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sive purchases to one of over a thousand terized the twin hotels. The same sane man of the same type, disregarding a acres; miles of roads had been built piety characterized both men, the same sign at the gateway that automobiles within the estate and innumerable foot. liberty under law characterized both were not allowed, drove up in his tour. paths had been opened through the hotels. If I write here only of Mr. Al- ing car to the door. Mr. Smiley ordered woods and among the rocks. Mr. Albert bert Smiley, it is because he is the only the automobile to be driven by a special Smiley, having left Providence, had one I at all intimately knew.

road to the nearest entrance. After dinchanged the profession of teacher for Some men are distinguished from ner, he provided a carriage to carry the the profession of hotel-keeper. Mr. Al- their fellows by the possession of one unwelcomed guest and his family to the fred Smiley had purchased a similar characteristic in an abnormal degree. I same entrance and refused to take any estate seven miles distant upon the was told a few years ago of a little girl, pay for the dinner which the guests had same range and erected a hotel upon the not yet in her teens, who came into the received. Such incidents get promptly shore of a lake which gave its name of laboratory of her scientific grandfather into wide circulation and serve quite Minnewaska to the twin enterprise. with an insect for his inspection. "He adequately as law enforcements.

Who that has ever read "Nicholas is a very naughty fly," she said, "he When depredations were committed by Nickleby” did not regard the Cheeryble keeps biting me." When she opened her barbarians possessing the appearance but Brothers as a pretty fancy of an often closed fist, she disclosed a wasp. She not the reality of civilization, he neither extravagantly fanciful novelist: “What was a born scientist. Investigation was submitted to the destruction of his propwas the amazement of Nicholas when to her a passion. But some men are erty, nor issued new prohibitions to prohis conductor advanced and exchanged made great by the possession of seem- tect it, nor called on the officers of the his warm greeting with another old ingly contradictory qualities harmoni- law for protection. He appealed, and gentleman, the very type and model of ously working in a well-balanced charac- not unsuccessfully, to the conscience of himself—the same face, the same figure, ter. Such was the greatness of Mr. the community and to the depredators the same coat, waistcoat, and neckcloth, Albert Smiley. He was a man of vision. themselves. He provided Picnic the same breeches and gaiters—nay, At the first sight of Lake Mohonk he Lodge with grounds surrounding it for there was the very same white hat hang- perceived the possibilities of a great the free use of picnic parties, and then ing against the wall!" But it is an old estate; but he was also a man of prac- sent a courteous letter to the newspaper saying that fact is stranger than fiction; tical judgment and did not retire from press in which he narrated some of the which is only another way of saying, his successful school until he had laid abuses which had been perpetrated and cynics to the contrary notwithstanding, up enough money to take with safety the prescribed certain rules which all picnic that life furnishes illustrations of ideas hazard of abandoning a profession with parties should observe. The letter was which surpass those of the novelist. which he was familiar for one of which very widely published and editorially The portrait of the Smiley brothers is he knew nothing. He was cautious, commended. “I must ask," he said, “my est given in the words of Mr. Albert always looked before he leaped; but friends and neighbors and all who bring Smiley:

when he had looked he did not hesitate or send parties here to see that no damWhen my brother Alfred and I were

to leap. When he once clearly saw the age is done to property of any kind," born we were so much alike that our

ideal of a summer rest for persons like- and he added: "Unless the few can be mother tied ribbons on either our minded with himself, free alike from the prevented from damaging property it

or legs, I do not remember entanglements of business and the ex- will become positively necessary to exwhich, to distinguish us. None of

citements of pleasure, and weighed the clude all picnic parties from the estate." our neighbors or teachers knew us

difficulties to be encountered and con- This appeal to the public and the picapart; we always worked together,

cluded that they could be overcome, he nickers themselves was sufficient; at walked together, slept together, had measles, mumps, and whooping-cough

devoted him.self to the realization of least in my riding and walking about together; never had a single article of

that ideal with a steadfastness of pur- the grounds to-day (June, 1921) I see clothing or money or anything else pose which nothing could discourage. no signs of depredations against which separate for twenty-seven years. In Whatever interfered with that purpose in 1906 Mr. Smiley very justly prothe morning we jumped into the first he set himself to put out of the way. tested. suit of clothes that came in our way, When a railway proposed to build a Under the administration of Mr. Alno matter who wore it the day before.

branch to the foot of the mountain, he bert Smiley and his younger brother All our studies and reading were

discouraged the proposal; it might bring Daniel who with his wife had been from one set of books, reading and

Until we

him customers, but it would hazard the studying simultaneously.

active partners with Mr. Albert Smiley were twenty-seven years old, when

repose which he wished to provide. since 1890, and are with their sons carmy brother married, we had never

When an inn just beyond the bounds of rying on the enterprise in the same had anything to be called mine, but his estate threatened that repose, he spirit since the death of Mr. and Mrs. always ours. At my brother's mar- bought the inn. He was a lover of lib- Albert Smiley, the Lake Mohonk House riage we had to divide clothing and erty; therefore he put up few signs has been more than a home of rest for some other things, but till his death,

which indicated restraints on liberty. the overworked and the brain-weary; it four years since, we had many of our

The only such signs to be seen are some has been a nesting-place for reform interests in common.

scattered through the woods to protect movements. But the readers of The In 1884 this identity of appearance

the trees and flowers and one at every Outlook have been made acquainted still continued. Strangers could not entrance of his grounds forbidding the from year to year with the two Confereasily tell the brothers apart when they use of automobiles.

ences held annually at the Lake Mohonk were together, and when they were not But when enforcement of the common House-one concerning "The Indian together never could tell which was law of his estate was required he did Race and Other Dependent Peoples,” the Albert and which was Alfred. Even the not lack the courage to enforce it. A other concerning "International Arbitrabrothers could not always tell. They wealthy guest came with a large party tion"—and there is therefore no occaonce made an appointment to meet in a prepared to spend a considerable time sion to attempt here the impossible task hotel in New York. Albert arrived first; and a great deal of money; assuming of condensing into a paragraph a record walking down a corridor, he saw his that because of his patronage the hotel of the work of those Conferences and brother approaching; reached out his

would not enforce against him the rule the influence they have exerted on both land to grasp the outstretched hand of prohibiting

the use of liquor, he National and international affairs. All his brother, with the greeting, "Are you brought down his bottle with him to the I have attempted to do in this article here already?" and found that he was dinner table. Mr. Smiley said nothing is to introduce to my readers two addressing his own image in a mirror. until the dinner was over, and then "lovers of hospitality" who have created

They were as much alike in spirit and notified his would-be guest that the a new type of hotel in America and by temperament as in appearance. The rooms assigned to him were no longer their success have proved that by so dosame simplicity which characterized the to be at his service; that he was, in ing they have discovered and provided boarding-house with forty guests charac. short, an “undesirable citizen.” Another for a long-felt want.

7

AN INTERVIEW WITH VISCOUNT SHIBUSAWA

BY JULIAN STREET

“I

or

was

a

s the events connected with the philanthropist. In other words, he has ergetic, with a strong neck and a large

translation of Japan from media- seen a transition practically as great as round head, the face seamed with deep Avalism to modernity recede into that pictured by Mark Twain in his fan- wrinkles, he was one of the most es history it naturally happens that the tastic story "A Connecticut Yankee in traordinary looking men I have ever met. muinber of those who can distinctly re- King Arthur's Court."

He radiated force, honesty, kindliness. member the Japan that was becomes The Japan of Viscount Shibusawa's Long ago I knew a Sioux chief who had smaller and smaller. Men able to recall youth and early manhood was divided a face like his, even to the color and the restoration are to-day about as rare into some three hundred feudal dis. to the deep wrinkles of humor about the as those who, in this country, recall the tricts, each ruled by a daimyo, or mouth and eyes. Nor in either case did impeachment of Andrew Johnson, which chieftain, having his castles, his court, the humorous promise of those wrinkles occurred in the same year; and men his concubines, his retainers; among the fail. who played important parts in the res- latter, soldiers in armor, wearing hideous When, having likened the Viscount to toration are of course rarer still; while masks calculated to terrify the foe and an Indian chief, I liken him also to a as for those old enough to remember equipped only with swords, spears, and barrel-bodied British squire of the John Commodore Perry's visit, there is but a bows and arrows.

Bull type I may put some strain upon handful of them left.

These chiefs had absolute power over · the reader's credulity; yet there was in It so happens, however, that in Japan the people and lands in their domains. him as much of the one as of the other. several very remarkable men have sur- They could make laws,

issue paper vived to a great age. The three most money, lay taxes, impose labor and was a boy of fourteen," he said, powerful figures in politics are the octo- punishment on the people, or arbitrarily

"when your Commodore Perry genarian noblemen known as the genro, take from them property or life itself. came to Japan. At that time, and for a

Elder Statesmen: Field Marshal It was a land without railways, with- considerable period afterwards I Prince Yamagata, Marquis Matsukata, out steam power, without window glass; ‘anti-foreigner'--that is, I was opposed and Marquis Okuma. Prince Yamagata a land in which nobles journeyed by the to the abandonment of our old Japanese as a soldier took an active part in the highroads in magnificent processions, isolation and to the opening of relations civil warfare attending the restoration. surrounded by their soldiers, mounted with foreign Powers. Both he and Marquis Okuma were born and afoot, their lacquered palanquins, “The majority of thoughtful men felt in 1838, seven years before Texas was their coolie bearers; a land in which, as I did. Our trouble with the Jesuits, admitted to our Union as the twenty- when great lords passed, humble citizens in the latter part of the sixteenth and eighth State, and Marquis Matsukata fell to their knees and touched their early part of the seventeenth century, was born in 1840.

foreheads to the ground; a land of came about through a fear which grew Of these venerable statesmen Prince duels, feuds, vendettas, clan wars; up among us that they were trying to Yamagata and Marquis Matsukata figure land in which the samurai, or gentry, get political control of Japan. This as great unseen influences; but Marquis alone were allowed the privilege of fear resulted in their expulsion from Okuma, while perhaps not actually more wearing swords, in which a plebeian the country, as well as some persecution active than his colleagues of the geno, could be struck down by a samurai for of themselves and their converts, and it appears frequently in public and has the most trifling reason, and in which was then that our policy of isolation bebeen more of a popular idol. In politics one of the privileges most highly prized gan. More lately we had seen the he has long been known as a great by samurai was the right of one holding Opium War in China, and that had fighter and an artful tactician; also he that rank to die by his own hand if added to our conviction that in attempt is sympathetically regarded because, condemned to death, instead of by the ing to open relations with Far Eastern many years ago, he was the victim of a hand of the public executioner. In- countries 'foreign Powers were merely bomb outrage in which he lost a leg. volved with this privilege of hara-kiri seeking territory, and that they were

In view of the comparisons often or, as the Japanese prefer to call it, utterly unscrupulous. made between Imperial Japan and the seppukuwas a property right. The "When I reached the age of twentyImperial Germany that used to be, it is property of a man beheaded by the exe- five, I became a retainer of Yoshinobu worth remarking that the three Elder cutioner was confiscated, whereas one Tokugawa, a powerful prince and kinsStatesmen are without exception self- committing seppuku could leave his es- man of lyemochi Tokugawa, who was made men. None of them was born tate to his family.

then Shogun. Not being of noble family, with a title; all were members of mod. Think of a man having started life as I did not belong to Prince Yoshinobu's est samurai families; all rose through a country boy under conditions such as

intimate circle, but was a member of ability.

these and now, at eighty-three, being what might be termed the middle group

known widely as a financier, a director at his court. Ad not the honorary title "Grand Old in companies, and a great organizer and “He was then acting as intermediary

Man of Japan" already been con- supporter of such modern charities as between the Shogun and the Imperial ferred on Marquis Okuma, and had I poorhouses, orphanages, homes for men- Court at Kyoto-for, though the Shogun been invited to make a nomination, I tal defectives, free tuberculosis sani. then ruled the land, as shoguns had for should have gone outside the realm of tariums, reform schools, and the like! centuries, there was maintained a fiction politics and nominated Viscount Eiichi The Viscount was so good as to spend that he did so by Imperial consent. Shibusawa, another of the nation's ven- the better part of two days in telling me "When Iyemochi died, the powerful erable gentlemen.

the story of his experiences in connec- daimyos nominated my lord, Prince Viscount Shibusawa has had probably tion with the restoration. We talked in Yoshinobu, to succeed him. I was opas extraordinary a career as any man a pretty brick bungalow in his garden in posed to his accepting the office, for the alive. In saying this I am taking into ac- Tokyo, our entire conversation being country was then in a very unsettled count the fact that he distinctly remem- conducted through an interpreter, and condition, and I felt sure that the next bers the Japan that existed prior to the being pleasantly punctuated by the ap- Shogun, whoever he might be, would arrival of Commodore Perry in 1853-4, pearances of serving.maids bearing cups have serious difficulties to encounter: that he was Minister of the Treasury to of pale-green tea.

H

especially with the important question the last Shogun, that he later started He was dressed in the silken robes of foreign relations to the fore, and with the first modern bank in Japan, that he which Japanese gentlemen

at such powerful lords as those of Sat. became a great financier and a great home for comfort. Short, stocky, en- suma, Choshu, Tosa, and Hizan becom

wear

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ing increasingly hostile to the Sho- occurred. You must understand that in the Shogun. This made it appear that gunate and increasingly favorable to the Japan it is customary for guests leaving · Yoshinobu had played false, first pubImperial house.

a house where they have been enter- licly relinquishing the Shogun's power, "The fact that Prince Yoshinobu had tained to wrap up cakes and such then changing his mind and fighting to acted as intermediary between his kins- things and take them home. One mem- maintain it. These seemingly conflictman, the fourteenth Shogun, and the ber of our party, who had never seen ing acts puzzled me, for I knew that Imperial Court at Kyoto, made it a deli- ice-cream before, attempted this, wrap- Yoshinobu was a man of the highest cate matter for him later to accept the ping the ice-cream in paper and putting honor. Shogunate. Moreover, though he be- it in the front of his kimono. Needless "I had intended to study in France longed to the Tokugawa family, his to say, the ice-cream was no longer ice- for five years, but there came a mesbranch of the family, the Mito branch, cream when he got back to the hotel, senger from Japan saying that Akitaké had always insisted upon Imperial su- and he himself was not very comfortable. had become head of the Mito branch of premacy in Japan. However, circum- "The Paris Exposition of 1867 was go. the Tokugawa family, which made it stances compelled him to accept the ing on when we arrived. When it was necessary for us to abandon our plans office. I was greatly disappointed when over, we traveled through Switzerland, and return. We sailed from England in he did so.

Holland, Belgium, Italy, and England. December, 1867, reaching Japan in No"This occurred two years after I be- Originally it was planned that after our vember, 1868, eleven months later. came his retainer.

I was

now vice- official tour we should settle down to "I was dumfounded by the change I minister of his treasury, with the addi- study, and I was eager for this time to found. Though I knew that the Shogun tional duties of keeping track of all come. However, it was not long before Government had fallen, I had not visualmodern innovations and supervising the we received news that the Shogunate ized what that would mean. My lord, new-style military drill, with rifles, had fallen.

Yoshinobu, was held prisoner in a house which we were then taking up.

"The news was puzzling. I could not in Suruga. Learning that he was al“Shortly after becoming Shogun, Yo- gather what was happening in Japan. lowed to see his intimate friends and shinobu decided to send his younger First I heard that Yoshinobu, as Sho- retainers, I journeyed to Suruga, where brother, Akitaké, to France to be edu- gun, had publicly returned full I had audience with him several times. cated, and he appointed me a member thority to the Emperor, but later came I found him reticent, and was able to of the entourage that was to accompany word of the battle of Toba-Fushimi, in get from him no explanation of the mysthe young man. I was then twenty- which it was said that troops of the terious course he had pursued. seven years old.

Imperial party had defeated troops of "After having been held prisoner for "We sailed in January, 1867—a party

a year, he was released, but he continof twenty-five, among whom were a doc

ued for thirty years to reside in the tor, an officer who went to study artil.

neighborhood of Suruga, leading a selery, and various other officers of the

cluded life. Not until thirty-one years Shogun's government, besides Akitaké's

after his resignation of the Shogunate seven personal attendants.

did he come to Tokyo. Four years after "For international purposes the Sho

that the Emperor created him a prince gun was now called Tycoon, for the

of the new régime. This showed pretty word 'shogun' means 'generalissimo'

clearly that the Emperor did not misand carries with it no connotation of

trust him. rulership; whereas 'tycoon'

“For twenty years after my return to 'great prince'—and of course it seemed

Japan I was unable to get at the bottom proper enough for a great prince to

of this matter. Meanwhile the question treat with foreign Powers. As brother

was constantly discussed. Those hostile of the Tycoon, Akitaké received in

to Yoshinobu insisted that he had Europe the title 'Highness.'

not acted with sincerity. It was con"Matters looked very ominous for the

tended that the burdens connected with Shogunate at the time we left Japan,

the opening of foreign relations had led but I felt that the best thing for me to

him to lay down the Shogunate, but that do was to go abroad and learn all I

later he changed his mind and fought to could, with a view to being better able

retain it. On the face of it, that seemed to serve my country when I should

true. Yoshinobu was called a coward return.

and a traitor, and was severely criti"The members of our party wore the

cised for having retired, personally, Japanese costume, including topknots

from the battle of Toba-Fushimi. and two swords. I, however, devised a

“On the other hand, those who supspecial elegance for myself. I had heard

ported Yoshinobu asserted that he had that the Governor of Saigon, where our

acted logically and wisely; that he had ship was to stop, intended to welcome

seen that his Government was going to us officially, so I had a dress coat made."

fall, and had been entirely honest in The Viscount shook with laughter as he

surrendering the Shogunate prior to the recalled the episode. "It wasn't a dress

battle. They said he had not desired suit—just the coat. And when we got

battle, but had set out for Kyoto to see to Saigon I wore that coat over my

the Emperor with a view to arranging Japanese silks, in the daytime!

details, especially with regard to the “Our lack of experience with Euro

future welfare of his retainers. · But pean ways caused many amusing things

when a great lord traveled in those to happen. For instance, when we were

times he traveled with an army; when in the train crossing the Isthmus of

the men of Choshu and Satsuma learned Suez—there was no Canal then-one

that Yoshinobu was moving towarı member of the party, unaccustomed to

Kyoto with his soldiers, they came out window-glass, threw an orange-peel, ex

and attacked him, believing, or pretendpecting it to go out of the window. The

ing to believe, that he came on a hostile peel hit the glass and bounced back,

errand. falling into the lap of an official who

VISCOUNT 'SHIBU'SAWA

"At this time the Emperor was but had come to escort us across the isth- **The picture . . . turned better than 1

seventeen years of age and the Governmus. We were much embarrassed by that. myself had anticipated, for besides the swords

ment was in the hands of Elder States. and silken robes of old Japan, there may be "Later, in Paris, another absurd thing

men of the Imperial Party. The Em

seen in it a very modern note"

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peror himself probably had no idea on sacrificing and heroic act of patriotism. a pleasant talk. He complimented the what errand Yoshinobu was approach- For him the performance of the act was behavior of the Japanese troops in the ing Kyoto; but the Elder Statesmen, sufficient."

Boxer trouble, saying that they were not belonging as they did to clans hostile to

only brave but orderly and well disci. the Shogunate, sent out troops.

HROUGHOUT my talk with Viscount plined. Then he spoke with admiration “Many years passed before the truth Shibusawa I felt in him the passion. of the art of Japan. of the matter began to become clear. ate loyalty of the retainer to his lord. "I said to him: 'Mr. President, I am At last, when the .old wounds were Where I had wished for reminiscences only a banker, and I regret to say that pretty well healed, I undertook the com. of a more personal nature, the Viscount, in my country banking is not yet so pi on of a history of Yoshinobu's life I could see, thought of himself first of highly developed as is art.' and times. Finally, I asked him point- all in his relation to the family of "'Perhaps it will be,' he replied, by blank about the events connected with Prince Yoshinobu, the last Shogun, the time we meet again.' his resignation and the subsequent bat- whose retainer he was. He was not in- "Thirteen years later, when I called tle. He told me that he had indeed terested in telling me of his own career, upon him at his home at Oyster Bay, he started to Kyoto on a peaceful errand, but he was profoundly interested in see- took up the conversation where we had but that when the forces sent out ing that I, being a writer, should under- left off. by the great clansmen of the Imperial stand the relationship of Prince Yoshi. ""The last time I saw you,' he said, Party were met, he could not con- nobu to the Imperial restoration. His 'I did not ask you about banking in trol his own men. He had neither attitude made me think of that of an old Japan. Now I want you to tell me all sought nor desired any such conflict. gentleman, now dead and gone, who had about it.'" Therefore, feeling that his highest duty been the adjutant of Robert E. Lee, and was to the Emperor, he himself with- who loved Lee and loved to talk about s I was leaving the bungalow in the drew from the battle, taking no part in him. When I interviewed him, it was garden late in the afternoon of it, and returned whence he had come, the same. I could induce him to talk the second day spent in interviewing the going into retirement. He knew of but little of his own experiences. It was Viscount, the thought came to me that course that the battle would put him in all Lee.

probably I should never again talk with a false light, and he decided that the The loyalty of the retainer to the man who had lived through such wisest and most honorable course for family of his lord is also to be seen in transitions. I wanted a souvenir, and I him to pursue was to show by his life the relationship between the Viscount wished it to be something emblematic in retirement his absolute submission and young Prince Keikyu Tokugawa, of the changes witnessed by those to the Emperor.

son of Prince Yoshinobu. After the shrewd, humorous old eyes. "In order fully to appreciate why death of the father the Viscount contin- Therefore, not without some hesitaYoshinobu was so ready to lay down his ued to act as adviser to the son. He tion, I asked if he would be so kind as power the old Japanese doctrine of became his chief councilor, and when, a to put on his two samurai swords and loyalty to the throne must be fully few years since, he resigned from the let me take his photograph. grasped. This loyalty amounts to a re- Board of Directors of the First National He despatched a servant, who presligion, and permeates the whole life of Bank of Japan--the bank which he ently returned from the house bearing Japan. That is why the Shoguns, who founded five years after the restoration the swords. The Viscount tucked them for SO many centuries ruled Japan, -it was young Prince Tokugawa who through his sash, and I snapped the never attempted to usurp Imperial rank, succeeded to the empty chair.

shutter, hoping fervently that the late but were satisfied, while usurping the The Prince, who is a member of the afternoon light would prove to have power, to preserve the form of govern- House of Peers, is known in the United been adequate. ing always as vice-regents.

States, having last come here during the As the reader may see for himself, the It is my personal belief that when war as representative of the Japanese · picture turned out well. Indeed, it Yoshinobu Tokugawa accepted the Sho- Red Cross.

turned out better than I myself had angunate despite the opposition of his

ticipated, for besides the swords and trusted retainers, he did so with the full ISCOUNT SHIBUSAWA is also a figure silken robes of Old Japan, there may be

not unfamiliar to Americans, hav- seen in it a very modern note. house its rightful power. I used to ask ing visited this country several times. I It was the Viscount's grandson who him about this, and, while he never ad- am indebted to him for an anecdote called attention to that when I showed mitted it, he never denied it. That was illustrative of the prodigious memory of him the photograph. characteristic of him. He was the most President Roosevelt.

"Yes,” he said, with a smile. "you modest and self-effacing of men-the "Eighteen years ago," he said, "when have there the swords of Old Japan. last man who would have claimed for Mr. Roosevelt was President, I called But the watchchain-that is an anhimself the credit for performing a self- upon him at the White House. We had achronism."

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MAJESTY AND MIRAGES

SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE FROM LONDON

BY CHARLES HENRY MELTZER

E

NGLAND, or, to be more correct, times when, in the good old way, he the United Kingdom, is not the gives his people a great deal of pleasure

more

least democratic country in the by forming part of such right royal world. Some think, indeed, that it has shows as I have seen here in the past far

freedom than the United few days. States. But here democracy seems not There was a tendency some years ago to clash with royalty.

to slight him as a royal figurehead. King George of course is altogether But, though less fond of self-assertion harmless to those who gladly call them- than his regretted father, Edward, and selves his subjects. He earns his sal- his still honored grandmother, he has ary, too, by honest work-such work as won wide respect, and even love, by his few of those who rank as laboring folk good sense and simple modesty. would like to shoulder. And there are One day last week I saw him very

closely as he rode from his palace to present new colors to three of the crack regiments of the Guards. He does not shine much when astride a horse; for he is more at home on deck at sea than in what seems to him the irksome saddle. Yet in his scarlet uniform he looked a King, despite his round back and his awkward air. Behind him rode the young Prince, bright as ever, and, side by side with him, the Duke of Connaught. The Guards, in their red bravery, dazzled one. They took one back

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to the dead pre-war times, when they street know well that thmey, and not the were viewed as only rare toy soldiers. Kings and Queens, rule England. Lloyd

A few days later the King went in George may cling to power. No doubi state to the inauguration of some big he does. But if the people say so—0'at new docks. He did not ride; he graced he goes. Free speech is freer here than the Royal Barge—an institution that in New York. The people do not choose goes back for ages.

their Kings. But they do choose their And just before that London had had Premiers. Besides, their Kings, you see, the delight of watching the tall, manly now do no harm. At moments, a3 was Belgian King drive with amazing pompproved by the King's call for pea ce in and pageantry to the Guildhall. That Ireland and by his intervention still was a show of sorts not to be missed, more lately to avert a misunderst inding a grand revival of impressive splendor. with regard to the Disarmamesit ConThe state coach drawn by six right royal ference, they may do good. steeds was all ablaze with gold and scar- Traditions. They die hard here, if let liveries of the most gorgeous kind. they die. They work in various ways, The outriders were stunning. They too, some against the King, though not were ripping. The rich gold of the in ways which need distress hirn greatly. cocked hats worn by the red flunkeys For instance, look at what has just been who sat so silent and majestic behind happening. The visit of the King and the state carriages in the procession Queen to the strange Channel Islands, charmed the eye. But best of all, per- where, though they have formaed part of haps, were the red Guards who escorted the United Kingdom for ages, the Albert, with flashing breastplates, white French tongue and the customs of a plumes, and long sabers. Their coal- thousand years are still kept up. It black mounts made an imposing sight. was in French that George V, who in There was no snobbery in the attitude the long Norman is'es ranks as a Duke, of the crowds which watched the replied to the welcome of his Guernsey pageant. I feel quite sure New Yorkers and Jersey subjects. The cry which would have thrilled much more than greeted him was."Vive le Roi!" The they did if they had witnessed such a seigneurs of the isles all did him honor. spectacle. Faint cheers, hats raised, But they preserved their ancient claims and brief words of approval. And then to independence as they cheered their the Belgian monarch swept on eastward. nominal ruler, "Long live the King, our

To Londoners, to Englishmen at large, Duke!” was the formula with which such shows are welcome. They are not they expressed their loyalty. The banlooked upon as challenges to democrats. ner unfurled in the Assembly Chamber They are just shows, survivals of tradi- at St. Helier's, the capital of Jersey, tions. The man and woman in the bore the device of the old Duchy of Nor

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While Worlll'hotos
KING GEORGE VAND QUEEN MARY WATCHING
THE SHORES OF IRELAND RECEDE AS

THEIR YACHT LEAVES BELFAST
“Besides, their kings, you see, now do no harm.
At moments, 18 was proved by the King's call
for peace in Ireland, .. they may do good"
mandy-three lions upon a scarlet
ground. It is said not to have been dis-
played since the Coronation of King
George III. The Jerseyites, like the
Guernseyites (but unlike our Jersey-
ites), love and pay homage to the an-
cient ways and glories. And, who
knows, may it not be to the laxity of
their millennial bonds that George owes
that loyalty?

In days to come, perhaps-I say, perhaps—it is conceivable that the distressful Isle of Erin may welcome future Kings of England just as heartily, and just as honestly, as Guernsey and Jersey. But much depends on the momentous meeting which, as I write, is taking place in Downing Street between Lloyd George, who, with the Parliament, now really rules the United Kingdom, and De Valera, who is called the Irish President.

Will peace come of that meeting, as all pray? Or will peace fade away like one of the mirages which have within the present week been seen in England?

The other day, close to Trafalgar Square, I saw a crowd of people crouching near the ground. The eyes of all were turned toward the Mall, at the far end of which appeared the royal palace. The King and Queen were absent, in the Channel. The crowd could not be waiting to acclaim them. The autos and the busses dashed along, much to t!'. peril of the crouching, kneeling)

[graphic]

From the London "Daily Mirror''
"THE OTHER DAY, CLOSE TO TRAFALGAR SQUARE, SAWA

('ROL'CHTIG NEAR THE GROUND".

I

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