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AND

REGAINED,

WITH THE LATIN AND OTHER POEMS,

OF

JOHN MILTON.

NOTES AND TRANSLATIONS

BY W. COWPER,

AND

LIFE BY WILLIAM HAYLEY.

IN FOUR VOLUMES.

Vol. 1V.

Nec satis hoc visum est in utrumque et nec pia cessant officia in tumulo.

MANSUS.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR HENRY WASHBOURNE,

SALISBURY SQUARE.

ΤΗ Ε

FIRST BOOK

OF

PARADISE REGAINED,

VOL. IV.

THE ARGUMENT.

The Subject proposed. Invocation of the Holy Spirit.

- The Poem opens withJohn baptizing at the river Jordan. Jesus coming there is baptized; and is attested, by the descent of the Holy Ghost, and by a voice from Heaven, to be the Son of God. Satan who is present, upon this immediately flies up into the regions of the air ; where, summoning his Infernal Council, he acquaints them with his apprehensions that Jesus is that seed of the Woman, destined to destroy all their power, and points out to them the immediate necessity of bringing the matter to proof, and of attempting by snures and fraud, to counteract and defeat the person, from whom they have so much to dread. This Office he offers himself to undertake : and, his offer being accepted, sets out on his enterprise. In the mean time God, in the assembly of Holy Angels, declares that he has given up his Son to be tempted by Satan; but foretells that the Tempter shall be completely defeated by him :-upon which the Angels sing a hymn of triumph. Jesus is led up by the Spirit into the wilderness, while he is meditating on the comencement of his great office of Saviour of Mankind. Pursuing his meditations he narrates, in a soliloquy, what divine and philanthropick impulses he had felt from his early youth, and how his mother Mary, on perceiving these dispositions in him, had acquainted him with the circumstances of his birth, and informed him that he was no less a person than the Son of God; to which he adds what his own inquiries and reflections had supplied in confirmation of this great truth, and particularly dwells on the recent attestation of it at the

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