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7 Inquiries and Answers.
LICE ON POULTRY.-Could any of the readers of the Co." Gent., or its publishers, tell us how to destroy the lice on fowls
effectually ? If so, you would do me i grent faror by pabo DRAINING WET LAND. I bave a piece of land op my farm, lishing it in your pext. J. K. [Apply sweet oil to the top of that is wet, and holds water until late in spring; it is a sido their heads, under their wings, and elsewhere. Another remehill, clay subsoil. Will it do to underdrain it? What will dy is to mis, say half a pound of sulphur, with several quarts the tile cost to drain about five acres; and do you think it will of feed, and allow them occasionally to eat it. Ipina meal pay? Our lands are generally a Wack limestone land, as it would probably be best. We should prefer the oil remedy -• is called. R. Franklin, Tenn. (It will not only "do" to drain which might perhaps be modified by substituting lard. Bus it, but it will not do to let it remain undrained. Very proba- the best of all remedies is prevention-effected by thorough bly it will increase its value at least ten-fold. Two inch pipe cleanliness-wbitewashing the ben-bouse, and keeping every tile, which will be large enough for eighty rods in length, or
part constantly clean. an equivalent, under ordinary circumstances, (see Register for 1859, article Draining,) may generally be had at the
HAY IN BULķ-What number of tons of hay or mow, as we call it, hold, when well settled,
as follows_17 by 32 feet, 16 feet posts, and 14 piteh many will be required for an acre, with draina iwo rods to the roof? A. W [The rule given by different writers, to apart; and also the cost of transportation from the nearest estimate hay in tops by the bulk, varies greatly. We have manufactory, each piece weighing two pounds or so. or 14 inches long. Our correspondent may quickly figure how
SV or mon
From seen in an agricultural paper claiming reliability, the statethese data he may easily determine the cost per acre. No ment that 700 to 800 cubic feet are tequired for a ton of comdoubt it will "pay", well; ultimately, if not immediately.]
nion bay, which is obviously beyond 'all bounds. The bulk
varies with the kind of grass, time of cutting, dogree of curing, acres, which I wish to manuro previous to laying down to rule a
CLOVER AND PLASTER. I have a field of some twelve and air be bay ; nevertheless, we think the following pasture. It is too far away to haul out manure, and I in
For clover hay paeked solid, about 325 tend sowing clover and plaster this spring and plow down der very heavy pressure, one-fourth less. This rule should
to 350 cubie foet; good timothy about 275 eubic feet, but unseeding with grass Dext'spring. What wish to inquire is, the amount of red clover and quantity of plaster I should by our correspondent wonld contain over ten thousand cabie
vary considerably with circumstances. The bay mentioned apply per acro-when the best time for sowing each and feet, and would thorefore hold from thirty to forty tons, well right stage to turn under? HARRY, Sunbury Co, N. B. packed away and carefully stuffed full.] [Clover seed sbould be sown very early in spring or it may be a little later, if lightly and evenly brushed in. Or, if sown
VARIETIES OY TIE RED CLOVER--We have three varieties on newly plowed and evenly harrowed land, it may be covered of clover seed for sale bero, termed the "large or Herkimer by means of a roller, which presses the seed in and crynıbles county,” the medium," and the "small" clover. I wish the surface. This mode does well, if performed quite early, to know whether the " Peavine” clover, advertised in the and is followed by rain. Brushing in is best for fate sowing Co. Gent, is the same thing as the "large or Herkimer Co.," Thore should be at least one peck of seed per acre. There commonly 80 called. Ilow would the Peavine answer for will be a good growth by the end of summer, when it may be soiling, say to follow the medium ? Would it make a good plowed in, but it would be more profitable to wait another succession ? If I am rightly informed, it ripens later-if so, year, when the roots will be larger and the crop heavier. It would it not be in its prime after the other has gone by ? should be plowed in just as the blossoms are disappearing, One thing more. Is Lucerne adapted to this climate, and and before the stalks become dry. Plaster should be gown
would it be valuable for soiling purposes ?
Where can the early in spring, at the rate of one or two busbels per aere.)
seed be obtained-at what price, and how much would it re. Sherwood's Grain BINDER. I noticed, some time since, quire to the acre ? 1. R. (The clover, like other plants in a daily paper, an article beaded" Joy to Farmers," in continually reproduced from seed, runs largely into varieties ; which it was stated that an apparatus had been invented, tity of any local sorts without comparing the same in growth,
and it would be difficult therefore to pronounee on the idenand successfully operated, as an attachment to the reaper, There is no doubt that any of the larger sorts would do well for binding the grain into sheaves. Can you inform me if for soiling--those which run largely to stalk would generally such an invention has been produced ; and whether one can mature later than the dwarf kinds. Many high recommenbe had the present season ? ' A FARMER. [A machine for dations bave been given of Lucerne, and many experiments binding grain, attached to any common reaping machine, has made with it-but that they are generally unsuccessful is been invented by ALLEN SHERWOOD, of Auburn, N. Y., to whom application may be made for information. 'We have shown by the fact that its cultivation has not been extensively witnessed its successful performance in the harvest field, an
adopted or permanently carried on. The seed may probably account of which will be found in the 14th volume of the be had of J. M. THORBURN of New-York, but we do not know Country Gentleman, p. 121 ; and a figure and description were
the price.] given in the 13th volume, p. 330.J
S., Medway, Mass., should subscribe for the COUNTRY PILFERING OF CHICKENS—Best CULTIVATORS.-Can you inquires, more fully discussed than the limits of Tue Culti
GENTLEMAN, where he will find the subject about which hu or some of your numerous readers, give a mode to prevent vator will allow of our doing in its pages. the chickens from plucking up the corn, as I wish to plant a field in corn near the barn, To shut them
up would be quite
TILE-DRAINING.--Do any of the tile manufacturers in your a task. I have seen a number of plans given, but do not city, ditch and lay the tile? Can you
tell me the cost per know if they can be relied on. Also who manufactures the acre, the drains to be 33 feet apart? There is not a rod of best horse-Kioo to work corn with, and the price. Levi Hawk. tilo-drains in this town, and no factory for making tile in the We know of no chicken remedy for the purpose proposed. vicinity. All the tite laid in Worcester are brougbt from The best cultivator teeth which we have ever used are those Albany. C. W. G. [There are no tile manufacturers that cut made by SAYRE & REMington, of Utica-they are steel-are ditches and lay tile for others. The cost of tile-draining per light, strong, efficient, and are sharp till worn out. The best acre, the drains 2 rods apart, and 3 feet deep, the ditches cullivator in form is that constructed by Milton ALDEN, of being cat by hand, will vary with circumstances, but may Auburn, N. Ý. It has thills which give the workmen a sur- be set down about as follows, as an average : prising control of its depth and accurate working. Both these
Digging $0 rods of ditch, 30c. per rod,.
Tile, about 1130, 14 inches by 2 inches in diameter,. wo think are furnished for about eight dollars each. We Laying tile and plowing in the earth, figured the latter in our last volume.)
WILLOW CULTURE.-Will you or some of your correspondonts please inform me through The CULTIVATOR, of the plan One-half the cost of digging the ditches will be saved, if a to pursue in order to successfully grow the Osier willow ? R. drain plou is used, reducing the cost from $39 to $27; and B. . [For an article on this subject, see Cultivator for Jan. when the soil is favorable, and tile only $10, as in some places, 1859, p. 22.)
the cost would be still less. If brought many miles by railMANURE CELLARS.-Will some of your correspondents who road, the expeuse would be increased.] are soiling, explain how they construct their manure cellars, Wuat Aus ny Fowls ?-When first taken, they act as if 80 As to answer their primary purpose of saviug manure, and trying to swallow-then whirl around like a shaker dancingthe secondnry one of fattening swine ? How do the porkers get others keel over, like a gymnast -- and nt last become stonein and out of the recoptacle? When soiling a dozen cows in blind, seeming to lose all command of the head. They will as many stalls, under a shed, with the stall doors opening to ent heartily, though it is with great difficulty they pick up the south, into the barnyard, (the front of ihe sbed forming their food, the head flying off irst one side, ihen the other. part of the north boundary of the yard) where ought the m: C. W. G. (This disease may be the rerligo-caused perhaps nuro cellar to be ?
by overleeding or improper food. We vever bad any expe.
rience in its
to eure Hbut Bement says that holding the head for ble. Autumn is the best time, for application, bat much a more intendere i altream of water
, arrests the disease, and kent
, caster oil tendency.)
Rotted , compost, which has been made of VARNISH.--I wish you would be so kind as to give me a parts of manure and turf, or manure and muck, and a siwall receipt for varnish, through The CulTIVATOR, A SUBSCRI= portion of leached or unleached ashes, say a twentieth part BER. (Varnish is usually made by dissolving guin copal in more or less, is a good fertilizer. We trust our correspondent turpentine, with the addition of some drying oil.
will avoid the common error of applying manure in a small unable to give the exact process or proportions, as it is so much circle at the foot of the trees, instend of spreading it as far ng easier and cheaper to buy the varuish ready' made, which is the roots
extend, which is generally as far on each side ng the usually kept by all dealers in paints and oils, and by most height of the tree. Soap suds, or ashes and water, wake a druggists.)
Web good wash for the bark, but we know of no wash to prevent
insects from crawling up the stems.) Grapes 'MIXING BY CLOSE PROXIMITY. Being about to
tio EH Biti
MILLET.Would you or some of your correspondents doi put out a puniber of grapevines, with the view ultimately of training them to an arbor, I wish to make the Following in scribe the difference between the common millet, Sclaria quiry. The vines will be placed about ten feet apart:on each italica, and Hungarian grass ? My reason for asking for side of the trellis or arbor, of different varieties of fruit, viz.information is, that many of the farmers around bere say there Delaware, Diana, Rebecca, and Annp. Now, being placed in Japan by one of the unicers in the expedition with Com mno
is no difference. I received a package of seeds collected in Buch close proximity, whether there is not a probability of their hybridizing so as to change the character of the fruit
? dore Perry, in which was'a small parcel of the conimon mit: T. (There is no danger of the fruit mixing or being
changed het: During the progress of its gruweli, 1 noticed one herd as suggested, Each
flower will probably" fertilize itself, but firo or six times the size of the othørs. For place of a single if it does not, and its neighbor performs the office, it will tiot spike
this was compound, I directly suppressed the small to affect the berries, but only the seed they contain )
secure this one. I bave one biead before me now, eight inches
long, and many of the side spikes one; inch long; the foliago Horses And Hors. Is it injurious to horses to have högg is large, fully half au inch diameter, should it prove diferkept anderneath their stable to work over their manure?
ent from the Hungarian, I will increase it, J. B. (Hørses, to be healthy, must have pure, fresh air and
and make it known. The horses if the futes of the manuro are allowed to come up from be- 90 ni
cattle are very fond of it. Mr. John Merry low and load the air and taint the food, the result cannot be box
man, President of the Agricultural Society beneficial. A perfectly tight floor will exclude the vapor.] Piz
of Maryland, exhibited it at Chicago last Salt for WAEAT. I wish to try an experiment with sow-10
fall, and a certificate of merit was awarded ing salt on wheat this spring-how much should I sow per
for it. SAMS FEAST Cockeysville, Md. acre ? -* Joan JONES. Golconda, Ill. [Sow from five to ten
[What we call "common millet,'' because bushels- it is usually applied in autunm abont sowing time,
most commonly cultivated, and generalý; or soon after- but is said to have done well if applied early
known as millet, or German millet, sis thai in spring.) THOSE VSI
Setaria germanica, not. ilalicar and is the SALTING CATTLE.-W. B. inquires respecting salt for cattle.
same as that sent out by the Patent, ofice I would say to him that for a number of years I have sum
under the name of Moha de Hungrie, and mered from 100 to 300 head of cattle, and I salt them twice
the same as the famous Hungarian Grass a week, all that they will eat, and I have never had one hurt
of Iowa. The annexed figure was drawn from by eating too much. I have found, in buying fat cattle that
a head of Hungarian Grass recuived by'us had not boon woll salted, that they never weighed, according
from Iowa, and is undoubtedly the true Gero to their appearance, as well as those that had been well salt
man milet. The Italian twillet, Setaria ed. In the spring of the year I find an advantage in mixing
italica, differs from the above, in having ashes with their salt after they are put on grass. It is a help
thicker stalk, and longer but much less comtowards shedding the old coat and starting them to thrive.
pact spikes, being coni posed of several roundOhio Farm, IU.
ish clustered spikes. From our correspondent's description,
we think it not unlikely that the single plant to which he remo Feed For HORSES AND Cows.-- Can feed for five horses fers may be the true Italian millet.) and two cows be raisod on nine or ten acres fair ground-(I have no manure to start with, and the ground is an old pasture pretty well run out)—and what rotation would you ad
(For the Cultivator and Country Gentleman.] vise for that object ? W. A. x'c. Pillsburg, Pa. (Some
L. TUCKER & Son—In renewing my subscription for horses and soune cows will cnt nearly double the feed of others, “The Cultivator,” from its origin, under the lamented and hence all general estimates can be only approximative. We understand our correspondent to ask if food for the whole Judge Buel, a quarter of a century ago-continuously to year can be grown on the ten acres, to be applied wholly to the present time-I take pleasure in bearing my testimony feeding them. A horse will require at least three tons of hay to its long continued usefulness, and the interest with which to carry him throngh winter, and he should have 30 to 40 I receive each successive number by due course of mait, every bushels of grain. X cow will need about two thirds as much hay as a horso. Consequently the five horses will require at one of which contains something both interesting and useleast 15 tons of hay-- possibly 20 tons-and the cows 4 tong-ful, and some especially so. Indeed, I have long consay 22 tons in all. At 2 tons per acro, (a good crop), eleven sidered it the best monthly agricultural periodical of our acres of meadow would be needed: Corn sown in thick drills, country. Though of course, where there are so many con (at the rate of 3 bushels per aere,) Will yield nearly three tributors, some of the articles bear evidence of theoretical times as much fodder per aere, and may be fed exclusively land for the winter
fodder within the ten acres - leaving a to cows and partly to horses - which would bring the required euthusiasts, while
on the other extreme, soine of a rather
fixed adherence to early and erroneous conceived opinioned portion for raising the grain. * DI FIT
But there are other writers, who aid much in " dissemias If our correspondent merely intends to support the animals nating useful knowledge among men.”. There are men of exclusive of the winter season, the estimate would stand about science, of learning, of practical experience, and of elear: as follows: Pasturage for five horses, if good, cight ucres ; for and sound discriminating mind and judgment, of which two cow's, two acres - to which should be added two acres of latter—many are included, who have not been blest in corn fodder, &c., for soiling in nutuin, and during any severe their early days with as liberal an education as so many of dróuth which might occur in the latter part of summer. If the rising generation can avail themselves of—some comtbe old pasture, "pretty well run out," could be plowed up munications from them are often among the most practiand re-seeded heavily, (twice as much seed as usual, or unoré3 cal and useful, and I would encourage thein, more espeit would doubtless greatly increase the amount of pasturage! cially as it is a greater effort for them to pen an article
Manure For Fruit Treis-Will you inform me, through for the public eye, than from men of science and literature. the medium of your valuable paper, what is the best fertili. zer that can be placed around tho roots of fruit trees at this
I have, often felt strongly impelled to expose some of season of the year. Also, what is considered the best wash the fallacies of some writers, believing they often do much for the bark of apple-trees to prevent the ascent of worms harm, but do not like to appear in that light-get it cera a and promote the health of the tree. L. C. T. Tariffoille, tainly ought to be done by some one or more-while those Conn. [As a general application for all localities, stable ina- that merit it, ouglit so to be set forth and sustained, al bous pure and composts made from it, are most valuable and relia
7 W. N.
(For the Cultivator and Country Gentleman.) docce
Ens. CTETIVATOR AND Có. GENT:-1 will give you my
I weiglied the value of taking agricultural papers, which I began to 628 lbs olulistheir gross weight was 566 lbs. nuust make a beginning, I will give a little evidence of red 150 153. Bran, cooked, in eight days-weight
62 lbs. take and read 18 years ago and leave not been without Fed 280 lbs., or four bushels poor frost-bit corn, cook: one or more since. I do not think it spoils the value of ed, in eight davon weight, 646 Ils.-gain, 18 lbs. any information to go through the agricultural printing Fed 245 lbs or 133, busbels secondq uality corn, cooked, pressas some do, although they would practice the såmè in eight days-weight, 698 lbs.-gain, 52 lbs. if it was told them by their neighbors. I often have got Il calculate right, the bran, cooked, at four cents per information from one number of your paper, and others, pound for the gain on the logs, paid 38 cents per busliel which was of more value than the cost of the paper for of 20 lbs. The brost-bit corn paid 18 cents per bushelyears. I will give you’an instance of it.
that was as qnueh as could be expected of such corn. Two The Clod Crusher which you gave a description of in of them were boars that I altered while feeding this com; 1958, and also the evidence of another person as to the they gained nothing. The second quality corn paid 594 value of it, in 1869. I drew on the neadow last spring a cents per bushet
. o l'bis cprn would not have brouglit more qumlity of scrapings from the yard, which was mostly than 30 cents per Bushet in 'market. dirt, and could not be spread so but there was a great Hogs at four cents per pound are below the market price manny lumps, both great and small; and remembering the here, but I calculated them at four cents to make the same æticles above named I tooked them up, (having kept all figures. Qirja09 * have known some w-do,) and weit to work and made a time since, Pulių Lhree cents per bushel for trouble of crasher. I went to work and the way it crushed feedingi mny scuond-quality corn paid 29 cents per buslael hour, than three or four men could do in a day,) would quality of combe, fed, it would have paid 10 cents per convince those most set against book farming, that ibere is bushel mores His gain is about the average of feeding a profit in taking the papers; (and by the way souue of on dry corn, J. WIDNEY., Ohio Farm, Ii. them think they will-bave one made this year.) Mine had to do a great deal of work last year at home and at
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) thu noiylıbors, fitting land for grain and roots, and cover
Films on the Eyes of Cattle. ing grass seeds. I think it is equal to its recommends by your fórtner correspondents, although mine was not
MESSRS. Editons—I have seen inquiries about films on made after your pattern exactly. Not having any plank the eyes of cattle. I have never had a trial on cattle, but of the right shape, I made it out of common 2 inch plapk, bave cured or taken off films twice or three times from alid IP it was larger, it did its work well, and answered for the eye of a young mare, by applying new milk from the a stone boat to draw off the stone from the land at the cow two or three times a day for three or four days. Take. same time.
a little in the mouth, and it is easily deposited in the eye. Now if I could induce one or more to try it by calling It is mild, easily tried, and not expensive. their attention to it again, I should think I had done some good by trying to communicate. Would it not be well for
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) you to give a description of it again!
Ice Cream and Cake. The ink which this is written with, is also an evidence of the value of taking these papers, it being made from she will differ from many others who do.
FOR " JENNIE,”—and if she does not think it "excellent," the receipt in the Feb. Cultivator, page 51, a quart costing One quart good sweet cream--2 quarts new milk-2 teaonly three cents.
BOOK FARMER. spoons arrow-root mixed with two of avod batter-11 pounds Vernon, N, Y.
white sugar, and the yolks of 5 eggs well beaten up. Agreeably to the suggestion above, we reprint the des.
Boil the milk, and stir in tho mixture of arrow-root and
butter, and as soon as that boils, set it off, ard stir in tho cription of the clod crusher alluded to. It was furnished sugar and eggs, and let it cool. Then stir ihe cream in, and for our papers by Mr. D. McCULLOCK, of Loudon Co., Va. favor with a little manilla, lemon, or what else best suits the
MATERIALS.-One scantling 3 by 4, and 12 feet long, to taste, and then freeze. be sawed into three pieces_7 planks 5 feet long, and 7
The whites of eggs not used in the ice cream, will help to inches wide, two inches thick on one edge, and the othermake a very nice cake to eat with it, called "Silvor" or
"! anke. Half edge half an inch thick ; (sawyers can saw them by raising
pound sugar, 6 ounces flour, three one edge of the log,) and one plank 14 inches thick, and with extrnet of bitter almond.
ounces butter, whites of 5 or 7 eggs, well bouten, an 1 flavorod
Lucy. 12 inches wide.
Burlington Co., N. J., How to MAKE IT.-Lay down the pieces of scantling 2y feet apart; lay on one plank, thick edge to the end,
[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) take an inch anger and bore through the plank and scant
CHEAP PAINT. ling countorsink the holes through the plank with a chisel, so that the pins will not draw through; then take
Messrs. EDITORS -Natieing, an inquiry for a cheap paint the best plank and lap it one inch over the thin edge of to put on old buildings, in answer I would say I havo had the other, and put the pins through so that they will catch some experience in that line, and will give the desired infor
mation. both planks; when the last plank is on, slope off the scant
In the first place take some fine oil meal, mix it with cold ling like a sledge runner; then put on the wide plank, turn water; then put it on the stove, and keep stirring till it boils. over, wedye pins, bore a slanting hole in each piece about Then reduce it to the desired thickness with varin water. If a foot from the front, to pull by. Put a chain of suitable you wish it white, stir in orbiting, or any color you like. Apon length on the pins ; hook your swingle trees to the middle; ply with a brush, the same as paint. It fills the pores tho driver to stand on the hind end. If not heavy enough, wood, so that after two coats it will cost no more to paint an put on stone. It does not answer well on stony land, he old building than it would a new one. It penetrates the wood, cause the stones don't break. If the land is wanted very and does not peel off like whitewash. It is never safe to paint fine, and once over is not enough, bariow up the clods, ovo whitewash. It will last a number of years, as the
oily and go ovcruagain. Farmers living on clay loams will find
dature of the meal keeps it from washing. this tool of great advantage. We use it after the harrow, and it -saves one harrowing It has several advantages recently died at that place, from the effects of sleeping over
Daar Beds.- Mr. H. E. Stanley, of Slourport, Scotland, over the roller-costs less, turns casier, pulverizes better, night at Rogs in a bed with damp clothes. Medical aid was and levele.'
speedi!y called but proved of no avail.
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) CORN CULTURE IN KENTUCKY. Death of a Distinguished Agriculturist.
Eps. Co. Gent.—I would have written an article upon On the 11th of April Mr. B. V. FRENCH, of Harrison the cultivation of Indian Corn, some time since, but I felt Square, Dorchester, Mass., departed this life at the ripe it was like taking coals to New-Castle. A Hoosier corresage of 69. His funeral took place on the 12th, at Dr. pondent, in your issue of March 29th, tells how they cul
tivate corn in his State, but makes his account so indefiStarr's church in Braintree, where Mr. F, formerly resided, nite as to be of very little use to one needing instruction. and was attended by a very large concourse of people.
I think, therefore, that the precise mode of cultivation, of Mr. Benjamin Vinton French was born in Braintree, some good practical farmer, would be much more to the July 29th, 1791---learned the business of a grocer-began purpose. As I bave beer at the business a good while, zrade in 1812, and followed it 25 years. As early as 1818 and have tried a good many plans, I will give an account he began to interest himself in farming, and soon after of my practice last season, by which I produced six thoubecame a laudholder-enlarging his farm in 1824, and in sand bushels shelled coin on less than one hundred acres. 1886 gave up his business in Bostou, atter having acquired The land was all spring-plowed--wbich was done as a good property by dilligence and assudity in luis calling. deep as my teams could possibly draw the plows. Did
To prevent ennui, on quitting the busy marts of city not plow an acre of ground when too wet. Let patience activity, his friends advised bim to furnish himself with a have its perfect work in this partionlar. Harrowed when fishing tackle and a sporting gun, which he did, but found the ground was in proper order, with heavy two-horse no occasion to use them for the purpose anticipated, for diamond harrows, twenty-four teeth. Laid off both ways, he found his rural employment ample for this.
three feet and a half, with one-horse diamond plow, as His farm comprised about 200 acres, mostly under cul- deep as horse could pull. Planted white fiint corn, small tivation. It consisted of a great variety of soils, from the cob; covered with hoe; plenty of dirt. Best field planted gravelly to the mucky. lle inclosed his grounds with 10th of May. stone walls—the materials being taken from his fields- Did not work my corn until it was stout enough to bear often trenching deeply before building the wall. llis close severe plowing. Implement used was the one-horse moist grounds were drained and made cultivable and pro- diamond plow--narrow and deep, made to order—run the ductive.
bar and split the iniddle. This is done twice in immediate He collected the meanwhile, the largest and most valu- succession, before leaving each field; then drop the plow able Agricultural Library in the State—to which he added and thin. (My land bears three stocks.) Then treat the the best current Agricultural and Horticultural journals, next field in like manner until you get round the whole both domestic and foreign.. He was a constant reader of crop. By the time this is done, the first field is able to his books, magazines and papers-thus seeking to unite bear the mould-board. Throw two furrows, deep and practice with science.
strong-as deep as the horse can pull, and as close as the As a Pomologist, his judgment and skill were generally plow can get, and split the middle. Do this once, and acknowledged. He had at one time over 400 varieties of proceed to No. 2, and so on. When you get through all, the apple in cultivation, with as many pears—with large repeat this immediately. This will make four plowings, varieties of pluins, cherries, and of the smaller fruits. which is about all that we can do with 100 acres or more. This was done to test the varieties, for the purpose of de- Our wheat barvest comes in here from the 20th Junie to termining the best for economical purposes or uses in 1st July, and our corn is rarely ever large enough to lay cultivation,
by at that time. The crop is almost always greatly bencHe built a very costly barn-one which has been de- fitted by plowing thoroughly after harvest. Do not abanscribed in the Gentleman and Cultivator. Though it was don the plowing on account of drouth. Plow-plowdeemed “a model barn” by many, yet it was too expen- plow, in dry weather-fear not. sive for common farmers to imitate.
As to other implements for cultivating corn, I have Mr. French was one of the founders of the Massachu- eight of the five hoc cultivators; and as to shovel plows, setts Horticultural Society, the National Pomological So- showers of them. These are all very good, but the ciety, the United States Agricultural Society, the Norfolk heaviest crops I ever made, to wit—7,500 bushels and Co. Agricultural Society, the Mass. Board of Agriculture, 6,000 bushels were made without them. ot which he was a member until a short time before liis Boon County, ky.
A KY. FARMER. death; and by bis influence an act was past by the Legislature in 1856, for the establishing of a Massachusetts
COMPOSTING ANIMAL MATTER. School of Agriculture.
A short time before his death, the estate of Mr. French Enitors Corntry GENTLEMAN-Having noticed an inwas found involved in irrevocable debt, and was sold at a quiry in the Country Gentleman in respect to animals for terrible sacrifice, really not less than relatively. After his manure, I will give you my practice. I have been in the homestead and effects were sold, Mr. F. removed from habit of killing from 40 to 50 calves a year at four days Braintree to the place whicre he resided at the time of his old. I make a pen 12 feet square; then cover the bottom death-and soon after opened a Farm Agency office, in four inches deep with swamp muck; then place on the North Market street, Boston, where be held constant and carcass of a calf, and cover it with one load of muck, and congevial intercourse with farmers in matters relating to so on until they are all in-one two-horse wagon load of rural economy-buying and selling stock, &c. He dis muck to each calf. If I lose a cow or any other animal posed of a part of his library to the State Board of Agri. in the course of the year, it is put into the heap, with the culture, a part to a gentleman in Boston, and retained a same proportiou of swamp muck. When it has laid one part down to the time of his demise. He was often heard year, I apply it to the land. According to my experito regret that he sold his books_such as had been his con- ments, it is worth twice its bulk of stable manure. In stant companions and silent counsellors for many years. 1856 I applied 25 two-horse wagon loads of stable manure
The death of such a man is a great public loss-leaving to the acre on an old meadow, and plowed it in. Then I void a place that cannot be easily filled. He was a man plowed a piece on one side of it without any manure, on of highly cultivated taste, of great enterprise and energy which I applied about half as much of the animal compost of character-an advocate of progress, and promoter of to the acre as I had of the stable mamure; then harrowed improvement in everything that concerned the welfare of it all, and planted to corn; the next spring sowed it to society--remarkably genial and entertaining in conversa- oats and seeded it to timothy and clover. There has been tion-always abounding in good humor-full of anecdote, quite a perceptible difference in each crop in favor of the and ever ready to communicate valuable information ou a compost. I could see a difference in color and in growth wide range of subjects. But Mr. French's work is done, of each crop, for more than fifty rods from the field, for and well done, in testimony of which, the Massachusetts three years past. I did not harvest it separately to know Horticultural Society has decided to erect a suitable monu- the exact difference--the land and treatment all the same. mert orer l.is grare in Craintree.
COLuurli.a. Irest Taulet 17.
ence weighed 157 lbs
* 24 bushels of oats for seed, 51c..
18 12 96 21 00 500 49 00 4 00
$11 09 19 95 5 00
doubtful kinds of cattle cake. It is used by almost every cattle or sheep feeder we know, and even the game keeper knows nothing cheaper than the best wheat for bis birds. These uses of it must enormously increase its consnmption, and the low prieo which it inaintains in spite of this unusunl demand is as remarkable a thing in its way as is the high
price of mutton in the face of the enormous supply of sheep ALBANY, N, Y., MARCH, 1860.
weekly poured into the metropolitan market."
act of incorporation has recently passed the 05 We have given in another part of this paper some Legislature of Pennsylvania, for an association whose deaccount of the feeding operations of Mr. Jurian Winne. sign it is to institute a “Model Farm," to be located Since our visit at his place, he has sold 100 of the sheep, probably in Chester, Delaware, or Montgomery county, and we find the following paragraph in the last market re- including also a Botanic Garden, and opportunities, in conports of the N. Y. Tîmes :
nection with the Polytechnic College at Philadelphia, for At O'Brien's also, in Sixth-street, there were a few sheep on hand, the instruction of a limited number of Agricultural pupils. of 1,434 received during the past week. Some of them were of prime Thu Philadelphia Ledger states that the list of corporaquality, especially ico State Leicester sheep fed by Jurinn Winne, a few miles out of Albany Mr. Winne hus well earned the reputation tors includes the names of some of the most energetic, reof being one of the best feeders in the State, of which soune stock vet spected- and wealthy citizens of the fire sonth-eastern
will be . 100 alluded to were sold by Metiraw & O Brien, as follows: 3 to w. Lalor, $51 ; 20 to counties of the State, men of action, who never begin an $623.62; and 2. scattering, for $2.4, making a total of suched us . stock is fixed at $50,000, and it is thouglit such an estabB. Lawrence at 7%c. per Ib., live weight, or $23.5.72; 55 10. MTabin, enterprise wliich they do not carry through.” The capital average of $11.91 each. The 20 sold each.
lishment may be so managed as to be an interest-paying "How to Cultivate and Preserve Celery,” by Mr. as well as a useful and practical institution. THEOPHILUS ROESSLE of the Delavan House, is now ready.
Good CROP OF Oats-BENEFIT OF DRAINING.--Mr. ALIt is preceded by a preface, containing an account of the BERT VAN Voast, Pond Grove, Schenectady, believes in author's life, from the pen of HENRY S. Olcort. The thorough draining, having carried it out on a large farm. price of the book is $1. Mr. Roessle is very concise in his style, and 60 or 70 adjoining his farm, which had been so run down, that it
Ilc bought in 1858, eight and three-quarters acres of land pages of large type, comprise the whole results of his expe. had not revted for years for more than a dollar an acre. rience with the celery plant. There is considerable in his He underdrained it thoroughly, and sowed it to oats - last instructions which will probably be novel to the gardener, spring. His account with the crop is as follows: and at first perhaps received with donbt. But coming as
OAT LOT-9X ACRES, Dr. it does, from a man who has proved in long practice the To 9%, days team plowing, dragging, &c., ©$2.50.. correctness of what he writes, and who claims that equal 274 do. sowing, &c., 70.,... success is attainable by any one who carefully follows the directions he gives, we can but regard this brochure as worth its price to any grower or lover of celery. It is illustrated, it should be added, with a number of Colored Plates, and comprises the care and treatment of both sum- Add threshing 550 bushels @ 3%, cents, mer and winter crops of this vegetable.
do. for cleaning, ENLARGEMENT.--Our friend WM. THORBURN, whose seed
CREDIT. store on the corner of Broadway and Maiden Lane, Al
By 550 bushels, @ 10c.. bany, has been well known for twenty years or more, has 9 tons straw @ $5, found it necessary, from the increase of his business, to enlarge his borders, which he has done by annexing the Deducting expenses,... the adjoining store. The partition having been removed
Profit, and the two stores made into one, he has now a spacious Here is a clear profit of over $14 per acre, after deductestablishment, well filled with all the varieties of seeds ing $7 per acre for rent, from land which before draining necessary for the farm and the garden. See his advertise would not rent for more than $1 per acre. ments. PLEURO-PNEUMONIA.-A communication having been
CARELESS LETTER-WRITERS.- We lately received a letlately received by the Royal Agricultural Society of Eng. ter from a subscriber, complaining that he had been cheatland from the Central Society of Agriculture in Belgium, ed by a person who some time since advertised some seeds requesting information on Pleuro-pneumonia and the in this paper-that is, he had sent the required stamps, means adopted to combat the disease, having particular but had received no seeds in return. Knowing the adverregard to the effects of inoculation--a reply was ordered tiser to be an honest man, we sent our correspondent's to be made that inoculation was not found in Great Britain letter to him, that he might explain the cause of the failure. to rest on any scientific basis, and as such it has not re- In reply he says_“I have received over 300 letters since ceived the sanction or support of the Royal Society.
the publication of my advertisement in the Country GEN
TLEMAN, and in twelve of them the writer's name is want. Trial of REAPERS, &c.—The Royal Agricultural Society ing, and several of them no post-office or any thing else of Holland propose to have an exhibition and trial of by which I could find out his residence, is given. I have steam cultivators and reaping machines in August next, now over 20 of these letters which I have been unable to offering first and second prizes of about £30 and £15 in answer, either for the want of the name or residence of each class. These sums of course are not likely to tempt the writers. These letters bave given me a vast deal of competition ; but the probability of custom is. The level trouble, and I wish you would try to impress upon your lands of Holland are particularly well adapted for both readers the necessity of giving their full address.” Our these machines.
advice to those who have sent stamps for seeds, and have 7" Mr. Edw. Elliott, of East Greenbush, has laid on not received them, is to write again, and be careful to give our table some specimens of a seedling sweet apple with their names, post-office, county, and State. out name. They were in good order, showing at least the
OREGON TIMBER.--The trade in wood for 1859 at Lonpossession of fine keeping qualities.
don, as reported in the Farmer's Magazine, shows the arriWHEAT FOR CATTLE FEEDING.--The London Agricul. val there of four cargoes from Oregon and Vancouver's tural Gazette, in answer to the inquiry~" which is the Isle" magnificent trees,” it is stated, “said to be Abies cheapest food for cattle-wheat, barley, oats, cake, maize Douglasii--creating as much wonder in the naturalist as or beans !--says:
in the trade." Their chief purpose is for masts, for which “At the present prices the first of these is ng economical as it is added, they “combine all the qualities requireil
, and any. Wheat at 1d. por ]b., is as cheap a food ng can be have already attracted the attention” both of the Britisha bought--if we except some of the cheaper but still somewhat I and other foreign governments--"in length from 100 to
$265 00 138 00