« AnteriorContinuar »
Page 7 general tone and language of the proposed act is to drift away
from the American political infrastructure.
Therefore, some adjustments in our thinking and flexibility
in our approach to our off-shore territories are critical. The need to ameliorate the competing ideals of local self-government and the requirement of our national government is crucial. Admittedly, a reasonable compromise would require some ingenious adjustments, but an enlightened view point -- scraping the old belief of "conflict of interest" -- could be catalytic towards change. Based upon this premise, the Congress should be persuaded that greater self-rule and increased autonomy would not present any threat to the military's employment of Guam as a strategic defense base. The first step is for the Executive Department to loosen its authority to allocate resources in the territory, and for Guam to remove from the draft Commonwealth Act the racial restrictive language that is incompatible with the principle of "freedom and equality for all".
GEORGE CASTRO EUSTAQUIO
December 11, 1989
Honorable Ron de Lugo
Insular and International Affairs
RE: H.R.98-COMMONWEALTH BILL OF GUAM
My name is Kurt s. Moylan, last appointed Secretary of Guam and first elected Lieutenant Governor of Guam with Governor Carlos G. Camacho in 1970. I appear before you in total support of H.R.98 introduced by our own u.s. House Delegate Ben Blaz which grants Guamanians the right of self-determination.
I would like to outline significant dates in Guam's history which will assist the Subcommittee members in supporting this historic piece of legislation.
1565....Guam and the Mariana Islands were claimed by Spain.
The Chamorros were later forced into submission
1898.. .Guam is ceded to the United States by Spain under
the Treaty of Paris agreement. The rest of the
by the Secretary of Navy.
Congress retaining complete control over the
1941....On December 8, 1941, a holy day in Guam, Japanese
troops seized Guam from the United States. For
1944. ...On July 21, 1944, U.s. troops liberated Guam from
the enemy. The Secretary of Navy once again
asssumed military rule over Guam and its people.
the first civilian Governor of Guam. Administration
.On August 1, 1950, the Organic Act of Guam became
1961....President Kennedy by Executive Order removed the
military security clearance required of all persons entering Guam, including returning Guamanians. An unnecessary military restriction on the free movement of Guamanian-Americans was permanently removed eleven years after the enactment of the Organic Act. Guam remained economically stagnant since it was
treated like a military base and another trusteeship. 1968....Led by Guam Delegate Won Pat and California Congressman
Phil Burton, Congress enacted legislation permitting Guam to elect its own Governor and Lieutenant Governor, thereby removing forever ths appointment of federal Governors by the Department of Interior. The right to elect our own leaders should have been included in the Organic Act in 1950.
1970....Guamanians elect their own Governor and Lieutenant
Governor who are responsible to them and not to the
limited by u.s. Congress's plenary powers over Guam. 1989....On December 11, 1989, in Honolulu, marks the date
Congress opens hearings on H.R.98, introduced by
These events have bound us together in our determination to see that H.R.98 is enacted by Congress. H.R.98 has been voted by the people of Guam. It is a bill which will forge a new political relationship between Guam and the United States, a relationship based on the right of self-determination.
Mr. Chairman, you have been instrumental in guiding through Congress legislation which created a unique relationship between the former Trusteeship island republics of the Republic of Belau, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands with the United States. Congress granted these island nations the right of self-determination.
I ask that you give this same consideration to the Chamorros by giving your approval to H.R.98, a bill which should have been enacted in 1950 when the Organic Act became law.