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To win or lose in a fair competition is a sure means of developing respect for one's opponents. That is why international sport develops international friendliness. This is particularly true of amateur sport. Polo, though restricted to comparatively few who can afford the expense of the game, arouses wide interest because of the spirited nature of the game and its fine traditions of sportsmanship. The American team this year won a decisive victory over the British team. The picture here presents Mr. Hitchcock, of the American team, winning the race for the ball with one of the British players, Lord Wodehouse
HOW TO STUDY THE BIBLE1
BY LYMAN ABBOTT
ROFESSOR SMITH defines the purpose of this book in the first two sentences of his preface: "This series of studies is prepared for the use of adult Bible classes. It aims to put into the hands of busy men and women a guide for the consideration of the fundamentals of a Christian faith."
He apparently regards these two aims as identical. But for many they are not identical. The Roman Catholic regards the Bible as the source of Christian faith only as it is authoritatively interpreted by the Church; and at the other extreme are scholars who consider some of the teachings of the Bible as not only not Christian but anti-Christian. Thus by some the teaching of Paul and the teaching of Jesus are interpreted as in direct conflict. We wish that Professor Smith had confined himself to the first of these purposes-the interpretation of the Bible-for which it is admirably adapted, in spite of some incursions into philosophy, inspired by his second purpose, to lay down the fundamentals of the Christian faith.
He assumes with the author of the Second Epistle to Timothy that the object of the Bible is to equip men for godly living, and he applies its teachings not to abstract theological questions which scholars have raised since the last book of the Bible was written but to vital questions which existed before the Bible, and would exist if there were no Bible; such questions as the relation of creed to deed, or right thinking to right living, the nature of God, the nature and needs of man, the meaning of faith, and how to meet trouble and temptation.
With this brief explanation of the book I use it as a text for some reflections on Bible study.
There is a great difference between study about the Bible and study of the Bible. One might study in cyclopædias and treatises such questions as, Did Bacon or Shakespeare write the plays which tradition attributes to Shakespeare? When were those plays written? What use did the authors make of previous literary material?
And he might never read a play through or acquire any appreciation of Shakespeare's literary qualities. So one may, and many do, study such questions as, When were the various books of the What, if Bible written? By whom? any, previous material did any of their authors use? How and by whom were the various books brought together and made one book? And he might never read any book in the Bible through, or have any idea whether it gives one consistent answer to the ethical and spiritual problems which life is continually presenting to all thoughtful minds, and if so, what that answer is.
By Robert 1 Fundamentals for Daily Living. Seneca Smith, Professor of Biblical Literature at Smith College. The Woman's Press, New York City. $1.50.
To study about the Bible is to study questions of authorship, date, and composition. To study the Bible is to study the various books which compose it for the purpose of ascertaining its answer to such questions as, Who is God? What is man? What are his duties? What are his reasonable hopes and aspirations? and What is the relation between him and God? To such study Dr. Smith's book is a very useful guide. It should be studied with a Bible at hand for convenient and frequent reference. In this study two simple but very fundamental principles should always be kept in mind.
The first of these principles is that the Bible is a library, composed of sixty-six different books, written by at least forty or fifty different writers, and that a period of not less than a thousand years, probably more, elapsed between the date of the first and that of the last books which compose it. The unity of the Bible is that of spirit not of form, a unity of minds living under different civilizations, in different ages of the world, speaking under different circumstances, and to different circles of readers.
the The other principle is that Bible contains reports of religious errors as well as of religious teaching If it conintended to correct them. tained no record of errors, it could be no true history. No one could understand Abraham Lincoln if he did not understand the nature of American slavery and the apologies and defenses that were made for it. No one can understand Isaiah if he does not know something of the paganism which surrounded and the semi-paganism which pervaded Israel. The notion that there are no errors recorded in the Bible and none reflected in the utterances of its teachers leads inevitably to the blunder of the judge who said: "We have the highest possible authority for saying, 'All that a man hath will he give for his life,'" and was humiliated to be told the next day by a daily newspaper that it was Satan who said it.
Let me illustrate these two principles by applying them very briefly to the Bible teaching concerning immortality.
Unillumined man cannot conceive of spirit apart from the body. In this respect he is like some highly educated scientists of to-day, whom I nevertheless venture to call unillumined. He cannot picture to himself an unembodied spirit, so he constructs an idol of wood or stone to represent his deity, and represents him hideous and wrathful, as does the African, or placid and indifSo ferent, as does the East Indian. when a man dies his friends embalm the body and seal it up against decay that it may be ready for the return of the spirit, or bury bows and arrows with the body that the departed may have them in the "happy hunting
ground," or conceive the dead as shadow dwelling in a land of shadows. Mrs. Harker, in one of her charming stories of child life, has told of a little boy who had been accustomed to play cards with a grandfather who impressed upon his grandson the importance of always having a clean pack. When the grandfather died, the little boy crept into the room where the body lay awaiting burial and put a clean pack of cards into his hand. This is what humanity did in the childhood of the race.
The Jewish people shared this common feeling of mankind. Job expresses the common faith of his time: "As the waters fail from the sea, and the flood decayeth and drieth up; so man lieth down, and riseth not; till the heavens be no more, they shall not awake, nor be raised out of their sleep." Hezekiahi in his prayer gives expression to the same conception of death: "The grave cannot praise thee, death cannot celebrate thee; they that go down into the pit cannot hope for thy truth."
Faith in a life beyond death was not possible till man had born in him faith in a deathless life as a present possession.
Still pursuing our study of the Bible, we come to the pregnant fact that faith in immortality, which painted on the tomb of the catacombs the emblems of hope, came when faith in the spiritual life and the possibility of that spiritual life for the children of men was born. Jesus brought life and immortality to light, and he brought immortality to light by bringing life to light.
He disclosed to his disciples a new kind of happiness. It is to be found, he said, in ourselves not in our possessions, in what we are not in what we get. Blessed, men thought, are the grasping, for they get the earth. "Blessed," said Jesus "are the meek; for they inherit the earth." The truly happy souls are those that give their lives to service and take what comes to them as a gift.
He disclosed to his disciples a new kind of ambition-ambition for service. "Among the Gentiles they that are great But it exercise authority over them. shall not be so among you; but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister."
He disclosed to his disciples a new kind of piety. "Great is Jehovah's mercy toward them that fear him," said the Psalmist. The piety of the was founded on Old Testament Jew fear. Christ founded piety on love. "He that loveth me shall be loved of my Father . . . and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him." The happiness of character grows with our growth and neither old age, infirmity, nor sickness can rob us of it; the ambition to serve can always find occasions for service and it is never satiated; the piety founded on love brings us a divine companionship which removes the fear of death.
As we possess immortality we belie in it.
HEODORE STEARNS is one of Broadway's leading conductors of light opera; last season he conducted the Kreisler-Jacobi operetta "Apple Blossoms." He was born in Berea, Ohio, attended Oberlin, and studied musical
composition at Wurzburg, Bavaria,
where he later conducted grand opera and composed his first opera, "Endymion." He has been editor of "The Etude." Before entering his musical career he was a reporter on the Cleveland "Reporter" and "Plain Dealer," Chicago "Inter Ocean," Cincinnati "Tribune," Memphis "Commercial," Philadelphia "North American," and was with the Associated Press in New York and abroad.
HARLES HENRY MELTZER was formerly correspondent in Paris, Rome, London, Spain, Berlin, and Cairo, for the New York "Herald." He has been dramatic and musical critic for the New
A Columbia Bicycle FREE
BY M. L PULCHER
Many States have been recently considering special legislation against heavy motor trucks and are levying onerous taxes on such trucks with the idea of thus securing protection for their roads. Mr. M. L. Pulcher, a well-known motortruck manufacturer, believes that trucks should be taxed-but only in just proportion to such taxes as are levied on other forms of transportation.-THE EDITORS.
ANY States are proposing legislation to limit the load that can be carried by a motor truck to such a degree that thousands of firms and men now owning heavy-duty equipment will be forced out of business and the capital invested in their trucks will be almost a total loss. Also State and National taxation of motor trucks and passenger cars is being carried to an unreasonable point.
It seems that the old fable of killing the goose that laid the golden eggs has been forgotten, for motor trucks are one of the greatest aids to commerce that
York "Herald" and is the author of the to boys and girls who secure we have to-day. Motor trucks hauled
English versions of Hauptmann's "Hannele," Sardou's "Madame Sans Gène," "Manon Lescaut," and "Salome." He has made many English singing versions of grand operas, notably "Die Walküre," "Das Rheingold," "Les Contes d'Hoffmann," and "Koenigskinder."
35 new yearly subscrip
tions to The Outlook
Here is a remarkable opportunity to get one of these highgrade $70 Columbia bicycles.
With but little effort you should be able to secure 35 new yearly subscriptions to The Outlook, in reward for which you will receive a Columbia-the bicycle the dough-boys rode in France.
Every boy and girl who secures for us 35 new yearly subscriptions to The Outlook will receive a bicycle. Even if you fall short of the required 35 subscriptions, you will receive a valuable due bill which may be applied to the purchase of a Columbia bicycle.
Fill in and mail us the attached coupon to-day and secure complete instructions for entering the contest.
THE OUTLOOK COMPANY
381 Fourth Avenue, New York
ICHARD BARRY is a contributor to newspapers and magazines and a novelist. His sketch of Secretary Hughes, a companion piece to that of Mr. Name. Mellon in this issue, appeared in The Outlook for July 6.
TYMAN ABBOTT is Editor-in-Chief of
(Write name in full)
1,200,000,000 tons of freight in this country in 1920. This stupendous tonnage was almost one-half that carried by the railways in the same twelve months, which amounted to 2,504,000,000 tons.
If the fast-motor haulage had not fed the railways, then the latter could not have transported this great volume. On the other hand, if the railways had not borne the burden of the long haul, then the trucks could not have had the shipments to deliver at the other end.
But there are other ways in which the motor truck helps business and Government besides quantity of goods hauled. The profits made in manufacturing them are taxed by the Government. An additional excise tax is collected on the sale of each motor truck. The eventual owner also pays a State license tax, usually based on horse-power and weight. And, in addition to all this, some States are now collecting a fixed sum for heavy-duty trucks. In others, they are taxing them off.
There are five main means of transportation to-day-steam, electric, inland waterways, motor vehicle, and horses. Each one is particularly suited to certain kinds of transportation, and should be allowed to do that haulage for which it is fitted with the least hindrance. They all serve the public, which, in the end, is the Government. There should be no discrimination against any one of these as opposed to the other. Each should grow and develop in proportion to its usefulness to the country.
If some one answers, "The automobile and truck spoil our good roads," just ponder over this fact-it is the automotive vehicle that has brought us the better highways and has contributed largely to their maintenance. Twothirds of the 9,000,000 automobile and 1,000,000 trucks are owned by people
This actually happened
From New York Times
HAT a house should catch fire from a blaze three miles away may sound unusual. Perhaps it is. But this newspaper clipping indicates that it isn't distance from a fire that gives security to your building. It's the roofing on the building that makes it fire-safe-or fireinviting.
Isolation is not safety
Had this house been covered with an all-mineral roof-such as any of the Johns-Manville Asbestos Roofings, the burning ember would simply have burned itself out-and not the building. It is just another case where isolation fooled the owner.
Read the reports of any conflagrations and you will see how single fires become conflagrations by this same roof-to-roof jump.
The panorama photo of a recent conflagration shows five distinct fires which sprung up shortly after the initial blaze. One nearly two miles away. Each in a district where inflammable roofs predominated.
Johns Manville Asbestos makes all roofs fire-safe So when you cover your buildings with some form of Johns-Manville Asbestos Roofing-it does more than protect your property. It helps form the kind of barrier that will stop these community conflagrations that happen at the rate of two a day.
Asbestos Shingles for residences, Asbestos Built-Up Roofing for flat roofs, Asbestos Roll Roofing for sloping roofs approved by Underwriters' Laboratories, Incorporated.
Tours and Travel
Delightful Autumn Tours
Sailings Aug. 13 and Sept. 14
For details write
Hotels and Resorts
THE SIGN OF THE TROUT AND THE FLY
In the heart of the Laurentian Mountains. A Select Lodge run by university men. 75 miles from Montreal, on privately owned forest land. Finest lake and mountain scenery. Altitude 1,600 ft. Excellent trout fishing and shooting. High grade cuisine. References exchanged. Capacity, 12 men. Opened July 15 and closes September 15. Apply to PAUL A. LEIGHTON, Lac Superieur, Terrebonne County, P. Q., Can.
Bailey Island, Maine June 15 to October 1. Beautifully located overlooking ocean. Mrs. N. C. STONE.
UREAU OF UNIVERSITY TRAVEL The HOMESTEAD and,
15 Boyd St., Newton, Mass.
June 15-Sept. 15. Always cool. Bathing beach near. Booklet. T. E. HAZELL.
HOTEL PURITAN Commonwealth Ave. Boston THE DISTINCTIVE BOSTON HOUSE Globe Trotters call the Puritan one of the most homelike hotels in the world. Your inquiries gladly answered 01-Costello Mgr. and our booklet mailed
If You Are Tired or Need a Change you cannot find a more comfortable place in New England than
THE WELDON HOTEL
It affords all the comforts of home without extravagance.
ROCK RIDGE HALL
WELLESLEY HILLS, MASS. Hot and cold running water in nearly all bedrooms. Some private baths. Many comfortably furnished rooms for general use. Large, breezy, screened piazza. Fern room. "Crows' nest" outlook. Edison phonograph -laboratory model. Casino (separate building) with playroom for children. Bowling, tennis, croquet. Pleasant forest walks and country drives. Cream, berries, fruit, fresh eggs, chickens. Rates $15, 18, 21, 25 a week.
Hotels and Resorts
NEW YORK CITY
West 72d St., through
to 71st St., New York
(Near 5th Avenue)
Directly in the fashionable club and shopping section. Within five minutes' walk to all principal theaters. A high-class hotel patronized by those desiring the best accommodations at moderate cost.
Rates and map gladly sent upon request.
HOTEL JUDSON 53 Washington Square adjoining Judson Memorial Church. Rooms with and without bath. Rates $3.50 per day,
including meals. Special rates for two weeks
or more. Location very central. Convenient to all elevated and street car lines.
To settle an estate, attractive house and furniture; 7 master's rooms, 3 baths, 2 servants' rooms, living and dining roOIDS, butler's pantry, kitchen, laundry, furnace, 4 fireplaces, sun and sleeping porches. J. PERLY PUTNAM, Agt., York Harbor, Me.
9-room cottage, completely furnished, overlooking Quissett Harbor and Buzzards Bay, Mass. Meals at Harbor House, if desired. Rates moderate. Apply to W. 0. LUDLOW, 101 Park Ave., New York City. CHARMING HOUSE For Sale or
CH To Rent, and never rented before;
modern. Plymouth, Mass. Apply to J. B. SWANTON, Esq., 60 Allerton Street. NEW JERSEY
Cful summer home. Cheerful, large, ir BASS LAKE Bungalows, 3
Hall, est. 1841 Private Hospital
For Mental and Nervous Diseases
Comfortable, homelike surroundings; modern methods of treatment; competent nurses. 15 acres of lawn, park, flower and vegetable gardens.
WANDERINN Food the best. Write for booklet.
On Lake Sunapee
George's Mills, N. H.
if you seek a real rest along with the many attractions our beautiful lake affords. Our house is homey and informal. Booklets of ANNA CHASE, Hostess.
Keene Valley, N.Y. Edgewood Cottage, accommodates 15. Fine location. Comfortable beds. Best of food. All modern improvements. W. H. OTIS.
Mount Pleasant House, Orient, L.I. Quiet,
refined, homelike. Most delightful spot on the Island. Water sports. 3 minutes' walk from beach. Illus. booklet. Accommodates 150. Eugene J. McDonnell, Prop. and Mgr.
NEW YORK CITY
202 West 103d Street
A hotel of Quality and Refine
ment, located in the Residential
Section of the West Side. Short Section of the West Side. Short block from Broadway Subway Station-within easy reach of all Shops and Theaters.
Sanford Hall Flushing New York
Beautiful, quiet, restful and homelike. Over 26 years of successful work. Thorough, reliable, dependable and ethical. Every comfort and convenience. Accommodations of superior quality. Disorder of the nervous system a specialty. Fred. W. Seward, Sr., M.D., Fred. W. Seward, Jr., M.D.. Goshen, N. Y.
and young women
tion. Unusual opportunity for the right per
son. No others need apply. 5,779, Outlook.
GENTLEMAN'S ESTATE 3 miles
4 and 5 furnished rooms, rent month or week; 1% hours Lackawanna. D. O. MILLER, Blairstown, N. J.
CAMP IN ADIRONDACKS
$90 for August. $125 August into October. Furnished, 5 rooms, running water; inside toilet. Fine location. A. WARD, Jay, N. Y.
BARGAIN Ideal place
for summer home. 13 acres land, six-room house, barn, henhouse. Four miles from Oquaga Lake, five minutes' walk from depot, store, church, post-office. Excellent water. 5,775, Outlook.
75 Acres with Horse, Cow
Hogs, tools, equipment; close town: loam tillage; pasture: 800 cords wood; fruit; sixroom house; 60-ft. barn, poultry house. Sacrificed, $1,000, easy terms. Page 48 Catalog 1,000 Bargains. FREE. STROUT FARM AGENCY, 150 BM Nassau St., New York City.
FOR THE HOME
HONEY. Delicious new clover honey direct from producer. Guaranteed pure and clean. 10 pounds $1.90, 5 pounds $1.05. postage prepaid Zones 1, 2, 3. Herbert A. McCallum, Great Barrington, Mass.
IDEAL climate, special teachers, faithful, careful treatment, massage, medical orthopædic gymnastics. Near Phoenix, Arizona. 141, Outlook.
BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES COOKING for PROFIT. Earu handsome income; home cooked food, catering, tea room. etc. Correspondence course. School Home Economics, Chicago.
EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES WANTED-Competent teachers for public and private schools. Calls coming every day. Send for circulars. Albany Teachers' Agency Albany, N. Y.
DIETITIANS, superintendents. cafeteria matrons. governesses, managers, housekeepers, social workers, and secretaries. Miss Richards. Providence, East Side Box 3. PLACEMENT BUREAU for employer and employee; housekeepers, natrons, dietitians, governesses, secretaries, mother's helpers, companions. 51 Trowbridge St., Cambridge, Mass.
WANTED-Teachers all subjects. Good vacancies in schools and colleges. Interua tional Musical and Educational Agency, Carnegie Hall. N. Y.
CALIFORNIA.-We can place in California and Arizona college graduates with postgraduate study and seventeen months' teaching experience, from the East, after this date in lair quantity. Boynton Teachers' Agency, Brockman Bldg., Los Angeles.
Professional Situations WANTED-Nurse for the summer for small infirmary in institution in the country. 164, Outlook.
Business Situations WANTED-Energetic woman with trained executive ability, capable of superintending activities of civic center in thriving town near Boston. Reply, stating experience and giving references. 193, Outlook.