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came up in

sinapsi 130 feet;, in, diameter 30 to 39 inches throughout their three-fourths as much.” He sows a peck of seed to the length straiglite Without knots, with, scarcely any sap, Mr. W. commenced with four cows, but in fifteen sound, strong and not weighty."

years kept twenty-four cows on

the keeping 80 head of carte bang secara autohen me now the Massachusetts Board of Agriculture, for the year 1859, Large Hogs.-Having lately sent you an account of a is at hand with commendable promptness. The attention few crosses of large, heayy, fat hogs made by some of of the Board during the past year, has been occupied our Burlington county farniers this year, I now send you, chiefly in the collection of statistical and other informa- the account of six, hogs fed and killed by Benj. White; tion upon various subjects relating to agriculture and the near Jacksonville, of this county-one each year in size results of its investigations are embodied in the reports of successive years-viz; the committees to which special topics were assighiod, pre

In 1817.

Weight 606 pounds. itselw sented and accepted at the annual meeting in January

1 » ) ១០ The Horticultural information contained in the report on

sebouw general Fruit Culture, is interesting and useful. The reports of the Delegates to the various exlliliy of the All net dressed weiknual Hogs of large weight might county and other societies, are a valuable featue. An Other instances of

17:03.45 pounds each Appendix contains the general "Statutes relating to gti be given; but this being for six

six consecutive years, we culturė, recently passed or amended, "Inefnding he Bog think hard to be beaten.

WATSON NEWBOLD, T law, the law for the preservation of certain animals and Burlington Co., N. J.

19:10 903 birds, &c.

PROPER Depth or PlantinG CORN++ At a recent meet * Mr. E W. DENNISON, OP 163 Washington-sta, Bosing of a Farmer's Club in Illinois, My Waterbury read the ton, has seut us samples of Tree

and Plant Labels wand following table, from the old Prairie Farmer, showing factured by bim in Wood and Zinc. There are four sides the time at which corn came up when planted at differenti in wood, so eheaply furnished as to mako if an object for depths, from one to six inches :

bibie od Pom plant-growers and nurserymen to

of mak,

NO 41%-inch corn came up in Naiste 19. 9TS

1-1-inch corn came up in 8% 62

3.2 inch corn came up in 10 daye gainais 5!}" celosl thousands of the zinc labels there are three sizes, in

24-inch corn came up in 11% days. 6.3 inch corn comic up in 19 daye!

.***3diar tended to be attached by wire, and written upon with a

643%-inch corn came up in 13 days a = 1 tot borstto ai chemical ink, a receipt for making which is given, or it 1-4-inch corn came up in 12% days. can also be had ready made of Mr. D. The price of the in 48+*x-inch corn

Hi, I HIRI? Amani zinc labels is from $2 to $ per 1,000 only. Samples of

118-5%-inch com came up in 1754 days. !!!sonol. ods the whole may be seen at this office.

Nos. 8, 9, and 11, were dug pp after 22 days and it wot DoÉS GYPSUM SERVE TO FIX AMMONIA IN STABLES, &c. found that No. 8 had one inch more to grow to reach thglans a positive and sometimes a negative answer to the above were within three inches of the surface. No question, may be found in the columns of this paper. 171 days, but the tender leaf remained green only six days Some of our correspondents incline to one view, and others and then withered. The more shallow the seed was covered to the opposite one. One correspondent not long ago ex. by the earth, the more rapidly the sprout piade its appear pressed himself as quite skeptical as to the property usual- ance, and the stronger afterwards the stalk. ly ascribed to gypsum when merely sprinkled in the dry

Mr. Waterbury said his experience taught him wat state upon the floor of a stable or upon a manure heap, three-quarters of an inch was the best depth. He would basing his doubts or disbelief upon the fact that while

dry step on the hill after planting; this would pack the ground, or undissolved, plaster can absorb but little or none at all, and the dews would keep it moist. and that it requires about 500 parts (say ounces) of water At a meeting of the trustees, held on the 13th April, to dissolve one part (ounce) of this substance.

Rev. Dr. J. W. Scott, late President of Washington ColWhile such diversity of opinion exists, perhaps no one lege, Pa., was elected President of the Maryland State will be acknowledged as competent to decide the question Agricultural College. with authority, save some chemists of established charac. SPROUTING SEED POTATOES.—The Rural New-Yorker ter and skill." But meanwhile, the decision pronounced gives an account of some experiments with potatoes, showby the Editor of the N. British Agriculturist is worthy ing that “from a whole potato, as a general rule, only from of consideration. He says—" It (gypsum) is found in two to four of the strongest eyes grew, the others remainpractice not to be a good fixer of ammonia in, stables, ing dormant--the eyes obtaining the first start appearing byres, &c."

to have exhausted the nutriment in the potato before those The editor of the Boston Cultivator has seen a part slower in growing had got ready to claim their share. The of the fat sheep fed by JURIAN WInne in this county, and same potato cut in two, three, or even four pieces, would noticed lately in our columns. Our contemporary says that give about the same number of shoots to each set, though only 120 had then been slaughtered, the averaged dressed the smaller the sets the weaker were the shoots. To these weight of which " was 96 lbs. caeh. We understand that rules there were some exceptions, for occasionally most of Mr. Winne received for the lot, seven and one-eighth cents the eyes in a whole potato would commence growth about, per pound, live weight probably amounting to eleven or the same time, and a good many small shoots would be the twelve dollars per licad. They were aquestionably a result, while sometimes a very small set would give one or very superior lotsome good judges say the best they two strong shoots." have erer seen in this country, 1917

English FARMING.-The Detroit Tribune copies the PEAS WITH SPRING RYE.-One of my neighbors has al- published report of the second lecture on English Agricul" ways made it a practice to sow pens with spring rye. One ture, delivered at the recent Yale Course by one of the gives support to the other, and the rye keeps the peas editors of this paper, prefacing an extended editorial nofrom lodging, they then being legs liable to mildew. When tice with the following paragraph: harvested and threshed they can be casily separated, and We have before remarked that of all the Agricultural tourthus two crops are secured in one season from one piece ists and "commissioners” who have crossed the Atlantic for of ground, with very little extra labor.

the purpose of studying European Agriculture, L. H. Tucker MILLET FOR MILCH Cows.—Elijah Wood, Jr., of Con: appears to have taken the best course for deriving benefit cord, Mass., who has been for twenty years in the milk from the excursion. He has visited the best agricultural dįsbusiness, said (as reported in the N. E. Farmer,) at a re-exhibitions or cattle shows and the most celebrated farmers

, cent agricultural meeting in Boston, “If I can attribute and held a "big talk with men whose practical knowledge my success to any one crop, it is millet. I first cut two tons of productive farming is beyond question. When the valua.. of millet, and soon increased it to twenty tons. Mil- ble information whioli Mr. Tuoker has acquired, ja diffused for let is not so good as English hay, but is worth two-thirds or/and wide through the large circulation of the Country Gen

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tleman, of which he is one of the editors and proprietors, a

STEEL PLOWS. vast amount of good wilf be conferred on the farming com- STEEL PLOW 5.-We are mantifacturing manity. Wi 100 101

for the spring trade large numbers of our Mohawk Valley Clipper Per sets. --

pea-nuts may be sown in Virginia and desired, and would refer you to the fonowing persons who have them more south, from April to May, and more north or west in use is 20 loma ruma sl? 10:52 one month later ; it is necessary to have the ground plow

John Johnston Geneva N. Y. 4 b'150 Dunnil Orla ed, and drills made one foot broad hills six inch

Wm. Surpmer,

Pomaria. $. C. es high, all parallel. It is on the top of these hills that Booklineet, Nors diramp, Florida, situs Erasoti noda 30 the pea-nut seeds are put from one to two inches deep and

AJ. Bowmat Ulica, NY.

fioitoolius postes pleins

1. Bradley, from six to eight inches apart. When plant begins to

F. Mackie kato. Minesota. 1949) 11.7 79:1 10:9 grow they are hoed and hilled—this operation is renewed Woare also manufacturing Sayre's Patent Horse Hoe and Potato when the seed is formed, and would be injurious in the covering Machine, Basre's Patent Cultivator Teeth in quantities for time of blossoming; the ground must be kept clear of the trade, and all kinds of steel and swage work in the agricultural weeds."

line. Send for a cire 10%, 1 SAYRE & REMINGTON, J. Jan. 28Wtc Mar.

al timet Union Agricultural Worko, Utica, N. Y.



superior qualitypacked to so long distances safely, by Tobacco Fairs in May- -one at Paducah on the 9th, and

Express! 400, 011000, 32, 5000, 69; 10,000, 915--during the other at Louisville on the 16th. At these Fairs oyer

Muy and Func. Our Plants bave produced fine crops in

the North for many years, even as high as 44o. $2,000 is to be paid in premiums on Tobacco. Their regu. lar. State Fair is to be held near Bowling Green, com

21 bacieciulan of directions in

and experience of our

patrons, sent for a stamp.. mencing Sept. 18, and continuing five days. R. W. Scort, 190T JUBIT DI.

(late O. &. Murray & Son, NJ Esq., Frankfort, is the Secretary, to whom communications

21:30) YIG 91911T

Foster's Crossings, ubogi may be addressed.

JoycNar:291-weowti | May Imit

Warren Co., Obio, al en The next State Fait of Illinois is to be held at

U obtain the original Variety for field or garden culture, address lsch on September, mini parem kun of one thousang dollars

WM. LAWTON, Xew Rochelle, N. Y.

Circulars, with ample directions, will be forwarded to all appli: is offered for the best steam plow.

1INDIANA State Fair. - I notice in the last number of BUCK EYE PREMIUM MOWER. the Journal of the N. Y. State Ag. Society, an erroneous WITH FLEXIBLE FOLDING BAR.US announcement of the time of our State Fair. The Indiana State Fair will be held at Indianapolis, commencing on

The farmer intending to purchase a Mower, will find it to his advan.

tage to examine the Buckeye for 1860, which combines all those We are fitting up new grounds of over thirty acres, with THE BEST MOWING MACHINE IN THE WORLD. A rewistructures and greatly improved general arrangements. together with several important improvements added the present ody Premium List of Twelve Thousand Dollars Cash, embraces Four premiums on Stock of $200 each, Ten on Stock, Farms and Machinery, of $100 each, and some thirty or forty premiums of $60 each, being nearly double the amount ever given before. W. T. DENNIS,

Sec'y Ind. State Board.
The 10th Annual Fair of the PUTNAM Co. Ag. So-
CIETY, will be held at Brewster's, on the 25th, 26th and
27th days of September, 1860, (Tuesday, Wednesday and
Thursday.) The officers of the Society are,

President-CHAUNCY R. WEEKS, Carmel,
Secretary-G. Mortimer Belden, Carmel.

Treasurer--Saxton Smith, Putnam Valley, and six Vice Presidents.
President-WILLIAM S. CLARK, Victor,

Vice-Presidents Wm. G. Donelson, Bristol; C. Edward Shepherd, Canandaigua; Theodore Sprague, E. Bloomfield,

Lindley W. Smith, Parmington, John Robinson, Gorham; John H. Benham, Hopewell; Sanford G. Angevine, Manchester; Lester Sprague, Naples,

K. Hamilton, Richmond; Wm. Johnson, Seneca; Shotwell Powell,
South Bristol; J. H. Boughton, Victor; Hiram Taft, W. Bloomfield;
Joshua Swin, Canadice.

Cor. Secretary-Gideon Granger, Canandaigua.
Rec. Secretary-John W. Holberton, do.

The machine is supported on two driving wheels, which act together

ely, keeping the knives in motion in turning either to the Treasurer--George Gorham,


right or left. Town Committees of three from each town in the county.

The cutter bar is attached to the frame by a DOUBLE HINGE JOIST, NIAGARA Co. AG. SOCIETY.—1 send you a list of the which allows either end to rise or fall without affecting the other.

adapting itself to all inegualities of the surface, and also adding great officers of the Niagara Co. Ag. Society for 1860:

ly to the strength of the machine.




One of the strongest proofs of the great success of the Buckeyer Secretary-P. D. Walter,

do. Directors D. A: Van Valkenburgh. Lockport: Philip Freeman, machine manufacturers have changed the construction of their own

Mower, is found in the fact that since its introduction, so many other i Royalton; Wm. Robinson, Lockport; Thos. Scovel, Cambria; A, machines, and introduced features in IMITATION of the BUCKEYK. Campbell, Newlane; D. Basserman, Lockport.

These imitations are all necessarily failures, as the desired advanta. The Society have, for several years past, held a Fair ges cannot be attained without infringing the Buckeye Patents. and Show in the spring, for the exhibition of stock ani. To tuk BUCKEYE MOWER, AND IS SECURED BY THE PATENTS OF Srn. mals, that the farmers may have a better opportunity for & ADAMS, AND AULTMAN & MALER, WHICH PATENTS WILL BE FULLY selecting such as they would prefer to breed from also SOSTAINED AGAINST 451 INFRINGEMENTS.

The greatest care will be taken in the selection of material, and the for the sale of stock, seeds, implements, &c. &c. . This construction of the Machine, and the Buckeye of 1860 will present year the spring Show will be held at Lockport on the 3d wishing to secure the best Mowing

Machine. of May.

K. Orders must be sent early to Secure Machines, My unfilled ordery


last season amounted to several hundred. Descriptive Circular, The Onondaga County Fair is to be held at Syra- with testimonials forwarded by mall, cuse, Sept. 26, 27 and 28.

JOHN P. ADRIANCE, Manufacturer and Proprietari muda olsas "anoisid The second Annual Fair and Cattle Show of the

Warehouse 163 Greenwich St., near Courtland, New York

SCHOONMAKER & JOHNSON, Agents, Afton Agricultural Society, will be held at the village of

Coeymans, Albany Co., N. Y.?:

JAS. WALKER & CO.. Agents Afton, Chenango Co., on the 12th and 13th of Sept, next.

25 Bollinto April 26--W&mtr.

Schenectady. N. Y. 0001017 gtas a

1 og ton Bijo!




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ONS. EUGENIA, (-) 3 yrs. old, with Bull Calf by 'Young Comet" by Farmers, Gardeners, Nurserymen, Fruit-growers, Dairymen, Cattle her side.

Dealers, and all persons interested in tilling the soil or adorning their VICTORINIG, (-) to calve in May-served by imported Duke of grounds and dwellings, will be supplied with the most complete as

Two young DEVON BULLS, imported sire.

sortment of Books relating to their business that can be found in the

world, by AYRSHIRES and ALDERNEY'S, male and female. ALFRED M. TREDWELL,

C. M. SAXTON, BARKER & Co., 45 Fulton st., New-York.

Agricultural Booksellers and Publishers of the Horticulturist, Residence-Madison, Morris Co., N. J. Ap 19-W4tmlt

No. 25 Park Row, New York,

Catalogues gratis. Books sent by mail. AGENTS WANTED. P O T A T O E S.

Mar 15-wlőtmät I received two years since, from the Seedsman to the Imperial Agricultural Society of France, a collection of ONE HUNDRED VARI. ETIES OF POTATOES, selected as the BEST, from upwards of Five Hundred varieties, collected from all parts of the world, and cultiva. ted by that Society for the purpose of testing their quality. This col. lection has been carefully cultivated during the past two seasons, and specimens exhibited at some of our State and County Fairs, which have attracted much attention. From these, SEVENTY-PTYR VARIETIES have been selected, which for their productiveness fine davor, and freedom from disease, can be recommended as every way desirable for general cultivation,

For the purpose of introducing as extensively as possible. I have put them up in collections as follows, which can be sent by Express to any part of the country: 75 varieties, 3 potatoes each, each sort distinctly, labeled,... $5.00 50



3.00 Also Davis Seedlings and Dovers at $1 per bushel Orders must be

GOOD AND DURABLE! accompanied with cash. Address

B. K. BLISS, Ap 19-W4tmlt

Springfield, Mass.

WA R R A NTED! SIER WILLOW CUTTING S- Send for Circulars, giving full description.

The best variety for market and for live fence. (Salix purpurea) -price $3 per 1000. By mail, postpaid, for experiment, $1 per 100. D, L, HALSEY,

BOARDMAN, GRAY & CO., Manufacturers,
Mar 15—witmēt
Victory, Cayuga Co., N. Y.


of the best known varieties, grown on upland and on lowland.
Price $6 per 1000. By mail, postpaid. 91 per 100.


Victory, Cayuga Co., N. Y. A new and novel process, so simple that any person can mend all

their old leaky tip
ware kettles, &c. Implements and materials, with

ThisCabbage is by far the most popular and profitable kind sold in

Ap 19--W8tmat

Middletown, Conn. Boston Market. It originated in Marblehead, Mass., and holds the same rank among cabbages as the Hubbard squash among squashes,

MERICAN GUANO being distinguished for its reliability for setting a symmetrical head remarkably hard and heavy. It is early, very fine grained and sweet, From Jarvis and Baker Islands, with a stump, when properly cultivated, of but one to two inches in length. Under fair cabbage culture, ninety-five per cent, will get good

In the South Pacific Ocean. heads to the acre : under good culture, frequently every plant on an Under the Protection of the U. S. Government. this cabbage, the Stone Mason, containing seed more than sufficient Imported by the American Guano Company, N. Y. to raise a winter's supply for one family, forwarded post paid to any part of the United States for 25 cents. One pound of seed forwarded This Guano, far superior to any other Fertilizer known, and of per. post-paid on the receipt of $4, or for $3 to parties paying their own manent value to the soil, is sold by the Company in large or small freight. I aim to introduce no product new to the public that will pot quantities, at $40 per ton. Liberal discount made to dealers. be a full return for the money they invest. I will give five dollars to

Every package sold by the Company will be stamped with their any person for one ounce of seed of any Drumhead Cabbage, that

TRADE-MARK. will excel this variety. JAMES J. H. GREGORY,


from the country will be promptly attended to. For full parMar 29-w7lm2t

Marblehead, Mass.
ticulars and pamphlets-Address AMERICAN GUANO CO..

No. 66 William Street, New-York.
RESIDENCE AND The above Guano is for sale at 366 Broadway, Albany.

April 5-w9tmlt.


NO FARMERS AND GARDENERS.ham, Orange Co., N. Y., 7 miles west of New burgh, on the Newburgh

The subscribers offer for sale 60,000 barrels of POUDRETTE, and Cochecton Turnpike.

made by the Lodi Manufacturing Company, in lots to suit purchasers. The House is 50 feet square, two stories high, basement kitchen. This article is in the twentieth year of its introduction into this comand built of stone. There is a large Farm House and Tepant House try, and has outlived fertilizers of every other description, for the fol Granary, &c., &c. A fine Apple Orchard-also a great variety of the L. M. c. who have a capital of over $100,000 invested in the business, also on the place, together with Carriage Houses, Barn, Hay Houses, lowing reasons:

ist. It is made from the night soll of the City of New York, by the choicest kinds of Fruit Trees in full bearing. The Farin contains 217 acres, mostly under a high state of cultiva

which is at risk should they make a bad article, tion, and is as healthy a location as can be found.

2d. For corn and vegetables it is the cheapest, neatest and handiest At least one half of the purchase money may remain on bond and manure in the world, it can be placed in direct contact with the seed; mortgage for a term of years.

forces and ripens vegetation two weeks earlier, prevents the cut worm, For further particulars apply to Judge JOHN J. MONELL, Newburgh,

doubles the crop, and is without disagreeable odor. Three dollars L. MURRAY PERRIS, jr., 62 South strech, New York, or to the subscriber worth or two barrels is all sufficient to manure an acre of corn in the on the premises,


hill. Mar 8-witmet

PRICK-1 bhl. $2–2 bbls. 43.50–5 blis. &, and over 6 bls. 21.30 per

barrel, delivered free of cartage to vessel or railroad in New York NORTH RIVER AGRICULTURAL WARE- City,

A pamphlet containing every information, and certificates from HOUSE AND SEED STORE

farmers all over the United States, who have used it from two to seven60 Courtland Street, New-York City.

teen years, will be sent free to any one applying for the

GRIFFING BROTJIERS & CO.. Farmers and Dealers will find it to their advantage to give us a call

Feb. 16_w13tm3t.

60 Courtlandt Street, New York. before purchasing their

IMPLEMENTS OR FERTILIZERS. Our motto has ever heen and still is to furnish the BEST ARTICLES

Government Brand and Weight on every bag. at the LOWEST PRICES.

SUPERPHOSPHATE OF LIME Our IMPLEMENTS are of the most improved patterns. Our

BONE DUST, LAND PLASTER, &c. GARDEN AND FIELD SEEDS For sale in quantities to suit purchasers, at lowest market price. Send Are selected from RELIABLE GROWERS.

for a Circular,

A. LONGETT, Our stock of FERTILIZERS comprises the following:

Mar 1-W&m3ms

34 Clin street, New York. No. 1 Peruvian Guano, warranted pure, "Hoyt's" Superphosphate of Lime, the best in the market.

L BANY TILE WORKS, Poudrette, manufactured by the Lodi Manufacturing Company.

CORSER CLINTON AVENUE AND KNOX STREET, ALBANY, N. Y. Blood and Wool Manure, $25 per ton.

The Subscribers, being the most extensive manufacturers of DRAIN.

ING TILE in the United States, have on band, in large or small quanBone Sawings, Turnings and Ground Bone.

tities, for Land Draining, ROUND, SOLE and HORSE-SHOE TILE, Land Plaster &c.

warranted superior to any made in this country, hard-burned, and We will furnish Dealers with any of the above Fertilizers in quan- over one foot in length. Orders Bolleited. Price List sent on applicatities to suit at the lowest rates. GRIFFING, BROTHERS & CO., tion.

C. & W. MeCAMMON Feb. 9—w&m3mos. Proprietors. Jan. Ø-wtf.-Feb 1-mts,

Albany, N. X.



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the most important points to be looked to in selecting a Mow and freeness of side draft, it has no equal, and the perfect control the ing and Reaping Machine. To secure this the

Machine itself should driver
in his seat has over the machine,

makes it the most desirable be light, and yet made of such material as to insure perfect strength, in want

of a machine, to buy the Kirby American Harvester, and to

machine in the market; and I can cheerfully recommend my friends chines by exposure to the weather. The frame of the Kirby machine buy the combined machine; for a farmer is short-sighted to buy a is made of iron, in one piece, and of sạch form as to secure the great machine that will do but half of his work, when for

a little extra he est strength with the least possible weight. The boxes of the gearing can get one to do all.

EDWIN WILLIAMS. shafts are cast on, and are a part of this frame—thus securing beyond

MINDEN, Montgomery Co., N. Y.. Jan. 24, 1860. a doubt that all the gearing shall retain the same relative position, Messrs. B. & A. SMITH: Gents The Kirby American Harvester without reference to exposure to wet or heat, as long as the machine that I bought of you this season, has given me entire satisfaction. lasts; while in machines with wood frames, or frames of wood and I consider it by far the best Machine in use in this section, and I am iron combined, the relative position of the gears and all the bearings familiar with most of the prominent Machines. I have used a Ketch. must inevitably be changed by every exposure to rain and sunshine; um Machine for six years, and sold it this summer. I decided to try thus the gears are made to mash too deep and run hard, or not deep the Kirby, because I consider it by much the best Machine in lightenough, and actually slip gear, and any one at all acquainted with the ness of draft and its adaptation to uneven surfaces. I know of no qualities of timber can see that the

working and draft of a machine Machine that will in any way equal it. It works perfectly as a Reaper, may by this means be very much affected, and from this cause alone I reaped all my grain with it. I would recommend it as fully for reap. may possibly become entirely useless in two or three seasons. The ing as mowing. I am at a loss to understand why a farmer will buy a Kirby is free from any such objection. The boxes are lined with Bab. machine that will mow only, when he can get one that will do the bit metal, and the longer it is used the easier it will work. Send for whole work. You have but to get a farmer to try the Kirby, and he book with full description and the opinions of those who have used is sure to buy it. Yours respectfully,

H. C. SANDERS. them. GLENVILLE, Schenectady Co., N. Y., Sept. 26, 1859.

The undersigned, having used Mr. Sanders' Kirby Machine, and GENTLEMEN-I have used one of Kirby's American Harvesters two

seen it at work, join with him in recommending it to the public as a seasons, and am perfectly satisfied that in respect to durability, light, ahead as a Mower and Reaper to any other machine in this section,

very perfect and desirable Machine, and would say that it is far ness of draft, ease of management and quality of work, it is surpassed

JACOB SANDERS. by no other machine with which I am acquainted, either as a mower

S. F. SMITH, or reaper, and there are a number of different machines in the neigh

Jan. 24, 1860.

JACOB P. BELLINGER. borhood. I have used it on both

smooth and rough ground, and am satified there is no machine before the public which, for lightness of

FISHKILL, Duchess Co., N. Y., Jan. 1, 1860. draft, amount of work, and ability to keep the surface of the ground, D, M, OSBORSE & Co.: Gents-The Kirby Machine I bought of your through ditches and over stones, free from side drast, comfortable agent at Poughkeepsie, works to a charm-it suits me exactly. As a position for the driver and raker, workmanlike manner in wbich the Mower, I found the draft light, very easy for two horses; there is no grass and grain are cut and laid, and durability, all considered, com- weight on the necks of the horses, and very little side draft. I can bine so many advantages as this machine ; therefore I cheerfully re- mcw an acre of grass an hour with ease. For simplicity,

durability, commend it above all others, to any farmer who wishes 4 machine. and strength, the Machine is superior to any I ever saw. I cut twen:

Yours, DANIEL KNAPP. ty-five acres grass over smooth, rough and uneven ground, and it TO D. M. OSBORNE & Co.

travels over small ditches without any difficulty. The independent OASA JOMARIE, Feb. 21, 1860.

action of the finger bar I consider a decided improvement; it makes MESARS. B. & A. SMITH: Gents, I have used your Kirby American the machine better aeapted to rough, uneven ground. 'Keep the Harvester the past season with entire satisfaction, both as a Mower knives sharp, and there will be no difficulty

in mowing any kind of and Reaper. I have cut lodged clover around the piece, cutting it grass, either coarse or fine. I consider the Kirby Machine

preferable the way it was lodged, shorter stubble than my neighbors did with the to any other I have seen, and would cheerfully recommend it to any Hallenbeck machine, cutting against the lodge. I am satisfied I did that need one. Yours, &c., SYLVESTER TOWNSEND. much better work than I could have done with the scythe or any other Manufactured by D, M. OSBORNE & CO., AUCURN, N. Y., and 145 machine that I have used. As a Reaper, I do not think it has an equal; it reaps perfectly, cutting all of the grain and delivering it so

Pratt st., BALTIMORE, Md., and for sale at their factories, and by their it will dry about as well as from the cradle. I am satisfied a farmer agents, GRIFFING BROS. & Co., 60 Courtlandt street, New-York ; will save enough with it from his farm in one year, more than he PLANT & BRO., St. Louis, Mo.; HOOKER & JONES. 107 Lake st., independent action of the driving

wheel, allowing it to be in a dead Chicago; CARTER & BUCHANAN, Louisville, Ky; ARMSTRONG furrow, and passing over obstructions without interfering with the & CO., Nashville, Tenn., and by agents in every county., so it cuts a uniform height of stubble, is a great superiority April 12–May 24

Conteuts of this Number.










Would respectfully inform his friends that his new PLANT CATA:* Editorial Notes Abroad-Agriculture of Norfolk,

137 LOGUE is now ready, and will be mailed to all applicants enclosing a How to Make Farming Pay-III-by S. EDWARDS TODD,

140 three-cent stamp. It will be found to contain many novelties in the Deep Plowing Opposed, by J. G. C.,..

142 way of DAHLIAS, PHLOXES, VERBENAS, PETUNIAS, CHRY. Farm Improvement, No. 3-keeping Stock,

143 SANTHEMUMS, FUCHSIAS, &c., &c., well deserving the attention Corn Growing in Pennsylvania, by JAMES M. KINKEAD,

143 of all who may wish to ornament their grounds during the ensuing Duchess County Agricultural Society...

season. Address

Winter Farming in Albany County,

144 Ap 19-W4tmlt

Springfield, Mass. Callanan's Drain Trencher,

148 Importance of Farmer's Clubs,

148 Western New York Ag, and Mech. Association,

149 The Woodward Gate, by Geo, E. WOODWARD, .

152 Culture and Value of Millet, by C. Wood Davis...

154 A Practical Treatise on the Culture of this excellent fruit, sent to Importance of Farm Accounts, by N, REED,..

155 all applicants on receipt of 12 cents in postage stamps. Address Best Way to Make Hay Caps, by E...


W. H. STARR, Farmers Should Teach Each other,

158 Ap 26—2tmit

East New-London, Conn. Inquiries and Answers...

159 Clod Crushers, Book Farming, &c., by Book FARMER,


THRESH Death of Hon. B. V. French, by COLUMELLA..


162 Composting Anirnal Matter, by S. D...

ING MACHINES for sale by

A. LONGETT, Corn Culture in Kentucky, by A KY, FARMER,


May 1-m3t

34 Cliff street, New York. Notes for the Month,....

163 THE GRAZIER AND BREEDER. Live and Dead Weight of Cattle,


FAN MILLS. Sheep Feeding in Albany County,


They will chaff and screen wheat in passing through the mill once. Vertigo in Horses, by B. F, E.,.

146 Pleuro-Pneumonia in Cattle,


in the most perfect manner, and all kinds of grain and seed. War

ranted the very best in use. Scratches in Horses, by Not a v. s..

150 Western llog House and Corn Orib, by C. G. TAYLOR,

Patent Rights for sale of all the Western States, 152


I. T. GRANT & Co. Treatment of Spavin,

May 1-m12t

Junction, Rensselaer Co..

N. Y. Cotton Seed Meal for Cattle,.

151, 154 Sheep-Coarse ys, Fine Wooled, by S. L. B.,

154 Gain in Feeding Cattle, by JOHN JOHNSTON,

158 Feeding Cut Hay to Hogs, by J. L. R...

158 Cooked Feed for Hogs, by J. WIDNEY, ...

161 500,000 cultivated Cranberry Plants of the celebrated Bell, or Up Film on the Eyes of Cattle, by W. P.,

161 land, and URERRY or Marsh varieties, on the most favorable terms. HORTICULTURAL DEPARTMENT.

WM, H. STARR, East New-London Nurseries, Ap 26-W2tmit

East New-London, Conn. Culture of the Currant--Best Varieties,..

139 The Peach Borer--Egeria exitiosa, by r. V. PETICOLAS,


I H E G R E A T A U S T.IN How to Grow Large Cauliflowers,

151 Designs for Ornamental Grounds,


SHAKER SEEDLING STRAWBERRY. Transplanting, Pruning and Watering Trees...

156 Protecting Trees from Mice and Rabbits-The Yellows in Peach

This remarkable Seedling originated at the Shaker settlement in Trees-The Borer in the Hickory-The Curculio, by H.,

157 Watervliet, N. Y., four years ago, and having proved it to be perfect

ly hardy, a great bearer, and fine-favored, we now offer it to the pubRURAL IMPROVEMENT.

uc, feeling confident that it will give satisfaction. It was grown beBalloon Frames for Buildings, No. 3, by Geo. E. WOODWARD...... 147 side the Wilson's Albany Seedling last year, and proven to be quite as Gates for Parks, Country Seats, Farms, &c., by Gro. E. WOODWARD, 153 productive, and about twice as large. The Austin Seedling is helieved Western Hog House and Corn Crib, by C. G. TAYLOR,...........

152 to be the LARGEST STRAWBERRY IN THE WORLD. Tbe following is a Plans of Grounds,.....

155 correct description : Plant vigorous; foliage very large ; foot stalks

long and stout; fruit very large, and broadly conical; color, bright THE DAIRY DEPARTMENT.

crimson; flesh rather firm, mildly acid with a rich and high Oavor: Clean Milking of Cows, by G. P. S.,


flowers ştaminate; in full bearing about the 25th of June. Many of Cotton Beed Meal for Milch Cows, by JUDSON WADSWORTU, 151

the berries will measure over two inches in diameter. Twelve

picked from a bed without extra selection, weighed one pound. We are DOMESTIC ECONOMY.

aware that many new seedling strawberries have been recently cffered Recipe for Cottage Pudding, by J. B. C.,


to the public that have not given satisfaction. We propose to exhiCoal Tar for Painting, by JAMES OPIE,.


bit plants of the Austin in full bearing, in pots, and berries in baskets, Ice Cream and Cake, by Lucy, ..

from the 15th of June to the 4th of July, at the following places:

161 Cheap Paint, by A. B.


At Wm. S. Carpenter's office, 468 Pearl street, Now York; office of

Hovey's Magazine of Horticulture, Boston; office of Moore's Rural THE POULTRY YARD.

New Yorker, at Rochester; office of Country Gentleman, Albany; African Poultry--New Way of Raising Chickens, by W. P. G...... 142 This will give all an opportunity to see and taste this remarkable ber

F: ers' Club of American Institute, New York, and at Philadelphia. THE BEE-KEEPER'S DEPARTMENT.

ry, and if any having ordered do not feel satisfied after seeing for Transferring Bees, by II, M. TWINING..


themselves, the money will be refunded, if desired, before the plants

are delivered. The plants will be sold for $4 per dozen, or $25 per The Australian Stingless Bee, by E. II. COLLINS...... ......... 157 hundred. Orders received immediately for plants to be delivered in ILLUSTRATIONS.

July and August in rotation, as ordered. Address either Improved Currants,

CHAUNCY MILLER, Albany, N. Y., Shaker Trustee; or 139 | Balloon Frames,


WM. S. CARPENTER, 468 Pearl street, New York, Sheep Trough,

145 Hog-pen and Corn crib, 153 Woodward's Gates,.. 152 Plans of Grounds,

Ap 26-w4tmlt 155


Notice to Farmers,

The subscriber sells all kinds of Agricultural Implements-among They are so improved as to be taken down and packed in boxes for share's Patent Coulter Harrow, and Grain-Coverer..

which are transportation. One dozen can be packed in a box of about six cubic

$15 Potato Covering and Iloeing machines,.

10 seet. "We also make the Grapevine Cradle. All of the above are made of the best material and workmanship. For Price List, address Plows, from ....

Cultivating and Hilling machines, 1. T. GRANT & CO.,

$1.95 to

May 1-m12t
Junction, Rensselaer Co., N. Y. Corn and Seed-Planters and Drills,

OR SALE—The two-year-old SHORT- Hay and Fodder Cutters,
HORNED DURILAM BULL "ORION," got hy imported Bull Saw. Mills,...

Horse-Powers, and Threshers and Cleaners, Squire Gwynne 11," 1101, out of " Fillpail IV."* &c., &c., both from Cider. Mills,


20 Thorne's herd. See American Herd Book. The subscriber offers him for sale on very reasonable terms, having

Telegraph Churns.. another Bull not so nearly connected to his stock.

Also, Rakes, Forks, Ox-Yokes, Dog-Powers, Churns, Corn-Shellers, Any one wishing to purchase may, for pedigree or further particu. For particulars address,

and in fact every thing required by the Farmer, and seeds of all kinds. lars, address

W. W. EGGLESTON, Ap 5-W3tmt Clinton Corners, Duchess co., N. Y. Ap. 26--W4tilt

Albany, N, Y. >


-Being a 2d and Illustrated edition of Agricultural Botany : an HORSE HOES, expanding.

enumeration and description of useful plants and weeds, which merit CIDER MILLS AND PRESS

the notice or require the attention of American agriculturists. By CORN SHELLERS, various kinds.

Wm, Darlington, M. D. Every Farmer or Farmer's Son who wishes EXCELSIOR FAN MILLS, three sizes.

to know the names and character of the plants growing on his farm

should study this book. For sale at the office of the Co. Gent, and STALK AND HAY CUTTERS.


L. TUCKER & SON. GRAIN CRADLES AND HORSE RAKES, &c., &c. Now Ready and for Sale at this Office-Sent by Mail Post-Paid on ReFor sale by A. LONGETT,

ceipt of One DollarMay 1--m3t

34 Cliff street, New York. TREAT CURIOSITY.-Particulars sent free. Agenis wanted.

How to Cultivate and Preserve Celery. By THEOPHILUS RORSsLk of

SHAW & CLARK, Dec. --W13tmot

the Delavan House, Albany, N. Y. Edited with a Preface by Henry Biddeford, Me. S. Olcott."


I. T. G R A N T

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