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METHODS OF GOVERNMENT AND DEVELOPMENT ADOPTED BY THE PRINCIPAL COLONIZING NATIONS IN THEIR CONTROL OF TROPICAL AND

OTHER COLONIES AND DEPENDENCIES.

WITH STATISTICAL STATEMENTS OF THE AREA, POPULATION, COMMERCE,

REVENUE, ETC., OF EACH OF THE WORLD'S COLONIES.

INCLUDING BIBLIOGRAPHY OF COLONIES AND COLONIZATION PREPARED

BY THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

[FROM THE SUMMARY OF COMMERCE AND FINANCE FOR OCTOBER, 1901.]

O. P. AUSTIN,

Chief of Bureau.

WASHINGTON:

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1901.

CONTENTS.

COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION.

Page.

COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION, 1800-1900

1199

Six great questions regarding the methods of governing and developing tropical colonies and their people......

1217

1. What share of the government of the successfully managed colony originates at the seat of the home Government? 1218

2. What share of the administration within the colony is conducted by representatives of the home Government?

1237

3. What steps are taken to improve the material, mental, and moral condition of the people of the colony?.....

1278

4. How are habits of industry and thrift inculcated among the natives? .....

1340

5. How are the necessary funds for the conduct of the colonial government raised?

1356

6. Commercial and tariff relation between the colonies and their governing countries

1390

Area and population of world's colonies ....

1199

Review of the colonizing experiences of the century.

1201

Share of government conducted in the mother country

1218

Administration at the seat of the home government

1219

British Crown colony system described by Earl Grey..

1232

Government in the colony and the share intrusted to the natives.

1237

Defenses of the colonies

1262

Elective franchise in the colonies..

1264

The civil service in the colonies.

1264

Development of the material, mental, and moral condition of the natives

1278

Construction of roads and railways ...

1278

Telegraphs and telephones in the colonies

1283

Postal facilities in the colonies ...

1284

Methods of intercommunication.

1285

Irrigation in the tropical colonies

1290

How the cost of development is borne

1292

Systematic study of productive powers

1297

Diversification of industries in tropical colonies

1299

Money and banking in the colonies ..

1305

Currency and banking systems of the colonies described

1308

Regulations of banking system in the British colonies..

1314

Emigration of capital to the colonies....

1315

Use of chartered companies in modern colonial development..

1316

Laws and law-making in the colonies...

.1319

Laws of the world's colonies described..

1320

Education in the colonies.....

1324

Educational systems of the world's colonies described

1326

Religion in the world's colonies ...

1329

Economics of colonization: How studied in the colonizing countries

1330

Colonial indebtedness: How created and how met..

1332

Land ownership in the colonies.....

1334

Language in the colonies....

1337

How industry is encouraged.....

1340

Contract labor experiments in tropical colonies

1342

✓ Labor in Porto Rico and the Philippine Islands

1345

Revenue raising in the world's colonies: Methods described...

1356

Tariff relations of the world's colonies to the mother country

1390

Colonial supply of tropical products for the mother country.

1390

Tropical importations of the temperate zone

1390

Colonies a constant market for manufactures..

1401

Tariffs adjusted to facilitate exchange between colonies and the mother country...

1402

Summarization of the results of the study of colonial methods....

1407

Discussions by distinguished writers and students

1409

Description of each of the world's colonies: Population, area, commerce, revenue, etc..

1464

Statistics of the world's colonies.....

1495

Bibliography of colonies and colonization (prepared by Library of Congress)

1567

Maps.-Colonial system of the world......

.facing 1199
Geographical divisions of the world, 1800–1900.

.facing 1201

(For index to Colonial Administration, see pp. 1627–1631.)

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