Imágenes de páginas

though it must have been painted more than one and was interred in the family burying-place in the hundred years ago, as Mrs. Graham, a daughter of chancel of Wbitkirk Church. His arms were : Lord Cathcart, was married in 1774, and died in Az., a fess between three ploughs or, impaling a 1792, fifty-one years before her husband's death. fess ar., and in chief three estoiles. Crest, a bird. The picture reminds one of the fine lines of Pope, (See Har). MS. 1045, fol. 56 ; 'Records of the in his Epistle' to Mr. Jervas :

Parish of Whitkirk,' p. 60, ed. by George M. Platt Yet still her charms in breathing paint engage;

and John Wm. Morkill, 870.,

Leeds, 1892.) Her modest cheek sball warm a future age.

DANIEL HIPWELL Beauty, frail flower that every season fears, Blooms in thy colours for a thousand years.

A SISTER OF DICKENS. --The appearance of the

novelist's elder sister as a pianist, on the stage of JOHN PICKFORD, M.A. Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.

Drury Lane Theatre, bas not, I think, been

noticed by any writer. Her name occurs in the SEA-MONSTER.—The following narrative of an play bill on the occasion of Harley's benefit encounter with a nondescript inhabitant of the (May 29, 1827) among the performers in a concert ocean appeared in the Daily Telegraph, Aug. 16. introduced between the pieces, and supported by Apparently this buge salt-water animal bad no Miss Stephens, Miss Fanny Ayton, and others. pear affinity with the so-called "sea-serpent," its She was announced thus : " Miss Dickens (of the length being a mere paltry thirty feet; yet, insigni- Royal Academy of Music), the celebrated pupil of ficant as it may be considered in comparison with Mr. Moscheles, will perform her master's Recolthe more famous dweller in the deepe, its first lections of Ireland.'” For the same actor's benefit, appearance before the eyes of man is worth record in the following year, she played 'Anticipations of ing.

Scotland,' also by Moscheles. Harley appears to " A remarkable encounter with a strange sea monster bave been an early friend of the Dickens family, is reported by the crew of the barque Loongana, w bich and it was probably to bis interest that Dickens arrived from the Gilbert Group to-day. The vessel was owed the production of his plays at the St. James's drifting along somewhere in the vinicity of the Santa Theatre, which happened while Harley was stage Cruz group when the helmemen shouted out tbat there

WM. DOUGLAS was a whale alongside. According to the mate, the

manager there. visitor, which almost touched the vessel's side, was not a whale at all, but a monster 30 ft. long and 11 ft,

broad, the term “ deadlock” is now 80 common that it is

DEADLOCK. — The metaphorical application of completely different to anything ever seen before by any one on the ship. It had a mouth large enough to take surprising to find that, apparently, this usage has a in half a dozen men. It resembled a whale about the tail, comparatively recent origin. Judging from Wilkie but was differently formed about the head, and was of a Collins's Woman in White,' one is led to the dark colour spotted with white. The eyes were visible. inference that it was fairly establishing its claim Fearing an attack from the monster, two shots were fired at his body from a Winchester rifle, but the bullets to recognition when that work was written. ID appeared to bave not the slightest effect. A third shot, chap. iii. of Mr. Gilmore's portion of the narrative which struck its head, bad the desired result, and with we find, “In the detestable slang of the day, we one sweep of the tail it turned and disappeared as sud. were now both 'at a deadlock,' and nothing was denly as it bad hove in sight."

left for it but to refer to our clients on either side." Has any one ever been at the trouble of com- As Mr. Gilmore wrote ostensibly in the end of piling a trustworthy catalogue of the books, maga- 1849, the conclusion to be drawn is that this parzines, and newspapers giving authenticated informa- ticular form of expression is only balf a century old. tion relating to the appearance of the sea-serpent Dr. Brewer, in "Phrase and Fables,' s.v. "Dead and other marine monsters of unknown species ? Lock," quotes, without date, from the Times,

T. R. E. N. T.

“Things are at a dead-lock.” Thomas BAYNE. JOHN SMEATON, F.R.S. (1724-1792), CIVIL

Helensburgh, N.B. ENGINEER.-John Smeaton, born at Austhorpe, co. York, June 8,1724, and baptized at Whitkirk, in the church of Ashburnham, Sussex, are still preserved

Relics OF CHARLES I.-In the vestry of the same county, on June 24 following, was the eldest the following relics of Charles I., viz., the shirt, son of William Smeaton, attorney-at-law, of Aus- stained with blood, in which Charles I. was bethorpe Lodge in the said parish of Whitkirk, born beaded ; his watch, which he gave to Mr. AshJuly 13, 1684, baptized in the parish church of burnbam; also bis white silk drawers, and the Leeds, Aug. 6 seq., married at Kellington, co. sheet that was thrown over his body. These relics York, April 8, 1722, Mary Stones, of Beal, gpinster, were given in 1743 by Mr. Ashburnbam to the and died April 17, 1749. The said Mary Smeaton clerk of the parish and his successors for ever, and died Oct. 18, 1759, aged sixty-five, and was buried were exhibited as great curiosities. at Paddington, co. Middlesex.

BEAUFORT GRIMALDI. Smeaton married on June 8, 1756, Ann (ob. Jan. 17, 1784), and had issue tbree daughters, is a query by CANON SPARROW SIMPSON, to wbich the

[See l** S. vi. 173; X. 469. At the earlier reference Ann, Mary, and Hannah; he died Oct. 28, 1792, above contribution furnishes a reply. ]

cate some next summer, so as to send them out to Queries.

New Zealand, where such things are unknown. We must request correspondents desiring information

DOMINICK BROWN. on family matters of only private interest to affix their Dames and addresses to their queries, in order that the DISPOSITION OF PROPERTY FROM THE PULPIT. answers may be addressed to them direct.

- Did a custom prevail in the seventeenth century

of persons disposing of their effects by means of TRAY-CLOTA.-Can any one explain to me the the offices of a clergyman, in lieu of a will; and meaning of the pattern woven in a tray-cloth in my was each clergyman bound by any law or rule to possession, where the linen was made, and its pro- publish particulars of such disposal on the church bable date? The cloth is thirty-one inches wide doors or from the pulpit ? W. R. BRADSHAW. and forty inches long. Round it runs a conventional border, and within this border is the follow

COLECLOUGH OF TINTERN ABBEY.-Who was ing design : Firstly, the words " König George " the wife of Blest Coleclough, brother of Sir Cæsar, (oot “Georg"), repeated several times. Then,

and son of Sir Adam Coleclougb, whose daughter below this name, three wreaths, each surmounted and heiress Margaret married William Swinnerby a crown, and enclosing a harp. Below these ton? The William Salt Society gives no further again, twice repeated, a man on a prancing horse


P. L.

Palheiro, Putney. the king, apparently-wearing a flowing wig, and holding a bâton. Then a town, with churches, towers, and battlements, before which flows a canal there any engraved or other portrait known of

DR. COYLE, R.C. BISHOP OF RAPHOE.—Is or river, bearing men in boats. Beneath the water Dr. Coyle, R.C. Bishop of Raphoe, Ireland, circa there are heaps of cannon-balls and wheel-lock 1780 7. He is reputed to have been the author of guns, and under these men with battle-axes, and Collectanea Sacra,' about the same period. Does military tents. Below these, once more, the words such a work exist ?

T. W. C. “König George," and a repetition of the pattern. Dublin,

C. H. C. Inigo Jones.—What is the origin of Inigo as a Diary,' among "A List of all persons to Whom

Pepys's 'DIARY': MR. WEST.-In Pepys's name ? To what language does it belong? We are accustomed to make the second syllable short, occasion of Mr. Pepys's Death and Funeral,"

Rings and Mourning were presented upon the as in the Latin verb inigo; but Swift seems to occurs (in the list of General Retainers) :make it long :

“Scrivener, Mr. West, a ring, value 156.; ditto, his
A8 when a lofty pile is raised,
We never hear the workmen praised,

Clerk, Mr. Martin, a ring, value 10s,
Who bring the lime, or place the stones,

Also “Mr. Pepys' Verbal Request after the execu-
But all admire Inigo Jones,

tion of bis Will," viz. :"To Stella,' 1720.

"In Plate to Mr. West, some small piece, made good JAYDEE. to him by large pair of Tumblers, weighing 23 oz.

10 dwts." ROYALIST OFFICERS.- In the grounds of Rushton Hall, co. Northampton, are the following lines, above entries refer to Mr. John West, of Stocks

Can any of your readers inform me whether the inscribed on a stone in a small alcove :Where yon blue field scarce meets our straining eyes,

Market, scrivener, and deputy of the Ward of A fatal name for England, Naseby, lies.

Walbrook, who gave estates to Christ's Hospital, There hapless Charles beheld his fortune croes'd,

London, and died November, 1723 ? His forces vanquish'd, and his kingdom lost,

GILBERT W. WEST. There gallant Lisle a mark for thousands stood, And Dormer seal'd his loyalty in Blood;

ARCHBISHOP CAICHELE'S WILL.-Would some While down yon hill's steep side, with headlong force, one kindly tell me where there is a copy of ArchVictorious Cromwell chased the Northern Horse. bishop Chichele's will ? It is not at Canterbury, Hence Anarchy, our State and Church profan'd, Lambeth, Somerset House, or All Souls' College. And Tyrants in the mask of freedom Reign'd.

A. S. BICKNELL. In times like ours, when party holds command, And Faction scatters discord through tbe land,

DIPLOMATIC LANGUAGE AT MADRID AND ROME. Let those sad scones a useful lesson yield, Lest future Nasebys rise iu every field.

-Can any of your readers inform me on this

August, 1783. question ? At what period did French supplant Who were Dormer and Lisle ?

Latin as the diplomatic language in the courts of
Spain and Rome?

PAUL BARBIER. Northampton.

GEORGE CAARLES, LL.D.-The degree of the DOMESTICATION OF SWALLOWS.— I wish to know above, High Master of St. Paul's School (for the whether any one has ever been able to keep swal. answers to my previous query with regard to dows in a cage. I should like to try to domesti. whom I am extremely grateful), in the earlier half

of the last century, was not, so far as existing co. Northants, are given as Arg., a chevron between records may be trusted, granted by any degree-three water-bougets sable. Of these three families, giving body or person in the United Kingdom. that of Truro was a branch from that of Modbury, He appears to have had intimate relations with which bore the above arms; but I have not been able persons of influence in the American colonies. to connect the Hills of Brigstock with the Devon Was there at the time any body or person in family (of which I have got a pedigree). In W. C. America empowered to grant degrees ? He had Metcalfe's Visitations of Northants,' 1887, three been tutor to the Duke of Cumberland. What descents of the Hills of Brigstock are given, but German universities then gave the degree of LL.D.? no. arms. The first name is “Edward Hill, of

R. J. WALKER. Leighton Hall, co. Devon," but he does not fit [See gtb 8. v. 147, 232.)

into my pedigree. I should be glad to know if

the Brigstock family really bore the same arms as STANSTEAD.-Can any of your readers inform the Modbury Hills, and how they may have been me of the locality and the particulars of a Stan-related. Also, is there any book treating of the stead (I believe such to be the name) Church, connexion and origin of the different Hill families, near Epping Forest, which boasts of great anti- especially those of the West Country? Please quity, and is a rare specimen of a log church ? reply direct.

R. H. ERNEST HILL. There are two or three Standsteads near London 3, Lombard Court, E.C. and in the neighbourhood named, but none of them, according to any itinerary or guide-book,

“ HOLDING MY BACK HAND.”—Can any of your sooms to possess a church of the kind alluded to. correspondents tell me the meaning of the ex

M. BAINES. pression " Holding my back hand”? It may be 11, Cranley Place, 8.W.

à quite innocent technicality in card playing; but [Is it not Greenstead of which you are thinking ?]

as Scott, in 'St. Ronan's Well,' two or three times

makes his disreputable Lord Etherington use the POEMS BY T. K. HERVEY.— Is there a collected expression, one is apt to attach to it a bad meaning. edition of the poems of T. K. Hervey? In the

A. D. M. thirties his verses had no little reputation, and

Louis XIV. AND THE PYRENEES. - What is the were often to be seen reproduced in the news earliest authority for the often-quoted saying of papers. Some of them--as, for example, "Venice Louis XIV. in regard to the Pyrenees; and what the Bride' and 'Venice the Widow'—have considerable merit. A fragment of a poem by Hervey History of the English People,' says:

was its precise form? J. R. Green, in his 'Short is quoted in Barker's "Three Days of Wensleydale.' It relates to a country churchyard, and is Madrid, and Lewis proudly boasted that henceforth

“In 1701 the Duke of Anjou peaceably entered of great beauty.

K. P. D. E.

there were no Pyrenees." (Hervey published through Bull the ‘Poetical Sketch. But there was a very similar remark published in Book, Australia,' &c.]

a London newspaper in the winter of 1700, in the GREENCASTLE, IRELAND.-Can any one kindly

course of the following anecdote:give information regarding the origin, history, date

“The Spanish Ambassador at the French Court is so of erection, &c., of Greencastle, county Donegal, Anjou to that Monarchy, that he lately expressed his

extreamly pleased with the Elevation of the Duke of N. Ireland, situate on the shores of Lough Foyle ? Joy by a high-flown Metaphor, saying, That now the Local residents know nothing of its history. Pyrenean Hills are melted, and there is no Barrier

WILHELM. remaining between the Kingdoms of France and Spain." RECENT WORDS.-Could any of your

-English Post, No. 19, Nov. 22-25, 1700.

learned readers oblige me with the derivation of these Was this an anticipation or an echo of the Louis

XIV. remark?

ALFRED F. ROBBINS. words that have come into recent usage-commandeer, id (in biology), and melinite? What, Miss E. M. JAMES, OF BATH.-Can any of your moreover, does commandeer actually mean ? readers give me any particulars of the life of this


lady, who was the author of a story called 'Jenny (For commandeer consultN. E. D.' No derivation of Spinner,' and the intimate friend of Lord Lytton, melinite is given in the 'Century.']

Mary R. Mitford, and W. Savage Landor? Are SNAKE STONES.-- References to works or articles there any persons living who were well acquainted

any of her letters to Miss Mitford extant; and are relating to this subject will greatly oblige. Replies with her ?

GEORGE W. MILLER. may be sent direct.


White House, Chisleburst. 23, Ashley Road, Crouch Hill, N.

DEFT.- What is the earliest instance of the FAMILIES OF Hill. - In Robson's_ ‘British word deft in English literature ?

P. M. Herald,' 1830, the arms of Hill, of Truro, co.

[Defle occurs in the 'Bestiary,'" Old Eng. Misc.," ed. Cornwall, Modbury, co. Devon, and Brigstock, | Morris. See 'Century Dictionary.']

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FRENCA ILLUSTRATIONS OF FURNITURE, &c.-Ion the part of private people? If so, what shall bave before me a thick folio of lithographed plates, we not say to certain recent royal matrimonial headed “Meubles et Armures Anciennes and happenings in our own pineteenth century London ? "Meubles et Armes du Moyen Age," and numbered The fact was that Clement seriously consulted with consecutively from 1 to 144. The publishers were the King of France (Theiner, 734) as to the policy of Veith & Hauser, of Paris. Can any one give me Joanna's second union, and came to the conclusion, information as to the title and authorship of the as did Joanna and her people, that it was expedient volume?

JAMES DALLAS. her marriage with a prince of the blood of Naples AGOSTINO Cazza. - Will any reader kindly banker and diplomatist, especially pressed its ful.

should take place.* Acciajuoli, the Angevine furnish information as to this Italian poet, who was Elment and assisted at the ceremony, which took living in 1546, particularly as to the titles of his place at the Castello Nuovo before the dispensation various works and dates when and where pub- from Avignon had arrived. This bit of precipitancy lished ?


was certainly caused by pressure of political cirAUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED.

cumstances. Possibly even grave doubts were To sit on rocks to muse o'er flood and fell. entertained lest the promised dispensation should

ARTHUR TAPP. be intercepted by the spies or allies of Louis of One other landed on the eternal sbore !

Hungary, on the way to Naples (Tanfani, Vita
One other garnered into perfect peace ! Niccolo Acciajuoli'). De Blasiis shows that both

W. F. Raynaldus and Muratori equally err in stating
Earth is crammed with heaven
And every common bush afire with God.

that the Papal dispensation was given a year later F. M. M.

('Archivio. Storico per li Provin. Napol.,' xii. 2, 366).

As Luigi of Taranto died in May, 1362, and Beplies.

Joanna did not remarry until May, 1363, still in JOAN I. OF NAPLES.

hopes of begetting an heir to her throne, and urged

to do so by Urban V., I am once more at a loss to (8th S. v. 261, 301, 369, 429, 509; vi. 29, 169.)

discover solid ground for L. L K.'s sweeping stateTo show how the Tarantine Empress Catherine ment. He makes no allowance for the circumhad domineered over Joanna, probably had over stances. A like decency of interval was observed awed her by her uncrupulous proceedings, the Car. by her after the death of her absentee husband, dinal of St. Marco was despatched to Naples six James of Majorca ; and to each of these unions weeks after her decease, in order to make her she was forcibly impelled by reasons of State, song surrender to the Holy See lands which they whatever may have been her own legitimate had obtained from Joanna (Theiner, op. cit., 731). inclination. What, indeed, would have become of At this time Clement seems to have entertained her or of Naples had she trusted to rule alone in some lingering hope that if the queen remained such an age as the age of the Condottieri ? Surely unmarried a little longer, and would send her infant L. L. K. is not the austere judge of female baman son to Avignon, Louis of Hungary might still nature his expressions tend to make one believe. be brought to forego his projected invasion of Before I proceed further with points and details

of defence in this controversy, let me be permitted Now, as it was not until August, 1347, that Joanna to quote here a passage bearing upon our subject gave her hand to Luigi, Robert of Taranto's younger from a pamphlet by Gaetano Amali, a contemporary brother--that is to say, all but two years after author-one, indeed, by no means inclined to Andrew's death, and when the invasion of her favour Joanna—which to my thinking contributes realm was becoming an accomplished fact I cannot not a little to justify the view I have taken as to but think that L. L. K. lets his judgment escape the loose imputations so liberally heaped upon the somewhat too cheaply when he says, “the undue queen's character :baste with which Joan married husband after

"Qua e là vi è mescolata un pò di leggenda, o vogliamo husband proves that she was a carnally-minded dire di esagerazione ; e quegli scrittori, non di rado, si woman." Is it, then, so difficult to realise the facevano eco di quanto forniva la maldicenza, il pettegocritical position of an attractive, cultured,* and lezzo, accreditati dalle apparenze, che spesso ingannano. youthful female sovereign under such trying cir- Non nego che vi sia un fondo storico; ma certo una vita cumstances, domestic and political, in so lurid adi adulterii, di tresche e di corruzione, doveva rappreperiod of history as the fourteenth century? Aresenter quei personaggi con una tinta fosca nella fantasia royal matrimonial proceedings to be judged by del popolo, e porgere largo campo à racconti di fatti .conventions which govern the same proceedings

* I quite agree with L. L. K. tbat the letter which * Angelus di Ubaldis, the great lawyer, calls Joanna be quotes refers evidently to the ill-balanced ar Inclyta Regina, decus Orbis, et unica lux Italiæ" starred James of Majorca, and that it has bec: (vide. Consigli.,' cx. p. 74).

placed and miedated since,


straordinarii, alla legenda, accumulando sul capo della crown" (lib. 5, lit. 6). Petrarch certainly bad Regina colpe, che, forse non le appartengono. Anzi, la known both individúals personally. Andrew, Tradizione si ba formato come ......un tipo, detto della * Regina Giovanna' mentre è risaputo, che ve ne furono bowever, was a boy, a king's brother, and a queen's non meno di cinque di questo nome ; e varii aneddoti

, husband; while Friar Robert was merely an secondo accenero più giu, ei riferiscono esplicitamente exalted and apparently arrogant monk, acting alle altre. Lunga di me l'idea d'una repugnante riabili; as master-guardian to Andrew. Petrarch himself tazione, non mi accorderei mai col Collenucio [and was a diplomatist, a rhetorician, a scholar, and a della pudicitia di lei, non costumando cio le donne rotte poet; much more self-restrained, I venture to al vizio." - La Regina Giovanna nella Tradizione, think, as a man than as a writer. Some will say, Napoli., 1892.

further, that he was a greater scholar than poet. As to the Hups and Hungarians, I venture to Royal people compelled his rhetorical reverence doubt if L. L. K. is quite sure of the precision of as divinely descended beings; they were, in bis his own inferences as to their non-relativity. I am eges, living classics. Andrew, too, was not only of tempted to this because my late friend Sir Richard the race of St. Louis and of King Robert, but he Barton used to declare that the Hungarian (i.e., was destined presumptively to til King Robert's Magyar) " is a white Turk ! a Tartar with a coat throne and to continue that monarch's patronage of veneer and varoisb." “The peasantry are men

of Petrarch. The opinion of Petrarch, so far as the on horseback, in the matter of preserving the cas- dead Andrew is concerned, is therefore to be valued toms of their Hun and Tartar ancestors" (* Life of chiefly as post-mortem enthusiasm, idealized proSir R. Burton, 1893, vol. ii. p. 505). Some short mise put for fact. Had my work been on a fall scale time ago in Italy I put the question to Signor Com- I certainly should have had no business to set aside paretti (pace L. L. K.), an acknowledged autho- that pathetic description. What, however, is more rity in Ugrian literature. He likewise replied heinous, I have made the Neapolitans detest the that, so far as he believed, the Hungarians are Hungarians. Nevertheless, I am still far from direct descendants of the ferocious Kuns. But satisfied that Hungarian civilization, in spite of its L. L. K, doubtless is more enlightened. He has elaborated intentione, had at this period attained convicted me of using the terms almost inter anything like the superlative superiority L. L. K. changeably. Let me, then, subjoin a practical bit would have us believe when he uses the word of evidence as to the mild habits of the Hungarian "infinitely.” soldiers in Italy at that period, and ask him low This brings me to the story of Felician Zách, and wby it is that, even in the wildest flights of bis introduced into the controversy by L. L. K. in fancy, he would not refer to the marauding Hun order to show that an infinitely higher code of garian cavalry of the fourteenth century as ac those morals prevailed in Hungary than at Naples." In wild Huns."*

my first reply to L. L. K. I termed this illustration With regard to the illness of Joanna, it is of "singularly infelicitous.” My reason for doiog so no use to argue this little point. It is not im- was as follows : Casimir of Poland, brotber of probable she had more than one illness in her Queen Elizabeth and uncle of King Louis, bebaved early married li'e. Camera distinctly refers us indecently to Clara, Zách's daughter. Felician, thus : Ex Regest. ann. 1315-46, lit. D. fol. 125," her father, to revenge the uppupished outrage to for the illness, and, moreover, shows that she bis child, fell upon the royal family in their banvisited Quisisana in July, 1345, sigoing a document queting hall at Visegrál, hoping to kill Casimir. there : “ Die viii Juli regoor nostror. ann. III.” Instead, in his frenzy, há indicted serious wounds As King Robert bad died in January, 1343, July on the king and queen, cutting off four of the of the third year of her reigo was in 1345, or two latter's fingers. Be was felled to the ground and months before the murder, and five before her despatched by Cselevyi, the Treasurer. For this child was born.

wild act of a justly exasperated father the unforL. L. K. bas blamed me for following Petrarch tunate outraged Clara bad her lips, nose, ears, and in bis vivid but disagreeable account of Friar bands cut off, and was dragged to death at the tail Robert, and for ignoring bis flattering but elegiac of a borse ; her kith and kin were likewise exteraccount of Andrew. Ia December, 1343, speaking minated to the third degree. That the Hungarians of Andrew while living, Petrarch says: “He considered the sentence ferocious I sincerely hope, promises to become noble minded if only he though I have no proof that they did. The Neasucceeds in placing on his head the disputed politans, I think, would have considered it so.

Now let me remind the reader that this sentence * “Il Gravina, cronista di parte Unghera, racconta was pronounced and carried into effect by the (p. 716) con vivi colori le inumanità orribili che com father and mother of Andrew, Joanna's husband. mettevano questi soldati sfrenati quando prendevano e Had Hungarian justice limited itself to the execuorano martoriati con ogni tormento : bi strappavano loro tion of Zácb, and recompensed, as far as might be denti, si tagliavano loro mani e nabo,"-Cipolla, Storia possible, the unfortunate Clara, the instance would, delle Signorie Italiane,' p. 106.

in my bumble opinion, have been a triumphant

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