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heart, sincerely , freely 6, clearly 5, and fully', speaking the truth, and only the truth, in matters of judgment and justice k, and in all other things whatsoever?; a charitable esteem of our neighbours m; loving, desiring, and rejoicing in their good name); sorrowing foro, and covering of their 9. Open thy mouth, judge righteous- servant Joab done this thing : and my ly, and plead the cause of the poor lord is wise,and needy.

k Lev. xix. 15. Ye shall do no une Psal. xv. 2. He that walketh up- righteousness in judgment: thou shalt rightly, and worketh righteousness, not respect the person of the poor, and speaketh the truth in his heart. nor honour the person of the mighty;

f 2 Chron. xix. 9 And he charged but in righteousness shalt thou judge them, saying, Thus shall ye do in the thy neighbour. Prov. xiv. 5. A faith. fear of the Lord, faithfully, and with ful witness will not lie ; but a false a perfect heart.

witness will utter lies. Ver. 25. A § 1 Sam. xix. 4. And Jonathan true witness delivereth souls ; but a spake good of David unto Saul his deceitful witness speaketh lies. father, and said unto him, Let not the 1 2 Cor. i. 17. When I therefore king sin against his servant, against was thus minded, did I use lightness? David; because he hath not sinned or the things that I purpose, do I pur. against thee, and because his works pose according to the flesh, that with have been to thee-ward very good. me there should be yea, yea, and nay, Ver. 5. For he did put his life in his nay? Ver. 18. But as God is true, hand, and slew the Philistine, and the our word toward you was not yea Lord wrought a great salvation for all and nay. Eph. iv. 25. Wherefore, Israel: thou sawest it, and didst re- putting away lying, speak every man joice: wherefore then wilt thou sin truth with his neighbour: for we are against innocent blood, to slay David members one of another. without a cause?

m Heb. vi. 9. But, beloved, we are h Josh. vii. 19. And Joshua said persuaded better things of you, and unto Achan, My son, give, I pray things that accompany salvation, thee, glory to the Lord God of Israel, though we thus speak. 1 Cor. xiii. 7. and make confession unto him ; and (Cbarity) beareth all things, believeth iell me now what thou hast done, all things, hopeth all things, endureth hide it not from me.

all things. i 2 Sana. xiv. 18. Then the king n Rom. i. 8. First, I thank my God answered and said unto the woman, through Jesus Christ for you all, that Hide not from me, I pray thee, the your faith is spoken of throughout the thing that I shall ask thee. And the whole world." 2 John, Ver. 4. I rewoman said, Let my lord the king joiced greatly that I found of thy chilnow speak. Ver. 19. And the king dren walking in truth, as we have resaid, is not the hand of Joab with ceived a commandment from the Fathee in all this? And the woman an ther. 3 John, Ver. 3. For I rejoiced swered and said, As thy soul liveth, greatly, when the brethren came and my lord the king, none can turn to the festified of the truth that is in thee, right hand or to the left, from ought even as thou walkest in the truth. that my lord the king hath spoken: - Ver. 4. I have no greater joy than to for thy servant Joab, he bade me, and hear that my children walk in truth. he put all these words in the mouth o 2 Cor. ii. 4. For out of much of thine handmaid. Ver. 20. To fetch affliction and anguish of heart I wrote about this form of speech hath thy unto you with many tears ; not that

infirmities P; freely acknowledging of their gifts and gracesa, defending their innocency"; a ready receiving of a good report', and unwillingness to admit of an evil report', concerning them ; discouraging tale-bearers 4, flatterers W, and slanderers * ; love and care of our own good name, and defending it when need requireth*; keeping of lawful promises ? ; studying and practising of whatsoever things are true, honest, lovely, and of good report a.

Q, 145. What are the sins forbidden in the ninth commandment?

A. The sins forbidden in the ninth commandment are, all prejudicing the truth, and the good name of our neighbours, ye should be grieved, but that ye and is honourable in thine house? might know the love which I have s 1 Cor. xiii. 6. (Charity) rejoiceth more abundantly unto you. 2 Cor. not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the xii. 21. And lest, when I come again, truth: Ver. 7. Bearerh all things, my God will humble me among you, believeth all things, hopeth all things, and that I shall bewail many which endureth all things. have sinned already, and have not re + Psal. xv. 3. He that backbiteth pented of the uncleanness, and forni- not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to cation, and lasciviousness, which they his neighbour, nor taketh up a rehave committed.

proach against his neighbour. p Prov. xvii. 9. He that covereh a 4 Prov. xxv. 23. The north wind transgression seeketh love; but he that driveth away rain : so doth an angry repeateth a matter separateth very countenance a backbiting tongue. friends 1 Pet iv. 8. And above all w Prov. xxyi. 24. He that hateth things have fervent charity among dissembleth with his lips, and layeth yourselves : for charity shall cover the up deceit within him. Ver. 25. When multitude of sins.

he speaketh fair, believe him not : for q 1 Cor. i. 4. I thank my God al. there are seven abominations in his ways in your behalf, for the grace of heart. God which is given you by Jesus x Psal. ci. 5. Whoso privily slanChrist; Ver. 5. That in every thing dereth his neighbour, him will I cut ye are enriched by him, in all utter- off :ance, and in all knowledge. Ver. 7. y Prov. xxii. 1. A good name is So that ye come behind in no gift; rather to be chosen than great riches, waiting for the coming of our Lord and loving favour rather than silver Jesus Christ 2 Tim. i. 4. Greatly and gold. John viii. 4.9. Jesus answerdesiring to see thee, being mindful of ed, I have not a devil; but I honour thy tears, that I may be filled with my Father, and ye do dishonour me. joy: Ver 5. When I call to remem 2 Psal. xv 4.--He that sweareth brance the unfeigned faith that is in to his own hurt, and changeth not. thee, which dwelt first in thy grand a Phil. iv. 8. Finally, brethren, mother Lois, and thy mother Eunice; whatsoever things are true, whatsóand I am persuaded that in thee also. ever things are honest, whatsoever

r 1 Sam xxii. 14. Then Ahime. things are just, whatsoever things are lech answered the king, and said, And pure, whatsoever things are lovely, who is so faithful among all thy ser whatsoever things are of good report ; vants as David, which is the king's if there be any virtue, and if there be son-in-law, and goeth at thy bidding, any praise, think on these things.

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as well as our own”, especially in publick judicature"; giving false evidenced, suborning false witnesses €, wittingly appearing and pleading for an evil cause, out-facing and overbearing the truthf; passing unjust sentence 6, calling evil

145. b 1 Sam. xvii. 28. And Eliah vi. 16. These six things doth the Lord his eldest brother heard when he spake hate, yea, seven are an abomination unto the men; and Eliab's anger was unto him: Ver. 19. A false witness kindledagainst David, andhe said, Why that speaketh lies, and him that sowcamest thou down hither? and with eth discord among brethren. whom hast thou left those few sheep e Acts vi. 13. And set up false wit. in the wilderness? I know thy pride, nesses, which said, This man ceaseth and the naughtiness of thine heart; not to speak blasphemous words a. for thon art, come down that thou gainst this holy place and the law. mightest see the battle. 2 Sam. xvi. 3. f Jer. ix. 3. And they bend their And the king said, And where is thy tongues like their bow for lies : but master's son? And Ziba said unto the they are not valiant for the truth upon king, Behold, he abideth at Jesusalem: the earth; for they proceed from evil for he said, 'To-day shall the house of to evil, and they know not me, saith Israel restore me the kingdom of my the Lord. Ver. 5. And they will defather. 2 Sam. i. 9. He said unto me ceive every one his neighbour, and again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, will not speak the truth : they have and slay me : for anguish is come up. taught their tongue to speak lies, and on me, because my life is yet whole in weary themselves to commit iniquity. me. Ver. 10. So I stood upon him, Acts xxiv 2. And when he was calland slew him, because I was sure that ed forth, Tertullus began to accuse he could not live after that he was fall- him,-Ver. 5. For we have found this en : and I took the crown that was man a pestilent fellow, and a morer upon his head, and the bracelet that of sedition among all the Jews was on his arm, and have brought throughout the world, and a ringleader them hither unto my lord. Ver. 15. of the sect of the Nazarenes. Psal. And David called one of the young xii. 3. The Lord shall cut off all flatmen, and said, Go near, and fall upon tering lips, and the tongue that speakhim. And he smote him that he died. eth proud things. Ver. 4. Who have Ver. 16. And David said unto him, said, With our tongue will we preThy blood be upon thy head; for thy vail, our lips are our own : Who is mouth hath testifieth against thee, lord over us? Psal. lii. 1. Why boast. saying, I have slain the Lord's est thou thyself in mischief, O mighanointed.

ty man? the goodness of God endur. c Lev. xix. 15. Ye shall do no un eth continually. Ver. 2. Thy tongue righteousness in judgment: thou shalt deviseth mischiefs; like a sharp ranot respect the person of the poor, zor, working deceitfully. Ver. 3. Thou nor honour the person of the mighty: lovest evil more than good ; and lying but in righteousness shalt thou judge rather than to speak righteousness. thy neighbour. Hab. i. 4. Therefore Selah. Ver. 4. Thou lovest all-devourthe law is slacked, and judgment doth ing words, O thou deceitful tongue. never go forth; for the wicked doth Š Prov. xvii. 15. He that justifieth compass about the righteous; there. the wicked, and he that condemneth fore wrong judgment proceedeth. the just, even they both are abomina

d Prov. xix. 5. A false witness tion to the Lord. 1 Kings xxi. from shall not be unpunished, and he that Verse 9. to 14. And she (Jezebel), speaketh lies shall not escape. Prov. wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim

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good, and good evil; rewarding the wicked according to the work of the righteous, and the righteous according to the work of the wicked h; forgery', concealing the truth, undue silence in ajust causek, and holding our peace, when iniquity calleth for either a reproof from ourselves', or complaint to others m; speaking the truth unseasonably ", or maliciously to a wrong end, or perverting it to a wrong meaning P, or a fast, and set Naboth on high among why hath Satan filled thine heart to the people : Ver. 10. And set two lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep men, sons of Belial, before him, 10 back part of the price of the land? bear witness against him, Saying, Thou Ver. 8. And Peter answered unto her, didst blasp. he me Godjand the king; Tell me whether ye sold the land for and then carry him out, and stone him, so much! And she said, Yea, for so that he may die. Ver. 11. And the much. Ver. 9. Then Peter said unto men of his city, even the elders and her, How is it that ye have agreed to. the nobles who were the inhabitants gether to tempt the Spirit of the in his city, did as Jezebel had sent un Lord ?-2 Tim. iv. 16. At my first an. to them. Ver. 13 –And (they) stoned swer no man stood with me, but all him with stones, that he died. men forsook me: I pray God that it

b Isa. v. 23. Which justify the may not be laid to their charge. wicked for a reward, and take away i 1 Kings i. 6. And his father had the righteousness of the righteous not displeased him at any time, in say

ing, Why hast thou done 80 ?-Lev. i Psal. cxix. 69. The proud have xix. 17. Thou shalt not hate thy broforged a lie against me: but I will ther in thine heart : thou shalt in any keep thy precepts with my whole wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not heart. Luke xix. 8. And Zaccheus suffer sin upon him. stood, and said unto the Lord, Behold, m Isa. lis. 4. None calleth for jusLord, the half of my goods I give to tice, nor any pleadeth for truth: they the poor; and if I have taken any trust in vanity.a thing from any man by false accusa n Prov. xxix. 11. A fool uttereth all tion, I restore him four-fold. Luke his mind: but a wise man keepeth it xvi. 5. So he called every one of his in till afterwards. lord's debtors unto him, and said unto o 1 Sam. xxii. 9. Then answered the first, How much owest thou unto Doeg the Edomite, which was set my lord? Ver. 6. And he said, An over the servants of Saul, and said, I hundred measures of oil And he said saw the son of Jesse coming to Noh, unto him, Take thy bill, and sit down to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. Ver. quickly, and write fifty. Ver. 7. Then 10. And he enquired of the Lord for said he to another, and how much him: and gave him victuals, and gave owest thoo!

him the sword of Goliath the Philiske Ley. v. 1. And if a soul sin, and tine. [Compared with Psalm lii] A hear the voice of swearing and is a Psalm of David when Doeg the Edomwitness, whether he hath seen or ite came and told Saul, -Ver. 1. Why known of it, if he do not utter it, then boastest thou thyself in mischief, o he shall bear his iniquity. Deut.xiii. mighty man? &c. to Verse 5. 8. Thou shalt not consent unto him: Psal. Ivi. 5. Every day they wrest nor hearken unto him: neither shall my words: all their thoughts are athine eye pity him, neither shalt thou gainst me for evil. John ii. 19 Jesus spare, neither shalt thou conceal him. answered and said unto them, Destroy Acts y. 3. But Peter said, Ananias, this temple, and in three days I will

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in doubtful and equivocal expressions, to the prejudice of truth or justice ?; speaking untruth, lying, slandering, backbiting", detracting", tale-bearing *, whispering", scoffing?, revilinga, rashb, harsh , and partial censuring ; misconstructing intentions, words, and actions e; flatter

raise it up. Compared with Mat. xxvi. up and down as a tale-bearer among 60.-At the last came two false wit- thy people: neither shalt thou stand nesses, Ver. 61. And said, This fellow against the blood of thy neighbour : said, I am able to destroy the temple I am the Lord. of God, and to build it in three days. y Rom. i. 29. Being filled with all

9 Gen iji. 5. For God doth know, unrighteousness, fornication, wicked. that in the day ye eat thereof, then ness, covetousness, maliciousness; full your eyes shall be opened: and ye shall of envy, murder, debate, deceit, ma. be as gods, knowing good and evil. lignity; whisperers, Ver. 30. BackGen. xxvi. 7. And the men of the place biters, haters of God, --. asked him of his wife; and he said, 2 Gen. xxi. 9. And Sarah saw the She is my sister : for he feared to say, son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she She is my wife. Ver. 9. And Abime. had born unto Abraham, mocking. lech called Isaac, and said, Behold, of compared with Gal. iv. 29. But as then a surety she is thy wife: and how he that was born after the flesh persaidest thou, She is my sister - secured him that was born after the

Isa. lix. 13. In transgressing and Spirit, even so it is now. lying against the Lord, and departing a 1 Cor. vi. 10 Nor thieves, nor away from our God, speaking oppres- covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, sion and revolt, conceiving and utter. nor extortioners, shall inherit the ing from the heart words of falsehood. kingdom of God.

Ś Lev, xix, 11. Ye shall not steal, 6 Matt. vii. 1. Judge not, that ye neither deal falsely, neither lie one to be not judged another. Col. iii. 9 Lie not one to c Acts xxviii. 4. And when the bar. another, seeing that ye have put off barians saw the venomous beast hang the old man with his deeds.

on his hand, they said among themt Psal. 1. 20. Thou sittest and selves, No doubt this man is a mur. speakest against thy brother; thou derer, whom, though he hath escaped slanderest thine own mother's son. the sea, yet vengeance suffereth not

u Psal. xv. 3. He that backbiteth to live. not with his rongue,

d Gen. xxxviii. 24. And it came w James iv. 11 Speak not evil one to pass about three months after, that of another, brethren. He that speak- it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy eth evil of his brother, and judgeth his daughter-in-law hath played the har. brother, speaketh evil of the law, and lot; and also, behold, she is with child judgeth the law : but if thou judge the by whoredom. And Judah said, Bring law, thou art not a doer of the law, but her forth, and let her be burnt. Rom. a judge. Jer. xxxviii. 4. Therefore ii. 1. Therefore thou art inexcusable, the princes said unto the king, We Oman, whosoever thou art, that judge beseech thee, let this man he put to est: for wherein thou judgest another, death: for thus he weakeneth the thou condemnest thyself; for thou that hands of the men of war that remain judgest doest the same things. in this city, and ihe hands of all the é Neh. vi. 6. Wherein was written, people, in speaking such words unto It is reported among the heathen, and them: for ihis man seeketh not the Gashmu saith it, that thou and the welfare of this people, but the hurt. Jews think to rebel: for which cause

* Lev. xix. 16. Thou shalt not go thou buildest the wall, that thou may

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