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LETTER FROM JOHN JOHNSTON. guarantee for the inexhaustibility of our soil, but this very
NEAR GENEVA, July 5, 1860.
feature constitutes an insuperable objection to the disthe reaper, but the weather is bad, our hay suffering bad; water can be had, mole draining may answer, but if alMESSRS. EDITORS—Part of my wheat is about ready for pensing with tile--we must drain, but must also face the
music. It is possible that where a constant stream of ly. Winter barley was harvested in this neighborhood lowed to become dry, the sides and roof will crumble and 25th of June. I have little doubt but some wheat may be
fall in. cut already on sandy soils. Midge does considerable dam
I do hope that our farmers will be careful about investage in some fields, mine is comparatively free of that pest; ing in “ patent" machines until the thing is fully and fairall we want is good weather to insure a good crop of wheat, ly tested. The country is so completely flooded with and of fine quality.
worthless trash called "patents," and backed up by as Tell A. Moss that I use no other preventive for ticks worthless venders, who stop at no amount of lying, so they (keds, I notice
, is the name for them in some parts of but get the money, that a few words by way of caution Europe) than good feeding, dry yards, and well littered, may not be out of place. Prove
all things and and hold and not turn out in spring until they have pasture enough fast that which is good." Hawk Ere. Keokuk, June 18. to feed them fully; in that way my sheep are never infested with ticks. I seldom shear any, or only a few
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) now, as I sell them fat generally before shearing, but I superintended the shearing of 18ő belonging to my son-in
THE WHEAT MIDGE. law, who is in Europe, and neither the shearers or I could
Eps. Co. Gent.-In your issue of June 21, I see the find a single tick, and they sheared over 5 pounds of wool cach. Now those are kept on the same plan as I do mine. following note from J. Johnston, under date of June 11: I had an idea that feeding oil meal was a preventive, but
“The wheat midge is very numerous, and prepared to dethis last winter my son-in-law fed no oil cake meal, and
he posit the nits. They are all of seven days earlier than last liad 109 yearlings that were fed on clover hay, and thirty Lecture Report on the cultivation of the cereals, by JOSEPH
year.” In the same number, on page 394, Olcott's Yale busliels of buckwheat during the winter. If there was a tick on the lot we did not notice it. If other farmers Harris, we read: “If we could get wheat into bloom would keep their sheep in the same manner, they would ten days earlier, we could escape that terrible insect pest, surely have no ticks. When I first commenced keeping
the midge." sheep here I kept, at least fed them, like other farmers, relative to the
means of saving the wheat crop from insect
The latter seems to have been the prevailing sentiment only I made winter shelter; then they bred plenty of ticks
. depredations. But I have doubted its correctness. In. This I saw was unprofitable to me, and I commenced feeding better and littering the sheds and yards thoroughly, instinct as to the time their work is to be done.
sects which destroy our fruits or grains have a wonderful and I soon found I could raise sleep and not let them raise ticks, and I know every farmer can do the same if he kceps trees; among them is the Northern Spy, a tree which is
I have in my orchard several different kinds of apple his sheep in a thriving condition all the year.
some eight or ten days later in putting forth its leaves
than any other in my collection. Now I have observed (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] that the apple tree worm hatches just about as many DRAINING AND THE MOLE PLOWS.
days later on this tree as it is later than the others in put
ting forth its leaves. Nature thus provides against starEns. Co. Gent.—During the past few months much vation, by withholding from life until food is provided to has appeared in your paper and elsewhere upon the use of sustain that life. the mole plow, in draining. Several patents have been
So with the striped bugs which infest our vines. Their issued for new machines, and cousiderable interest has been appearance is earlier or later, as an early or later season awakened upon the subject, especially among the farmers has prepared their appropriate food. of the west, the experience of the past two years baving A similar law governs in the production of all our insect very forcibly impressed upon their minds the necessity of tribes. They have their appointed commissions to fulfil, drainage. Hence anything bearing upon this subject has and they will be sure to come at the right time to do their been examined with unusual care. The manufacture of work. If we cheat them once or twice by stealing the tiles is confined to very few places in the west, and their march upon them, they will be sure to wake up early expense is a great obstacle in the way of their introduction. enough for us next time, and perchance they will come
Now we have here the finest scope for the use of the mold down upon us with double fury for their previous loss. plow in the known world, for we have no stones or other Is it not so with the midge? For several years Mr. obstructions in the way, and if the drain is only durable, Johnston, and some others, perhaps, about Geneva, have we have no further excuse for not commencing the work been trying to cheat the midge, by producing earlier kinds in good earnest immediately. But here lies the difficulty. of wheat. And what is the result. Why, this year "the I have been satisfied from the first agitation of this subject midge appears full seven days earlier than last year.” And that there were inseparable objections in the way, origin- if they can get a grain ten days earlier than any which ating in the character of the soil and subsoil, but not un- they now raise, they will find this insect wake to life early til reading the article from “ A. P.” Galesburg, II., on enough to do his work in its appointed time. I am conpage 347, Co. GENT., have I felt at liberty to indulge in fident, Messrs. Editors, that some other plan must be adoptanything farther than private doubts. A. P.'s experience ed to save the wheat crop from the midge than that prois just what might have been expected from the nature of posed by Mr. Harris in bis New-Haven lecture. What the soil. Any one familiar with the country, or the pass that plan is, it is not the object of this paper to suggest. ing traveller cannot but perceive that its earthy formation Clinton, N. Y., June 29. S. W. RAYMOND. is very peculiar-very unlike what we meet with at the
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) We have no hills, but plenty of gullies or "gulches QUESTION FOR BEE-KEEPERS. the general appearance is that of a vast plain, the channels of whose streams have either dropped, melted, or washed MESSRS. EDITORS-Can any experienced apiarist explain out. The underlaying “joint clay," which is very tough the reason why bees do not store honey from buckwheat? and hard to penetrate when first brought to light, under Formerly they stored large quantities from it, though of the influence of air and frost, its moisture seems to melt a dark color and inferior quality. But for two or three and pass away like sugar-it crumbles very easily, and in years past they have not made a pound of honey from it a year or two makes the finest of soil particularly for wheat in this neighborhood. There is no smell of buckwheat -such declivities as are cultivated to their very summit around the hives--whereas there is always a very strong in the vicinity of Cincinnati, can never be cultivated here. smell when bees are storing honey from buckwheat blos
In the easy friability of these clayey subsoils lies the I soms. When in blossom the buckwheat fields are covered
G. W. L.
with bees during the early part of the day. Then why and fill the cask to the bung with water; roll it over until the do they make no honey from it? It is a mystery to me, ngar is all dissolved. This will be told by its ceasing to settles and I venture no theory or hypothesis, but submit it to in the barrel. Next day roll it again, and place it in a cellar apiarists or botanists.
where the temperature will be sure to be even, leaving the bung loose for the free admission of air. In the course of one
or two or three days, fermentation will commence. In placing (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.)
the ear to the bung hole, a slight noise will be heard, such as LETTER FROM NORTH-CAROLINA. may be observed when carbonic acid is escaping from cham
pagne or soda water. Fermentation will continue for a few The southeastern portion of Perquimans county is well | weeks, converting the sugar into alcohol. As soon as this adapted to wheat; very considerable quantities are annually ceases, drive the bung in lightly, and leave the cask for six shipped, via Dismal Swamp Canal, to New-York and Balti- montbs, at the end of which time the wine may be drawn off more. The reaping is mostly done by cradling. The sur- perfectly clear, without any excess of sweetness.- Mass. face is so level as to require it to be plowed in narrow Ploughman. lands, and then a great many water furrows running crosswise are necessary to conduct the surface water to the
RAISING RED CEDAR FROM SEED. main drains. Reapers therefore do not act well, owing to the inequalities of the surface. The soil is composed large
A correspondent lately made an inquiry as to the best ly of clay, although the Geographies all tell us that North mode of raising the Red Cedar from the berries. We find Carolina is a barren pine waste for 60 miles adjacent to the the following mode described in the Report of the Wisconocean. There is undoubtedly much poor, sandy land in this sin Fruit Growers' Association, by Samuel Edwards, an exsection of the state; but, with all due respect for the Geogra- pericnced nurseryman. Bruise the berries early in March, phy men, I think that my native county (Perquimans) bas and mix with an equal or greater bulk of wet wood ashes. some land whose fertility I have never seen surpassed by that in three weeks the alcali will have cut the resinous gum, of any other, except possibly some parts or the Mississippi when the seeds may be washed clean from the pulp. "Sow Valley. In short, I can say, with confidence, that the por- in rows a foot apart, (to admit clean cultivation,) in a tion of our State which lies north of Albemarle Sound and rich soil, well dressed with a mixtnre of leaf mold and east of Roanoke river contains a large share of good land. sharp sand. Shade the bed during summer, and cover Its greatest defect is its flatness, requiring expensive ditch with two inches of leaves for winter. ing operations. The log cholera (so called) has destroyed a great many
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) animals here within a few years past, ard has rendered
CORN COBS. pork raising unprofitable for the present.
Great quantities of strawberries and raspberries are an- We should judge that some farmers conclude that it nnally sent to Norfolk, Va., from this and adjoining coun- would be as profitable to discuss the propriety of feeding tics, and no doubt some of them find their way to New-saw-dust to stock as to grind up corn cobs for that purYork city.
pose. Because they are of not much value themselves, The Scuppernong grape grows finely on our sandy soils. it does not prove that they may not be ground with other It is a native, and of excellent qualities. It requires very grain to some advantage. I am acqnainted with a farmer little care, beyond being provided with a scaffolding to who was in the habit of feeding from twenty to thirty large keep it from the ground. One vine will cover a very large oxen every winter, and he always bought his corn in the surface. My scaffolding, which is completely covered by ear and had it ground in that shape-for the reason that a single vine, is 25 feet by 30 feet, and I am very sure bis oxen never failed of doing well when fed with cob that many can be found, each of which shall cover twice meal—while on the other hand, when fed with clear meal as much surface as mine does. Good wine has been made they were very likely to become cloyed. For the last five from it, but in this point I am not interested, except by years farmers in this vicinity griud nearly all of their corn way of regret, for I never use nor encourage others to use in the car for all kinds of stock except fat hogs, showing any intoxicating drinks as a beverage. There are certain a change in that respect, for twenty years ago, little if any conditions of disease in which alcoholic liquors are service was ground in that shape. able. They should only be used internally as medicines; That there is a little virtue in them may be proved from and the same skill is necessary to direct their prescription the following fact: A poor man who had one cow was unas is required by other articles of the materia medica. able to supply her with hay on account of scarcity, man
Sweet potatoes are an important crop with us, both for aged to keep her alive by grinding cobs for her, which he table use and for fattening our pork. The cornfield pea obtained from bis neighbor, who raised a large crop of (of wbich there are many varieties) is extensively sown corn, and after shelling it threw the cobs out by the side among corn, at the last working. The hogs are required of the road. We don't know how much the miller made to dig the potatoes and to gather the peas for themselves. by tolling the cobs. J. B. B. New Braintree, Mass. After frost, however, it is not safe to leave the potatoes in the field, as they are easily damaged by cold weather.
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) Perquinas Co., N. c. WM. NICHOLSON.
Cocoa Nnt Drops--No. I.
with the beaten wbites of ten eggs and 16 teaspoonfuls of HOW TO MAKE CURRANT WINE.
powdered sugar--make them up in little round balls, and This articlo, as usually manufactured, is rather a cordial bake them quickly, and you will have the best kind of drops
MARY. than a wine, and is entirely inferior to the common wine ; but
that you ever tasted. when properly made, it will be a very superior, healthful beverage, particularly for summer drink, when fully diluted
French Loaf Cake. with water.
pound of flour. We have experimented carefully on the making of currant wine, and the following will be found to give a result which we have found no difficulty in selling in large quantities at $1 per gallon.
1 teaspoonful of soda, Before pressing the juice from the currants pass them be
1 pound of raisins. tween a pair of rollers to crush them, after which they may be placed in a strong bag, and they will part with the juico
Spice to suit the taste.
MART. readily by light pressure, such as a common screw, weights, &c. To each quart of juice add three pounds of troblo refined Bathe the parts affected with water in which potatoes have Joaf sugar-single refined is not sufficiently pure--then add been boiled, as hot ns can be borne just before going to bed; as much water as will make one gallon. Or in other words, by the next morning the pain will be much relieved, if not suppose the cask intended to be used be 30 gallong. In this removed. One applicntion of this simple remedy bas cured put 30 quarts of currant juice, 90 lbs. of doublo refined sugar. ! the most obstinate rheumatic pains.— Family Herald.
do. of brown sugar.
Ynquiries and Answers.
GRASS.—Please give me the botanical name of the enclosed specimen of grass, and where I can procure the seed, and at
what price per pound. I find it growing in small patches on Raising THE LOCUST FROM SEED.-I have a prairie farm my lawn, and sown in rich soil it will not grow to exceed four and am anxious to raise a locust grove. Many in this vicinity inches in height. It makes a beautiful compact turf, the very have tried to raise locust trees, but owing to mistreatment in thing for lawns, as it would need but very little cutting. J. the raising or misjudgment in the selection of seed, none R. GARDNER. 'Montgomery Co., Va. The specimen forhave succeeded very well. I have on hand about a pound warded is somewhat injured, but appears to be a balf grown of reed which was sent me from northern New York, and as plant of Poa annua, a small annual grass, common in door we are about a degree further south than where the seed yards, of very light green color. As it is reproduced annualwere raised, I do not fear winter killing if properly attended ly from seed, it is doubtful if it would form a strong permato. Can you or some of the many readers of THE CULTIVA- nent turf. The Pon annua often grows 6 or 7 inches long, TOR, advise me as to the manner of sowing, time, culture, which is more than our correspondent states ; if the sort sent &c., &c? My object is to ornament a building-place, but
us is never over 4 inches, and has not the peculiar yellowish as limber is rather scarce in this part of the State, if locust green color of the annual Poa, we should be glad to receive was once fairly introduced, a few years would supply many further and more matured specimens, dried proviously beneighborhoods where now there is a deficiency. R. P. MOORE. tween the leaves of a book under pressure, (20 lbs. or more.) Otranto, Iowa, June 16, 1860. (To induce locust seed to The subject of selecting the best species of grass for lawns grow, pour boiling water on them, in quantities of a quart or should not be lost sight of ; we shall not probably find one that 80 in a small vessel, so that the water will not remain hot will answer well that does not need mowing; but if one could long, and let them stand several hours. A number of them be obtained with fine, hair-like, dense foliage, so as to form a will be found swollen to double size. Select and plant these, softer and more velvet like surface than red top and white and they will grow-the unswollen will not. Repeat the pro- clover, it would be an acquisition. Among the several native cess on the remainder, successively, until all are prepared, species, possibly there may be one.) planting tho swollen seed at each repetition of the work.
PUMPS.-It seems to me the subscribers to the Co. GENT.apThey should be planted in drills where they may be cultivated and kept clean, and they will grow much faster than if peal to you for all sorts of information from the building of
i Hornet's nests” to the Atlantic cable. Allow me, therefore, neglected and allowed to become enveloped with weeds and
to ask if there is anything new in the pump line for lifting grass. If the seed are good, this will insure success.)
water from wells ? For four or five years I have been using Tax “ Iron Ween."—We are much annoyed in this region the rotary pump, made up of links six inches long, with Inwith the Iron weed; it is exceedingly unsightly, and spreads dian rubber balls every five or six feet apart. This pump all over our best pasture lands. Can you, or any of your worked very ensy, a child 4 years old could turn it, but it has ronders, give me directions for its extermination without con
worn out and I cannot replace it in Richmond. It was very tinued cultivation, which is not entirely practicable in all of liable to get out of order. My wells are 24 feet deep. D. 8. D. our pasture ground, owing to some of it being in timber. It Henrico Co., Va. [We are not aware of anything decidedly is said that certain seasons of the year are favorable for its
new and valuable in the construetion and manufacture of extirpation. Can you give us any such information as would pumps - but would invite our correspondents to give us their serve us? P. D. Bullilt Co., Ky. [We hope souno of our best and latest information derived from experiments. We readers will be able to reply.
have known some modifications of the forcing pump to work BINDING THE Co. Gent.-I have several vole. of your paper adınirably in rather deep wells.) un lound-do you get up covers to bind the paper, and thus have uniformity in all the volumes ? [No. Could you fur: valuable paper the Co. Gent., you would give me a remedy
FOUNDERED STOCK.-I shall feel obliged if through your nish all of the volumes of the GENTLEMAN, and if so, what for any kind of stock which may get into a cornfield and eat would be the price? P. D. Kentucky. (Not at present. The price for bound volumes is $1.75 cach--we have several too much ; it is a common occurrence here-I lost a yearling
steer last fall, and would like to be prepared with a sure remorders registered for complete sets, and supply whenever we
Iowa City. (Will have the opportunity to purchase 'missing Numbors, so as to edy as the danger approaches. w. A. complete voluines that are defective.)
some of our correspondents reply to the above.) Roor CROPS.— In your issue of July 5 I notice an interest
Willard's Root SLICER.- Please inform me through the
roing and timely article on the cultivation of roots. Having Country GENT., where the Willard Root Slicor can be soine two acres planted with roots, and having had but little cured, and at what price. If such things were advertised in experience in this departınent of agriculture, the author would our agricultural papers I think a great many would find their
H. A. T. Marshal, Mich. (It can be proconfer a favor by giving his experience in harvesting, curing, way to the west. cleaning, and the best method of keeping them through tho cured we believe, of Geo. Campbell, West-Westminster, vt.) winter, iny intention being to feed them to the cattle.
PUMPKINS.- Will any of the contributors of the COUNTRY Neu-York.
GENTLEMAN furnish me with the information, how to keep WHITEWASHING TREES.—Is whitewash beneficial to fruit pumpkins from decaying during the winter ? I am very trees? C. B. GRIFFJS. (If made from good fresh lime, and anxious to know, as I expect to raise a considerable quantity put on quite thin, so as to penetrate crevices in the bark, and this year. I should also like to know the best method of not to form a scaly cont, whitewashing is beneficial to the bark preserving sweet potatoes. B. B. P. Warsaw, Va. of trees, and tends to destroy the eggs of insects; but the un
SEEDING TO GRANS AND CLOVER.-How would it do to seed natural whiteness spoils their appearance. We prefer a mod- down with timothy in the fall and clover the next springerate solution of potash, soap suds, or ashes and water.
rolling or harrowing in the clover. New York. (This is a Books ON ORCHARDING. - Please inform me where to pro- course often practiced, and succeeds well with rolling when cure the best work on the culture of fruit trees, the apple and the soil is dry enough to allow it. A common barrow would peach especially-combining, if possible, the general borticul- be too coarse and rough.] Tural information required by an amateur. Thos. J. Mat. TINGLY. Plattsburgh, Mo. [The standard fruit books pub- tell me anything of a new disease upon the peach tree? The
DISEABE OF THE PEACH.-Can you or any of your readers lished by C. M. Saxton, Barker & Co., and sold at this office. bark upon the roots commences dying, and extends up and or sent by us by mail, will give the desired informationThomax American Fruit Culturist or Barry's Fruit Garden around the trunk of the tree until it kills it. I find this upon at $1.25 eaclı, or Downing's Fruit and Fruit Trees for $1.50.)
trees that have no worms in them. J. R. GARDNER. DESTROYING WILLOWS.-One of your subscribers has a
Montgomery Co., Va. piece of marrhy land covered with yellow willow bushes. Will
ELDERBERRY Wine.-Will not some of your subscribers nowing them in August kill the roots ? 8. B. D. Milwaukee, send me through the columns of the Co. Gent., a recipe Wis (A single cutting will not destroy them, but if the sprouts for making “Elderberry Wine." It will much oblige A. B. & or suckers are kept rubbed off for some tiine, the roots will HEAVES IN Cows.-We have a cow that acts and breathes die for want of food through the leaves. We are unable to very much like a horse with beaves. Can you or your core say precisely what amount of labor of this kind will be re- respondents suggest anything in the case, and oblige A. quired)
Moss. Belvidere, Ill. ROUBARB WINE.- What is the best recipe for Rhubarb Books on HUSBANDRY, &c.- Please inform me what is the Wine? I have seen several, but none that appeared to be most reliable work that I could purchase, comprising a treatise 0. K.- You would, by publishing one, no doubi oblige many on the general management of farm, and stock of all descripof your readers, including AN OLD SUBSCRIBER. Pitts- tions, and the price. Also a separate treatise on the Diseases burgh, Pa. (Can some of our readers answer the above ?] and management of sheep and cattle. J. E. J. (Allen's Farm
A. J. M.
Buok is a good treatise of its size, price $1, and Allen's Door rather small size, as these succeed best. Plant them in a mes:ic Animals contains much in relation to their disenses good rich soil, good enough for corn or cabbages, about four and management, price 75 cents. Dadd's two treatises on the by six feet. Cultivate thein well,- if the plantation is extenHerso and on Cattle are more recent and more complete sive, by horse power, - and in summer, as soon as the shoots works, price each $100. Tho two published volumes of are three or four feet hig!ı, pinch off the top to inauce a "Rural Affairs," contain more on the subject of general thicker growth and to send out side-eboots. These will bear form management, and the various details, than any other another year.) work of the size, price $1 per vol.]
BINDER ATTACHED TO REAPING MACHINES.—There was SCRATCHING IN Horses--I have a horse that is continu- something said in a former no. of the Co. Gent., about a ally rubbing, scratching, and biting himself whenever he is i binder to be attached to reaping machines. I want to hea: in the stable or pasture. If you or some of your subscribers something more about them. Let those that brve used thein would prescribe a remedy, you will confer a favor. A REA- speak for or against then as their nierits deserve. Such * DBR OF THE CULTIVATOR. [It is important to ascerta'in the machine will be a valuable one here, as hands are scarce. cause before selecting a reinedy. If it comes from lice, as is Let those who bave used these binders, state what kind of not unfrequently the case, which usually proceed from poul- reapers they were attached to, and their cost ready for work. try, remove the poultry, wash well tho stable with hot water, Richland Co., Ohio, July 16.
Levi Hawk. and then whitewash it. To kill the lice and cure the skin,
WHEN DOES THE Milk SOUR ?-In the COUNTRY GENTLEDr. Dadd recommends a mixture of equal parts of linseed oil
Nay of July 12th, you give the opinion of n dairy woman in and spirits of turpentine, with twice as much more as both, western Now-York, as to when milk should be skimmed. She of pyroligneous acid, to be applied three times a day, after wards washing with sonp and water. Or, the vormin inay be says, just as the milk
begins to sour in the bottom of the
pans. Can you inform me how we are to know when the killed by sponging with an infusion of lobelia. Sometimes wilk is sour in the bottom of the pans? If you or your corthe skin is affected by a bad state of the stomach ; a change respondents can answer this, I will be obliged. of diet is the remedy, to which treatment may be added giv
+ 'Joan SNELL. Canada West. ing a little sulphur with the food. If the mange or itch is the difficulty, sponge with limo water, give sulphur, and
PRICES OF LANDS IN NEW-YORK.-Our Virginia corrossponge again with the first mentioned liquor above, with a
pondent, who inquires about the price of farms in eastern and little sulphur added.}
central New-York, is informed that the prices will vary from
$30 to $100 per acre, according to quality of soil, location, QUERY FOR WEAT GROWERS.— I have a side hill of about improvements, &c. Good farms, with tolerable buildings, and seven acres, sloping towards the west. The soil is a heavy in good locations, could probably be bougbt for $75 por acre. sind loam on the upper part of the hill; further down is a clayish loam ; still further duwn, towards the bottom, is a stiff
QUERY ABOUT WHEAT.- Is there a variety of white wheat clay, but fall plowing renders it quite mellow. It has been that ripens as early as the Mediterranean, and is no inore inpnstured with cattle or sheep for ten years past. I think the jured by the Hessian fy than the red chiffo i Mediterranean ? land sufficiently strong to bear a good crop. I plowed it last A variety that produces as well as the white blue stem has, full-this spring pulverized with cultivator harrow and sowed before the midye made their appearance. If there is, whore Shall barvest a good crop. I would like to sow it to
can I get it, and at what price? H. K. Wrightsville, Pa. wheat this fall. What I desire to know is, your opinion, or
CUTTON SEBD OIL - I should be glad to get more informathe opinion of some of your wheat growing correspondents, as tion on the making of Cotton Seed Oil than I have seen in to the expediency of sowing whent on such soils, in this lo- the COUNTRY GENTLEMAN, or the Patent Office Report of oality, (35 miles north of your city, in the valley of the Hud- 1855. W. C. 1. Maryland. The inquiry upon this subject son) also what is the best variety sown in this part of the is constantly extending; we trust a reply may be elicited) State, and the best time to sow in order to have it the least
Bright ON GRAPE CULTURE.--You will pleaso to inform exposed to the ravages of the fly? This was formerly a fine ine where I could obtain “Bright's System of Grape Culwheat growing county, but recently there has been little or ture." J. Pollock. (In answer to the above and similar none grown on account of the destructive effoct of the weevil. inquiries from others, enclose 50 cents in P. O. stamps to Wm. Saratoga Co.
Sazi'l SAELDON. Bright, 627 Market-st., Philadelphia, Pa.) SUPERPHOSPHATE OF LINE.- Can you, or some one of your correspondents, tell your readers how superphosphate of lime
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) may be manufactured. Many of us have been humbugged quite enough with the articles that are sold for superphos
GOOD RHUBARB WINE, phate. For my part, I have no doubt of the value of the genuine as a fertilizer, and if we could by some econonjica! made up from many others, and I think it produces an excel
In answer to "An Old Subscriber" I submit below & recipe process manufacture the article ourselves, wo should know at least what we invested our money in, and if it proved valua- lent wine, closely resembling in taste and color the best sherry ble as a manure, receive soine benefit from it. I was shown after two or three years age. some corn the other day, where the material from different RACIPB.- Take, for instance, a 40 gallon cask. Fill it manufacturers was tested side by side ; the difference was nearly full of rhubarb juice and water in equal proportions. apparent at forty rods distant. With one, there was no per- Then dissolve 120 lbs. best white sugar, and add to this one ceptible difference between the row and the next which had tablespoonful of sulphuric acid to over five gnllons wine. This no manure applied; while on the other side, a row to which converts the sugar into grape sugar. Then fill the cask full was applied the product of another manufacturer, the corn and set it in an equable temperature to ferment with the bung was such as we all like to see, and nearly twice tho beighth lightly laid on the bole. Let it stand until fermentation enof the former. The conditions otherwise, were as nearly alike tirely ceases; then add the beaten whites of eight eggs and as possible. E. E. W. Concord, N. H.
shake the cask well and keep it open for a week. Then rack Pka Nuts.- Will the Co. GENT. please inform me how Pea- stand for a year or two, when it will be better and more wholo
it off into a clona cask and bung it up or bottle it and let it nuts are cultivated, also if they grow under ground same as a Potato, if so why they are covered with so hard a shel!? will add, that all other domestic wines may be made after
soine than nine-tenths of the foreign wines in the market. I Hoping you will give this your oarliest attention I remain this recipe, only adding or decreasing the quantity of sugar R. T. BROOKS. (As the pea-nut cannot be cultivated in the and water as the fruit juice is more or less acid than the rhunorthern States, we have no practical knowledge of its man. barb juice. Charles STEWART. Pennsylvania. agement. The plant is the Arachis hypogea, belonging to the same natural order as the pea, bean, &c. The specific
Recipe from Another Correspondent. pame (" below ground”) is an allusion to the unusual circum
MBSSRS. Editors-- A few years ago, while visiting in the stances of the pods, as they increase in size, forcing themselves Connecticut valley, I drank some rhubarb wine, clear, sparkinto the earth. The seed are planted about a foot apart, in ling and delicious. My host said, as he smacked his lips over sandy or alluvial ground, and the plants are earthed up as it, that it equalled the best champagne, and he was a person the pods form. For further information, we desire tho ex- well acquainted with wines, both foreign and domestic. perience of some of our southern readers who have had prac- I afterwards got the recipe, and send it now, hoping it may tical experience with this crop.)
meet the want of your “Old Subscriber." CULTURE OF THE BLACKBERRY.- If conveniont, I should Tako l gallon of rhubarb well bruised, add 1} gallons of like to see an account of the cultivation of blackberries in the cold water. Let it stand 3 days, stirring it every day. Then
F. A. R. Annapolis, Md. (Procure plants which strain it, and to each gallon of the liquid put 4 pounds of loaf have been propagated from cuitings of the roots, (suckers are sugar. Keep it one or two months, or until it seems to havo apt to be one-sided and destitute of small fibres,) of modernte done working, then bottle it. 1. Keene, N. H.
comparison with other parts of the State beretofore more
noted for their agriculture. THE CULTIVATOR. Our foreign exchanges are already full of the Ag.
ricultural Shows of the present season. Many of them we
should like to notice if our space permitted. The Essex ALBANY, N. Y., AUGUST, 1860.
Society has just had its exhibition at Saffron Walden, and
the account of it tecms with familiar names. The Oxford 15" The truth that improvement is gaining ground, and Banbury Society has just beld its show at the latter however slowly, among the Farmers of this country, is one place, and “Royal Turk” comes from it with a challenge of which additional evidences are afforded to the careful cup as the best horned animal in the yard. In Scotland observer in almost any direction in which he may direct Glasgow has been the scene of one exhibition and Stirling his scrutiny. In the course of our last volume we refer- of another, accounts of which are among our last advices. red at considerable length to one or two instances in this The present month is to be a still more active one than June County, in whichi, particularly, gratifying proof was given the Royal Ag. Society closes its General Meeting at Can. that changes for the better are getting a foothold, by the terbury this week; the Irish Society meets at Cork, July extension of drainage, the feeding of mutton and beef, 25–27, and several of the most important provincial shows better tillage, more manuring, and the extended cultiva occupy busily the interim. tion of roots—changes here, as elsewhere in our older Across the channel, we already have accounts of the states, by no means yet entitled to rank as a revolution, National Show at Paris' as “a great success.” For the and sometimes, indeed, proceeding almost imperceptibly, second time “the Palace of Industry, built in that unique but still such as to warrant us in deriving from them en- promenade, the Champs Elysées, for the Great Universal couragement for the Present, and a considerable contrast Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations in the year 1855, with the Past of ten or fifteen years ago.
has been turned into a temple dedicated to the products of Last week we had the opportunity of driving out several agriculture." The Mark Lane Express bas a special corres. miles into the towns of Bethlehem and New-Scotland. pondent there, and Edinboro' is represented by the Editor Col. WM. H. SLINGERLAND, whose home farm is between of the North British Agriculturist. * “Never,” says the latfive and six miles from the city, has there occupied about ter, “in any previous exhibition connected with agricula hundred and fifty acres for ten or twelve years. When ture has there been such an extensive display of stock, he went on to the farm, not an acre would cut a ton of hay implements, and products of the soil. The French Gor: —now he will mow 60 or 65 acres, and has no doubt it ernment is bestowing more attention on agricultural imwill average two tong throughout; last year a patch of six provement, than any other Government in Europe.” But acres in oats yielded 106 bushels per acre, and his oat field our contemporary argues “that the Government would at. this year promises 100 throughout, notwithstanding the tain their purpose much more economically, and at the season is considerably less favorable. He has laid three or same time more effectually, were such exhibitions more four miles of tile drain, and is constantly putting in tile as directly connected with the practical agriculturists of a field needing drainage comes to be broken up. He has France." This may be true, but we saw last year how it an excellent barn for convenience, and saves carefully the is a part of the French system to retain all these things in manure there accumulated using also largely of plaster the hands of Government directly; it is the Emperor by and ashes, which—especially, perhaps, the latter-prove deputy who conducts the local as well as National Shows, admirably effective upon his soil, a tolerably heavy loam, and it is very possible that private enterprise in France while lime has never seemed to do it much good. could never accomplish, even if it could be brought to
Impressed with the importance to the farmer of a bet- undertake, what is now done by the public funds in the ter class of stock, Mr. S. has been breeding Short-Horns hands of the Ministry of Agriculture. for several years, alone, and in company with Messrs. Bul- - In France-now that we are fairly there--the season LOCK & Hurst, to which partnership belongs the fre- has this year been a backward and peculiar one. We have quently noticed bull “Neptune.' The cattle were looking already referred to the cold and stormy character of the well, although receiving no extra care. Without having spring, and the severity of the preceding winter. The at present the space to particularize, it is at least proper prospects of the French husbandman are quoted as anything to add that Mr. S. and his associates will be doing a good but bright, as late as the 20th of June; there had been conwork indeed, if they induce more of the farmers of the sequent excitement in the grain markets, and rising prices county to take that most important of all steps in the im- are anticipated—indeed an advance the previous week had provement of their stock-never breeding except to a unsettled business holders unwilling to sell, millers and bull of good character and descent. The means of taking merchants anxious to increase their stocks. France, it is this stcp are now easily within the reach of nearly all. stated, apparently on good authority, “will doubtless re
Driving on a mile or two we called hurriedly upon Capt. quire large imports of grain to supplement a deficient crop, Hiltos, who has been co-operating toward this end, by and thus tend to raise prices over the whole of Europe and the introduction of Devons; a stroll into the pastures car. America.” ried is among them, and we were much pleased with their condition and appearance. Capt. H. has been setting out No other European nation is apparently more eager a good deal of fruit since his place was noticed two or at present to acquaint itself with the improvements of three years ago in our columns.
others, than Russia. This is true in Agriculture as well Thiese notes must, liowever, be concluded. The interest as with regard to other arts. The Russian government is with which the farmers of the neighborhood watelied a now establishing at St. Petersburgh an Imperial Agriculdozen years ago the first operation of a Mowing machine tural Museum for the collection and exhibition of Impleon Col. Slingerland's farm-an improvement which, since ments and Machines of husbandry, and has taken measures that time, has been worth to them by its general adoption to secure an assortment of the best American manufacture probably thousands upon thousands of dollars—has been for this purpose. The commission having the subject in in some measure paralleled by their curiosity in the matter charge, accompanied by the Russian Consul-General at of drainage and other improvements, but these latter, not New-York, recently visited Albany, and after a careful ex. appealing so immediately as it seems to the pocket, would amination of some of our manufacturing establishments, naturally win their way more gradually. We may repeat as well as of the collection deposited in the Museum of in closing, a remark we have lieretofore made more than our State Agricultural Society, made an arrangement with once-that the Farmers of this region possess some most Messrs. Every BROTHERS not only for samples of the important advantages in the excellence of their home machinery of their own construction, but also for the market and other respects, and that we hope to see the selection of an additional assortment—the shipment of the County itself in time ranking correspondingly well, in whole of which, we learn, has just been completed, and