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GUAM COMMONWEALTH

HEARING

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
INSULAR AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
ONE HUNDRED FIRST CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

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Printed for the use of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs

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COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

MORRIS K. UDALL, Arizona, Chairman GEORGE MILLER, California

DON YOUNG, Alaska, PHILIP R. SHARP, Indiana

Ranking Republican Member EDWARD J. MARKEY, Massachusetts

ROBERT J. LAGOMARSINO, California AUSTIN J. MURPHY, Pennsylvania

RON MARLENEE, Montana NICK JOE RAHALL II, West Virginia

LARRY CRAIG, Idaho BRUCE F. VENTO, Minnesota

DENNY SMITH, Oregon PAT WILLIAMS, Montana

JAMES V. HANSEN, Utah BEVERLY B. BYRON, Maryland

BARBARA F. VUCANOVICH, Nevada RON DE LUGO, Virgin Islands

BEN BLAZ, Guam SAM GEJDENSON, Connecticut

JOHN J. RHODES III, Arizona PETER H. KOSTMAYER, Pennsylvania ELTON GALLEGLY, California RICHARD H. LEHMAN, California

STAN PARRIS, Virginia BILL RICHARDSON, New Mexico

ROBERT F. SMITH, Oregon GEORGE (BUDDY) DARDEN, Georgia

JIM LIGHTFOOT, Iowa PETER J. VISCLOSKY, Indiana

CRAIG THOMAS, Wyoming
JAIME B. FUSTER, Puerto Rico

JOHN J. DUNCAN, Tennessee
MEL LEVINE, California
JAMES MCCLURE CLARKE, North Carolina
WAYNE OWENS, Utah
JOHN LEWIS, Georgia
BEN NIGHTHORSE CAMPBELL, Colorado
PETER A DEFAZIO, Oregon
ENI F.H. FALEOMAVAEGA, American

Samoa
JAMES A. McDERMOTT, Washington
TIM JOHNSON, South Dakota

STANLEY SCOVILLE, Staff Director and Counsel
Roy JONES, Associate Staff Director and Counsel

LEE McELVAIN, General Counsel
RICHARD A. AGNEW, Chief Minority Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON INSULAR AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

RON DE LUGO, Virgin Islands, Chairman MORRIS K. UDALL, Arizona

ROBERT J. LAGOMARSINO, California GEORGE (BUDDY) DARDEN, Georgia

BEN BLAZ, Guam
JAIME B. FUSTER, Puerto Rico

ELTON GALLEGLY, California
JAMES MCCLURE CLARKE, North Carolina DON YOUNG, Alaska
JOHN LEWIS, Georgia
ENI F.H. FALEOMAVAEGA,
American Samoa

JEFFREY L. FARROW, Staff Director
PATRICIA A. KRAUSE, Professional Staff Member
GAIL A. MURAIHATA, Professional Staff Member

Daisy M. MINTER, Staff Assistant
MANASE MANSUR, Republican Consultant on Insular and International Affairs

JUNE LUSBY, Staff Assistant
NOTE.—The first listed minority member is counterpart to the subcommittee chairman.

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GUAM COMMONWEALTH

TUESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1989

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, SUBCOMMITTEE ON INSULAR AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS, COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS,

Honolulu, HI. The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 9:40 a.m., in State Capitol Auditorium, Honolulu, HI, Hon. Ron de Lugo (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding. Mr. DE LUGO. Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.

The Subcommittee on Insular and International Affairs hearing on H.R. 98, a bill to establish a Commonwealth of Guam, will now continue with our second day of hearings. I want to welcome all of you back that were here yesterday and anyone who is coming for the first time today, welcome.

We had a splendid hearing yesterday. I want to thank all of the leaders of Guam, the people of Guam, for their testimony before the subcommittee. You helped the subcommittee tremendously.

Again, I have to commend Governor Joe Ada. What a stirring and powerful presentation he made.

We will begin our hearing in just one moment, but I wanted to share with you an AP bulletin that just came off the wires:

President Bush signs legislation approving self-government plan for Palau. President Bush today signed legislation approving a self-government plan for the Western Pacific island of Palau. Palau, the world's last remaining trust territory, will hold a plebiscite on February 6 on the plan called the Compact of Free Association between the United States and the Islands. “I believe that it is time to change the relationship that is no longer appropriate for either Palau or the United States to one that provides a sound foundation for the future of Palau", Bush said in a statement.

He urged Palau citizens to vote in the upcoming plebiscite and exercise their democratic right to set their own course for the future. The legislation Bush signed creates an anti-drug program for Palau and establishes controls for the spending of U.S. aid money. Bush said that he will interpret that provision as advisory in nature. He said the intent of the plan is in keeping with his national anti-drug strategy.

Palau is the last of four parts of the trust territory of the Pacific Islands created following World War II to define the political status. The Compact of Free Association provides self-development in all areas, except defense, which is reserved for the United States. The United States also retains a 50-year right to establish a military base on Palau should it need an alternative to its current bases in the Philippines.

I want to say that I know the impact that you must feel when you hear of Palau moving forward. It strengthens your case here today. It certainly does.

I want to say that this subcommittee worked long and hard to bring about this legislation for Palau. It was a long struggle and we got 98 percent, I would say, of what this committee felt was abso

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