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of distemper," not "the cause of your distemper." With this last passage compare another passage in 'Macbeth,' on which the emendator has fallen with heavy hand, viz., V. viii. 44:

Your cause of sorrow

Must not be measured by his worth, for then It hath no end.


Here" cause of sorrow" is no more than "case of sorrow or simply "sorrow" itself. The following two passages will, I trust, put beyond a doubt the correctness of my interpretation. 'All's Well,' II. i. 114:

Hearing your high majesty is touch'd

With that malignant cause wherein the honour
Of my dear father's gift stands chief in power
I come to tender it, &c.

Coriolanus,' III. i. 235:—

First Sen. Leave us to cure this cause.
For 'tis a sore upon us

You cannot tent yourself.

Jesus College, Cambridge.


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It lies, to cure me: and the cure is to Remove these thoughts from you. Hen. VIII.,' II. iv. 100. Several other lines in this play are corrupt as printed in the most pretentious editions, but since the requisite corrections are, and have been for decades, on record it were idle to cite them. I do not trace the following as having been indicated:Wolsey. Please your highness, note This dangerous conception in this point. Not friended by his wish, to your high person His will is most malignant; and it stretches Beyond you to your friends.

Read rather :

Globe, Hen. VIII.,' I. ii. 138.

Please your highness note

His dangerous conception in this point: Not ended by his wish to your high person, His will is most malignant and it stretches Beyond you, to your friends.

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indubitably wrong in supposing that Leonatus, in comparing the sighs of his wife and friend to "the mort o' the deer," meant to describe their sighs as artificial" and "forced." To him they seemed neither artificial nor forced, but much too natural and real. The only expression in the soliloquy which seems to imply artificiality is that which depicts the twain as making practised smiles as in a looking glass"; but this, in the connexion in which it stands, can mean only that they were as great adepts at smiling on each other as if they had practised it at a glass. In comparing their sighs to "the mort o' the deer" he meant that their sighs were " long-drawn as its notes." I think MR. HALL, on reconsideration, will see that this is the meaning. That he did not see so at once is the cause of the only defect in his otherwise excellent and useful note. R. M. SPENCE, M.A.

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My lord, if I

Can get him once within my pistol's length. There is a certain awkwardness in this which has to be accounted for. Pistol's range, not length, would have been correct. But I hold that the pistol here spoken of is a dagger. The word is so construed in the notes to the enumeration of weapons in the third book of Rabelais, Prologue:

"Petits Poingars appelez ainsi de la ville de Pistoie en Italie, d'ou ils vinsent. Dans la suite le même nom a aussi été donné à cette petite arquebuse q'on appelle encore aujourd'hui pistolet de poche; et il n'est pas jusqu'aux petits écus d'Espagne et de l'Italie que les Espagnols et les Italiens n'aient aussi appelez Pistolets. Voiez Henri Etienne dans la préface de son traité de la conformité du langage François avec le Grec."-Ed. Amsterdam, 1725.

In England the words have been interchanged in the opposite way:—

"He [Somerville] told them that he was going to London to shoot the Queen with his dagg, an he hoped to see her head set on a pole, for she was a serpent and a viper."-Froude, 'Hist. of England,' vol. ii. p. 396.

I incline to think, because of the archaism, that the line in question must have belonged to the old play of 'Pericles,' and was left untouched by Shakspeare when he revised and rewrote. HUGH CARLETON.

25, Palace Square, Upper Norwood.



(Continued from 7th 8. v. 423.) Degree conferred on June 4, 1753:—

Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,-Whereas it hath been represented to me that the Reverend Mr. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, Master of Arts of Yale College in New England, though bred a Dissenter, is now upon sound principles a convert to the Church of England, and appointed by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts missionary at Elizabeth Town in Jersey; and whereas he is recommended by the Bishop of London, Doctor Johnson of Connecticut, and several persons of the worthy Society aforesaid, as a person for his character and behaviour in the service of the Church of England well deserving a mark of esteem from your University; I therefore, to give greater credit and countenance to his mission, give my consent that the degree of Master of Arts be conferred on him by diploma. I am,

Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,
your affectionate friend and servant,

Grosvenor Street, May 22, 1753.
Degrees conferred April 28, 1756:—

Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,-Whereas it has been represented to me that the Reverend Mr. William Johnson took the degree of Master of Arts after seven years residence at Yale College, Newhaven, in the province of Connecticut, as appears by his diploma, and was afterwards admitted ad eundem at Harward College at Cambridge, in New England, and that the said William Johnson has been strongly recommended to the Society for Propagating the Gospel by Dr. Cutler and Dr. Johnson, the two principal missionaries of the said Society; I therefore, to give the greater credit and countenance his mission, make it my request that the degree of Master of Arts be conferred on him by diploma.

I am, &c., ut supra,


Grosvenor Street, Apr. 13, 1756. The diploma mentions that he is the son of Dr. Samuel Johnson, Rector of the College lately founded in New York.

Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,-It having been represented to me that the Reverend Mr. Samuel Fayerweather took the degree of Master of Arts, being then [of] seven years standing, at Harward College at Cambridge in New England, and was afterward admitted ad eundem at Yale College, Newhaven, in the province of Connecticut, as appears by his diplomas; and whereas the said Samuel Fayerweather (formerly a member of the Dissenting Congregation, but some time since a convert to the Church of England, and at present a strenuous supporter of its doctrine and discipline) has been strongly recommended to the Society for Propagating the Gospel by Dr. Cutler and Dr. Johnson, the two principal missionaries of the said Society, in consequence whereof he hath been lately appointed a missionary of the said Society; I therefore, as a testimony that may render his influence more weighty and his mission more successful, desire that the degree of Master of Arts may be conferred on him by diploma. I am, &c., ut supra,



on account of his seceding from the 66 episcopales," "a suis, multimodis contumeliis et injuriis vexatum."

The degree of D.D. was conferred on March 27, 1759, upon William Smith, M.A., of Aberdeen, and Provost of the College at Philadelphia, upon a representation on his behalf signed by the Archbishop of Canterbury and five bishops. As this representation was printed at the time, and has been reprinted in America, and as it is a somewhat lengthy document, it need not be here reproduced. I will only quote that portion of the diploma which refers to Mr. Smith's exertions in stirring up resistance to the French after the defeat of General Braddock, which had brought upon him much odium amongst the Quakers, who maintained the unlawfulness even of this defensive war:—

"Necnon in gravissimo rerum discrimine, popularibus suis auctor atque hortator acerrimus extiterit, ut contra Gallorum impetus iniquissimos, arma pro Rege, pro libertate, et communi omnium salute capesserent, atque adeo, cum suo ipsius damno, virum sese bonum patriæque amantem ostenderit."

Degree conferred December 24, 1760 :—

Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,-I have been moved on the behalf of the Rev. Mr. Henry Barclay, Rector of Trinity Church, in the city of New York, who was sometime a missionary among the Mohock Indians bordering on that province, and by his indefatigable industry and perfect knowledge of their language had more than common success in making converts to Christianity; and as in his present situation he is esteemed as an accomplished divine, and an ornament and support to the Church of England; and as his friends are pleased to think that some mark of the University's favour will add influence and efficacy to his pious labours; I recom mend it to the Convocation to confer the degree of Doctor in Divinity on the said Mr. Henry Barclay by diploma, and, in consideration of his circumstances, without the usual fees. I am,

Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,
Your affectionate friend and servant,

Mereworth Castle, December 14, 1760.

Degrees conferred January 23, 1766 :— informed that Mr. [Henry] Caner, Master of Arts by Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,-Having been diploma, March 8, 1735, ut supra], Minister of the King's Chapel at Boston, Mr. [Samuel] Auchmuty, Master of Arts, Rector of Trinity Church in New York, and Mr. [Thomas Bradbury] Chandler, Master of Arts [of Ch., Ch., M.A. by diploma, May 25, 1753, ut supra], missionary at Elizabeth Town in New Jersey, have been recommended to the University by the two Archbishops, and the Bishops of Durham and Winchester, as very fit persons to be honoured with the degrees of Doctor in Divinity by diploma; and finding that the three clergyferred on them by our University are now dead; I give men in America who had formerly the same degree conmy consent to this their request, and recommend it to you to confer on each of them the said degree of Doctor in Divinity by diploma, not doubting but that this will promote the interest of the Church of England in those parts.

Grosvenor Street, Apr. 13, 1756. And as Mr. [William Samuel] Johnson, Master of The diploma states that Fayerweather had been, Arts (son of the learned and pious Dr. Johnson, to whom

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Prefixed to the work is a list of books printed for Henry Curll, which is very curious. Curll advertises Miscellanea,' in four volumes, consisting of Dryden's letters, Pope's letters, Whartoniana, and two original novels by Mrs. Plantin.

For 12s. 6d. you can obtain a collection, in five volumes, of trials for divorce, impotency, sodomy, rape, and the like.

Bound with the foregoing is "Court Secrets; or the Lady's Chronicle Historical and Gallant: from the year 1671 to 1690. Extracted from the letters of Madam De Sevigne, which have been suppressed at Paris. London Printed in the year 1727. [No

is a lengthy (three pages) list of "Novels Printed for H. Curll in the Strand." Amongst them are the following: "The Reward of Chastity illustrated in the Adventures of Theagenes and Chariclia'; "The entertaining Novels of Mrs. Jane Barker in 2 vols."; 'A Patchwork Screen for the Ladies: or Love and Vertue recommended by Mrs. Barker"; Honour the Victory, and Love the Price,' by Mrs. Hearne; 'The Spanish Polecat: or, the Adventures of Seniora Rusina'; 'Memoirs of the Life of Mrs. Manley'; and other curious works.

CURLLIANA. At the end of last year I pur-publisher's name]." At the end of this little work chased from a London bookseller a production of Carll's press. It is a small work with the following title, "Atterburyana, being Miscellanies of the late Bishop of Rochester, &c., with I. A Collection of Original Letters, &c.-II. The Virgin Seducer, a True History-III. The Bachelor Keeper, or Modern Rake, by Philaretus, London printed in the year 1727 [price 2s. 6d.]." This is evidently a second edition, as another copy (priced at 14s.) appears in the current number of the same bookseller's catalogue. The date of this edition is 1721. A former possessor has written on the fly-leaf of my copy, "This is a very entertaining and moral book, profitable to be read by Old and Young.-I. N." On another fly-leaf is written, by the same hand, "Atterburyana, a Jacobo Rollin." The work is dedicated to Dr. Towne. The opening lines of the dedication are as follows:

"Sir, Wishing you a happy New Year in form; I will without any further Ceremony, request one Favour more of you: to let me place this Fifth Volume of Miscellanies on the same Shelf with the Four preceding ones, it being the Pinbasket of my Collections for the year Seventeen Hundred and Twenty Six [How can we account for the date 1721 on the other copy]. And now my good Friend, as I do, and shall upon all occasions make you my fatherConfessor, I am the first place to account for my TitlePage; which I thus defend: As the most glorious River in Europe derives its Name from two small springs, I, in like manner, have ventured to name this Miscellany from two little, tho' the most polite Performances in it; which to silence all impertinent Cavils, I received from the Authors Son, Mr. Osborn Atterbury, Student of Christ Church, Oxon.," &c.

The dedication is signed "E. Curll," and dated New Year's Day, 1726/7. No name appears on the title-page, but from the list of works I find it was published by H. Curll. Doubtless E. Curll was in durance vile for his transgressions.

The contents form a curious mixture. First there is "Mr. Pope's receipt to make Soup. For the use of Dr. Swift"; then a Latin oration by Dr. Atterbury, followed by a curious collection of letters signed "Pylades" and "Comma"; letters which passed between Capt. H- and a Lady; and poems by Suckling and others. Then come "The Virgin Seducer" and "The Batchelor Keeper," by Philaretus.

Can any correspondent give me any particulars of the compiler of these works, which are curious and interesting for the lengthy list of Curll's E. PARTINGTON. publications?


RAILWAY TICKETS.-It would be of some interest (before the passing away of the elder generation makes it impossible) to obtain records of the early arrangements for booking railway passengers. The first details were doubtless an inheritance from the way-bills which found favour in the coaching times. If my memory does not deceive me, I have a vision of the entry by a clerk of the sum paid by each passenger (perhaps of his name) on the paper slip, given to him and on the counterfoil in the book from which it was torn, the tearing being regulated by a thin sheet of brass. There lies before me a thin piece of pink paper, 4 in. long, and in. wide, thus worded:



No 52 12 Sep 1832 at 2 o'clock from Railway Station Paid 5/6. JH. Agent N.B.-When seated, be pleased to hold this ticket in your hand till called for. (Turn over)

On the other side:

NOTICE.-No gratuity allowed to be taken by any Guard, Porter, or other Servant of the Company.

Smoking in the First Class Carriages is strictly prohibited.

The number of the ticket and signature of agent are in MS.; the day and month are impressed by a separate stamp.

It would, I think, be of service to a future historian of railway progress if some of our older

correspondents would furnish particulars as to the phases through which the railway ticket has passed. Query when the present card tickets were first introduced? J. ELIOT HODGKIN.


STEELE AND THE CHARTERHOUSE.-At p. 322 of the 'Report on the Earl of Dartmouth's Collection,' just published by the Historical MSS. Commission, mention is made of the candidature of Sir Richard Steele for the Mastership of the Charterhouse, vacant by the death of Dr. Thomas Burnet, author of the 'Sacred Theory of the Earth.' As this incident does not seem to be mentioned by most of Steele's biographers, it may be worth while to call attention to a letter from Steele himself on the subject to Mrs. Clayton, dated October 14, 1715, and printed in Mrs. Thomson's Memoirs of Viscountess Sundon,' second edition, vol. i. p. 53. Steele writes:

"I will not proceed in the affair of the Charterhouse, except I have the direct promise of the majority; though had I not been influenced, as I am now, with the most entire resignation to the rule you have given me, I should have taken a pleasure to perplex those who have a great mind to be artful, and of whom Providence has taken so great care, that it will not let them be anything at all, if they are not honest. I sincerely assure you, that I do not seek this station upon any other lien but to do good to others; and if I do not get it, you will see my opposers repent that they would not let me be humble; for I shall then think myself obliged to show them what place among mankind I am really in, and how useful I can be to the family to whose service I have devoted my

life and fortune."



ABBOTT FAMILY: ARMORIAL.-The following coat (unrecorded in any heraldic work) may be useful to your heraldic readers to add to their armories. It is also interesting as being the only example of such a bearing (that I am acquainted with), except the Penner and inkhorn brass. Gales (?), a chevron between three inkhorns (?) or, impaled on the brass of Sir Walter Mauntell, Knt., in Nether Heyford Church, Northamptonshire, for Elizabeth his wife, one of the daughters and heirs of John Abbot, Esq., 1487. In 15 Henry VI. (1436) there is a grant recorded of the manors of Overcourt and Nethercourt, in Daventry and Heyford, Northamptonshire, from John Abbot, Esq., to Walt Mauntell. It has long been a doubt in my mind whether the pears worn by the Suffolk Abbots and Archbishop Abbot are not corruptions of the ancient inkhorns.

L'Abbe." He was a married man, and left issue in 1207. This is an instance of how the title became perpetuated as a surname. See my tract on J. T. ABBOTT (retired F.S.A.Scot.). Chelsworth House, Darlington.

'Ecclesiastical Surnames.'

THREE SOVEREIGNS IN ONE YEAR.-It has been our privilege, with the whole civilized world, to watch with admiring sympathy the combination of heroism, fortitude, and sublime patience manifested so simply and unostentatiously by the short and suffering reign of the Emperor Frederick II. Perhaps the rare fact of three sovereigns occupying the same throne in succession in one year may deserve a record in 'N. & Q.' If we except the five days' royalty of the baby king" Jean premier," which intervened betwen the reigns of Louis X. and Philippe V., and the nominal reign of two months of the young Prince Edward V., which intervened between Edward IV. and Richard III., we must, I think, go back more than 800 years for a like occurrence. In the terrible year 1066, when two great battles were fought on English soil, three kings-all, strangely enough, not only of different families but almost of different races, for Harold II. was at least half a Daneoccupied the throne in succession. The Confessor died on January 5, and was buried the next daythe Feast of the Epiphany-at his new Abbey of Westminster, only "hallowed on Childermas-day Dec. 28." Immediately after the funeral of King Edward, Harold was crowned at Westminster; his short reign terminated on October 14, the date of the battle of Hastings, or Senlac. William of the same prelate who had crowned his rival on Normandy was crowned in the same abbey and by Christmas Day in the same year.

St. Saviour's, Southwark,


ORDER AGAINST GAMES.-The following is from our forthcoming edition of Vicary's 'Anatomie':1554. Order against May Games, Stage Plays, &c., in London Streets.*

(Journal 16, leaf 287, back, between 19 April and 22 May, 1 Mary, A.D. 1554.)

My lorde Mayre, and his brethern the Aldermen of this our moste drade and most benygne Bouerayn Ladie the Quenes Citie and Chambret of London, on her hignes behalf, do straightlye charge and commande, that no maner of person or persones do in any wyse from hensfurthe make, prepare, or set furthe, or cause to be made or set furthe, eny maner of mayegames or moryce dawnce, or eny enterludes or Stage playes, or sett vpp

*This Order implies, what we know is the fact, that

Another interesting and unrecorded (heraldic-eny maner of maye pole, or bucler playeng, in any opyn streat or place, or sounde eny drume for the gatheringe ally) Abbot coat is from the Abbaye de Gauffern, of eny people within the said Citie or the lib[er]ties in Normandy, where we have a charter with the seal of "Ralph the Abbot"-viz., a knight in armour, bearing a shield on his left arm, with two croziers in pale and a sword in his right hand, surrounded by the legend "Sigillum: Radulfi

these Games and Plays had gone on in the streets or open places. Vicary must have seen some such. †The Chamberlain's office or Treasury says Dr. Sharpe: the City of London was called the King's chamber.

therof/ And also, yf any suche maye pole be alredie
latelie set vpp in any open place within the Citie or
lib[er]ties therof, that then the parisheners of the
parishe where eny and euerye suche maye pole ys set
vpp, shall cause the same, withe convenient speade, to be
taken downe agayne/ & no longre suffre them theare to
stande, not only vppon payne of ymprisonement/ but also
vpon suche further payne as the said lorde Mayor &
Aldremen shall thinke meate and convenient/
God save the quene!
1557. The xxx day of May was a goly [goodly or
jolly] Maygam in Fanch-chyrche strett, with drumes
and gunes and pykes; and ix wordes [The Nine Worthies]
dyd ryd; and they had speches, evere man; and the
morris dansse, and the sauden [Sultan], and a elevant
with the castyll; and the sauden and yonge morens
[Moors] with targattes and darttes; and the Lord and
the Lade of the Maye.'-Machyn's Diary, 1550-63,
p. 137, ed. 1848.

There are many Acts of Common Council against
interludes, plays, &c.


MISS FOOTE, THE FAMOUS ACTRESS. The following has been a piece of club history for the last forty or fifty years, and distinguished men now living could be mentioned who love to tell it still. Miss Foote, the celebrated actress, had become the wife of Lord Harrington. Queen Adelaide having objected to this lady attending her Court, Lord Harrington waited upon the Premier, and very clearly conveyed his intention of opposing the Reform Bill if such invidious exclusion should be extended to his wife. The threat

Louise, Victoria, and Maud. It may be remembered that Sydney Smith invented a new name, Saba, for his daughter (Memoirs,' vol. i. p. 22). I once invented a name, Mareli, which was intended as an amalgam of the names Mary Elizabeth. I did this for the purposes of a little story, in which the father of the baby girl has asked two wealthy maiden aunts to be the two godmothers; and he proposes to call the baby Mary Elizabeth, after the respective Christian names of the two aunts. Miss Mary Ricketts consents to this, and promises to give her godchild a handsome present. Miss Elizabeth Meagrim will do the same, provided that the baby is named Elizabeth Mary instead of Mary Elizabeth. Miss Ricketts will not yield; and at last the father finds a way out of the difficulty by inventing the amalgam Mareli, with which combination the two aunts are satisfied. This little tale was published in a six-shilling volume, 'The Curate of Cranston, with other Prose and Verse,' by Cuthbert Bede (Saunders, Otley & Co., 1862). In the obituary of the Times, April 2, 1870, appeared the following;—

"On the 30th ult. at Eastbourne Priory, near Midhurst, Mary Elizabeth (Mareli), third daughter of Francis and Martha Tallant, in her ninth year.' I conclude that the parents had read my story, and called their child Mareli as a pet name.


THE VERIFICATION OF QUOTATIONS.-Among told, and the Bill received Lord Harrington's sup- the many hackneyed quotations in use in political port. For half a century this story has obtained currency. Just as a counterfeit should be nailed when matters is the well-known saying of Gustavus detected, it may be well to say that, inquiry having the little wisdom with which the world is Adolphus's great Chancellor Oxenstjerna as to been made in the House of Lords, there is no evidence that Lord Harrington was present at any it as follows: "Nescis, mi fili, quam parvâ governed." Coleridge, in his 'Table Talk,' quotes stage of the Reform Bill, viz., second reading, sapientiâ regitur mundus." Struck by the bad April 13, 1832; committee, May 7, 21, 22, 23, 24, Latinity of this, I had recourse to Chambers's and 30; report, June 1; third reading, June 4. The Cyclopædia,' and there I found it, "Nescis, mi Lords' Journals contain lists of the peers present fili, quantillâ prudentiâ homines regantur." Still on each day that the House sits; and, so far as I can discover, Lord Harrington did not come to the unsatisfied, I consulted a distinguished friend, who House at all. Lady Ashley, who was lady-in-wait- turned to a little German book of quotations, ing to Queen Adelaide and wife of the Vice-Chamber-Geflügelte Worte,' and there it ran, Quantula lain, denies that the countess in question was ever wards he lighted on a Latin essay of his own, when sapientiâ regatur orbis." But a day or two afterpresented at Court. "Lord Harrington invariably voted with the Tories," says Lord Sydney, to whom an undergraduate at Balliol College, Oxford, and the question was referred. This inquiry is one of tulâ sapientiâ res orbis terrarum administrentur," found yet another version, "I puer, nescis quanmany which the editing of O'Connell's correspond- and this reading was endorsed as correct by his ence-soon, I hope, to appear-rendered necessary. tutor, an accomplished scholar, now a dignitary of the Church. I applied to one of the masters at Eton, an undoubted authority, and he gave me quite another rendering; and again another was at hand, in which the variation was "gubernetur mundus." Six various readings lay before me, each one backed by an extremely respectable authority. I determined to hunt it to its source, and this 'Geflügelte Worte' informed me was Lundblad's 'Svensk Plutarch.' I searched the Bodleian. The book was not there. Then the

Garrick Club.


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LOUVIMA, A NEW CHRISTIAN NAME.-It is stated in the newspapers-but it may not be correct; for, as Theodore Hook said to the credulous old lady, "Those rascally newspapers will say anything that Sir Francis Knollys, private secretary to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, has named his firstborn Louvima, which is an ingenious amalgam of the names of the three daughters of the Prince

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