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moral values and ethical conduct that made us good citizens of the world.

And like children who go through stages of growth and development, with its joys and sorrows, peaks and valleys, reach adulthood prepared to face the world independently. Guam has grown and matured and has achieved the economic, social and political threshold that she is now ready to leave the American family and assert her self-determination.

Do not fear for our genre for America has bestowed in her genes the imprint of democracy, in her heart the love of freedom and liberty, and in her body the permanent hunger for peace and justice.

Give to your child what is her inalienable right of self-determination and the pursuit of happiness. Listen to your sons and daughters as we present our petition. Please do not treat us like little children though we have your economic, social and political blood flowing within our veins. But give us your encouragement and blessing that we may become, just as American has, since it cut the umbilical cord to the Mother Country, and declared her independence, equal peoples of the earth. Si Yuus Maase. Thank you very much and God bless all of us.

Mr. DE LUGO. Thank you very much.
[Prepared statement of Mr. Aguon follows:]

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December 11, 1989

House Interior Subcommittee Insular

and International Affairs House of Representative

Subject: Public Hearing Tes: imony on the

Commonwealth Act of Guam in Hawaii o

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Insular and International Af! virs:

I am here today to parti 'ipate with my fellow people of Guam to plead our rights to self 'termination before this august body of the U.S. Congress. W: the American people from Guam have passed the Commonwealth or expressing our desires and firm believe that we are ready, "illing and able to self govern, just like our brother and sisters n the "Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas."

Your support of our commonwealth initiative recognizes America's guidance and assistance for almost a century to bring Guam to economic, social, id political adulthood competent and eager to assume her place in the world society. I earnestly appeal to all of you to act 'vorably and speedily in the passage of Guam's Commonwealth Act.

My name is Carl J. C. ! luon. I was born after World War II in in the village of Barrigdia, Guam. My parents, Juan Upingco Aguon (deceased) and Mari: castro Aguon are both indigenous to Guam. I have eight (8) o brainers and sisters most of which are residing on Guam an Others in the continental U.S.A. I reside with my wife and for thildren on Guam.

My mother and father is always spoke proudly ind joyously

of the American occupation prior to World War II and after the war as American citizen. They instilled in us a deep and abiding sense of "American Heritage and Values." America is a great and beautiful nation, I remember them repeating, because her heart is pure, she is a democracy and protect and defend freedom, liberty, social and economic equality and justice world wide.

My father fought along side v.s. forces in the mop up operation as a combat Patrol Sergeant leading a troop of about sixteen (16) Guamanians seeking Japanese stragglers immediately after the invasion. His gallantry in combat for his island and freedom he was awarded the "Silver Star" by the United States Arm Forces.

My mother who was a school teacher for several years prior to the war gave up her profession so she can provide a motherly home for her then three children. She strongly believes that rearing her sons and daughters is far more important and rewarding than a professional career.

The mother in a home, she often tells us, provides the foundation upon which children develop strong moral, ethical, and social values that will make them become good members of our society. This task was not easy especially during the Japanese occupation and several years after the war. It took tremendous courage and commitment, and above all, LOVE. Yes, my mother loves us so very much that her love continues to nourish us not only in our respective endeavors but as parents as well.

Guam is like a child of the United States of America. Like a father she taught us to be self reliant and responsible. She defended us against invaders and freed us from their tyranny. Like a mother she treated us with love and affection. She milked us with nutriments that made our bodies healthy and strong. She taught us moral values and ethical conduct that made us good citizens of the world.

And like children who go through stages of growth and development with its joys and sorrows, peaks and valleys reach adulthood prepared to face the world independently. Guam has grown and matured and has achieved the economic, social, and political threshold that she is now ready to leave the American family and assert her self determination.

Do not fear for your genre for America has bestowed in her genes the imprint of democracy: in her heart the love of freedom and liberty and in her body the permanent hunger for peace and justice. Give to your child what is her inalienable right of self determination and the pursuit of happiness.

Listen to your sons and daughters as we present our petition. Please do not treat us like little children though we have your economic, social, and political blood flowing within our veins. But give to us your encouragements and blessings that we may become, just as America has since it cut the umbilical cord of the "Mother country" and declared her independence, equal peoples of the earth. Si Yuus Maase, Thank you very much and God Bless all of us.

Lien, jecom
Carl J.C. Aguon
132 Capitan Reyes St., Barrigada, Guam; tel.: 671-734- 3234

Mr. DE LUGO. I want to thank all of you for your presentations here.

Ladies and gentlemen, we are now going to break for lunch for a half hour. We will return at 2:30. When we return at 2:30, we will have a panel representing the Organization of the People for Indigenous Rights, and that panel will have 20 minutes at the request of the delegate from Guam, Delegate Blaz. Without objection, that will be the order.

Then we will hear from the administration.

(Whereupon, at 12:00 noon, the subcommittee was recessed, to reconvene at 2:30 p.m. the afternoon of the same day.)

[AFTER RECESS] Mr. DE LUGO. Can we bring the people into the auditorium and close the doors?

The Subcommittee on Insular and International Affairs hearing on H.R. 98, the bill to create the Commonwealth of Guam, is hereby reconvened. As we said before we broke for lunch, the leadoff witness will be Mr. Ron Rivera. We had both Mr. Ron Rivera and Mr. Ron Tian of the Organization for Indigenous Rights scheduled at this time, but Mr. Tian has yielded his time to Mr. Ron Rivera, who has 20 minutes.

Mr. Rivera, your entire statement will be made part of the record. We look forward to receiving your testimony. Welcome to the subcommittee hearing. STATEMENT OF RON RIVERA, ORGANIZATION OF PEOPLE FOR

INDIGENOUS RIGHTS Mr. RIVERA. Senor de Lugo, Senor Blaz, Hafa adai todos hamyo. Guahu si Ron Rivera yan para bai hu presenta giya hamyo i pusision i OPIR put este na asuntu i estao pulitikat para Guahan.

I am Ron Rivera and I am here to present to you the position of the Organization for Indigenous Rights, the only organization devoted to the protection and eventual exercise of the Chamorro peoples right to self-determination.

Since the inception of our organization in 1981, we have had the opportunity to present our position in a variety of forums including the United Nations, government bodies on Guam and, on occasion, in front of United States agencies and instrumentalities.

We are very proud of our activities and our statements. Over the years we have been consistent, direct and honest in our position. We are also particularly proud of the growing understanding and support of the right of the Chamorro people to self-determination by all segments of the population on Guam. In the very beginning of our organization, many political leaders on Guam avoided us and scoffed at our movement. Over the years, this skepticism has turned to understanding and finally, full support. We are heartened by this trend and we want you to understand its characteristics so that Chamorro self-determination is not misunderstood, misrepresented or misinterpreted by the Congress of the United States.

The principle of Chamorro self-determination is a simple one. It holds that the political status of Guam is in the hands of the Cha

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