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THE Vanity of Expence in People of Wealth and Qua
lity. The abuse of the word Taste, ver. 13. That the first principle and foundation in this, as in every thing else, is Good Sense, ver. 40. The chief proof of it is to follow Nature, even in works of mere Luxury and Elegance. Instanced in Architecture and Gardening, where all must be adapted to the Genius and Use of the Place, and the Beauties not forced into it, but resulting from it, ver. 50. How men are disappointed in their most expensive undertakings, for want of this true Foundation, without which nothing can please long, if at all; and the best Examples and Rules will but be perverted into something burdensome or ridiculous, ver. 65, etc. to 92. A de
fcription of the false Taste of Magnificence; the first grand error of which is to imagine that Greatness confifts in the size and Dimension, instead of the Proportion and Harmony of the whole, ver. 97, and the second, either in joining together Parts incoherent, or too minutely resembling, or in the Repetition of the fame too frequently, ver. 105, etc. A word or two of false Tape in Books, in Music, in Painting, even in Preaching and Prayer, and lastly in Entertainments, ver. 133, etc. Yet PROVIDENCE is justified in giving Wealth to be sqvandered in this manner, since it is dispersed to the poor and Laborious part of mankind, ver. 169. [recurring to what is laid down in the first Book, Ep. ii. and in the Epistle preeeding this, ver. 159, etc.) What the proper Objects of Magnificence, and a proper field for the Expence of Great Men, ver. 177, etc. and finally the Great and Public Works which become a Prince, ver. 191, to the end.
E PIS T L E III.
'IS ftrange, the Miser should his Cares employ
To gain those ricl:es he can ne'er enjoy: Is it less strange, the prodigal should waste His wealth, to purchase what he ne'er càn tafte ? Not for himself he sees, or hears, or cats ; 5 Artists must chuse his Pictures, Music, Meats ; 'He buys for Topham, Drawings and Designs, For Pembroke Statues, dirty Gods, and Coins ;
EPISTLE IV.] The extremes of Avarice and Profufion being treated of in the foregoing Epittle ; this takes up one particular branch of the latter, the Vanity of Expence in people of wealth and quality ; and is therefore a corollary to the preceding, just as the epistle on the Characters of Women is to thàt of the Knowledge and Characters of Men. It is equally remarkable for exactness of method with the reft. But the nature of the subject, which is less philosophical, makes it capable of being analyzed in a much
nare rower compass.
VER. 7. Topbam,] A Gentleman famous for a judicious collection of Drawings.
Ver. 8. For Pembroke Statues, dirty Gods, and Coins ; ] The author speaks here not as a Philosopher or Divine, but as a Connoisseur and Antiquary ; consequently the dirty attribute here assigned these Gods of old renown, is not in dirparagement of their worth, but in high commendation of their genuine pretensions,