A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive: Being a Connected View of the Principles of Evidence and the Methods of Scientific Investigation, Volumen1
John W. Parker, 1843 - 624 páginas
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according action affirmed already animal antecedent appears applied ascertained assertion attributes axioms believe body called causation cause circumstances combination common complete conceive conclusion connoted consequent considered consists deductive definition denoted direct distinction effect equal evidence example exist experience expression fact feelings force former geometry give given ground human idea important included individual induction inference inquiry instances kind knowledge known language laws less lines logic manner mark matter meaning mental merely Method mind mode mortal motion nature necessary never object observation operation particular person phenomena phenomenon philosophers position possess possible predicate premisses present principle produced properties proposition proved question reasoning relation remarked require resemblance respecting result sensations sense separate similar simple species substances succession sufficient supposed syllogism term theory things thought tion true truth uniformities universal whole
Página 404 - The cause, then, philosophically speaking, is the sum total of the conditions, positive and negative, taken together; the whole of the contingencies of every description, which being realized, the consequent invariably follows.
Página 455 - If an instance in which the phenomenon under investigation occurs, and an instance in which it does not occur, have every circumstance in common save one, that one occurring only in the former; the circumstance in which alone the two instances differ is the effect, or the cause, or an indispensable part of the cause, of the phenomenon.
Página 380 - Why is a single instance, in some cases, sufficient for a complete induction ; while in others, myriads of concurring instances, without a single exception known or presumed, go such a very little way towards establishing a universal proposition ? Whoever can answer this question, knows more of the philosophy of logic than the wisest of the ancients, and has solved the problem of induction.
Página 372 - Whatever be the most proper mode of expressing it, the proposition that the course of nature is uniform is the fundamental principle, or general axiom, of Induction.
Página 309 - I conceive, be found, if we advert to one of the characteristic properties of geometrical forms — their capacity of being painted in the imagination with a distinctness equal to reality : in other words, the exact resemblance of our ideas of form to the sensations which suggest them.
Página 245 - All men are mortal, Socrates is a man, therefore Socrates is mortal; it is unanswerably urged by tlie adversaries of the syllogistic theory, that the proposition, Socrates is mortal, is presupposed in the more general assumption, All men are mortal...
Página 465 - Subduct from any phenomenon such part as is known by previous inductions to be the effect of certain antecedents, and the residue of the phenomenon is the effect of the remaining antecedents.
Página 397 - The only notion of a cause, which the theory of induction requires, is such a notion as can be gained from experience. The Law of Causation, the recognition of which is the main pillar of inductive science, is but the familiar truth, that invariability of succession is found by observation to obtain between every fact in nature and some other fact which has preceded it...
Página 475 - ... first law of motion, viz., that all bodies in motion continue to move in a straight line with uniform velocity until acted upon by some new force. This assertion is in open opposition to first appearances; all terrestrial objects, when in motion, gradually abate their velocity and at last stop, which, accordingly, the ancients, with their inductio per enumerationem simplicem, imagined to be the law.