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dreds. Yet no one moved. The people still stared strangely in the direction of the palace. I asked a man what it all could mean.

"Mean, sir?" said he. "Why it means a mirage. If you'll just get down on your knees like them, you'll see a river rippling right across the Mall.”

And they did see it, hough my eyes were blind. Just now most are seeing peace in Ireland.

London, July 14, 1921.

THE DANIEL JAZZ AND THE RABBI

A PRIVATE LETTER TO THE POET VACHEL LINDSAY

EAR Jr. Tachel Lindsay: to the side of God, and in return God. demic of fidgeting in God's house:
This is to thank you for hav.

put him right back into the hands of his then a few of our higher-ups began Ding written that delightful whim. own enemies. In all the years as a min- taking out and consulting their watches sical song of yours, "The Daniel Jazz." ister's wife I have not once found the (usually a grave symptom), there was a Truly I do not know just where to pour

Lord saying as much as “I thank you" to nervous scraping of feet, trustees were my blessing--on Daniel or on the jazz. an ally of his. But of course my hus- exchanging glances—the reading went To be sure it is the prophet who should band says that God is no politician to on; an officer of the temple was rising be blessed; but alas! what were the sit in heaven dealing out favors for your to his feet, some one shook his fist in prophet to me without your jazz?

vote; nevertheless I hold that he ought the minister's face-my husband went I am the wife of a rabbi-a rabbi to show a little more appreciation for on with his reading; then a cry from ordained in heaven. That is really his his saints, don't you?

the most dignified parishioner. Woncardinal failing-he is too good for the A new era of distress was ushered in dering, the rabbi looked up from the profession. With that he has a few upon us when my reverend husband book—then what a noise! A hundred minor faults-he is very modest, knows took it into his head one Sabbath men and women in one voice were his shortcoming, and is always apolo

morning to expound before the congre- shouting, calling their minister namessizing for it to our relatives. Whenever gation the Ten Commandments. He “Communist, Bolshevik, Anarchist!" they chide him, he says: “I know, I opened such a fiery exposition on those The rabbi was trying to get in a know, I'm quite a misfit in the minis- ten dreadful forbiddances and led the word-impossible; pandemonium; then try--as out of place as the Lord himself congregation in his own subtle, poetic some one put out the lights—the ladies would be there."

way through such an artful, mazy laby- screamed—the lights went up again; As for our congregation, they pay

rinth of "Do's and Don'ts" which made now all is quiet; a little innocent boy, him a salary of ceaseless tribulation. those ten awful treasures become as one of the rabbi's pupils, mounts the Of course they are perfect gentlemen fragile and breakable as life itself. Oh, choir loft. "Come down here, Edward! ** only a little distrustful and suspicious. our poor parishioners, how their souls his father calls up. The boy shouts and I do believe they suspect my hus- were caught like poisoned rabbits in a down: "Shut up, you, everybody; and band of taking his profession seriously, trap; how they tossed about in frantic you, too, daddy. Don't you know what of really being religious. Besides, they despair, for with every move and turn the rabbi was reciting there? The Dec. surmise that he actually expects them and wriggle they found themselves laration of Independence, the imprican to live up to his preachments-they smashing. smashing the Command- Declaration of Independence, you bunch sort of suspect that only. I dare not ments. And I looked on--looked on in of greenhorns!think what might happen should they pity, turned my eyes away--souls in In silence the pew magnates resumed be ronrinced of it.

travailare a sight only for the Almighty. the services, hiding their shamed and I suppose you know that the Jewish Do you wonder, then, Mr. Lindaay, long noses in the prayer-books. people gave the world a Bible--that is, that the congregation fled from the The leaders came with a new project. nne meddlesome Jew long ago committed temple that day to the club-house, which “Rabbi, we are tired of prayers, and that atrocity, and I know that the world is just next door and serves as a power. especially of sermons; give us a treat never forgave him for it, and I also ful antidote to the pulpit preachings? for a while, Doctor. We'll pay you know that in this generation have arisen Now, instead of doing penance and your salary regularly, we'll even ina tribe of Hebrews who are trying most giving them the next Sabbath a mild, crease it; we'll do everything for you heroically to live down that wrong per- syrupy little sermon with a dash of if you'll treat us decently. Come on, petrated by our forefather Moses. Yes, dope in it to take off the edge of pain Doc, close the Bible and let us shut up sir, any rabbi who is ready to dis ain from their consciences, and thus put the temple for a few months. We'll the Scriptures to-day buys himself a life- himself in their grace again, he opened treat you to a trip to Miami, and if we long job in some temples. But what with a chapter of Isaiah and spoke on need you to conie down to marry or cares my husband for a job? Now the love and peace. And right there in the bury one of us, we'll wire you. Isn't gentlemen of our temple are not with- synagogue they branded him as a Hun. that a fair offer, Doc?" out their attributes--they are polite Now, tell me, Mr. Lindsay, you are a Our family-my husband's folks and and, as they call themselves, broad and man of the world, but is there really mine-said that this was the best busiliberal. They allowed my husband three any kinship between the love and peace ness proposition ever made to any man: means by which to escape trouble: of the mild, honeyed Messianic days of they said it was a sure sign of a hapeither to read only such portions of the which Isaiah day-dreamed and Hur. pier era when a higher salary is offered Bible as they agreed with; or, if he ism, whether made in Germany or else for less labors. But my reverend hus read the others, to interpret them as where?

band-he denounced this proposal as they, busy, unlettered, pleasure-mad Then came forth the pillars, the ver- undignified and dishonorable. Dignity business men on the Temple Board, saw tebræ, of our community with a and honor is all that we ever feast on. fit; or, best of all, to banish the Scrip. project: “Fling all religion out of the It seemed for a while as if our con. tures from the temple altogether. Now, pulpit, rabbi," they said, “and, for God's gregation's genius for giving their even my nearest and dearest relatives sake, talk on Americanism. It makes pastor trouble had suddenly given out. say that for a congregation to offer a a better showing before our Christian zort of spiritually evaporated. Every. minister three ways to get out of trouble neighbors."

Lody was smiling on us, and my husband is unheard-of magnanimity.

My priest-husband smiled. “There was asking himself what sin he had But my husband, he refused every is more religion in Americanism than committed Then one day he rushed offer, and, defying all these powerful these gentlemen bargain for," he said jubilantly into the house. “I am not so gentlemen who hold all the means of to me. The following Sabbath he baa after all, Molly," he cried; "they're our life in their hands, not to speak of opened his discourse with a reading. afte me again." honor, fame, and position, he went over Suddenly I became aware of an epi. "I: there really anything under or

new

above the heavens for which they can maxim which is not very original, “Jazz on the electric-lit minds of theirsfind fault with you now?" I queried. can put snap and punch and pep even What if this poor, struggling, humble

"Yes, wife, they say I'm not Amer. into the Psalms;" and he usually illus- pastor of theirs be really a true, Godican enough. I talk too much about trates this saying of his with a sancti. inspired saint, a modern prophet? Abraham Lincoln, they tell me. I'm monious smile, for, after all, who but

And his tender sweetheart prayed, always quoting him and extolling his a churchman would think of referring "Send Gabriel, send Gabriel!” virtues; they are beginning to fear he to the Psalms at all?

And Gabriel did chain the lions down, may have been a Hebrew himself, and “Darius the Mede was a king and a

wonder." so are losing all respect for him."

The little girl told us all

and Daniel did get out of the den, and, With so many sins on the part of about his pride and the bad lions he

what is more (oh, thanks especially for my husband, the parting had to come kept in his monstrous den, and about

this, Mr. Lindsay), “Darius gave him at last. We were going away, and they Daniel, who was the chief hired man in

his job again."

There was a genuine shout of joy were giving us a farewell banquet. the land, about his playing the jazz. To me they were all pussy-willow band and whitewashing the cellar and

from the innocent children, who were politeness. They tried to show me shoveling in the coal, and particularly

entirely unaware of the plots and plans every sort of kitten-ear-silk kindness about that freakish hobby of his, ever

weaving about them in the heart of you can think of. They sent me gifts— praying, “Lord, save my soul, Lord,

holiness. The little miss declaimed: candies, puddings, and baskets of fruit. save my soul!” And every time the "And he gave him his job again. I always look for a knife with their little miss would drone out this prayer And he gave him his job again." gifts; no, not only a knife to cut the the congregation, in one sweeping, good

And all the children clapped their cake and peel the fruit with-I always natured, humoring, kindly, patronizing

hands in honest glee and joined in the fear there is a blade hidden somewhere smile, turned its eye upon my husband

chorus: for their rabbi's side.

and the banquet hall rang with shouts And yet this is not true altogether. of laughter. So like this unsuccessful

"And he gave him his job again.

And he gave him his job again." There are some who really send us divine of theirs! gifts out of the kindness of their hearts, My husband smiled back and nodded It seemed to me that the officers of and but for the very instant when they his head approvingly; he was really God's house looked somewhat angry, open their purses to pay the bill and, very happy to see a prophet so popular disappointed. Whom were they, angry involuntarily, some stray wish leaps with the congregation. She told us in with--Darius the heathen, the ancient into their hearts, "Let them choke your words all about that ancient aris- barbarian? And why? For giving with my cake and get spasms from my tocracy-Ahab and Elisha and Cain and Daniel back his job? fish!" they really send them to us as Pharaoh-coming to tea, Meshach and I couldn't eat my dessert, wondering tokens of their love.

Abednego dropping in for a chat, all why the trustees of God's prayer-house No, this too is not altogether so. about St. Peter, Belsebub, Judas, and had suddenly disappeared. But soon There are gifts that actually come un- the whole ancient royal bunch of them. they came filing back, and the chair. escorted of daggers and curses. They And Daniel kept a-praying, "Lord, save man made a speech. "Rabbi," he said are little sin-offerings of guilty parish- my soul!" and we all laughed and made "in the name of the officers and memioners. Many a pot of hyacinths, or merry over it.

bers of this temple, I pray you to foran apron for the baby, or tie for my So far it was all pure fun. And now give us the wrong we have done you, husband, cheering and useful to us, are began our little soul drama. You re- and to remain the guide and counselor ointment and balm to the conscience of member your words about Daniel's of our souls." some sinful member. For instance, sweetheart and mother, how they were No, sir, these twentieth-century polite dashing Alice never fails to outfit our good and meek:

gentlemen would not let a drunken, children in shoes and stockings each

antiquated barbarian like Darius out.

They washed and ironed for Darius time she is ready to run off with a new

shine them in humaneness and justice;

every week. husband. Alice has great faith in luck,

One Thursday he met them as usual

besides, Jews are famous for delicate and the stockings and shoes (though

at the door,

consciences. they make me sad when they come) to Paid them their wages but acted sore. Now you see why Daniel had to go her are a sort of sacrifice offered through He said: "Your Daniel is a dead little through all those trials—to serve, like us to her god. I do pray that Alice

pigeon.

the law-book cases, as a merciful precetakes now a long, long vacation in this

He's a good hard worker, but he talks

dent for my husband. But really, with: burying and marrying business, even

rcligion."

out the jazz all his distress and the though my children may have to go

There was a guilty glance in my

king's fitful magnanimities were of no unshod for ever so long. reverend husband's direction. And when

avail-it was the jazz that gave prestige But no, I must not resume my story the child told us how the emperor put

to the prophet. until I round up this statement to make the good prophet Daniel in a lion's cage

Do you wonder now why I thank it whole and true. Sometimes, in a and, despite the cries and prayers and

you? Think of it-for another whole long, long while, some one almost entreaties of Daniel's sweetheart and

year my children shall not know of shamefacedly leaves a gift: a glass of

mother, the king set the lions on the hunger, winter will not find them cold, prunes, a bag of ripe tomatoes, a bell prophet and roared to them:

nor sickness without medicine! When for the baby-little trifles that come

we came home from that happy farewell. with a blessing from a whole heart, and

"Bite Daniel, bite Daniel,

stay party, I fell upon my husband's

Bite him, bite him, bite him." therefore are no trifles to us.

neck, and, weeping for joy, told him

And the lions roaredBut now to my story. They tried to

this.

"We want Daniel, Daniel, Daniel." make that banquet a very enjoyable

He beamed on me in his dreamy, affair. (I suppose it is that conscience It was all said in a minute or two, affectionate way, and said: “Yes, yes, I business.) Flowers, toasts, music, and but that minute or so was long and had forgotten that side of it, Molly, plenty to eat. Congregations are like heavy with dramatic fire. I could see dear. But think, sweet heart, how many the summer resort boarding houses that the magnates of our temple listening texts in the Bible I have not yet had give you a good dinner when you arrive with drooping eyes and noses, and hall occasion to preach on! Another year and a grand dinner when you leave, stealthily casting a look in their rabbi's gives me at least fifty Sabbaths!” sandwiched in with the starvation, heart. direction. "Bite Daniel, bite him, bite Oh, what does it matter, Mr. Lind. ache, and abuse of the time intervening. him, bite him!" Had they not bitten say, even if my joy be not as high and

At that farewell party a little girl just so into the heart of a pure Daniel? as exalted as his? I am nevertheless stood up to recite your "Daniel Jazz." And why? And wherefore? Because he as grateful. She had chosen the piece for its second was too zealous for the sake of the Lord? With honest thanks, believe me, name, you may be sure, for one of I could hear their quick, uneasy breath.

Most cordially, the pillars of our congregation has a ing. I could read the words that flashed

MOLLY AMOS

)

THE PERMIT KINGDOM

BY EMMA SAREPTA YULE

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N past days the peninsula known on Truly, this permitting, while it has its Ii one is familiar with Japan through the map as Korea was called the amusing side, eise it could not be borne, time spent there until the ways of the

"Hermit Kingdom." To-day a new is no joke. It is harrying. The tourist country have sunken in, the change is sobriquet is attaching itself to it, the of course scarcely feels it. It is wisdom apparent as soon as one steps aboard "Permit Kingdom." And, as is the way not to hamper him and his shower of the steamer at Shimonoseki-indeed, with nicknames, it is a fair description shekels. But for those who dwell in even in the station. The difference bein a capsular form.

the land, and particularly for those comes more intensive, as it were, with If you are a resident of Korea and a whose heritage it is, life is one permit each mile northward, until by the time friend drops in on you unexpectedly or after another, varied only by Verboten Seoul is reached one's annoyance, re. otherwise, for overnight or longer, you whose number is legion.

sentment, or just plain irritation is most must at once report this to the police To one who has spent many, many disturbing. Not from one's personal er. or be heavily fined for not getting a per- wholly delightful months in Japan in perience exactly; just from the human mit. Should there be anything unusual different years, who is second to none atmosphere. —that is, to the Japanese mind-in your in admiration for the past and the pres- This same atmosphere may prevent report, say friends from different places ent of its people, who likes their pleas- realization of anticipation in the hotel and staying for different lengths of time, ant courtesy and finds real recreation in Seoul. My anticipation was rooted in your statement may not suffice. Police- and unceasing interest in their country, past idyllic months in the well-known men in blue and gendarmes in khaki, the Japanese as they are in Korea are hotels that have brought fame to Japan. both brave in gold and red braid and not only an unpleasant surprise, but Money and effort have done their part clanking swords and with much display well-nigh unbelievable. During a few in the Seoul hostelries. It was not the of an attitude of authority, will call at weeks recently spent in the "Permit inanimate that stirred me, but the ani. your residence and before your permit Kingdom" this transformation gave me mate. It was so different from Japan, is forthcoming you will be interrogated a' succession of rude shocks; and I felt and yet the whole force were Japanese. until, if it is your first experience, regret, almost sorrow, as well as won- Again, in past days in Japan the police amazement will succeed annoyance. der at the change. It was like looking man had always been my dependable aid, Whos, whats, whys, wheres, whens, and at the distorted shape of something that my friend, ever kindly, courteous, and wherefores will hit you volley after vol. had once been pleasing in its symmetry. helpful. Conceive the shock and reley. And to no query may you raise the Arrogance with flecks of impudence in- bound when on my first day in Seoul, objection, "incompetent, irrelevant, and stead of the old courtesy; swagger in. in reply to a question put most politely inmaterial.”

stead of dignity; an insistent see-what-i. as to direction, the blue-uniformed, sword. Possibly further permits, should the am-doing instead of the deprecating girded creature looked at me with an visit be one of some duration, will have modesty with which one has grown famil. imitation of superciliousness, barely to be secured. One can easily imagine iar in Japan. I kept repeating to my- twitched his thumb, then turned his an aspiring, officious gendarme inspect- self, “How can they be so utterly differ- back, clanked his sword, and resumed ing, and probably biue-penciling, your ent in this land which they are ruling his occupation of looking like a guardian menus for the day and plans for diver- from what they are in their own coun- of peace and order. To be fair in judgsion. One can hear him say: "Very try?” As the many thousands sent to ment, I afterward tested sundry of these sorry to you, please excuse, but your

Korea could not be picked for this pecu- officers, and always with results vary. lady guests please not wear so small liarity, and as it is noticeable to a lesser ing only in personal interpretation of skirt while in Chosen. Also, please, degree in the business man and tran- the haughty policeman in a foreign posmen guests not laugh on street. Very sients as well, I came to the conclusion session of Nippon. My thankfulness that bad for Koreans to see these things." that to transplant a Japanese in a region I did not want a permit grew with each Fancy may have taken a bit of a canter over which the Rising Sun flag is waving test. 1 ere, but Truth on other roads would causes a psychological change, a char. All praise for the material improve have gone farther and faster. acter metamorphosis.

ments made by the Japanese in Korea. But this could have been done without a metamorphosis of character, a change of aura. Improvements may have consideration for that which is esteemed by other human beings. The regard for all objects associated with sacred things in Japan impresses even the indifferent. Just spots are held sacred in making new improvements, even in that land of limited space. Yet the much-boasted-of Government hotel in Seoul is built in the grounds of the Temple of Heaven, the most sacred place to the Koreans in the city. The utilization, with true Japa nese artistic instinct, of all the bes: points of the grounds does not make it less a sacrilege. While drinking tea 0.1 the hotel terrace overlooking the ancient temple I could not like the setting for thinking of the thousands of hearts that

this desecration is hurting. The hotel TEMPLE OF HEAVEN AND TRIPLE ARCH WITH "KING'S STONE,” AS SEEN FROM

manager told me with vainglory of how

the old grounds and gates and so on HOTEL TERRACE, SEOUL

were used and preserved, though changed. The much-boasted-of Government hotel in Seoul is built in the grounds of the Temple of

In his telling he seemed unconscious of. Heaven, the most sacred place to the Koreans in the city. ... I could not like the setting for thinking of the thousands of hearts that this desecration is hurting'

utterly ignored, the fact that the place

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was ground sacred to the country's people, and that in his own land the hotel would have had another site. And this in face of the fact that Korea was Japan's first teacher in the religious architecture for which the land is famed. How can they so forget? As a source of Japanese culture respect. would seem to be due.

Fine Government buildings are signs of progress. But was it necessary that the new building should have been so located as to wholly cut off, put in the back yard, as it were, the old North Palace and grounds? The long unused Imperial Palace in Kyoto is preserved with almost holy love. Why did not tact at least keep in its proper setting this palace and grounds for the Koreans, by whom it is revered as the Kyoto palace is by the Japanese? But no; to the Japanese in Korea the country has no past, only Japanese-made present and

ARCADES AND GATE IN NORTH PALACE GROUNDS, WITH SCAFFOLDING OF future. It was bad enough to spoil the

GOVERNMENT BUILDING IN THE BACKGROUND grounds and surroundings of the palace

Fine Government buildings are signs of progress. But was it necessary that the new with the hideous exhibition buildings

building should have been so located

put in the back yard, so to speak, and mar the entrance with a museum

the old North Palace and grounds?" of unpardonable architecture and filled with "see-what-I-have done" things, without this crowning piece of arrogance. arrogance be paralleled in history's which Japan drank in the early periods Why do they do these stupid things? records? Will the Verbotens make the of her evolution. How preposterous, One says it over and over. I watched Koreans in their souls speak the new then, just because in the course of huwith throat chokes groups of Koreans, names? Never! Pingyang will never be man events the flag of Japan floats over their long white garments accenting the Heijo, or Seoul Keijo to a Korean Will the peninsula, to make or try to make tragic sorrow depicted on their faces, the world bother to forget the old and the language of that country not only walking through the arcades in the learn the new? Will all the literature the Court vehicle of speech but the palace grounds, gazing in silence on the extant on Korea be changed? Methinks speech of the hearth and mart; to depillared Hall of Audience, always, it not. A decree by the Government of cree that it shall be the language in seemed, with their backs turned on the Korea is not going to make the world which all instruction is to be imparted scaffolded building rearing its huge bulk speak of the Koreans as Chosenese-at in the schools! Surely the one who pernear the fine gate. And my thoughts least not till more than one generation petrated this plan must have imbibed went to palaces and other buildings in has passed. And of what use? The deeply but not discriminatingly from the Japan preserved, revered, because of Korean names are perfectly good names, Nietzschean stein. their past association with the history preferable to the ear and tongue as mere Although they are excluded from of the country. Because I so sincerely

words. Then consider it as an example school history work to-day, Korea has like and admire the homeland Japanese, of efficiency. All publications for gen- its own perfectly good heroes, both legenregret that was akin to grief was felt eral use must give two names—one, dary and historical, but when Arbor Day that in this fair land they are so dif- usually the Korean, in parenthesis. A was instituted--and an admirable thing ferent; seeking to destroy, not to pre- key would be necessary without the it is the day fixed upon and proclaimed serve.

double names.

In this day of paper is April 3, the assumed birthday of Adeptly, astutely, the Japanese can on shortage, cost of printing, and other Jimmu Tenno, Japan's legendary first his native heath put himself in the other costs what a waste! A heap of things Emperor. Now why was this fine opporfellow's place. But in his annexed ter- could be done for the country's welfare tunity to do the obvious passed by? It ritory he is Teuton-like in not under- with the cost of these Japanese-made was not even polite, to say nothing of standing or caring how the other fellow geographical names. Besides, there is being tactless. will think and feel. The instances show- the indirect cost because of the psycho- It would appear to be something of a ing this can be multiplied, and with no logical effect on the Koreans. The Japa- job to step into land which has a civilismall multiplier. Only a strait separates nese as he is in his own country would zation, a past rich in culture, though a' Japan from Korea. But the transfor- never have done it.' So Korea is called little on the down hill, a bit out at the mation of Japanese character produced the "Kingdom of Two Names" as well elbows, and hoist your banner and say: by crossing this strip of water, more as the "Permit Kingdom.” It is ludi- "Hear, ye people! You have no lanhallowed by history than any other crous. That which appeals to the sense guage, no literature, no heroes, no hiswaters washing the shores of the Island of the ludicrous never commands respect tory-in fact, no past. Your existence Empire, is a thing to marvel at.

though pomp and circumstance, sur. begins now. Your country, capital, There is the new geographical nomenround it.

towns, mountains, rivers, have no names clature of Korea. What possible line of On a par with the doubling of the geo- except the names given by us. We'll mental antics could have resolved on graphical names is the attempt to give let you keep your own cognomens for this folly? The country is far older in the country bodily, as it were, the Japa- the present; later we'll probably rename civilization and political geography than nese language. Is there reason in try- the eighteen million of you. You will Japan; the name of each river, moun- ing to abolish a national mother tongue, take notice that from this time on you tain, town, had its local association and a language, not a dialect, spoken from are not to be yourselves, you are to be meaning. Then to expect the people to one end of the land to the other; a US. So get busy.” In the United States purr approval when all these names by language in which a classic literature is vernacular, some job this! The Japaa stroke of a pen are obliterated (so de- written? More than that, the language nese in his normal state of mind would creed) and names made in Japan sub- that was the source of Japanese lan. have bowed and said, “Please ex stituted! Can so superlative a piece of guage and the first fount of culture from cuse."

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I

IS DEMOCRACY A FAILURE ?

sion, to his chapter (LXXIII) on "Re

sults Democratic Government Has T is not often the lot of a statesman so-called radical experimentation of Aus- Given."

to produce two monumental books tralia and New Zealand. He does not With all its defects, with all its fail.

on the art and science of statesman- think that democracy is a panacea. He ures, with all its inefficiency, and—what ship. Viscount Bryce, better known to is not even positive that it is an immor- is perhaps most discouraging of allAmericans as James Bryce, formerly tal form of government. He evidently with all its mediocrity, democracy is British Ambassador to the United regards government not as an end in still the hope of the world. For "if we States, has probably performed this

look back to the world of the sixteenth unique feat. I say probably because no :

century comfort can be found in seeing man living to-day can be absolutely sure

how many sources of misery have been what posterity a century or two hence

reduced under the rule of the people and will regard as permanent and monu.

the recognition of the rights of all. 11 mental contributions to the history of

it has not brought all the blessings that government. But for nearly a hundred

were expected, it has in some countries years de Tocqueville's study of Ameri

destroyed, in others materially dimincan democracy has been regarded as a

ished many of the cruelties and terrors, classic and Lord Bryce's “American

injustices and oppressions, that hau Commonwealth,” published more than

darkened the souls of men for man: thirty years ago, has taken a place be

generations." side it. Now at eighty years of age,

The plan of the book, although comLord Bryce, out of his ripe knowledge

prehensive, is simple. Lord Bryce conand experience, gives the world the

siders in the opening chapters some of facts and conclusions of his lifelong

the features, qualities, and relationships study of democratic governments. These

of democratic government in general. conclusions may well give the ardent

He then takes six modern democraciesbeliever in popular sovereignty pause,

France, Switzerland, Canada, the United although they do not necessarily bring

States, Australia, and New Zealanddisillusionment or even disheartenment.

and goes into their structure and acconThe first thing that strikes the reader

plishments in detail. Finally, he conof these two scholarly volumes is their

cludes with a series of chapters examinfreedom from cant and prejudice. They

ing and criticising democratic instituare written by a man who believes in

tions in the light of the facts he has party government and in democratic in

related, stating his observations on cerstitutions, and who has put his beliefs

tain general democratic phenomena, and into practice in a long and honorable

giving his estimates of the social, intelcareer. Yet he writes not as an advo

lectual, and moral influences of democcate arguing a case. His purpose-to

racy. quote his own words—is that of "de

More pages-one hundred and sixtyscribing the phenomena as they appear

five, to be exact-are given to the study in their daily working to an observer

of the United States than any other sinwho is living in the midst of them and

gle subject in the book. Lord Bryce watching them, as one standing in a

does not regard our government as ingreat factory sees the play and hears

comparably the best in the world nor the clang of the machinery all around

does he fail to record some serious danhim. ... The book is not meant to pro

gers, or rather diseases, that threaten pound theories. Novelties are not pos.

its body politic. Its history, he thinks, sible in a subject the literature of which

“furnishes an instructive example of the began with Plato and Aristotle and has

perpetual conflict between the forces of been enriched by thousands of pens

Idealism and Selfishness." Among the since their day. What I desire is, not

diseases from which the American deto impress upon my readers views of

mocracy is suffering he names the low my own but to supply them with facts

tone of many State legislatures; the and (so far as I can) with explanations

inefficiency of governmental administraof facts on which they can reflect and

tion due to the spoils system; the mefrom which they can draw their own

diocrity of elected judges; the delays conclusions."

and uncertainties of the administration Lord Bryce has remarkably succeeded

of criminal justice; the scandals of city in attaining his object. It may perhaps

government; the power of wealth: the be permitted to an American democrat,

oligarchic and undemocratic character who knows the reactionary tendencies

of party organizations; and the neglect of intellectual tradition and vested in.

(C) Underwood

by the best trained and most gifted citi. terests in his own country, to say that

VISCOUNT BRYCE

zens of their political duties, who leave Lord Bryce's catholicity, human sym.

As he appeared on his arrival in the United
States a few days ago to lecture at the School

the arduous and sometimes obnoxious pathy, tolerance of novelty, and absolute of International Relations at Williams College, work of political management and adfrankness are especially refreshing

Massachusetts

ministration to professional politicians when it is remembered that he comes by itself but as a machine with which to of the second rank. These dangers are training and experience from the intel. obtain a certain end, and he judges a easily recognizable by any American lectual and governmental aristocracy of machine, as all sensible men in their familiar with the political tendencies of Great Britain. But the words "initia- calmer moments must, by its product. the times in the United States. Fortutive" and "referendum" do not terrify As an example of his fairness in stating nately, an increasing number of Ameri. him, and he sees much to admire in the facts the reader might well turn at once can citizens are beginning to realize

to his five chapters on New Zealand, and that democratic government does not I Vorten Trocracies 1.1. lixront Hire

as an example of the fine spirituality of mean that the citizen must vote for Fans, New York

his conclusions, if I may use the expres- every office-holder from hog-reeve-a

[graphic]

Ty the Right Honor

Thi Machiillian $10.00

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