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BEFORE THE

HEARINGS

ct
H.S. Lenners. H.
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

JANUARY 16, 18, 19, 20, 23, 26, AND 27, 1912

ON

H. R. 6746

BY MR. SMITH OF NEW YORK: A BILL TO GIVE EFFECT TO THE
FIFTH ARTICLE OF THE TREATY BETWEEN THE UNITED

STATES AND CANADA, SIGNED JANUARY 11, 1909

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BY MR. SIMMONS : A BILL TO GIVE EFFECT TO THE FIFTH ARTICLE
OF THE TREATY BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND

GREAT BRITAIN, SIGNED JANUARY 11, 1909

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
Committee room, gallery floor, west corridor. Telephone 230. Meets on call.)

WILLIAM SULZER., New York, Chairman.
HENRY D. FLOOD, Virginia.

CHARLES M. STEDMAN, North Carolina.
JOHN N. GARNER, Texas.

EDWARD W. TOWNSEND, New Jersey.
GEORGE S. LEGARE, South Carolina.

BYRON P. HARRISON, Mississippi.
WILLIAM G. SHARP, Ohio.

DAVID J. FOSTER, Vermont.
CYRUS CLINE, Indiana.

WILLIAM B. McKINLEY, Illinois.
JEFFERSON M. LEVY, New York.

HENRY A. COOPER, Wisconsin.
JAMES M. CURLEY, Massachusetts.

IRA W. WOOD, New Jersey.
J. CHAS. LINTHICUM, Maryland.

RICHARD BARTHOLDT, Missouri.
ROBERT E. DIFENDERFER, Pennsylvania.

GEORGE W. FAIRCHILD, New York.
W. S. GOODWIN, Arkansas.

N. E. KENDALL, Iowa.
FRANK S. CISNA, Clerk.

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

1912

CONTENTS.

Page.

Statement of Representative James S. Simmons.

1-8

House bill No. 7694, Sixty-second Congress

8

House bill No. 6746, Sixty-second Congress.

Statement of Representative Charles B. Smith.

8, 298–305

The Burton law..

10

House joint resolution extending operation of the Burton law.

11

Treaty between the United States and Great Britain.

11-17

Protocol of exchange...

17

Statement of

Representative Daniel E. Driscoll.

17-18

Representative Frank E. Doremus.

19

Mr. George P. Sawyer.

20-27

Gen. Wm. H. Bixby, Chief of Engineers, United States Army.

27-40

Mr. Richard B. Watrous.

36, 169–179, 292–294, 324, 328

Mr. Edward A. Wickes.

38

Rome G. Brown..

41-78, 294–297

Rules of law as to Federal control.

43

Rules of law as to State control and as to vested property rights of ripa-

rian owners..

44

Engineer's report on navigable capacity of river and lake.

56

Permits for diversion.

58

Summary of reports published in Senate Document 105 and in House

Document 246, Sixty-second Congress.

67-75

Memorandum on Senate joint resolution 143.

76–77

Senate joint resolution 143..

77

Gen. Francis V. Greene:

Oral statement of....

78–96, 202–204, 325–328

Written statement of..

96–104

Supplementary statement of.

321-324

Statement of-

Edward T. Williams.

104–105

Mr. Morris Cohn..

106-110, 294, 320

Vr. A. C. Morrison..

110-113

Mr. Millard F. Bowen.

113-129

Brief, for Erie and Ontario Sanitary Canal Co..

128

Mr. Oscar E. Fleming..

129-134
Maj. W. B. Ladue..

134-135, 150, 190-204, 308, 311

Written statement of Mr. Isham Randolph.

118-120

Contract form with municipalities..

121-123

Changes in Smith bill suggested by Mr. Bowen..

123

Petition in behalf of Erie and Ontario Sanitary Canal Co.

124-125

Act granting Keokuk and Hamilton Water Power Co. right to construct dam

across Mississippi River...

125-127

Proposed bill giving effect to treaty of Jan. 11, 1909.

127,323

Statement of

Mr. George F. Monahan

136-143

Mr. J. Boardman Scovell.

143-167

Letter of Gov. John A. Dix, of New York.

157

Statement of -

Mr. Albert F. Eells.....

167-169

Mr. J. Winthrop Spencer

179-189

Paper on “Evolution of the Falls of Niagara,” by J. W. Spencer.

185

Letter of Referendum League of Erie County.

187

Opinion by Secretary of War Taft..

191-198

Act of June 29, 1906, for the control and regulation of the waters of Niagara

River, etc...

198

Permit to Niagara Falls Electrical Transmission Co. and other companies.. 202

Senate Document No. 242, 59th Congress.

205-229

Page.

Report of the American members of the International Waterways Commission,

with letters from the Secretary of State and the Secretary of War, including

memoranda regarding the preservation of Niagara Falls.

205–213

Reports upon the existing water-power situation at Niagara Falls, so far as
concerns the diversion of water on the American side....

213

Report by Capt. Charles W. Kutz, Corps of Engineers..

215

The Niagara Falls Power Co..

216

The Niagara Falls Hydraulic Power and Manufacturing Co..

217

Industries using water for water purposes derived from Erie Canal at or

near Lockport, N. Y., and at Medina, N. Y....

218

Reports concerning the Canadian power companies and their associated trans-

mission companies.

220

Report by (apt. Charles W. Kutz, Corps of Engineers.

222-229

The Ontario Power Co.

222

The Electrical Development Co.

224

The Canadian Niagara Power Co.

225

International Railway Co...

226

Statement of -

Hon. Thomas ('armody, attorney general, State of New York

230-243

Mr. Clark H. Hammond.

243-256

Mr. Edward Haggeman Hall.

256

Mr. J. Horace McFarland..

256–264, 279-280

Dr. Allen D. McLaughlin.

264–271

Extracts from Bulletin No. 77, Hygienic Laboratory.

264

Paper by Health Officer Robert Talbott, of Niagara Falls.

270

Mr. Philip B. Barton...

272–288, 297

Telegram-Lyman Abbott to Chairman.

288

Statement of Prof. James Henry Harper..

288-291

Table showing geographical distribution of typhoid fever in the State of New

York...

291

Letter of

Frank C. Ferguson.

298

Charles M. Heald..

George B. Burd..

300

Petition of citizens of Niagara Falls, N. Y

300

Statement of Judge Daniel J. Fennewick.

305-311

Table and statement-estimated diversions, December, 1911.

312

Statement of effect on Lake Erie commerce.

312

Statement as to use of water diverted from Erie Canal by the Hydraulic

Race Co...

313

Letter of Hydraulic Race Co...

313-314

Permit to-

Lockport Hydraulic Co....

314-315

Niagara Falls Hydraulic Power and Manufacturing Co...

315-316

Niagara Falls Power Co..

317-318

Permit for the transmission of electrical power from Canada into the United

States...

319-320

Permit to Niagara, Lockport & Ontario Power Co.

319-320

Statement of

Mr. George H. Blackstock.

329-330

Mr. Millard F. Bowen..

331

Closing summary by Rome G. Brown in behalf of the Niagara Falls Power Co.

and Canadian Niagara Co....

331-344

The situation of the Niagara Falls Power Co.

332

Situation of the Canadian Niagara Power Co..

333

The equitable position of both the American and Canadian power companies 334

The question of rates..

336

As to rates for power produced on the American side.

336

First charge for demand

337

Second charge for energy.

337

Demand rate...

337

Rates for power produced on the Canadian side.

339

Scenic beauty plus industrial grandeur..

339

The campaign of scare.

343

Resolutions of the Board of Trade of Niagara Falls..

344

Letter of J. S. Kennedy, secretary public service commission, second district,

New York.

345
Page.

Letter of W. J. Meyers, statistician, public service commission, second district,

New York.

345

Argument of Hon. Francis Lynde Stetson before the Secretary of War.

346

Some misstatements by Mr. McFarland...

346

Letter of the Queen Victoria Niagara Falls park commissioners.

347

The comparative cost of Niagara power...

352

The marvelous achievement of the Niagara Falls Power Co.

353

H. G. Wells on the Niagara Falls Power Co.

353

The testimony of the Rev. J. N. Hallock. D. D.

354

The Niagara Falls Power Co. not a vandal..

355

Letter of New York State engineer and surveyor.

359

Prior and preferential right of Canadian Niagara Co..

362

The Ontario Co.'s position.....

363

Power deliveries by our two companies...

364

The claims of the two transmission companies..

365

The claim of the Electrical Development Co...

365

Concerning international treaty...

365

Conclusion....

367

Appendix A. The priority of the Canadian Niagara Co.

368

Appendix B. Letter of the president the American Civic Association

and reply of Mr. Stetson...

369-370

Appendix C. Letter of Mr. Stetson to Capt. Barden, Corps of Engineers.. 370

The preservation of Niagara Falls..

372

Letter of C. T. Williams to Scientific American.

373

Letter of Secretary of War Stimson.

373

What the American Civic Association is and does.

373

Decision of the Circuit Court, United States, within and for the district of Colo-

rado, The Cascade Town Co. and Leander A. Bigger, complainants, v. The

Empire Water & Power Co...

374-380

Telegram of the Merchants' Association of New York.

380

Letter of J. L. Hudson to Mr. Richard B. Watrous..

380

Erie & Ontario Sanitary Canal Co., proposed bill for Congress.

381

Resolutions of the Trades and Labor Council of Niagara Falls, N. Y.

382

Letter of-

The Toronto Power Co. to the Secretary of War and indorsements.. 382-383

The Erie & Ontario Sanitary Canal Co. to Secretary of War..

383

John W. Williams to Chairman Sulzer....

384, 386

Millard F. Bowen...

384

James King Duffy.

384

Clifford B. Harmon...

385

New York Conservation Commission..

385

Senator T. E. Burton....

385

Chamber of Commerce and Manufacturers' Club.

385

Telegram of-

New York State Conservation Commission...

386

Reply of chairman..

386

Chairman Sulzer to-

Gov. Dix.....

387

Governor's secretary

387

Public-service commission, second district, New York.

387

Letter of-

J. Horace McFarland...

387

Attorney General Thomas Carmody.

388

Message of President Taft..

388

Letter of Secretary of War to President.

388

Memorandum concerning the restrictions on the use of Niagara power, Gen.

Francis V. Greene.

389-391

Exhibit A-

The Burton law..

392

Joint resolution (Public, House joint resolution 262), approved March
3, 1909...

393

Exhibit B-

Treaty between the United States and Great Britain-Boundary

waters between the United States and Canada.

393

Protocol of exchange

398

House bill 7694, Sixty-second Congress, introduced by Mr. Simmons.

399

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