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those settlers who now occupy and have improved tracts of land known may purchase and described as the east half of the northeast quarter and the south- same. west quarter of the northeast quarter of section twenty-nine, in town- (16 Stat. L., 53). 1869, Res. No. 9 ship twelve, of range twenty-three east, of the sixth principal meridian; 1881, March 1, the south half of the southwest quarter of section five; the south half ch. 97. of the southwest quarter, the north half of the southwest quarter, and the northwest quarter of section eight, in township thirteen of range twenty-two east, of the sixth principal meridian; all located in the State of Kansas, within the boundaries of the tract ceded to the Shawnees by the treaty proclaimed on the second November, eighteen hundred and fifty-four. [January 11, 1875.]
NOTE.-(1) The resolution referred to in this act is as follows:
"Resolved, &c., That each bona fide settler now occupying said lands and having made improvements thereon, or the heirs at law of such, who is a citizen of the United States, or who has declared his intention to become such, shall be entitled to purchase the land so occupied and improved by him, not to exceed one hundred and sixty acres in each case, at the price of two dollars and fifty cents per acre, under such rules and regulations as the Secretary of the Interior shall prescribe:
"Provided, however, That the proceeds of said sales shall be applied in accordance with the provisions [of the treaty] between the United States and the said Shawnee Indians, proclaimed November second, anno Domini eighteen hundred and fifty-four."
Silver coins to be
tional currency re
[SECTION 1], That the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized and required, as rapidly as practicable, to cause to be coined at the mints issued and fracof the United States, silver coins of the denominations of ten, twenty- deemed. five, and fifty cents, of standard value, and to issue them in redemption R. S., §§ 3513of an equal number and amount of fractional currency of similar denom- 3517, 3572. inations, or, at his discretion, he may issue such silver coins through the mints, the subtreasuries, public depositaries, and post-offices of the United States; and, upon such issue, he is hereby authorized and required to redeem an equal amount of such fractional currency, until the whole amount of such fractional currency outstanding shall be redeemed. SEC. 2. That so much of section three thousand five hundred and Charge for cointwenty-four of the Revised Statutes of the United States as provides ing gold repealed. for a charge of one-fifth of one per centum for converting standard gold bullion into coin is hereby repealed, and hereafter no charge shall be made for that service.
R. S., § 3524.
SEC. 3. That section five thousand one hundred and seventy-seven of Aggregate circuthe Revised Statutes of the United States, limiting the aggregate lation of national amount of circulating-notes of national banking-associations, be, and banks not limited; is hereby, repealed; and each existing banking-association may increase R. S., § 5177repealing. its circulating-notes in accordance with existing law without respect to 5180. said aggregate limit; and new banking-associations may be organized 1874, June 20, in accordance with existing law without respect to said aggregate limit; ch. 343, 997–9. and the provisions of law for the withdrawal and redistribution of national-bank currency among the several States and Territories are hereby repealed.
[Rep.] [And whenever, and so often, as circulating-notes shall be is- United States sued to any such banking-association, so increasing its capital or circu- notes in excess of lating-notes, or so newly organized as aforesaid, it shall be the duty of three hundred million to be withthe Secretary of the Treasury to redeem the legal-tender United States
drawn as bank cir- notes in excess only of three hundred million of dollars, to the amount culation increases. of eighty per centum of the sum of national-bank notes so issued to any R. S., § 3582. such banking-association as aforesaid, and to continue such redemption as such circulating-notes are issued until there shall be outstanding the sum of three hundred million dollars of such legal-tender United States notes, and no more.]
1874, June 20, ch. 343, § 6.
Repealed by 1878, May 31, ch. 146. Resumption of specie payment for legal-tender notes January 1, 1879.
Sale of bonds to
provide for re-
15 Opin. Att'yGen., 359.
And on and after the first day of January, anno Domini eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, the Secretary of the Treasury shall redeem, in coin, the United States legal tender notes then outstanding on their presentation for redemption, at the office of the assistant treasurer of the United States in the city of New York, in sums of not less than fifty dollars.
And to enable the Secretary of the Treasury to prepare and provide for the redemption in this act authorized or required, he is authorized to use any surplus revenues, from time to time, in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and to issue, sell, and dispose of, at not less than par, in coin, either of the descriptions of bonds of the United States described in the act of Congress approved July fourteenth, eighteen hundred and seventy, entitled, "An act to authorize the refunding of the national debt," with like qualities, privileges, and exemptions, to the extent necessary to carry this act into full effect, and to use the proceeds thereof for the purposes aforesaid.
And all provisions of laws inconsistent with the provisions of this act are hereby repealed. [January 14, 1875.]
Jan. 18, 1875. 18 Stat. L.,
AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE NAVAL SERVICE FOR THE YEAR ENDING
Expenses of officers of Navy traveling under orders not to be paid unless approved by Secretary, &c.
Expenses of offi- That no allowance shall be made in the settlement of any account for cers of Navy trav- travelling expenses unless the same be incurred for travelling expenses eling under orders not to be paid un[of officers travelling under orders] unless the same be incurred on the less approved by order of the Secretary of the Navy, or the allowance be approved by Secretary, &c. [January 18, 1875.]
Jan. 19, 1875.
18 Stat. L., 302.
Limit of circula
R. S., § 5185.
AN ACT TO REMOVE THE LIMITATION RESTRICTING THE CIRCULATION OF BANKING-
Limit of circulation of banks issuing gold notes repealed.
Be it enacted, &c., That so much of section five thousand one hundred tion of banks issu- and eighty-five of the Revised Statutes of the United States as limits ing gold notes re- the circulation of banking-associations, organized for the purpose of ispealed. suing notes payable in gold, severally to one million dollars, be, and the same is hereby, repealed; and each of such existing banking-associations may increase its circulating-notes, and new banking-associations may be organized, in accordance with existing law, without respect to such limitation. [January 19, 1875.]
AN ACT DECLARATORY OF THE ACT ENTITLED "AN ACT TO AMEND THE CUSTOMS-
EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-FOUR.
Judges and district attorneys not liable to penalty for discontinuing, &c., proceedings to obtain testimony of accomplices in crimes.
Jan. 22, 1875.
18 Stat. L., 303.
Be it enacted, &c., That nothing in the nineteenth section of the act Judges and disentitled "An act to amend the customs-revenue laws, and to repeal trict attorneys not moieties," approved June twenty-second, eighteen hundred and seventy- for discontinuing, liable to penalty four, shall be construed to affect any authority, power, or right which &c., proceedings to might theretofore have been lawfully exercised by any court, judge, or obtain testimony district attorney of the United States to obtain the testimony of an ac- of accomplices in complice in any crime against, or fraud upon the customs-revenue laws, R. S., § 5292. on any trial or proceeding for a fine, penalty, or forfeiture under said 1874, June 22, laws, by a discontinuance or dismissal, or by an engagement to discon- ch. 391, § 19. tinue or dismiss any proceedings against such accomplice. [January 22, 1875.]
AN ACT AUTHORIZING THE COMMISSIONER OF THE GENERAL LAND OFFICE TO GRANT
Part of land of Fort Yuma (Arizona) reservation to be patented to town of Yuma.
Jan. 28, 1875.
18 Stat. L., 303.
Part of land of
Be it enacted, &c., That the Commissioner of the General Land Office be, and he is hereby, authorized to include, under the patent for the Fort Yuma (Aritown-site of the town of Yuma, county of Yuma, and Territory of Ari- zona) reservation zona, that part of the Fort Yuma military reservation (not exceeding town of Yuma. to be patented to ten acres of land in all,) restored to the public domain under the act of 1874, June 22, Congress entitled "An act authorizing the Secretary of War to relin. ch. 415. quish and turn over to the Interior Department such parts of certain reservations in the Territory of Arizona as may be no longer required for military purposes," approved June twenty-second, eighteen hundred and seventy-four. [January 28, 1875.]
AN ACT TO CONSTITUTE PATCHOGUE ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF LONG ISLAND, IN THE STATE
Patchogue, Long Island, N. Y., to be a port of | Surveyor to be appointed, who may enroll, &c.,
Jan. 29, 1875.
18 Stat. L., 304.
Patchogue, Long Island, N. Y., to be port of delivery. R. S., § 2535, par.
Be it enacted, &c., That the village of Patchogue, on the south side of Long Island, State of New York, shall be, and the same is hereby, made a port of delivery within the collection district of the port of New York, a and shall be subject to the same regulations as other ports of delivery 2. in the United States;
That a surveyor be appointed by the President, with the advice and Surveyor to be consent of the Senate, to reside at the said port of Patchogue, who shall appointed, who have the power to enroll and license vessels to be employed in the coast. may enroll vessels, ing trade and fisheries, under such regulations as the Secretary of the R. S., § 2536, par. Treasury may deem necessary, and who shall give the usual bond, per- 2. form the usual duties in the manner prescribed, and receive the fees he may be entitled to by law as allowed to surveyors for the same duties, and no more. [January 29, 1875.]
R. S., § 4320.
Jan. 30, 1875. 18 Stat. L., 304.
Stat. L., 616).
AN ACT FOR THE RELIEF OF CERTAIN OFFICERS OF THE NAVY WHO WERE DROPPED,
Difference of pay given to certain officers of Navy dropped, &c., and afterward promoted and restored. Difference of pay Be it enacted, &c., That all officers now in the Navy, and the widows given to certain or heirs of those who have died while attached to the Navy, including officers of Navy the widow of Captain Elisha Peck relieved by special act of March three, dropped, &c., and afterward pro- eighteen hundred and seventy-three, who were dropped, furloughed, or moted and re- retired under the act of February twenty-eighth, eighteen hundred and fifty-five, and who were afterward promoted and restored to the active 1855, ch. 127 (10 list of the Navy, under the operations of the act of January sixteenth, 1857, ch. 12 (11 eighteen hundred and fifty-seven, or by the President under the operaStat. L., 153). tion of subsequent laws, shall be entitled to receive out of any money in 1873, ch. 465 (17 the Treasury not otherwise appropriated the difference between the pay Stat. L., 791). R. S., $5 1457, respectively received by them and the pay at that time designated by law for officers on the active list of the rank to which they were respectively promoted, for and during the time they were affected by the operation of the said acts of February twenty-eighth, eighteen hundred and fifty-five, and January sixteenth, eighteen hundred and fifty-seven. [January 30, 1875.]
1461, 1593, 1594.
AN ACT TO GRANT TITLE TO CERTAIN LANDS IN THE TERRITORY OF ARIZONA.
Feb. 5, 1875. 18 Stat. L., 305.
Citizen of United
lands in Santa
1. Claims of to be filed within one year. Reservations and grants not affected by act.
2. Claims to be surveyed and patents issued.
3. Lands occupied for twenty years to be open to settlement.
Prior right of occupants for less time.
Whereas, certain lands in Santa Cruz Valley, county of Pima, and TerStates of Mexican ritory of Arizona, have for many years been occupied and possessed by perbirth occupying sons of Mexican birth, who became citizens of the United States under the Cruz Valley, Ari- treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and the Gadsden treaty; and whereas the said persons desire to secure patents for said lands in the small and irreguTreaties (9 Stat. lar tracts in which they were originally taken up under Mexican authority, L., 922; 10 Stat. and have been held and cultivated to the present time, and they cannot do so L., 1031). under the existing land laws of the United States; Therefore,
to have release
Be it enacted, &c.
[SECTION 1], That all the right and title of the United States to the of title to lands oc- land embraced in sections two, eleven, and fourteen, and the east half cupied by them, of sections three, ten and fifteen of township fourteen south, range thirupon proof of facts to be determined teen east, Gila and Salt River meridian, in the county of Pima, Territory by register and re- of Arizona, be, and the same are hereby, relinquished and granted to the person or persons who have been in the actual bona-fide occupancy or possession of said land, by themselves or their ancestors or grantors for twenty years next preceding the date of the passage of this act;
- claims to be filed
within one year.
And it shall be the duty of the register and the receiver of the United States land-office for the district in which said land lies, to hear and determine, subject to the approval of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, the rights of the parties claiming under this act; and for that purpose the said register and the said receiver shall have power to summon witnesses, administer oaths, and take testimony relative to such occupancy or possession:
Provided, That no claim as aforesaid shall be of any validity under this act unless it shall have been duly filed with the said register and the said receiver within one year after the passage of this act :
And provided further, That this grant shall not extend to any reser- Reservations vation of the United States, nor prejudice any valid adverse right or and grants not af claim, if such exist, to said land, or any part thereof, nor preclude a ju- fected by act. dicial examination and adjustment thereof.
SEC. 2. That whenever it shall have been determined by the said regis- Claims to be surter and the said receiver, or on appeal by the Commissioner of the Gen- veyed and patents eral Land Office or Secretary of the Interior that any tract has been ocissued. cupied as aforesaid, it shall be the duty of the surveyor-general for said Territory to cause the said claims to be surveyed in accordance with the lines of such occupancy, and to furnish approved plats of the same, upon the receipt and approval of which said plats, and the field-notes thereof by the Commissioner of the General Land Office, patents shall issue as in other cases.
Lands not occu
SEC. 3. That any part or parts of said designated lands that are not shown, to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of the General Land pied for twenty Office, to have been so occupied for twenty years, shall be held by him years to be open as open to settlement under the provisions of the preemption or homestead laws of the United States, and patents may be issued therefor for any number of acres not exceeding one hundred and sixty that parties complying with said legal provisions may desire to hold: Provided, That all existing occupants who have settled on said lands Prior right of ocwithin a period of less than twenty years shall have the prior right to cupants for less acquire the same under the homestead laws of the United States. [February 5, 1875.]
AN ACT GRANTING THE RIGHT OF WAY AND DEPOT-GROUNDS TO THE OREGON CEN-
Be it enacted, &c. [SECTION 1], That for the purpose of aiding in the construction of a railway and telegraph-line from a point at or near Winnemucca, on the Central Pacific Railroad, in the State of Nevada; thence northwesterly to and across Goose Lake Valley, and by way of Sprague River Valley, to the waters of the Middle Fork of the Willamette River, in the Cascade Mountains; thence down said river, on the north side, to Springfield; thence crossing to and continuing upon the west side of said river to the waters of the Columbia River, via Portland, Oregon, there is hereby granted to the Oregon Central Pacific Railway Company, organized under and by virtue of the laws of the State of Oregon on the sixteenth day of September, eighteen hundred and seventy-four, and to their successors and assigns, a strip of land, one hundred feet wide, on each side of the central line of said road, through the public lands, and the necessary lands for depots, stations, side-tracks, and other needful uses in operating said road and telegraph, not exceeding twenty acres at any one place:
Feb. 5, 1875.
18 Stat. L., 306.
Grant of right of way to Oregon
Provided, That the locations for depots, stations, and side-tracks shall --limitation for not exceed for the whole line of said road more than one location of depots, &c. twenty acres for every ten miles of the same, and when made upon surveyed lands shall conform to the Government surveys thereof:
And provided further, That the State or States, within the limits of States may limit which said road or any part thereof shall be hereafter situated, shall cost of transporta