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AT SEE INSTRUCTIONS AT THE BOTTOM.CO

S. S.

is now of years.

“A” Declaration for Original Invalid Pension. “A” STATE OF South Carolina, County of Williamsburg.

On this 16th day of June, 1. D. one thousand eight hundred and Gighty, personally appeared before me, g. 9. Steels, Clerk'; the same being a Court of Record of the County and Stato aforesaid, Robert Hanna, resident of

County of Williamsburg, State of l. C., who being by me duly sworn according to law, on his solemn oath, deposes as follows, to wit!

"I am the identical Robert Hanna who was enrolled on the.. day of dugust, 1861, in Company of the 18 Regʻt of South Gaiolina C. d. d. Vol's, commanded by Captain McCutchen, and I was honorably discharged at Lynchburg, Va., on the o day of Feb., 1866, and my age

While in the service aforesaid, and in the line of my duty, I received the following disability, to wit :

account of wound of sight arm uec'd Oct. 19, 1864, which caused the arm to be amputated ta shaulder, The wound breaks aut and does am

teriously dis. abled thereby

I was treated at Lynchburg hospital.

I have never been employed in the Military or Naval Service of the United States otherwise than set forth above. Since leaving the Service, I have resided at C. C., and my occupation has been atach herder, before my entry into the Service aforesaid I was of good, sound physical health, being at enrollment a farmet, and I am

much disabled from obtaining my subsistence by manual labor by reason of my disabilities above stated, received in the service of the United States, and I make this Declaration for the purpose of being placed on the Invalid Pension Roll of the United States. I bereby appoint and empower, with full power of substitution, NATHAN W. FITZGERALD, OF WASHINGTON CITY, D. C., my true and lawful Attorney to prosecute my claim. My Post Office address is Graham X Roads, County of Williamsburg, State of el. T.

Robert Hanna.
Bouis Jacobs,
Q. W. Arms.

o claim pension

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Attest: Two Witnesses.

(Claimant's Signature.)

This Declaration MUST be made before some Clerk of a Court of Rocord. If acknowledgod

before a Notary or Justice, it will be worthless.

CHAPTER XII.

Recent Outrages in the “Solid South.”

It is this organization (the Democratic) that has come back to rule and that means to rule,"

Hon. J. C. Blackburn, Ky.

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were

Political Assassination in the Assassination and Intimidation South-Ghastly Record of Twen- in 1878- The Massacres in ty Thousand 'Crimes—The way Louisiana-Five Men Hung in a . Solid. South” was secured. one lot for Attending a RepubThe country is familiar with many of the

lican Club

or Eighty most infamous occurrences in the South, dur

Colored Men Killed in one paring the period from the close of the war to the ish-Reducing Republican Malast Presidential election, in which it has been

jorities. shown by official investigation, that twenty thousand persons — mostly colored

It was supposed that the possession of abkilled, maimed, or cruelly beaten, for the solute power in the State, accompanied with purpose of intimidating them from the exer- the great powers of the executive and legislacise of their civil and political rights.

tive branches over local matters, would render

bulldozing unnecessary in Louisiana after the Democratic “excuse" for these crimes. accession of the Nicholls' administration. But

While the Demoratic party at the South, in the dominant party in the South was not willwhose service these crimes were committed, ing

that the Republicans of parishes, where claimed that this wholesale killing and whip- they were in overwhelming majority, should ping was necessary, the Northern wing denied fill any of the few elective offices to which their commission until denial, was no longer State Legislature, or in Congress, and the shot

they were entitled, nor be represented in the possible, and then “excused” them on the ground of the natural indisposition of the gun and whip were accordingly, in 1878, again respectáble people of the South to be outvoted brought into service. by sealawags, carpet-baggers" and niggers.”

Bulldozing In Point Coupee Parish. It was said that when the Democrats should get control of the Government of i all the The investigation made by the Senate ComSouthern States, all outrages would cease in mittee showed that nearly all the active Rethem and the colored people would be petted publican leaders in this parish were whipped like favorite children

or run off before the election ; that one col

ored man, in response to a demand 'to change 415093 The Solid South secured.

his politics, said he would rather die than The North, only partially understanding house and killed.

throw a Democratic ballot," was taken out of his the situation, because it was to the interest of Democratic politicians to misrepresent and

Five men hung to scare ncgroes. excuse it, at last became wearied of the

A number of colored men were accused of matter, and tacitly acquiesced in the verdict of the shot-gun, by withholding the support attending, Republican clubs, and the son of a that was necessary to maintain the laws of the Democratie candidate, said to have been shot

. Sonth was acknowledged as a necessity in either as to the firing or the meetings. But five black

There was no evidence of the truth of these reports, 1877, with the hope that the promised refor: men were seized, tried by lynch law; and although mation of its methods of intimidation would such juries never give the prisoner the benefit of a be accomplished.

doubt, as they are organized to convict, there were several of them who refused to concur in the sentence

of death; nevertheless the five unfortunates were The South on its honor.

hanged. The next morning.' says Randall McGowan, The South was on its honor. Its white rul- him what for? and he said Thomas Williams, a leader

• Mr. Lewis said there were five men hung. I asked ing class had no near danger to fear from the in the fourth ward, was about to organize

his club; votes and opposition of its few white Republi- that it was about time for us to go into the campaign; cans and many blacks. The question upper- and those boys appeared that night * most in the minds of the North was: How said they did these things to scare the negroes, so that they

might carry the election.'"-(Senate Report, 855, 1879, would the South use its newly-gained power? I page 19.]

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Tome ho arrest

Six men hung in Concordia Parish.

U. S. witnesses murdered. Armed bodies of men rode through the par- Two men who had witnessed the opening of ish, whipping and hanging enough to “scare the above massacre, were subpoenaed to attend the negroes.

The coroner testified that he the U. S. Court to certify in regard to it. On held inquests on the bodies of six men, who the 21st day of December, when, in obedience had been taken from their homes and hanged; to the

subpoenas, they took the steamer Dan

, hung and killed who were not thus officially when some distance below Caledonia, the recognized.

boat was run into the shore at an unusual

landing-place, and a gang of armed men came Wholesale murder in Tensas Parish.

on the boat and, under cover of a warrant in This parish was overrun by Ku-Klux parties, the hands of a negro constable named Jeff. often from adjoining parishes, as it was Cole, took the witnesses, White and Clark, necessary to wipe out its vote to save the from the boat. The warrant has date NovemCongressional district.

The following is benchmal andere was issued by me justice of the from the official record :

taken off of the boat in the manner part of the parish. On Saturday night, about 8 or 9 o'clock, a band of armed men, variously estimated at the language of the constable, who made an from twenty-five to thirty, went to the house of Fairfax. affidavit before the United States commisThey were under the command of one J. 8. Peck, who

sioner. He lived in the Congressional district, but not in the parish.

** A portion of the force remained in the road, and Peck (page 605): a point

near 8

Bayou, and a few others invaded the honse of Fairfax, who, on in the woods, he was met by a party of armed their entrance, fled out of the back door followed by men, masked and without coats or shoes, all the name of Singleton, who was in the house, was shot of whom were unknown to him, who told him by Peck; and as he lay on the floor several others shot to leave the road, which he did. He left the him also. He subsequently died. A man by the name prisoners with them, and does not know what became of of Branch crawled under the bed, but was pulled out them afterward.Nothing has been heard of these and shot through the arm and in the back. He was

men since that time.-[Ib., pp. 9, 10.] before the committee, and will be a cripple for life. One Kennedy, who ran to the window, was shot from

The effect on the vote. the outside by buckshot, and dangerously wounded. Several women in the house made their escape. It In Caddo parish, where the Republican maappears that when the Aring began in the house the men outside fired into the house through the windows. jority vote had been over three thousand, the Peck, during the excitement that followed, went out of yote was, under these circumstances, only 279. the house, and was killed, as near as can be ascertained There was a similar reduction in the other on the gallery, by his own men who wero firing in the bulldozed parishes. house." Senate Report, 1855, p. 14.] Five hundred Ku-Klux-Seventy to eighty colored men killed.

PART III. “ It was in evidence before the committee that not less than 100 armed white

men came into Tensas parish Outrages During 1880-Intimifrom Franklin, Catahoula, Concordia, and other par. dation in Alabama-Even White ishes between the 12th of October and election day. In addition to these, a company came from Mississippi, Opposition to Democracy not bringing with them a cannon ; but that company ap

to be Tolerated.-- Greenback pears not to have been guilty of any outrages.

“ While those armed bodies were raiding the parish, Speakers Subjected to Violence the colored people were greatly excited, and very many fled to the woods. One witness swore that four men -Republican Meetings Broken from his plantation died from exposure in the swampe, up-Masked Men and Ku-Klux and that all the colored labor was for a time almost useless to the planters. It is impossible to say how many colored Outrages in Georgia- Violence people lost their lives through this campaign. One witness

and Bloodshed in Mississippi. gave the names of fifteen killod and two wounded; and this list did not include those who died from exposure; nor does it include the killed in the adjoining parist. ally stopped publishing the details of out

The newspapers of the South have generOne witness swears that he thinks seventy to eighty rages on the colored people, and the suppreswere killed."-{P. 16, same report.)

sion of public meetings, and the news of Tho Caledonia massacre.

what is going on in that section mainly

dribbles through the chance statements of At Caledonia, Caddo parish, the colored persons from there, and letters from individpeople turned out largely in spite of the pre- uals to friends or papers in the North, vious bulldozing in the parish. On the pretense that there were arms stored in a house Suppression of public meetings in Alanear, Lelonging to a colored man who was

bama, distributing tickets at the polls, an attack was The first Republican meeting in Montmade on the house when no one was in it but gomery, Alabama, to ratify the nomination the man's wife and daughter. A general at- of Garfield and Authur was broken up by a tack was then made on the colored people, and mob. Afterwards another meeting was called during the day and night twenty colored peo- for June 26, at which Ex-Senator Warner, Exple were killed-no wounded and no prisoners. No Governor Parsons, and other distinguished whites killed. Yet it was called the “quelling gentlemen were to speak. General Warner of a desperate riot."

writes of it as follows:

" While General Burke was speaking the hooting crats, several with open knives and large sticks in and howling began, and the following speeches of their hands, came up and immediately began to interMessrs. Parsons and Reid, and the reading of the rupt me, so that I could scarcely utter two sentences resolutions were rendered inaudible to nine-tenths without interruption. I remonstrated, assuring thein of the people present, and by the most vociferous that they were injuring their own cause by such a howling and yelling. Eggs were also thrown but course, and distinctly announcing to them that failed to reach the stand. The Democratic Sherifr I did not desire to array one race against the other, of the county mounted the stand and appealed to but simply to break down the white line race his Democratic friends to desist, but his appeal had issue raised by the Democratic party.

And yet, Little effect,"

while reading a letter, published on the 14th

August, 1879, in the Eutaw Whig (Democratic paper), Greenbackers mobbed.

I was stopped, forbidden by them to read said letter, and

cursed and abused repeatedly in the vilest terms. And Gen. Weaver, greenback candidate for

one of their party declared that they were all Demothe presidency, who made several speeches in crats, and that I should not abuse the Democratic Alabama before the election, on his return party. The accuracy of this statement is admitted by was interviewed by a reporter at Wheeling, lished here, on July 20, 1880. But this is not all

.

the Eutaw Mirror, another Democratic paper, pubwith this result:

They cursed my little seven-year-old boy, who stood dumb "He (Gen. Weaver) said that in the stories of bull. with fright before them. Moreover, I was obliged to dedozing and frauds in elections in the South the half has sist in my effort to speak, and was assured by Mr. not been told. He says that General West, of Missis. Horton, an aged gentleman, that I was in great persippi, told him at Selma that if General Hancock were

sonal danger, and but for his protection, I am fnlly dected such an impetus would be given to the spirit of halred satisfied that I should have sustained serious, if not and intolerance for Republicans in the South, that he (West) fatal, injury. The aforesaid newspaper, the

Mirror,

•That which did not believe he could live in Mississippi a day. A week in commenting on the affair, says: before General Weaver spoko at Montgomery a Repub- seems to have given most offense, was a statement lican meeting had been broken up by a mob, and after Mr. Bird is said to have made, to the effect that the the speakers, one of whom was General Burke, Collector Democrats lay in the shade all the year, and then of Customs at Mobile, had been

driven from the stand,

cheated the negroes out of all they made.' Thereupon the Democratic Solicitor of Montgomery mounted it the editor indites a long leader, calculated to inflame and shouted: 6-4 d-n them, they can out-vote us, but the passions of men. But the charge against me is a we will cmint them out every time. This information

miserable untruth. I simply read from the Eutaw

Whig the following sentence: • The effort seems to General Weaver had on unimpeachable testimony."

have been, with every recent Legislature, to so perOrdered out of town.

fect the laws touching agriculture, that the monied

man could shut his eyes and sleep the year out, and Hon. J. H. Randall, who had a number of then gobble up all the laborers made." appointments in the State, had some of his

Horrible Ku-Kluxing in Georgia-Boy and meetings broken up by mobs, and was him

girl killed. self threatened with death if he did not ļeave

A letter from Atlanta, Georgia, under date town. The following note was served on him at Shubuta, a small town on the Mississippi of a recent case of Ku-Kluxing in that State :

of July 31, 1880, gives the following account line. We quote from Mr. Randall's statement in the National View :

“ About a year ago Joe Thompson, an aged and de

crepit negro, was, with his family, employed in Fay“We took the note, written on a leaf torn from a ette County, Ga., on the cotton plantation of John pocket memorandum, and read as follows:

Gray. Thompson's son, a negro of sixteen years, was “ AUGUST -, 1880.

accused by his employer of the theft of a plow, and "DEAR SIB–We will give you and your pard thirty- Gray, disregarding the ordinary and slow forms of jusfive minutes to pick up your duds and git out of this tice, one day administered a horrible whipping to him town. Yours to death,

in the fields. Thompson had Gray arrested on a charge "THE BOYS OF SHUBUTA.”

of assault and battery, and so strong was the testi"Do you mean to tell me that an American law-abid- |mony against him, and so conclusive the evidence ing citizen on the way to attend to his business can not that the young negro was innocent of the theft, that stay in this town to take the first train of cars going Gray was found guilty, even before a Georgia jury, South ?"

and a fine of one hundred dollars was imposed upon M. B.-D.-" We know you, and you can't stay. You this castigator: Gray now threatened Thompson and must to ext

his family with death, and the poor negro was, with order ?

his family, forced to leave Kis unharvested crop and M. B.-D.—"The Boys of Shubuta. “Your time is pass. flee to an adjoining county. He settled on a planta'ng. Yon'd better got right along, or you'll catch hell.

tion two miles from Jonesboro', in Clayton county, * You don't mean that they will lay rough hands on

and up to night before last lived there unmolested, me, a peaceable citizen ?"

winning for himself in the community a reputation M. B.-D.--"You'd better get out of here while you have a

for honesty and industry. In the above facts, an outchance."

of all those that have Mr. Randall also says, writing of Alabama: occurred in the South since the emancipation.

*** In a rude log cabin, about twelve feet sqnare, night "God help this country, if it cannot

be rescued
from before last, Joo Thompson and his

family—wife, their bulldozing and domineering sway! One of the citizens of Butler, a peaceable man, expressed an opin themselves together for a night's rest. About mid

son, married daughter and her two children-huddled ion against voting for

tho Sheriff, the present incum: night the inmates of the rude cabin were startled from bent, and a Democrat, when that gentleman and another their

sleep by the crashing in of the door. A score of attacked him, and gave him such a pounding as has tendered him unfit for business for several days.

armed men, with painted faces, hideous in disguise, bear.

ing torches made of rags, saturated with kerosene, yelling Speaker silenced for referring to the in- aged father by arms and legs, threatening: 6-4d

like demons, thronged into the door. Four seized the famous lien laws.

you, we came here to give you a good thrashing.' and

bore him towards the door; four others seized the son. Hon. Winfield S. Bird, of Green County, The daughter, sleeping between her two children, raised up Alabama, Chairman of the Republican Com- in bed, but a bullet went crashing through her skull, and mittee of the Sixth Congressional District, she fell back a corpse, her warm blood spurting out in the writes to the Cincinnatti Commercial :

faces of her innocent children. Meanwhile the father,

ignorant of his daughter's death, had been borne out u On the 10th day of July, I went to the town of of doors into the field. Four men swung him from the Pleasant Ridge, in this county, to make a Republican ground by arms and legs, while a fifth administered the speech. Soon after I began a crowd of white Demo- l lash upon his face and body, lacerating him terribly. Near

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ouest her selves, is found

one of the most hormon y cause for a second

by four others of the fiends held his son, while a similar | was in the Democratic procession, and A. P. Pea barbarous torture was inflicted upon him, until finally, in son, Greenback candidate for Sheriff, which resulted his thirst for blood, one of the midnight assassins put a in Pearson shooting Spearman, killing him instantly. bullet through the young negro's body from side to side. This was the signal for a general melee, and a volley of Their hearts were still insatiate for blood. They re- shots was opened on Pearson who received three entered the house, dragged Joe Thompson's aged and wounds, from the effects of which he died last night. unoffending wife from her bed, and inflicted upon her a Two of Pearson's friends-Kelly and Reddick-were whipping no less brutal than that which they had just wounded." inflicted upon father and son. Yelling and waving their torchos aloft, the assassins then departed, mark

A dreadful Mississippi plot. ing the path of their return by firing into a neighboring negro's house on their way."

A correspondent of the Memphis Appeal, of

August 9, 1880, says there is a plot forming Another case of Ku-Kluxing-A brave man among the Republicans of Mississippi to outdefends himself,

vote the Democrats, and remarks: The following dispatch, published in all the “Such is the plan of the Radical managers, and they papers of August 28, 1880, tells of the unusual have hope, in fact they have assurances, that Southern ending of a Ku-Klux outrage by the death of Democrats will co-operate with them, in the garb, dress two of the outlaws.

and paraphernalia of that political ignus fatuus, the

National party, of which DENIS KEARNEY is the leader, “ATLANTA, Ga., Aug. 27.-On Wednesday night near the brains and capital. Awake ! LET THE · MISSISCochran, Ga., four young white men disguised them. SIPPI PLAN' BE RESTORED * * * Mississippi has selves, went to a negro cabin, broke down the door and been assigned the duty of supplying two of the numcommenced firing into it. The occupant, J. Brown, bers required to reduce and destroy a Democratic maseized his doublo barrelled gun, which was loaded jority in Congress. Will you submit? Can you stand with buckshot, and fired both barrels, killing two idly, supinely, and witnes the consummation of a brothers named Dykes. The tops of their heads were gigantic conspiracy, in conception deeper and more blown off. The negro made his escape. The coroner's poignant than the fraud of 1876 ? No—thousand jury rendered a verdict of justifiable homicide." times, no. Then awake, STIR UP YOUR CLUBS, LET

THE SHOUT GO UP. PUT ON YOUR RED SHIRTS A Mississippi election rlot-Greenbackers and let the ride begin, or we will be sold into a politi. killed.

cal slavery, as was JOSEPH, without Divine favor to

restore us to our heritage." A dispatch from Memphis, Tennessee, Aug. 22, 1880, shows that those who leave the Demo

The state of reconcilation, cratic party to form a new opposition, have no Similar occurrences and sentiments are rebetter showing than the old Republicans;

ported from Texas, Tennessee, South Carolina " A special election is to be held next Tuesday to fill and other Southern states, which show very a contest at the last general election. The Democrats little difference in the public feeling and pracand Greenbackers have each a ticket in the field. Both tice in the South under a state of reconciliaparties held a ratification meeting at Coffeeville on tion" from what it was in the days of “exasSaturday. Each raised a pole. The Democrats had a poration,” when the authority of the Governbrass band from Grenada, and after the pole raising marched through the streets. While passing a corner ment was exerted to protect the freedman at a difficulty occurred between one spearman, who | the polls.

CHAPTER XIII.

Peonage in the South.

PART I.

Specimen Louisiana laws.

Chapter 11, Statutes of 1865, imposed heavy Legislation of 1865-8-Slavery penalties for going on a plantation without the succeeded by Peonage-The permission of the owner. Chapter 12 authore

ized justices of the peace to require any one Slave Code re-enacted--Congress charged with vagrancy to give a bond for one obliged to set aside all the State year. In case of his inability

to do this, his

services were sold for one year. If a laborer beLaws oppressing Freedmen. camo dissatisfied with his employer, the latter

would have him apprehended as a vagrant, and After the close of the war the first legisla- buy his time at a nominal sum, and acquire with tures which were chosen in the Southern States the purpose the right to retain him by force. under the proclamation of President Johnson, Chapter 20 imposed heavy penalties on any admitting rebels generally to the polls, estab- one employing a laborer previously engaged lished codes of inhuman laws for the purpose by some one else. Chapter 16 forbade ** any of keeping the freedmen in a state of peonage, one to feed or harbor any person who leaves which only differed in a single respect from his employer without permission.' By this the state of slavery from which they had been system of law, and similar ones were enacted delivered. They could not be sold or owned in all the Southern States, it was sought to for life by private individuals, but they were keep the freedmen from seeking higher wages put on the chain gang for trivial offenses, or away from home, and to compel them to concontracted to the planters for months, and had traot for a year ahead at a season when there no interest in the earnings of their labor. was the least demand for their labor,

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