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COLUMBIA, Columbia, to glory arise ;
The queen of the world, and the child of the skies;
Thy genius commands thee; with rapture behold,
While ages on ages thy splendours unfold.
Thy reign is the last, and the noblest of time,
Most fruitful thy soil, most inviting thy clime ;
Let the crimes of the east ne'er encrimson thy name,
Be freedom, and science, and virtue, thy fame.

To conquest and slaughter let Europe aspire ;
Whelm nations in blood, and wrap cities in fire ;
Thy heroes the rights of mankind shall defend,
And triumph pursue them, and glory attend.
A world is thy realm: for a world be thy laws,
Enlarg'd as thine empire, and just as thy cause ;
On freedom's broad basis thy empire shall rise,
Extend with the main, and dissolve with the skies.

Fair science her gates to thy sons shall unbar,
And the east see thy.morn hide the beams of her star;
New bards, and new sages, unrivalled shall soar
To fame unextinguish'd, till time is no more.
To thee, the last refuge of virtue design'd,
Shall fly from all nations the best of mankind :
Here, grateful to Heaven, with transport shall bring
Their incense, more fragrant than odours of spring.

Nor less shall thy fair ones to glory ascend, And genius and beauty in harmony blend ; The graces of form shall awake pure desire, And the charms of the soul ever cherish the fire: Their sweetness unmingled, their manners refin'd, And virtue's bright image, instamp'd on the mind, With peace and soft rapture, shall teach life to glow, And light up a smile in the aspect of wo.

Thy fleets to all regions thy power shall display, The nations admire, and the ocean obey; Each shore to thy glory its tribute unfold, : And the east and the south yield their spices and geld. As the day spring unbounded, thy splendour shall flow, And earth's little kingdoms before theè shall bow, While the ensigns of Union, in triumph unfurld, Hush the tumult of war, and give peace to the world.

Thus, as down a lone valley, with cedars o'erspread, From war's dread confusion I pensively stray'd ; The gloom from the face of fair heaven retir'd; The winds ceas'd to murmur; the thunders expir'd ; Perfumes, as of Eden, flow'd sweetly along, And a voice, as of angels, enchantingly sung, “Columbia, Columbia, to glory arise, The queen of the world, and the child of the skies.”

Washington and Liberty.
O YE sons of Columbia, who bravely have fought,

For those rights, which unstain'd from your sires had descended! May you long taste the blessings your valour has bought,

And your sons reap the soil, which your fathers defended, Mid the reign of mild peace, may your nation increase, With the glory of Rome, and the wisdom of Greece ;

For ne'er shall the sons of Columbia be slaves,

While the earth bears a plant, or the sea rolls its waves.
While the fame of our arms, of our laws the mild sway,

Had with justice ennobled our nation in story,
Till the dark clouds of faction obscur'd our young day,

And envelop'd the sun of America's glory.
But let traitors be told, who their country have sold,
And barter'd their God, for an image of gold,

That ne'er shall the sons of Columbia be slaves,

While the earth bears a plant, or the sea rolls its waves. Tis the fire of the flint each American warms :

Then shou'd Rome's haughty victors beware of collision ! Let them bring all the vassals of Europe in arms,

We're a world by ourselves, and disdain a division ! While with patriot pride, to our laws we're allied, There's no foe can subdue us, no faction divide;

For ne'er shall the sons of Columbia be slaves,

While the earth bears a plant, or the sea rolls its waves. Lo! our mountains are crown'd with imperial oak,

Whose deep roots, like our liberties, ages have nourish'd, But before our dear country submits to the yoke,

Not a tree shall be left on the fields where it flourish'd. Should invasion impend, ev'ry grove would descend, From the hillstops they shaded, our shores to defend ;

For ne'er shall the sons of Columbia be slaves,

While the earth bears a plant, or the sea rolls its waves. Let our patriots destroy anarch's pestilent worm,

Lest our liberty's growth should be check'd by corrosion;
Then let clouds thicken round us, we heed not the storm ;

For our realm fears no shock, but the earth's own explosion.
Foes assail us in vain, though their fleets bridge the main,
For our altars and laws with our lives we'll maintain ;

And ne'er shall the sons of Columbia be slaves,

While the earth bears a plant, or the sea rolls its waves. Should the tempest of war overshadow our land,

All its bolts could ne'er rend freedom's temple asunder;
For unmov'd at its portal would Washington stand,

And repulse, with his breast, the assaults of its thunder!
His sword from the sleep of its scabbard would leap,
And conduct, with its point, ev'ry flash to the deep;

For ne'er shall the sons of Columbia be slaves,
While the earth bears a plant, or the sea rolls its waves.






1. And, to you, my fair countrywomen, the pride, the delight of this nation-decked with all those native charms and cultivated

graces, which can adorn the female character, whose moral influence, mild and unassuming, pervades every department of private and social life, to you, is assigned a most inportant, a most pleasing task. In the revered characters of wives, of mothers, the earliest guardians and instructers of those who will form the future citizens of this republic.,' upon your conduct depends their future usefulness to their country, her glory, or her shame.

2. It is yours to elicit and direct the first dawnings of that reason upon the due regulation of which depend their present, their eternal happiness. Instil into their infant minds the sacred principles of religion, and the great moral lessons it inculcates : next to their duty to their God, instruct them in their duties to their country. Show to them, the intimate, the necessary connexion between those sacred relations, as their reason and judgment expand ; read to them the Declaration of American Independence; let its golden truths, its sacred prirciples be deeply impressed upon their minds ; direct them to the “farewell address of Washington,' and bid them regard its precepts as the injunctions of a dying parent to his children, to be indelibly engraved upon their memories.

3. Let the examples of Franklin and Laurens, of Jefferson and Adams, of Green and Warren, of Kosciusco and La Fayette, and the host of worthies, whose names illumine the pages of our history, be ever held up to them for imitation.

Tell them of their patriotic zeal, and firmness in the senate ; of their heroic valour, and undaunted fortitude in the field ; apd for a consummation of all that can dignify the hero, the patriot, the statesman, the sage and the Christian-name to them WASHINGTON.

4. From the glare and brilliancy of his public life, lead them to his retirement-show whither this venerable patriot, voluntarily retiring from the ardent gaze and plaudits of an admiring world-having applied his best years to the service of his country, he devoted the residue of his days to his friends, to his family, and to his God. In his character let them see the rare combination of the noblest, the most elevated attributes of the hero and the magistrate, with the industry, the economy, the exact regularity, and all the social virtues of the obedient, the useful citizen :To close the impressive lesson, point them to the glorious consummation of his character, in his pious re: signation, and his death.


The Unanimous Declaration of the Congress of the Thirteen

United States of America, passed July 4, 1776.*

1. When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation

2, We hold these truths to be self-evident :-that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed ; that when ever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the. right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its

Philadelphia, July 5, 1776. · DEAR SIR,

Yesterday the greatest question was decided which was ever debated in America, and greater, perhaps, never was or will be decided among men. A resolution was passed, without one dissenting Colony, that these United States are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states."

“The day is passed. The 4th of July, 1776, will be a memorable epocha in the history of America. L'am apt to believe it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary festival; it ought to be commemorated as the day of deliverance, by solemo acts of devotion to Almighty God. It ought to be solemnized with pomp, sbows, games, sports, bonfires, and illuminations, from one end of the continent to the other, from this time forward forever! You will think me transported with enthusiasm, but I ain not. I am well aware of the toil, and blood, and treasure, that it will cost to maintain this declaration, and support and defend these States; yet, through all the gloom, I can see a


of light and glory. I can see that the end is worth more than all the means, and that pogo terity will triumph, although you and I may rue, which I hope we shall not. Yours, &o.




in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safe. ty and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate, that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes ; and accordingly all experience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of these colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former systems of government. The history of the present king of Great Britain, is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having, in direct obo ject, the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these States. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.

3. He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

4. He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation, till his assent should be obtained ; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to o them. He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of representation in the legislature a right inestimable to them, and formi. dable to tyrants only.

5. He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the repository of their publíc records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

6. He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for opposing, with manly firmness, his invasions on the rights of the people.

T. He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative powere, incapable of anni. hilation, have returned to the people at large, for their exercise, the state remaining, in the mean time, exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within. 8. He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States ; for

purpose obstructing the laws for naturalization of foreigaers ; refusing to pass others to encourage their migraticn hither, and raising the conditions of new appropriations of lands.

9. He has obstructed the administration of justice, by refusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers.

10. He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

11. He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither swarms of officers, to harass our people, and eat out their substance.

12. He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing armies, without the consent of our legislatures.

13. He has affected to render the military independent of, and superiour to, the civil power:

14. He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended legislation :

15. For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:


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