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Perplexities of Literature-Relrospective Glance at London. [February 7, 1818. years, however, this act ha; bern

final- other day, at a coffee-house, the waiter Addison, and what I have suffered from ly abolished.- Arnot's Criminal Trials. brought him the Chronicle, which he certain books already noticed, I am

immediately threw at his head, crying strongly tempted to borrow some lines

out, “ What the devil do you give me from Pope, and say, let The Perplexities of Literature. this paper for ? let me have the Post;

a folio common place I always like to read good news!" Pam- Found the whole pile, of all their works the base: Tenet insanabile multos

phlets, then, and papers I have abandon- Quarto, octavo, shape the less'ning pyre ; Scribendi Cacocthes, et a gro in corde Senescit. l'ed, for if I read one sort, and happen A twisted birth day ode complete the spire!" Juv. Sat. VII.

Esti. Of making many books there is no end, and much in—if the other, a pensioner. "What

to open my mouth, I am called a jacobreading is a weariness of the flesh. Ecclesiastes, cap. 13. v. 12. double-faced rascals ministers must be

-those who look at them on the one A Retrospective Glance at London. Addison, in the Spectator, No. 124, side, see in them all kinds of virtues and

There is not a more amusing occuhas observed, that " were all books re- excellent qualities, while the spectators, pation than that of tracing, by the asduced to their quintessence, many a on the other, behold nothing but imbe- sistance of records of various sorts, the bulky author would make his appearance cility, corruption, and vice. Poor La.

great changes that time has worked in in a penny paper ; there would be scarce vater! what wouldst thou have done in

manners, and modes, and in the aspect such a thing in nature as a folio; the these days!

of things. Former writers, who treated works of an age would be contained on Reviews are no direction to my judg; of the moving scenes of their days, now a few shelves, not to mention millions ment whatever. Should the Edinburgh introduce us, when we refer to them, to of volumes that would be utterly anni- tell me that a book is admirable, and I quite a different world to that of which hilated.". These remarks, it must be praise it, another who has read the

form a part; and the interest they confessed, Mr Editor, expose a prodi- Quarterly assures me it is utter trash, excite is the greater, inasmuch as we gious grievance in literature, which 1 and that I know nothing at all about the are in general familiar with the names feel as much as any man; but I have matter. Such reading is like poring that occur in their descriptions, while others to complain of. With nothing over all the laws that have been enac- the characters and circumstances they else to do, I am strangely puzzled what ted ;-by the time you get one statute describe, are strange, or at least very to read—not for want of books, for they tolerably fixed in your memory, you unlike those which we are in the habit exist in profuse abundance, but as 1 come to another, by which it is repeal- of having suggested to us by the same would read such as have in them “no ed.

appellations. The reader may at once offence i'the world," I am nearly starved When I resided in the metropolis.. imagine the effect of this, by fancying; amidst plenty:

(it is now many years ago) – I recollect his intimate friend, whom he is accusIn early life I let nature take her that certain poets were,(excuse the tomed to shake by the hand, as a very course pretty freely, consequently, 1 Irishman)--the immortals of the day. worthy young man who studies the law, experience very little satisfaction in Fame had no breath for any other; but in a plain blue coat, drab pantaloons, and moral essays, which are at every turn at present I hear that some gentleman half'boots, suddenly entering his roomgiving one some disagreeable slap. of Caledonia, or of the Lakes, fills all door, decked out as a spruce Templar, Plays and novels I find still more im- her trumpet ; and such will, most like such as Addison describes with pink pertinent, for as it pleased my stars to ly, in time (less time) give place to o- knots on his shoes, an embroidered coat marry me at fifty-six, to a lady just turn ther ribands esteemed more fashiona- and waistcoat, a sword by his side, and ed of sixteen, you cannot conceive the ble. On this fantastic head I have long a bag-wig on his head ; or, still vexation contained in books of this sort. ceased to venture an opinion.

farther back, arrayed as a young To read them at home is perfect tenter The classics are my only safe reading; Druid,* (according to the records we hook work, and to go to the

theatre is Thucydides and Tacitus can be perused have of the druidical fashions,) in a still rather worse. The last play I saw, with solid information, and even talked long habit with six collars, short hair (and it is the last I'll see) was The School of with security. With regard to them, and long beard, a wand in his hand, for Scandal, and on Sir Peter exclaim- party spirit is dead, and all are agreed and an egg incased in gold hanging ing, “When an old man marries a young that farmerly there were foolish princes, round his neck. With the Mall

, in wife, he deserves--he-no--the crime and diabolical tyrants, as well as cor- St James's park, we continue very well carries the punishment along with it !" rupt and wicked ministers, and oppres- acquainted, but we no longer associate I could not for the soul of me help sed and degraded people. thinking that the house was laughing at

with it in our thoughts the bustle and It appears, then, (at least to me,) that As it respects me, then, these are in this the most writing age, there never

mystery of love-adventures, of which it. sealed books. was less that a wise man would wish to vourite scene, and is accordingly, in

appears to have been formerly the faI shall next mention political pam- read—confusion and not instruction is much use with the dramatists of last phlets. If I

peruse one

I feel illumin- the result of great reading, and of these ated, and all is clear to me as the noon-hellucnes librorum, these gormandizers of day, but if I read two my light goes out, modern literature, I, who confine my * Druids, among the Britons, by their office and I am plunged into cimmerian dark-self to a few good classics, may say with did determine all kinds of matters, as well private ness. It is just so with newspapers--in-the philosopher in Plato, “ I should be as public; and were justices, in law matters deed a friend of mine who loves to see as great a fool as they are, if I read as

and controversies, for offences of death and title every thing marching on triumphantly, much."

Jones's Answer to Tait's Questions will never look but at one Paper. The Considering, then, the reflection of

about the Druids.

to go

me.

of laws.

ance.

February 7, 1818.)
Arts and Sciences-Patent Printing Machine, &c.

231 century-women of fashion intriguing them; but, as fast as they run, they by the assistance of two boys it prints in masks, have been succeeded by foot- stay there so long as if they wanted not 750 sheets on one side per hour. As guards and nursery maids. Will's cof- time to finish the race ; for it is usual dispatch, however, is of the utmost imfee house remains, and so does the here to find some of the young com- portance to a newspaper, it was deemed Grecian, and White's, we believe ; but pany till midnight; and the thickets of advisable to construct what is called a for all their original purposes they have the garden seem to be contrived to all Double Machine. This differs in no perished. Steele, were he with us now, advantages of gallantry, after they have respect from that above described, exand writing his Tatlers, could not with refreshed with the collation, which is cepting the addition of a second printany propriety date his papers on poetry here seldom omitted, at a certain ca. ing cylinder, by which means, with the from the first, on learning from the se- baret, in the middle of this paradise, assistance of four boys, 1100 sheets are cond, and on topics of gallantry and where the forbidden fruits are certain printed within the hour on one side. pleasure from the third. The only trifling tarts, neats' tongues, salacious The machines used for printing the place of this kind that retains any por meats, and bad rhenish; for which the Times newspaper are on this plan, and tion of its old air, is the Chapter in gallants pay sauce, as indeed they do have now been constantly in use since St Paul's church-yard ; it still adheres at all such houses throughout England; November 1814. After the Times mato its original uses,-takes in the peri- for they think it a piece of frugality be- chines were constructed, the grand imodical publications and new works, neath them to bargain or account for provement of the Completing Machine has a small library attached to it, serves what they eat in any place, however was suggested, so called from its delino dinners, and is frequented by per- unreasonably imposed upon.'

vering the sheet printed on both sides. sons of a literary character and appear

It has a double inking and printing apThe very benches and waiters

paratus, with two carriages or coffins, here have the look of 1720; and its

ARTS AND SCIENCES.

each large enough to admit a double general aspect on entering it, almost

demy form 34; by 21 inches. The paconjures up Addison, standing with his

is laid on an endless web, called the back to the fire, surrounded by a group The Patent Completing Printing Ma- feeder, which revolves at intervals ; of wits, whose sallies are the delight of

chine.

thence the sheet passes into the mathe whole room. These attractions

ABOUT ten years ago, Mr Bensley chine, and is ejected in a few seconds have resulted from the gradual Auctua- was applied to by Mr Konig, a Saxon, printed on both sides

. By this means tion of manners ; another source of the who submitted to him proposals for 900 sheets are struck off in an hour, altered looks of things is the wonderful joining him in the prosecution of a plan printed on both sides, or 1800 impresextension of the metropolis

, which has for improving the common printing sions ; if the double sized paper, be for many years been going into the press, which consisted chiefly in mov used, 3600 single impressions. Two country. An old print represents the ing the press by machinery, by which boys and an overlooker are all the asvillage of Charing, with its cross ; near the labour of one man might be saved. sistance requisite, and a steam-engine to which is a road-post, with two in. A press was formed on this plan; but of one-horse power is sufficient force dexes, one pointing " To London,” the the result was so unsatisfactory as to to impel it. The patentees must feel a other « To Westminster.Saint Mar- induce the rejection of it altogether. just pride in the completion of such an tin's in the fields, is now one of the It will readily be conceived that this arduous undertaking, after so many closest-built and most thickly peopled resolution was not taken till after num- years of labour and expence; and it is parts of the town. By Spring Gardens berless xperiments had rendered the not the least gratifying circumstance we now understand the site of a noted prospect of success hopeless. The idea attending it, to consider that in Enghotel, and an excellent pastry-cook's of cylindrical impression now presented land so important an invention has been shop; but in our old comedies it is als itself

, which had been attempted by matured, which had been previously luded to as a favourite place of intrigue, others without success; and a machine rejected by all the principal cities on to which its umbrageous walks and on this construction was completed, the continent; for the inventor (Mr mazy thickets gave but too convenient after encountering great difficulties, at Konig) spent not less than two years

In a work called “ Character the close of the year 1812. It may be in seeking patronage in Germany and of England,by Jo. Evelyn, Esq. proper here to introduce an outline of Russia, till at length, to use his own dated 1650, we have this description its operation - The form, (i.e. the words, he was a compelled to take regiven us of Spring Gardens.—“ The composed types) is placed on a car- fuge in England, the only country where manner is, as the company return from riage or coffin, which is constantly pass mechanical inventions are duly rewardHyde Park, to alight at the Spring ing under the inking cylinders, obtain

ed.' Gardenwhich inclosure is far from ing a coat of ink in its ingress and disagreeable, for the solemnness of the egress; these cylinders have a lateral

_ grove, the warbling of the birds, and as and rotatory motion, for the purpose of Improvement in Sir Humphrey Davy's it opens into the spacious walks at equalizing the ink before it is commuSt James's. But the company walk in nicated to the form. After the form is

Safety Lamp. it at such a rate, you would think all thoroughly inked, it passes under the Sir H. Davy has made a farther the ladies were so many Atlantas con printing cylinder, on which the paper discovery in regard to combustion, tending with their wooers; and, my is laid, where it receives the impres- which will prove a very great improveLord, there was no appearance that I sion, and thence delivers itself into the ment to his safety lamp. He thus deshould prove the Hippomenes, who hands of the boy who waits to receive scribes it in a letter to the Rev. 1. could with much ado keep pace with it. This is termed a Single Machine ; Hodgson of Heworth :

& cover.

232
Arts and Sciences.

[February 7, 1818. T“ I have succeeded in producing a Dr Brewster, of Edinburgh, when causes contribute to the effect in queslight perfectly safe and economical, examining the optical properties of ice, tion. which is most brilliant in atmospheres has found that even large masses, two in which the flame of the safety lamp or three inches thick, formed upon

the It is well known that during the prois extinguished, and which burns in surface of standing water, are as per. cess of malting, a sweet matter is geevery mixture of carburetted hydrogen fectly crystallized as rock crystal, or nerated in grain. When barley-meal gas that is respirable. It consists of a calcareous spar, all the axes of the ele is infused in hot water, and kept in that slender metallic tissue of platinum, mentary crystals corresponding with the state for some time, the same saccharine which is hung in the top of the inte axis of the hexaedral prisms, being ex- matter, as is well known, is formed. No rior of the common lamp of wire gauze, actly parallel to each other, and per- light (says Dr Thomson) has hitherto or in that of the twilled lamp. It costs pendicular to the horizontal surface. been thrown upon this process, though from 6d. to 1s. and is imperishable. This unexpected result was obtained by it is essential towards the theory of This tissue, when the common lamp is transmitting polarised light through a brewing and distillation. But Kirchoff, introduced into an explosive atmo- plate of ice, in a direction perpendicu- whose views were naturally turned tosphere, becomes red hot, and continues lar to its surface. A series of beauti- wards this subject, by his discovery of to burn the gas in contact with it as ful concentric coloured rings, with a the method of converting starch into long as the air is respirable; when the dark rectangular cross passing through sugar by means of acids, has lately pub: atmosphere again becomes explosive, their centre, were thus exhibited, and lished an experiment, which constitutes the flame is relighted. I can now burn were of the opposite nature to those an sential and important step in the any

inflammable vapour, either with or which Dr Brewster had some years ago theory of fermentation. Barley-meal without fame, at pleasure, and make discovered in beryl, the ruby, and other contains both gluten and starch. If the wire consume it with either red or minerals. The polarising force of ice pure starch be infused in hot water, it white heat. I was led to this result, was found, from many experiments, to is not converted into sugar. Neither by discovering slow combustions with be it, that of rock crystal being 366. does gluten become saccharine matter out flame; and at last I found a metal

when treated in the same way. But, if which made these harmless combustions SIG. CONTE VOLTA has published a mixture of pure dried pulverized wheat visible.”

observations on the periodical returns gluten and potato-starch be infused in

of thunder-storms, and the very cold hot water, the starch is converted into NORTH-West PASSAGE.- Vessels and dry wind generally prevailing after sugar. During the process an acid is are fitting out by government for the them, when there has been a consider- evolved; yet the glutten is little alterpurpose of attempting again the north- able fall of hail; he undertakes to ex- ed; and, if the liquid be filtered, most west passage, the season being consi- plain a phenomenon relative to thunder- of it remains upon the filter. But it dered as peculiarly favourable to such storms, in their tendency to re-appear does not answer when employed a sean expedition. Larger masses of ice for several consecutive days, at the cond time to convert starch into sugar.than ever were before known, have this same hour, and over the same tract of It appears, then, that it is the gluten year been seen floating in the Atlantic, country, which the inhabitants of the which acts upon the starch, and converts and from their magnitude and solidity, mountainous districts in Italy never fail it into sugar. By malting, the gluten reached even the 10th latitude before to observe in the course of the spring undergoes a change, which enables it they were melted into a fluid state. and summer. This is particularly the to act more powerfully in turning the From an examination of the Greenland case in the neighbourhood of the Italian starch of raw grain into sugar. captains it has been found, that owing lakes and throughout Lombardy. If a to some convulsions of nature, the sea thunder-storm makes its appearance A remarkable phenomenon took place was more open and more free from com over a certain valley, or some profound at Gerace in Calabria, on the 13th of pact ice than in any former voyage they opening in the ridge of mountains sur- March 1813. The circumstance is reever made; that several ships actually rounding the lake, at the hour of twelve, lated by Professor Sementini of Naples. reached the 84th degree of latitude, in and if the atmosphere clears towards The wind was westerly, and heavy which no ice whatever was found; that the evening after a shower of hail, an- clouds over the sea were approaching for the first time for 400 years, vessels other thunder storm will occur the next the land. About two hours after noon penetrated to the west coast of Green- day, and for several succeeding days, the wind fell, and the sky became quite sand, and that they apprehended no ob- at the same hour, and over the same dark. The clouds assumed a red and stacle to their even reaching the pole, place, without any deviation. He first threatening appearance, thunder folif it had consisted with their duty to supposes, that where a thunder-storm lowed, and rain fell, which had a red their employers to make the attempt. arises in serene weather succeeding a colour from a mixture of red dust. The This curious and important information thunder-storm of the preceding day, inhabitants were alarmed, and focked has induced the Royal Society to apply such a repetition must be owing to some to the churches, conceiving that the to ministers to renew the attempt of ex- particular modification imparted to the end of the world was come.

The red ploring a north-west passage, as well as column of air in which the phenomenon dust was very fine. It became black to give encouragement to fishing vessels takes place, by the first thunder storm, when exposed to a red heat, and efferto try how far northward they can reach, either by a peculiar or permanent elec- vesced when treated with acids. Its by dividing the bounty to be given, on tric state communicated to the said co- constituents were silica, carbonate of the actual discovery, into portions, as a lumns of air, or a considerable and equal- lime, alumina, iron, and chromium. reward for every degree beyond 84 that ly permanent change in its temperature; What renders this rain the more rethey shall penetrate.

and Volta believes that both these markable is, that the constituents of

February 7, 1818.]
Arts and Sciences.

293 this red dust are the same nearly with a singular nature were put on board at diately began to utter the most piercing one of the meteoric stones.

Batavia, for a passage to England; the and distressing cries, butting instinc

one a snake of that species called Boa tively, at the same time, with its head It having occurred to Mr Stevenson, Constrictor, the other an Ourang Out towards the serpent, in self-defence. that the waters of the surface of the sea ang. The former (which only we shall The snake, which appeared at first must have less of the saline particles notice,) was somewhat small of his kind, scarcely to notice the poor animal, soon than the waters of the bottom, he lift- being only about 16 feet long, and 18 began to stir a little, and, turning his ed water from the surface at the an- inches in circumference, but his stomach head in the direction of the goat, it chorage off Fort. William, and found it was rather disproportinate to his size, length fixed a deadly and malignant to be 1008.2; at the depth of nine fa as will presently appear. He was a na- eye on the trembling victim, whose athoms, 1025.5; at the depth of thirty tive of Borneo, and was the property of gony and terror seemed to increase; fathoms, in the central parts of the loch, a gentleman, (now in England,) who for, previous to the snake seizing its it was 1027.2.; indicating the greater had two of the same sort, but in the prey, it shook in every limb, but still specific gravity, and consequently more passage up to Bataria, one of them continuing its unavailing show of attack, of the saline particles as the depth of broke loose from his confinement, and by butting at the serpent, who now bethe water is increased.

very soon cleared the decks, as every came sufficiently animated to prepare for

body very civilly made way for him. the banquet. The first operation was, Professor Berzeilus of Stockholm Not being used to a ship, however, or that of darting out his forked tongue, and states, that small quantities of titanium taking, perhaps, the sea for a green at the same time rearing a little his head; are occasionally met with in sulphuric field, he sprawled overboard, and was then suddenly seizing the goat by the acid of English manufacture; and that drowned. He is said not to have sunk fore leg with his mouth, and throwing in sulphuric acid from a manufactory immediately, but to have reared his head him down, he was encircled in an in at Stockholm minute portions of tel. several times, and with it a considerable stant in his horrid folds. So quick, and Turium, in the state of sulphuret, have portion of his body, out of the sea. His so instantaneous was the act, that it been found mixed with unburned sul companion, lately our shipmate, was was impossible for the eye to follow the phur, The sulphur employed in the brought safely on shore, and lodged in rapid convolution of his elongated body. latter manufactory is obtained from py- the court yard of Mr Davidson's house It was not a regular screw-like turn that rites found in the mine of Fahlun, in at Ryswick, where he remained for was formed, but resembling rather a which no traces of tellurium have yet some months, waiting an opportunity of knot, one part of the body overlaying been discovered.

being conveyed home in some commo- the other, as if to add weight to the

dious ship sailing directly for England, muscular pressure, the more effectually On the morning of the 3d Novem- and where he was likely to be carefully to crush his object. · During this time ber an aerolite of considerable size fell attended to. This opportunity offered he continued to grasp with his mouth, in the Rue de Richelieu at Paris, with in the Cæsar, and he was accordingly though it appeared an unnecessary presuch force as to displace part of the embarked on board of that ship with the caution, that part of the animal which pavement, and to sink to some depth rest of her numerous passengers. Dur- he had first seized. The poor goat, in into the earth. It was accompanied by ing his stay at Ryswick he is said to the meantime, continued its feeble and a sulphureous smell, and seemed to have been usually entertained with a half-stifled cries for some minutes, but have been recently in a state of igni- goat for dinner once in every three or they soon became more and more faint, tion or combustion.

four weeks, with occasionally a duck and at last it expired. The snake, how

or a fowl,, by way of a desert. He was ever, retained it for a considerable time Mrs Agnes Ibbetson, whose curious brought on board shut up in a wooden in its grasp, after it was apparently mobotanical researches have been prose- crib or cage, the bars of which were tionless. He then began slowly and cuted with equal perseverance and suc sufficiently close to prevent his escape ; cautiously to unfold himself, till the cess, has thoroughly examined, for the and it had a sliding door, for the pur- goat fell dead from his monstrous ema

third time what is termed the perspira- pose of admitting the articles on which brace, when he began to prepare himtion found now and then on a few trees. he was to subsist; the dimensions of self for the feast. Placing his mouth in This is no other than the transparent the crib were about four feet high, and front of the head of the dead animal, eggs of a small insect feeding at the time about five feet square, a space sufficient he commenced by lubricating with his under the leaf, while the eggs are left ly large to allow him to coil himself saliva that part of the goat; and then on the upper surface. A singular phæ- round with ease. The live stock for his taking its muzzle into his mouth, which nomenon is exhibited by these eggs, use, during the passage, consisting of had, and indeed always has, the appearwhich sometimes run round with great six goats of the ordinary size, were sent ance of a raw lacerated wound, he suckvelocity, when the mother insect is not with him on board, five being considered it in, as far as the horns would als near them, for above a minute at a time. I ed as a fair allowance for as many low. These protuberances opposed

months. At an early period of the voy- some little difficulty, not so much from The Boa Constrictor.

age we had an exhibition of his talent their extent as from their points ; how

in the way of eating, which was publicly ever, they also in a very short time disapThe following interesting fact in na performed on the quarter-deck, on which peared; that is to say, externally, but their tural history, respecting this immense he was brought. The sliding door be progress was still to be traced very discreature, is extracted from M.Leod's ing opened, one of the goats was thrust tinctly on the outside, threatening every Narrative of a Voyage to the Yellow sea : in, and the door of the cage shut. The moment to protrude through the skin

Notwithstanding the crowded state poor goat, as if instantly aware of all the The victim had now descended as fa of the Cæsar, two passengers of rather horrors of its perilous situation, imme. the shoulders, and it was an astoni

5

234

Fine Arts.

[ February 7, 1818. sight to observe the extraordinary ac field and his household, of whom, if we letter, so honourable to Mr Haydon, tion of the snake's muscles when stretch-recollect aright, each individual looked by hoping that the correspondence thus ed to such an unnatural extent- an ex stately forth in the solitude of his own begun, will not end, and that“ Mr Haytent which must have destroyed all mus- imagination. This little piece, though don will continue it for the benefit of cular power in any animal that was not, it does not tell a tale, comprises a very the arts in Russia.” like itself, endowed with very peculiar pleasing and interesting groupe. The faculties of expansion and action at the bard himself is seated in a familiar attisame time. When his head and neck tude on a bank, in the exact costume

Equestrian Statue of Henry IV. had no other appearance than that of a in which he perambulates the hills and

PARIS will soon exhibit a new moserpent's skin stuffed almost to burst- dales of his estate, viz. a short jacket, nument in honour of Henry IV. The ing, still the workings of the muscles leather gaiters, and large white hat, ancient equestrian statue of that monwere evident ; and his power of suction, with a dog-whistle suspended round his arch is shortly to be replaced on the as it is erroneously called, unabated; neck, and a huge oaken towel in his Pont Neuf. Some anecdotes relative it was, in fact the effect of a contractile hand. Behind him, on the right, are to this statue and its history, may not muscular power, assisted by two rows seen Mrs Scott, as a cottage matron, be uninteresting to our readers. This of strong, hooked teeth. With all this and her daughters, two young ladies monument was the first of the kind he must be so formed as to be able to rising into the bloom of life, attired as erected to the memory of the kings of suspend, for a time, his respiration ; for ewe-milkers; on the left is an admira- France. Its foundation was laid by it is impossible to conceive that the pro- ble groupe, consisting of Captain Fer- Marie de Medicis, as a token of love to cess of breathing could be carried on guson, an early and valued friend of her illustrious consort in the year in while the mouth and throat were so Mr Scott's; Mr Walter and Mr Charles which Louis XIII. her son, came of completely stuffed and expanded by the Scott, his sons, and a fine old rosy pea- age. That princess destined for the body of the goat, and the lungs them- sant, an appendage of the family. Mr monument a superb horse executed in selves (admitting the trachea to be ever Scott's gigantic stag greyhound Maida bronze, which had been presented to so hard) compressed, as they must have occupies the foreground, with some less her by Cosmo II. de Medicis, her fabeen, by its passage downwards. The important figures.

ther. This horse was executed by whole operation of completely gorging

order of Ferdinand, Grand-duke of the goat occupied about two hours and twenty minutes : at the end of which The superior talents of a young Ro- Tuscany, who intended to have had

man painter called Agricola, are so commissioned Giovanni di Bologna, a time, the tumefaction was confined to

his own statue placed upon it. He had the middle part of the body, or stomach, much admired, that he is assigned a pupil of Michael Angelo, to exethe superior parts, which had been so place, by connoisseurs, between Ra- cute the work; but the prince and much distended, having resumed their phael and Leonardo de Vinci. A pic- the artist dying before the statue natural dimensions. He now coiled ture, representing Petrarch and Laura,

was completed, Cosmo II. _his suchimself up again, and lay quietly in has carried the reputation of this artist

cessor, had it finished by Pietro de his usual torpid state for about three to the highest pitch.

Taca, the most celebrated sculptor of weeks or a month, when, his last meal

his time. He afterwards gave it to his appearing to be completely digested The splendid picture by David, of daughter, who was regent of the and dissolved, he was presented with Bonaparte scaling the Alps, which was kingdom, and appointed the Cheanother goat, which he devoured with long in the hall of statues at Paris, and valier Pascholini to present it to her. equal facility. It would appear that al- concealed from public view by a co- These details have been chiefly collectmost all he swallows is converted into vering of green cloth, has been pur- ed from a parchment manuscript, which nutrition, for a small quantity of cal- chased, it is said, by the King of Prus- was enclosed in a leaden case, and careous matter, (and that, perhaps, not sia, and is now in the palace at Berlin. placed under the pedestal of the statue, a tenth part of the bones of the animal)

and a copy of which has been faithfully with occasionally some of the hairs,

preserved by historians. It is there seemed to compose his general fæces ;

Casts from the Elgin Marbles.

stated, that the first stone was laid on and this may account for these animals A set of casts from the Elgin marbles the 23d of August, 1614; that the king being able to remain so long without a are to be immediately prepared for the was present at the ceremony, accomsupply of food. He had more difficul. Imperial Academy of Arts at Peters- panied by all his court, by M. de Lainty in killing a fowl than a larger ani- burgh, under the direction and super-court, governor of Paris, by the Prevot mal, the former being too small for his intendence of Mr Haydon, to whom des Merchands, and the Echerins. The grasp

M. M. Qlenin, the preident, has written horse was shipped at Leghorn in 1613,

in the most flattering terms for that on board a frigate, which was wrecked FINE ARTS.

purpose. M. Olenin has also, as a mark on the coast of Sardinia. The vessel of his estimation for Mr Haydon's ta- and the crew perished, and the horse

lents, presented him, for his own private remained nearly a year in the sea. It MR WIL KIE, the celebrated artist, study, with some casts from the impe- was afterwards drawn out, and conveyed has lately made a finished sketch of Mr rial collection of a bust of Achilles, a to Havre, where it arrived in the beWalter Scott and his family. The ar- beautiful statue of Venus, and one of ginning of May 1614, and reached Parangement of the figures can hardly be Silenus, which are considered as the ris, by the Seine, on the 13th of August said to compose a story; neither is it finest things in the collection of the following. The statue was executed like that of the worthy Vicar of Wake- emperor. M. M. Olenin, concludes his by Dupre, the master of the famous

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