, and other insti- speaking, by their admirable diction. or of the other by superficial imprestutions, which have become equipped
They follow the lead of France in
sions. And, possibly, Americans hardly for this purpose. These Canadians that vital point. And, I think, there
realize that nine-tenths of the movie have been warmly welcomed and is plenty of emotional power to call have taken their share of honors. In
upon. Much of the talk of English
films shown in the British Empire are fact, this emigration has in too many
lack of temperament is nonsense.
American and furnish what is repreinstances become permanent, and it
But it is possible that English pro- sented to be life in America. In India is safe to say that hundreds of the ducers rather than the players are American films are shown which would brightest Canadians are to-day hold
responsible for some want of snap, a be censured in most States of the ing high positions in the colleges and
tendency to overdo restraint.
Union. universities of the United States. Mr. George Arliss, whose interpreta- A word may here be said dismissing This has been a serious drain on tion of "The Green Goddess" has de. as unfounded the occasional rumors of Canada. There has been, also, little
lighted New York, is "greatly inter- vast sums spent by the British on in the nature of a return stream.
It There is much academic inter
ested" in this subject of the Anglo- propaganda in the United States. course between the two countries-in American stage. He says:
can be said emphatically that Britain learned and scientific societies at
It is the duty of every Englishman,
does not want friendly Americans to be their annual meetings and in a great and especially of every English- hyphenates even in her interest. T. Americans that Britain respects are conscience shed upon the times, was hundred per cent Americans.
precisely that which inspired the inThe deepest of all bonds between the comparable heroism of the people of various commonwealths is religion. It
Plymouth Rock. To-day the lands was the Society for the Propagation of
are one in the living spirit of faith
which is remolding the ancient forms the Gospel in Foreign Parts—what Eng.
to the new conditions and widening land calls the S. P. G.—which, as Miss the horizons of religion to every kind Sebring, the Principal, reminds me, of human interest. They stood bestarted the St. Agatha School for Girls side one another and fought to the in New York over two centuries ago. death in the Great War, and they
It is on the King James's Version of are one in the highest interpretations the Bible as read by Washington that
and aims of peace. every President takes the oath of office. The Bible came over to the United In the distribution of the Bible our States in the Mayflower. It was Dwight two nations are intimately associated. L. Moody who, more than any popular It is a work that makes history. Dr. preacher, brought the Bible back to William I. Haven, General Secretary of England again. I am therefore glad to the American Bible Society, thus writes have from Mr. William R. Moody, the about it for The Outlook:
President of the Northfield Schools, Instances of fellowship are worth which his father founded, the following noting. For example, the new Span- message: ish Version of the New Testament has been produced, after many years,
The term "the old country" has
only one meaning in America, and as the co-operative labor of the two
that is, Great Britain. However we Societies in equal shares. In the same way the two Societies (American and
may differ at times in our point of British) have worked together in the
view and in our policies, in every translation and revision of the Scrip
great moral crisis in the world, I betures in Japan, the American Bible
lieve, we shall stand together, for the Society bearing half the cost and the
spiritual forces of our two countries British and Scotch Societies sharing
are the greatest factors in molding the other half.
public opinion. What is essential is
that there shall be in both our counSimilar co-operation between the tries a greater spirit of mutual conBritish and American Societies has fidence and faith. been maintained all over the world. All churches—Catholic, Baptist, Qua- 'eminent leader of the Free Synagogue
From Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, the ker, Episcopalian, Methodist-link up
in New York, there comes the same genthe Old World with the New. The his
eral testimony: “There is nothing," he toric parish of Trinity, Wall Street, was
writes, “which lies nearer to my heart founded from Bow Church, London.
than the hope of unshatterable underThere is a constant interchange of
standing between the two Englishpreachers. Dr. Fort Newton occupies speaking commonwealths.” He adds: the pulpit of the City Temple, and Dr.' John Kelman succeeds Dr. Jowett at the
It is undebatable that we have the
right to urge the Executive and the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church. Dr.
Senate to move forward honestly and Kelman writes for The Outlook:
genuinely on behalf of a disarmaThe bonds between America and ment conference with England and Scotland stretch back through cen- Japan. This disarmament conference turies. In older theological tradition might not only avail to avert an the two countries were nearer to
unthinkable war with Great Britain, each other than either of them was but would end the anti-American to any other land. The spirit of the machinations of those groups of Covenanters, with its indomitable Americans who are not interested in fidelity to the highest light which world peace—in the glorious part
that America may have in winning that world peace-but in smashing Japan and in breaking the power of Great Britain.
The one way to end the intolerable and hideous anti-British conspiracy in America is to enter into conference with Great Britain and Japan touching the possibility of a halt in armament building, a conference which may prove to be decisive for world peace.
Finally, I will give an opinion which cost the distinguished and popular writer something more than words. Mr. Charles M. Schwab, of the Bethlehem Steel Works, writes:
The war undoubtedly quickened the friendly feelings between England and America, and there is, as you say, a broad and human basis for further association. While I have no suggestion to offer as to future commercial relations, I am sure they will be frank and fair and trust that they will also be cordial.
Mr. Schwab is a modest man. But his letter—in a concluding sentence confirms the fact that he refused during the period of American neutrality in the war a large sum of German moneymany millions of dollars—money offered on condition that he desist from fulfilling certain verbal pledges to supply munitions which he had made to Lord Kitchener.
Of the Young Men's Christian Associa. tion, originated by Sir George Williams in England and especially developed in recent years by Dr. John R. Mott in America, and of many similar partnerships in the kingdom of progress and human well-being, I might write at length. The fact that an American, Mr. Gordon Selfridge, has revolutionized the department stores of London and now reigns as his reward in Lansdowne House; that the first woman to take her seat in the House of Commons was an American woman, Lady Astor (sister of the lady made famous by her husband the delightful "Gibson Girl"); the fact that Americans and
British play golf together, race and row terness were permitted to spring up beagainst one another, and hammer each tween us. Over oil, shipping, tariffs, other at tennis-all this shows what a mandates, Ireland, cables, there may be disaster it would be if any root of bit at times little family arguments, but
they should be kept within the family and settled with the good-humored forbearance which cements every well. disposed domestic circle.
HOW TO LEARN TO ENJOY MUSIC
ANY thoughtful people, lacking 4. Get rid of the itch (at least tem. It may be well here to remark that, musical training and inheritance, porarily) to be performing yourself. contrasted with this "attentive" listen.
regard with something of wistful Envy for the achievements of the inter. ing, there is possible for certain kinds longing the consolations and inspira preting artist poisons for many younger of music another delightful method of tions to be derived from intelligent listeners what should be pure joy. Re- appreciation that might well be called hearing of the best music. They would member, "a more tranquil study and pos- "discursive" listening. In the latter the gladly cultivate the art if they knew session of the beautiful than are permit. music serves merely as a stimulating how to go about it. With them in mind, ted to those who create it" may be yours. background or accompaniment to the these concrete and elementary sugges- Consider that in building up the musi- listener's stream of consciousness, his tions are formulated. Accomplished cal life of a community intelligent listen- own thoughts taking the solo part. musicians and music tasters will prob- ing is as essential as intelligent playing Much of our best devotional music was, ably spare themselves some pain by or singing, and be content with making I imagine, designed to be so heard. But reading no further. the less conspicuous contribution.
let it not be attempted by the novice The "this-is-the-way-walk-ye-in-it” at- 5. Never forget that music is to be until he has attained some proficiency titude of the writer will deceive no one judged by the ear alone, not by the eye. in the more difficult and fundamental of the discerning. It is the result of To form the habit of always looking at "attentive" method. being for years a schoolmarm. Neither soloist or conductor will retard rather And for you, my friend, may the rewill his claim to being self-made. Of than hasten attainment to musical ap- ward come quickly—the memorable occourse there is no such animal. But as the preciation. Impertinent details of dress casion when, for the first time, a symresult of persisting through some years
and manner will inevitably distract at phony opens its soul to you! Gone now in the determination to gain by passive tention from the great business of the all the hard-willed attention. The first listening the discernment that others at- moment-listening. Actually closing few measures grip you in the belief that tain through active education he ven. the eyes would probably make most here is a composer with a message tures the following fruits of experience. concert-goers decidedly self-conscious. for you, for you. Quickly he confides
1. In the words of Oberlin's President, Try letting the eyes wander aimlessly his plans, shows the blue-prints and "stay persistently in the presence of the over the programme or a book-not, of sketches, as it were. Then begins to best." There need be no pretense of course, consciously reading. Any peru- build. After burrowing deep for solid denying your frank enjoyment of "rag," sal of programme notes should precede foundation, the big granite blocks swing or even "jazz” (is it possible?), but hold or follow, and not accompany, hearing soundlessly into place.
Before your fast to your belief that there must be the music.
eyes the temple grows—fluted columns, far more subtle and satisfying beauties in In fact, I am growing rather skeptical marble floors, with shafts of sunshine the music that has lived through genera- as to the value of such descriptive notes, slanting through the vistas. Then, pertions. Lose no opportunity to hear it. anyway. The conscientious listener will
haps, the architect with a friendly arm And do not scorn renditions less than want to approach the hearing with no across your shoulders strolls with you perfect. Victrola records and grill-room preconceived notions, but ready to around the growing building, pointing orchestras may not show all the finesse make his own individual response to out the subtler beauties, flutings and of the Flonzaley Quartette or Caruso in any suggestion of the composer.
scrolls on frieze and capital. And the the flesh, but they furnish abundant op- 6. And, finally, but of very first im. gargoyles, yes, don't miss the gargoyles portunity to hear much good music ac- portance, simply listen-intently, with the funny, grinning, friendly faces ceptably done.
consciously focused attention, resolved that make you want to laugh aloud for 2. Cultivate in general the impersonal
to let naught escape you. Listen in joy. attitude toward the performer. For the season and out of season, to music well Then comes the dedication-crowds of time being he should be a voice, an au- done and poorly done, interesting and happy men and women, troops of chil. tomaton, and nothing more. If part of uninteresting. Get the habit. Make it dren singing, and flowers, flowers every. your enjoyment must come from indulg. a sort of daily calisthenic. Practice where. As through the chanting music ing in hero worship, it will be more holding yourself rigidly to attention seem to come the words of dedication, wholesomely directed if centered on the against annoying distractions—the rus- suddenly with a rush the realization composer rather than on the interpreter. tle of an assembling congregation, the comes that not only has the great archi
3. Try to locate your seats at concerts clatter of dishes in a restaurant. Learn to tect here builded a thing of exquisite among sympathetic and appreciative listen—it is really all the secret there is. and haunting beauty, but of service; people—not, necessarily, acquaintances. Try to pick out from the musical that to it, reared anew through sucEven within the democracy of art there chaos bits of melody, musical figures or ceeding generations, shall come other may be neighbors musically obnoxious. phrases. Listen for their repetition. troops of tired men and women to find Of course we do not here refer to the They almost always bob up again and peace and cleansing of the soul and crude pest who beats the time of again. Practice trying to keep track of courage for their tasks. spirited rhythms on the floor or talks an two melodies at once. Several "tunes" Mind, I do not say you are to try to accompaniment. Happily he is obso- often thread their way through the jum- imagine you see all this. That way lies lescent. But the mere presence in the ble at the same time.
musical perdition. You may, perhaps, immediate vicinity of an assertive and In the case of an orchestra, don't be feel as if you experienced it. blatant personality will seriously inter- too curious as to just what instrument And as you reach for your hat and fere with the response of a sensitive utters each phrase. Just now your in- slip quietly out beneath the friendly soul. It sounds snobbish, pernickety, terest is in the musical what rather stars, fail not, my brother, to raise a undemocratic, and unchristian to say so than the mechanical hou-the product humbly thankful heart—you are of the right out loud, but it's true. rather than the tools. Listen.
Sons of God.