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Michael de Tregury.-Battle of Brunanburh. [March, he had directed by his will], where additions to the Chronicle of Eusebius,t heretofore might have been seen a viz. · That there was so great a conspecious monument, adorned with his course of people from all parts of the statue, of elegant workmanship, on Christian world at this jubilee, that at which are inscribed the following verses, Hadrian's Mole almost two hundred penned without the aid of the Muses: perished in the press, besides many Præsul Metropolis Michael hic Dubliniensis who were drowned in the Tiber.' Marmore tumbatus, pro me Christum flagi- They who returned safe in 1453, tetis.

brought the melancholy news, that And at the head of the statue,

Constantinople was taken by the • Jesus est Salvator meus.'

Turks, and the Emperor Constantine “This monument was found under Palæologus slain. Our Archbishop the rubbish in St. Stephen's Chapel; was so afflicted at the account, that he the cover of it was preserved by the ordered a fast to be kept strictly throughcare of the Rev. Dr. Jonathan Swift, out his Diocese for three days together, Dean of St. Patrick's, and the Chapter; and granted indulgences of an hundred who in the year 1730 fixed it up in years to the observers of it; and he the wall, on the left hand, as you himself went before the Clergy in proenter the West gate, between the said cession to Christ-church, cloathed in gate and the place where heretofore sackcloth and ashes.” the Consistory Court was held; and The works of Tregurry are thus nothey have placed this inscription over ticed by Pits, in his volume “ De illusit :' Vetus hoc Monumentum, è ru- tribus Angliæ Scriptoribus :" deribus Capellæ Divi Stephani nuper “Multa scripsisse perhibetur, quæ Gallis instauratæ erutum, Decanus et Capi- inter quos vixit vel Hibernis apud quos obiit, tulum hùc transferri curaverunt, A.D. magis quàm Anglis e quibus natus est, nota 1730."

esse poterunt. Hos tamen paucos titulos The will of this Prelate, dated the

sequentes invenio :10th of December, 1471, is extant

Super Magistrum Sententiarum, lib. iv. among the Manuscripts in the Library

De Orig ne illius Studii. ..lib. i.
Quæstiones ordinarias.

Jib. i. of Trinity College, Dublin (B. 52),

Contra Henricum Albrincensem... lib. i. whereby he deviseth his two silver gilded saltsellers (salfaris) with their

Yours, &c. Davies GILBERT. covers, to make cups for St. Patrick's,


Barton, Feb. 22. to serve in Divine Offices. He also

Io perusing the communication of your bequeathed his pair of organs to the

Correspondent A. J KEMPE, inserted in said Church, to be used at the celebra

your Magazine for December last, p. 499, tion of Divine service in St. Mary's I was most forcibly struck with a passage in Chapel. “I devise also (says he) the quotation from William of Malmesbury, that William Wyse, whose industry to which, presuming the translation to be for this purpose I choose, shall in my correct, I beg leave to call your attention. stead visit with a decent oblation St. Referring to the battle of Brunanburh, it Michael's Mount in Cornwall, which

is there stated, amongst other consequences, by vow I am bound to perform either

that “the King of the Northmen, with his by myself or proxy; and also orders

little troop, fed in his terror to the voice him to give some Largesses towards ship's crew living, escaped over the yellow

of the ship; the king of the fleei, with one building the neighbouring Churches deep.” On referring to your Magazine for near which his friends dwell.'

January 1821, you will there find my sugThe Registry* of the Dominican

gestions regarding the long doubtful point Abbey in Dublin, gives an account, amongst historians, as to the site of this that above fifty persons went out of renowned battle, which I am the more conthe Diocese of Dublin to Rome in 1451, vinced took place at Burnham, about four to celebrate the jubilee then held under miles south of the river Humber; and I now Pope Nicholas the Fifth, and that this beg leave to call in the foregoing testimony prelate gave them recommendary cer

of Malmesbury as an additional proof of the tificates to the Pope; that seven of the

correctness of my suggestions; the muddy number were pressed to death in the applicable to, and, I believe, at some time,

water of the Humber being most particularly crowd, besides what died in their re

the only water in England that can supply turn. This squares with the relation

an adequate authority for the expression of given by Mathias Palmerius, in his the yellow deep.

W. S. HESleden. Ware's MS.

+ Ad An. 1451.

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[ 201 )

(With a Plan). THE improvements at the west end beyond that which already existed of the Strand, in which considerable within the precincts of the Mews ; progress has lately been made, are but it having appeared to the Commis calculated to add so greatly to the sioners, after much consideration, that convenience of communication, as well the unequal length of the two sides so as to the ornament of that part of the defined would be a deformity particumetropolis, that we cannot but con- larly striking in the approach from gratulate the public on their approach. Whitehall, and that a much larger ing accomplishment; and we are con- space than was at first designed ought vinced that the accompanying plan to be left open, besides that it was will be contemplated with interest, as highly desirable to widen the west well by those who have to plod their end of the Strand, Mr. Nash was, in daily way through the intricacies of March 1825, directed carefully to rethe great Babylon, as to those less oc- consider the subject. The result was cupied, but not less curious, indivi. a plan by which the area was proposed duals, who are saved that weary toil, to be enlarged by the removal of the and by a distant residence are pre- whole of the lower part of St. Marvented from making their personal ob- tin's Lane, and the improvements were servations on the spot.

extended in the direction of the Strand It is well known that the architectu- as represented in the map before us. ral improvements of the western quar- The suggestions and estimates of Mr. ter of the metropolis, which so greatly Nash having been submitted to the distinguished the peaceful reign of Lords of the Treasury, and having reKing George the Fourth, have been ceived their approbation,“the Charingconducted under the control of his Cross act” was introduced to the LeMajesty's Commissioners of Woods, gislature in the session of 1826, and Forests, and Land Revenues. As soon received the royal assent on the 31st as, under the direction of that Board, of May in that year. that part of this truly national design For effecting the principal improvehad been executed, which provided the ment* authorized by this Act, there line of communication between Pall- were required 515 houses and buildMall and Portland-place, the Commis- ings in and near Charing-Cross, St. şioners took measures for proceeding Martin's Lane, and the Strand; the with the further object, which pro- value of which property was originally posed the continuation of Pall-Mall estimated at 748,7921. 128. 10d.t into St. Martin's Lane, the disclo- When, however, the business had sure to view of the noble portico of St. made considerable progress, it was Martin's church, and the formation of found that the value of the property an open area in front of the King's, exceeded that sum by 95,6971. 128. Mews.

9d.; and in the account drawn up on The original plan had not contem- the 5th of January 1829, the following plated the extension of this area far statement of expenditure was given :

£. The present estimate of the value of the property to be purchased............843,950 4 Architects', Surveyors', and Solicitors' charges ; rents of leasehold proper

ties purchased, deficiencies in parochial rates, Auditors' and Treasury fees, salaries, gratuities to tenants at will, interest on purchase-moneys, and incidental charges

..................... 94,513 Redemption of Land Tax

.................... 32,000 Paving carriage and foot ways, erecting lamp and guard posts.. 17,234 Erecting a Vestry-room, Sexton's Office, and Watch-house, for parish of

St. Martin ; inclosing new church-yard, and constructing vaults......... 11,000 Rebuilding parochial School and Library, and part of the Workhouse, to obtain ground for enlarging Barracks at Charing Cross.

20,000 Total probable expenditure.....

£1,018,697 4 * It embraced also two minor improvements in Downing-street and King-street, St. James's; which it is unnecessary to notice further on this occasion.

+ An article on the ancient state of Charing Cross and its neighbourhood, will be found in vol. xcvi. ii. 29. GENT. MAG. March, 1831.

S. d.



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The Improvements near Charing Cross. [March, The expences have been met by the nificent portico of St. Martin's church revenues, and certain sales, of the (which has been very properly consiCrown lands, without any Parliamen- dered as a principal object of regard in tary grants.

all the present arrangements, t) would During the last Session of Parlia- not show to greater

advantage if this ment, an Act was passed, enabling building was to range with the west the Commissioners to raise 300,0001. end of the church. In this case its by loan ; and the terms of the Equita. front will at its northern angle recede ble Assurance Company being the low- somewhat further to the east, and toest, the Commissioners agreed with wards the southern wing project rathem for the whole sum at the interest ther further into the square than is of 31. 108. per cent., to be repaid at shown in the plan. Perhaps it is not the following periods :

possible to arrive at a satisfactory de301. per cent. at Midsummer 1833, termination on this point, until the 30l. per cent. at Midsummer 1835, area has been entirely cleared, and its 401. per cent. at Midsummer 1837. effect on coming from Whitehall has

When the Commissioners made been ascertained. their last report, which is dated the On the north of the new Area, a 8th of June 1830, they had nearly very long building is laid down for a completed the purchase of all the pre- "National Gallery of Painting and mises required.* Since that period, Sculpture;" but we believe it is by no the work of demolition has rapidly means certain that this edifice will be gone forward ; and to that has now erected. Mr. Arbuthnot, the First succeeded, and is proceeding with Commissioner in 1826, gave it as his scarcely less rapidity, the more pleas- opinion in addressing the House of ing process of re-edification.

Commons, that the paintings, statues, We shall now briefly notice the and works of art possessed by the naseveral features of the plan before us ; tion, would be more useful to the pubmerely premising that considerable lic there than in the British Museum. changes and modifications have taken But with that opinion we cannot agree. place since Mr. Nash's plan, made at Putting out of the question the addithe period already mentioned, was ditional expense of a distinct building, published in the Commissioners' Re- and distinct establishment, (but which port for 1826.

considerations will have their weight We will first place ourselves in the in the present æra of economy,) we Area. Its width from west to east is must contend that the site of the Brifive hundred feet; and from the front tish Museum is unexceptionable. It is of the old royal stables on the north considerably more centrical than Chato the statue of King Charles the First ring-Cross; and it is to be rememis the same distance. The western bered that neither the present valuable side is already formed by the beautiful treasures of that repository, nor those edifice occupied as the Union Club- destined to adorn a National Gallery, house, and the College of Physicians. are for the sole amusement of loungers On the eastern side it was proposed or people of fashion, but for the study by Mr. Nash to erect a range of build and instruction of the whole town; in ings of correspondent design, and in a all parts of which reside admirers of correspondent position ; but it is now the arts, and joint owners of the pubunder consideration whether the mag. lic collections. Add to this that the

* In the Report of 1829, it was mentioned that, in negociating the purchases, (then amounting to 540,) only eight cases had occurred in which it was necessary to resort to the compulsory powers of the Act for obtaining verdicts by juries, and in six of those cases verdicts were taken by mutual agreement after the juries had been impanelled. This is worthy of notice, as a remarkable contrast to the conduct of the parties concerned in the property required for the approaches to London Bridge.

+ Ralph, an architectural critic of the last century, whose suggestions on metropolitan improvements have recently been often quoted, thus expressed himself on this subject, and pointed out the excellencies of the edifice : “I could wish, too, that a view was opened to St. Martin's church: I don't know auy one of the modern buildings about town which more deserves such an advantage. The portico is at once elegant and august; and the steeple above it ought to be considered as one of the most tolerable in town. * * * The round columns at each angle of the church are very well conceiv'd, and have a very fine effect in the profile of the building. The east end is remarkably elegant, and very justly challenges a particular applause."--Critical Review of the Public Buildings, 1734.

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