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in Philadelphia in 1806. It was edited by John Watts, and printed by S. F. Bradford. Another edition by the same printer was issued under like date, wholly in Greek.

Two volumes of the Greek Testament in octavo, covering in all 890 pages, were published in 1809, at Cambridge, dedicated to the President and Fellows of Harvard College. The text is after Griesbach, though a selection is given of various readings. There are also observations by W. Wells and W. Hilliard.

Isaiah Thomas, Jr., issued another edition of the Greek Testament in 1814, but the place of printing was Boston, not Worcester.

The title-page differed from that of 1800 in the central ornament, which consists of two reclining figures supporting an open Bible, with a Greek motto from 1 Cor. xv. 22. The text is the same as in the first edition.

George Long, 71 Pearl Street, New York, published in 1821 a 12mo New Testament in Greek which followed the rendering of Leusden, covering 699 pages.

Rev. Abner Kneeland, a Universalist minister, edited the New Testament in Greek and Eng-` lish in 1822, William Fry of Philadelphia being the printer. In the same year the Testament solely in Greek was issued by the same editor. Kneeland went through varied experiences in his religious opinions. Beginning as a Baptist minister, he then became a Universalist, and ended as a Deist. While editor of the Investigator he was tried by the Supreme Court of Massachusetts for blasphemy.

In 1822 Oliver D. Cooke & Sons of Hartford, Conn., published a 12mo Greek Testament which was edited by Dr. P. Wilson of Columbia College, other issues appearing in 1825, 1827, and 1829. After this date various editions of Wilson's Testament were published in Philadelphia for a number of years.

In 1837 an important and since widely known edition of the Greek Testament in two volumes was issued in the United States, with the imprint of the following publishers: Boston: Perkins & Marvin; Philadelphia : Henry Per

kins. 1837. This Testament was edited by Rev. Dr. Bloomfield, and is a reprint of the second London edition. The scope and scholarship of the work are indicated by the title-page, where it is stated that the book contains “English notes, critical, philological, and exegetical, partly selected and arranged from the best commentators, ancient and modern, but chiefly original. The whole being specially adapted to the use of academical students, candidates for the sacred office, and Ministers, though also intended as a manual edition for the use of theological readers in general.” In the preface Dr. Bloomfield says, “The text has been formed after long and repeated examinations of the whole of the New Testament for that purpose solely, on the basis of the last edition of R. Stephens, adopted by Mill, whose text differs very slightly from, but is admitted to be preferable to, the common text, which originated in the Elzevir edition of 1624. From this there has been no deviation, except on the most preponderating evidence, critical conjecture

being wholly excluded, and such alterations only introduced as rest on the united authority of MSS., ancient versions and Fathers, and the early printed editions, but especially upon the invaluable Editio Princeps; and which had been already adopted in one or more of the critical editions of Bengel, Wetstein, Griesbach, Matthæi, and Scholz.” The American edition of Dr. Bloomfield's work also contains a preface by Professor Stuart of Andover Theological Seminary, dated Oct. 1, 1836. The two volumes include 1261 pages of printed matter.

This book went through many editions, some claiming as high as fourteen, but was finally superseded by other and better texts, especially those of Ellicott and Alford.

In 1838 an American reprint of the Polymicrian Greek Testament was issued in Philadelphia by Henry Perkins, Joseph P. Engles, A.M., being the editor. On one of the first pages of this book the words “ The New Testament” are printed in forty-eight different lan

guages, and on another page is the significant line, “ Earth speaks with many tongues, Heaven knows but one.” The honored and saintly Dr. W. A. Muhlenberg has said that he owed to Engles, the editor of this work, more of his success in life than to any other man. The Polymicrian Greek Testament was first published in England in 1829, with a lexicon prepared by William Greenfield. This lexicon was published in America in the year 1839, revised by Engles, and after that date was usually bound with the American reprint of the Polymicrian. Its editor, William Greenfield, began his business life in a bindery, and early displayed a marvellous aptitude for the acquisition of languages. His attainments were so great that he was employed by the British and Foreign Bible Society in editing the books they published in many tongues. Mr. Greenfield also edited Bagster's Comprehensive Bible, which was printed in England in 1827, and reprinted in Philadelphia in 1854, his brilliant career being cut short by death at the age of thirty-two.

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