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a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so [is] Pha7 raoh king of Egypt to all that trust in him. But if thou say to me, We trust in the LORD our God: (is it] not he whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and said to

Judah and to Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar? 8 Now therefore give pledges, I pray thee, to my master the king

of Assyria, and I will give thee two thousand horses, if thou be 9 able on thy part to set riders upon them. How then wilt thou

turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master's

servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horse10 men ? And am I now come up without the LORD against this · land to destroy it? the Lord said unto me, Go up against this 11 land, and destroy it. Then said Eliakim and Shebna and Joah

unto Rabshakel, Speak, I pray thee, unto thy servants in the Syrian language ; for we understand (it :) and speak not to us

in the Jews' language, in the ears of the people that are on the 12 wall. But Rabshakh said, Hath my master sent me to thy mas

ter and to thee to speak these words ? (bath he] not [sent me]

to the men that sit upon the wall, that they may eat their own 13 dung, and drink their own piss with you? Then Rabshakeh stood

and cried with a loud voice in the Jews' language, and said, Hear 14 ye the words of the great king, the king of Assyria. Thus saith

the king, Let not Hezekiah deceive you : for he shall not be able 15 to deliver you. Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the

LORD, saying, The Lord will surely deliver us : this city shall 16 not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria. Hearken

not to Hezekiah : for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make (an agreement) with me (by) a present, and come out to me: and

eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig tree, and 17 drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern; Until I come

and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn 18 and wine, a land of bread and vineyards. [Beware) lest Heze

kiah persuade you, saying, The Lord will deliver us. Hath any

of the gods of the nations delivered his land out of the hand of 19 the king of Assyria ? Where [are] the gods of Hamath and

Arphad? where (are] the gods of Sepharvaim ? and have they 20 delivered Samaria out of my hand ? Who Care they] among all

the gods of these lands, that have delivered their land out of my

hand, that the Lord should deliver Jerusalem out of my hand? 21 But they held their peace, and answered him not a word : for 22 the king's commandment was, saying, Answer him not. Then

came Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah, that (was) over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, the son of Asaph, the

recorder, to Hezekiah with (their) clothes rent, and told him the • words of Rabshakeh. 1 CHAP. XXXVII. And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah

heard [it,] that he rent bis clothes, and covered himself with 2 sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD.And he sent

Eliakim, who [was) over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests covered with sackcloth, unto Isaiah

3 the prophet the son of Amoz. And they said unto him, Thus

saith Hezekiah, This day [is] a day of trouble, and of rebuke,

and of blasphemy : for the children are come to the birth, and 4 (there is) not strength to bring forth. It may be the LORD thy

God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God, and will

reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath hcard: where, 5 fore lift up (thy) prayer for the remnant that is left. So the 6 servants of king Hezekiah came to Isaiah. And Isaiah said

unto them, Thus shall ye say unto your master, Thus saith the LORD, Be not afraid of the words that thou hast heard, where

with the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me. 7 Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumor,

and return to his own land ; and I will cause him to fall by the

sword in his own land. 8 So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria war

ring against Libnah: for he had heard that he was departed 9 from Lachish. And he heard say concerning Tirhakah king of * Ethiopia, He is come forth to make war with thee. And when 10 he heard [it,] he sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying, Thus

shall ye speak to Hezekiah king of Judah, saying, Let not thy God, in whom thou trustest, deceive thee, saying, Jerusalem shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria. Behold,

thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands 12 by destroying them utterly'; and shalt thou be deliverca ? Have

the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have " destroyed, [as] Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children 13 of Eden which [were] in Telassar? Where [is] the king of

Hamath, and the king of Arphad, and the king of the city of 14 Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah? And Hezekiah received the let.

ter from the hand of the messengers, and read it : and Heze

kiah went up unto the house of the LORD, and spread it before 15 16 the LORD. And Hezekiah prayed unto the LORD, saying, O

LORD of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest (between] the cheru

bims, thou (art) the God, [even) thou alone, of all the kingdoms 17 of the earth : thou hast made heaven and earth. Incline thine

ear, O LORD, and hcar; open thine eyes, O LORD, and see : and

hear all the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent to reproach 18 the living God. Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have 19 laid waste all the nations, and their countries, And have cast

their gods into the fire : for they [ were no gods, but the work

of men's hands, wood and stone : therefore they have destroyed 20 them. Now therefore, O Lord our God, save us from his hand,

that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou (art) the

Lord, [even) thou only 21 Then Isaiah the son of. Amoz sent unto Hezekiah, saying,

Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, Whereas thou hast prayed 22 to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria : This (is) the word

which the Lord hath spoken concerning him ; The virgin, the daughter of Zion, hath despised thee, [and] laughed thee to

scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thçe. 23 Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed ; and against

whom hast thou exalted [thy] voice, and lifted up thine eyes on 24 high? (even) against the Holy One of Israel. By thy servants

hast thou reproached the LORD, and hast said, By the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon ; and I will cut down the tall cedars there

of, sand] the choice for trees thereof: and I will enter into the 25 height of his border, [and] the forest of his Carmel, I have

digged, and drunk water; and with the sole of my feet have I 26 dried up all the rivers of the besieged places. Hast thou not

heard long ago, [how) I have done it ; [and] of ancient times, that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou

shouldst be to lay waste defenced cities [into] ruinous heaps. 27 Therefore their inhabitants (were] of small power, they were

dismayed and confounded : they were (as) the grass of the field,

and [as] the green herb, [as] the grass on the house tops, and 28 [as corn) blasted before it be grown up. But I know thy abode,

and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy rage against me. 29 Because thy rage against me, and thy tumult, is come up into

mine ears, therefore will I put my hook in thy nose, and my

bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which 30 thou camest, And this (shall be) a sign unto thee, Ye shall eat

[this] year such as groweth of itself; and the second year that

which springeth of the same : and in the third year sow ye, and 31 reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruit thereof. And the

remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall again take 32 root downward, and bear fruit upward : For out of Jerusalem

shall go forth a remnant, and they that escape out of mount 33 Zion : the zeal of the Lord of hosts shall do this. Therefore

thus saith the LORD concerning the king of Assyria, He shall

not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come be34 fore it with shields, nor cast a bank against it. By the way that

he came, by the same shall he return, and shall not come into, 35 this city, saith the Lord. For I will defend this city to save it,

for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake, 36 Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the

camp of the Assyrians a hundred and four score apd five thou

sand : and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they 57 [were] all dead corpses. So Sennacherib king of Assyria de. 38 parted, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh. And it

came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch bis, god, thai Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote bim with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia : and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.


The first part of this chapter gives an account of Hezekiah's danger. ous sickness and miraculous recovery ; the lalter part is a tender and beautiful song of thanksgiving, in which this pious king breathed out the sentiments of a grateful heart when his life was as it were restored.

I IN those days was Hezekiah sick unto death, that is, of some

1 distemper, which in the common course of nature would prove mortal.* And Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came unto

him, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Set thine house 2 in order : for thou shalt die, and not live. Then Hezekiali

turned his face toward the wall, and prayed unto the LORD, 3 And said, Remember, now, O LORD, I beseech thee, how I

have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done (that which is) good in thy sight. And Hezekiah

wept sore, from the apprehension that he shuuld leave his kingdom 4 in distress, and without an heir. Then came the word of the 5 LORD to Isaiah, saying, Go and say to Hezekiah, Thus saith the

Lord, the God of David thy father, whose family seemed to be in

danger of extinction, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy 6 tears : behold, I will add unto thy days fifteen years. And I

will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of 7 Assyria : and I will defend this city. And this (shall be] a

sign unto thee from the LORD, that the LORD will do this thing 8 that he hath spoken ; Behold, I will bring again the shadow of

the degrees, which is gone down in the sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward.t So the sun returned ten degrees, by which

degrees it was gone down. 9 The writing of Hezekiah king of Judah, when he had been

sick, and was recovered of his sickness ; or, a song of thanksgiv10 ing for his deliverance : I said in the cutting off of my days, I shall

go to the gates of the grave : I am deprived of the residue of

my years; being but about thirty nine years old, I might naturally il expect a longer life. I said, I shall not see the LORD, [even]

the LORD, in the land of the living, in his house and ordinances ; that is, no more join in or support his worship : I shall behold man no more with the inhabitants of the world ; I shall see my subjects and friends no more ; I shall have no more opportunities

of doing good to the public or myself ; a sentiment full of niety and 12 benevolence. Mine age is departed, and is removed from me as

a shepherd's tent ; a weak, frail building, that is easily taken down or removed from place to place : I have cut off like a weaver my life ; have given up all my schemes and prospects : he will cut me off with pining sickness : from day (even) to night wil:

* This sickness happened in the space between Sennacherib's invasion and the destruction of his army.

+ Probably an inflection of the rays of the sug, which continued for some time. Vol. V.


thou make an end of me; I thought this would be the case every 13 morning and evening. I reckoned till morning, (that,] as a lion,

so will he break all my bones : from day (even) to night wilt thou make an end of me; I thought the violence of my pain

would destroy me before morning, like a lion breaking my bones. 14 Like a crane (or) a swallow, so did I chatter : I did mourn as a

dove ; my voice was weak and broken, so that I could only sigh and bemoan myself : mine eyes fail (with looking) upward ; or rather, mine eyes are so weak that I cannot look up: O Lord, I am oppressed ; undertake for me; I am sinking under this heavy

affliction ; O Lord, appear for me, before death seizes upon me. 15 What shall I say ? an expression of God's great goodness,

and of his own thankfulness ; how shall I find words 10 express my gratitude ? he hath both spoken unto me, and himself hath done [it :] he promised health, and it immediately came : I shall go softly all my years in the bitterness of my soul; I shall all my daus remember the bitterness of my

soul ; or it may refer to walking humbly and circumspectly be16 fore God after it. O Lord, by these things,] thy power and

goodness, (men) live, and I in particular, and in all these things

is] the life of my spirit : so wilt thou recover me, and make 17 me to live ; by thee I shall still be supported, Behold, for peace

I had great bitterness : but thou hast in love to my soul (delivered it] from the pit of corruption : for thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back ; thou hast forgiven my sing which brought

this dislemper upon me, and hast shown thy favour to me by thus 18 recovering me. For the grave cannot praise thee, cheath can

(not) celebrate thee : they that go down into the pit cannot hope for thy truth ; they cannot glorify thee on earth and serve man

kind, or expect to see thy promises to thy church and people fulfilled. 19 The living, the living, he shall praise thee, as I [do] this day :

the father to the children shall make known thy truth ; they that have been recovered shall praise thee themselves, and relate

thy goodness to their children, to encourage them to trust in thee. 20 The LORD (was ready] to save me : therefore we will sing my

songs to the stringed instruments all the days of our life in the house of the LORD ; not only this song, but other devout composi

tions ; not merely in one visit paid to the sanctuary, but as long as 21 my recovered life shall continue. For Isaiah had said, Let them

take a lump of figs, and lay (it) for a plaister upon the boil, 22 and he shall recover." Hezekiah also had said, What [is] the • sign, that I shall go up to the house of the LORD ? that was the

first place he designed to visit, and therefore he put the question with particular reference to it.

• Perhaps these might have a natural virtue to ripen the imposthumc, but could not heat it so soon without extraordinary interposition.

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