Imágenes de páginas

To rase out rotten opinion.-Unsound opinion. This seems to be a bad metaphor.

Which hath writ me down After my seeming. Which has written and fixed in the memory of the people. The memory is often compared to a book or tablet, in which things are written down.-The ancients had wooden tables, covered very thinly with wax, upon which they wrote with a pointed iron, called a style; whence comes the word style, or manner of writing. As we do not know how ideas are

are remembered, we are obliged to speak metaphorically when we describe the operations of memory; and it is a very natural metaphor to suppose the memory to be like a waxed tablet, upon which ideas might be engraved, and from which they might be easily effaced.

We speak of warm images melting into the soul--of ideas melting away from the memory :

" Where beams of warm imagination play, The memory's soft figures melt away."


Though my tide of blood Hath proudly flow'd in vanity till now, Now doth it turn and ebb back to the sea, Where it shall mingle with the foods of state, And low henceforth in formal majesty;"

Though the tide of my blood hath flowed proudly hitherto, it now begins to ebh; and, instead of departing farther from the great sea of public duty, it will henceforth return, and mingle with the great ocean of state concerns; and when it again Hows,' it shall flow majestically.”.

This is a bold metaphor; that is to say, a metaphor which goes' farther beyond than the degree of resemblance that is usual in metaphors. The blood flows from the heart, and returns; the waves flow from the sea, aud ebb from the shore to the sea again : so far there is an analogy between the waves and the blood; but the poet' goes beyond this analogy, and says, the tide of blood flowing proudly from the sea of majesty, had, during it's vigorous course, forgotten the dignity of it's origin; but now it ebbs, and, turning back to the sea, mixes again with the ocean of majesry, from which it shall hereafter flow with becoming dignity.


Mingle with the floods of state-might perhaps have some remote allusion to the meeting of the parliament of the states, or estates, as they are sometimes called; in which meeting of all the streams of power the true majesty of the english government consists. - In the next sentence Henry speaks of calle ing the parliament.

“ Now call we our high court of parliament,
And let us choosė such limbs of noble council,
That the great body of our state may go
In equal rank with the best govern'd nation;
That war, or peace, or both at once, may be
As things acquainted and familiar to us,
In which you, father, shall have foremost handa

[To Lord Chief Justice.),
Our coronation done, we will accite
(As I before remember'd) all our state;
And (Heav'n consigning to my good intents)
No prince, nor peer, shall have just cause to say,
Heav'n shorten Harry's happy life one day!"


« Now we will call our high court of parliament, and we will choose such counsellors as shall, like limbs, support the state, and carry it forward in equal progress with the best gaverned'nation; so that war, or peace, or both at once, may become familiar to my people; among which counsellors,


you, revered sir, (speaking to the chief justice) shall , be one of the foremost.– As soon our coronation is over, we will call this par. liament, as I have already said, and (with the favour of Heaven), no prince, or peer, shall have just cause to pray to Heaven to shorten their king Henry's happy life.”

Now call we.- Kings say weinstead of 1, because they represent their whole kingdoms.

High court.-- Court properly means the building or place where any solemn assembly is held, and is metaphorically used for the assembly itself.

As things acquainted and familiar to us.-- -The construction of this line is faulty : acquainted to is not usual'; we say, acquainted with.

Have foremost hand.-To have a hand in any thing is a familiar expression ; to have a foremost hand is a metaphor naturally arising. from this phrase.

Accite.-Call together.
Before remember'd. Mentioned before.
Heaven consigning.-Consenting to.

Through the whole of this latter part of Honry's speech, he unfolds what he intended at the commencement of his reign. : In 'a former part of the play, his father advises him to keep the minds of his people busy, lest they

should examine too nicely into his title to the crown.

Henry, in pursuance of his counsel, bad determined to make war in France ; and, to obtain the good-will of his people, he cast off Falstaff, and his former idle companions, and assures his brothers and the nobility, that he will assume the state and policy of a king; and he takes the best and earliest opportunity of giving a proof of his sincerity, by honouring the chief justice, and promising to follow his counsel. This was. particularly •suited to his design of going abroad; for the <hief justice of the king's bench was usually, in those times, regent for governor). of the kingdom, during the king's absence.


Printed by H. Bryer, Bridewall Hospital, Bridge Streeti.

« AnteriorContinuar »