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parte.-On the 14th inst., at Chepstow-villas, his novel Sant Ilario,' " which to this day Bayswater, H. H. the Prince Louis Olovis Bona- receives from another a yearly tribute, paid alterparte, aged 35.” He was, therefore, born about nately in the shape of a golden rose and a golden 1861, during the lifetime of Marianna Cecchi. spur”?
F. D. H. How, then, could be take the title of prince ? Was the marriage with Marianna Cecchi annulled ?
REFERENCE WANTED.—Washington Irving, in G. MILNER-GIBSON-CULLUM.
his ‘History of New York' (pref. xxix), gives the
following as an extract from Aristotle:" ONCE" FOR “ WHEN ONCE."—Within the
“Wars, conflagrations, deluges, destroy nations, and last few years this misuse of the word once has with them all their monuments, their discoveries, and become quite common. Is it & provincialism, their vanities. The torch of Science has more than which has gradually slipped into common use by once been extinguished and rekindled—a few individuals mere unconscious imitation? I read, “Once he who have escaped by accident reunite the thread of
generations. had crossed the river, his victory was certain." “when once,” or simply " when,” is here
Is this a genuine quotation ? If so, I shall feel the proper form of expression, J. Dixon.
obliged if any one will give me the reference.
J.O. SURNAMES.—I am collecting materials for a now TITLE OF BARON (ISLAND OF BUTE).-dictionary of surnames, and should be much
“ The Butemen, in fighting times, were called Branobliged by the assistance of any of your corre- dams, a distinction much prized, and the numerous small spondents. Is there a class of surnames derived landed proprietors, in virtue of a charter granted them from cognizances, crests, house signs, and the like? in 1506 by James IV., took the title of Baron, which is Peacock, Gull
. The title is all but extinct, ling, &c., look like this. "But I doubt whether with one or two exceptions, having passed into the Bute
family." most or all of them may not be otherwise classed. What is the title worth? Does it confer any Gull, compared with Gully, looks like a contraction of something else, possibly Gaillaume. So dignity? Is it still recognized? How many Were private houses ever distinguished by signs? Bateman's pedigree, I shall be much obliged if any Bull, compared with Bally, Bulleid, Boleyn, &c. families are there on the island entitled to this
As I am interesting myself in a Every house in Karlsbad, in a German part of Bohemia, has, to this day, its sign, now usually contributor to your columns will kindly help me.
YOUNG GENEALOGIST. expressed only in words—e.g., “Zum Herzog von
North Shields, Edimburg." But there nearly every house is a lodging-house.
T. WILSON. “INCENSE - BREATHING MORN."—What is the HENRY Pelham is said to have matriculated at has a flavour of Milton, and two instances of which
precise meaning of this epithet, which certainly Oxford on Sept. 6, 1710, aged fifteen. Can any I have found ?-one in Gray's "Elegy written in a reader of ' N. & Q.' give me the exact date of his birth ?
The breezy call of incense-breathing morn,
The swallow twittering from the straw-built shed,
The cock's shrill clarion, or the echoing horn, cropped up again in ‘N. & Q.,'I should like to say that there are several unsettled dates in his The other occurs in Wordsworth’s ‘Ecclesiastical
No more shall rouse them from their lowly bed. early career which I should be glad to enlist friendly Sonnets' No. xl.); aid in determining. Among them are the very important ones of his birth and marriage. Also that
Yet will we not conceal the precious Cross,
Like men ashamed: the Sun with his first smile of the first edition of his 'Worke of the Beast,' no
Shall greet that symbol crowning the low Pile; copy of which has yet come within my ken. For And the fresh air of incense-breathing morn some years I have been at work upon his life, and Bhall wooingly embrace it. find but little difficulty in getting full details after
JOAN PICKFORD, M.A. 1642; up to that period it is naturally not so Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. asy. HALLIDAY SPARLING. [The meaning does not seem to offer much difficulty
if we accept incensezodour or perfume.] SOURCE OF COUPLET.-In what book does the following couplet occur? I suppose that the Holy
BEDDOES. -Is it not desirable that 'N. & Q.' Scriptures are meant :
should take upon itself the task of unravelling the Hic liber est in quo quærit sua dogmata quisque,
mystery that surrounds the death of Beddoes, the Invenit et pariter dogmata quisque sua.
dramatist? The 'Encyclopædia Britannica' says E. WALFORD.
that it was the result of an accident that took
place while he was out riding. The 'Dictionary IRISH FAMILY. What is the “great Irish of National Biography' gives an account that sugfamily," alluded to by Mr. Marion Crawford in gests suicide. I do not know what place (if any)
Beddoes is likely to occupy in the firmament of some other interesting books sold at the same sale, fame; but there are so many cases in which which I shall be glad to transcribe for the readers lugubrious stories—always flatly contradicted by of 'N. & Q.’if of sufficient interest. somebody or other—are told about the death of men
W. SYKES, F.S.A. of genius (I need only instance Gilbert, Otway, Jean Gosport. Jacques Rousseau, and Voltaire) that it seems undesirable to add another to the number. Besides,
Beylies, the death of Beddoes is a comparatively recent event, and so it may be possible to arrive at the
JOAN I. OF NAPLES. trutb.
T. P. ARMSTRONG.
(8th S. v. 261, 301, 369, 429, 509; vi. 29.) HOGARTH ENGRAVINGS.-At the sale of the Having in his first tilt at me questioned whether property of the late Miss Langtry, of Alverstoke, I had_looked into Muratori's collection at all, the last survivor of an old Alverstoke family, a L. L. K. now censures me for having followed at set of Hogarth’s 'Marriage à la Mode' and two least the Chronicle of Gravina therein too closely. other Hogarth’s engravings, viz., 'Paul before Felix,' Was it not L. L. K. who first pushed to the front and one from the painting in the Foundling Hos- Matteo Camera, having stated that it was a " dispital, were disposed of recently, while she left appointment" to find that I had made no mention another Hogarth engraving, 'Garrick as Richard of him? He now rebukes me for relying on III.,'to a friend.
Camera, and confounds my statements as to the In connexion with these prints I find the follow- respective chronicles of Bazzano and Gravina, ing original letter pasted in a copy of Hogarth's branding the former author as a prevaricator. If
Analysis of Beauty,' opposite the name and book- L. L. K. will look at the asterisk and note on plate of the Rev. Purefoy Collis, 1758. The letter p. 430, 'N. & Q.,' he will see that it is Gravina's is addressed to the Rev. Mr. Purefoy Collis, at account of the Durazzo wedding to which I referred Alverstoke, near Gosport, Hants, and is as follows: as a fabrication, not Bazzano's. It is Gravina, in
DEAR PYE,-On Fryday last, the day after Mr. Hogarth the pay of the brother of Louis of Hungary, advertised the delivery of his Prints
, I received one of Stephen, the Vaiwode of Transylvania, who the first impressions for you. I think it's very well romances about the said wedding, as he does about executed and much about the size of his former of Mr. so much else. Of one thing, however, I am certain, Garrick. I suppose you will have it framed in the same and that is, had L. L. K. really known the Modena manner, which I'll take care to have done by the same Chronicle he would not have thus branded its person as soon as I receive your orders. Harry is still at Bath, and no one here knows when he intends to aathor as a provaricator ! return from thence, but I shall expect him about Par. Muratori, in his 'Annali,' makes constant use liament time, or conclude him Pettycoatly detained. of the Modena Chronicle; but with reference to They have it at Oxford yt Lord Cornbury will be called the death of Andrew, he gives more attention to up by writt to the House of Lords, the beginning of the that of Gravina, and, I think, rather unfairly come vacant, to supply which there are two candidates omits to mention that the Modena Chronicle, the already thought of,"
sr Edward Turner and 8: Roger author of which he elsewhere praises as “neque Nowdigate, both of the same way of thinking, so that indiligentem neque judicii indignum," exculpates in all probability the other party will find out a Third, Joanna. L. L. K. shows that Muratori does not and make some Bustle in the Election, Though I have had no answer, I hope you received my regard to Andrew's supposed "incompetency;"
give bis authority for the hearsay statement in last with your note to Armstrong safe.
Nothing stirring in Town but Executions and Rob. I think a glance at Collenucio will tell him who beries. My compliments to Mr Prachy [?]. I hope you the authority was, and perhaps the reason why have had a merry Xmas and I wish you many happy new Muratori did not mention him. years. I am, Dear Pye,
On my return to England the other day I again yr most aff. Friend & humble servt
turned to the Ecclesiastical Annals (tom. i. H. Craven St., Jan. 8th, 1750.
Spondanus, Continuatio Cæsar Baronius), ann. Can of your readers suggest—(1) Judging
1348, and found the following strange little by date of letter, which of the engravings sold at
passage:Miss Langtry's sale is referred to in the above "Die quintadecima Martii, solemni pompâ universis letter; (2) what Mr. P. Dodwell, of Craven Street, Clementi Papå benigne excepta atque publico consistorio
obviantibus Cardinalibus, sub umbella ingressa est; et à wrote the letter in question; and (3) who was the audita tanta facundia, præsentibus etiam in civitate Harry likely to be " Petticoatly detained ” in Bath oratoribus Regis Hungariæ, Causam suam peroravit, ut mentioned therein?
omnibus ritè perpensis insons existimata fuerit necis viri There are many elaborate genealogical notes sui Andreæ.” concerning the Langtrys (stated to be originally Raynaldus, as has been shown by L. L. K., and from Lancashire), the Purefoys, and the Collises, as I was quite aware, gives us a letter from together with notes of their arms, contained in Clement to Louis of Hungary, in which the Pope
states that he had not wished the queen to come the whole Angevine dynasty of Naples. She bas into the Curia at all; that he had even sent been alternately described as a sort of Jael, a envoys as well as letters in order to dissuade her Jezebel, a Messalina, a Bess of Hardwick, a Jane from coming, but that, she being sovereign of Pro- Grey, a Mary Stuart. But to wish a certain man vence, he was at last persuaded by his cardinals were not your husband, to object to his ambitions, that she ought to be received in becoming style : to counteract them even, is not enough, I venture to "fuerat fratrum nostrorum Consilium quod eadam consider, to warrant stamping one as his murderer Regina recipi ut Regina debebat.” But what did it in the event of his being politically assassinated. not mean and involve to receive Queen Joanna and Yet this is, practically, what happened to Queen her husband at Avignon under such circumstances, Joanna in ber twenty-first year (she was born in she burning to clear herself of a criminal accusa- 1325). tion and resolved to force the anxious Clement to The burden of substantiating her guilt lies restore her to her kingdom ? Clement simply says with some other writer than myself,-perhaps with he could not compel her to keep away. We may, L. L. K., if he cares to undertake the task. Let therefore, take it for certain, almost, that she did me gently remind him, while it occurs to me, that come and was heard. Baluze (' Secunda Vita the question of her proven guilt is, perhaps, of Clementis VI.') tells us plainly, “Venerunt ambo more moment than our own reciprocal chidinge, simul in Curiam” (Ludovicus et Johanna), that is, however erudite. If, therefore, be can prove her Luigi of Taranto and Joanna. Still, it is right to to have been guilty, by all means let him do so. mention here that, besides clearing herself of the Had there been no other motive for the bungling charge lodged against her by Louis and his mother, assassination of her boy-husband than her own Elizabeth, she had to procure Clement's formal dissatisfaction at his resolution (prompted from pardon for having married Luigi before the granted Hungary) to be crowned and to rule over her (in dispensation had reached Naples, though it was spite of King Robert's opposing decree and the actually on the way thither. It is not improbable feeling against him at Naples), or than his possible she
and Luigi had entertained fears lost the active inadequacy as a consort, it would clearly have spies of the invader might intercept it; at any been difficult to avoid arriving at the damnatory rate Acciajaoli, the man of action, who ultimately conclusion that Joan was the contriver of the saved the situation and, possibly, the lives of his crime ; but we have seen that there were several sovereign and her consort, personally accelerated reasons, and truly significant ones, in the minds of the union. But L. L. K. denied formerly (866 S. other and far older members of the royal family of v. 302) that the queen was heard in Consistory Naples, as well as in the minds of their jealous at all, yet now I find him saying, "Well, if she dependents, for desiring, at any cost, a postponewas heard, Clement did not consider it safe to ment of the long negotiated coronation of Andrew, communicate the result to Louis of Hungary. if not for altogether getting rid of him and his
The so-called “pre-arranged plot”in my account | Hungarian following by a deed of violence. Graof Queen Joanna arose from no personel hatred | vina declares that his injudicious liberation of the of Hungary and Hungarians, but solely from my rebellious Pepini was the fatal step, as it had the having come to the simple, but, I think, inevitable, effect of concentrating the energies of their highconclusion that, actual evidence against the queen in placed enemies and directing the fury of these the matter of the murder of Andrew proving to be upon himself (“Chronicon. D. Gravina,' 553-4). At wholly insufficient for her conviction, she was, and any rate, by means of his death the titular Emis, entitled to the full benefit of the doubt, if not press Catherine trusted to secure the throne for to positive absolution. With regard to the Hun- one or other of ber sops; and likewise by means garians, I considered that the magnates of Naples, of his death Charles of Durazzo, son of Agnes of the courtiers, and the people were very naturally Perigord, * at any rate until Joanna should have a jealous of them; with regard to the queen, 1 child, would advance a step nearer to that sovefound that ber censors had been constantly careful reignty to which his. duchess, Maria, was beiress to select certain elements of suspicion against her, 'presumptive. and to reject any and every circumstance which Andrew had been dead but three months when at all told in her favour. Many loudly accuse her Joanna gave birth (Dec., 1345) to Carlo Martello, of baving murdered Andrew, and invent incredible whose paternity Hungarians and Neapolitans details ; some declare she was only privy to the equally declared to be above question. Nobody, murder ; while others say that, at any rate, she did I take it, but L. L. K. will find any difficulty in not assist him, and that she did not mourn him admitting this abundantly chronicled fact in as vehemently as she should have done ; one or two only declare her to have been innocent. None
In atti lieli e gai brings proof. The mass of vilification that has been
Esser la mira e piacevol bellezza heaped upon her in consequence has been truly
Di Peragota, nata genetrice
Dell' onor di Durazzo. stupendous. She has been made a scapegoat for
* Amorosa Visione,' cap. 40.
the queen's favour. Now, if she was as immoral But does not this fact plainly show that she resented as he adjudges her to have been, how did this on the unbecoming pressure put upon her by her uncommonly creditable circumstance come to pass ? scrupulous kinsfolk, and that she was relieved by
It cannot be denied that Catherine lost no time being able to shut her doors upon Robert ? Now, whatever in urging the claims of her eldest son it was not until nine months later still (August, Robert to the band of the widowed Joanna. The 1347) that Joanna yielded to the politic persuaqueen, however, seems to have resolutely eluded sions of Niccolo Acciajuoli, and accepted the hand his aggressive advances. Evidence, as we shall of Luigi (the second son of the defunct Catherine), see, rather tends to show that he was by no means to whom, let us remember, the Florentine banker 80 agreeable to her as perhaps ho considered him- bad been an affectionate guardian and preceptor. self to be. Louis of Hungary and his mother Where, then, is the exceeding and indecent burry Elizabeth, made aware of what was taking place at for remarriage on Joanna's part? Because a lady Naples, wrote vehemently about this affair to is royal, beautiful, and clever, has many besieging Clement at Avignon. Their letters are extant. suitors, and marries, out of necessity, a year and In March, 1346, already, the Pope returned answer eleven months after her first husband's death, is to them that he should not permit a union to take she to be put down harshly for a carpally-minded place between Joanna and Robert. In May fol- woman? Is it not plain that the large opening lowing he further declares that he will not grant for scandal concerning Joanna in this crucial affair dispensation for such a union without taking time was made by quite another person than herselfto consider it maturely (Theiner., 'Monum.,' i. even by her whom authorities of every calibre de710-712).
clare to have been the most deeply implicated in This fact discloses two things. It shows the the murder of Andrew? No wonder Petrarch, in anxiety of Louis to provent Joanna and the Nea- his second Eclogue, vilified the corruption of the politan branch of the family becoming independent court of Naples. It was dislocated with intrigue. of him again, and thus checkmating his design But in it he says no word against the queen herupon the kingdom of Naples. It also shows self. It is, of course, easy to say that it was clearly the rapid development of Catherine's own politic of him not to do so. According to Donato ambitious plans. Towards the ensuing autumn Albanzani, * Barbato Sulmone and Petrarch often (1346), after the execution of the assassins, actual predicted the death of Andrew in their converand suspected, Joanna had doubtless become fully sations. Unfortunately, Donato, besides making persuaded there was no escaping some such re many errors of fact, is wont, like Gravina, to marriage. Naples was full of strife, and the Hun-repeat and accentuate every scandal relative to garian invasion was becoming a distressing fact. Naples, just as northern and central Italians are Clement, however, wrote exhorting her to do wont to do in our own day; and neither he nor nothing calculated to further incense the King of Benvenuto da Imola can be trusted authoritatively Hungary, but to wait patiently. Meanwhile, find in this matter. Still, after his visit to Andrew in ing her design not prospering, Catherine had 1343, Petrarch must have formed pretty clear actually forced berself, her son, Robert of Taranto, notions about the Tarantini and Darazzeschi. As and her suite, into the Castello Nuovo, and, to I have related, Petrarch's mission to Naples had the general scandal, took up her residence therein. been made in order to procure that fatal setting at Shocked by this audacious move, the Pope liberty of the Pepini for his friend Cardinal promptly sent the Abbot of Monte Cassino to Colonna. No wonder, then, at the poet's intense compel Robert to retire from the castello altogether, subsequent pity for Andrew,t who liberated them, poder severe spiritual threats. It now happened, and thus brought about his own death at the however, that Catherine fell sick and died (Sept. 20, hands of their foes. ST. CLAIR BADDELEY. 1346), and on the occasion of her obsequies at
(To be continued.) Monte-Vergine Robert went out of the castle. Whereupon the Vatican Chronicle (c. 10) records— "viii Octobris...... tum Domina Regina fecit licentiare lent dérailler (I have never seen por heard dérailer)
DERAIL (8th S. vi. 107).—The French equivaomnes familiares dicti lmperatoris (Robert] a castro, et noluit quod dictus Imperator ulterius Castrum intraret, will be fouod in Bescherelle’s ‘French Dictionary' sed ipsa (Joanna] personaliter claudi fecit ostia dicti|(1845), and even then the word was apparently not Castri, et claves in suis manibus recepit.”
quite new, for, 6.v. déraillement, he quotes a pasIn fact, Joanna turned him oat, emperor or no sage from "F. Tourn.,” no doubt Tourneux, which emperor, and kept the keys of the castle, once
is in his list of authors quoted. This F. (Félix) more determined to rule her own realm. Mean Tourneux, according to Vapereau (1858), was thé while, Queen Elizabeth of Hungary, Gravina, and the author of the Este Chronicle lay no blame on
* Isti vero duo S. Barbatus et Franciscus, in colloquio Robert of Taranto, but spend volleys of wrath sepissiine predixerunt mortem ipsius regis Andreæ intra
se post mortem ipsius regis Roberti. upon "Regina meretrix"
prava Johanna," &c.
† Epist.,' lib. vi.
editor and in part author of a work called 'L'Ency- but for which we have not yet had any term in our rail clopédie des Chemins de Fer '(Renouard, 1841), way nomenclature. By déraillement is meant the escapo 80 that, if the quotation is from this work, the and the verb to derail or to be derailed may be used in a word déraillement dates back at least as far as 1841, corresponding sense.' and dérailler would, of course, be earlier still. It is quite true that in 1841, and even in 1845, there the actual introduction and acknowledged source
Nothing could be more satisfactory as showing were still no great lines of railway in France. of the English word. It only remained to show myself first went to Paris in 1845, and I well that the word was used in French before 1854, and remember travelling by diligence from Boulogne to the link is supplied by DR. CHANCE's admirable Paris (158 miles) in nineteen hours. But there was already a line to Versailles, and I think the We thence learn that dérailler and déraillement
communication (which he has already shown me). line to Sceaux was made before that. Railway were in use in French long before the dates given terms were, therefore, already in vogue, and the by Littré and the new 'Dictionnaire Général. more so as these two lines started from Paris, and I well remember hearing the word dérailler during and freely used the words in 1854, they seem to
It may be added that while Lardner introduced my fifteen months' stay at Choisy-le-Roi, near have been generally adopted in America sooner Paris. As for the English derail, I have no doubt in my needed there.
than in Great Britain, probably because much more
But they have been commonly own mind that it bas been borrowed from this used by the English newspapers and in works on dérailler. Our verbs beginning with the particle railway engineering for twelve or fifteen years. de are, I believe, commonly derived from French,
J. A. H. MURRAY. and are, most of them, I should say, made up of de and another already existing verb. But where
There is a chapter on “Railway Accidents" in is there a verb, in common use, made up in The Museum of Science and Art' (i. 34), by Dr. England out of de and a substantive, either Lardner, published by Walton & Maberley, 1854, originally English or thoroughly naturalized ? We in which the following passage occurs :have not yet got, fortunately, deway, deroad, or
“Although in most cases of derailment it is the engine desea (=to strand), so why should derail have which escapes from the rails, yet it occasionally happens been put together" here ? "The French, on the that while the engine maintains its position, one or more
of the carriages forming the train are derailed." contrary, have often made up a verb out of de and a substantive-e. g., dévoyer (voie), dérouter,
The word is explained in the following foot
note : détraquer, &c., so why not dérailler ? Dérailler (which has so long been in constant use) sounds
“We have adopted this word from the French ; it ex. very, well, quite as well as the genuine French presses an effect which is often necessary to mention, but
for which we have not yet had any term in our railway word débrailler, which differs from it only, both as nomenclature. By déraillement is meant the escape of far as form and pronunciation are concerned, in the wheels of the engine or carriage
from the rails ; and having a b. But derail is hideous, and I am glad the verb to derail or to be derailed may be used in a corto say that, after all the years that it seems to have responding sense. existed, I have not seen it in newspapers more than Possibly there may be an earlier instance of its twice, and that quite recently, whilst I have never
EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. yet heard it, and sincerely hope I never may.
71, Brecknock Road. F. CHANCE.
SOURCE OF QUOTATION WANTED (8th S. vi. Through the kindness of Dr. W. Sykes, of Gos-128).—These lines are from the 'Mourning Bride,' port, whose labours have contributed so much to Congreve's only tragedy, 1697. the historical treatment of scientific and technical “The noble passage which Johnson, both in writing words in the 'New English Dictionary,' my inquiry and in conversation, extolled above any other in as to the use of derail,
derailment, by Dr. Lardner the English drama, has suffered greatly in the public has been fully answered, and two other correspon he contented himself with saying that it was finer
estimation from the extravagance of his praise, Had dents, Messrs. E. H. Coleman and L. Kropf, have than anything in the tragedies of Dryden, Otway, Lee, called my attention to the same passage, which Rowe, Southern, Hughes, and Addison-than anything, occurs in Lardner's 'Museum of Science and Art,' in short, that had been written for the stage since the published in London, 1854. In the article “Rail. days of Charles I.- he would not have been in the wrong.” way Accidents,” p. 176, he writes :
-Lord Macaulay, Comic Dramatists of the Restora
tion.' “ Although in most cases of derailment it is the engine
J. H. W. which escapes from the rails, yet it occasionally happens The lines beginning that while the engine maintains its position, one or more of the carriages forming the train are derailed."
How reverend is the face of this tall pile, In a foot-note he says :
whose origin has excited the curiosity of your “We have adopted this word from the French : it correspondents N. M. & A., occur in Act II. sc. iii. expresses an effect which is often necessary to mention, of Congrove's · Mourning Bride.' They are cited