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of this Commonwealth, for the able and dignified manner in which he has for several successive years discharged his duties as Lieutenant Governor of this Commonwealth ; and that we have felt sincere regret that any circumstance should have induced him to decline being considered a candidate for the same office at the approaching election.
Resolved, That a Committee of three be appointed by the Chair, to wait upon His Honor, with a copy of the foregoing Resolves.
The following gentlemen were appointed to compose the Committee :Messrs. BLAKE, MERRILL,
of Boston. and SULLIVAN, On motion of Mr. BURNELL, of Nantucket,
Voted, That the thanks of this Convention be presented to the First Parish in Worcester, for the use of their Church during the sitting of the Convention.
On motion of Mr. EVERETT, of Boston,
Voted, That the thanks of this Convention be presented to the Rev. Dr. BANCROFT, for the able and impressive manner in which he performed religious services upon the opening of the Convention.
On motion of Mr. CARTWRIGHT, of Boston,
Voted, That 10,000 copies of the proceedings of this Convention, accompanied by the speech of Mr. WEBSTER, be printed for distribution, and that each member of the Convention be furnished with a copy.
On motion of THOMAS H. PERKINS, of Boston, the following Resolution was unanimously adopted :
Resolved, That the thanks of this Convention be presented to the Hon. NATHANIEL SILSBEE, for the able, dignified and impartial manner in which he has discharged the arduous duties of presiding over their deliberations.
On motion of Mr. E. EVERETT, of Charlestown,
Resolved, That the thanks of this Convention be presented to the Vice President, and the Secretaries, for the appropriate discharge of their respective duties of the several offices.
The Convention then adjourned sine die.
TO THE PEOPLE OF MASSACHUSETTS.
THE Convention of Delegates from the several towns in the State, assembled in unusual numbers at Worcester, for the purpose of recommending to their Constituents of the National Republican Party a list of Electors of President and Vice President of the United States, and Candidates for the offices of Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, beg leave to address their fellow-citizens on the subject of the approaching elections :
They rejoice to have it in their power to congratulate the people of the Commonwealth upon the satisfactory aspect of the State Government. It is the peculiar privilege of the citizens of Massachusetts to have obtained for a series of
years the services of a Chief Magistrate, eminently devoted to the principles and interests, with which the character and prosperity of the Commonwealth are blended. Called to the Executive trust by the earnest and repeated solicitations of his fellow-citizens, without distinction of party, he has not failed to requite their reasonable expectations. In the laborious and thorough discharge of ordinary duties, he has furnished an example of application and industry seldom witnessed in our public servants, and altogether deserving of special commendation. Conscientious and impartial in the exercise of the appointing power, he has filled the most important offices with the best men, and in respect, at least, to the purity of his intentions, has never afforded grounds of dissatisfaction and complaint. In superintending the relations of the State to the General Government, he has guarded our interests, with unceasing vigilance, and asserted our rights with becoming dignity and firmness. In the prosecution of public improvements, in the advancement of useful institutions, in the more convenient organization of the courts, and in the reformation of the prisons, his agency has been conspicuous and effective. In the suggestion of every practicable legislative expedient
for a salutary retrenchment of expenditures, and in the accomplishment of many executive measures in the civil and military departments, directly conducive to this object, he has done all that could be done, through the influence of his office, to subserve the purposes of a wise and just economy. In short, without a more minute review of the principles and measures which have distinguished the administration of GOVERNOR LINCOLN, it has appeared to the Convention, as they doubt not it will appear to a large portion of the citizens of the Commonwealth, to be exceedingly desirable to secure the continuance of his services for another political term; and they have the satisfaction to announce, that in compliance with the unanimous invitation of the Convention, he has again consented to be a candidate for re-election.
The present Lieutenant-Governor having declined a re-election to the office which he has filled for several years, to the entire satisfaction of the community, the Convention have found themselves obliged to make choice of a person to be recommended to the support of the people as his successor. In making the selection from several respected and worthy citizens, they have been guided by a comparison of opinions from every part of the Commonwealth, and by the wish that all its interests and feelings should be consulted. In this view, they have been led to designate SAMUEL T. ARMSTRONG, of Boston, as a suitable candidate for the office of Lieutenant-Governor of the Commonwealth, for the ensuing political year. Mr. Armstrong has been distinguished through life, for the purity of his private character, his exemplary diligence in the practical pursuits of life, and his discharge of the various social and public duties, which have devolved upon him. The Convention, in selecting him as a candidate, have proceeded in full confidence of his qualifications for an upright discharge of the duties of his office, and in the belief that his nomination will be generally acceptable to the good people of the Commonwealth, whom they have the honor to represent.
In turning their attention from the State Elections to that of a Chief Magistrate of the United States, the Convention are profoundly impressed with the magnitude and solemnity of the subject.
They cannot but regard the approaching presidential election as the most important which has been held in the United
States, since the adoption of the Federal Constitution. The choice of the Chief Executive Officer is in all popular governments the matter of greatest difficulty, and is that in which the strength of the system is most severely tried. The periodical exercise of the right of suffrage in choosing a President is, for this reason, at all times the most important duty which the People of this free country are called upon to perform.
The present election is peculiarly momentous. If the existing Administration is renewed, it will be considered (though erroneously) as a sanction, by the People, of the encroachments which it has made and attempted upon the Constitution, laws, and great interests of the country.
When the present chief magistrate was seriously proposed as a candidate for the first office in the gift of the People, and the minds of men had recovered from the surprise, into which they were thrown, by the suggestion, various benefits were promised by his partizans, and various evils were foretold by his opponents, as likely to result to the country from his elevation. It is the deliberate and solemn sense of the Convention, that not one of these benefits has been enjoyed; while every evil anticipated has been more than realized. To support this proposition, the Convention believe they shall be obliged to allege but little as matter of fact against the Ad. ministration, which is not both admitted to be true by its sup porters, and even claimed as a merit.
When the President was nominated, his partizans generally held forth the promise of his retirement at the close of his first term. In his own first message to Congress, he himself declared an amendment of the Constitution restricting the office to one term of four or six years to be advisable. But in the face of the pledge given by his friends and of his own proposal, even to take from the People the power, in all cases, to re-elect a President, he is himself a candidate for re-election. Not only this, but when a proposition was introduced into Congress by one of the most distinguished of those who had promoted his election, for such an amendment of the Constitution, the step was denounced as hostile to the President, by the presses in his interest.
A memorable piece of advice bad, in 1817, been given by the President himself to Mr. Monroe, to break down the monster party,” and to recall those then in the minority to a
share in the administration of the Government. This counsel gained for him the support of a large number of that class of citizens; and the People of the United States of all denominations, wearied with dissension and discord, approved the sentiment as magnanimous and patriotic. But on his accession to power, he became himself the head of a party, the most intolerant and proscriptive ever known in the country. And not only this, but all who refuse to fall into it and support his administration, are not merely denounced by his presses, but denounced by the name of that party to which he had spoken in the language of conciliation. We accordingly not only behold the whole strength of the Administration press put forth to revive a distinction of parties, against which the President had protested, while such a protest was of service to him ; but in order to give to him personally the benefit of this uncandid procedure, we see men eminent as democrats, (while that division of parties existed,) now denounced as federalists, and leading federalists supported as democrats, merely because they happen to be opposers or supporters of this Administration.
It had been the main objection to the last President, that having been selected from the three highest candidates by the House of Representatives, he had placed in his cabinet a distinguished member of that body, who had voted for him.Notwithstanding the unquestioned fitness of Mr. Clay for the office of Secretary of State, and the unreasonableness, not to say impossibility, of holding every man disfranchised for office, who may have contributed in any degree to promote the election of a President, the friends of the present incumbent deemed. this appointment so dangerous an attempt on the
purity of Congress, as to be itself sufficient ground of opposition to the administration of Mr. Adams. Gen. Jackson himself considered the danger so imminent, that he pressed upon Congress, in his first message, an amendment to the Constitution, disqualifying members of Congress for all appointments except the judicial. But notwithstanding this bis own declared opinion of the impropriety of these appointments, a very large proportion of the most valuable offices in his gift have been conferred on members of the Senate and House of Representatives; and some of them on no conceivable grounds, but that of superior diligence and activity in promoting his own election,