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and an American standard of living, and selves upon their couches, and eat the Baptist Home Mission Board to which thus to preserve the home market to ląmbs out of the flock, and the calves was attached a creed which had to be labor.

out of the midst of the stall; that chant accepted as a condition by the recipi3. It may be expected to provide a to the sound of the viol, and invent to ents. This gift has been defended by proper Government revenue.

themselves instruments of music, like the chief organ of the denomination on But then the question comes: Does it David; that drink wine in bowls, and the ground that it is only imposed upon do all these things and not interfere anoint themselves with the chief oint- those workers who are supported by the wi'h the cost of living or with our for- ments: but they are not grieved for the income from the gift. That seems very ei in trade? There's the rub. There is affliction of Joseph."

reasonable. The rich man seems to here the bad features of the bill are From the time of Amos, over twenty- have a right to say: "If you want my evident-features which tend to restrict five hundred years ago, until to-day very money, you must believe, or say you business both domestic and foreign and sirong language has been used concern- believe, what I tell you to believe." The no to expand it. Such restriction will ing the indifference of those who trust same argument was used a while ago r ske us poorer by unduly augmenting in the power of their wealth to the pri- by a group of men in Pittsburgh. These prices and by decreasing our ability to vations of the poor and to the need men, constituting an employers' associapay taxes.

And as we are, so is the for social reconstruction. The men who tion of that city, did not like the social Government. Before long the Govern- have used this strong language have of- programme of the Young Women's ment will find itself in need of collect- ten been misunderstood. In almost Christian Association. When the local ing the interest on the ten-billion-dollar every case they have been called revo- Young Women's Christian Association debt our allies owe us; and trade re- tionaries, as if the doctor who diagnosed attempted to raise some money, this striction will prevent, or at least hinder, a disease were the cause of it. Again association told the women that it would them from paying that interest.

and again men who are now honored make no contribution unless the local

as prophets were persecuted because Christian Association repudiated the acA trade restriction bill was certainly they warned the powerful that if they tion of their National body. In like not demanded by the people at large. did not mend their ways they would manner, this same employers' associa

Before the war we were a debtor na- bring evil upon themselves. We have tion denounced the Federal Council of tion. As such we gave small considera. before our very eyes a sample of this Churches as under the control of radi. tion to what our exports might suffer thing. Repeatedly the Czar in Russia cal and Bolshevik elements in the from a high tariff. Since the war we and his gang were told of what would churches, and it said that many memhave become a creditor nation--and the happen to them and to the whole nation bers of the employers' association "are leading creditor nation. If, under our if they persisted in their ways. The expressing themselves as determined to former condition, there was some de. Czar was very religious, and he and his discontinue financial support of their mand for as large a freedom as possible, family were scrupulous in observing the respective churches unless they withthat demand is now immensely intensi. requirements of the Orthodox Church; draw all moral and financial support fied, for we want our debtors to pay but they did not listen to the prophets. from the Federal Council." their debts to us.

And now that which was predicted has It is this attitude of mind which is If we do not buy, we cannot sell. Let come to pass, but worse than any one satirized in the story in this issue enus protect our products wherever possi. had imagined. Those who sought to titled “The Daniel Jazz and the Rabbi." ble; as foreigners, however, cannot pay rouse the conscience of the powerful in It makes itself felt in many churches. gold for our goods but can pay only the old régime were not Bolshevists. We have testimony to that effect in let. other goods, we must permit the en. They were doing the only thing which, ters which have come to us in the trance of those goods up to the very if it had succeeded, could have pre- course of our Third Prize Contest from point at which they would destroy our vented Bolshevism; and they came very members of ministers' families. The own varied production. Our people near doing it.

sense of the subordination of the miniswant a protective tariff, but not a super- It is this sublime faith in the power ter's mind and the minister's household tariff.

of wealth, which is not the faith of a to those who through their wealth or so

great number of conscientious and ser- cial position have the power, which they FAITH IN WEALTH

viceable men of wealth to-day, that use, consciously or unconsciously, to im

Jesus had in mind when he said that it pose their will has found expression N our day we should call him a cow

was easier for a camel to go through time and time again in such letters as boy, but in the book which preserves the eye of a needle than for a rich man these, in articles, in short stories, and his rather radical and inflammatory to enter into the kingdom of God.

in novels. speeches he is called a herdman. His

It is begause of this faith in the power On another page we print three letters name was Amos. If any preacher talked of wealth that men try to use wealth elicited by the question raised in The nowadays the way Amos did, he would

for the purpose of preventing change. Outlook four weeks ago, "Is the Church be very unpopular in certain influential Their faith is exactly the same as that Losing the People?" Each of those let. quarters.

of the Socialiste. They hold to the eco- ters gives a different reason for the “Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, nomic theory of history. They differ failure of the Church to accomplish that are in the mountain of Samaria, from the Socialists in applying their what it ought to be accomplishing. One which oppress the poor, which crush the

philosophy to a different end. Most of writer says that it is the inability of .leedy, which say to their masters, Bring them are entirely unconscious of any many ministers to give their congregaand let us drink. The Lord God hath

attempt to use their power unfairly; tions food for thought. Another says sworn by his holiness, that, lo, the days they simply conceive of wealth as power that it is the failure of theological semishall come upon you, that he will take which can be used to stop people from naries to adapt their training of men you away with hooks, and your posterity thinking for themselves, or from mak- to the facts of the modern world. And with fish hooks." That is very strong ing the changes in the social order that the third says that it is the fact that language to address to influential and the neople wish but the owners of church leaders as a rule put denominawealthy people; but Amos was not wealthy dislike. Their point of view tional interest above religion. It is still afraid to utter his woe upon those "that seems very reasonable. We reported another cause that is described in the lie upon beds of ivory, and stretch them- the other day, for example, a gift to the satirical story in the form of a letter

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from "Molly Amos" (whose last name to exercise their freedom with more dig: an army, but a starving mob. News like may have been chosen as a reminder of cretion than is expected of an Assembly. this is coming every day; with all allowthe prophet who warned the kine of man or Congressman. The surest pass- ance for exaggeration and excitement, Bashan).

port to the respect of any congregation there is ample evidence of a condition To say that this faith in the power of is the minister's respect for Himself and horrible, almost unexampled, and of sewealth, this attitude of mind satirized his message:

rious danger to Europe at large. in the story of the rabbi's wife, is negli.

It must be a bitter humiliation for Legible to-day would be an error; but it

ninê and Trotsky to be told roundly would be as great an error to say that it RED RUSSIA REAPS

that the Soviets can be dealt with only controls either the synagogues or the WHAT SHE HAS SOWN has no faith in Bolshevik honor or truth.

under restrictions showing that America churches. It is to be encountered every:

. where; but since the days of Amos and ERBERT HOOVER in dhe sentence Not only must American prisoners be Isaiah and the great unknown prophet

of a statement of the restrictions released, but they must be outside Soof the Captivity, since the day when under which America will help viet territory before relief begins. No. the Man of Nazareth drove the traders starving Russia declares thémotionally tice is given that no recognition of from the temple, since the day of the but convincingly the cause of the famihe: Soviet rule is implied. Precautions are Apostle James, whose advice, “Go to now, He says: "the present conditions in to be taken to see that supplies do not ye rich men, weep and howl for your Russia are the result of progressive it fall into the hands of the Red army. mløeries that shall come upon you," was poverishment of the Russian people th: The American Relief Association is to probably not heeded and very certainly der Soviet control."

be assured of non-interference by the not welcomed, this faith in the power Bolshevism is an absolutism of the in: Russian Government. It is to have a of money to direct the minds of men dustrial proletariat backed biờ the baya: free hand in organization and adminisand to preserve them from evil has dis- nets of paid soldiers who have it8 8ther tration of relief. All these things have tinctly diminislied. It is true that we means of support. The Bølshevik Gov: Been demanded by Mr. Hoover as head still find it in the churches, but no more ernment at its beginning ignored and of the Relief Association or by Secretary than in the universities, and not by oppressed the pleasants upon vhose la: Hughes. Reluctantly and surlily the any means dominant there. There is bor the food of Russia depended: Latest Exnditions have been accepted. The much evidence that the American peo- it has shown some evidence of comitig Work of mercy and humanity will begin. ple desire in their preachers both cour- to its senses. But its concessi8Hs tô ag: Trotsky is said to have denied a deage of conviction and freedom of speech: riculture were too late: Fantine and tailed cable report that in a speech beSometimes the preacher may ascribe to disease are sweeping Hver vast afeas of fore the Soviet's Central Committee he the narrow-mindedness or the material. Russia on the Folga and even in si: bitterly assailed Lenine's policy of com{sm of his congregation an antagonisnl beria. America and Europe are called promise and conciliation with Western which is really rooted in his own raw. upon for relief.

capitalism and openly urged a military ness or discourtesy. Maný preachers The actual state of things en ištitig in mass advance of Russian legions into can testify that they have spoken with Russia tw-day may be indicated by a Poland as the first move in a programme the utmost liberty their opinions on dis- condensed paraphrase of a few of the 6f assault against western Europe. puted questions and have found that facts as reported in special coffespond Whether the report or the denial is true their opinions have been respected, pro- enee and cablé Hespatches in the New we do not know. The mere fact that it vided that they have treated the con: York Times" on the day The Outlook was widely accepted as a natural consetrary opinions with respect. In Amers goes to press: From Riga & Estréspond: quence of the breakdown of the theories {ca men like Charles G. Finney, Henry ent cables that from twenty të forty mit: of Bolshevism is significant. Ward Beecher, Theodore Parker, lion people seem doomed to death in The Soviets never had a majority of Dwight L. Moody, and Phillips Brooks, Russia; sufferers from fafnine and dis: the Russian people behind them. They to mention only men who are no longer ease are streaming in little groups have kept their power through three living, have expressed theological opin. toward towhs; in one province; Satriara, things: brute force; the fear of foreign ions and ideals of life and social con- sixty thousand deserted childfén have to invasion among many non-Bolshevik ceptions which have been most conten- be cared for; transportatih has broken Russians, the belief of others that revotious; but it is safe to say that they down. From Berlin a cabled letter says lution was impossible but that modercould not have expressed these opinions that the Russian masses are near the ate ideas could be gradually infused with the freedom they did had it not point of revolt; the Soviets, it is said, into the Soviets and their original and been for the Church behind them. The hope to hold on të paief; not by feeding wild theories transformed into those of opposition they encountered was the people; But Bf feeding the Red army Socialism or democracy. The Lenine much outside as within the Church, and and the workers in a few big factories, régime rests on bayonets; if the soldiers the liberty they exercised was as great and to put down counter-revolution with join the revolting populace, as as that of any leader in any other call machine guns; the Mensheviki (moder: seems more than possible, the end is ing. There is no evidence that any in- ate Socialists) in Petrograd issue circu. neat at hand. stitution-political, commercial, or edu- lars which say:

"We demand more What the outcome will be no man may cational-surpasses the Church and the bread. It is high time to return to say. Economic folly, political theory organizations which it has created common sense and overthrow the Soviet madly at odds with history and human either in unselfish devotion to the public régime.” From the Valga region come nature, cruelty and oppression, are not welfare or in the liberty in which that stories of the most horrible suffering replaced in a day or a year by prosservice is rendered. There is no freer from choléra infection; the peasants are perity and sane government. But the platform in America than the pulpit. mad with superstition and resist medi- world is ready and anxious to help. RusThere are pulpits that are not free, and cal and sanitary aid; "at every station sia if once her steps are turned in the there are ministers not capable of exer- crowds of lean, sick, and dying human right direction. Already men like Mil. cising freedom; but they are exceptions. ity outstretch their hands to travelers yukov are being consulted by Russians There are few pulpits which the right and utter hideous appeals for food'.who hate alike imperialism and anarchy man could not render free; and there One correspondent asserts that six mil and stand for self-government of Rusare few ministers who cannot be trusted lion people are moving on Moscow-not sia by the Russian people.

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THIS YEAR'S SUPERMAN IN GOLF FINDS PRESIDENT HAR

DING APPRECIATIVE

Like the two Presidents who immediately preceded him, President Harding finds in golf his chief physical recreation. It is said, however, that he is the first President to present the title cup to the winner of the National open golf championship -this year James Barnes, the professional of Pelham, New York. In the picture President Harding has just delivered this cup, and is holding in his hand, preparatory to delivering it to Jock Hutchison. likewise an American professional, the cup denoting the winning of the British

championship

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As unaccustomed to horseback-riding as he is accustomed to golf, President Harding joined a group on a ride the other day while on a camping trip near Hagerstown, Maryland. The others in the group are George B. Christian, Jr., who is the President's Secretary, H. S. Firestone, Edsall Ford, II. S. Firestone, Jr., and, last, the inventor of a most widely accepted substitute for the horse

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A VERY AMERICAN SETTING FOR A DISTINCTLY AMERICAN

PRESIDENT

Few things have caused so wide a stir in England as the appearance of the American Ambassador on the golf links without his coat. One of those few things was the appearance of the American Ambassador in a top hat on the streets of London drive ing his own fivver. Both events were accepted by the British people as quite racily American. It may be presumed, therefore, that this picture of the American President seated in company with the inventor of the flivver would be regarded all over the world unmistakably American Henry Ford is at the left of this camping scene near Hagerstown, Maryland, and next to him in order are Thomas A. Edi. Bon, the President, and Harvey S. Firestone. The semi-tropical heat of July this year has done much to justify the Ameri

can summer costume

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Keystone
JEFFERSON'S BEDROOM AT MONTICELLO

hedh o borot tehet The ovals in the wall are windows through which Jefferson's Negro servants watched over hinspo o poder o

Jefferson's democracy did not interfere with his Brennn!

BY LYMAN ABBOTT

THE SMILEY BROTHERS-LOVERS OF HOSPITALITY

had already acquired a considerable local reputation. The natural beauty of the scene captivated him; he persuaded his twin brother, Alfred, then conducting a very successful school at Providence, Rhode Island, to come to Poughkeepsie and share with him the joy of his discovery. As a result of that visit Mr. Albert Smiley put all the money he had, with a considerable sum that he borrowed, into a purchase of the place, with approximately three hundred acres of wild mountain and forest land. The original proprietor, doubtless, considered himself lucky to find a purchaser fool enough to take this unpromising place off his hands. He is quoted as saying: "I suppose that the Creator made everything for some use; but what in the world he ever made this pizen laurel for I can't see. It never grows big enough for firewood and the cattle won't eat it."

From the beginning the brothers Smiley believed that there were people in America who wanted to get away from the excitements of society as well as from the entanglements of business. From the first, therefore, the new hotel was administered on Quaker principles and pervaded by a Quaker spirit. When I visited it in 1872, Mr. Albert Smiley was still carrying on the school at Providence; the hotel was in charge of his brother Alfred. The barroom and the dance-hall had been abolished; beds had taken the place of bunks, a reading. room had been substituted for the bar

room, and entertainments provided by ALFRED AND ALBERT SMILEY

the guests themselves had been substi

tuted for the dance-hall. The house had N the State of New York, running what great upheaval did nature produce

been enlarged to accommodate about approximately parallel to the Cats- this wonderful rock pile.” The guide forty guests; the atmosphere of the

house was that of a home, not that of and narrow range with elevations vary- he; "have you never read how at the a cabaret; there was a service of woring from six hundred feet to twelve or Crucifixion the earth did quake and the ship in the parlor on Sundays and morn. fifteen hundred feet above the valleys on rocks were rent?" He regarded the ing prayers for such as cared to attend either side. This is known as the earthquake at the Crucifixion as a world

them during the week. It was underShawangunk Mountains, locally pro- Wide phenomenon, as some scholars in stood that cards, dancing, and drinking nounced Shongum. At a point in this past times regarded the Deluge as a were prohibited; but there were not range, about fifteen miles from the Hud- world-enveloping flood.

then, and there never have been, printed son River at Poughkeepsie, is a spot of In 1869 there stood on the shore of rules or regulations; the prohibition is peculiar romantic beauty. A cliff here this lake and under the shadow of this enforced by common consent, and it is rises about one hundred feet above the cliff a cabaret with a barroom, a dance- very rarely the case that even to-day, mountain edge, and at the foot of this hall, and ten bedrooms with bunks for in a hotel with accommodations for upcliff is a small lake, perhaps half a beds and straw mattresses and one quilt wards of four hundred, any other enmile long and an eighth of a mile wide, each for bedding. When a visitor de- forcement is required. which bears the Indian name of Mohonk manded dinner, the Irish boy would The beauty of the place and the home -Lake of the Sky. At this point the catch a chicken, kill it in front of the atmosphere of the hotel so impressed mountain is composed of enormous house, and pass it over to the woman to me that the following year I returned rocks piled on each other in great con- cook.. There were some fish in the lal:e with an artist to obtain sketches for an fusion, as though some grotesque Thor and some small game in the woods.

illustrated article which was published had thrown them up in sheer joyous How far the fish and game, how far the

in the "Illustrated Christian Weekly," exhibition of his strength, leaving them barroom and its contents, were the at- of which I was then editor. to lie there as they had fallen. It is traction for the picnic parties that When I next visited Lake Mohonk, in reported that adventurous boys in times patronized the place the reader must be

1884, Mr. Albert Smiley had left his past have made their way down through left to judge.

school and had come to make Lake the crevices of these rocks from the One day in 1869 Mr. Alfred Smiley, Mohonk his home. The boarding-house summit to the valley below. A geologi. who was then living near Poughkeepsie, had become a hotel capable of accom(al friend of mine said to a local resi. took a day for an excursion to the top modating some three hundred guests:

nit, acting as his guide, "I wonder by of the mountain to see the lake, which the estate had been increased by succes

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