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AGRICULTURAL AND OTHER EXHIBITIONS THE PRESENT SEASON.
Clymer....Clymer, Sept 5, 6. United States.... Cincinnati, Sept 12, 20.
Colunbia Ag. and Hort..... Hudson, Oct 2, 4. Am. l'onenlogical.... Philadelphia, Sept 11, 14.
Columbus Town....Oct, 2, 4. Amer, lastitate.... Now York, opens Sept 27.
Delaware.... llobart, Sept. 26, 27. Horse Exhi'liou..Springfield, Siass, Sept 4, 7.
Dutchess. Wash, Hollow,
Essex.... Essex Village,
Franklin.... Malone, Sept 11.
Genesee l'alley.... Nunda, Sept. 13, 15. California.... Sacramento, Sept 19, 20,
Genesee...Batavia, Sept 18. 19. Canada, Lower....Quebec, Aug 18, 22.
Gouverneur....Gouverneur, Sept 13, 14. Canada, Upper... Hamilton, Sept
Herkimer... Little Falls,
Horse Show.... Buffalo, Aur 28, 31.
Livingstou....Geneseo, Sept 20, 28.
Lewis.... Turin, Sept 25, 27. Georgia, (Lanters).... Macon, Dec 3, 29.
Madison.... Brookfield, Sept 26, 27. Georgia, Lower....Savannah, Nov. 22.
Monroe.... Rochester, Sept 26, 28. Illinois.... Jacksonville, Sept 10, 15.
Niagara.... lockport, Sept 27, 29. Indiana... Indianapolis, Oct 16, 20.
Oneida.... Utica, Sept 25, 26. lowa....Iowa City, Oct 2, 5.
Oswego.... Mexico, Sept 18, 20. Kentucky.... Bowling Green, Sept 18, 22.
Otsego....Cooperstown, Sept 26, 27. Kentucky Central... Danville, Sept 1.7.
Ontario....Canandaigua, Sept 21, 28. Kentucky, N. Eastern.... Ashland, Sept 18, 20. Onondaga....Syracuse, Sept 26. 28. Maine.... Portland, Sept 25, 28.
Oxford Town....Oct, 2, 4, Maine llorse Show, ... Augusta, Sept 18, 21.
Otselic Town....Sept. 13, 14. Maryland.... Baltimore, Oct 30, Nov. 3.
l'utnam.... Brewsters, Sept 25, 27. Michigan....Detroit, Oct, 2, 3.
Queens....Jamaica, Sept 19. Minnesota.... Fort Snelling, Sept 27, 29.
Rensselaer....Lausingburgh, Sept 19. 29. Mississippi.... Holly Springs, Oct, 16, 20. Ridgeway and Shelby.... Medina Sept 12, 14. Nebraskit....Omaha, Sept 19, 21.
Rush ville Union.... Rushville, Sept 20, 21, New Hampshire. ... Manchester, Oct 3, 6. Sangerfield and Marshall.. Waterville, Oct 3, 4. New Jersey.... Elizabeth, Sept 4, 7.
St. Lawrence International....Ogdeusburgh, New-York.... Elmira, Oct 2, 5.
Sept 26, 29, North Carolina..., Raleigh, Oct 16, 19.
St. Lawrence, ... Canton, Sept 26, 28. Ohio,...Dayton, Sept 27, 28.
Susquehannah Valley....Unadilla, Sep 25, 26. Oregon. Oct 2.
Seneca.... Waterloo, Sept 26, 28.
Saratoga.... Saratoga Springs, Sept 4, 7.
Sherburne Town....Sept. 20, 28.
Tompkins.... Ithaca, Sept 5, 7. Tennessee, Mid, Div.... Frinklin, Sept 24, 28. Tonawanda Valley.... Attica, Sept 26, 27. Verinont...Burlington, Sept 11, 14,
Ulster.... Kingston, Sept 26, 28. Virginia.... Richmond, Oct 22, 28.
Union, Monroe Co..... Proekport, Oct 2. 3. Wisconsin.... Madison, Sept 24, 29.
Union, Erie Co.....Springville. COUNTY AND TOWN-MAINE. Union, Jefferson Co..... Adams, Sept 12. 13. Androscoggin.... Lewiston, Oct 2, 5.
Union, So. Cayuga.... Sherwood's Corners, Franklin.... Faripington, Oct 3, 5.
Sept 11, 12 Hancock.... Ellsworth, Sept 26. 27.
Union, 'I'omp. Co..... Trumanshurg, Sep 11, 13. Kennebec.... Readtiell, Oct 9, 11.
Westchester....Mt. Kieco, Sept 25, 27. North Arvostook ... Presque Isle, Oct 3, 4,
Wayne....Clyde, Sept 12. Piscataquis....Dover, Oct 3, 4,
Wayne, Palmyra Union.... Palmyra, Oct 2, 4. Sagalahoc. Topshamn, Oct 9, 11.
Yates....Penn Yan, Sept 36, 28. Union....East Sumner, Oct 16, 17.
Sussex.... Newton, Oct. 2. 5.
Warren, ... Belvidere, Sept 11, 14.
PENNSYLVANIA. Carroll-Ossipee, Sept 19, 20.
Allegheny.... Pittsburg, Sept 4. 7. Cheshire.. Keene, Sept 25, 26.
Bucks.... Newtown), Sept 26, 27. Conn. Valley....Charlestown, Oct 2, 5.
Berks.... Reading, Sept 2), 27.
Highland....Johnstown, Sept 27, 29.
Philadelphia.... Powelton, Sept 25, 28, Addison.... Middlebury, Sept 5. 7.
Wattsburg.... Wattsburg, Sept. 26, 27. Caledonia....St. Johnsbury, Sept 26, 28.
DELAWARE. Rutland.... Rutland, Sept 6, 7.
Frederick....Frederick. Oct 16, 19.
VIRGINIA. Bristol.... Taunton, Oct 2.
Wheeling Island, Sept 11, 13.
GEORGIA Franklin.... Greenfield, Sept 27.
Hancock.... Sparta, Oct 16, 20. Housatonic....Great Barrington, Sept 26.
NORTH CAROLINA. Hampshire, Franklin and Hainpden.... North Cumberland.. ampton, Oct 4
Macon.... Franklin, Nov. Hampshire. ... Amherst, Oct 11.
Sampson..., Clinton, Hampden....Springfield, Sept 20.
Wayne.... Goldsboro, Janupden East.... Palmer, Sept 18.
SOUTII CAROLINA. Lowhegan.... Mason Village, Sept 25.
Vine-Growers' Convention... Aiken, Aug. 21. Middlesex.... Concord, Set 20. Middlesex South.... Framinghan, Sept 18
KENTUCKY. Middlesex North....Lowell, Sept 13.
Bourbon. Paris, Sept 4, 7. Martha's Vineyard. ... West Tisbury, Oct 16.
Clark...,Winchester, Aug 30, Sept 1. Nantucket....Nantucket, Oct 11.
Harrison Cynthiana, Sept 18, 21. Norfolk.... Dedham, Sept 27.
Warren.... Bowling Green. Sept 18, 20. Plymouth....Bridgewater, Oct 4.
TENNESSEE. Worcester.... Worcester, Oct 2.
Bedford....Shelbyville, Sept 18, 22, Worcester West.... Barre, Sept 27.
Giles....Pulaski, Oct 9, 13. Worcester North....Fitchburg, Sept 3.
Gibson.... Trenton. Oct 10, 12.
Maury....Columbia, Oct 1, 6,
Marshall.... Lewisburg, Sept 11, 14.
Putnam Middlesex.... Middletown, Oct. 3. 5.
..Cook ville, Oct 1, 4, Windham.... Brooklyn, Sept 12, 14.
Oct 16, 20.
Shelby....Memphis, Oct 9, 15.
Sumner....Gallatin, Sept 17, 22.
Smithi.... Rome. Sept 28, 29.
Warren....McMinnville, Oct 9, 11, Afton....Chenango Co., Sept 12, 13.
MISSOURI. Broome.... Lisle Village, Sept 11, 13.
Cole....Jefferson City, Oct 1, 6. Busti Union....Pusti, Sept 6. 7.
Clay... Liberty, Oct 2, 7. Brvolifield.... Madison Co., Sept 20, 27. Platte.... Platte City, Sept 23, 30. Cattaraugus... Little Valley. Sept 25, 27. Newark....Newark, Sept 3, 7. Cayuga. ... Auburn, Sept 12, 14.
Lafayette... Lexington, Oct 2. 6. Chautauqua....Jamestown, Sept 11, 13,
Central District... Boonville, Oct 1, 5. Chautauqua Farmers and Mechanics....Fre. S. E. District...,Cape Girardeau, Oct 11, 13.
donia, Sept 26, 28, Chenango....Coventry, Oct 3, 4.
Howard,...,Fayette. Aug 29, Sept 1.
Usage.... Linn, Oct 4.5.
Jackson,... Independeuce, Sept 4, 9.
Benton... Cortland.... Virgil, Sept 20, 22,
....... Sept 25, 27. Saline....Miami, Sept 4, 8.
Oct 17, 20.
tabula, Sept 2i. 28.
Lucas. Toledo, Oct 3, 5.
..Perrysburgh, Oct 2, 3,
Williams. ... Bryan, Oct 3, 5.
Putnam.... Greencastle, Sept 10, 14.
Park....Montezuma, Oct 3, 5.
Posey....New Harnopy, Oct 2, 5,
Ripley.... Versailles, Sept 18, 20. Battle Creek, Town, Sept 26, 28.
Kush. ... Rushville, Sept 11, 14. Berrien.... Niles, Sept 26, 28.
Sullivan.... Carlisle, Sept 26, 28. Cass....Cassopolis, Sept 5, 7.
Shelby.... Shelbyville, Sept 11, 14, Horse Show.... Kalamazoo, Sept 11, 14,
Spencer.... Rockport, Oct 10, il. Do. ....Hudson, Sept 19, 21.
Steuben ....Angola, Oct 4, 5. Ingham.... Mason, Sept 26, 27.
Union....Knightstown, August 29, 31. Kalamazoo, ... Kalamazoo, Sept 25, 27.
Union.... Russelville, Sept 3, 8. Livingston....Howell, Sept 26, 27.
Vermillion.... Montezuma, Oct 2, 5. Lenawee.... Adrian, Sept 25, 27.
Wells.... Blufton, Oct 2, 3. Lapeer....Lapeer, Sept 23, 27.
Warrick....Boonville, Oct 2, 6. Macomb.... Utica, Sept 26, 28.
Whitley....Columbia City, Oct 3, 5. Oakland ... Pontiac, Oct 10, 12.
Washington....Salem, Sept 11, 14. St. Joseph....Centreville, Sept 26, 28.
Union....Goshen, Sept 25, 28.
Union.... Bridgeton, Sept 18, 21.
Adams.... Quincy, Oct 2, 6.
Champlain. Urbana, Sept
Cass.... Virginia, Sept 4, 7.
Wheaton, Sept 26, 28. Clark. ... Charlestown, Sept 12, 14,
Hancock. ... Carthage, Sept 19, 21. Decatur....Greensburg. Sept 18. 23.
Henry.... Cambridge, Oct. 3, 5. Dearborn.... Lawrenceburg, Sept 10, 11. Jo Daviess.... Galena, Sept. 11, 14. Elkhart Co., Union.... Goshen,
Knox....Knoxville, Sept 25, 28. Fayette....Connersville, Sept 4, 7.
Kane....Geneva, Fulton.... Rochester, Oct 12, 13.
Lee.. Dixon, Oct'], 5. Fountain.. Attica Oct 10, 12.
Lake... Liberty, Oct 2. 3. Gibson.... Princeton, Oct 9, 12.
La Salle....Ottiwa, Sept. 25. 28.
Livingston. Pontiac, Sept 18, 20.
Monroe.... Waterloo, Oct 16. 18.
Macoupin....Carlinville, Oct 2, 5. Lawrence.... Bedford, Sept 4.
Macon.... Decatur, Oct 1, 5. Miami.....Peru, Sept 26, 28.
Ogle....Oregon, Sept 25, 2R. Monroe.... Bloomington, Sept 4, 6.
Pike.... Pittsfield, Oct 2. 4.
Rock Island.... Rock Island, Sept 19, 21,
Tazewell.... Tremont. Sept 26, 28.
Woodford.... Metamora, Sept 19, 21.
Centerville, Oct 5, 6.
Waverly, Sept 26, 27.
Wheat, Oats, &c., in New Hampshire. With this I forward two heads each of the Early Noe, While I was at New-Haven last February, Mr. WELLS and white Blue stem. Will you oblige by rubbing out
improved white Flint, early Japan, Michigau Toscany, of that place, presented me with about an
ounce of and counting the grains of each variety, and give the Alfalfa or Lucern seed, and sometime subsequent Mr. result in connection with this? You will see the unidge Goopale, Secretary of the State Ag. Society of Maine, has injured the crop somewhat. Last week I carried a forwarded to me about the same quantity of Alsike or grist of the white Flint to the mill; no toll was taken, Sweedish clover seed. These seeds were sown on the and the yield of Aour was 50 lbs., and of as good a quality 20th of lust April, on one corner of a field, with the as Haxall's best brands. The wheat weighed 66 lbs. per English Potato Oat. After the oats were barrowed in, bushel, and I am very happy in saying that there are the Lucern and Alsike clover were sown. The balance of
scores of farmers in this town that have grown fine crops the field, just half an acre, was sown with timothy, and of winter wheat the present season, and the spring sown northern clover seed in the hull; then the ground well
LEVI BARTLETT. rolled. The result of the whole matter is, I have got a
Warner, N. H., Aug. 14, 1860. splendid piece of oats, the tallest .of which are plump
We have complied with our correspondent's request, seven feet high ; also a capital catch of timothy and clover. Some of the Alsike clover is headed out, being and find that the heads of Michigan Tuscany contain 70 21 feet high, and the same with the Lucern, although and 63 kernels—the Early Japan, 53 and 56—Gen. Harshaded by these tall oats. Up to yesterday (Aug. 13th), mon's White Flint, 53 and 55—White Blue Stem, -38 and with the exception of two or three square rods, the oats 42—and the Early Noe, 25 and 28 kernels each. Pretty over the whole piece stood as straight as cane poles; but a heavy shower last evening, accompanied with a strong good for New-Hampshire ! The Tuscany, White Flint, south wind, bas prostrated that portion of the field where and Blue Stem are very fine samples of wheat. the oats were the heaviest, say six feet and over in height; but as they are about fit to harvest, they will not
DRAINING HILL-SIDES. be greatly injured, if I can secure them within a reasonable time.
“There is much upland,” says the Boston Cultivator, I have just received the “ Rural New Yorker” of Aug. " that only requires to have the water taken away from it
, 11, in which the editor says "the oat crop is very heavy bere abouts," and adds, among the samples presented to become at once and permanently productive in the us of late, some heads of the Black Main variety, grown most valuable crops. Such are frequently the sides of on the farm of Judge Wm. Buell of Gates, near this large hills, where the water soaks slowly through the soil city, which are decidedly extra in both size and weight. near the surface. These water-soaked spots may be known Several of the heads measure from eleven to twelve inches in length.” Inclosed I forward a head of oats by the tendency to produce rushes, and such bushes as grown on my farm, measuring seventeen inches ! A grow in swamps. From their position in regurd to retaintritle a-head of Judge Buell's “decidedly extra” oats. ing the wash of other parts of the field, these spots are
In the same Rural, Mr. L. A. Beebe of Lima, tells of often comparatively rich, comprising a proper mixture of his sowing some of the Dayton wheat, side by side, in the the mineral and vegetable elements." same field with the Mediterranean, and thinks it will yield from the same straw one-third more. A head of the
Such situations cannot be drained by open drains; they Dayton was found to contain thirty kernels, while the allow a large portion of the water to run in from the surMediterranean has only twenty.
face, which thus washes in the finer and richer portions of Mesais. Editors, is thirty kernals of wheat in a head the soil
. Underdrains laid with tile or stone should be considered extra in western New-York? I have just rubbed out sixty-five kernels of wheat from a head of Gen. provided, and carefully covered, so that no water can enter Harmon's “improved white Flint wheat," and I have a them except by filtration, and then the soil will retain the dozen other varieties that will shell out uver thirty kernels principal fertilizing matters, and prove very productive in to the head.
almost any crop.
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) season gradually getting later, it cannot be many years WHEAT GROWING AND THE MIDGE. before wheat will be mostly destroyed. So that in any
case we cannot reasonably expect to be free from their Messrs. Editors—We have another good crop of wheat ravages many years. Hence, it will be well for wheat in Western New-York, and to all farmers of an observing growers in midge infested sections, to remember that no and investigating turn of mind, it is a good subject of in one can tell how soon a change in the seasons may ex. quiry why we raise so much better wheat now than we did pose their whent to destruction.
Another thing worth noticing in relation to raising from three to six or seven years ago. And what is the wheat is, the general, in fact almost uniformly heavy crops reason the midge has not destroyed it for two or three sea- that have been grown for the last few years. This is more sons back, as they did during the years before referred to ? especially worthy of remark the present season, as the latThe usual answer to this question is, that farmers sow ter part of the winter and first half of the spring, were in early kinds of wheat on good wheat land, and put it in consequence of a very unusual and long continued term of well, and in good season. This is all true as far as it goes,
freezing and thawing weather, very unfavorable for the
crop. This heavy growth of wheat may be accounted for, but in my opinion it does not cover the whole ground. by the fact that the land had not been in theat in five or That is, though it may give some of the principal reasons six, and perhaps in many instances, seven or eight years, why wheat does well, it by no means gives all of them. and as a general thing had been seeded down the most of
One of the principal reasons why the midge has de- that time, thus giving it a good long time to rest and restroyed but little wheat during the last two years, may be cover from previous exhaustion. To which perhaps, it found in the fact that we have had early seasons.
That may be well to add, that in consequence of the cessation not only wheat, but as a general thing, all other crops
of wheat raising, more land has been seeded to grass, have been much earlier than they had for some years be more stock kept, and more manure made and applied than fore; so that wheat by heading out some two weeks or
ever before. more earlier than it had for some years before, got the
Now all of this, in my opinion, goes to show that it is start of the midge, and, where other things were favora- better policy for the farmer not to sow wheat very exten. ble, made a fine crop.
sively, but by giving his land a good chance, and cultiva. The influence of different seasons in favoring or pre- ting and manuring well what he does sow, raise heavy venting the operations of the midge, may perhaps be bet. crops. Another advantage in this course is, that good ter understood by referring to the manner in which they heavy wheat is almost always earlier, and less liable to be first made their appearance and commenced the destruc- injured by the midge, than a poor crop. And should we tion of wheat in this vicinity. They were first found in a
sooner or later, as most likely we shall, have late adverse few late heads near the fences , but not early enough, nor be a great deal less loss in labor, seed, and the use of the
seasons in which the midge is very destructive, there will enougli of them to do much damage. The next year they land, than there would be were farmers to return to their were a little earlier and more of them, and so continuing old practice of making wheat their main dependence. to make their appearance earlier and to destroy more and more each year, until there was but very little wheat that
Western New-York, 1860.
P. F. cscaped their ravages, and the prevailing opinion in this section seemed to be, that we would bave to stop raising
(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) wheat. But what now seems to be generally forgotten, is
ABOUT WHEAT. the fact that while the midge was the most destructive, we had very late seasons; that wheat was not ready to har.
Ens. Co. GENT.-Farming on a small scale, I have only vest until nearly or quite the first of August, and that we the experience of a small farmer to give; but, as this were able to raise but very little wheat until the seasons experience can be applied to more extensive operations, changed, and wheat headed out some two weeks or more it may not be out of place to give it publicity. 'My preearlier than it had for several years before. Nor does the sent communication will have reference to a crop of wheat fact seem to be very generally considered and understood, of the last year's growth. It consisted of about one and a that the change two years ago was not a gradual one. In: half acres on a gravelly soil. The ground was fitted by stea:l of a moderate change of a few days each year, which raising a crop of peas, which was harvested in August
, the midge would be likely to keep pace with, the season after which the land was plowed about ten inches dcep, in 1858 was some two weeks or more earlier than it had and then covered with well rotted manure; a part from been for some years before; and that this, together with an old chip yard, and the remainder from a heap of barnthe fact that last season was a little earlier than the year yard manure which had been moved and shoveled over before, and that this has been a few days earlier than the sufficiently to secure its rotting. last, accounts for the continued good crops of wheat that
The manure on the land was thoroughly dragged so have been grown, notwithstanding the midge have made as to be mixed with the soil, and the wheat sowed about their appearance a few days earlier each year.
the 5th of September. The crop has just been harvested This brings us to the consideration of á fact, that seems and housed; and the result, so far as known, is thirteen to be almost entirely ignored or forgotten by the farmers hundred and fifty bundles of plump, clean wheat of the of Western New-York, which is, that we cannot always Mediterranean kind. expect early seasons. That sooner or later, and in all
I do not think it as well ølled as in some instances, probability before many years, they will take a turn; owing perhaps to its lodging early. By the bye, is not the that the change may be a sudden one like that two years highly cultivated land! I infer this may be so from a re
Mediterranean too much given to lodge, when sown on ago, with this exception, that the season may be some two weeks or more later instead of earlier. And that mark of J. Johnston, in a communication in your paper when we cousider this in connection with the fact that the of the 26th inst. In speaking of the Missouri May wheat midge continues to make their appearance several days and of Soules, both of which were heavy crops on the part earlier each year, than they did the preceding one, there of his farm sold last year, he says: “if Mediterranean had would certainly seem to be sufficient reason for farmers to been sown on the same field, the wheat would have been hesitate and be cautious in going into the cultivation of down flat, while now, none of it is down." wheat very extensively. And to fear that sooner or later, This remark, in connection with my experience with perhaups another year, a very late spring may cause wheat the Mediterranean the last year, would lead me to prefer to be very late in heading out, which would be very likely some other kind to this, if I were to sow on highly ento result in its entire destruction. But if-when we have riched soils. I will only add, that I am in favor of sur. another turn in the seasons—the change is a gradual one, face manuring for wheat if we desire the greatest benefit the result will be much the same, with this exception, that to the incoming crop. I have no doubt that in the case it will be a little more gradual for a year or two. But given above, it more than doubled the amount raised from with the midye coming a little earlier each year, and the the given field. 8. W. R. Clinton, July 30, 1860.
Inquiries and Answers.
the vault is nearly full, and the other lower down, for passing
in when it is nearly empty. Three or four loads of ice will New RochellE BLACKBERRY.-"What is the latest ex. perience with this berry, and in other places than where first of the operation of the binders attached to reaping inachines.
GRAIN BINDERS. - Mr. Hawk of Richland Co., 0., inquires raised? B. B." [The only complaint we have heard is
" Sherwood's Grain Binder" enables one man to take care of sourness or a want of good flavor, in some localities or seasons Although not equal to some varieties, we have nevertheless the grain as fast
as cut by the reaper, (say ten acres per day,) found the fruit very agreeable, and possessing an important with very little scattering, giving the attendant plenty of time
in good order. It is bound by a fine wire on the platform, advantage in being loss seedy than any other sort. properly cultivated, pinched back and pruned, it is enormous otherwise required. N. Monroc Co., N. Y.
for the operation, and saving at least thu labor of three bandy ly productive. We have just examined a few bushes, with a view to answering this inquiry, and selecting a single cane,
Joint WORM IN RYB-THE BARLEY FLY.-We learn from three feet and a half high, counted 327 berries on it. Others various sources that the rye crop of the New-England States appeared to be as productive. The size of well grown berries is suffering very materially the present senson from the joint is about an inch long, and three-fourths in diameter. These worm, which causes it to crinkle down and fill very imperfectbushes are now growing their third summer since planting) !y, or not at all. The stalks effected have enlarged joints or
Hay-SPREADING Maching.--" Can you inform me the bunches near them, in which a maggot is found, which, the value of Stoddard's Hay Spreader ?" We have no knowledge the mischiet. A similar fly has been very prevalent in bar
next season, hatches into a fly, which is the insect originating of this machine, other than from the examination of the cut which has appeared in some of the agricultural papers. It !ey in this State, discouraging its culture, but we believe that does not appear to be essentially different from the hay- suffered much from this insect, very early sown barley has
in some instances this season, where this grain has beretofore spreader which has been long used in England, and which we figured and described many years ago in the CULTIVATOR,
almost entirely escaped, while the late sown is almost ruined from an imported one which had been tested in Western New. We should be glad to learn whether this is generally the case. York. In the moist climate of England it is of more value
Niagara Co., N. Y. than here. It is a heavy, costly, complex machine, and the STABLE FLOORS, &c.- I wish to inquire what will make imported ones were soon ihrown aside. They would be now the best floor for stables in a basement story. There is plenty of still less value since mowing machines are so generally of timber at hand, stone and gravel. I intend to make stanused, and which leave the grass evenly distributed over the tials, as it is recommended by many. Will some one give me surface.
the description and the method of fastening all at a time? CHERRIES. – I have a fine lot of dwarf cherries. Will they Perhaps Mr. BARTLETT can give the Shaker plan. The rest bear higher culture than cherries on Mazzard stocks? Has plan, but I want to keep up with the times. H. P. Nortor.
my stables are stalls with cbains, which I thought the best the Gov. Wood cherry proved to be a superior variety ? Humboldt Co., Cal. (Cherry trees will grow about as vigor.
LANGSTROTH's Bee-Hive.- Can you, or any of your corresously on Mahaleb stocks as on the common or Mazzard root, pondents, inform me through the columns of your paper, what and should be properly cultivated, but not much enriched. In the right of using Langstroth's patent movable frame hire the west, where the heart varieties fail, the Mabaleb will only costs ? Also the cost of constructing them compared with those partially prevent the evil, or in but a slight degree - but the described in the Register of Rural Affairs of 1858. APIS. Morello and Duke cherries, worked on the Mahaleb, succeed SMUT IN WHEAT-BRINING AND LIMING. I have often finely, and may be very freely cultivated. The Gov. Wood seen the statement that to soak seed wheat in brine, and then proves to be one of the very best sorts grown.
cont it with fresh slaked lime, would prevent the appearance Ice House.-What is the best method of constructing an of smut in the future crop, but in my case, the present year, ice house in the open air ? We have a building in the house it proves no preventive. Last year I saw very little, if any, cellar, made for that purpose, and we have but one objection smut in my spring wheat ; this year, though the seed was to it, which is this: If it is ever so well packed, in the best brined and limed, it is quite abundant. Perhaps it may have season, and with the best of ice, the ice is sure to lose its visi. prevailed in the China Tea variety, procured of a neighbor, bility before the close of dog days, the time it is most desired. which I mixed with my own Black Sea, and brined mainly Will the editors, or some of the readers of the Co. Gent. or with a view to float out the oats, barley, and light grains of CULTIVATOR, propose a remedy? I. W. SANBORN. Lyndon, wheat found therein. What causes smut, and is there any Vt. (We cannot inform our correspondent the reason of the other remedy save to sow seed perfectly free from it? TYRO disappearance of his ice, without knowing the size of the vault, THE BIRDS.- Could you or any of your readers tell through mode of packing, thickness of sawdust, facilities for ventila- the CULTIVATOR what will prevent the birds from picking tion, and manner of drainage. The latter is very important, strawberries, currants and raspberries; any information would and' must be so that the water shall immediately pass off as be gratefully received by many. the ice melts, and must at the same time prevent the cold air, which seitles downward, from passing off also, else the ing bread, but none that I have seen for making it from un
BREAD.—You have published a number of recipes for makwarm air will flow in from above, and the current thus pro- bolted wheat four. Will not some one tell us something duced will melt the ice rapidly. The size of the vault must about it? w. Circleville, O. be large enough to hold a good supply, and to keep a cold mass large enough to prevent access of warmth to the inner
Good PUMP.-I notice a correspondent in the Co. Gent. of portions. Six or seven feet square is as small as will answer. the 19th inst., makes inquiry for a good well or cistern pump. The sawdust should surround the ico a foot in thickness, either I would refer bim to Young's Rotary Puinp, being, in my in the exterior and permanent walls of the ice house, or with opinion, the best in use. It does not lin with an endless chain, in the walls, or both. The ice must be sawed in blocks of uni. as I suppose to be the case with the one in use by your cora form size, so as to be packed in a solid mass. Ventilation of respondent. I am not mechanic enough to describe it, but I the upper part of the house is essentinl, to provent heating feel assured that it would be free from the great objection to Sawdust may be applied so thick or copiously as to heat and force and suction pumps, also the endless cbain pump; it is do injury. An unmatched board bottom, with the small cracks not liable to get out of order, in fact it looks as if it would between the boards to allow the escape of water, and then six or work for an age without repair. It is immersed entirely uneigbt inches of sawdust, we have found to make good drain- der the water, and is its own lubricator-has do valves or age. The sawdust must be packed even and solid-ice is stutting boxes, no chambers to be kept air-tight, and as it is often rapidly lost by the sawdust being too loose, and adwit- under water is not liable to injury by frost, and' wastes sufting currents of warm air as the cold air flows out below. An ficient water to empty the pire before the water would freeze ice house above ground is best, is more accessible in every re- in it. I think it is the invention of Wm. A. Young of Charspect, and may be far more easily filled. It is usual to make lotte, N. C. B. C. Chattanooga, Tenn. simply double board walls, with a space of ten inches or a IRON WEED.-Would say to “P. D.," the mode of killing foot, filled with well rammed tan or sawdust ; in which cnse a iron weed on pasture grounds that I have practiced or known, few inches of sawdust inside the walls, and surrounding the is to cut them down repeatedly, and not allow them to seed ice, will be sufficiont. But we have seen ice kept in the best or even blossom. If persevered in, I think this method will manner packed in nothing but a board shanty, without double ultimately eradicate them. If there is another more efficient walls, care being taken to pack a wall of sawdust a foot thick and expeditious way of killing thein, other than with the on every side. For a family of about eight persons we have plow, I would like to become acquninted with it. an abundant supply of ice furnished by means of a house eight Deerfield, Va. feet by ton outside, (eight feet high,) and six by eight feet REFINING Wine.-- How much isinglass is required to refino inside. It has two double doors, one for entering above when one gallon of wine ? When should it be put in? 1. (Will
some of our-wine making readers please give us the desired to this weed, and the best mode of destroying it, through information.)
your paper, it will be thankfully received. W. BlakELY. A Barn-Yard PUMP.-I have a well in my barn-yard Bloomuille. (The plant forwarded appears to be a species of forty feet deep, and would very much like to hear of a good Vernonia, which we are not acquainted with, and we cannot practical pump for it. Something not liable to get out of therefore give the best mode of extirpation.] order, anti-freezing, and constructed perhaps upon the lift New Rochelle BLACKBERRY.-Can you inform me the time and force principle. Have you, within the cominonwealth of to plant Lawton Blackberry seed, and how much seed to the New-York, such a pump for a farmer? My well is required acre, and the price per pound for the seed M. B. Ovait. to serve 50 to 60 head of cattle and horses, and has ample Euclid, O. (We are not aware that the seed is offered in water for that purpose. I have been using the endless chain market. It should be mixed with slightly moist sand soon pumps, after taking out the common stock pumps twice, and after washing out--and should be sown late in autumn in rich throwing them aside, as not answering, from the buckets and garden mould, buried half an inch to an inch deep, according their leathers wearing out so rapidly. My farm hands think to the porosity or heaviness of the soil. After one or two there must be, or ought to be, some pump invented for this years growth, plants may be set out in rows six or eight feet purpose, that would save their arms from the almost endless apart, and four or five feet in the row, and kept constantly crank-turning which the endless chain pump demands of cultivated, and properly pinched in in summer. As new them.- Brandywine, Delaware. (Cowing & Co. of Seneca rieties will thus be produced, most of them will probably be Falls, N. Y., make an excellent forcing pump, which has been inferior to the genuine Rochelle, miscalled the Lawton. The found valuable for deep wells, where large quantities of water genuine plants are obtained only from the root.) are required-and they can doubtless give all the information
DiskasE IN CATAWBA GRAPE8.-You will find inclosed required. We bave seen also a strong recommendation of a
some diseased Catawba grapes. I lost them last year by the forcing pump manufactured by J. M. Edney, 147 Chambers sanie disease. The cause, and a renedy, would be thankstreet, N. Y., but we do not know personally its quality. For fully received through the columns of The COLTIVATOR. smaller quantities, Winegar's elevator, figured and described Charles Mason. Sterling Hill, Ct. [The disease is proon p. 272 of the Country GENTLEMAN, vol. ix, answers a bably the rot, so destructive to the Catawba grape at the good purpose.]
west. We do not know a remedy, although a well drained MANURING Trees and VEGETABLES.-Shall I apply to my subsoil is generally regarded as most likely to be free from it.] young fruit trees this fall, clear manure or a coinpost? If PEAVINE CLOVER.-I see a notice of the pearine clover. the latter, what should be its composition ? I apply the Can I get some in the city of New-York? If so, of whom ? kitchen and chamber slops and the washing suds to my young B.C. (It can probably be procured of J. M. Thorburn & Co. trees. Is it right? How shall I prepare the contents of a of New-York.] privy to render it suitable for fertilizing my garden ? 18
Barren RASPBERRY PLANTS.—I wish to ask in referthere any truth in the assertion that vegetables raised on
ence to my white raspberry. A year ago last fali I set out ground fertilized with human excrements, are unhealthy ? J. 1. F. Middleton, N. Y. (Unfermented manure does quite a quantity, and was very particular in taking them up. well when applied in the fall as a top-dressing to trees. The They scarcely wilted, but grew right on, blossoined last sumrains and melting knows dissolve a portion and carry fertility and rank, bloomed finely, but not a berry, but instead á kind
mer, but no berry'; this season they were and are very fine down among the roots. In the spring the remainder may be of cup-rather a depression than swelling berry. They were spaded in, if the soil is light, or left near or at the surface, if taken from a neglected patch said to be of a good kind, but it is heavy. When manure is applied more nearly in contact with the roots, it should be old or decayed, or in the form of as I since learned had never borne. Please tell me if the compost. The best compost, for general purposes, and for male and female blossom are on the same stalk ? I fear they
are all males. Or can you tell if anything can be done with them common soils, is a well rotted mixture of yard or stable manure and mock or turf, with a small portion (say a twentieth) The raspberry usually has perfect flowers-some varieties bavo
except cutting them down. J. S. Wood. Lansing, Mich. of ashes. The slops mentioned are good for trees - but care badly developed ones in unfavorable localities-this may be must be taken to apply them properly, that is, not at the foot the case with the plants set out by our correspondent. With of the trunk, where i he tree does not want them, but over the surface as far as the emall roots extend, which is usually about ductiveness that is, pinching off the ends of the new shoots or
some partially fruiting sorts, summer pruning will assist proas far from the trunk, each way, as the height of the tree. Frequent or daily applications of coal ashes to vaults, will ble anuther year. We would recominend bim to procure
canes when tbree or four feet high. The result will be visi. destioy all the bad odor, and form the whole into a good com- Brinckle's Orange, and perhaps Fastolf, Knevett's Giant, post, that may be easily and comfortably shovelled out. In the absence of coal ashes, thoroughly dried muck, or pulver, nearly as inuch so. They should be laid down and slightly
and Franconia. The first is very prolific- the others usually ize i charcoal, if in sufficient quantity, will answer a good covered in winter with an inch of earth-a precaution that purpose. There must be enough of either inaterial to render will often give good crops when otherwise there would be few the contents dry and pulverable. There is no truth in the assertion that night-soil grows unhealthy vegetables. The com
or none.) plete decny and decomposition of the manuten takes place, through The Cultivator if the Osage Orange will root by
Osage ORANGE FROM LAYERS.-Can you inform me and totally new compounds are formed, so that, through a wonderful provision of Creative Wisdom, decayed and foetid laying-also the best means for causing plants to root that are matter is converted into the most beautiful and delicate backward to do so, as it is of great importance where plants structures of vegetable tissue - into pure vegetables, delicious have missed and others cannot be got to grow for the shade fruits, and into blushing and fragrant flowers.)
of the old ones-also the best size and shape of bee-hives,
with the best information on their management. A SUBPears on QUINCE-PEACHES ON PLUMS.-1. Can the rear SCRIBER. Apanoose, Ill. (The Osage Orange may be raised be successfully propagated by root-grafting on the Angers from layers, by bending down the young and fresh growing quince roots, instead of budding ? (Experiments have gener. shoots ; covering in little trenches made for the purpose with ally been unsuccessful.)-2. Is not the peach, when worked a few inches of earth, and then bringing the end of each shoot on plum stocks, more hardy, and does it not blossom later in in an upright position. It is inuch cheaper and easier to raise spring than upon its own roots ? On our lowest grounds, such from seed. Ii is hard to fill gapes in hedges-the young as “creek bottoms," the peach crop is more liable to be de plants are overshadowed. Pains should be taken in starting stroyed by spring frosts than on high lund; bence we wish to a hedge, to set out none but good ovenly selected plants. In learn if we cann t succeed better with peaches on low ground order to get the desired information on bees fully, procure by working on pluin stocks. [The peach is a little more Quinby's book, which is sent by mail for one dollar. dwarfed and rendered slightly bardier on plum stocks--similar to the effects of a hard soil and moderate cultivation--but THE CULTIVATOR, what will destroy the bug known as the
Potato Bug.– Will you inquire through the columns of the difference is slight. It is much more inportant to select potato bug? I planted four acros in potatoes early in Feb. elevated sites, out the reach of valley frosts.]–3. At what height should the plum stock be "budded” or grafted ? A. Fuary, and about the time they began to bloom, thousands of BABcoҫк. Union Co., IU. [Near, or within a few inches of lot and stripped them of every particle of verdure. I have
these striped bugs, that go in schools, took possession of the tho ground.)
used lime and ashes, but nothing that I have been able to A New WEED.- Enclosed I send you a weed that I should discover will stop their ravages. E. DASHNELL. Tenn. like w know the name of. It is a very bad weed, and it is Pits.- Nearly a year ago come one in your columps, prospreading fast in this vicinity, and where it grows it runs out mised to give us sone directions for the construction of pits the grass, and where the lind is plowed the more rank it for the reception of tendor plants in winter. Isn't it about grows. Now if you can give me any information in regard time he was doing it ? W. Ohio.