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upon to meet foreign needs as have those last election the citizens of Vancouver berry and his associates on the ground of the United States." As ample sup- returned her at the head of the poll. of error in the trial judge's instruction plies of petroleum have become neces- This was in itself a great compliment to the jury. Second, it declared that sary to our life and property, our Gov- to the work which she had already done the specific clause of the law under ernment "finds no alternative than the as a member of the British Columbian which Senator Newberry was convicted adoption of the principle of equally good Provincial Parliament.

was unconstitutional. In the latter case opportunity, with the proviso that no The nine provinces of Canada have the Supreme Court divided five to four. foreign capital may operate in public each a separate Parliament and admin- The majority opinion (although we have lands unless its Government accords istration, with a Lieutenant-Governor not yet seen the complete text of the similar or like privileges to American appointed by the Governor-General of decision) appears to have been given citizens."

Canada at the head of the executive on the ground that, while Congress had Dutch capital has enjoyed free access branch of the provincial governments. the power to regulate the manner of to our oil deposits. Why should not ac- A correspondent of The Outlook in holding elections for Federal offices, it cess to the oil on our public lands be

did not have the power to control party denied to foreign Governments which

primaries or conventions for selection of refuse to allow our citizens to share in

candidates for Federal office. the development of the fields under

This second decision eliminates the their control?

necessity for a retrial of Senator New. "Equality of opportunity"-Secretary

berry's case. Mr. Newberry's career has Hughes proposes to maintain that prin

proved his patriotism and his ability as ciple wherever possible. Exhibit I:

a public servant. It is a relief to know Yap. Exhibit II: Djambi.

that he will not be required to pay a penalty the justice of which has at best

been questionable under a law which in A PANAMA RECORD

some of its provisions is certainly unTHEODORE ROOSEVELT's greatest single

reasonable and which has now been

declared unconstitutional. of the Panama Canal. If he had wavered or weakened before Colombia's

CONGRESS TO DECLARE PEACE crooked scheming or faltered as physical difficulties arose, American failure might

THE Knox Resolution has passed the have followed French failure. The re

Senate. It now goes to the House. cent discussion on the history of our

If passed there, as expected, the Presirecognition of the Panama Canal has

dent has promised to sign it. only emphasized the greatness of the

The Senate vote was not wholly parundertaking.

tisan. Several Democrats voted for it; Keystone And just at the time when the politi. MRS. RALPH SMITH, MEMBER OF THE

and one Republican, Senator Nelson, of

CABINET OF BRITISH COLUMBIA cal and international questions have

Minnesota, was paired against it, first, come to the front we have a report

because, in his opinion, it failed to susVancouver writes to us that, “as a wife, which shows the magnitude of the

tain the claims of France for reparation mother, and widow, Mrs. Smith underworld's work that is done by the Pan.

due, and, second, because it contained stands perhaps better than the mere ama Canal. The high record for ton

no provision intended to compel Germale what legislation is necessary for nage of traffic through the Canal and

many to live up to her agreement to the protection of the women and chil.

disarm. also for tolls earned was made in

dren of the provinces." March last. If we remember rightly,

The Resolution does three things:

She has now been further honored by the first month of operation of the

(1) It declares the war between Gerbeing given a seat in the Cabinet. She Canal, in 1914, yielded about $100,000.

many and the United States at an end, is at present “Minister without portBut now a monthly yield of over $1,000,- folio.”

thus conforming the legal situation to 000 has been made several times. The

the fact. record of March was about $1,105,000,

(2) Property taken under the proviA SENATOR FREED and the report of registered tonnage

sion of the Alien Property Act it holds for the month was 1,417,220, while both

HE United States Supreme Court for final disposition by treaty with Gerin February and March over three hun

has reversed the decision of the many. dred vessels passed through. The for

Federal Court in which Senator New- (3) It does not follow the text of the mer troubles with landslide impediments berry, of Michigan, was found guilty of Knox Resolution of a year ago, vetoed have been done away with by engineer

a conspiracy to violate the Federal Cor- by President Wilson, in “not waiving" ing skill and hard labor.

rupt Practices Act during his Senatorial any of the rights to which we became More and more the Panama Canal is

campaign. The offense with which Sen- entitled under the armistice or the a great world asset; its special value ator Newberry was charged was not one Treaty of Versailles, but declares (in to this country needs no demonstration. Which of itself involved moral turpitude. language suggestive of the present Sec.

He was not charged with bribery, which retary of State) that the United States

would be a moral crime whether or not reserves those "rights, powers, claims, A WOMAN AS CABINET MINISTER the statutes declared it so, but with privileges, indemnities, reparations, or

RS. RALPH SMITH is, we believe, the spending more than the law allowed for advantages." We are thus still in a

first woman ever to be appointed purposes of publicity during a primary position to enforce our rights, and, as to a Cabinet office. For many years she campaign.

an agency of such enforcement, to keep has been prominent in getting legisla- The Supreme Court, in passing upon our army in the Coblenz area. tion adopted in British Columbia for Senator Newberry's case, uttered two We have never before ended a state of the benefit of women. Her work was opinions: First, unanimously it re- war by Congressional resolution. But it o thoroughly appreciated that at the versed the convictions of Senator New- is argued that it may lawfully be so

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position of the animal, impossible by the old method of stuffing.

The site of the new Museum is more practical than that of the old building. It is accessible to every shopper or clerk with only an hour to spare at lunch time.

At present there is not only not a tree, but not even a blade of grass within a half-mile of the Museum. But every one who knows the people of Chicago will realize the wonderful possibilities always open to people of their enterprise.

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AN “UNDESIRABLE CITIZEN”
DEPARTS
HERE were forty-six members of the

Industrial Workers of the World who were sentenced to prison following conviction on charges of violating the Selective Service Law and the Espionage Act during the war. Among these men was “Big Bill" Haywood, formerly secre

tary of the I. W. W. and its ablest THE NEW FIELD MUSEUM, CHICAGO

organizer for the cause of revolution.

On the eve of entering upon his ended, since the power to declare war replaces the old Field Museum, at Jack- sentence of twenty years in the Fedimplies the power to declare peace. son Park, once the Fine Arts Building eral prison at Leavenworth, Haywood of the World's Fair.

jumped his bail and departed, 'it is be CAN THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS The collections for the World's Fair lieved, for Russia, where, it is said by BE TAKEN OUT OF THE

were so important that a permanent some, he is expected to play an imporTREATY OF VERSAILLES?

location was the result, made possible tant part in propaganda work for the HE passage of the Knox Resolution by Marshall Field's gift of a million dol- Lenine Government. Statements to this

lars. Mr. Field died in 1906, leaving effect, however, have had no authentic did the suggestion during its debate, by four million dollars for the erection of corroboration. Mr. Lodge, that a treaty with Germany a permanent building and four millions Haywood will be remembered not was all the .more necessary because the for endowment.

only for his work for the I. W. W., but Treaty of Versailles could not be amend- The new Museum is, as the illustra- also for the dramatic and bitter trial in ed to meet American requirements, it tion indicates, a compact, massive, 1907, at which he was charged, together being practically impossible to separate white marble structure. Its proportions with Moyer and Pettibone, with comthe League of Nations from the rest. make of it an artistic Ionic unit. It plicity in the murder of ex-Governor Senator Lenroot, the contrary, covers eleven acres.

Steunenberg, of Idaho. The only direct thought that the League could be elim- The chief feature of the interior is the evidence against Haywood offered at inated without destroying the Treaty, great nave, stretching backward from this trial was in the testimony of the and asked if the sections on reparations, the main entrance and dividing the self-confessed murderer Harry Orchard, boundaries, and the right of occupation building from north to south. At right and the jury released Haywood and his would remain after the League was taken angles to the nave are the thirty exhibit associates on the grounds that a reasonout. Mr. Lodge admitted that they would, halls on the two main floors. On the able doubt existed as to their guilt. but added that to eliminate the League third floor the curators and assistants There can be no doubt, however, that from the Treaty would require no less have their rooms. There are also a Haywood and his fellow-defendants were than seventy-two amendments. This is theater seating a thousand people, a lec- guilty of enough to justify completely not surprising. It would not, however, ture hall, and several small class-rooms. President Roosevelt's allusion to them necessarily prevent the adoption of the The library comprises over 70,000 policy laid down by the President in his volumes. address of April 12 to Congress:

The exhibits represent an expenditure It would be idle to declare for sep

of more than a million dollars. Besides arate treaties of peace with the Cen- the departments of botany, zoology, geol. tral Powers on the assumption that ogy, and anthropology, the Museum these alone would be adequate. ...

houses a public school extension exhibit. The wiser course would seem to be the acceptance of the confirmation of The finest exhibit of meteorites in the our rights and interests as already world is owned by the Field Museum. provided and to engage under the Also in this Museum was first estabexisting Treaty, assuming of course

lished the method of mounting mamthat this can be satisfactorily accomplished.

mals instead of stuffing them. By this

method a plaster cast is made of the THE FIELD MUSEUM OF

animal in some natural position, and NATURAL HISTORY

over this the skin is stretched. No N May 3, 1921, the

Field bones are used, though hoofs and horns
Museum of Natural History, in are retained. This method makes pos- International
Chicago, was opened to the public. It sible the perfect formation and natural

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WILLIAM D, HAYWOOD

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as "undesirable citizens.” It was this phrase (which promptly entered into our National political vocabulary) that called forth from the gentle-hearted Eugene Debs the charge that President Roosevelt had condemned workingmen as murderers because they were objectionable to the trusts that controlled his Administration. Mr. Debs manifested his customary restraint by saying of President Roosevelt that "he uttered a lie as black and damnable, a calumny as foul and atrocious, as ever issued from a human throat.” In a later statement President Roosevelt put Haywood and Debs in the same class and said that they “stand as representatives of those men who have done as much to discredit the labor movement as the worst speculative financiers or most unscrupulous employers of labor and debauchers of legislatures have done to discredit honest capitalists and fair-dealing business men. They stand as the representatives of those men who by their public utterances and manifestoes, by the utterances of the papers they control or inspire, and by the words and deeds of those associated with or subordinated to them habitually appear as guilty of incitement to or apology for bloodshed and violence. If that does not constitute undesirable citizenship, then there can never be any undesirable citizens."

The subsequent history of both Haywood and Debs have quite vindicated EMIL JANNINGS AS HENRY VIII IN “DECEPTION" AT THE RIVOLI THEATER, NEW this statement.

YORK CITY (POSED AND DRESSED AFTER HOLBEIN'S PAINTING)

was there a single close-up of a tear which we may hope is based upon a THE MOVIES: THREATENED COM. stained heroine or of the villain's genuine awakening to the real situation. PETITION AND CONTROL

twitching fingers, nor was there a single With a full appreciation of the provoHOME leaders in the movie world are example of that murderous assault upon cation which has caused the demand for

alarmed because of two threats to the imagination entitled “the flashback.” a censorship, it seems to us a demand their industry-we refrain advisedly In “Deception," in particular, there were which should not be granted. Every from using the word art. One is a half a dozen occasions which an Ameri- argument which can be made for a centhreat of foreign competition, and the can director would have seized upon sorship of the movies is equally cogent other a threat of domestic control. with avidity as excuses for “flashbacks” in regard to every other form of public

The fear of foreign competition has to make the obvious more obvious. We expression. Likewise every argument arisen from the recent importation of sighed with relief each time one of these against censorship of speech and the several films which have the right to danger-points was safely passed. press is equally valid against the censoruse that once potent slogan “Made in Photographically, the German camera ship of the movies. If you censor Germany." These films have been so work is not the equal of the American movies, as some States are even now successful that there is talk of a tariff standard, but in the presentation of doing, you open the door to a general measure to protect American producers. their themes the German directors are censorship which is contrary to every To any one who has seen such German very much the superiors of our own. American tradition. If you do not cenfilms as "Passion," "Deception," or "The Let us, by all means, refrain from put- sor the movies, the State still has the Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" the explanation ting a tariff upon foreign movies. Bet- same opportunity for control which it has of the perturbation of our producers is ter yet, perhaps the Germans might be over the spoken and the written word. obvious. The German film companies, permitted to pay part of their repara- The American and the British system despite some obvious shortcomings, tion money in films rather than marks! is not to prescribe in advance what a seem to be guilty of employing directors The second threat to our American man shall or shall not say. It is to perwho have ideas in their heads, and these film producers is contained in the grow- mit him to say and write what he directors have mastered the art of telling demand for the censorship of films, wishes and then to hold him responsible ing their stories logically, directly, and a demand which has been caused by the for the effect of his utterances. The forcibly. Their actors somehow seem able flood of cheap, tawdry, and degrading American system is not to give to any to depend on acting to convey the ideas films which have been put forth. The authority the right to say in advance which the director wishes to convey. The more responsible film companies are at- what may or may not be given the pubfilms, compared with most American tempting to combat this demand by a lic. It is to throw our citizens upon productions, are virtually captionless. plea to permit the industry to have a their own responsibility and then to de

In none of the three films mentioned chance to clean its own house, a plea termine by due process in open court

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whether or not they have misused that man the same love for his child or for visited this refuge recently. Here are responsibility.

his mother that an American has? And two Chinese girls running this refuge what more terrible problem can be pre

in a strange place, all by themselves,

without any direct supervision. Surely GO THOU AND DO LIKEWISE sented to a son and father who sees on

China is making progress, especially IAMI UNIVERSITY has set an example

the one side of him his child and on the the women of China. well worth following. It has es- other side of him his mother slowly

Of the scores of students of Peking tablished a fellowship in creative art dying of hunger? Which shall he save?

University and Indemnity College

who have volunteered for relief work and has chosen as the first holder of That is the exact situation in some dis

I want to mention one in particular, this fellowship Mr. Percy MacKaye. Mr. tricts of northern China to-day.

Mr. C. F. Woon, who probably more MacKaye's only obligation is to devote Last January we published an article than any other has inspired his himself to the work which pleases him on the Chinese famine which quoted

fellow-students to volunteer for fam.

ine relief. He has been out in the best. He is not required to teach nor from the report on famine conditions by

famine region himself, writing up the to take part in the details of University Mr. J. J. Underwood, of the Seattle conditions and making strong appeals administration. He has been awarded “Times." This report, while unques- to his wealthy relatives and friends. the fellowship because Miami University tionably accurate in its general picture,

He stayed with me on his way into

the famine country leaving this believes that he has something definite was perhaps misleading in some details.

place on a cold morning before dayto offer to American literature and that Mr. Underwood said of the four light, when the temperature was behe ought to have a chance to do creative provinces suffering from famine: “In low zero, riding on a load of clothing work free from financial worry. A simi- all these provinces there is scarcely a

for the famine sufferers. Do you call

this "sitting placidly by"? lar scholarship has been given to Edgar girl from twelve to twenty years left. Stillman Kelley, the composer, by The They have been sold into slavery and

It is clear from this testimony that Western College. President Hughes, of prostitution and deported." A trust

the Chinese are endeavoring to help worthy Miami University, has said:

American correspondent in

themselves as well as they can. They I believe there are between fifty China takes exception to this statement.

certainly deserve all the help that the and a hundred colleges and universiHe says that, while there are too many

sympathetic, charitable, and fortunate in ties in the country which could cases in which the girl children are sold,

other parts of the world can give them. finance a fellowship of from $2,500 to $10,000 out of their own budgets for

it is unjust to say that all Chinese para year or two, and I am convinced ents take this method of saving both INEXORABLE FRANCE that such a fellowship fortunately themselves and their children from started could be supported from priphysical death. Mr. Underwood criti

HEN Germany, about a week be vate sources. The development of art cised the Chinese further by saying:

fore the first of May, offered to has always appealed to the wealthy, and an institution that can secure a “The rest of China, much of it blessed

pay the Allies two hundred billdistinguished creative artist on such with abundant crops, sits placidly by ion gold marks, a great many Ameria fellowship could, I believe, after superstitiously believing that the spirits

cans blamed France for saying no. At demonstrating the worthwhileness of the enterprise, find those among her intended the drought and famine as a

first Germany's offer sounded very reafriends who would gladly maintain it. means of regulating the overwhelming

sonable. The Allies had demanded two The Miami plan deserves the compli- population of the land.” Our corre

hundred and twenty-six billions, and ment of imitation. spondent in China says on this aspect of

Germany had apparently replied with a the question:

round two hundred. Twenty-six billions I am willing to admit that most

of anything sounds like a good deal; but THE CHINESE FAMINE

of what Mr. Underwood has to say out of two hundred and twenty-six it is E have kept our readers in- on this subject is all too true; and a rather small proportion-certainly of formed from time to time about I would be the last one to defend the

itself not worth a war. Why,

was Peking Government or most Chinese the progress in China of that officials on this point. But there are

asked, could not France waive her most terrible and inexorable form which noble exceptions. Some of these rights to this extent for the sake of a death takes-famine. As Mr. Malone, noble exceptions will undoubtedly common peace? Many Americans found an American teacher in China, puts it

read your editorial, and I should have

in France's refusal a confirmation of

to blush with shame the next time in his Special Correspondence printed in

I see them did I let this statement

their suspicion that France was looking this issue, it is not a question, Whom from an American newspaper repor

for something else besides reparation. shall we save? but, Whom shall we let ter pass unchallenged. Does Mr. In part these Americans are right. die? It seems to be difficult sometimes

Underwood not know that the Inter

Important as it is to France that Ger.

national Committees in the large for Americans to appreciate that Chi

cities of China which are raising

many should pay as much as she can nese mothers and fathers love their chil

funds for famine relief are mostly, to repair the damage she wantonly and dren with the same kind of love which if not all, Chinese and foreign, and wickedly did in her effort to cripple her makes the American mother and father that large contributions have been

neighbor, it is still more important to

given by the Chinese themselves? willing to sacrifice themselves for their

France that Germany should be kept at children. It has always seemed to us

Our correspondent relates individual

a safe distance and be rendered incapawhen thinking of the so-called downcases of Chinese governors and county

ble of aggression. But to suspect the trodden races that the plea of Shylock officials who are doing fine and efficient

French people as a whole, or the French in "The Merchant of Venice" is one of

relief work, raising money, establishing Government, of attempting to dominate the most pathetic and the most arrestgruel kitchens, purchasing grain in

Europe because France does not acing passages of English literature: Manchuria and shipping it into the fam

quiesce in the offers that Germany "Hath not the Jew eyes? Hath not a

ine districts, and organizing the starving makes and because she wants some more Jew hands, arms, dimensions, sense, into self-supporting groups. He reports

tangible safeguards than paper promises affections, passions? Fed with the same that Chinese university students are do

is just what Germany wants our people food, hurt with the same weapons, subing notable relief work.

to do and is what she will find our peoject to the same diseases, healed by the Two women students of Peking ple will refuse to do when they know same means, warmed and cooled by the

University are in Wangtu, where

the facts.

they are running a refuge for girls same winter and summer, as a Christian

In the first place, Germany's offer was

who had been sold or were in danger is?" So we wonder, Hath not the China- of being sold, but were rescued. I not what it seemed to be.

When ex.

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