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But they love them for their commendable qualities or perfections; whether natural or moral; because, in whomsoever these are, they are from God, and can be traced to hiip as their fountain. Finally, regenerating grace sets the Affections fo firmly on God, that the man is disposed, at Gou's command, to quit his hold of every thing else, in order to keep his hold of Chrift; to hate father and mother, in comparison with Christ, Luke xiv, 26. It makes even lawful enjoyments like Joseph's mantle, to hang loose about a man ; that he may quit' them when he is in hazard to be ensnared by holding them.
If the Atream of our Affections was never thus turned, we are; doubtless, going down the stream into the pit. If the luit of the eye, the luft of the flesh, and the pride of life, have the throne in our hearts, which should be possessed by the Father, Son, and holy Ghoft; if we never had so much love to God, as to ourselves; if sin has been somewhat bitter to us, but never so bitter as suffering, never so bitter as the pain of being weaned from it: truly we are strangers to this faving change. For grace turns the Affections upside down, whenever it comes into the heart.
FOURTHLY, The conscience is renewed. Now, that a new light is set up in the soul in regeneration conscience is enlightned, instructed, and informed. That candle of the Lord,
and sends forth its light into the most retired corners of the heart; discovering fins which the foul was net aware of before : and, in a special manner, discovering the corruption or depravity of nature, that seed and spawn whence -all actual lins proceed. This produces the new complaint, Rom. vii. 24. " O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the budy of this death?" That confcience which lay seeping in the man's bosom before, is now awakened, and makes its voice to be heard through the whole foul: and therefore there is ro more relt for him io the fluggard's bed'; he must get up and be doirog, arise, baste and escape for his life. lt powerfully incites
obedience ; even in the mott fpiritual ads, which ly not within the view of the natural conscience; and powerfully refrains from lin, eren from these fins which do not ly open to the observation of the world. It urgesh the sovereign authoriiy of God, 10 which the heart is now reconciled, and which it willingly acknowledges : and fo it engageth the man to his duty, whatever be the hazard from the world ; for it fills the heart so with the fear of God, that the force of the fear of man
is broken. This hath engaged many to put their life in their hand ; and follow the cause of religion they once contemned, and resolutely walk in the path they formerly abhorred. Gal.
“ He which persecuted us in vimes palt, now preacheth the faith which once he destroyed.” Guilt now makes the Cinscience to smart. It hath bitrer remorse for fins past, which fills the soul with anxiety, forrow and self loathing. And every mew reflexion on these fins, is apt to affect and make its wounds, bleed afresh with regret. It is made tender, in point of sin and duty, for the time to come ; being once burnt, it deads the fire; and fears to break the hedge, where it was formerly bit by the serpent. Finally, The renewed conscience drives the finner to Jesus Christ, as the only physician that can draw out the fting of guilt; and whole blood alone can purge
the conscience from dead works," Heb. ix. 14. refusing all ease offered to it from any other hand. And this is an evidence that the conscience is not only fired, as it may be in an unre. generate state, but oiled also, with regenerating grace.
FIFTHLY, As the Memory wanted not its share of depravitys it is also bettered by regenerating grace. The Memory is weakened with respect to those things that are not worth their room thereiir; and men are taught to forger injuries, and drop their resentments, Matth. v. 44, 45. “ Do good to them that kate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you --That ye niay be fi. e. appear to be) the children of
Father which is in heaven." It is strengthened for spiritual things. We have Solomon's receipt for an ill menory, Prov. iii. 1. "My son, faith he, forget not my law." But how shall it be
kept in mind ? “ Let thine heart keep my commandments." - Grace, makes a heart-memory, even where there is no good head memory: Psal. cxix. 11. “Thy word have I hid in my heart.” The heart truly touched with the powerful swertuess of truth, will help the memory to retain what is lo relished, Did divine truths make deeper impressions on our hearts, they would thereby inspress themselves with more force on our memories, Plal. cxix. 93. " I will never forget thy precepts, for with them thou hast quickned me Grace fanctifies the memory. Many have large, but unfan&tified memories which ferve only to gather knowledge, whereby to aggravate their condemnation : but the renewed
il remember his cominsandments to do them," Pfal. ciii. 18. It is a sacred store-house, from whence à Chriftian is furnished in his
way Zion : for faith and hope are often fupplied out of it, in a dark
hour. It is the fore house of former experiences; and these are the believer's way-marks, by noticing of which, he comes to know where he is, even in a dark time, Pfal. xlii. 6. “ my God, my foul is cast down withio me : therefore will I remember thee from the land of Jordan, &c. It also helps the foul to gadly sorrow and self-loathing, presenring old guilt anew before the conscience: and making it bleed afresh, tho' the fin be already pardoned, Psal. xxv. 7. “ Remember nor the fios of my youth.” And where unpardoned guilt is lying on the fleeping copscience, it is often employed to bring in a word, which in'a moment sets the whole soul a-stir ; as when Peter remembered the words of Jefus.--" he went out and wept bitterly,'". Matth. xxvi. 75. The word of God laid up in a fanctified memory, serves a man to refift temptations, puts the sword in his band againlt the spiritual enemies, and is a slight to direct bis steps in the way of religion and righrcousness.
SixrHLY, There is a change made on the body, and the members thereof, - in respect of their ufe : they are confecrared to the Lord. Even the body is for the Lord, I Cor. vi. 13. It is the temple of the holy Gbolt, ver. 19. The members thereaf, that were formerly initrumenis of unrigh eoufnors unto fin, become instruments of righteousness unto God, Rom. vi. 13. Servants to righteousness unto holiness, ver. 19. The
that conveyed-sinful imaginations into the heart, is under a covenant, Job xxxi
. to do fo co more; but to serve the foul in viewing the works, and reading the word of God. The ear that had often been death's porter to-let in fio, is turned to be the gate of life, by which the word of life enters the soul. The tongue that set on fire the whole course of nature, is restored to the office it was designed for by the Creator ; namely, to be an instrument of glorifying him, and setting forth his praise, In a word, the whole nan is for God, in soul and body, which by this blessed change are made his.
LASTLY, This gracious change shines forth in the conversa tion. Even the outward man is renewed. A new lieart makes Bewness of life. When the King's daughter is all glorious within, her clothing is of wrought gold, Pial. xiv, 13. The Gurgle eye niakes the whole body full of light, Matth. vi. 22. This change will appear in every part of one's conversation, particularly in these following things.
1. In the change of his company. Tho' sometimes he deSpised the company of the saints, now they are excellent, in whom is all his delight, Pfal. xvi. 3. “ I am a companion of allthat fear thee." faith the royal Pfalmift, Pfal. cxix. 63. : A renewed man joins himself with the saints : for he and they are like minded, in that which is their main work and business : They have all one new nature: They are all travelling 10 IMMANUEL's land, and converse together in the language of Canaan. In vaio do men pretend to religion, while ungodly company is their choice : for, " A companion of fools fall be destroyed, Prov. xii. 20. Religion will make man shy of throwing himself into an ungodly family, or any unnecessary familiarity with wicked men: as one that is clean, will beware of going into an infected house.
2. In his relative capacity, he will be a new man. Grace makes men gracious in their several relations, and nativelyleads them to the conscientious performance of relative duties. It does not only make good men, and good woinen : but, makes good subjects, good husbands, good wives, children, servants, and, in a word, good relatives in the church common-wealth and family. It is a just exception made againīt the religion of many, namely, that they are bad relatives, they are ill husbands, wives, malters, servants, &c. How will we prove ourselves to be new creatures, if we be ftill just such as we were before, in our several relations, 2 Cor. v. 17. “ Therefore, if any man be in Chrift, he is a new creature : old things are passed away; behold all things are become new.? Real godliness will gain a testimony to a man, from the consci. ences of his nearest relations, tho' they know more of his linful infirmities, than others do, as we see in that case, 2 Kings iv. 2.
Thy servant, ny husband is dead, and thou knowest hat thy servant did fear the Lord.”
3. In the way of his following his wordly business, there is a great change. It appears to be no more his all, as some time it was. Though faints apply themselves to worldly business, as well as others ; ýet their hearts are not swallowed up in it. It is evident they are carrying on a trade with heaven, as well as a trade with earth, Philip. iii. 20. “For our conversation is in heaven.” And they go about their employment in the world as a dury laid upon them by the Lord of all; doing their lawful business as the will of God, Ephes. vi. 9. working, because he has said, “ Thou shalt not steal.”
4. They bave a special concern for the advancement of the kingdom of Christ in the world : they espoule the interests of religion, and * prefer Jerufalem above their chief joy," Psal. cxxxvii. 6. How privately foever they live, grace makes
them a public spirit, which will concern itself in the ark and work of God; in the gospel of God; and in the people of God, even these of them whom they never saw in the face. As children of God, they naturally care for these things.
They have a new and unwonted concern for the spiritual good of others. And no sooner do they taste of the power of grace themselves, but they are inclined to set up to be agents for Christ and holiness in this world.; as appears in the case of the woman of Samaria, who, when Christ had manifefted himself to her, went her
way into the city, and faith unto the men, come see a man which told me all things that ever I did : Iš not this the Christ?” John'iv. 28, 29. They have seen and felt the evil of sin, and therefore pity the world lying in wickedness. They would fain pluck the brands out of the fire, remembring that they themselves were plucked out of it. They will labour to commend religion to others, both, by word and example ; and rather deny themselves their liberty in indifferent things, than by the uncharitable use of its destroy others, i Cor, viii13 " Wherefore, if meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh while the world ftandeth, left I make my brother to offend.??
5. In their ule of lawful comforis, there is a great change. They rest not in them, as their end; but use them as means to help them in their way. They draw their satisfaction from the higher springs, even while the lower springs are running. Thus Hannah having obtained a fon, rejoiced not so much in the gift, as in the giver, 1 Sam. ii. 1." And Hannah prayed; and said, My heart rejoicech in the Lord.” Yea, when the comforts of life are gone, they can subbilt without them, and
rejoice in the Lord, altho' the fig-tree do not blossom,” Habo iii. 17. 18. Grace teacheth to use the conveniencies of a present life paflingly; and to thew a holy moderation in all things. The heart, which formerly immersed itself in these things without fear, is now shy of being over-much pleased with them; and being apprehensive of danger, uses them warily: as the dogs of Egypt run while they lap their water out of the river Nile, for fear of the Crocodiles that are in it.
LASTLY, This change thines forth in the man's performance of religious duties. He wiro lived in the neglect of them, will do so, no more, if once the grace of God enter into his heart. If a man be new-born, he will delire the fincere milk of the word, 1 Pet. ii. 2. Whenever the prayerless person gets the fpirit of grace, he will be in him a Spirit of fupplication, Zech. xii, 10. It is as natural for one that is born again, to