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March 7. 1818.]
Epitaphs.

253 sexes, but they are of much more im- | airy elasticity of spirits and of senti-, nement of clay, it seems to mingle with portance in a man than in a woman, be- ment is cramped and chilled by the dis- its own eternity, -are enjoyments of cause they are more in keeping with the cipline. In place of the warm hues no common stamp. But, independent active energy of his character than with of their native character, their souls of these sublimest feelings of our nathe passive subtleness of her's.--A lit. contract a sort of petrifying rust. La- ture, a churchyard presents a scene of tle apple-faced girl has much more of bour and research, and the consump- a most attractive kind. Its motley feminine beauty than a tragedy queen. tion of the midnight oil, are not for group of inhabitants—the unlettered Without carrying the system, like La- women. They are framed for half oc. effusions of the lowly survivors the vater and Dr Spurzheim, into individual cupied ease, and recumbent though rude efforts of the rustic Muse—and nature, in generic there is a strong ana. not intellectual luxury-formed in “ the the transient sparks of lingering van logy between the mind and its corporeal very, poetry of nature"-soft, light, nity, all combine to excite the blended tenement, and the sexual contrast which gracile, and retiring--the fairies of re sensations of regret and chastened is so strikingly displayed in the minutiæ ality-etherial visions of purity and mirth. We can indeed scarcely refrain of character and inclination we would pleasure, and sensibility. It is hard, from shedding the tear of mortality at have closely kept in view in the intel- of course, to define one's beau ideal of the recollection of the undistinguished lectual cultivation of each. We would the most beautiful creature of the uni- and undisguising group before no more have a woman learn Greek, verse-something like the task of em- eyes. The aged veteran in the conthan we would have her learn the broad bodying Cynthia.

tests of life, now gathered to his fasword exercise or than we would wish “ Come, then, the colours and the ground

thers, like a shock of corn in full ripea man to be accomplished in lace-mak

ness, and smiling, as it were, in the ing or tambour. There is a plastic Dip in the rainbow-trick her off in air."

tranquillity of the tomb ;-the little inlightness and flexibility in female minds No poet ever made his heroine a blue fant, as in their persons, which we would no stocking, and poets rarely have the bad

Strangled in life's porch!" more have encumbered with Aristotle, taste to choose . such ladies for the and the blooming maiden, or Longinus, than we would have the heroines of their domestic dramas.

Whose lonely unappropriated sweets latter weighed down under a suit of Shakespeare, Milton, Fletcher, and

Smiled like yon knot of cowslips on the clif, armour from the Tower. We would Lord Byron, have best understood the

Not to be come at by the willing band, as soon see Miss O'Neil act Coriolanus, loveliness of female character. Let us here sleep side by side, and commingle or Mr Kemble dance a cotilion. Wo not be thought to wish to degrade the with their kindred dust. The sigh of men always shine most when they are

sex to the level of those flattering toys Sorrow has ceased to swell, and the left to their own charming mirth and among them, who, with the help of all pulse of Hope to beat ;--the tear of natural tact, and are least burdened his condescension, can never rise into Misery has become a gem in heaven's with preparation and acquirement. any reciprocity with a sensible man. diadem of glory; and the strain of Ina They wield light weapons exquisitely. In a word, good taste appears to us the nocence here still hymns its carols to They have very frequently more con

essence of feminine grace and perfec. the harps of Mercy and of Peace. But versational wit and nicer perceptions of tion, and no inconsiderable share of these melancholy, yet mildly-pleasing the world than men—and fluency is cultivation is indispensable to produce feelings, will give place to smiles upon their prerogative. In short, they have this quality. _. This, then, we would reading the various monuments of more all those happy talents and facilities never have withheld-beyond this we tality. The little family details of sickwhich easily

acquire, and ever excel in would never go. To say a woman has ness, the good man's lengthened sufgraceful accomplishments. We would good taste, in the enlarged signification fering,—the fraughtless draughts of therefore be cautious how we clog and of the phrase, is to say every thing for physice_his friendly and consoling encumber the delicate machinery of her,- It implies sense, observation, advice to ever passer-by, of their minds with any thing resembling feeling, judgement, all that can charm,

Weep not for me, I am not dead, the severer culture which suits mascu- solace, and endear, all that can fit her

I'm but undress’d and gone to bed ;t line intellects. The result of such a to sympathise with our joys, to beam proceeding, we have generally observed on our sorrows, to brighten every scene the fantastic figures of little cherubs

pointing to their holy tents,--the grim to be fatal in some way or other. They of existence. cease to be clever, and become book.

representation of a Death's head reish. They are constantly oppressed

posing in sullen 'scowl on two crosswith an erudite repletion. From want

EPITAPHS.

bones, or the grotesque sculpture of of opportunity, or application, or capa

the honest man's fight to heaven in the city, they seldom get beyond a smat

To the Editor.

shape of a plump-cheeked puffing angel, tering of learning. They seldom go so Into whatever place I go, my first and ideas so irresistibly ludicrous, that

-presents an assemblage of relievos far as to acquire that grim grasp of the and dearest pleasure is to stray through we half forget the place where they objects of their study, which enables its churchyard. The solemn and hals are, and are tempted to deem them the them to turn their acquired stores to lowing reflections which such a spot offspring and invention of some comic advantage, and to interweave them cannot fail to excite;--the high truths satire. °Let them, however, have their with the native treasures of their own that spring from every stone ;-the minds. It is well if they don't become communion one holds, as it were, with

Physic did me no good," - part of an epi. pedants--but if they escape this, if they the grave ;-and the approximation our taph in Minchin-Hampton Church-yard, Glouhappily avoid grave disputation, and soul more especially feels to its God, + I have read the above lines in some church. sesquipedalian harangues, still the fine when, spurning the shackles of its teyard in Cumberland.

254

Epitaphs.

[March 7, 1816 merit; they come, “warm from the scholar. the inexpressible beauty of ma- ty that the poet has contrived that the heart," and are at the same time totally ny a Latin epitaph must plead hard for principal emphasis in the last line should free from those indelicate and disgust- a more extensive use, and, indeed, who be laid upon “ away,"—it almost gives ing figures which, in olden time,' and, can read the beautiful lines of that emi-life to the picture. There is also great to the disgrace of our good forefathers, nent scholar Bishop Lowth, on his ingenuity in bringing something to our used to contaminate the walls and every daughter, who fell dead into his arms, imagination ; we are not told whi. corner of our churches, and which took without readily yielding the palm to ther she went," and our interest is thus their rise from the malevolent spirit of that language, which contains so much kept alive by hopes and fears respecting opposition of the secular clergy to the sweetness and pathos ?

her ultimate destination. friars of former days *.

Cara, vale, ingenio praestans, pietate. pudore, We are enabled to trace the antiqui At plusquam natae nomine cara, vale! An inscription on a monumental tablet ir

the Cemetery of the Four Sections, Rue ty of epitaphs to an early date. Many Cara Maria vale ! at veniet felicius ævum,

Quando iterum tecum (sim modo dignus) ero. instances of epitaphs in prose and

Vagirard, Paris.

“ paternos verse may be collected from the old Cara redi,” laeta tum dicam voce,

[re Nivuse, 6 heures du Matin, 22 Xtre, 1802

Eja age in amplexus, cara Maria, redi:”
Greek poets and historians, who were

Louise LE FEAVE,
I have frequently, though in vain, at-

Agee de 25 ras, yet but children to the Chaldeans and

Victime de la mode meurtriere. Egyptians. But the oldest precedent tempted an English poetical version of

One of its of epitaphs must be that recorded in the this inimitable effusion.

Vertu, grace, beaute, modestic, ame bonne et oldest history, viz. the Old Testament, principal beauties is the repetition of

sensible,

“ Cara," 1 Sam. vi. 16. where it is recorded that that term of endearment,

La firent estimer et cherir. the great stone erected as a memorial which would be altogether lost in an

Repose en paix o ma LOUISE, unto Abel, by his father Adam, remain- English dress; and the last couplet is ed unto that day in being, and its name one of those delicate touches of simpli

Six ans de bonheur, comme un eclair

Se sont ecoulis! was called the < Stone of Abel," and city and pathos, and affecting allusion,

Morte a tous les yeux its elegy was, “ Here was shed the which all perhaps can feel, but so few

· Tu vivais dans mon coeur. blood of righteous Abel," as it is also are able to express.*

Of a different description altogether,

Rose, elle a vecu ce que vivent les roses. called 4000 years after, Matt. xxiii. 35. and this is the original of monumental yet equally

, simple and grand, is the one In Radcliffe ripon Soar, on Robert Smith memorials and elegies t.

1782, is inscribed There is scarcely any species of com- church:

Fifty-five years it was, and something more, position so difficult as the epitaph, and Si monumentum quaeras, circumspice.-

Clerk of the parish, he the office bore; yet so beautiful when attained. It ought Seek'st thou his monument ?-behold this dome !

And in that place, 'tis awful to declare, to unite the terse brevity of the epigram

Having given two such beautiful spe- Two generations buried by him were ! with the pathos of the elegy ; dignified, cimens of Latin epitaphs, I would now yet at the same time familiar; sublime, plead hard for the insertion of an Eng At Penryn, in Cornwall. yet striking the chords of every bosom ; lish one, which, in every point of view, Here lies William Smith, and what is somewhat

rarish, an union so high and so difficult, that it whether as poetry in general, or that is no wonder many have failed in its ex

He was born, bred, and hang'd in this parish! more particular species, the epitaph,

J.J. ecution. Dr Johnson has censured the seems to me to merit a degree of praise: An epitaph on a tomb stone in St Eda

mund's churchyard, Salisbury. inscriptions of this natures, and with description as equal as possible to life, justice, for it presents too harlequin an and to place the particular object im- Innocence embellishes divinely compleat

To prescience coegent, now sublimely great appearance for so solemn a subject as mediately before our eyes. With re

In the benignant, perfecting, vivifying statc a last tribute to the dead. The nerve spect to inscriptions in general, Boileau Go heavenly guardian occupy the skies and conciseness of the Latin is perhaps gives this rule, " Que les inscriptions The pre-existent God, omnipotent allwise better calculated for the epitaph than doivent etre simples, courtes et famili. He can surpassingly immortalize the theme our own more paraphrastic language; ares,”-and in all do I contend for the and permanent thy soul, celestial, supreme though, as it is a subject which ought pre-eminence of my epitaph. Behold it The Creator's nursing protection be thine to speak aloud to all, it is in most cases

So each perspiring aether will joyiully rise better to clothe it in the garb of our Here lies the body of Elizabeth Dent,

Transcendently good, super-eminently wise. own “ honest kersey" language, than Who kick d up her heels, and away she went ! enrobe it in the ornaments of a foreign Can anything be more simple, morebrief,

On Sir William Walworth, lord mayor style. Still, to the man of taste and the or more familiar? Yet what a picture of London, St Michael's, Crooked Lane.

is presented to our minds ! “ Away she Here under lyth a man of fame, Vide Walpoliana, p. 5.

went.' We almost fancy we see the William Walworth callyd by name; + Vide Athenian Oracle.

good woman skimming through the Fishmonger he was in life time here, | Life of Pope.

fields of air, “ Like Mary Lee of Car. And twice Lord Mæior as in bookes appers, There is a most unfortunate specimen of terha'. “ The clouds her steed the winds Who with courage stout and manly might, harlequinade upon a monument in St James's her charioteer.”+ It is no small beau. For which act done and trew intent,

Slew Wat Tyler in King Ricbard's sight. churchTo the Memory of

The king made him knight incontinent,
&c. &c. &c.
* Mr J, Duncombe has versified it, but his at-

And gave him armes, as heere you see,
Mercator Fortunatus,
tempt has been what Dryden calls

To declare his fait and chivalrie,
Natus Eleventh of One Thousand “ Pangs without birth, and fruitless industry."

He left this life the yere of our God, Obit Ninth of One Thousand, &c. + Hogg's Pilgrims of the Sun.

Thirteen hundryd fourescore and three odd.

then,

256

March 7, 1818.]

The Impostures of History. William Wray. In the same church. performed a miracle. In a word, hisa | country, will give so very opposite an Here lyeth, wrapt in clay,

tory may furnish illustrations, and well. account of the passing events of the The body of William Wray,

written works of fiction ; novels, for in. day, that a stranger might well suppose I have no more to say.

stance, may do the same; but natural they were adverting to two different

sagacity, sharpened and guided by ex- eras—to two different classes of perImpostures of History.

perience in the ways of men, and quick sons-and, indeed, to the affairs of two

as intuition to avail itself of every ad- distinct commonwealths and govern(From New York Portfolio.)

vantage that arises, can alone make the ments. To the splentic man who derives gra. statesman, and this the knowledge of A work of considerable utility to tification froin comparing the infirmi- all the histories in the world cannot young readers in particular, who are ties of his fellow creatures with the supply; though a too great reliance u naturally bribed into credulity by their comfortable estimate he has made of pon the information they impart, might love of the marvellous, was written I his own endowments—to the satirist thwart and defeat its operations. Not believe some time in the sixteenth cenwho feeds upon the exposure of human all the magnificent train of volumes tury, in the Italian language, and pubfoibles, as the worm does on putrid from Herodotus to Gillies could have lished by the abbé Lancelotti, a philoAesh, the inordinate encomiums which made a Ximenes, a Cromwell, a Riche- sopher, an historian, and a critic of the candidates for fame in political science lieu, or a Perigord. On the contrary, first eminence. It went to expose in, have pronounced on the uses of historyit would be difficult to find a series of perhaps, too minute detail, the falseand the mighty consequence which transactions in the whole, by the imi- hoods of history. In the beginning of some and those not inconsiderable-tation of which, as furnishing rules for the last century it was translated into statesmen, annex to the study of it, their conduct, those sagacious politi- French by the abbe Oliva, well known may perhaps afford matter of triumph. cians would not have defeated and ut by his connexion with the celebrated He, however, who sincerely cultivates terly ruined their own projects. I Montesquieu. It contains a view of the interests of letters, while he urges should be obliged to the historical | various historical impostures, from whiclı the perusal of history as a liberal ex- book-worm who would point out any I have selected a few that are well calercise for the mind, will season his re- thing in the records of the earth, bear- culated to afford at once entertainment commendation with such reflections as ing even a distant analogy to the French and instruction to the reading part of may occur to him that have a tendency revolutions, within the last five-and- our conimunity. to guard readers against an implicit twenty years, or even to our own more

« Zaleucus,

says the abbe, “ the faith in even the most authentic histo- familiar and less complicated condition prince and legislator of the Locrians, ry, as a source of instruction, or a di- at the period that we live in. How made a law that those who were conrection to practical conduct in the ma. idle-how mischievous then must it not victed of adultery sbould have their nagement of human affairs,

be, for mere closet-formed, book-rcad eyes put out. His son was the first Man is a creature of so nice and politicians to trust to their own shallow criminal, and he chose that he should complicated a texture-his dispositions perlantry in tampering with affairs of suffer the rigour of the law; but the no. and desires are so infinitely varied and state.

bility and people in general solicited capricious—his habits so subject to These truths are suggested upon the him so earnestly in the young man's change the circumstances and situa- hypothesis that histories are good au- favour, that he was unable to maintain tions in which he may be placed are thority for all they assert ; but how his resolution. However, he found out often so entirely independent of ante much stronger are they when it can be an expedient to satisfy and support the cedent events, and the accidents to made appear that in that circumstan- dignity of the law. He gave up one of which he may be exposed so little to tial detail, in which alone they can be his own eyes, and took away one of his be foreseen, and so unsusceptible of be- supposed to furnish instruction, they son's.' ing comprehended within any one act are not at all, and especially ancient The abbe's remarks on this story are of generalization, that the rule of con- histories, to be depended on. We too puerile to be noticed. The story, duct deduced from the experience know, that even in times which compa- however, is certainly an imposture. It of yesterday may to-day be inappli- ratively may be called recent, facts have is taken from Valerius Maximus. Heracable, and the experience of to-day been very differently represented. We clides, of Pontus, tells us that this was prove but a very fallacicus light for the know that some of the most enlighten. the Locrian punishment of robbers, and guidance of the morrow. This is more ed writers, living on the spot, furnished Cicero doubts the very existence of Zaleuespecially the case in political matters, with all the documents that can be ob- cus. respecting which he who should shape tained, interested by honourable prin “ Such is the reputation of Demohis conduct by historical analogies, ciples of zeal in the investigation of critus,” says the abbe again, “ that al. would have little more chance of suc- truth-indeed, many of them, the most most all the world is persuaded he put cess than a painter wlio should attempt | learned men in Scotland, the seat of his eyes out upon moral and honoura. to draw a likeness of a child from a per- erudition, essentially differ in their o- ble principles. Aulus Gellius assures fect intimacy with the physio mnomical pinions and representation of one soli- us that he took this resolution, in order lineaments of its father and the mother; tary unfortunate woman-Mary, queen to concentrate his ideas, and to enable -a certain remote resemblance inight, of Scots. We know that two historians, him more effectually to contemplate perheps, exist, as is fouod to preside contemporaries of each other and of the those mysteries of nature into which his more or less in all families; but if the times on which they write-Bisset and eyes did not suffer him to penetrate. picture were even a tolerably good like. Belsharn-disagree'; and we know that He quotes the verses of 'Laberius, ness, the pianter might be said to have two men taken from our parties in this wherein he says that Democritus . losi

136
We Impostures of History.

[March 17, 1818. his sight by looking too stcadfastly on who wrote the man's life not even al., a young man of Tuscany, named Spu. the sun. But, according to that philo- luded to.

rina, who was so singularly beautiful sopher, Democritus had a different view “ If,” continues the Abbé, " we were that the Tuscan ladies, even to a woin parting with his sight, which he suf to credit all said about him by high man, were dying for love of him. The fered, in order that he might not be historians, we cannot be astonished at youth, however, disfigured bis face in mortified with looking on vicious men. the cruelties and follies of Xerxes, and such a manner as to render himself as Plutarch, who had mentioned this be at the same time believe him to be the much an object of aversion as he had fore Aulus Gellius, considers it as an pink of humanity and of every heroic before been of love and admiration. The imposture. The assertion, says he, that excellence. Seneca in his noble piece historan alleges that he took this method Democritus deprived himself of sight by De Ira, informs us that an old man, to preserve his morals, the reputation looking on a burning-glass, is certainly named Pythius, had five sons whom of which he preferred to that of beauty false ; yet it is true that those who ac- Xerxes ordered to the wars. The fa- and love. • There is not a syllable of custom themselves to mental labour, ther begged one for the support of his truth in this story, (says the Abbé) and find the senses rather troublesome than age. The monarch gave him his choice, St Ambrose has said so before me.” useful. For this reason the retreats of but immediately commanded the son Another imposture of history is the study, and the temples of the muses, who was selected to be cut asunder, story of Hezegias, whose eloquence is are generally in solitudes ; and, proba- and the parts to be laid on each side of said by his historians to be so powerful, bly, it is for the same reason that the the high way, for the expiation of his that when he spoke of the evils of life, Greeks call the night Euphrona, that army. So much for the barbarity of his audience voluntarily put themselves is, “ the good thinker,” because the the man, now for his folly. He com to death. Less impossible, but still time that is least subject to dissipation manded the sea to be beaten with rods, very like impostures, are the stories reand variety is most favourable to thought. and cauterized with hot irons ; and he lated of the assassins sent to murder Thus Pluturch is persuaded that the wrote a letter to Mount Athos. Such Mark Antony and Marius, being overman who cannot see has a considerable are the tales and contemptible incon- powered by the eloquence of the fore advantage in point of meditation; and gruities foisted upon mankind under mer, and the dignity of the latter. it was undoubtedly under this idea that the name of history-read in the first Ælian relates that the Celts looked Pythagoras shut himself up a whole universities in the world --noted, illus- upon flight as, in every instance

, so in. winter in a subterranean cave.

trated, and commented upon by the supportably disgraceful, that they would “ Lactantius, on the other hand, says learned, and, with most simple faith, not fly from a house that threatened an that the mind decerns the object through credited by many. There are many immediate fall, or that would in a the medium of the eye, as through a other stories about this noise-making few minutes perish in the flames. “ Pliwindow. It is so essentially there, that personage, Xerxes, such as his army ny (says the abbe) tells us that the rats through the same medium you may drinking up rivers,-leaving the Lissus, and spiders will leave a house that is read what passes in it."

the Chidorus, and even the Scamander about to fall. What a contemptible “ Upon the whole,” says the Abbe, 1 dry; and, above all, the story related opinion must the Celts have entertained " it is evident that this story of Demo- of the cattle of the prodigious army of of those pusillanimous creatures ? critus is a mere imposture. How could this prodigious king, being so nume Pliny's accounts of the Thrasyme. he possibly think of putting out his rous that they exhausted a lake of five nian lake being on fire, and of Anaxar. eyes, when those organs are the medi- miles in circumference. Yet this is chus's biting off his own tongue-deum by which knowledge passes to the history!!!"

serye no quarter. understanding. Might he not, with In some cases the gravity with which Herodotus, Athenæus, and NichoPythagoras, have shut himself up in our honest Abbé reasons upon these las Damascenus, tell incredible stories darkness. If his aversion to the sight monstrous absurdities, is as ridiculous of the excessive flattery of courtiers, of vicious men made him destroy his as the stories are incredible. An in- who; to ingratiate themselves with eyes, it was indeed very extraordinary. stance or two may be given by way of princes, have imitated them in their Tertullian, however, tells a different amusement:

greatest absurdities. If the prince was story," which may be conjectured by Cicero (says the Abbé) speaking of Jame, his whole court was lame-if he those who have read of the sacrifice of the music of the spheres, says that the broke a limb, they underwent the same Origen, or remember why Dr Johnson reason why we do not hear it, is owing punishment.The incredulous abbé abstained from going behind the scenes partly to its continuance, and partly to disbelieves this; but we are far from of Drury-lane theatre.

its loudness. “Thus," sayshe, “the peo- thinking it improbable. “ It certainly was a most unphilosople who live near the cataracts of the Pliny and Arrian mention a tree phical proceeding on all parts, if we Nile, hear nothing at all.” Here the that spread its shade over five acres of take the facts from Tertullian ; since, good Abbé seems angry. • Hear no- ground. though the eyes were put out, the im- thing ! (says he very gravely) Why the So far I have gone along with the abbé agination was still alive. Cicero great-1-should they choose to live in such Lancelotti, in his exposure of the im. ly doubts this passage in history. Cur a place ? How could the business of postures of history; and now I would hæc eadem Democritus, qui, vere falso commerce and government be carried fain have an answer from some of your nequeremus dicitur oculis se privasse. en? Did they converse by signs ?” correspondents to this question, Is it

« Here then is a fact stated of a man Utrum Horum? Of the ancient fool or true that Hannibal cut his way across by a very high historiari, denied by o- the modern, the writer of the text or the the Alps, as historians relate. WITH thers, by Cicero, Plutarch, and Valeri- commentator, which is more ridiculous? FIRE, THON, AND VINEGAR---and if so, us Maximus, and by Diogenes Laertius, Valerius Maximus records a story of how did he apply the vinegar?' C.Ro

THE

refers to this work in the following pas- their hautie stomackes, and a nippitatum to their three or fower degrees of minor ruffes placed gre. March 7. 1818.) Skelches of Sociсty-Manners of the English in the Sis'eenth Century.

257 Sketches of Society.

He falls

very foul on Holland shirts, soine of this fashion, and some of that, and sone and ascribes infirmity and short lite to of this colour, and some of that, according to the fine linen. Hosen follow according to Another sort of dissolute minions and wanton

variable funtasies of their serpentine inindes. * * MANNERS OF THE ENGLISH IN SIXTEENTH CENTURY. custom.

sempromians (for I can terme tiem no better,) From “ THE ANATOMY OF ABUSES ; Contain In tymes past kynges (as old historiographers are so farne bewitched, as they are not ashamed ing a discoverie or brief summarie of such in their bookes yet extant doc recorde would not to make holes in their eares, whereat-thei hang notable Vices and Imperfections as now raigne disdain to weare a paire of hosen of a noble, tenne rynges, and other jewels of gold and precious in many countreyes of the world, but (espe- slillynges or a marke price, with all the rest of stones. But what this signifieth in them, I will ciallye) in a famous Islande called AILG- their apparell after the same rate, but now it is holde my peace, for the thing itself speaketh sufNA; together with most fearefull examples a small matter to bestowe twentie nobles, tenne ficiently. There is a certaine kinde of people of God's judgements executed upon the wic-pounde, 20 pounde. 40 pounde, yea la pounde in the orientall part of the world, as writers ked for the same, as wel in AILGnA of late as on one paire of breeches (God bee mercifull unto assume, that are such lovers of themselves, in other places elsewhere. Very godly to us,; and yet is this thought no abuse neither." and so proude withall, that havyng plentie of be read of all true Christians, but most needfull to be regarded in ENGLAND. Made dia duced to one of these Princes whose setting therein these precious stones, to the ende

As the reader may like to be intro. precious stones and margarites amongst them,

thci cutt and launce their skinnes and fleche, logue wise by PHILLIP STUBBES, allowed according to order. Printed at Lon- dress was not worth more than them- thei maie glister and shine to the eye. So, exdor, by Richard Jones, 16, August 1683." selves, we shall quote him Othello, act cept these women were minded to tread their ii. scene 11.

pathes, and folowe their direfull waies in this It will not require an Edipus to de

cursed kind of pride, I wonder what thei meane. Laco. Oh sweet Englande.

* * You heare not the tenth part, for no pen tect the geographical situation of this

King Stephen was an a worthy peer, is able so well to describe it, as the eye is to de“ famous ilande called Ailgna ;but His breeches cost him but a crown, scribe it. The women there use great ruffes and should guessing not serve, dull wits

He held them sixpence all too dear, neckerchers of hollande, laune, camericke, and will be much assisted by reading the

With that he called the tailor lown. such clothe as the greatest threed shall not be so word, like Hebrew, from right to left. This stanza is from an old song to be big as the least haire that is, then least thei Sir Egerton Brydges would have no found in “ Relics of Ancient Poetry." | in the devil's liquor, 1 mea ne starche; after that dealings with such libellous matter, but Dial. IV. A particuler description of the dried with great diligence, streaked, patted, and honest Phillip Stubbes has nevertheless Abuses of Womens Apparell in Ailgna. rubbed very nicely, and so applied to their good. not lived to this time without honour. Chalmers notices him, and Stevens, in handes, if, at the least, to be called a thousand of pride : beside all this, they have a farther

I trust I shall not be unrewarded at their ly necks, and withall underpropped with sup

portasses (as I told you before) the stately arcles J. and S.'s Shakespeare, Vol. II. p. 257. knaves be a sufficient guerdon, for my paines. fetche, nothyng inferiour to the rest, as namely

* It maie bee a sage :-" During the reign of Queen tender breasts, to heare their dirtie dreiges ript maister devill rufie ; the shirts then of these

, one beneath another, and all the Elizabeth, plays were exhibited in the up, and cast in their diamond faces. The wopublic theatres on Sundays as well as men (many of them) use to colour their faces great rufles are long and side, every waie plated,

and crested full curiously, God wot. on other days in the week, in which with certaine oyles, liquors, unguentes, and waStrype, in his additions to Stowe's Sur-ters made to that ende, whereby the thinke their We then have a very horrible story vey of London, says, the churches were beauty is greatly decored: but who seeth not of a young lady who cursed her maids,

that their soules are thereby deformed, and thei and how the devil came to assist at her forsaken, and the playhouses thronged.” brought deeper into the displeasure and indignaThe reference subjoined is probably to tion of the Almightie, at whose voyce the yearth toilette, and how he kissed her, and how these words:

:-" You shall have them doeth tremble, and at whose presence the heavens she turned all “ blacke and blewe.' flocke thether thicke and threefolde, shall liquefie and melt away?

* It How further she was taken out of her when the church of God shall be bare belonging to his arte or science, and a cobler verie leane and deformed, sittyng in the

an artificer or craftsman should make any thing coffin, and they found “ a blacke catte and emptie."

should presume to correct the same, would not The first dialogue is between Spu- the other thinke hymself abused, and judge hym coffin, setting of great ruffes, and frizdens and Philoponus.

The latter is re- worthie of reprehension ? And dooe these wo- lyng of haire, to the great feare and turned from his travels, and undertakes men thinke to escape the judgement of God, wonder of all the beholders.” Their to describe Ailgna. Dialogue H. is who hath fashioned them to his glorie, when their

gowns do not escape, and there is a great and more than presumptuous audacitie da" a particuler description of Pride, the reth to alter and chaunge his workmanship in sweeping condenination of their skirtes principall abuse in. Ailgna, and how ma them? Doe they suppose they can make them- trailying on the ground, and cast over nifold it is.” He holds dress to be a selves fairer than God that made us all? their shoulders like cowe tailes.” Petgreat sin, « apparel and pride” being

These must needes bce their intentions, or els ticoats are also not without their trim“ collaterall cosins.” After the fall , « it thei would never goe aboute to colour their faces

ming “ So that,” says he," when was given us to cover our shame wtihall, loweth the trimming and trycking of their heddes, they have all these goodly robes upon and not to feed the insatiable desires in laiying out their haire to the shewe, wbiche of them, women seem to be the smallest of mens wanton and luxuriouse eyes."

course must be curled, frisled, and crisped, laid | part of themselves, not naturall women,

out (a world to see) on wreathes and borders but artificiall women, not women of Dual. III —" A particuler description of Ap- from one eare to another. And least it should feshe and bluid, but rather puppits of

parell in Ailgna, by degrecs. To begin firste with their luttes Soinetymes and I cannot tell what, rather like grim, sterve mawmets, consistyng of ragges and thei use them sharpe on the croune, pearking up monsters, than chaste Christian matrones. Then cloutes compact together. like the spere or shaft of a steeple, standing a on toppes these stately turrets (I meane their After all this, when they have attired them. quarter of a yarde above the croune of their goodly heades, wherein is more vanitie than true selves thus, in the middest of their pride it is a heades some more, come lesse as please the phan- philosophie now and then stand their other ca. worlde to consider their coinesse in gestures, tasies of their inconstant mindes. Other some be pitalle ornaments, as French liood. hatt, cappe, their minsednesse in woordes and speecbes, their dat and broad in the croune, like the battlements kercher and such like, whercof some be of vel gingernesse in tripping on toes like young goates, of a house."

vet, some of taffetie, some (but few) of wooll, their demure nicitie and babishnesse, and witt,

*

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