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keit der darin enthaltenen bibliographischen Bemerkungen einen selbstständigen Werth. Der glückliche Besitzer aber ist in hingebendster Weise bestrebt, seine Schätze der gelehrten Welt zugänglich zu machen. Seine Neuausgaben der seltensten Bücher sind wahre Pracht- und Meisterwerke ihrer Art und gereichen nächst dem Herausgeber auch dem Verleger (B. G. Teubner) und dem Drucker (W. Drugulin in Leipzig) zur höchsten Ehre. Es sind diess facsimilierte Nachdrucke, so diplomatisch getren ausgeführt, wie es ohne Zuhülfenahme der Photographie, mit beweglichen, zum Theile nachgeschnittenen Typen und Ornamenten möglich war. Seite für Seite und Zeile für Zeile abzudrucken, empfiehlt sich ans doppeltem Grunde: es erleichtert Satz und Correctar und bietet eine bequeme Unterlage zum Citieren. Diese Rücksichten sollten schwerer wiegen als jene anf Gleichheit der Ausstattung."
Literarisches Centralblatt. 1879. No. 35.
Em 1858 partia para o Rio de Janeiro n'um navio de vela de Hamburgo um joven naturalista, em condições espiciaes para estudar, com a major vantagem, osthesouros naturaes d'aquelle immenso imperio. O seu talento de pintor revelou-se então n'uma serie de aguarellas deliciosas, notabilissimas pelo seu caracter artistico e scientifico, pela elevada concepção esthetica e, ao mesmo tempo, profundamente verdadeira, fiel, d'aquella natureza excepcional. Emquanto o pincel trabalhava, nem por isso a penna descançava. A sua familia recebia numerosas cartas, que accompanharam os seus trabalhos artisticos, como amplo commentario, em que um estylo summamente vivo e pittoresco amenisava as investigações scientificas mais rigorosas. Estas cartas, enriquecidas com cinco tratados especiaes, foram dadas á luz bastante tempo depois do regresso do autorá Allemanha em 1864. ( interesse do autor não foi ainda completamente absorvido por estes trabalhos; á sua perspicaz intelligencia não escaparam os phenomenos linguisticos dos idiomas da America meridional e central, idiomas que constituem os instrumentos mais valiosos para uma justa apreciação da civilisação d'essas regiões, na época anterior ao dominio europeu. O snr. Platzmann emprehendeu pois resuscitar esses documentos, creando d'este modo a base indispensavel para ulteriores investigações n'esse dominio. Dez annos consagrou elle, como dissemos, á colleccionação das obras mais notaveis, de que Trübner dera ampla noticia bibliographica, formando uma bibliotheca americana dos thesouros mais raros, uma collecção unica. Depois deu o segundo passo, communicando os seus estudos bibliographicos ao publico; é inutil encarecer a grande importancia de um trabalho d'esta ordem, que contem tambem valiosas noticias biographicas. Em seguida começou a reimpressão methodica dos tractados mais raros e mais importantes, empreza mais propria de uma academia ou de qualquer outra associação opulenta, do que de um simples particular. Estes trabalhos são o melhor elogio do autor, que tem merecido varias distinções de differentes governos. O do Brazil creou-o cavalleiro da Ordem da Rosa, o da Austria concedeu-lhe a grande medalha d'ouro: Litteris et Artibus, a Sociedade americana de França conferiu-lhe a honra de laureatus etc.
Carolina MICHAËLIS DE VASCONCELLOS.
CYPRUS, A, at the vo ounces
Dok-trade influence. its mem100 much olleagues
culture, who died at home
the 22nd Professor
training sterdam, into the
leading nt philor was a a of the beneath scientific classical rtunities
ature of vurmany, auu viiO Caxu pro v. «* . wwwww. Jo doubt gave to his mind the scholarly direction which he consistently followed out throughout his whole career. He
some of her finest colonial posseSSIOD
ruuve, the prencn nevoiagionary wars, une
rance, and the consequent loss by Holland of Mhest colonial possessions, unfortunately reduced
Aus der Bai von Paranaguá. Von Julius Platzmann. Mit
einer Karte. Leipzig, Teubner. [IV u. 272 S.] gr. 8. broch. M. 8. –, gebunden M. 10.50.
„Paranaguá, a large bay in the south of Brazil, according to the native geographers, is „picturesque, enchanting, sinuous, adorned with islands, encircled with verdant mountains, abounding in precious woods, full of game of all descriptions, and the resort of foreigners attracted by the mildness and hospitality of the inhabitants.“ Herr Julius Platzmann's record of his long residence in this fascinating spot, couched in the form of letters to his friends at home, may be defined as a series of variations upon this alluring description, with a large infusion of the element of natural history. In fact, for a traveller of modest pretensions, simple tastes, and active habits, Paranaguá would appear to be one of the most delightful residences in the world. Beauty crowds upon beauty in the author's pages, and the effect of such accumulated opulence is bewilderment, almost intoxication, such as must usually attend the attempt to render the gorgeous luxuriance of tropical nature. It is a relief when this oppressive splendour is chequered by scientific details concerning rare plants and animals, or notes of sport, although these are frequently romantic enough, as when the writer describes an expedition to shoot tapirs in myrtle groves by moonlight, close upon ,, the beached verge of the measureless Atlantic. On the whole, the general impression is that Herr Platzmann has had a rare piece of good fortune, which he has most thoroughly deserved. His energy and cheerfulness, his love of science and keen sense of natural beauty, produce the most favourable impression. He appears to have found the natives kind, helpful, and hospitable people. Dioner, he says, usually consists of black beans (feijões) stewed along with sun-dried beef, bacon, the crown of the palmetto (with the look of a Jerusalem artichoke and the flavour of asparagus), roots, and slices of gourd. Oranges are never wanting, and wild fowl, fish, and oysters are frequent additions to the meal. The climate would seem to be by no means insalubrious.“
Saturday Review. 1873. Febrnary.
„Ce livre composé sous la forme de lettres écrites à ses parents est imprégné de poésie, de fraîcheur et d'enthousiasme: ses divers chapitres sont comme autant de peintures simples et délicieuses de la nature tropicale. Dès cette époque nous nous étions promis de le faire connaître, de l'analyser et d'en traduire quelques fragments."
La Belgique Horticole. 1875.
Druck von B. G. Teubner in Leipzig.
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“ Indefessus Agendo." AFTER the establishment of the Republic of the United her power and influence greatly, and the Dutch book-trade Netherlands at the beginning of the seventeenth century, lost simultaneously its preponderating European influence. and more especially after the declaration of its independence | But although more localized now, the standard of its memat the conclusion of the peace at Münster in 1648, the Nether. I bers has not deteriorated, and it is not saying too much lauds arrived at the highest pinnacle of its greatness. that they still occupy a foremost rank among their colleagues The country became the seat and the asylum of religious and in Germany, France and England, for knowledge, culture, political liberty in Europe. The press was absolutely free, intelligence and activity. And Frederik Muller, who died all religious opinions were tolerated, and civil liberty became on the 6th of January, and whose loss is deplored at home the birthright of all denizens of the Republic. Its prosperity and abroad, was among them facile princeps. was nnexampled, and the Arts and Sciences flourished to a Frederik Muller was born at Amsterdam on the 22nd remarkable degree.
of July, 1817. He was the son of Samuel Muller, a Professor It was but natural that with such favouring conditions the at the Mennonite Seminary, received a very careful training Netherlands book-trade should have had a great chance, in his father's house, attended the Gymnasium at Amsterdam, and its members during the seventeenth and eighteenth and entered at an early age as an apprentice into the centuries were not slow in availing themselves of it. Who | business of his uncle, Johannes Muller, one of the leading does not, in and out of the Netherlands, know the honoured | foreign booksellers, and also a publisher of important philoDames of the Planting, the Elzevirs, the Blaeus, Wetsteins, logical works, in the same city. Johannes Muller was a Waesberghes, Luchtmans, Enschedes, and their confrères ? bookseller of the good old stamp; he had a high idea of the It was mainly owing to them that Holland's press became pobleness of his calling, and would have deemed it beneath famous over the whole civilized world, and that Dutch | his dignity to deal in any books not belonging to scientific paper and Dutch type became celebrated, and still command and high-class literature. F. Muller, replete with classical universal respect. The troubles which Holland had to go lore, enjoyed, under his uncle's tuition, excellent opportunities through during the last century, the rising naval power of of acquainting himself with the scientific literature of England and France, the French Revolutionary wars, the Germany, and the example of his worthy teacher no doubt annexation to France, and the consequent loss by Holland of gave to his mind the scholarly direction which he consome of her finest colonial possessions, unfortunately reduced sistently followed out throughout his whole career. He
had no easy time of it in his uncle's business, for the latter was a stern man, severe to himself, and severe in his demands on his subordinates. After having served his uncle for six years, he became a clerk, and afterwards a partner, of Jacobus Radink, at that time the leading antiquarian bookseller of Holland. Radink was rough and ready, a man of little education, and without a knowledge of the classical and hardly any of the modern languages, but long practice had made him familiar with the externals of old
books, although of their contents he was rather ignorant. Whilst with him he had good opportunities of becoming acquainted with the great book treasures produced and accumulated for centuries in his native country, and which, stored up for some centuries, began at the time of Muller's embracing the profession of a bookseller to become dispersed. He also acquired, whilst in that position, great expertness in cataloguing, and in the management of book auctions. But no two men could have been more dissimilar than Radink
and Muller, and it followed as a matter of course that they , and have carried on a business so little thought of as the soon separated, and that Muller began business on his own second-hand book trade was at that time; a business with account. This was in 1843, when Muller was at the age of only insignificant capitals invested in it, a business, moreover, 26: his first place of business being in a cellar or base only carried on, on small stalls in the market-place at ment on the Rokin at Amsterdam. About the man and Amsterdam.” his business abode at that time we quote the words of his At that time Muller began practically to apply the colleague and devoted friend, A. C. Kruseman, of Haarlem, results of his bibliographical studies to the collecting and himself an eminent member of the Dutch book trade.-" Who cataloguing of books, pamphlets, prints, engravings, and would have conjectured, whilst walking about thirty-five manuscripts. We give in a footnote at the bottom of the next years ago along the Rokin at Amsterdam, and observing page a list of his catalogues and bibliographies, and wish folios and quartos piled up for sale on the stone steps of a to direct particular attention to the “ Bibliographical and corner house, and so was tempted to descend into the damp Historical Essay on the Dutch Books and Pamphlets relating basement, who, we ask, would have conjectured, that the to New Netherland," as opening an entirely new vista to the unpretending, simple-looking young man, in charge of the students of the history of the state of New York; nor is the half-dark musty place, would become the famous Frederik essay on Batavo-Russian bibliography of less importance for Muller, whose name is mentioned with so much respect at the student of the history of Russia and Poland, as it gives home as well as abroad? Truly, no man of his education information of books, maps, plates, etc., formerly quite uncould have begun business under more humble circumstances, | known. It may be truly said that from 1841 to 1876, hardly
any precious collection of books was dispersed by auction in | What S. de Sacy, the son of the great Orientalist, said of Holland, the cataloguing and selling of which was not en the Brothers De Bure (Variétés littéraires, etc., vol. i. p. 243), trusted to Maller. As the catalogues of these sales have all may literally be applied to Muller. "Messrs. De Bure repreof them great bibliographical interest and value, the following sented, too, the olden-time fraternity of booksellers and ought to be named:-Sale Immerzeel, 1841; Hoeufft, 1814 ; learned men. Their customers were their friends. They Wiselius, 1815; Clarisse, 1847; Huet, 1817; D. J. van Lennep, often ventured on the costly undertaking of bringing out à 1953; Pastor van Steenwyk, 1854; Van Voorst, 1859-61; work of erudition, merely because of the author's name and Da Costa, 1861; Ackersdyck, 1862; A. de Vries, 1864; G. merit, and with little hope of recouping their outlay. It and W. Vrolik, 1860 and 1865; Joh. Enschede, 1867; was honourable to them to be the publishers of such a work ; Almanzi, 1868; Meulman, 1869; Luzac, 1872; Bodel Nijen that sufficed for them. It is true that learned men, on their buys, 1874-75; A. V. A. Willigen, 1875.
side, found pleasure, and felt it an honour, to have Messrs. Bat probably the most important work which Muller has De Bure for publishers." Also we may refer to the opinion left behind is the critical detailed description of the collection of Mr. Otto Harrassowitz, a pupil and friend of the late F. of engravings referring to the history of the Netherlands-a Muller, who, in his interesting memoir of the departed, conkiod of historical Atlas-on which he was engaged for more tributed by him to No. 48 of the Börsenblatt for the German than twenty-five years, viz.: “De Nederlandsche Geschie book-trade, expresses himself as follows: "In this wise denis in platen."
Muller became, through his business relations, associated A copious supplement to this work, the greatest part of with numerous friends of books, with bibliographers and which was prepared by the late F. Muller himself, will appear scholars, and it was owing to his disposition that his in the course of this year. The entire collection is still in the commercial relations almost always expanded into friendly possession of the family. All his other collections Muller sold personal intercourse. The extent of his reading enabled him daring his lifetime, after having described them carefully in most cases to give the desired information, and it followed ani systematically-among them his collection of Netherland as a matter of course that his advice was greatly solicited, portraits, of the catalogue of which a considerably enlarged but he was ever willing, and could never do too much in edition is in preparation. The first edition described about this way, no matter whether he derived from it a material Seren thousand portraits, whilst the second is expected to advantage or not. In addition to this he displayed a great contain about forty thousand.
deal of literary activity; the number of articles contributed One of Muller's great plans, which he did not live to see by him to Dutch periodicals amount to about eighty. They carried out, was a great Netherlands bibliography, for which refer mostly to literary and bibliographical matters, and be bad secured the collaboration of several scholars, each mainly to the question of Dutch piracies of German works. eminent in his own special department. Muller reserved to More than twenty years ago he spoke openly and uncom himself the arrangement, final revision and preparation promisingly against the reprint of foreign works, and for the press of the manuscript. He has left the needful thereby placed bimself in antagonism to a number of his directions for the completion and printing of this work; and, colleagues. .... One would think that Muller as a secondas several divisions are already prepared, it is to be hoped hand bookseller could have had no difficulty in entering the that this important and much wanted bibliography will after lists as a defender of the Author's rights in the creations of all see the light of day.
his own mind. But it must not be overlooked that he was Muller was endowed with a marvellous and never-failing also a publisher, and that he had issued quite a respectable memory; a book, an engraving, a portrait, a map which he number of works, among which the well-known names of had once seen, he did not easily forget. His zeal in the Cobet, Hofmann-Peerlkamp, Bleeker, Schaarschmidt, etc., banting up of manuscripts, books, portraits, belonging to the etc., are represented. His publications consisted mostly of golden age of the history of his native country, was extra extensive and strictly scientific works, which did not bring ordinary, and often met with its due reward ; thus, for much profit, a fact which he did not conceal from himself. instance, his keen scent led him to the discovery of the As long as a work was in preparation he took the liveliest original manuscript of Spinoza's Tractatus de Deo, which interest in it; and some of his publications, though bearing Fas edited by Dr. J. van Vloten, and became instrumental in another author's name, were to a certain extent his own redirecting the attention of the European public to the works labour. But the book once completed, his restless mind did of the great philosopher. He had also the good luck of dis not take kindly to the more technical labours of publishing. interring a portion of the correspondence of Descartes with Of this he was himself very well aware, and if he published the Queen of Sweden, which has since been published by a work it was because he took a personal interest in the JI. Foucher de Careil. Muller also wrote numerous articles sa me. Every inch a Netherlander, no sacritice was too on questions connected with literature, the book-trade and great for him if he thought it due to the honour of his copyright. He was much interested in the welfare of the native country. .... And he took always a foremost place Antiquarian Society of Amsterdam, and was for several years as a writer or speaker in matters concerning the honour of its President. He was also the founder of the Library of his calling, and in all questions agitating the Dutch bookthe Union of the Dutch Booksellers, endowed the same trade during the last thirty years he took the most lively Fery richly, and compiled its catalogue. adding to it a interest, giving in many instances the easting vote. His number of useful notes respecting the history of Dutch colleagues therefore, during his lifetime, honoured him, to a typography. For several years the state of his health had certain extent, as their spiritual head. Although his failing been bad and he was obliged to leave the entire control of the health compelled him during the last few years to altogether business to his partner F. Adama van Scheltema, he occupy retire from public life, his influence continued to be acknowing himself only with Archæology and Bibliography. His ledged by his pupils; for all those who, in Holland. cultivate second wife, two sons and two daughters live to deplore his the second-hand book-trade in a higher sense, have come loss; the elder son is a Doctor of Law, and Archivist of the from his school directly or indirectly, and it is not his least City and province of Utrecht: the second son is on the
merit to have raised that branch of the business, fo of terminating his philological studies at the University of not much thought of, into higber public esteem. To his own Leyden. Muller is succeeded in the business by his surviving thoughts about this matter he makes, in the preface to his partner, F. Adama van Scheltema.
last (English) written Catalogue, the following remarks :
Catalogus (Beschrijvende) van 7000 portretten van Nederlanders books and pamphlets relating to New-Netherland and to the Dutch en van buitenlanders, tot Nederland in betrekking staande, afkomstig West India Company, and to its possessions in Brazil, etc, as also on uit de collectien: de Burlett, Verstolk, Lamberts, etc. Amsterdam, the maps, charts, etc., of New-Netherland. Compiled chiefly from 1853. Sro. pp. xl, and 408.]
the collection of Mr. F. Muller, Amsterdam, 1867. 4to. (pp. lii. Catalogus van de bibliotheek der Vereeniging ter bevordering van de and 234, (3); list of maps, 22 and tab. 23 ) belangen des boekbandels. Amsterdam, 1855. 8vo. (pp. xiv. and 144.] Tiele (P.A) Mémoire bibliographique sur les Journaux des
Catalogus eener uiterst zeldzame verzameling van Hollandsche navigateurs Neerlandais réimprimés dans les colleetions de de Bry Bijbels, Psalmen, incunabelen, geestelijke liederen, Hollandsche et de Hulsius et dans les collections Holl. du 17° siècle, et sur des godgeleerde werken der 16" en 17e eeuw. Amsterdam, 1857. 8vo. anciennes éditions Hollandaises des journaux de navigateurs étran. Pp. 132.]
gers ; la plupart en la possession de F. Muller, Amsterdam, 1867. Catalogus van boeken over Nederlandsche geschiedenis en plaats 8vo. (pp. xii and 372.) Denebrijving. (Vergezeld van eene lijst van 100 politieke tijdschriften Catalogue of books, maps, plates on America, and of a remarkable Fan 1795-1814, etc.) Amsterdam, 1859. 8vo (pp. 148.] .
collection of early voyages. Including a large number of books in Essai d'une bibliographie Neêrlando-Russe. Catalogue d'une all languages, with bibliographical and historical notes, etc. Amster. Collection remarquable de livres, atlas, cartes, portraits, plan..hes, dam, 1872–75. 3 parts, 8vo. (pp. viii. and 288-289 to 420 and 174.]
9. bollandais et de plusieurs livres étrangers, tous concernar: la Part I.-Books with 3 facs. II.-Books (supplem.) III.-Portraits, Kunsie et la Pologne. Avec des notices bibliographiques et hist., e e. autographs, plates, atlases, and maps. Amsterdam. 1859. 8vo. (Dp. viii. and 174.)
De Nederlandsche Geschiedenis in platen. Beredeneerde Hele (P. A.) Bibliotheek van Nederlandsche pamfletten. Eerste beschrijving van Nederlandscbe Historieplaten, zinneprenten en
leeling: Verzameling van Fr. Muller. Naar tijdsorde gerangschikt ! historiscbe Kaarten; verzameld, gerangschikt en beschreven door F en beschreven. (1500-1702). Amsterdam, 1858-60. 3 parts. 4to. Muller. Vol. I. (Jaren 100 CHR.-1702), Amsterdam, 1863-1870.
Asher (G. M.) A bibliographical and historical essay on the Dutch ' Vol. II. (1702-1795), Ibid. 1876. Vol. III. (1795-1879), Ibid. 1879.