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several posts; hire of teamsters ; transportation of funds for the Pay Department; the expense of sailing public transports between the posts on the Gulf Mexico, and of procuring water. at such posts as from their situation require it; of clothing from the depot at Philadelphia to the stations of the troops; of subsistence froin the places of purchase and from the places of de. livery, under contracts, to such places as the circumstances of the service may require it to be sent; of ordnance, ordnance stores, and small arms, from the foundries and armories to the arsenals, fortifications, and frontier posts, two hundred and fifty thousand dollars.
For contingencies of the army, six thousand dollars. Contingencies.
For the purchase of ordnance, ordnance stores and supplies, Ordnance, and one hundred thousand dollars.
For current expenses of the ordnance service, one hundred Contingencies. thousand dollars.
For manufacture of arms at the national armories, three Manufacture of hundred thousand dollars.
For repairs and improvements, and new machinery, at Repairs, go. at Springfield armory, one hundred and twenty five thousand Springfield. doHars.
And the sum of five thousand dollars, out of the appropria- $5,000 out of tion made for the said objects by the act approved March third, March 3, 1845, eighteen hundred and forty-five, is declared to have been in- declared to be tended for the purchase of the lots adjoining the armory ground, lots adjoining as expressed in the estimates, to which purpose it has been armory ground, applied. And of the sum allowed by the said act to be applied to repairs at the national armories such amount as in the judgment of the Secretary of War may be necessary, not exceeding fifteen thousand dollars, may be applied to the purchase of land from individuals and from the town of Springfield, Massachusetts, and the assent of Congress is hereby given to such purchase.
For repairs and improvements and new machinery at Har- Repairs, &c. at per's Ferry armory, one hundred and twenty-eight thousand Harper's Ferry. three hundred and sixty-one dollars. For arsenals, one hundred and sixty-eight thousand five hun. Arsenals.
and ninety-three dollars, of which twelve thousand five hundred dollars are authorized to be applied to the purchase of a site and building a magazine for Washington arsenal.
For purchase of salıpetre and brimstone, forty thousand dol. Saltpetre and lars.
brimstone. For the purchase of gunpowder, one hundred thousand dol
For expenses of preparing drawings of a uniform system of Artillery drawartillery, one thousand dollars.
ings. For expenses of the mineral land service, including those Mineral land incurred since the first January, eighteen hundred and forty-service. six, thirty thousand dollars.
For surveys in reference to the military defences of the fron- Surveys. tier, inland and Atlantic, twenty thousand dollars.
For military and geographical surveys west of the Mississippi, thirty thousand dollars.
For continuing the surveys of the northern and northwest
er lakes, twenty-five thousand dollars. Appropriation Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the following sums tank and file of be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, to meet the expenthe army.
ditures which may be incurred under the acts passed during the present session “to authorize an increase of the rank and file of the ariny, and to provide for raising a regiment of mounted viflemen," viz:
For par, eight hundred and fourteen thousand five hundred
and twelve dollars. Officers sub
For coinmutation of officers' subsistence, twelve thousand
seven hundred and seventy-five dollars. Officers forage.
For commutation of forage for officers' horses, eight thousand
one hundred and sixty dollars. Payments in For payments in lieu of clothing to officers' servants, one lieu of clothing, thousand one hundred and ten dollars. Subsistence. For subsistence in kind, four hundred and eighly-seven thou
sand four hundred and forty-two dollars. Recruiting. For expenses of recruiting, seventy-nine thousand six hun.
dred dollars. Clothing, equip For clothing, camp, garrison, and horse equipage, two hun
dred and eighty-four thousand one hundred and seventy-five
dollars. Regular sup For the regular supplies of the quartermaster's department, plies of Quartermaster's de. consisting of fuel, forage, straw, &c., one hundred and thirteen partment. thousand dollars. Incidental er
For the incidental expenses of the quartermaster's departpermester Pude: ment, consisting of expenses of courts martial and courts of inpartment. quiry, extra pay to soldiers, purchase of horses for dragoons,
&c., ninety-three thousand five hundred dollars. Transportation For transportation of troops and supplies for the army, three and supplies. hundred and twenty-two thousand dollars.
Medical and For the medical and hospital department, twenty thousand
hospital depart. dollars.
Approved, August 8, 1846.
CHAP. 96.--AN ACT making appropriations for the support of the Military
Academy for the year ending on the thirtieth June, eighteen hundred and forty seven.
[Sec. 1.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of Americu in Congress assembled, That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated out of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, for the support of the Military Academy for the year ending on the thirtieth June, eighteen hundred and forty-seven.
For pay of officers, instructors, cadets, and musicians, seventy- Pay. eight thousand nine hundred dollars.
For commutation of subsistence, five thousand two hundred Subsistence. and fifty-six dollars.
For commutation of forage for officers' horses, two thousand Forago.' four hundred dollars.
For clothing for their servants, four hundred and twenty dol- Clothing. lars.
For repairs and improvements, fuel, and apparatus, forage for Incidental and public horses and oxen, stationery, printing, and other inciden- contingent ex. tal and contingent expenses, twenty thousand dollars.
For completing the barracks for cadets, fifteen thousand dol. Barracks. lars.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the President be au- Board of Vis. thorized to appoint a board of visiters, to attend the annual examination of the Military Academy, whose duty it shall be to report to the Secretary of War, for ihe information of Congress, at the commencement of the next succeeding session, the actual state of the discipline, instruction, police administration, fiscal affairs, and other concerns of the institution : Provided, That the whole number of visiters each year shall not exceed the half of the number of States in the Union; and that they shall How selected. be selected, alternately, from every second State, each member being a bona fide resident citizen of the State from which he shall be appointed; that not less than six members shall be taken from among officers actually serving in the militia ; and that a second member shall not be taken from any Congressional district, until every other district in the State shall have supplied a member: Provided, further, That no compensation shall be Compensation. made to said members beyond the payment of their expenses for board and lodging while at the Military Academy, and an allowance not to exceed eight cents per mile, for travelling by the shortest mail route from iheir respective homes to the academy, and back to their homes. And the sum of two thousand dollars is hereby appropriated to defray the expenses of said board of visiters at the next annual examination.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the teacher of draw. Teachers. ing and the first teacher of French at the Military Academy shall hereafter be, respectively, professor of drawing and professor of the French language.
Approved, August 8, 1846.
CHAP. 97 -AN ACT supplementary to the act passed on the twentieth day of
February, eighteen hundred and forty-six, entitled “An act to enlarge the powers of the several orphans' courts held in and for the District of Columbia.”
[Sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Senate and Flouse of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress as. Orphan childsembled, That every orphan or oiher infant to whom the or- ren may select
guardians in phans' courts of the District of Columbia are authorized and
empowered by the act to which this act is supplementary, or by any other law in force in the said district; or in either coun. ty thereof, to appoint a guardian, shall be entitled, on arriving at the age of fourteen years, or at any age between fourteen and twenty.one years, notwithstanding any appointment of
guardian before made by such courts, or either of them, to elect Proviso. a guardian for himself or herself: Provided, The orphans'
court within whose jurisdiction may be the person and residence of such orphan, or any property, real, personal, or mixed, to which such orphan is entitled, or where a gnardian had been duly appointed before, the court by which said former guardian
had been appointed approve the character and competency of Security to be the person so elected guardian: And provided, such orphans' given by guard-court shall and may require of the guardian, so elected, such
security, and exercise towards him all such jurisdiction and powers for compelling the faithful administration of his trust, as are provided in the said act or any other law in force as aforesaid, in the cases of guardians appointed hy the said court; and
if the said court, in the due exercise of such, its jurisdiction Supercedure. and powers, shall see fit to supercede and remove such guardian,
or if such guardian die, or become incompetent during the minority of such orphan, the said court shall forth with cite such orphan to appear and make a new election of guardian, which such orphan may do under the same conditions and restrictions as are hereinbefore prescribed in respect to the original election of guardian; and for the interval of time between the removal, death, or incompetency of the first elected guardian and the new election of another by such orphan, the said court may, if it deem it expedient, appoint a guardian ad interim until such new election be made ; taking such security of such guar. dian ad interim, and exercising over him such jurisdiction and
powers, as are or may be required and given in the cases of other Notice thereof. guardians: And provided further, That where a guardian is 10
be superceded by such election, he shall have notice of the ap
plication by summons or in writing. How complaint Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That if any surety of a of sureties shall be treated.
guardian, by petition to the court, before which he was bound, setting forth that he apprehends himself or herself to be in dan ger of suffering thereby, shall pray that he may be relieved, the said court, after a .suminons to answer the petition shall have been served upon the guardian, or a copy of such sumnions left at the place of bis usual abode, shall order him to give counter security for the complete indemnity of the original surely, or to deliver the ward's estate into the hands of the surety, or of some other person ; in either of which cases it shall take sufficient security of the person into whose hands the ward's estate shall be delivered as aforesaid ; and such court shall and may make such further and other order for the relief of the petitioner as to it shall seem just.
Approved, August 8, 1846.
CHAP. 38.-AN ACT to regulate the proceedings ip the Circuit and District
Courts of the United States, and for other purposes. [Sec. 1.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the circuit court of the United States for the Change of time southern district of New York shall hereafter be held on the for holding cirthird Monday in October, instead of the last Monday in No-S. for southern vember; and that all writs, pleas, suits, recognizances, indict district of New
York. ments, and all other proceedings, civil and criminal, shall be returnable to and have day in court, and shall be heard, tried, and proceeded with, by the said court, in the same manner as might and ought to have been done, if the court had been held at the time heretofore directed by law; and it is further provided, that the term of the circuit court appointed by law to be held on the last Monday in July in each year in said district, shall not hereafter be holden.
Sec. 2. And he it further enacted, That whenever the dis. May remit intrict attorney shall deem it necessary, it shall be lawful for any
dictments. circuit court, in session, by order entered on its minutes, to remit to the next term or session of the district court of the same district any indictment pending in the said circuit court, when the offence or offences therein charged may be cognizable by the said district court; and in like manner it shall be lawful for any district court to remit to the next term or session of the circuit court of the same district any indictment pending in the said district court; and such remission shall carry with it all recognizances, processes, and proceedings pending in the case in the court from which the remission is made, and the court 10 which such remission is made, shall, after the order of remission is filed therein, act and proceed in the case as if the indictment, and all other proceedings in the same had been originated in said court.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful Grand juries of for the grand juries empanelled and sworn in any district court may take cog. to take cognizance of all crimes and offences within the nizance
crimes within jurisdiction of the said circuit and district courts, and every in the jurisdiction dictment for a capital offence, presented to the district court, of the circuit &
. shall, by order eniered on the minutes of the court, be remitted to the next term and session of the circuit court, together with all recognizances taken therein; and on filing such order and indictment with the clerk of said circuit court, that court shall thereafter proceed thereupon the same as if the indictment had been originally found and presented in said court; and the said district court may moreover, in like manner, remit to the circuit court any indictment pending in said district court, when, in the opinion of the court, difficult and important questions of law are involved in the case; and the proceedings thereupon shall thereafter be the same in the circuit court as if such indictment had been originally found and presented therein. That flow smand je no grand jury shall hereafter be summoned to attend any cir-summoned. cuit or district court of the United States, unless the judge of